Family histories with citations for reference and research -- Searching: note that there may be multiple spellings from different sources. -- "It is a revered thing to see an ancient castle not in decay; how much more to behold an ancient family which has stood against the waves and weathers of time!" - Francis Bacon.
Monday, October 31, 2011
G25: 20001946 Gournay-Demmartin
20001946. Hugh de Gournay & 20001947.
Juliane of Dammartin
~1145, Hugh born in France, s/o 40003892. Hugh de Gournay &
40003893. Millicent de Coucy.
1151, Hugh’s older brother Gerard died leaving him as heir.
1173, Rebelling against his father King Henry II, young King
Henry captured the castle of Gournay, taking 166 prisoners including Hugh and
1174, Bartholomew de Glanville gave account of the lands given
in Caistre to Hugh de Gournay junior.
~1175, Juliane born in Dammartin-en-Goele, Seine-et-Marne,
France, d/o 40003894. Aubrey II, Count of Dammartin & 40003895. Mahaut of
11/1/1179, Philip Augustus crowned king of France.
1180, Hugh’s father died.
1181, Hugh succeeded and took possession of his father’s lands;
and confirmed to the chapter of St. Hildevert all the revnues which his father
and his ancestors had bestowed; as well as gifting wheat from his mills at
1185, Hugh payed 100£ relief for his lands in England and
11/3/1189, Richard I crowned king of England.
1190, Hugh granted the manor of Houghton Regis, co. Bedford.
1190, Hugh accompanied King Richard I on the 3rd Crusade from
3/20/1190, at Rouen, Hamelino Comite de Warenna, Hugone de
Gurnai, … witnessed the charter of King Richard founding the chapel of Fumechon
7/1190, the English and French armies met at Lyons; where they
learned that the German Emperor, leading his forces to the crusade, had died in
1191, The crusaders captured the city of Messina, Sicily, after
they had refused to let the English ships land.
6/5/1191, The crusaders set sail for Acre on the galley
Trenchmere.[ French forces were already besieging the city.]
7/1191, At the capture of Acre, Hugh commanded 100 knights
holding the portion allocated to the king of England. [After the battle, King
Philip returned to France. Hugh supposedly brought a piece of the True Cross
home and placed it in the church of St. Hildevert.]
9/5/1191, The crusaders defeated Saladin at the battle of
12/1191, The crusaders arrived at Beit Nuba, 12 miles from
8/1192, The crusaders conducted a sea assault on Jaffa.
9/9/1192, King Richard turned over command of the crusaders to Henry
of Champagne. [Most of the crusading forces remained for a short time in
Palestine after a 3-year truce had been signed.]
1193, King Richard, captured on his return to England, sent
Hugh to England to deal with the bishop of Ely, then Chancellor.
1193, In a truce between Richard, king of England and Philip
Augustus, king of France, Hugh held lands of both and was allowed to keep them.
By 1193, Hugh married Juliane.
1194, Hugh’s lands were attacked by John, earl of Mortain
[later King John], and Robert de Beaumont, earl of Leicester. The earl of
Leicester was taken prisoner. Hugh gave allegience King Philip, losing his
manors of Houghton and Bledlow.
1196, In another peace agreement between Richard, king of
England and Philip Augustus, king of France, Hugh de Gournay was to pay homage
to the king of France, and after his death, all his feoff in Normandy would
return to King Richard. Hugh’s knights who owed fealty to King Richard were to
have their lands returned, but were to continue to do homage for the lands to
Hugh during his lifetime.
1197, Hugh de Gournay was bound by the treaty between King
Richard and Baldwin, earl of Flanders.
1198, Hugh mentioned in a record of the Chamberlain of London.
5/14/1198 at Chateau Gaillard, Hugone de Gurnai witnessed the
charter of King Richard to the abbey of Junieges in Normandy.
1198, Hugh founded the abbey of Bellosane, about 5 miles from
Gournay. The charter is witnessed by Walter, archbishop of Rouen.
5/27/1199, John crowned king
1199, Hugh witnessed a deed confirmation to the bishop of
Lisieux, and another to Hubert, archbishop of Canterbury.
1199, Hugh granted a market at Wendover, Buckinghamshire. (S)
Gazetteer of Markets and Fairs in England and Wales to 1516.
9/29/1199 at Caen, Hugh witnessed a charter of King John to the
monastery of St. Fridiswide at Oxford.
1200, Hugh founded and endowed the altar of the Holy Cross in
the church of St. Hildevert at Gournay. Hugh also founded the Cistercian priory
of St. Aubin.
5/1200, King John made peace with Philip Augustus at the truce
of Le Goulet. Hugh de Gournay was one of the sureties for the exection of the
4/12/1201, Hubert, archbishop of Canterbury, presided at a
ceremony attende by King John, “Regis Angliae Joannis”, when “nobilis viri
Hugonis de Gornaco domini” gave a silver chest to the church of St. Hildevert
[which had not been completed at the time] to store relics he had brought back
from the Holy Land.
10/21/1201 at L’Isle Andelys, Hugh witnessed a charter of King
John to the Church of Christ at Canterbury.
11/1201 at Orbec, France, “Sigillum Hugonis de Gornaio”, by
charter, gave to the hospital of Lisieux a rent of a thousand eels, payable
every year; witnessed by Count William Mareschal, … Henry Biset, …
1202, Hugh regranted the manor of Wendover.
1202, King John, again at war with King Philip, who had
captured many Norman towns including most of Hugh’s territory of Brai.
3/20/1202, King John visited Hugh de Gournay at Gournay.
King Philip attacked Gournay, broke the moat, tore down a
section of the wall and captured the castle.
7/16/1202 at Rouen, King John ordered R. de Vipont to deliver
all the French prisoners taken in the war to Hugh de Gournay.
3/1204, Hugh, a captain of Chateau Gaillard, commanded by Roger
de Lacy, earl of Chester, having been besieged by King Philip for 6 months, capitulated
due to starvation.
1204, Hugh, along with many other barons seeing the successes
of King Philip against King John, again joined the French. Hugh arranged for
the surrender of the castle Montfort sur Risle [which King John quickly
recovered.] Because King Philip thought Hugh was involved in the quick loss of
Montfort sur Risle, he confiscated all of Hugh’s French lands.
Hugh, out of favor with both monarchs, fled to Cambrai.
5/1203, Hugh’s English manors were granted to English barons.
1205, Lands in Norfolk and Suffolk, late of Hugh Gournay the
Traitor, given to John le Mareshcal.
12/28/1205 at Marlborough, by deed of King John, “Rex Hugoni de
Gurnaco” was pardoned at the instance of Otho, King of the Romans [later
Emoperor], and permitted to return to England with his wife and children; and
received multiple estates forfeited by barons loyal to King Philip, the largest
being the soke of Waltham, Lincolnshire. [These lands were very small compared
to his vast holdings lost in Normandy.]
1207, Nicholas de Stuteville,
nephew of Hugh de Gournay, son of Hugh de Gournay.
1209, Hugh owed 700 marks associate with the manor of Wendover.
1210, Hugh de Gournay a witness to the official account
written by King John of his quarrel with William de Briouse. (S) Reign of King
John, Painter, 1949, P242. 1211, Hugh paid a fine of 700 marks for the manor of Wendover.
1213, Hugh had custody of the son and daughter of Robert de
11/1/1213, Hugh gifted custody of the manor of
Whorlton-cum-Rudley, Yorkshire and Kingshall, Bucks by King John.
Hugh gave 30£ a year to his daughter Millicent on her marriage
from Houghton, Bedfordshire.
5/6/1214, at Niort in Poitou, Hugh witnessed a charter of King
John to Ralph de Neville.
9/9/1214, Hugh is identified as infirmed. Hugh arranged for his
heir, son Gerard, to perform homage for his lands.
10/25/1214, Hugh de Gornai, seigneur of Gournay-en-Brie, lord
of Wendover, Buckinghamshire, Houghton, Bedfordshire, Caister and Cantley,
Norfolk, Mapledurham, Oxfordshire died at Rouen, Normandy.
(S) A Genealogical and Heraldic Dictionary, Burke, 1862, P616.
(S) Record of the House of Gournay, Gurney, 1848.
·This Hugh, in the reign of King John, brought a
suit in which he stated that he was the son of Hugh de Gournay and Millicent;
and that his father, Hugh, had settled all the lands which Ediva, his mother,
had brought him; Ediva the daughter of Earl Warren and wife of Gerard de
Children of Hugh and Juliane:
i. Millicent de Gournay (10000973), born ~1195 in England.
ii. Hugh de Gurnay (243382146), born ~1200 in England.