Friday, April 22, 2011

G23: 5909948

5909948. Earl Humphrey de Bohun & 5909949. Princess Elizabeth

Queen Isabella: Treachery, Adultery, and Murder in Medieval England

1276, Humphrey born in Essex, England, s/o 11819896. Humphrey de Bohun & 11819897. Maud de Fiennes.

8/7/1282, Elizabeth born in Rhuddlan Castle, Flintshire, Wales, d/o 5909696. King Edward I & 5909697. Leonor of Castile.

4/25/1284, Elizabeth present at Caernarfon castle for the birth of her little brother Edward II.

4/1285, toddler Elizabeth betrothed to Jan [John], s/o Count Floris V of Holland; who was brought to England.

1290, Elizabeth gave her brother Edward II a silver cup.

6/1296, Jan, succeeding his father returned to Holland leaving Elizabeth in England. [King Edward had been responsible for the capture (and ultimately death) death of Jan’s father in 1296 through conspiracy with Guy of Flanders.]

1/18/1297, Jan having returned to England married Elizabeth in Ipswich. Edward II gave them a gold cup. Elizabeth again remained in England when Jan returned to Holland.

8/23/1297, Elizabeth accompanied her father on a military campaign to the continent.

12/25/1297, King Edward and youngest daughter Elizabeth visited the city of Ghent where they met her sister Eleanor, Countess of Bar.

1/1298, Elizabeth was finally delivered to Holland as Countess of Holland and Zeeland, and Lady of Friesland. She lived in the Hague.

7/22/1298, Humphrey fought with Edward I in his Scotland campaign at the battle of Falkirk.

12/31/1298, Humphrey’s father died.

2/16/1299, Humphrey did homage for his lands. (S) Calendar of Fine Rolls.

11/10/1299, Jan, age 15, died leaving Elizabeth, age 17, a widow.

3/28/1300, “Royal letters patent: inspeximus and confirmation of Magna Carta … Witnesses: … Humfrey de Bohun, Earl of Hereford and Essex, …” (S) UKNA.

1300, Humphrey laid seige to Caerlaverock Castle in Scotland.

8/1300, Elizabeth, on a visit to England, met her step-mother, Queen Margaret, at Cawood, Yorkshire.

11/9/1300, Grant to Humphrey de Bohun, earl of Hereford and Essex, by reason of his service in Scotland, … (S) CPRs.

11/6/1302, Mandate … to deliver seisin to Humphrey de Bohun, earl of Hereford and Essex, constable of England, and to Elizabeth, countess of Holland, his wife and the king’s daughter, … (S) CPRs.

11/14/1302 at Westminster, Humphrey, age 32, married Elizabeth; which gained him the lands of Berkshire.

4/8/1303, Humphrey de Bohun, earl of Hereford and Essex and Elizabeth, countess of Holland, the king’s daughter, his wife granted a market and fair at Enfield, Middlesex. (S) Gazetteer of Markets and Fairs in England and Wales to 1516.

1304, in a letter from her brother Edward II, Elizabeth is aked to send her white greyhound to mate with Edward’s. The same year Edward sent Elizabeth 2 mares from his stud and their foals.

10/19/1304, Protection … for Humphrey de Bohun, earl of Hereford and Essex, going beyond seas in the company of Edward the king’s son. (S) CPRs. [Edward, the king’s son, going to Amiens to do homage to Philip, king of France, for the duchy of Aquitiane.]

1305, Humphrey, Earl of Hereford and Essex, held a week-long tournament at Fulham.

7/7/1307, Edward II became king on the death of his father.

12/2/1307, Humphrey participated in the tournament at Wallingford hosted by Piers Gaveston. In the tournament he was “unhorsed” by Piers.

2/7/1308, Elizabeth, named a chief lady in the new household of Queen Isabella, was at Dover to greet her on her arrival in England with Edward II. (S) Weir, P28.

2/25/1308 at Westminster, Humphrey, a chief magnate of England, carried the “scepter with the Cross” at the coronation of King Edward II.

4/12/1308, Humphrey de Bohun, earl of Hereford and Essex, Constable of England and lord of Brecon granted a fair to the burgesses of Brecon. (S) Gazetteer of Markets and Fairs in England and Wales to 1516.

1308, Humphrey sent to Scotland to oppose Robert the Bruce.

4/1309, Humphrey attended the tournament at Dunstable.

6/14/1309, The earls of Gloucester, Hereford [Humphrey], Lancaster, Warrene, Warwick and Arundel sent a royal prohibition of tournaments.

10/1309, Humphrey one of a number of barons that refused to attend Parliament because of Piers Gaveston’s presence by the King’s side.

3/20/1310, Humphrey one of 21 barons appointed to reform the government and the King’s household.

8/28/1311, Restitution to Humphrey of the constableship of England, which the king had taken. (S) CPRs.

12/1311, Edward II recalled highly disliked Piers Gaveston. Some Barons revolted, including Humphrey.

1/1312, Humphrey received gifts of “wild boar meat” from Queen Isabella.

3/1312, Humphrey one of five Earls that swore to kill Piers Gaveston if he was captured. They beseiged Gaveston at Scarborough, and captured him in May.

6/19/1312 at Warwick, Humphrey one of 3 Earls attending the murder of Piers de Gaveston.

8/4/1312, Appointment … to summon Thomas earl of Lancaster, Humphrey de Bohun, earl of Hereford and Essex, and Guy de Bello Campo,earl of Warwick, three ordainers, to appear before the king … to treat of the ordinances and to correct the same. They are not to repair to the king with horses and arms. (S) CPRs.

Humphrey became an emissary between Thomas, Earl of Lancanster, the leader of the revolt, and King Edward; eventually negotiating peace between them.

10/16/1313, Humphrey and the other Barons involved with the death of Gaveston, after submission before the king, were pardoned by Edward II with the “kiss of peace”. [Partly due to renewal of the war with Scotland – Edward II needed the support of the barons.] (S) CPRs.

6/24/1314, at the battle of Bannockburn, Humphrey was captured by Robert the Bruce and held for ransom. His kinsman Henry de Bohun was killed by Robert, who he had charged hoping to end the battle. Humphrey was exchanged for Robert the Bruce’s: wife, daughter Majory, sister Christian, nephew the “Earl of Mar”, and kinsman the Bishop of Glasgow. This was the battle in which organized foot-soldiers [primarily pike men] defeated heavily armored mounted knights.

1/2/1315, Humphrey, who had instrumental in having Piers Gaveston condemned to death, but now was reconciled with the King, attended the funeral of Piers in the Dominican church at Langley. [Piers was not intially buried with church rites due to excommunication.]

3/14/1315, A marriage compact having been arranged between Humphrey de Bohun, earl of Hereford and Essex, and Hugh de Curteney for the marriage of the latter’s son Hugh to Margaret, daughter of the earl, the king’s niece, … Hugh de Curteney is to grant his said son Hugh and Margaret 400 marks a year of land and rent … (S) CPRs.

5/1/1315, Licence for Humphrey de Bohun, earl of Hereford and Essex, and Elizabeth his wife, to grant to William son of Humphrey de Bohun … (S) CPRs.

10/16/1315, Humphrey de Bohun, earl of Hereford and Essex, going to the Marches of Scotland on the king’s service … (S) CPRs.

12/1315, Elizabeth, pregnant, was visited by her sister-in-law Queen Isabella.

2/11/1316, Appointment of Humphrey de Bohun, earl of Hereford and Essex, as captain of the forces, as well horse and foot, appointed to act against Lewelin Bren in the land of Glomorgan, … (S) CPRs.

5/5/1316, Elizabeth died after giving birth to daughter Isabel, who also died. Her sister Mary accompanied her body to her burial in Walden in Essex.

4/13/1317, Authority to W. archbishop of Canterbury, W. bishop of Exeter, and Humphrey de Bohun, earl of Hereford and Essex, to open the Council of Westminster on Friday next in the king’s name, as he will not be able to attend in person. (S) CPRs.

1/4/1318, Commission to Amyer de Valence, earl of Pembroke, and Humphrey de Bohun, earl of Hereford and Essex, empowering them to discharge all persons who may be arrested as followers of the earl of Lancaster. (S) CPRs.

8/1318, Humphrey appointed to a new Council of the King.

12/7/1318, Appointment of W. bishop of Exeter, and Humphrey de Bohun, earl of Hereford and Essex and constable of England, … to treat with R. count of Flanders, and W. count of Hainault, Holland and Seland and lord of Friesland, for the settlement of disputes and the benefit of trade. (S) CPRs.

8/1319, Humphrey joined King Edward’s forces at Newcastle.

9/7/1319, Humphrey participated in the seige of Berwick on Tweed, Scotland.

1321, Edward II issued writs forbidding unlawful assembly [targeted at supporters of Thomas of Lancaster.]

7/1321, Humphrey appeared in London with a large force and took the lead in denouncing Edward’s favorites [the Despencers.]

8/20/1321, Pardon to Humphrey de Bohun, earl of Hereford and Essex, … of any actions by reason of anything done against Hugh le Despenser, the son, and Hugh le Despenser, the father, … (S) CPRs.

10/1321, Edward II took to the field with a large army to oppose Humphrey and the Marcher lords in revolt.

3/16/1322, at the battle of Boroughbridge, N.W. of York, fighting against Edward II, Humphrey, Earl of Hereford, was killed while defending a bridge [supposedly skewered in the rear by a pike from a soldier under the bridge on which he was standing]; buried at the church of Friars Preachers, York. (S) The Greatest Traitor, Mortimer, P124.

(S) Weir, 2005. (S) Magna Carta Ancestry, P102.

Children of Humphrey and Elizabeth: [10 children]

ii. Eleanor de Bohun, born 10/17/1304 in England.
Eleanor betrothed to Roger, Lord Clifford [died 1327.]
Eleanor married James Butler [1328, created Earl of Ormond.]
Bef. 11/6/1348, Widow Eleanor married Thomas Daggeworth. [2 children.] (S) CPRs.
10/7/1363, Eleanor died.

iii. John de Bohun, born 11/23/1306 in England.
1322, John succeeded to 5th Earl of Hereford on the death of his father.
John married Alice Fitzalan de Arundel, d/o 5909944. Sir Edmund FitzAlan. [No children.]
~1326, John hosted a tournament [against a royal ban].
1327, John received letters of protection to go to Scotland.
9/1327, John, a cousin of King Edward III, received a letter for Edward saying that his father, Edward II, was “commended to God” [having recently died.] John responded with a letter to King Edward.
10/10/1327, Queen Isabella wrote a letter to John, her “Most dear and beloved nephew”, requesting he visit her son, the King. (S) Weir, P303. [The Queen’s letter still exists.]
12/28/1327, John, now High Constable of England, began escorting Philippa of Hainault, bride-to-be of King Edward III, from London to York. They arrived there on 1/20/1328.
10/19/1330 at Nottingham castle, brothers William, Humphrey and John, knights in the service of King Edward III, helped in the captured of Queen Isabella and Roger Mortimore. The brothers and other knights then escorted the Queen to Windsor.
Bef. 2/19/1331, John married 2nd Margaret Basset(60845657). [No children.]
1335, John sent to Scotland by the King.
1/20/1335, John died at Kirby-Thore, Westmorland; buried at Stratford Abbey near London.

iv. Humphrey de Bohun, born 9/6/1309 in England.
10/1330, Humphrey assisted in the capture of Roger de Mortimer for King Edward III.
1335, Humphrey heir to his brother John.
6/12/1338, Humphrey granted the office of Constable of England to his brother William.
10/15/1361, Humphrey died unmarried at Pleshey, Essex; buried at the Church of Friars Augustine, London.

v. Margaret de Bohun (7605233), born 4/3/1311 in England.

vi. Edward de Bohun, born ~1312 in Caldecot, Northampton, England. [twin]
1331, Edward pardoned for the accidental killing of Hugh de Turpliton and Richard de Monmouth while arresting Richard de Mortimore in Nottingham castle.
Bef. 1/26/1332, Edward married Margaret de Roos, d/o 1249374. Lord William de Roos.
Bef. 2/16/1335, Edward drowned while on campaign in Scotland.
6/20/1337, Margaret was still alive.

vii. William de Bohun (2954974), born ~1312 in Caldecot , Northampton, England. [twin]

viii. Aeneas de Bohun, born ~1314 in Caldecot, Northampton, England.
1324, Robert, s/o 11819850. John de Ferrers & 15212123. Hawise de Muscegros, 2nd Baron of Chartley, heir to his older brother John.
1327, the King gave Robert (still a minor) livery of his brother’s lands. [This was because of his service in the King’s expedition to the north.]
Bef. 10/20/1330, Robert married Margaret ?.
8/1331, Margaret was still living.
~1332, Robert married Aeneas.
1335, Robert served against the Scots.
1338, Robert granted the hundred of Pirehill for life.
1338–1339, Robert accompanied the King to Flanders.
2/25/1342, Robert summoned to Parliament.
1342, Robert accompanied the King to Brittany as part of the King’s retinue.
~1343, Aeneas died.
10/21/1345, Robert fought with the Earl of Drby at the Battle of Auberoche in Periogord.
7/1346, Robert accompanied the King to La Hogue.
8/26/1346, Robert fought at Crecy, north of Paris.
Bef. 1350, Robert married Joan de la Mote. [6/29/1375, she died in London.]
8/28/1350, Robert died.
(S) Magna Carta Ancestry, P324.

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