Monday, June 14, 2010

G21: 1477428

1477428. Earl Thomas de Holland & 1477429. Joan of Kent & The Black Prince

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~1314, Thomas born in England, s/o 30422042. Lord Robert de Holand & 30422043. Maud la Zouche.

11/15/1321, Licence for Robert de Holand and Matilda his wife to assigne the manor of Brackele and Halse, co. Northampton, … successive remainders Robert son of the said Robert de Holand … Thomas his brother, Alan brother of Thomas, … (S) CPRs.

2/1/1327, Edward III, age 14, crowned king of England. [Edward would rule for 50 years.]

9/29/1328, Joan born in England, d/o 2954858. Edmund of Woodstock & 2954859. Margaret Wake.

10/7/1328, Thomas’ father killed; his older brother Robert the heir.

3/14/1330, Joan’s father executed.

6/30/1330, Prince Edward of Wales, s/o King Edward III, born at Woodstock Palace, Oxfordshire, England.

9/14/1330 at Valenciennes, France, Thomas de Holand witnessed a quitclaim of Walter de Mauny, knight, to John de Molyns which was also witnessed by the earls of Northampton and Salisbury.

8/12/1332, Grant to Margaret, late the wife of Edmund, earl of kent … lands of the inheritance of John brother and heir of Edmund son and heir … during minority of the said John, and of Joan, his sister, … (S) CPRs.

1337, Thomas served under Robert d’Artois on an expedition to Brittany.

[––– Thomas & Joan –––]

2/20/1338, Grant, for good service in Scotland and elsewhere, to Thomas de Holand, … (S) CPRs.

Bef. 5/1340, in a clandestine ceremony, Joan 1st married Thomas.

6/24/1340, Thomas bought in the battle of Sluys in France. The French navy guarded an inlet used as an approach to the continent. In a 9-hour battle the English attacked 166 French ships at their moorings. Most of the French fleet and some Genoese ships were destroyed.

7-8/1340, Thomas at the siege of Tournai. The siege was unsuccessful against the stone walls and they soon returned to England.

Joan, in Thomas’ absence, coerced by her family into marrying William de Montague, s/o 1st Earl of Salisbury.

1341, Thomas returned from France. William de Montague refused to accept the validity of the prior marriage.

1342, Thomas served under Robert d’Artois on an expedition to Brittany in support of the Countess of Montfort.

5/2/1343, Thomas de Holand, knight, going beyond the seas, has letters nominating John de Holand, parson … (S) CPRs.

1343, Thomas a commander at the siege of Nantes under the Earl of Buckingham, and the assault on Vannes, France.

6/28/1346, Licence for Maud late the wife of Robert de Holand to enfeoff her son, Thomas de Holand, of the manor so Hals, Brackeleye and Kyngsutton, co. Northampton, said to be held in chief. (S) CPRs.

7/26/1346 at Caen, Thomas captured Raoul, Count of Eu, Constable of France, and Jean de Tancarville, Grand Chamberlain of France.

8/26/1346, Thomas a chief officer of the Black Prince at the battle of Crecy. [See Edward III.]

1346-7, Thomas at the siege of Calais.

6/16/1347, Gift to Thomas de Holand, in consideration of his having surrendered to the king the count of Eu, constable of France, his enemy, whom the said Thomas had lately taken as a prisoner of war, 80,000 florins with the shield, to be received within the next three years, … (S) CPRs.

A petition was submitted to annul the marriage of Joan and William and restore her marriage to Thomas.

1348, Thomas 1 of 25 founding members of the Knights of the Garter.

1348, the Black Prince gave his cousin “Jeanette” [his nickname for Joan] a silver beaker.

1348, the Black Plague began to spread in Europe. [England would loose about a third of its population.]

9/29/1349, Joan’s mother died.

5/31/1349, Thomas’ mother died; his older brother Robert her heir.

1349, Cardinal d’Albi approved the petition and declared the marriage of Thomas and Joan be made public.

2/8/1352, Thomas de Holand, ‘chivaler,’ going beyond the seas, … (S) CPRs.

8/24/1352, Grant to Thomas de Holand and Joan his wife, the king’s kinswoman, of 100 marks … yearly for the life of Joan … (S) CPRs.

1353, Joan age 25, heir to her brother John, Earl of Kent, by which she became Countess of Kent, Lady Wake, and Lady Woodstock.

5/24/1353, Thomas de Holand and Joan his wife, sister and heir of John, late earl of Kent granted a market and fair at Buttercrambe, North Riding, Yorkshire. (S) Gazetteer of Markets and Fairs in England and Wales to 1516.

3/11/1354, Petition of Thomas de Holand and Joan, his wife, the king’s kinswoman, patrons of the house of nuns of Wyrthorp … (S) CPRs.

3/18/1354, Thomas de Holand, going to Brittany [as captain of the duchy of Brittany] on the king’s service has letters nominating Roger de Mortuo Marie … (S) CPRs.

7/1/1356, Licence, for 52 marks … by Otto de Holand, for Thomas de Holand and Joan, his wife to grant … manors of Chesterfeld and Assheford, co. Derby … (S) CPRs.

5/12/1360, mandate to Thomas de Holand, captain and warden of the castle and town of St. Sauveur le Vicomte in Normandy, … (S) CPRs.

7/19/1360, Pardon … Robert Brymbald, … in the company of Thomas de Holand, earl of Kent, as John Chandos has testified … (S) CPRs.

11/8/1360, Licence for Thomas de Holand, earl of Kent, and Joan his wife, to grant for life to John de Holand the manors of Northwelde, co. Essex … (S) CPRs.

11/20/1360, Thomas summoned to parliament as Earl of Kent.

12/26/1360, Thomas died in Normandy; buried in the church of Grey Friars, Stamford, Lincolnshire.

[––– Edward & Joan –––]

5/18/1333, King Edward made his eldest son, Edward of Wodestok [the future Black Prince], earl of Chester.

3/17/1337, King Edward made his eldest son, Edward of Wodestok, duke of Cornwall.

1343, Edward of Woodstock, created Prince of Wales.

8/26/1346, Edward, age 16, hero of the Battle of Crecy in France. [See Edward III.]

9/26/1356, Prince Edward, the Black Prince, captured King John II of France at the battle of Poitiers; as well as killing 2000 French knights.

10/1359, Prince Edward with his father King Edward, sailing from Sandwich to Calais with 1,100 ships, again invaded France, eventually taking Saint-Florentin and Tonnerre. Edward reached Paris, setting the suburbs on fire, before turning back to Brittany [Edward decided a siege of Paris was not feasible.]

10/8/1361, The Archbishop of Canterbury informed the Black Prince by letter of the papal dispensation for Edward to marry Joan.

1361, in a private and then public ceremonies, Joan married Edward of Woodstock, the Black Prince, 1st son and heir apparent of King Edward III.

7/1362, the Black Prince and Joan moved to Bordeaux after Edward was named Duke of Aquitaine.

10/10/1362, Licence … are bound to render to the king’s daughter Joan, princess of Aquitaine and Wales, sometime wife of Thomas de Holand, and her heirs, … (S) CPRs.

1/6/1367, Prince Edward and Joan had a son, Richard, heir to the throne.

4/3/1367, John of Gaunt and his forces, having joined up with the Black Prince and his forces, crossed the Pyrenees mountains in winter, and won the battle of Najara, Spain. An estimated 16,000 soldiers died in the battle.

10/8/1370, Edward besieged the city of Limoges, against unruly local barons. When it fell Edward killed 3,000 of its inhabitants.

Edward, very ill, returned to Bordeaux, leaving his brother John of Gaunt as his lieutenant.

1/1371, the Black Prince was extremely ill, and in the same month his heir Edward died, he returned his family to England.

6/8/1376, the Black Prince died before his father [likely of illness contracted in Spain], buried in Canterbury Cathedral.

10/7/1376, Joan left 1000 marks in the will of her father-in-law King Edward III. (S) Testamenta Vetusta, V1, 1826, P11.

7/16/1377, Richard II crowned king of England.

8/7/1385 at the castle of Walyngford, Joan wrote her will: … To my dear son the King, my new bed of red velvet, … To my dear son Thomas Earl of Kent, my bed of red camak … to my dear son John Holland … (S) Testamenta Vetusta, V1, 1826, P14.

8/8/1385, Joan died at Wallingford castle; buried in the church of Grey Friars, Stamford, Lincolnshire. [It was said by Walsingham that Joan was "so fat from eating that she could scarcely walk".] (S) Mistress of the Monarchy, Wier, P216.

(S) Magna Carta Ancestry, P469.

Children of Thomas and Joan: [3 sons, 2 daughters]

i. Thomas de Holand (738714), born 1350 in England.

ii. John Holland, born 1352 in England.
1397, John, 1st Duke of Exeter [& 12th Earl of Huntingdon].
1400, John executed for treason against King Henry IV.

iii. Maud de Holand, born ? in England.
Maud married to Hugh de Courtenay, s/o Hugh de Courtenay, s/o Hugh de Courtenay, earl of Devon. (S) CPRs.
2/6/1365, Licience for Hugh de Courtenay, earl of Devon, to demise … remainder to Maud daughter of Thomas de Holand, late earl of kent, wife of Hugh, son of Hugh de Courtenay the earl’s son, … (S) CPRs.
Maud married Valeran III de Luxembourg, Count of Ligny and Saint-Pol.

Children of Edward and Joan: [2 sons]

i. King Richard II, born 1/6/1367 in England.
7/16/1377, Richard crowned king after the death of his grandfather.
1381, Richard led troops agains Wat Tyler and put down the Peasant’s Revolt.
1382, Richard married Anne of Bohemia. [No children.]
1388, Richard submitted to the 5 “Lords Appellant”.
5/1389, Richard declared himself of age, and dismissed the Lords Appellant.
1394, Queen Anne died.
1397, Richard dissolved the Lords Appellant, killing two of its members.
1399, Richard II was defeated by his cousin, Henry Bolingbroke, s/o John of Gaunt.
1399, Richard died in prison.

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