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Bef. 8/25/1290, in Paris, Philip, king of France, agreed to the marriage settlement of Thomas, eldest son of Edmund, brother of King Edward I of England, and Beatrice, daughter of Hugh, son of the duke of Burgundy. (S) CPRs.
1293, Philip purchased Maguellone and part of Montpellier.
1294, Edmund, Earl of Lancaster, “tricked” into allowing Philip “temporary” possession of Gascony. [Once Philip had his knights in place, he kept possession.] Edward I had renounced his homage requirement of 1286. Philip IV was trying to make ties with the Scots, and Edward I was creating allies on the continent.
8/1295, 600 French ships and 30 galleys attacked Dover. From England, 80 ships and 5 galleys attacked the coast of Normandy. In the same month, there was a small engagement of English and French ships near Winchelsea, England.
1302, Enguerran de Marigny the officer in charge of Jeanne’s pantry. [Enguerran went on to become Philip’s guardian of the treasury and confidant.]
7/11/1302, Philip’s forces defeated by Flemings at Courtrai [aka Battle of the Golden Spurs], West Flanders.
1307, By ordinance King Philip defined the Parliament, which met in the royal palace in Paris, as an assembly with judicial and financial powers, but not legislative.
7/7/1307, King Edward I of England died.
3/1309, The Papal court was removed from Rome to France where the Pope was provided with a refurbished palace and fortified castle at Avignon by Philip. [Avignon was then in the imperial fief of the King of Sicily.]
1314, Philip presided over the trial and execution of 2 knights charged with adultery with his daughters-in-law Marguerite, Joan and Blanche. [Marguerite and Blanche were convicted, Joan was cleared.]
• The appearance of legists in the Government of France is one of the leading events of the reign of Philip IV. Renan explains its significance in these words: "An entirely new class of politicians, owing their fortune entirely to their own merit and personal efforts, unreservedly devoted to the king who had made them, and rivals of the Church, whose place they hoped to fill in many matters, thus appeared in the history of France, and were destined to work a profound change in the conduct of public affairs.” Legists were called the chevaliers de l'hôtel, the chevaliers ès lois, the milites regis; they were not nobles, neither did they bear arms, but they ranked as knights.
• Queen Jeanne, in her final years, had Jean, sire de Joinville, produce his great work Le Livre des Saintes Paroles et des Bons Faiz de Notre Roy Saint Looys, published 1305-06.
• Note: 6 French kings died in the span of 68 years.
Children of Philip and Jeanne:
i. King Louis X, born 10/1289 in France.
Louis married Marguerite, d/o the Duke of Burgundy.
King Louis readmitted the Jews to France.
6/5/1316, King Louis “the Quarreler” died. [Louis' posthumous son died an infant.]
ii. King Philip V, born 1292 in France.
1307, Philip married Joan, eldest d/o Otto IV, Count of Burgundy.
1/3/1322, King Philip “the Tall” died without a male heir.
iii. King Charles IV, born 6/1294 in France.
1308, Charles married Blanche, d/o Otto IV, Count of Burgundy. [Annulled]
Charles married Marie, d/o Henry VII, Holy Roman Emperor.
1325, Charles married Jeanne d’Evreux, his cousin.
2/1/1328, Charles died without a male heir; the end of the Capet line.
iv. Queen Isabella (2954849), born ~1295 in France.