Wednesday, June 2, 2010

G21: 1249366

1249366. Lord William la Zouche de Mortimer & 1249367. Alice de Tony & 1249356. Earl Guy de Beauchamp

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~1273, Guy born in England, heir & s/o 11819498. William de Beauchamp & 11819499. Maud Fitz John.

Aft. 1275, William born in England, s/o 2498732. Robert de Mortimer & 2498733. Joyce la Zouche.

1284, Alice born in England, d/o 2498734. Ralph de Tony & 2498735. Mary ?.

3/25/1296, Guy knighted by King Edward I.

[–––Guy & Isabel de Clare –––]

Bef. 5/11/1297, Guy married Isabel, d/o 4997382. Gilbert de Clare.

Guy was called “the Black Bear of Arden” by Piers Gaveston.

7/22/1298, Guy fought in the King’s division at the battle of Falkirk. William also fought at this battle.

1298, Guy succeeded as “Earl of Warwick” and granted lands in Scotland.

10/20/1298, Commission of oyer and terminer to Ralph Basset … touching the persons who entered the free chace of Guy de Bello Campo, earl of Warwick, of Colefeld, in the counties of Warwick and Stafford, while the earl was on the king’s service in Scotland … (S) CPRs.

5/15/1299, Protection … for John de Bello Campo, going beyond seas on the king’s service with Guy de Bello Campo, earl of Warwick. By testimony of the said earl. (S) CPRs. [John de Clinton and Bernard de Brus also going with the earl.]

3/28/1300, “Royal letters patent: inspeximus and confirmation of Magna Carta … Witnesses: … Ralph de Monte Hermerii [Monthermer] Earl of Gloucester and Hertford, Humfrey de Bohun, Earl of Hereford and Essex, Guy de Bello Campo [Beauchamp], Earl of Warwick, …” (S) UKNA.

9/22/1300, Guy, Earl of Warwick, granted a market and fair at Sutton Coldfield, Warwickshire. (S) Gazetteer of Markets and Fairs in England and Wales to 1516.

1300, Guy at the siege of Caerlaverock castle.

2/12/1301 in Lincoln, Guy was a signer of a letter to Pope Boniface VIII asserting the King’s right to dominion over Scotland.

By 1302, Guy divorced Isabel. [No children.]

[–––Thomas de Leyburn & Alice –––]

~1300, Alice 1st married Sir Thomas de Leyburn, s/o William. [1 daughter, Juliana born 1303.]

1304, Guy served under Edward, Prince of Wales, at the siege of Stirling castle.

1304, William la Zouche granted reversion of properties of his kinsman Alan la Zouche.

1306, Guy, having no male heirs, entailed his estates on his nephew Philip le Despenser [died 1313.]

Bef. 5/30/1307, Sir Thomas died; daughter Juliana his heir.

[–––Guy & Alice –––]

7/7/1307, Guy present at the death of King Edward I at Burgh by Sands, near Carlisle.

2/25/1308, Guy present at the coronation of King Edward II, carrying a sword of state.

1308, Guy a key player in the banishment of Piers de Gavaston.

1309, Guy married Alice.

1309, Alice heir to her brother Robert, Lord de Tonei; including manors in Essex, Worcestershire, Wiltshire, Hertfordshire, Cambridgeshire, and the Welsh marches worth a total of about £500 a year.

1309, Guy a lone opposer to the recall of Piers de Gaveston.

1310, Guy a “Lord Ordainer of Reform”.

6/1312, Guy seized Piers de Gavaston at Deddington, Oxfordshire and imprisoned him in Warwick castle. Guy handed Piers over to the Earl of Lancaster who executed him without trial.

2/27/1313, Aquittance to Thomas, earl of Lancaster, Guy, earl of Warwick, Henry de Percy and Robert de Clifford, for jewels, horses, and other things, late of Peter de Gavaston, … (S) CPRs.

1313, Margaret de Multon’s father died leaving her as heir. King Edward II claimed wardship, and Margaret was entrusted to Guy de Beauchamp, earl of Warwick.

10/16/1313, Guy and William pardoned for their parts in the death of Piers. (S) CPRs.

1314, Guy refused to serve in the Bannockburn campaign.

7/25/1315, Guy wrote his will - see Family notes.

8/12/1315, Guy de Bello Campo, Earl of Warwick, died at Warwick castle; buried at the Abbey of Bordsley.

[–––William & Alice –––]

1314, William obtained the reversions granted in 1304 on the death of his kinsman.

1315-35, William fought in wars against the Scots.

10/26/1316, William married Alice.

1323-36, William summoned to parliament, sometimes as Lord Zouche de Mortimer.

1324-5, William served in Gascony.

11/7/1324, Revocation of … his custody of the land and heir of Guy de Bello Campo, earl of Warwick, … by inspection … the advoswon thereof has been assigned in dower to William la Zousche and Alice his wife, late the wife of the earl, in her share of the earl’s advowsons. (S) CPRs.

1/1/1325, Alice died.

10/1326, William with Queen Isabel at the extraordinary council held at Bristol.

11/1326, William went with the Earl of Lancaster into Wales to capture King Edward II and Hugh le Despenser; besieging them at Caerphilly castle.

2/1/1327 at Westminster, Edward III, age 14, crowned king of England.

11/16/1328, Licence for William la Zousche of Mortimer, one of the justices of oyer and terminer for the counties of Kent, Surrey and Sussex, and for his servants and others in his company, to go and ride armed, notwithstanding the late statute of Northampton. (S) CPRs.

1/26/1329, William married Eleanor de Clare(2954875) after abducting her from Hanley castle: Commission of oyer … on complaint by John de Grey that William la Zousche de Mortuo Marie and others at Henle, co. Worcester, abducted his wife [Lady la Despenser] and carried away his goods, and that they still withhold his wife from him. (S) CPRs.

2/5/1329, Mandate to Roger de Mortuo Mari, earl of March, justice of Wales, or such as shall supply his place, to provide for the safety of Kaerfilly Castle, now besieged by William la Zousche of Mortimer. (S) CPRs.

6/12/1329, Mandate to William la Zousche de Mortuo Mari, constable of the Tower of London, to induct John de Wodeford into corporal possession. (S) CPRs.

3/16/1330, William named in the confession of Edmund, Earl of Kent, as a conspirator of the attempt to free [deceased] Edward II.

1/1331, William in a quarrel with Lord John de Grey(15211428); John drew his knife on him in the King’s presence. [John was sent to prison.]

1/20/1331, Restitution to William la Zousche of Mortimer, Eleanor his wife and her heirs, of the land of Glaumorgan and Morgannon in the march of Wales, … manors of Teukesbury, co. Gloucester, and Hanle, co. Worcester, … grant is made to ease the king’s conscience … the king is not bound to make such restitution until satisfied of 5,000£ wherein they became bound to obtain pardon for a theft by Eleanor of a very great quantity of jewels and other goods at the Tower of London. (S) CPRs.

4/26/1332, William received protection for going beyond the seas with Princess Eleanor. William had 20 others including knights, parsons, and clerks going with him. (S) CPRs. [Thomas Roscelyn, knight, going beyond seas on the king’s service, with William la Zousche of Mortimer, going to Ireland]. (S) CPRs.

8/1332, Hugh de Audley was in violent conflict with William la Zouche of Mortimer in the marches of Wales; the king ordering them to keep the peace.

6/21/1333, Commision of oyer … on complaint by William la Zouche of Mortymer, … and others hunted in his chace at Malverne, co. Worcester, carried away deer and assaulted his servants. (S) CPRs.

6/26/1333, Appointment, during pleasure, of William la Zouche of Mortimer to keep the king’s peace in the land of Wales and the marches thereof and to arrest all those who break the same. (S) CPRs.

3/3/1334, Grant to William la Zouche Mortymer of pavage for three years for his town of Teukesbury. (S) CPRs.

8/23/1335, Licence … lands in Ireland … which descended to Eleanor, wife of William la Zouche of Mortimer, one of the sisters and heirs of Gilbert de Clare, earl of Gloucester, … (S) CPRs.

10/13/1335, Pardon to William la Zousche of Mortimer and Eleanor his wife of 2,000 marks beyond the sums already pardoned out of the 10,000£ … (S) CPRs.

2/28/1337, William died; buried at Tewkesbury Abbey, Gloucestershire.

(S) Magna Carta Ancestry, P54.

Family notes:
• Guy a fierce opponent of Piers Gaveston. He was “an exceptionally cultured and learned man”, who understood Latin, owned an unusually large collection of books, and served with distinction in Scotland under Edward I. (S) Queen Isabella, by Alison Weir, 2005, P41.
• Will: Guy de Beauchamp, Earl of Warwick, dated at Warwick castle, Monday next after the feast of St. James the Apostle, 1315. My body to be buried in the Abbey of Bordsley, without any funeral pomp; to Alice my wife, a proportion of plate, with a crystal cup and half my bedding, and also all the vestments and books belonging to my Chapel, the other half of my beds, rings, and jewels I bequeath to my two daughters; to Maud my daughter a crystal cup; to Elizabeth my daughter, the marriage of Astley’s heir; to Thomas my son, my best coat of mail, helmet, and harness, with all that belongs thereto; to John my son, my second coat of mail, helmet, and suit of harness; and I will that all the rest of my armour, bows, and other warlike implements, shall remain in Warwick castle for my heir.
• Gibbon, the historian, said that the “de la Zouche” family had the most royal blood in all of Europe; descended from Alfred the Great and Charlemagne.

Children of Guy and Alice: [2 sons, 5 daughters]

i. Maud de Beauchamp (15211395), born ~1310 in England.

ii. Thomas de Beauchamp (624678), born 2/14/1313 in England.

iii. Elizabeth de Beauchamp (7605543), born by 1315 in England.

Child of William and Alice: [3 sons, 1 daughter]

i. Alan la Zouche, born 9/15/1317 in England. [Heir.]

ii. Joyce la Zouche (624683), born 1319 in England.