Wednesday, November 10, 2010

G23: 5909696 Edward I-Eleanor of Castile-Margaret of France

5909696. King Edward I & 5909697. Queen Eleanor of Castile & 11820333. Marguerite of France

6/18/1239, Edward born in England, s/o 11819392. King Henry III & 11819393. Eleanor of Provence.

1241, Eleanor [English spelling of Leonor] born in Castile, Spain, d/o 11819394. Fernando III & 11819395. Jeanne de Dammartin.

1242, King Henry, Queen Eleanor, son Edward and daughter Margaret at the consecration of St. Pauls’s in London where each made gifts of cloths of gold [each child presented a gift of cloth of arras.]

1246, Queen Eleanor stayed 3 weeks with her sick son Prince Edward in the Cistercian abbey at Beaulieu against Cistercian rules.

1250, Fernando III sought to marry his daughter Leonore to Theobald II of Navarre.

12/26/1251 at York, Prince Edward with three companions, dressed in gowns of gold cloth, accompanied his sister Margaret to the alter to marry Alexander III of Scotland.

4/27/1252, King Henry created his son Edward as lord of Gascony, retaining the title duke of Acquitaine for himself.

5/30/1252, Fernando III, “the Saint”, died in Spain; “Leonor” was with her father when he died.

8/1/1253, King Henry III of England empowered W. bishop of Bath and others to investigate a marriage between Edward, the king’s eldest son, and Eleanor, sister of A. king of Castile, with a dower of 1,000 marks a year. (S) CPRs.

8/6/1253, Edward, age 14, at Portsmouth to watch his father leave to fight in Gascony. [The potential rival being Alfonso X, the King of Castile.] Gascony had been promised to Edward by his parents.

2/14/1254, King Henry gave Lord Edward all of Ireland except Dublin, Limerick and Athlone, and lands in north Wales, and three castles in south Wales, 4 castles in Gascony, the Isle of Oleron, and the Channel Isles.

4/8/1254, “Mandate of the king to queen Eleanor and R. earl of Cornwall to cause Edward the king's eldest son and heir to have the homages and fealties due for all the lands which the king has given to him in England, Ireland, Wales and Cheshire, saving to the king the allegiance due to him.” [This was to make Edward marriageable in the eyes of a political match.] (S) Epistol√¶.

[–––Edward & Eleanor –––]

11/1/1254 at Las Huelgas in Burgos, 15-year-old Lord Edward married 13-year-old Eleanor. Edward was also knighted. [Child marriages were the custom of the time and she was then sent to London to live with Edward’s family for further education into customs and language. The marriage would not normally be consummated until the girl was 14 or 15. In Eleanor’s case it would appear that she didn’t live with Edward until she was 18 or 19; as her 1st child [of 15] was not born until she was 20.]

6/1256, Lord Edward visited his sister Margaret, Queen of Scotland.

6/15/1257, Bond by the king, Queen Eleanor and Edward their first-born son, to … citizens and merchants of Florence … in 10,000 marks … satisfy the king’s envoy to the court of Rome to the amount of 10,000 marks … Richard earl of Gloucester, William de Valencia, … Philip Lovel the treasurer, … the chancellor, have sworn on the gospels to see that these conditions are kept. (S) CPRs.

8/25/1257, Admission to the king’s peace of David son of Griffin, … and Oweyn his brother … shall keep the lands … which Llewelin son of Griffin, their brother now holds, … By K. Edward his son, William de Valencia, John son of Geoffrey, Philip Basset, Robert Walerand, Peter de Monte Forti and Roger de Monte Alto, steward of Chester. (S) CPRs.

1258, Edward initially supported Simon de Montfort and the Provisions of Oxford.

1259, Marcher lords Roger Clifford, Hamo Lestrange and John de Vaux were members of Lord Edward’s entourage [the “bachelors of England” including Henry of Almain, John de Warren and Roger de Leyburn], and distrusted and disliked by the Queen, when Edward made an agreement with Simon de Montfort pledging to the furtherance of reform. (S) Eleanor of Provence, Howell, 2001, P163.

1259, Lord Edward made a peace agreement in Wales with Marcher lord Richard de Clare, earl of Gloucester, who had decided to stop supporting Simon de Montfort. Roger de Clifford and Hamo Lestrange were instrumental in forging the peace.

1259, Lord Edward led Henry’s campaign against Welsh prince Llywelyn ap Gruffydd.

1260, With his father in France, Edward and Simon de Montfort proposed a parliament meet to address the invasion of the Marches of Wales by Prince Llywelyn. (S) Chronicles of the Age of Chivalry, 2000, P96.

5/13/1260 at Mortlake, Simon de Monte Forti, earl of Leicester, John, earl of Warren, Roger de Leyburn, Peter de Monte Forti, Roger de Clifford, and Hamo Lestraunge witnessed a charter of Edward, the king’s eldest son, to Robert de Tybetoto for his homage and service. (S) CChRs, 1906, P147.

1260, Edward reconciled with his parents.

10/13/1260 at Westminster, Edward knighted by his father with 80 other youths of noble birth.

1260-62, For about 2 years Lord Edward took a group of knights touring tournaments in Europe including: John de Bretange, Henry of Almain, 2 sons of Simon de Montfort, Roger Clifford, James Audeley, Hamo Lestrange, and William Bassingbourn. The 1st tournament they attended was in Paris, associated with the marriage of Robert of Artois and Amicia de Courtenay. (S) The Tournament of England, 1100-1400, Barker, P115.

6/29/1262, Lord Edward, with supporting knights, went to the Temple where the treasury was kept and removed £1000. This was part of a plan by his father to suppress the rebellion of young barons started by Simon de Montfort.

7/20/1263, Simon, having taken control of the government and London, forced Prince Edward to surrender Windsor castle. [This would end any support for Montfort by Edward.]

By 2/1264, Edward had returned to England with his knights and garrisoned the castle of Windsor where Eleanor would deliver her first child. [This would remain the residence of their children except for a brief period before the battle of Evesham.]

By 3/8/1264, King Henry had established his military headquarters at Oxford. Edward was sent to Wales to muster support and attack Simon’s sons.

4/6/1264, King Henry and Prince Edward attacked Northampton, the garrison surrendering the next day.

4/18/1264, Henry and Prince Edward broke Montfort and Gilbert de Clare’s siege of Rochester castle.

5/14/1264, Edward and his father captured by Montfort at the battle of Lewes, “at the Mill of the Hide”. An estimated 2700 died. Prince Edward and his knights penetrated the center of Montfort’s army, but was flanked on both sides by armored calvary.

8/12/1264, Henry and Edward brought to Canterbury to swear allegiance to the new government, which they did. [Henry and Edward were at this point effectively under “house arrest”, but traveled about the country in official capacity.]

1264-65, Simon de Montfort effectively ruled England.

11/1264, an attempt was made to free Edward at Wallingford. It failed, and Montfort had Edward and other hostages moved to more secure Hereford.

5/28/1265, Lord Edward escaped captivity by feigning participation in a horse race. He had the help of Thomas de Clare, whose brother Gilbert now sided with King Henry.

6/10/1265, Whereas … liberation of Edward the king’s son [hostage after the battle of Lewes] … has transferred himself to certain marchers and other rebels, and by so doing has shown himself an enemy, … the king commands all persons of Ireland to be indendant to H. bishop of Meath … and not to the said Edward … (S) CPRs.

1265, Edward named Warden of the Cinque ports.

Lord Edward, Gilbert and Thomas de Clare, and Edward’s half-uncle William de Valence succeeded in taking over much of the territory north and west of Hereford, and in particular the Severn Valley, splitting Montfort’s forces.

7/31/1265, Lord Edward defeated Simon de Montfort’s son Simon at the battle of Kenilworth, Warwickshire. Most of Montfort’s forces were captured, Simon taking refuge in the castle. [Simon eventually escaped and joined other opposition forces at Axholme.]

8/4/1265, Lord Edward defeated Montfort’s army at the battle of Evesham, ending the Baron’s Revolt and freeing his father, who was wounded. Montfort and 2 of his sons were killed. [Eleanor had sent archers from her mother’s county of Ponthieu in France.]

12/1265, Edward captured many of the remaining revolting barons at the Isle of Axholme in the fens of northern Lincolnshire. They surrendered under the promise that their lives would be spared. [Some of the barons that surrendered at Axholme joined forces with another group at Ely.]

Edward pursued and defeated John de Vesci at Alnwick.

Edward visited his sister Margaret at Roxburgh castle in Scotland. [Alexander III had sent 5000 troops in support of King Henry during the barons war.]

1/8/1266, Whereas certain sowers of discord … declarations, … Edward has been mortally wounded … Edward and Gilbert de Clare … dissension … the king has conferred lands … contrary to justice … which is the reverse of the truth, as the affairs of the king and his son are improving every day ; … (S) CPRs.

8/3/1266, Grant of John de Verdon to Sir Maurice son of Gerald and lady Agnes de Valencia his wife, in free marriage of the latter, all his lands … Witnesses: Sir Edward and Sir Edmund, sons of Henry [III]; … (S) CPRs, 11/1/1299.

5/1267, Edward suppressed the barons  at the battle of the Isle of Ely, in the fens of the Ouse River in northern Cambridgeshire. The rebels were under the leadership of John d’Eyville. [This battle ended the 2nd Barons War.]

1268, with England essentially at peace, Edward decided to join his uncle by marriage, King Louis, on the 8th crusade. [Louis promised Edward 30,000 marks for his participation.]

1269, Edward visited his sister Queen Margaret of Scotland. [On leaving, Edward left her the knight that had slain Simon de Montfort in battle, who later drowned in Scotland.]

1269, Preparing to leave on crusade, Edward and Eleanor left their children in the care of Edward’s uncle Richard, King of the Romans.

8/19/1270 from Dover, Edward and wife Eleanor, brother Edmund, and Henry of Almain, left on the 8th crusade.

9/18/1270, Grant to Eleanor, consort of Edward the king’s son, gone to the Holy Land, … admitted as his attorney for four years … Walter de Kancia. (S) CPRs.

11/10/1270, Edward arrived in Tunis to find that King Louis had died, the crusader forces had been decimated by disease, and King Charles of Sicliy, his uncle by marriage, had already arranged a peace treaty with the emir of Tunis. The French fleet returned the next day.

Edward, retreating back to Sicily, sent Henry of Almain back with the French to administer Gascony in his absence [Henry was assassinated on the return trip].

1/15/1271, Edward made a grant in Sicily witnessed by John de Verdun.

2/1271, King Henry wrote Edward of his ill heath and asked Edward to return home. [Edward did not.]

By 5/1271, Edward moved his forces to Acre; waiting for support to arrive [which never came.]

6/1272, Edward attacked by an Emir, faining an interest in negotiations, with a poisoned knife. Edward was wounded in the arm and forehead. He was saved by the skills of his surgeons.

9/1172, Edward, leaving soldiers to defend Acre, began his journey home.

11/16/1272, Edward ascended to the throne while on crusade. [His father died that day. Edward would learn of the death of Henry, his father, and Henry, his son, before arriving back in England.]

11/1272, Edward arrived at Sicily where he met with Charles of Anjou; who had led the return of the French crusaders in 1270 after the death of his brother King Louis IX. Charles offered condolences on the death of Edward’s father and son.

1273, Edward traveled over land through Italy, across the alps, and into Savoy, where he was met by English prelates and barons.

6/25/1273 in Savoy, Edward was hosted at St. Georges d’Esperanche castle where Count Philip did homage for 4 castles.

1273-74, King Edward traveled through Gascony where he had to suppress a rebellion of Gaston, vicomte of Bearn, who took refuge in a fortified castle. [Gaston had rebelled against Edward’s father in 1253.]

5/1274, Edward proceeded through Burgundy, where he was challenged by Piers, count of Chalons, to a tournament. [Tournaments, as opposed to jousting, were armed conflicts between competing teams.] King Edward’s team won the fiercely fought tournament, which became known as the “Little War of Chalons.”

7/26/1274, Edward arrived in Paris where he performed homage to French King Philip III for his lands in France.

8/2/1274, Edward, Eleanor, and Edward’s brother Edmund arrived back in England. Edward, Knight, had improved his reputation during the crusade. His nickname became “Longshanks”.

8/19/1274 at Westminster abbey, Edward’s coronation as King Edward I of England, and Eleanor crowned Queen.

1275, Eleanor loaned £1000 to William de Fiennes, a relative, so that he could provide a dowery for his sister Maud.

6/1275, King Edward granted Queen Eleanor all the debts of John fitz Alan.

1275, King Edward employed commissioners to tour the country in an effort to obtain information on local officials; to be used to end inefficiency and corruption.

9/11/1275, An earthquake shook southern England.

10/13/1275, King Edward and parliament passed a law saying that Jews could no longer loan money at interest. [Jews were considered the king’s personal property.]

2/1276, Gaston, vicomte of Bearn, having appealed to King Philip III of France, surrendered to King Edward, who immediately sent persons to secure Gaston’s lands in Gascony. [Gaston was imprisoned, set free in 1277, and reconciled to King Edward in 1279.]

1/26/1277, Request [by king Edward] … to not molest … in bringing to the kingdom 18 great horses … bought … for the Welsh war, in accordance with a grant of Philip, king of France, allowing such horses to be bought. (S) CPRs.

6/1277, King Edward was in Chester where he cleared a road through a dense forest, and started construction on the castles of Flint and Rhuddlan. King Edward made forays into the Welsh lands of Llywelyn ap Gruffydd, prince of Wales, capturing Snowdonia and the isle of Anglesey.

11/11/1277, King Edward returned to London with Llywelyn, who had agreed to do homage for his lands;  incorporating Wales into England.

4/1278, Eleanor was at Devizes where her daughter, Eleanor – now settled with the kingdom in default of a male heir, joined her.

1278, Edward’s mother and aunt Queen Margaret proposed a marriage between Edward’s daughter Joan and Hartmann, s/o Rudolph of Habsburg, recently made King of the Romans. [Before 5/1282, Hartmann died suddenly, ending the possible marriage.]

1278, At Glastonbury abbey, the supposed tombs of King Arthur and Queen Quinevere were opened in the presence of King Edward, Queen Margaret, and many nobles.

1278, King Edward ordered the arrest of all Jews found clipping coins in England; followed quickly by an order to arrest goldsmiths. [Over 300 Jews were hanged.]

3/15/1279, Eleanor inherited Ponthieu, France on the death of her mother.

3/21/1279, Power to Edmund, earl of Lancaster and count of Champagne, the king’s [Edward I] brother, … to exact from Philip, king of France, the king’s kinsman, the county of Ponthieu, which by the death of Joan, queen of Castile and countess of Ponthieu, falls by hereditary right to Eleanor, the king’s consort. (S) CPRs.

5/21/1279, King Edward ordered that no clipped money was to be accepted in the realm. For each pound of clipped coin turned in, the king would give back and pound in new money, and an additional 16 pennies.

1280, King Edward ordered all Jews to attend special sermons, preached by Dominican friars, with the hope of persuading them to convert.

12/1281–2/1282, A heavy fierce winter and heavy snow froze the Thames and collapsed sections of London bridge.

1282, Marguerite born in France, d/o 23640666. Philip III & 23640667. Marie Brabant, half-sister of Philip IV [father of Isabella of France who married King Edward II].

1282, Edward left for a Wales expedition taking Queen Eleanor and daughter Eleanor. Edward set up residence at Rhudlan castle, Flintshire, where he held court.

12/1282, Edward defeated Llewelyn ap Gruffydd at the battle of Radnor in eastern Wales. Edward received the head of Llywelyn at Rhuddlan castle.

4/20/1283, King Edward granted Queen Eleanor all issues of concealed goods and chattles of condemned Jews and from all transgressions of coin. (S) Eleanor of Castile, Parsons, P78.

1283, King Edward continued his Welsh campaign, capturing and executing Dafydd, brother of Llewelyn; completing the conquest of Wales.

Edward became concerned about the power of Gilbert de Clare who controlled over 500 manors in England, Wales and Ireland. He decided that he had to find a way of guaranteeing his loyalty.

1283, Edward suggested that Gilbert divorce his wife Alice, disinherit her children, and marry Joan, his 11 year old daughter.

11/25/1283, King Edward visited the shrine of St. Wulfstan in Worcester.

3/3/1284, Edward implemented the Statute of Rhuddlan. The Statute divided Wales into the counties which were created out of the remnants of Llewelyn’s Kingdom of Gwynedd. It introduced the English common law system, and allowed the King to appoint royal officials.

1284, King Edward held a tournament at Nefyn to celebrate the conquest of Wales.

11/26/1284, King Edward, Queen Eleanor, and daughters Eleanor, Joan and Margaret paid their devotions a the shrine of Saint Thomas of Canterbury [and the following February at the shrine of St. Edmund in Suffolk.]

1285, King Edward is named executor in the will of his maternal granduncle Philip, Count of Savoy.

9/8/1285, Edward created 44 knights at Winchester.

10/5/1285, Marguerite’s father, King Philip III of France died. Marguerite was placed in the guardianship of her half-brother, King Philip IV; and educated by her mother Queen Marie.

6/24/1286 from Dover, Edward and Eleanor traveled to Gascony where they would stay for 3 years. [9 knights were assigned to guard the royal children.]

1287, while in Gascony, a lightning strike killed 2 people in a room occupied by the royal couple.

8/1289, Edward and Eleanor returned to England.

1290, Edward obtained considerable wealth by expelling the Jews from England and seizing their property.

9/8/1290 at Torpel, Queen Eleanor affixed her seal to a document of her son-in-law John of Brabant in lieu of her daughter Margaret’s seal.

11/1/1290, King Edward ordered all Jews to leave the kingdom on pain of death. Edward seized all of their property, and took over all the debts owed to them.

11/28/1290, Eleanor died of a fever at Harby in Nottinghamshire about 8 miles from Lincoln. Her body was immediately carried to St Catherine’s Priory in the south of Lincoln where she was embalmed. Her viscera was sent for burial in Lincoln Cathedral and her body was sent to London for burial in Westminster Abbey, where she lies at the feet of her father-in-law King Henry III. Her heart, which traveled with the body, was buried in Blackfriars Church. Edward erected 12 memorial crosses, 1 at each site where the body stopped on the way to London [3 of the crosses still exist.]

5/10/1290 at Norham [on the Scottish border], King Edward called the Scottish nobles to him, for them to hear records read which documented the Scots’ kings paying homage to the English kings.

6/26/1291, King Edward’s mother died.

1292, King Edward arbitrated the dispute over the Scottish crown in favor of John de Baliol.

9/20/1293 at Bristol, the royal family attended the wedding of the eldest daughter Eleanor.

1294, Edward was involved in a long war to protect lands in Gascony from Philip IV of France.

1295, Edward’s “Model Parliament” established a pattern for the Commons, with 2 knights from each county and 2 burgesses from each town. [1st implemented by Simon de Montfort.]

1295, King Edward ordered by writ that no one was to take duck eggs.

3/30/1296, Edward captured Berwick-upon-Tweed, an important Scottish port of northeast England, sacked the town and massacred thousands of its inhabitants.

4/27/1296, Edward invaded Scotland with a force of 25,000 and won the battle of Dunbar against the forces of John Comyn and his son.

6/14/1296, Edward captured Stirling castle, and then Edinburgh castle in an 8 day seige. The defeat was such that the Scot king, John de Baliol, abdicated and went into exile in France.

1297, The English nobles rebelled, forcing Edward to grant Parliament control over taxes.

8/23/1297, Edward left England with 500 ships to attack France and assert his rights. Because of the refusal of many barons, Edward only had a small contingent of knights. The army sailed for Flanders to seek additional support.

9/11/1297, English forces under the command of John, Earl of Surrey, were defeated at the battle of Stirling Bridge by Sir William Wallace (from the movie “Braveheart”).

10/9/1297 in Ghent, King Edward and King Philip agreed to make a truce. The next day King Edward agreed to recite the Magna Carta, which was sealed with the Great Seal on the 11th of November.

12/25/1297, King Edward and youngest daughter Elizabeth visited the city of Ghent where he was met by his daughter Eleanor who asked for help for her imprisoned husband; and by daughter Margaret, Duchess of Brabant, and her husband. [After this Edward made a short trip to Brabant to visit his daughter Margaret.]

3/29/1298, King Edward arrived back in England.

6/19/1298, Treaty of Montreuil, which provided for King Philip IV’s daughter Isabella's future betrothal to Edward of Caernarvon. Philip was to give Isabella a dowry of £18,000, and once she became Queen of England, she was to have in dower all the lands formerly held by Eleanor of Castile, which were in the interim to be settled by Edward I on Marguerite; who was to marry King Edward I, these amounted to £4,500 per annum. Should Edward I default on the treaties, he would forfeit Gascony; if Philip defaulted, he would pay Edward a fine of £100,000. [The treaty had to be ratified by both kings and the pope.]

6/24/1298, Edward, at Northumberland, created multiple new knights.

7/22/1298, Edward defeated Sir William Wallace at the battle of Falkirk, Scotland. The Scots defensive position was strong, but based on spearmen with support of some cavalry and archers. Edward’s armored knights were repulsed by the amassed spear points. Edward brought up his Welsh longbowmen. They cut gaps into the Scottish ranks through which the mounted English knights could charge. The Scots were routed, but Wallace escaped.

7/14/1299, King Edward ratified the treaty of peace he made with Philip, king of France, at Mustroil [Montreuil]. (S) CPRs.

1299. King Edward prohibited the use of foreign coins for commercial transactions.

 [–––Edward & Marguerite –––]

9/8/1299, Marguerite set sale from France for Dover.

9/10/1299 at Cantebury, Edward married 2nd Marguerite, a “marriage of peace”. [Marguerite being Edward’s first cousin, once removed.] As a wedding gift, King Edward gave Marguerite a gold coronet and a gold belt that once belonged to her great-grandmother Blanche of Castle, Queen of France.

1299, Maguerite’s household was initially merged with that of her stepson lord Edward.

2/7/1301, King Edward named his son Prince Edward the “Prince of Wales”. [The first instance of English royalty officially having the title of “Prince”.] That year Edward again attacked Scotland.

6/1301, Edward attacked Scotland and removed the Scot’s ancient coronation stone from Scone, installing it at Westminster.

1302, Edward forbid all tournaments in England [many young knights were killed in tournaments.] (S) Berkeley Manuscripts: Abstracts and Extracts, Fosbroke, 1821, P103.

1/1303, Lord Edward sent his stepmother Marguerite a ruby as a new year’s gift.

3/22/1303, Power [by King Edward]  to … and Henry de lacy, the king’s kinsmen, … to make a treaty of confederacy with the envoys and proctors of Philip, king of France, against all men except the Pope. (S) CPRs.

11/1303, Lord Edward sent his stepmother Marguerite and members of her household gifts worth 50£.

1303, Edward again invaded Scotland; Marguerite accompanied him on the quest.

9/7/1303, King Edward’s treasury was robbed.

1/1304, King Edward gave Marguerite a gold cup and gold pitcher as a new year’s gift.

4/1304, King Edward started the 90-day siege of Stirling castle.

7/20/1304, At the fall of Stirling castle, King Edward accepted the surrender without ordering the deaths of any of the resistors, who’s leaders were imprisoned in various castles in England.

11/1304, with Edward in Scotland, Queen Margaret had her step-children Edward and his sister Mary visit her.

12/1304, Queen Margaret kept her Christmas court at Dunfermline.

1305, Queen Margaret became a liason between King Edward and his son lord Edward. Lord Edward wrote letters to his stepmother asking her to intercede, especially with respect to issues of Peter de Gavaston.

8/23/1305 in London, Edward executed William Wallace [Braveheart] at Tyburn, who had been captured in Glascow, Scotland.

12/1305, Queen Margaret visited her step-daughter Mary at Amesbury abbey.

Queen Marguerite’s sister Blanche, duchess of Austria, died.

5/22/1306, 267 men knighted, including his son Prince Edward, by King Edward I in London at Westminster abbey. [A call had been sent out to “all who are not knights but wish to be”.] The King and Queen had hosted a grand tournament at Westminster palace.

3/5/1306, Robert the Bruce had himself crowned king of Scotland. Although 67 and in bad health, Edward marched north with his army.

12/1306, Queen Margaret moved her Christmas court to Westminster, where it would be held in the succeeding years.

2/26/1307, Edward banished his son’s “companion”, Piers Gaveston.

6/25/1307, Amyer, Earl of Pembroke, defeated by Bruce at the battle of Loudon Hill. Edward, confined to a litter, decided to take personal charge of the campaign.

7/7/1307, at Burgh by Sands, near Carlisle, Edward died of dysentery; buried in Westminster Abbey with the inscription “Hammer of the Scots.” King Edward’s dying request was that his son should carry his bones with his army until Robert Bruce was defeated [This did not happen – Scotland remained independent until 1707.]

1/25/1308 in Boulogne, France, Marie present when Prince Edward married her neice Isabella. Many of Marguerite’s French realtives were present, including her mother.

Bef. 5/1308, Marguerite and King Philippe IV [father of Edward II’s wife] offered monetary support to the barons opposing Piers de Gavaston as earl of Cornwall.

10/1317, King Edward II confiscated Marguerite’s castles of Gloucester and Berkhamstead [but returned them soon after.]

2/14/1318, Marguerite died at her castle of Marlborough, Wilts.

King Edward II appointed her sons Thomas and Edmund as executors of her will.

Aft. 3/8/1318, Marguerite’s body was moved to London.

3/15/1318, King Edward attended his stepmother’s funeral at Greyfriars Church.

(S) The student’s Text-book of English and General History, Dorothea Beale, 1858. (S) Dictionary of Battles, Eggenberger, 1967. (S) The Lives of the Princesses of England, V2, Green, 1854. (S) Edward I, Prestwich, 1988. (S) Chronicles of the Age of Chivalry, 2000.

Family notes:
• In 1296, the royal library had 3 books which were kept with the jewels: a book of chronicles, “Roman de Guillaume le conquerant” – given by Queen Eleanor of Provence, a work of Palladius Ratilus on agriculture. [In 1300 the library received several additions.]

Children of Edward and Eleanor: [15 children]

i. Eleanor Plantagenet, born 6/1264 in Windsor castle, England. [Eldest daughter]
Eleanor 1st pledged to marry Peter of Aragon [then the heir] when her father was returning from the crusades.
Aft. 12/1274, King Edward settled the kingdom on Eleanor in default of a male heir.
2/15/1281, Eleanor sent her own letter to Aragon to establish her wedding plans.
8/15/1282, Eleanor was wed to Alfonso of Aragon [now the hier] by proxy [John de Vescy standing in for Eleanor.]
6/1291, King Alfonso III died before a planned July wedding.
9/20/1293 at Bristol, Eleanor married Henry III, Count of Bar [died in 1302 on crusade; buried at Naples.]
1294, Eleanor, expecting her 1st child, left England for Bar. [An area bordering France and Germany.]
1297, Duke Henri was captured by the French near Comines and imprisoned in France.
8/29/1298, Eleanor died in Ghent; buried at Westminster in England.
Edward I, Count of Bar, 4/1296–1336. [As eldest son of the eldest daughter, he was then 2nd in line for the crown of England. He died on crusade at Famagosta, Cyprus.]
Jeanne “demoiselle de Bar”, born 1297. [Returned to England, she married Earl John de Warren, s/o William.]

ii. John Plantagenet, born 7/10/1266 in Kenilworth castle, England.
1272, John died while his parents were on crusade, leaving brother Henry as heir.

iii. Henry Plantagenet, born 1268-9 in Windsor castle, England.
1272, Henry died at Merton.

iv. Princess Joan of Acre (4997383), born 4/1272 in Acre, Palestine.

v. Alphonso Plantagenet, born 11/24/1273 in Gascony, France.
By 12/1274, Alphonso became heir when his older brother Henry died.
1284, Alphonso died; leaving his brother Edward as heir.

vi. Margaret Plantagenet, born 3/15/1275 at Windsor castle in England.
1278, Margaret betrothed to Jan II of Brabant, s/o John, Duke of Brabant.
4/20/1285, Jan, age 15, arrived in England to be educated.
7/8/1290 at Westminster, Margaret married to Jan. [Jan had only 8 knights, but was accompanied by 60 ladies.]
Jan returned with his father to Brabant. [Jan would return to visit England frequently.]
6/1294, Jan succeeded as Duke of Brabant. [John’s father died in a tournament in Bar associated with the wedding ceremonies of her older sister Eleanor.]
By 2/1297, Margaret joined her husband in the city of Brussles.
12/25/1297, Jan and Margaret met her father at Ghent for Christmas.
2/24/1308 in London, Jan and Margaret at the coronation of her brother Edward II.
10/1311, Jan and Margaret, at the request of her brother King Edward II, received Piers Gaveston in exile.
10/27/1312, Jan “the Pacifist” died; buried at St. Gudule.
1318, Margaret died; buried in Brussels with Jan.
Jan III of Brabant, born 1300 in Brussels.

vii. Mary Plantagenet, born 3/1279 at Woodstock in England.
8/15/1285, age 7, Mary became a nun at Amesbury Abbey, Wiltshire; going with her grandmother Queen Eleanor of Provence. [13 companions of noble birth were also admitted.]
4/2/1290, Mary joined her family to celebrate Easter at Woodstock.
1291, Mary veiled as a nun in the presence of her father and siblings. [Mary, by prior arrangement associated with the death of her grandmother, was supposed to be sent to Fontevraud abbey in France, but Edward did not send her.]
Mary was often at court, or being visited by her siblings, and had an annual allowance of £200.
2/7/1308, Mary was at Dover to meet her returning brother and his new wife.
1327, on the death of her brother, her nephew Edward III recomfirmed the gifts to her from his father.
5/29/1332, Mary died at Amesbury where she was buried.

viii. Princess Elizabeth (5909949), born 8/7/1282 in Rhuddlan Castle, Flintshire, Wales.

ix. King Edward II (2954848), born 4/25/1284 in Carnarvon castle, Wales.

Children of Edward and Marguerite:

i. Earl Thomas of Brotherton (5910166), born 6/1/1300 at Brotherton, North Yorkshire, England.

ii. Prince Edmund of Woodstock (2954858), born 8/5/1301 in England.

iii. Eleanora Plantagenet, born 1305-6 in England. [Died a child.]