Friday, July 23, 2010

G22: 2954848

2954848. King Edward II & 2954849. Queen Isabella

4/25/1284, Edward II born in Carnarvon Castle, Wales; s/o 5909696. King Edward I & 5909697. Leonor of Castile.

8/19/1284, Edward became heir to his father when his older brother Alfonso died; and was taken from Caernarfon to Chester. [Edward had 3 older brothers who all died as children.]

5/1286, Edward’s parents left for what would be a 3-year trip to Gascony.

7/1289, Edward and 4 of his 5 sisters taken to Dover to greet his returning parents.

7/8/1290 at Westminster, Prince Edward with a train of 80 knights attended the wedding of his sister Margaret.

9/1/1290, King Edward I received a letter from his mother, Queen Eleanor, asking that he not take young Edward II on a trip to the north of England for fear of his getting sick from the cold.

11/28/1290, Edward II’s mother, Queen Eleanor died; leaving Edward her only surviving son as Count of Ponthier and Montreuil at age 6.

6/26/1291, Edward’s grandmother, Queen Eleanor died.

11/23/1292-4/13/1293, Edward lived at Langley, near St. Albans.

2/1293, Edward, with a large retinue and his brother-in-law John of Brabant, attended a tournament being held at Dunstable.

6/17/1293, Edward, sent on a royal tour of southern England, was at Mortlake, Surrey.

8/1293, Edward attended a hunting match in the forest of Ashley.

9/20/1293, Edward was in Bristol for the marriage of his sister Eleanor to the Count of Bar.

10/1293, Edward, holding a separate court at Montlake, visited by his new brother-in-law Henri III of Bar.

1295, Isabella born in France, d/o 5909698. King Philip IV & 5909699. Jeanne of Navarre. [The Knight’s Templar Grand Master, Jacques de Molay, was Isabella’s godfather.]

10 boys of nobility were placed in the royal household with Edward including Hugh le Despenser and Piers Gaveston.

1/18/1297, Edward II attended his sister Elizabeth’s wedding at Ipswich.

8/23/1297, Edward II left England with his father and 500 ships to attack France and assert England’s land rights. Because of the refusal of many barons, King Edward only had a small contingent of knights. The army sailed for Flanders to seek additional support. (S) Chronicles of the Age of Chivalry, 2000, P146.

8/27/1297, After the king’s crossing to Flanders, Edward, the king’s son, supplying the king’s place in England, in the castle of Tonebrigge, in his chamber there, in the presence of Sirs Reginald de Grey, … and Guncelinus de Badelesmere, knights, and of … delivered to the said Sir John de Langeton, the chancellor, the seal … [patent roll records then “tested” by Edward, the king’s son.] (S) CPRs.

10/9/1297 in Ghent, Edward II was with his father when King Edward and King Philip agreed to make a truce. The next day King Edward agreed to recite the Magna Carta, which was sealed with the Great Seal on the 11th of November.

3/29/1298, Edward II arrived back in England with his father.

6/19/1298, Treaty of Montreuil, which provided for King Philip IV’s daughter Isabella's future betrothal to Edward of Caernarvon. Philip was to give Isabella a dowry of £18,000.

1300, Edward with his father at the siege of Caerlaverock castle in Scotland.

2/7/1301, Edward created Prince of Wales and Earl of Chester during the parliament at Lincoln. [The first instance of English royalty officially having the title of “Prince”.]

1302, Edward granted his childhood home of Langley.

1303, Piers de Gaveston described in the royal household records as Edward II’s “socius” [companion].

5/20/1303, Edward betrothed to Isabella.

9/27/1304, Appointment of Edward, the king’s son to go to Amiens to do homage to Philip, king of France, for the duchy of Aquitiane. (S) CPRs.

7/1305, King Edward, during a falling-out with his son Edward II, sent many of his son’s household away, including Piers.

8/4/1305, Edward II wrote a letter to his sister Elizabeth asking her to get Queen Margaret to intercede on his behalf and get his friends returned.

10/13/1305, Edward the father and son reconciled at a banquet.

11/27/1305, Pope Clement V signed a dispensation to allow Isabella to marry at age 10. [King Edward rejected the proposal for the early marriage.]

5/22/1306 at Westminister, Prince Edward, Hugh le Despenser, Piers Gaveston, Roger de Mortimer and others [267 total] were knighted by King Edward I.

2/26/1307, King Edward I banished his son’s “companion”, Piers Gaveston, telling him to return to Gascony, until recalled; and granting him 100 marks a year. [Prince Edward gave Piers £260 and many gifts on his departure.]

7/7/1307, Edward II became king on the death of his father. Edward effectively abandoned the war with Scotland. [Over the next 7 years Robert the Bruce would drive the English out of all castles north of the Tweed except Berwick and Stirling.]

7/11/1307, King Edward II recalled Piers to England; reuniting at Dumfries in August.

8/6/1307, Edward made Piers Earl of Cornwall, arranged for him to marry Margaret de Clare, and awarded him a salary of £4000 a year.

12/26/1307, Edward appointed Piers as Regent while he was on his trip to marry Isabella. [This was very unpopular.]

1/25/1308 in Boulogne, France, Prince Edward married Isabella. [Upon returning to England with Isabella, Edward was met at Dover by Piers and is said to have repeatedly hugged and kissed Piers in front of everyone.]

2/25/1308 at Westminster, Edward crowned King Edward II of England. As custom, the Earls wore cloth-of-gold; except Piers, who wore regal purple trimmed with pearls. Piers also was last in the procession before the royal couple and carried the crown. Edward had ordered tapestries for the occasion with the arms of himself and Piers, not those of Isabella.

5/18/1308, The barons led by Henry de Lacy, Earl of Lincoln, again had Piers banished from England; but this time to Ireland as Lord Lieutenant. [And Edward gifted Piers and Margaret with 1180 marks.]

6/27/1309, Piers returned to England; his lands and titles restored soon afterwards.

10/18/1309, The earls of Warwick, Lancaster, Lincoln, Arundel and Oxford refused to attend a called parliament to be held at York because of Piers Gaveston’s presence at the side of King Edward. Later the earls of Gloucester, Pembroke and Richmond would also refuse claiming their approach would be unsafe. When King Edward moved the parliament to Westminster, the earls of Lancaster, Hereford, Warwick and Pembroke agreed to attend, but said they would come armed.

3/16/1310, Edward agreed to the formation of the Lords Ordainer, a group of 8 earls, 7 bishops, and 6 barons.

8/1310, Edward left for Scotland with Piers and the earls of Gloucester and Surrey. His expedition would last a year.

8/16/1311, having been recalled by the Ordainers, and leaving Piers in the north, Edward was presented with the restrictions imposed by the Ordainers; much of it based on accusations about Piers.

11/1311, Edward gave into the barons and again banished Piers; who was required to leave through Dover. [Piers wife Margaret was pregnant and did not accompany him.]

12/25/1311, Edward and Isabella spent Christmas at Westminster.

Edward departed for Yorkshire, picking up his pregnant neice Margaret, wife of Piers, along the way at Wallingford. [Margaret delivered her daughter Joan by mid January. Piers, still officially exhiled, arrived soon after by way of Nottingham.]

1/18/1311, Edward revoked Piers exhile.

2/1312, The Ordainer barons revolted, including Earl Humphrey de Bohun. They created a plan to capture Piers involving the earls of Pembroke [John de Hastings] and Surrey [Edmund FitzAlan], and Robert de Clifford and Henry de Percy.

5/10/1312, Edward left Piers at Scarbarough castle, Yorkshire to return to London.

5-6/1312, 5 barons involved in the capture of Piers Gaveston, besieging him at Scarborough castle.

6/1312, Piers Gaveston, taken by the barons, was placed in the custody of Amyer de Valence, Earl of Pembroke. Amyer made no resistance when the Earl of Warwick seized Gaveston and carried him off, turning him over to 3 other earls.

6/19/1312, Piers Gaveston, sometime Earl of Cornwall, King Edward’s favorite, was executed at Blacklow Hill, Warwickshire, by the earls of Lancaster, Hereford and Arundel. [Piers, apparently a good soldier and administrator, would be replaced by “favorites” who were vicious and power seekers – the law of unintended consequences. 7 Earls would be executed in a short 18 year span – the last English earl having been executed 236 years before. 1–Piers (who would have been an earl at his death if not forced out), 2 by Edward II, 3 by Roger de Mortimer, 1 by Edward III. In addition, 2 earls would be killed in battles.]

5/23/1313, Edward and Isabella left from Dover for a trip to France.

6/2/1313, Edward and Isabella arrived in Paris where 3 of Isabella’s brothers were to be knighted. King Edward participated with King Philip IV in knighting 200 plus.

6/5/1313, The silken pavilion in which Edward and Isabella were sleeping caught fire. Their possessions were destroyed and Isabella received burns to her arms.

6/19/1313 at Pontoise, France, Edward had 54 people dance naked for entertainment.

7/15/1313, Edward and Isabella arrived back in England at Dover.

10/13/1313, the Barons involved with the death of Gaveston, after submission before the king, were pardoned by Edward II with the “kiss of peace”. [Partly due to renewal of the war with Scotland – Edward II needed the support of the Barons.]

1314, Isabella testified in the adultery case in France involving her two sister’s in law Marguerite and Joan.

1314, Robert the Bruce was besieging the castles of Berwick and Stirling. Edward marched north with an army of 15,000 including 2000 armored knights. Robert, in response, deployed 8000 spearmen on a hill overlooking Bannock burn [brook], a tributary of the Forth. Robert held 500 mounted knights in reserve.

6/24/1314, Edward II lost the battle of Bannockburn to Robert Bruce. As the English attacked across the brook, Robert counter-attacked along a 2000-yard front. Edward attempted to flank the Scot’s left with archers, but they were driven back the Scot cavalry. The English front broke against the Scottish spearmen. It was the largest loss of English knights in a single day. Edward barely escaped. 4000 Scots were killed. Stirling castle then fell to Robert.

11/29/1314, King Philip of France died, succeeded by Louis X, age 25 [who would died within 2 years].

1/2/1315, King Edward buried Piers in the Dominican church at Langley after Piers’ excommunication was lifted.

4/1315, due to a famine in England caused by year-long rains and flooding, King Edward ordered the regulation of food prices. [The regulations were suspended in the parliament of 1316.]

6/5/1316, Isabella’s brother, King Louis of France died; followed soon by her infant nephew the heir.

1317, Edward founded King’s Hall at Cambridge [the 2nd college at Cambridge] to educated clerks for his Chancery. Its 32 members were known as King’s scholars.

3/15/1318, King Edward attended his stepmother Queen Marguerite’s funeral at Greyfriars Church. Queen Isabella and daughter Eleanor also attended.

8/1/1318, King Edward assigned dower to Isabella, daughter of Philip king of France, to the value of 18,000£ of petty money of Tours. (S) CPRs.

10/1318, Hugh le Despenser, the younger, confirmed as Chancellor by parliament.

Scottish allies of Robert Bruce invaded York and nearly captured Queen Isabella who was visiting the Archbishop. Learning of the invasion by a captured Scot, Isabella escaped by ship to Nottingham.

9/7/1319, Edward besieged Berwick-upon-Tweed. He had not brought siege engines and had to have them brought by ship. Learning of the invasion of York and the defeat at Myton of the Archbishop, Edward abandoned the siege and returned to England. [The Scots escaped by a western route which avoided Edward’s large army.]

12/21/1319, Edward signed a 3-year peace agreement with Robert Bruce.

6/1/1320, Edward granted High Peak in Derbyshire to Isabella to aid in the expenses of son John and daughter Eleanor.

6/1320, King Edward travelled to France to perform homage for his French lands in Gascony and Ponthieu to his overlord and brother-in-law, King Philip V.

10/6/1320, King Edward called a parliament at Westminster. Bishop Thomas Cobham wrote to Pope John, “the king, in the parliament summoned to London bore himself splendidly, with prudence and discretion, contrary to his former habit rising early and presenting a nobler and pleasant countenance to prelates and lords. Present almost every day in person, he arranged what business was to be dealt with, discussed and determined. Where amendment was necessary he ingeniously supplied what was lacking, thus giving joy to his people, ensuring their security, and providing reliable hope of an improvement in behavior.”

10/26/1320, Edward, back into his old behavior, ordered the Gower peninsula in South Wales to be taken into his own hands, prior to awarding it to his favourite Hugh le Despenser and trampling over the rights of the Marcher lords.

2/1321, Edward issued writs forbidding unlawful assembly because he knew Earl Thomas of Lancaster was meeting with large groups of norther barons.

4/1321, Edward confiscated the lands of his former favorite Hugh de Audley, the younger, who had attacked the Despenser estates at Newport [which Audley had previously held].

7/1321, Humphrey de Bohun appeared in London with a large force and took the lead in denouncing Edward’s favorites [the Despencers, who were forced into exile.]

10/1321, Edward II took to the field with a large army to oppose the lords in revolt in the Despenser War.

1/3/1322, Isabella’s brother King Philip V of France died without a male heir; her brother Charles succeeding.

3/10/1322, Edward defeated the forces of Earl Thomas of Lancaster [his cousin, grandson of Henry III] at the river Trent.

3/16/1322, at the battle of Boroughbridge, northwest of York, Edward defeated the forces of the Marcher lords and Thomas of Lancaster. The royalist forces were defending their position with dismounted men-at-arms and archers against an attacking calvary.

3/22/1322, Edward executed Earl Thomas of Lancaster for treason at his castle of Pontefract [one of the barons responsible for the death of Piers Gaveston. This also complicated Edward’s French connections because Thomas was the uncle of King Charles IV of France, Edward’s brother-in-law.]

Edward marched his forces into southeastern Scotland, but was immediately sent into retreat.

10/14/1322, Edward, fought the battle of Byland [20 miles north of York] against Robert Bruce, and was nearly captured by the Scots invading south at Rievaulx abbey; primarily by treachery of Andrew Harclay. This defeat compelled Edward to recognize Scottish independence [which would become official in 1328.]

2/1323, Queen Isabela and Eleanor de Clare both petitioned King Edward II on behalf of Joan, “our dear and well-beloved cousin”, wife of Roger de Mortimer (1249358), who had been imprisoned with his whole family. [Roger escaped and fled to France.]

3/3/1323, Edward had Andrew Harclay, Earl of Carlisle, executed for collusion with the Scot Robert Bruce; and then had his head placed on London bridge.

3/18/1323, Writ … for Edmund, earl of Kent, the king’s brother, appointed as lieutenant on this side of Trent against the incursion of the Scots … as the king proposes going South of Trent for recreation. (S) CPRs.

8/1324, King Edward began the “War of Saint-Sardos” with his brother-in-law King Charles of France.

3/1325, Isabella sent to France to negotiate with her brother, King Charles IV.

6/13/1325, King Edward and his brother-in-law King Charles signed a truce agreement.

9/1/1325 in Paris, Queen Isabella met with Archbishop John Stratford and others. The next evening, the Queen met just with John at dinner and suggested that her son, Prince Edward, be given all his father’s lands in France, and then the Prince would be able to do the homage that King Edward was reticient to perform. Together, the Queen and John took this suggestion to King Charles. King Charles accepted this idea, and the Archbishop was sent back to England to obtain King Edward’s approval.

9/12/1325 sailing from Dover, Edward, age 12, sent by his father to do homage to King Charles IV for his French lands. Archbishop John Stratford had in his possession a “safe conduct” letter for the Queen from King Edward commanding her to return “without delay” once the Prince had done his homage. [The Despensers requested King Edward not leave them unprotected in England, and he had to be worried about his numerous enemies gathered in France.]

Isabella gave multiple reasons for not returning to England at the request of Edward.

By 10/1325, Apparently Edward was in an affair with his neice Eleanor de Clare, wife of his favorite Hugh. King Edward frequently visited Eleanor, 11 times during the final year of his reign. His household accounts show he sent her gifts of jewels and golden chaffinches, and gave her lots of money. “Privy dining” is mentioned in the accounts, as well as medicines brought to them “when they were ill.” [There is also circumstantial evidence for a relationship during the same time between Edward and Hugh.]

11/1325, Queen Isabella sent word that she would not return until the “intruder” [Hugh le Despenser] between her and her husband had been removed.

1/21/1326, Edward founded Oriel College at Oxford; the 5th college at Oxford.

King Charles was not happy with his sister Isabella, who had fallen in love with Roger de Mortimer.

Isabella traveled to Hainault where she found support from Count William of Hainaut. [William’s daughter Philippa would marry Isabel’s son King Edward III.] (S) The Political History of England, Poole, 1905, P298.

9/24/1326, Roger and Queen Isabella invaded England, landing at Ipswich, joined up with Henry, Earl of Lancaster and other opponents of the Despensers.

9/27/1326, King Edward and both Despensers were in the Tower when they heard that the Queen had landed in England with a great army [which was incorrect – she only had 700 soldiers.]

10/2/1326, King Edward and Hugh le Despenser sailed from Chepstow, attempting to reach Ireland. They stopped at Caerphilly castle, Hugh’s residence, where £14,000 in cash was later found.

10/26/1326, Archbishop John Stratford arrived at Bristol seeking protection from Queen Isabella, and joined a council of supporters in proposing an alternative government under the rule of Prince Edward as “Keeper of the Relm”. [Hugh le Despenser (the father) the next day in Bristol.]

11/16/1326, Hugh le Despenser with King Edward and others captured in Glamorgan, Wales hiding in Neath abbey. [There is a supported theory that Hugh at this time was holding the King captive.]

12/1326 at Wallingford castle Queen Isabella and Roger kept a “ryall Christmasse”.

1/7/1327, Parliament deposed Edward II; Edward initially refusing their proposals.

1/13/1327, The lords mentioned came to the Guildhall, and in the presence of the Mayor, Aldermen and a great Commonality to the oath to safeguard Isabella, Queen of England, and Edward, eldest son of the king of England and heir-apparent, in their cause against Hugh le Despenser the younger and Master Robert de Baldock, … Earls: Thomas, earl Marshall, Edmund, earl of Kent, John, earl of Hereford; John, earl of Warrene … (S) CPR&Ms.

1/20/1327, Edward abdicated in favor of his son.

2/1/1327, Edward III, age 14, crowned king of England.

4/1327, Thomas de Berkeley and his brother-in-law John Mautravers received charge of deposed King Edward II. Removed from Kenilworth, Edward was taken to Berkeley castle.

6-7/1327, There was a [possibly] successful, but short lived rescue of Edward II from Berkeley castle. [Multiple attempts were supported by Welsh barons.]

1327, Roger instigates a plan to have captured Edward II murdered.

9/21/1327, Edward murdered [there is circumstantial evidence he actually escaped] in Berkeley Castle, Gloucester, England. William Beaukaire, a royal seargent-at-arms, was assigned to guard King Edward’s body. [Later joined by other watchers, initially William was the only person who stayed near the body.]

Thomas de Berkeley wrote letters to both King Edward III and his mother Queen Isabella informing them that King Edward II had died “of natural casues”. [In 11/1330 Thomas would state in court that he did not “know”, until told told in court, that King Edward II had died – very strange considering the letters he sent in 1327. It may have been that the death had been reported to him, and he had just reported what he had heard. Or it is possible he was referring to knowledge of King Edward having been “murdered”. Thomas accused Thomas Gurney and William Ockley as the men responsible. King Edward III could have had Thomas executed by the fact that he was by indenture liable for the well-being of the King; but chose instead to believe Thomas’ excuses and supposed lapses in memory.]

10/21/1327, King Edward’s body was taken to Gloucester Abbey.

2/1/1328, Isabella’s brother King Charles IV of France died. His wife later gave birth to a daughter. A 12-year-old law in France prevented a daughter from succeeding, but did not disallow succession through a daughter – thus setting up the claim to the throne of Edward III and the beginning of the hundred years war.

4/1/1328 at Wodestok, Queen Isabella granted for life to Reynaut de Belou, her yeoman, all the lands in Rue sur la mier which came to her by forteiture of Henri de Botiller, … (S) CPRs, 5/9/1328. 

6/1328, Roger and his lover Queen Isabella, stayed with Roger’s wife Joan at Ludlow castle after the wedding of 2 of their daughters.

9/14/1328 at Guildhall in London, Archbishop John Stratford came out in opposition to Queen Isabella and her extravagences. [Learning that Roger de Mortimer was plotting to have him killed, the Archbishop hid with the nuns in Wilton Abbey.]

1328, The Treaty of Northumberland recognized Scottish independence.

9/1329, Isabella made a will settling some of her properties on Roger. [There is evidence that she was pregnant with a child of Roger.]

3/14/1330, Roger executed Edward II’s half-brother, 28-year-old Edmund of Woodstock, Earl of Kent. [This act by Queen Isabella and Roger, execution of a King’s son, would quickly lead to their downfall.]

3/31/1330, Roger, in the name of King Edward III, ordered the adherents of the executed Earl of Kent to appear before the King [i.e. Roger and Isabella.]

5/19/1330, Queen Isabella wrote to Archbishop Stratford, starting with “Greetings and true love”, requesting money for Queen Philippa [wife of Edward III] who was about to give birth.

10/18/1330 at Nottingham castle, King Edward III, along with his courtiers John, Humphrey and William de Bohun [sons of Humphrey(4221746)] captured his mother Queen Isabella and Roger Mortimer [who was soon executed.] Isabella was escorted to Windsor where she was placed under house arrest.

12/1/1330, Isabella surrended her estates to her son.

12/21/1330, Isabella was escorted from Berkhampstede to Windsor to spend Christmas with her son. Isabella remained there for 3 months or more, sometime under the care of a physician.

4/19/1331, Isabella spent Easter with the court at Peterborough abbey.

1/1331, Edward III granted Isabella £3000 a year for life to provide for her estate. [Higher than what she had as the reigning queen. £40 qualified a male for knighthood.]

7/11/1331, Edward III granted his mother Isabella the castle and town of Hereford.

1/1332, Isabella wrote he son requesting money owed from 2 of her manors.

Isabella took up residence at Castle Rising.

1337, Queen Isabella’s yearly allowance raised to £4500; and she was given permission to make her will; most items going to Edward of Woodstock, her eldest grandchild.

6/1338, Queen Isabella with Edward III at Pontefract.

11/13/1340, Queen Isabella with Edward III at the Tower in London for his birthday.

12/1340, Queen Isabella in London to witness the transfer of the great seal to the new Chancellor.

1/1344, Queen Isabella at Edward III’s King’s Round Table feast at Windsor.

11/13/1344, Queen Isabella with Edward III at in Norwich for his birthday.

9/22/1345, Queen Isabella attended the funeral of Henry, Earl of Lancaster.

9/22/1345, Queen Isabella attended the funeral of Henry, Earl of Lancaster(5909946).

1348, King Philip VI of France suggested that Isabella and Jeanne d'Évreux, the widow of Isabella's brother King Charles IV, act as mediators between England and France in the hope of reaching a peace settlement between the countries.

1348, The Black Death entered the west countryside of England [likely entering through Bristol].

11/1348, The Black Death reached London where and estimated 30,000 died.

12/1354, Isabella spent Christmas at Berkhamstede.

1356, Queen Isabella ordered renovations to her palace of Sheen.

10/1357-4/1358, Isabella visited by her relatives, and captured King John II of France, her cousin; as recorded in her household book.

1358, Queen Isabella spent £1400 on jewelry.

4/23/1358, Queen Isabella at Edward III’s jousting tournament at Windsor.

6/13/1358-7/2/1358, Queen Isabella at Leeds castle, Kent with her daughter Queen Joan of Scotland.

8/22/1358, Isabella died Hertford Castle; buried in her wedding cloak, in Grey Friars, Church, London. King Edward II’s heart was placed on her breast in a silver casket.

(S) Queen Isabella, Weir, 2005. (S) The Lives of the Princesses of England, V2, Green, 1854.

Family notes:
• Edward buried 12/20/1327, his face was obscured during the funeral and a wooden effigy substituted for public viewing, the 1st time this was known to be done.
• 1329-30, Edmund, Earl of Kent and half-brother of Edward, was convinced he was still alive; even though he had attended his brother’s funeral.
• In the 1330’s Manuele Fiesch, a papal notary, distant cousin of Edward II, and future Bishop of Vercelli, wrote a letter to King Edward III claiming that King Edward II had escaped in the fall of 1327, spent time in Corfe castel in Dorset, and in Ireland, took a ship to northern France, travel on foot through France and eventually spent 2 weeks with Pope John XXII at Avignon, about 15 miles from “Beaucaire” – similar to the name of the guard of the king’s body.]
• 1/1329-30, William Melton, Archbishop of York, addressed a letter to a London merchant, asking him to co-operate with William Clif in aiding the “old king” when he is released, and writes about the delivery of clothes and money to Edward after his release. Note, this is at least 2 years after the supposed death of Edward II.
• 9/1338, A man calling himself “William the Welshman” met King Edward III near Koblenz in Germany, spent some time with him then, and a further three weeks with him in Antwerp in December. Edward III's Wardrobe accounts state: “William le Galeys who asserts that he is the father of the present king” and “William Galeys who calls himself king of England, father of the present king”. William Norwell, keeper of the Wardrobe accounts, served Edward II from 1313 until the end of his reign. Additional note, Edward II, born in Wales, never gave up his title of Prince of Wales to his son.
• Professor Roy Martin Haines, in his book “King Edward II”, tells of the legend that a non-murdered Edward II was a guest at his daughter Eleanor's wedding in 1322.

Children of Edward and Isabella:

i. King Edward III (1477424), born 11/13/1312 in England.

ii. Prince John of Eltham, born 1316 in England.
John, Earl of Cornwall.
1336, John died.

iii. Princess Eleanor, born 6/18/1318 at Woodstock in England.
6/16/1329, King Edward III proposed his sister Eleanor in marriage to the eldest son of King Philip of France.
5/1332 at Nijmegen, Eleanor married Reginald II, Count of Gelderland [died 1343.]
4/22/1355, Eleanor died; buried in Deventer abbey.

iv. Queen Joan, born 7/5/1321 at the Tower of London, England.
1329, Joan married to David II, King of the Scots [1324–1371].
1362, Joan died.

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