Tuesday, October 27, 2009

Bond Family History

For additional information and pictures on related family members visit:

England History

“Erth Barton”, the Ancient Ancestral Bond Estate is located close to Saltash in Cornwall on the Lyner river. See “Erth Barton” Picture by Peter Bond.

• Situated near the coast, the antiquity of Erth and its curious name, “Erth”( pronounced “Earth”) suggest it is “ancient,” and may have been there before the Conquest, and even before the time of Henry de Erth. Dotted over Cornwall, are strange stone pillars, and stone circles. Some may be the work of Pheonecians who around 1500-700 BC mined tin from Cornish mines. The “very” ancient ruin at “Erth”, a Phoenician word, is built in a large circumference with great stones heaped one upon another without mortar. It is also possible a “Norse” settled there, as they also used the Phoenician word “Bonde”. The first known Reference of a “Bond” in the UK was “Mertz Erin Bonde” in the year 568 AD. He may have been a “Norse”.Erth house was described by a Mr. Carew in 1610 as a ‘ very ancient building’. Erth is said to be a “manor”, passed from a family of its own name to the name of Bonde”. According to Burke, “The Family of bond were of great antiquity in Cornwall, and are said to have been originally at Penryn, but removed thence at a very early period to Erth, the the Parish of St. Stephen, an estate they acquired in marriage with the daughter and heiress of a very ancient house which took its name from that place.”

• The earliest English records is found in the Calendar of Patent Rolls of 1337, which lists lands bestowed to Henry de Erth, Knight, for services rendered to John of Eltham, the Earl of Cornwall, and brother of Edward II. The male line of Henry died upon the death of his descendent, Geoffrey de Erth, and the lordship passed to Robert Bonde, who had married Elizabeth, the daughter and heiress, about 1400. Richard, the eldest son succeeded Robert, and married in 1434 Agnes Maynard, a lady of noble lineage. Richard was succeeded by William, who died in 1529. It then passed to Sir Richard Bond. He married another noble, Elizabeth Coriton. Their second son, Thomas, acquired the nearby manor of Holewood, starting the line of Bonds of Erth and Holewood. This is when the crescent was added, a symbol of a second son.

• Through the children Bond estates spread to Cornwall, Kent, and Essex as well as other counties.

• The first great naval vessel of England, a warship named the Henry Grace a Dieu, was built by a shipbuilder named William Bond. One of his ships, the Pelican, was captured by the French, recaptured by Sir Francis Drake, and renamed the Golden Hind, his most famous vessel. On one of his famous voyages, there was probably a Bond among the crew. When pillaging Santo Domingo, a famous painting was taken which depicted a winged horse with a streamer coming from its mouth bearing the words “Non Sufficit Orbis”. These items were adopted as part of the family crest. The earliest date this version is depicted is on the tomb of Thomas Bond of Fulham who died in 1600.

• Sir George Bond, William’s brother, became Lord Mayor of London in 1587.

• At the time of the expected invasion of the Spanish Armada, John Bond, Esq, then head of the house, was made Captain of the Isle of Portland. His son Dennis became a parliamentarian and was held in favor by Oliver Cromwell. His son, John, was a puritan who died in 1686.

American History

Bond families in the Southern colonies were neither numerous, nor large in size. Even so, proving many of the family connections is not possible, and only folklore justifies the connections. From the ownership of the Bond of Erth & Hole symbol, we can presume that the descendents of Lt. Col. John Bond are also descendents of the Bonds of Erth and Hole. Lt. Col. John Bond’s lineage to John Bond, ~1695–1749, is primarily established through verifiable sources. The trail to these sources was initiated by Russel Bond, 1815–1895, who’s life by fate overlapped that of his father Lt. Col. John Bond, 1770–1862, by 47 years.

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