Tuesday, October 5, 2010

G23: 4997382

4997382. Earl Gilbert de Clare & 4997383. Joan of Acre & 60845796. Earl Ralph de Monthermer

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9/2/1243, Gilbert born in Christchurch, Hampshire, England, s/o 9994764. Richard de Clare & 9994765. Maud de Lacy.

1253, Gilbert 1st married to Alice de Lusignan, d/o 47249562. Hugh X de Lusignan. [Whom he later divorced to marry Joan.]

1262, 19-year-old Gilbert became the heir of his father and was put under the guardianship of Humphrey de Bohun.

After Gilbert’s father died, Llywelyn moved up the Usk valley, capturing the Brecon lands of Gilbert’s guardian Humphrey de Bohun.

1262, Ralph born in England.

7/8/1263, Grant to William de Valencia the king’s brother, … lands late of R. de Clare, earl of Gloucester, … and to Maud late the wife of the said earl the fruits in the manors of … And if happen not that Gilbert de Clare, son and heir of the said earl, should not prove his age at the feast of St. Giles, … (S) CPRs.

8/3/1263, Although still a minor, Gilbert was given possession of the Gloucester estates. (S) CPRs.

9/18/1263, Exemption for life of Gilbert de Clare from being disturbed before any justices by occasion of any general summons and from being amerced at any time for such reason. (S) CPRs.

10/17/1263, Summons to … Gilbert de Clare … to come to the king at Wyndsore with the horses and arms he brought with him at London, to treat of certain matters touching the realm, … (S) CPRs.

4/18/1264, Henry and Prince Edward broke Montfort and Gilbert de Clare’s siege of Rochester castle.

5/12/1264, Gilbert declared a traitor by the King.

5/14/1264, Gilbert sided with Simon de Montfort and commanded the center at the battle of Lewes in Sussex, where he took the King as prisoner. The Battle of Lewes gave Montfort practical control of the government.

6/6/1264, Commitment during pleasure to Gilbert de Clare, earl of Gloucester and Hertford, of the castle of Pembroke … of William de Valencia, with wardships … (S) CPRs. [Multiple lands assigned from many barons during this time.]

1264, Gilbert a leading figure in the massacre of the Jews of Canterbury, Kent.

7/18/1264, The king sent Gilbert de Clare, earl of Gloucester, and Simon de Monteforti, earl of Leicester, against adversaries of the king of the March of Wales. (S) CPRs.

9/16/1264, Power to H. bishop of London, Hugh le Despenser, the justicary [of England], Charles, count of Anjou, … to exam and amend the form of the peace between the king [Henry III of England] and the barons … the king wills that peace shall be made between him and the earl of Leicester … directed to … Gilbert de Clare, earl of Gloucester and Hertford, John fitz John, John de Burgo the elder, … Henry de Hastinges, Gilbert of Gaunt and the rest of the barons and magnates of England. (S) CPRs.

9/24/1264, As the king was informed … that Gilbert de Clare, earl of Gloucester and Hertford son of Richard de Clare, sometime earl of Gloucester and Hertford, is the heir of the said Richard, as was of full age on the feast of St. Giles, last, he restored tohim the castles and lands … the king … has taken the fealty of the said Gilbert … (S) CPRs.

11/1264, Gilbert no longer supported Montfort after he instituted reforms which eventually led to the English Parliamentary system of government by representation. However, when Montfort started acting “like a king”, Gilbert, Montfort’s 2nd in command, left London.

2/16/1265, Prohibition to Simon de Monte Forti, earl of Leicester, Gilbert de Clare, earl of Gloucester, Robert de Veer, earl of Oxford, Hugh le Despenser, justiciary of England, … going … to Dunstaple to tourney there, upon pain of forfeiture of all lands, … (S) CPRs.

6/1265, Gilbert met Prince Edward [who had escaped from Montfort] in Ludlow where they began to form an army.

6/28/1265, … Whereas Edward the king’s son and Gilbert de Clare, earl of Gloucester, together with John de Warenna, William de Valencia, Roger de Mortuo Mari, James de Aldithele, and other rebels now hold certain towns and castles throught the land … (S) CPRs.

8/3/1265, Gilbert commanded a division in the defeat of de Montfort’s army at the battle of Evesham, siding with Henry III and Prince Edward (later Edward I). This marked the end of the “Baron Revolt”.

10/9/1265, Pardon to G. de Clare, earl of Gloucester and Hertford, Thomas de Clare and John Giffard, and their household ; in consideration of their aid to the king and Edward his son at the conflict at Evesham, of all trespasses … and rancor for their having adhered to Simon de Monte Forti, … against the king in the battle of Lewes ; … (S) CPRs.

5/5/1266, Notification to Humphrey de Bohun, earl of Hereford, … the king has lent to his niece the wife of Gilbert de Clare, earl of Gloucester and Hertford, the said Richard’s castle of Kerdif to dwell in during pleasure ; … (S) CPRs.

8/20/1266, Grant to Gilbert de Clare, earl of Gloucester and Hertford, that he shall hold of the king all the lands he can conquer from the Welsh the king’s enemies without any claim by the king ; … (S) CPRs.

1266, Gilbert seized upland Senghennydd from the local ruler, Gruffydd ap Rhys. King Henry III had given him authority to take over the lands of those Welshmen in Glamorgan who had supported Llywelyn in the Baron Revolt.

8/3/1266, Grant of John de Verdon to Sir Maurice son of Gerald and lady Agnes de Valencia his wife, … Witnesses: Sir Edward and Sir Edmund, sons of Henry [III]; Gilbert de Clare, earl of Gloucester; … (S) CPRs, 11/1/1299.

By 1267, Llywelyn had conquered the greater part of modern Wales. Gilbert initially developed a good relationship with this powerful neighbor. The end of the Baronial revolt left Llywelyn as the only potential enemy of King Henry III. Llywelyn made peace, and by the Treaty of Montgomery in 1267 he was recognized as “Prince of Wales.”

3/26/1267, Although Gilbert de Clare, earl of Gloucester and Hertford, lately impleaded Maud his mother before the king touching the castle of Uske and certains lands in the March … (S) CPRs.

4/8/1267, Gilbert de Clare, as representative of the disinherited barons, captured London. (S) Chronicles of the Age of Chivalry, 2000, P100.

6/6/1267, Gilbert and King Henry came to terms and Gilbert turned the city over to King Henry.

3/14/1268, Appointment for Roger de Somery … view and hear the trespasses and excesses between Llewelin son of Griffin, prince of Wales, and Gilbert de Clare, earl of Gloucester and Hertford, … (S) CPRs.

4/11/1268, Gilbert’s workmen began building at Caerphilly. That summer, Llywelyn’s forces invaded upper and northern Senghennydd. A truce was arranged by the king, but the dispute dragged on for two years.

12/28/1268, Charter, grant to Edward the king’s son, with the assent of Queen Eleanor, the honor of Elge’ … Sealed with the seal of the king and in testimony of her good will, with the queen’s seal. Witnesses: – Gilbert de Clare, earl of Gloucester and Hertford, John de Warenne, earl of Surraye, William de Valenz, lord of Pembroc, … (S) CPRs.

1270, Gilbert dispossessed some properties of Morgan ap Maredudd, a local Welsh ruler.

10/13/1270, Llywelyn attacked and burnt some of the fortifications at Caerphilly.

6/1/1271, Gilbert started rebuilding. Llywelyn prepared for outright war, but the crown intervened and Llywelyn reluctantly accepted the promise of future arbitration over the ownership of Caerphilly. [This never materialized.]

7/1271, Gilbert formally separated from Alice.

1272, Joan born in Acre, Palestine, d/o 5909696. King Edward I & 5909697. Leonor of Castile. [Edward and Eleanor were on the 8th Crusade, and in Acre, when Joan, their 8th child, was born.] Joan was sent to live with her grandmother Jeanne de Dammartin in Ponthieu, France.

11/16/1272, Gilbert, on the death of King Henry III, made the proclamation of Prince Edward becoming king. [The Prince was returning from crusade.]

6/12/1274, Protection … going beyond seas with Gilbert de Clare, earl of Gloucester and Hertford. (S) CPRs.

8/19/1274, Gilbert, Earl of Gloucester, attended the coronation of King Edward I with a train of 100 knights. (S) The Lives of the Princesses of England, V2, Green, 1854, P219.

1275, Gilbert sent to France on a peace mission.

7/18/1277, Mandate … Gilbert de Clare, earl of Gloucester and Hertford, going with the King on his expedition in Wales against the rebels Llewellyn son of Griffith and his accomplices, … (S) CPRs.

[–––Gilbert & Joan –––]

1277, arrangements were bein made for Joan to marry Prince Hartman of the Holy Roman Empire.

1279, Joan, age 7, returned to England from living in Ponthieu, France with her grandmother.

1280, Joan was living in Windsor castle with her siblings.

11/15/1280, Licence for Gilbert to sport during the present season along all forbidden rivers in the counties of Somerset and Dorest and along the whole river of the Kenet. (S) CPRs.

1282, Prince Hartman drowned in Germany, ending the arranged marriage plans for Joan.

8/7/1282, Joan was with her parents on a visit to Ruhdlan castle in Flintshire, Wales when sister Elizabeth was born.

5/1283, Gilbert contracted to marry the King’s 11-year-old daughter Joan. [Gilbert was not really happy with this arranged marriage because of the possibility of dying before having a male heir.]

10/28/1283, Licence for Mosseus de Clare, Jew, to sell to Gilbert all debts owed to him by James Mascecreb, deceased. (S) CPRs.

4/25/1284, Joan present when Edward II born in Carnarvon Castle, Wales.

11/26/1284, Joan with her parents and siblings paid their devotions a the shrine of Saint Thomas of Canterbury [and the following February at the shrine of St. Edmund in Suffolk.]

5/1285, Gilbert wholly absolved of his marriage to Alice, granting her multiple estates.

By 1287, Gilbert de Clare had cleared the road to Brecon and had begun another castle on his new frontier at Morlais near Merthyr Tydfil. He came into conflict with Humphrey de Bohun, who disputed possession of the land and the castle at Morlais.

11/1289, Papal dispensation given for Gilbert to marry Joan.

1/18/1290, Edmund de Mortimer a witness when a trial was held concerning Gilbert’s attack on Humphrey de Bohun. (S) Knights of Edward I, V3, P207. King Edward I had to settle the dispute, and both individuals were fined.

4/30/1290 in London, Gilbert formally married Joan. Joan was attended by her sisters Eleanor and Margaret. Gilbert surrendered all his lands to the king. This disinherited his 2 daughters by Alice. [Unless they were already disinherited in 1285.]

5/27/1290, the king re-granted Gilbert his lands, with provision they would pass to the heirs of Joan.

Joan moved in with her husband at Tunbridge castle, then to a mansion in Clerkenwell near London.

7/8/1290 at Westminster, Joan and her husband, Earl Gilbert – with a train of 103 knights and 6 ladies, attended the wedding of her sister Margaret.

11/1290, Joanna visited her parents in London.

11/28/1290, Joan’s mother the Queen died.

1291, Earls Gilbert and Humphrey imprisoned for their private war. Gilbert was fined 10,000 marks as the aggressor.

1292, Joanna went to Wales with Gilbert and resided at Caerphilly castle, Glamorganshire.

1/22/1293, Joanna visited her brother Prince Edward.

1293, Gilbert, earl of Gloucester and Hertford, and Johanna his wife held the market and fair at Brasted, Kent. (S) Gazetteer of Markets and Fairs in England and Wales to 1516.

1293-94, Gilbert appointed Captain of the forces in Ireland. [Joanna traveled to Ireland with Gilbert.]

1294, the Welsh broke in revolt, led by Morgan ap Maredudd who Gilbert had dispossessed in 1270. Morlais Castle was captured, and half the town of Caerphilly was burnt, although the castle itself held out. Eventually the rebels surrendered to the King.

7/1294, Joan granted the marriage of her nephew Gilbert de Clare, Lord of Thomond, s/o Thomas.

12/7/1295, Gilbert, “the Red”, 8th Earl of Clare, 9th Lord Clare, 6th Earl Hereford, 6th Earl Gloucester died at Monmouth castle, leaving his estates to be administered by his widow; buried in Tewkesbury [on the 22nd]. (S) The History of Tewkesbury, Bennett, 1830, P174.

1/20/1296 at St Edmundsbury, Joan did homage to her father for the estates of her husband.

[–––Ralph & Joan –––]

1296, Leaving her children at Bristol Castle, under the care of persons appointed by the king, Joan retired to Wales with an escort squire, Rauf de Mehermer. [Ralph was in the service of her 1st husband Gilbert.]

Joan sent Ralph to her father the King requesting the favor of knighthood for Ralph.

1/1297, Joan secretly married 2nd Ralph de Monthermer.

Joan returned to England, where, at Goodrich castle, widow Joan de Valence, Countess-dowager of Pembroke, advised her to tell her father the King.

2/4/1297, Joan’s son Gilbert brought to her at Goodrich castle.

3/16/1297, King Edward was arranging Joan’s marriage to Amadeus, Earl of Savoy.

When King Edward found out; he ordered Ralph imprisoned in Bristol Castle and all of the lands of the Countess of Gloucester seized. [Note Edward did not refer to her as his “dearest daughter”.]

7/31/1297, All was forgiven between Joan and her father, and Ralph became a trusted knight of Edward. [But the children from the marriage were excluded from the “de Clare” inheritiance, and not all of Joanna’s lands were restored.]

8/2/1297, Ralph de Monthermer, knight, who had married Joanna, Countess of Gloucester and Hertford [by service of 50 knight’s fees], the king’s daughter, did homage to the king at Eltham, and afterwards to the king’s son [Joanna performed similar homage.]

Earl Ralph summoned to attend Edward, the king’s son, with horses and arms at Rochester.

7/22/1298, Ralph at the battle of Falkirk, the defeat of William Wallace. [Because of Ralph’s performance in Scotland, all of Joanna’s lands were restored.]

8/28/1297, Letters for Ralph de Monte Hermeri and Joan, countess of Gloucester and Hertford, his wife, staying in England, … attorneys in Ireland for two years. (S) CPRs.1298-9, the market at Bottisham held by Ralph de “Monte Hermeri”, earl of Gloucester and Hertfordshire and Johanna his wife. Ralph and Johanna claimed the market for the lifetime of Johanna, of the inheritance of Gilbert son of Gilbert de Clare, who was under age. (S) Gazetteer of Markets and Fairs in England and Wales to 1516.

5/31/1298, Confirmation of a demise for seven years by Ralph de Meenhermer, earl of Gloucester and Hertford, and Joan his consort, the king’s daughter, to Hugh le Despenser of the manors of Rowell and Navesby, co. Northampton, … (S) CPRs.

4/22/1299, Protection and safe-conduct, for one year, for Joan de Clare, countess of Fife, going with her household and goods to Scotland and returning. (S) CPRs.

1299, Joanna attended a feast given by Prince Edward in the Tower of London.

7/13/1299, Letters for Ralph de Monte Hermerii,earl of Gloucester and Hertford, and Joan, his wife, staying in England, … attorneys in Ireland for two years. (S) CPRs.

10/1299, Joan de Clare, countess of Fife, granted for life to John de Hastinges, lord of Bergeveneye, in satisfaction of a debt of 960 marks sterling … impossible for her to pay him through the grievance of the Scotch war … manors of … (S) CPRs.

1/8/1300, “Ralph de Monthermer, Earl of Gloucester and Herford, Viscount of Kilkenny” in Ireland.

3/21/1300, Queen Margaret, Joanna’s stepmother, presented silver cups to three of the damsels of the countess Joanna when she visited her mother’s grave.

3/28/1300, “Royal letters patent: inspeximus and confirmation of Magna Carta … Witnesses: … Ralph de Monte Hermerii [Monthermer] Earl of Gloucester and Hertford, … ” (S) UKNA.

1300, Ralph at the siege of Caerlaverock castle in Sctoland with “a banner of fine gold, with three red chevrons” [of the Earls of Gloucester], his own arms were “yellow, with a green eagle”.

2/12/1301 in Lincoln, Ralph signed the baron’s letter to the Pope. [Which had Ralph’s coat of arms on the seal back, the obverse of which has Ralph on horseback.] Joanna was also present at the signing.

1301, Edward I restored Tonbridge and Portland to Ralph and Joan in consideration of Ralph’s good services in Scotland.

9/27/1301, Joan was ordered by King Edward I to deliver her son Gilbert into the custody of Queen Margaret.

12/8/1301, Pardon to Thomas Calling of Erlescrich, co. Dorset, at the instance of Ralph de Monte Hermerii,earl of Gloucester and Hertford. (S) CPRs.

1301-2, “Philip Becard son of the late Sir John Becard, knight to Sir Ralph de Monthermer, and Joan his wife, the King's daughter.” (S) UKNA.

1302, A grant by the King allowing Ralph to hunt in all the royal forests in England.

1303-04, Joanna joined Ralph in Scotland at Dumfernline [where the King sometimes resided.]

7/28/1304, “Ralph and Joan Monthermer state that their ministers in their liberty of Kilkenny rightfully detained Blund and his fellows for various trespasses in Kilkenny castle …” (S) UKNA.

1/10/1305, Pardon to Ralph de Monte Hermeri,earl of Gloucester and Hertford, and Joan his wife of 340£ 5s prests made to the said Joan in the wardrobe, … (S) CPRs.

12/1305, Joanna was at court in London for the Christmas season when she received a golden clasp, studded with emeralds from her father.

4/1306, Joanna was at a mansion in Essex where she received a visit from her son Gilbert.

5/26/1306, Joanna at Westminster for the marriage of her 13 year old daughter Eleanor to Hugh le Despenser.

11/1306, King Edward bestowed the earldom of Athole on Ralph de Monthermer.

4/1307, Joan died at Clare manor, Gloucester.

4/23/1307, Joan and her stillborn child buried in the Augustinian Priory in Suffolk.

7/7/1307, King Edward I died.

1307, King Edward II granted Ralph 5000 marks for his surrender of the Clare lands to Joan’s son Gilbert.

11/16/1308, “Debtor: John de Huntley [Glos.], of Somerset. and Glos. Creditor: Sir Ralph de Monthermer, knight [Earl of Gloucester]. Amount: £15.” (S) UKNA.

11/8/1308, Ralph de “Monte Hermeri”, granted a market and fair at Llanfair-Discoed, Wales. (S) Gazetteer of Markets and Fairs in England and Wales to 1516.

12/3/1308, Grant to Ralph de Monte Hermerii of the custody of the lands of John, earl of Bogham, deceased … with the marriage of his heirs. (S) CPRs.

3/4/1309, Ralph summoned to parliament as 1st Lord Monthermer.

1/15/1311, Grant to Ralph de Monte Hermerii and to his sons Thomas and Edward, the king’s nephews, of the manor of Westeuderle, … (S) CPRs.

1/15/1311, Grant to Ralph de Monte Hermerii of the marriage of Joan, late the wife of Henry de Lacy, earl of Lincoln, … (S) CPRs.

11/17/1311, “Ralph de Mehermer requests the restoration of the manor of Tytherley, which had been granted to him as compensation for the manor of Warblington.” (S) UKNA.

9/3/1312, Appointment of J bishop of Norwich, … John de Britannia, earl of Richmond, Ralph de Monte Hermerii, and Edmund Deyncurt to prohibit the earls of Lancaster, Hereford, and Warwick from repairing to the king, as he understands they are doing, with horses and arms and a great body of armed men. (S) CPRs.

5/3/1313, Ralph de Monte Hermerii going beyond seas with a retinue in support of Isabella, queen of England, also going beyond seas. (S) CPRs.

1314, Ralph was taken prisoner at Bannockburn; but was treated as an honored guest by Robert Bruce, who allowed him to return to England without having to pay a ransom.

1/5/1315, Isabella, late the wife of John de Hastinges, staying in England, has letters … in Ireland … (S) CPRs.

1315, Ralph de Mehermer held the manor of Stokenham in Devon in chief of the king. (S) UKNA.

1316-7, Ralph, Keeper of the forests south of the Trent.

By 11/20/1318, Ralph married 2nd widow Isabel le Despenser without King Edward’s permission. [Isabel sister of Edward’s favorite Hugh le Despenser.]

8/12/1319, Pardon to Ralph de Monte Hermerii and Isabella his wife, late the wife of John de Hastinges, tenant in chief, of the 1,000 marks by which the said Ralph made fine for the trespass committed by the said Isabella in marrying him without licence. (S) CPRs.

9/19/1322, Licence for Ralph de Monte Hermerii and Isabella his wife, sometime the wife of John de Hastynges, to acquire lands and rents … remainder to Hugh de Hastynges and Thomas his brother, sons of the said John and Isabella, … (S) CPRs.

1321-2, “… manor of Stoke … The manor came into the hand of the king's father because of Matthew's wrongdoing, and he gave it to Ralph de Monthermer and the heirs of his body legitimately begotten …” (S) UKNA.

6/1325, Edward II displeased with his queen, Isabella, put his daughters Eleanor and Joan into Ralph and Isabel’s care. The girls and their new guardians stayed at Marlborough Castle. (S) CPRs.

1325, Ralph summoned as a baron to parliament.

4/5/1325, Ralph, “S. Radulfi de Monte Hermerii, Com. Gloverniae et Hertford,” age 63, died; buried at Grey Friars church, Salisbury. (S) Annals of Scotland, V2, Dalrymple, P19.

10/1326, Isabel returned the royal daughters to Queen Isabella at Bristol castle.

12/1327, Elizabeth de Clare attended King Edward II’s funeral, leaving her daughters in the care of Isabel, Lady Hastings.

6/1328, Isabel acknowledged a dept of £300 to Queen Isabesla.

7/6/1332, Licence for Isabella late the wife of Ralph de Monte Hermerii, and sometime the wife of John de Hastynges, to enfeoff Thomas her son … manor of Sutton Scoteneye, … to remain after their death to Hugh de Hastynges and the said Thoma his brother, … (S) CPRs.

12/4/1334, Isabel le Despenser died; buried at Grey Friars, Salisbury, Wiltshire.

(S) Caerphilly Castle, Derek F. Renn, Cadw: Welsh Historic Monuments, Cardiff, 1989. (S) Queen Isabella, Weir, P340. (S) Magna Carta Ancestry, P198. (S) Lives of the Princesses of England, V2, Green, 1857.

Family notes:
• A portrait of Gilbert is in a stained glass window at Tewkesbury Abbey.

Children of Gilbert and Alice:

i. Isabel de Clare, born 3/10/1262 in England.
1/7/1285, Pardon, at the instance of Isabella and Joan, daughters of Gilbert de Clare, earl of Gloucester and Hertford, to … (S) CPRs.

ii. Joan de Clare, born ? in England.

Children of Gilbert and Joan:

i. Gilbert de Clare II, born 5/10/1291 in Wynchecombe, England.
1307, Gilbert, age 16, allowed to succeed to the estates of his father and mother, with an annual income of £6000.
9/30/1308, Gilbert, in the presence of the King, married Matilda de Burgh, d/o 121684728. Earl Richard de Burgh & 121684729. Margaret ?.
1310, Gilbert chosen an “ordainer”, a group chosen in an attempt to curtail Edward II’s irresponisble behavior.
8/1310, Gilbert 1 of 2 earls that went with the army invading Scotland.
4/1311, 19-year-old Gilbert appointed Keeper of the Realm.
6/24/1314, Gilbert, 7th Earl of Gloucester and Constable of the Army, was killed at the battle of Bannockburn fighting with Edward II against the Scots [apparently because he was not wearing his surcoat which identified him as a noble that could be ransomed]. Gilbert is buried in Tewkesbury. Gilbert’s death meant the extinction of the de Clare male line. His Countess, upon his death, announced she was pregnant, delaying any distribution of the estates.
1320, Matilda died .
John de Clare; born 4/1312.
Bef. 1317, he died; buried in Tewkesbury in the Choir or in the Lady chapel.

ii. Eleanor de Clare (2954875), born 10/1292 in England.

iii. Margaret de Clare (60845659), born 1293 in England.

iv. Elizabeth de Clare (2498691), born 9/16/1295 in England.

Children of Joan and Ralph:

i. Mary de Monthermer, born 10/1297 in Marlborough castle, England.
11/4/1307, Mary married Scot Duncan MacDuff, Earl of Fife, s/o Joan de Clare, d/o Gilbert & Alice.
1371, Mary died.

ii. Joan de Monthermer, born 1299 in England.
Joan became a nun at Amesbury priory.

iii. Thomas de Monthermer (30422898), born 10/4/1301 in England.

iv. Edward de Monthermer, born 1304 in England.
Bef. 1340, Sir Edward died, his brother Thomas heir.

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