Wednesday, June 2, 2010

G21: 1249352

1249352. Baron Robert de Clifford & 1249353. Maud de Clare & 11820750. Robert de Welles

The Welsh Wars of Edward I; A Contribution to Mediaeval Military History, Based on Original Documents

9/29/1276, Robert born in England, heir & s/o 2498704. Roger de Clifford & 2498705. Isabel de Vipont.

11/6/1282, Robert heir to his father; wardship appointed to Edmund of Cornwall, the king’s brother. [Because of intervention by his mother, he was effectively raised by Earl Gilbert de Clare.]

1286, Robert heir to his paternal grandfather. (S) UKNA.

~1288, Maud born in England, d/o 2498706. Thomas de Clare & 2498707. Juliane Fitz Maurice.

5/14/1292, Robert heir to his mother; the combined estates eventually making him one of the most powerful barons of his time.

7/1292, at an inquisition of Isabel, mother of Robert, “Robert her son and heir will be 18 on 29 Sept. 1292.”

11/3/1293, Robert under age.

1295, Robert with King Edward I in Wales as his ward.

5/3/1295, Robert given livery of his estates.

1295, Robert and his aunt Idonia were coheirs to a fourth of the estate of Robert’s greatuncle Richard FitzJohn. (S) UKNA.

[––– Robert de Clifford & Maud –––]

11/13/1295, Robert married Maud.

5/20/1296, Pardon, at the instance of Robert de Clifford, … (S) CPRs.

1296, Robert with 2 knights, a trooper, and a retinue of 35 with horses in the Welsh wars.

1/14/1297, Protection with clause volumus, until Midsummer, for the following, going to Brabant, by the king’s command, with the duchess of Brabant :– … Robert de Clifford, … (S) CPRs.

1297, Robert heir to his great-uncle Lord Richard Fitz John.

7/12/1297, Robert captain of the king’s castles in Cumberland. (S) CPRs.

7/1297, Robert I “the Bruce” forced to surrender to Henry de Percy and Robert de Clifford at the battle of Irvine. [Henry’s son married Robert’s daughter Iodine.]

11/14/1297, Appointment of William de Dacre … to levy in the county of Lancaster 3000 footmen for service under Robert de Clyfford, captain of the march of Scotland in the county of Cumberland against the Scots who have invaded the realm. (S) CPRs.

7/22/1298, Robert at the battle of Falkirk against William Wallace, “Braveheart”, as a household banneret.

9/26/1298, King Edward I granted Robert Caerlaverock Castle and the lands of Sir William Douglas [in the process initiating a feud which would last a century].

10/1299, Robert and his aunt Idonia received the manors of Moulton, Northants.; Winterslow, Wilts., and the reversion of Shalford, Surrey in the division of the estate of Richard FitzJohn. (S) UKNA.

12/29/1299, Robert, 1st Lord Clifford and Baron de Clifford, summoned to parliament. [The title “by writ” means it was inheritable through male and female lines.]

4/1/1300, … ordered … to cause all and singular of … knights, esquires or others having 40£ yearly of land … to provide themselves with horses and arms … be with the king at Carlisle at Midsummer next, ready to set out with him at his wages against the Scots … Westmoreland, with Robert de Clifford. (S) Calendar of Close Rolls.

1300, Robert at the siege of Carlaverock.

2/12/1301, “Robertus de Clifford Castellanus de Appelby” joined in the Baron’s Letter to the Pope.

4/13/1302, Robert de Clifford, constable of Notingham castle. (S) CPRs.

7/24/1302, Grant to Robert de Clifford, who has been appointed, during pleasure, to the custody of the liberty of the bishopric of Durham, of 200 marks a year out of the issues … (S) CPRs.

8/28/1303, Grant to Robert de Clifford of the marriage of John, son and heir of John de Nevill, tenant in chief, a minor in the king’s custody.

3/1/1304, Robert with the king made a successful assault on the Scots near Peebles.

5/5/1307, Licence for Robert de Clifford to enfeoff Robert son of Robert de Clifford and Elizabeth daughter of John de Vallibus, in tail, …. In Elyncham, held in chief, … (S) CPRs.

9/3/1307, Appointment, during pleasure, of Robert de Clifford to the office of the marshlsea of England. (S) CPRs.

1308, Robert‘s aunt Idoine de Vipont granted her share of Appleby to him [giving him the whole of the estate.] (S) UKNA.

1308, Robert attended the 1st Dunstable tournament.

8/11/1308, Appointment of Robert de Clyfford to be captain and chief keeper of the king’s munitions and men-at-arms, both horse and foot, in Scotland. (S) CPRs.

1309, Robert given approval to crenulate Brougham castle.

3/15/1310, Robert granted a market and fair at Severn Stoke, Worcestershire. (S) Gazetteer of Markets and Fairs in England and Wales to 1516.

3/19/1310, Robert granted the honor and castle of Skipton by King Edward II [formerly held by Piers Gaveston.] (S) CPRs.

1/24/1311, Grant to Robert de Clifford that upon his decease his exectors shall have the administrations of all his moveables without hindrance, … (S) CPRs.

1312, Robert one of 5 barons involved in the capture of Piers Gaveston, besieging him at Scarborough castle.

12/16/1312, Safe-conduct, … for Robert de Clifford, and his followers, who are to meet, … come without arms and caparisoned horses. (S) CPRs.

2/27/1313, Aquittance to Thomas, earl of Lancaster, Guy, earl of Warwick, Henry de Percy and Robert de Clifford, for jewels, horses, and other things, late of Peter de Gavaston, … (S) CPRs.

10/16/1313, Robert received a pardon in the death of Piers de Gaveston.

6/24/1314, Robert, slain at the battle of Bannockburn during a charge of the English vanguard; buried Shap Abbey, Westmorland. [The Scots demanded no ransom for his body.]

11/1315, Maud abducted by John le Irish, keeper of Barnard castle. A force of 40 men-at-arms headed by Sir William de Montagu rescued her. (S) CPRs.

[––– Robert de Welle & Maud –––]

Bef. 12/16/1315, Maud married [without license] Robert de Welle.

10/3/1316, “Robert de Welle states that he made a fine in Chancery for the trespass he committed in marrying Maud, widow of Robert de Clyfford, without permission, and was pardoned.” (S) UKNA.

4/1321, Maud coheir to her nephew Thomas de Clare, s/o her brother Richard, and the lordship of Thomond.

6/1/1322, “Robert de Welle; Matilda de Welle, wife of Robert de Welle … The Welles request that the justices be ordered to go to judgment according to the law and custom of the realm concerning their writ of dower against the Cromwells, as it has been delayed by the forfeiture of Roger de Clifford … Roger de Clifford, son and heir of Robert de Clifford.” (S) UKNA.

3/10/1325, Pardon … for acquiring, … who held it of Robert de Welle and Maud his wife, in the name of her dower, as of the castle of Skipton in Craven, … assigned by the king to the said Maud after the death of Robert de Clifford, sometime her husband, … (S) CPRs.

Bef. 5/24/1327, Maud died.

(S) Magna Carta Ancestry, P215. (S) The Welsh Wars of Edward I, Morris, 1901.

Family notes:
• A Sir Robert de Welles was warden of the Marches and constable of Pendragon Castle. This Robert was possibly s/o Robert de Welle & Isabel de Periton.

Children of Robert de Clifford and Maud:

i. Roger de Clifford, born ~1302 in England.
1314, Roger became the ward of Sir Bartholomew Badlesmere.
3/16/1322, Roger fought against the king’s forces at Boroughbridge where he was wounded and captured. He was condemned to death and held at York. His estates were forfeited.
1322, “ … by the forfeiture of Roger de Clifford … John de Crumwelle (Cromwell); Idonia, wife of John de Cromwell; Robert de Clifford; Roger de Clifford, son and heir of Robert de Clifford …” (S) UKNA.

ii. Iodine de Clifford (30422827), born ~1303 in England.

iii. Robert de Clifford (624676), born 11/5/1305 in England.

Child of Robert de Welles and Maud:

i. Cicely de Welles (5910375), born ~1315 in England.

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