Sunday, November 6, 2011
G25: 23638784 King John, Luisgnan
12/26/1166, John born in Oxford, England, s/o 47277568. King Henry II & 47277569. Eleanor of Aquitaine. [John nicknamed “Lackland” because he was the youngest son and received no major continental fiefs from his father.]
1170, King Henry had his 15 year old son Henry the young, John’s brother, crowned King.
1170, John’s mother, Queen Eleanor, established her own separate court at Poitiers, France.
4/1173, King Henry arranged for his son John to marry the daughter of Count Humbert of Maurienne in Provence. John was to have Chinon, Loudun, and Mirebeau as a cadet of Anjou. John’s older brother’s objected to the arrangement and rebelled. John’s mother, who supported the rebelling sons, was put under house arrest.
7/7/1174, King Henry embarks from Barfleur with Prince John and Princess Joan, and his prisoners Queen Elianor, the young Queen Margaret, the Earl of Chester, the Earl and Countess of Leicester, and the wifes of the Princes Richard and Geoffrey.
9/28/1176, At court at Windsor, William, earl of Gloucester, makes Prince John his heir.
12/25/1176, Prince John with his brother Prince Geoffrey celebrate Christmas with King Henry at Nottingham.
1/15/1177, ‘Et in corredio Johannis filii Regis £4 6s 8d per breve Regis.’
5/8/1177, John named King of Ireland.
6/11/1177, King Henry and his son Prince John attest a grant by Geoffrey de Scalariis to Waltham.
3/1178, Prince John and Geoffrey, bishop elect of Lincoln, sent from England to Normandy by Richard de Luci, viceroy of England.
12/25/1178, Prince John with his father King Henry and brother Prince Geoffrey for the Christmas court at Winchester [Prince Richard was in Poitou, and Young King Henry in Normandy.]
9/18/1180, Philip Augustus succeeded as King of France.
3/1182, Prince John left in the tutelage of Ranulf de Glanville.
1182, “John, son of the Lord the King” attested Ranulf de Glanville’s founding of Leystone.
6/1183, John’s brother Henry, the Young King, died of fever in Martel, France.
~1183, “Hugh le Brun” born in France, s/o 94499124. Hugh IX de Lusignan.
8/1183, Prince John traveled with King Henry to Normandy.
1184, When King Henry II refused the crown of Jerusalem, John asked for the title. Henry refused to allow John to take the position.
1185, Knighted by his father, John sent to subdue [unsuccessfully] rebellious chieftains in Ireland.
4/1185, Charter of Prince John [Johannes filius Domini Regis Anglian et Dominus Hiberniae] to the Irish monastery of Saneta Maria de Valle Salutis witnessed by Hugh de Lacy, constable of Ireland; Bertran de Verdon, seneschal of Ireland, and Gilbert Vipard.
1185-86, Honor of Chester:– Bertram de Verdun, Adam de Almondelegh for him … for the passage of Ireland of 9 ships with men, of John the K’s son, and their harness, 23£ 5s 4d; … ship to carry supplies … passage to Ireland of William Cumin and his men … of William de Casineto, his associates, and 10 horses …
8/18/1186, John’s older brother Geoffrey died in a tournament in Paris, France; leaving a son Arthur of Brittany as heir apparent to John’s older brother Richard.
1188, Isabella of Angouleme born in France, d/o 47277570. Count Audemar of Angouleme.
7/6/1189, John’s brother Richard became king on the death of their father. [Although there were many barons that would have preferred John.]
9/3/1189, Richard crowned King Richard I of England.
1189, John named Count of Mortain by his brother King Richard I; and given the income from Lancaster, Nottingham, Derby, Dorset, Somerset, Devon, and Cornwall; and named lord of Ireland.
8/29/1189, John 1st married Isabella of Gloucester, d/o William FitzRobert & Hawise de Beaumont. [no children – dissolved in 1199, they were 2nd cousins]. This made John a Marcher lord in Wales.
1190, King Richard sent John with an army into Wales against lord Ryhs. John made a treaty before any fighting took place.
1190, King Richard departed on the 3rd Crusade. [While on the crusade Richard would make some decisions that would not sit well with the barons back in England.]
1191, John took an army to the field against William Longchamp, bishop of Ely, and King Richard’s chancellor. Longchamp captured John’s castle of Lincoln, and John captured Nottingham and Tickhill.
10/8/1191, John named “Governor of the Whole Realm” by the Great Council; which recognized him as Richard’s heir. John then confirmed the municipal government of London.
1/1192, King Philip of France offered John all the Angevin lands in France, and marriage to his sister Alys, if he would join him in his claims of other disputed territories in France. [The fact that John was married did not seem to be an issue.]
2/1192, John’s mother Eleanor rallied the powerful barons to prevent John from joining with Philip.
1/11/1193, Prince John at Cardiff received a letter from King Philip II of France informing him that Richard I was imprisoned near Vienna. John immediately went to France and did homage for English lands in France, and with a plan to marry Alys, who was imprisoned in Normandy.
4/1193, John’s advanced forces were soundly defeated in England by Hubert Walter, archbishop of Cantebury. Because of a truce requested by Richard in captivity, John’s forces were saved from total defeat, but he had to turn castles over to his mother Eleanor.
6/1193, King Philip sent John the message “Look to yourself, the Devil is loosed”, upon hearing the new terms for King Richard’s release from captivity. John, upon receiving the message, fled to Paris. John’s properties were confiscated; and in France John gave King Philip fortresses in Touraine.
Pope Celestine excommunicated both King Philip and Prince John for attacking a returning Crusader.
8/1193, As part of a truce agreement between King Philip and King Richard, Prince John was to receive castles in Normandy. When John got to Normandy, the castellans refused to turn over the castles and John returned to Paris.
12/1193, After hearing of Richard’s pending release, King Philip and Prince John sent a letter to Emperor Henry offering £1000 a month, and £80,000 if he would keep Richard in captivity until autumn. They also offered to match the English ransom if he handed Richard over to them.
1/1194, John ceded Vexin to King Philip [Accepted by King Richard the following July.]
2/4/1194, King Richard released in Mainz, Germany. Emperor Henry sent letters to King Philip and Prince John that the Holy Roman Empire demanded all lands having been taken from Richard be returned.
Richard returned to England and quickly reaquired all the lands that self-proclaimed King John had taken. He then raised an army and returned to France to oppose King Philip.
5/12/1194, John arrived secretly at Lisieux, France, where King Richard had stopped in route to Verneuil with his army. Richard forgave John, saying that he was young and had bad advisors.
Without telling of his secret visit, John returned to Evreux. He invited the town officials to dinner where he had them killed, and then announced that he held the town for King Richard.
1195, Richard restored John as Count of Mortain, and gave him Gloucester and Eye.
1194-1198, Richard, with the support of John against Philip II, caused Philip to slowly retreat back from Normandy.
4/6/1199, King Richard was wounded at the siege of Chalus-Chabrol by a crossbow. He died soon after, designating his brother John as heir over his nephew Arthur of Brittany, the son of Geoffrey, the next heir after Richard, but who was only 12.
Aft. 4/10/1199 in Rouen, John was invested as Duke of Normandy.
4/1199, John took contol of the treasure fortress of Chinon. Queen Eleanor backed son John’s claim to the throne.
5/27/1199 at Westminster, John crowned King of England. King John publishes the agreement between himself and his mother Eleanor acknowledging her right to hold her inheritance of Poitou during her lifetime, in fief from him, and which would revert to him as her heir. John made Hubert Walter, archbishop of Cantebury, his Chancellor.
7/1199 at Chartres, France, King John and King Philip II of France attended the wedding of Comte Thibaut III of Champagne & Blanche of Navarre.
[–––King John & Isabel –––]
8/18/1199, King John allied his French barons against France by the Treaty of Chateau Gaillard. (S) Studies in Peerage, Round, 1901, P177.
5/1200, King John made peace with Philip II at the truce of Le Goulet. John was recognized as Richard’s heir and did homage for his French possessions. John’s nephew Arthur was recognized in Brittany as John’s vassal. John ceded Vexin and Evreux to Philip.
8/24/1200 in Angouleme, John [divorced from Isabella] married 12 year old Isabella of Angouleme [the same year he met her]. Hugh IX de Lusignan, to whom Isabella had been betrothed, appealed to King Philip of France, who dispossed John of all his lands in France.
Upon return to England, King John had Isabel “solemnly crowned” Queen. (S) 1203 dower agreement of King John.
12/1200, King John held his Christmas feast at Guildford.
4/12/1201 at Gournay, France, Hubert, archbishop of Canterbury, presided at a ceremony attended by King John, “Regis Angliae Joannis”, when Hugh de Gournay gave a silver chest to the church of St. Hildevert to store relics he had brought back from the Holy Land.
1201, King John seized the country of La Marche on behalf of his new Queen Isabella; attacking Lusignan castles in Aquitane.
7/1201, Arthur of Brittany led a force in the Norman territory of King John, and was captured along with “Hugh le Brun”, viscount of Thouars, Geoffrey of Lusignan [Hugh’s uncle], and several other knights. (S) Rigord’s Deeds of Phillip Augustus.
8/2/1201, letter: “John, by the grace of God, etc., to the justiciary and barons of the exchequer of london, etc. Know that it has been agreed between us and Berengaria, once queen of England, wife of king Richard our brother, about her dower, which she asked for; namely that we have assigned her, for her dower, a thousand marks of silver per year.” (S) Epistolæ.
10/8/1201, at Westminster, Isabella crowned Queen of England. (S) Lives of the Queens of England, Strickland, 1881, P78.
1202, King John refused King Philip’s summons to Paris as his vassal. The French court awarded his lands to his nephew Arthur of Brittany. King Philip attacked Norman territories capturing most of Brai.
3/20/1202, King John visited Hugh de Gournay at Gournay.
6/16/1202, Isabel became Countess of Angouleme.
7/16/1202 at Rouen, King John ordered R. de Vipont to deliver all the French prisoners taken in the war to Hugh de Gournay.
8/1/1202, John rescued his mother trapped in Mirebeau castle in Anjou, France. She was beseiged by his cousin Arthur, who John’s brother Richard had designated as his heir. Arthur was captured, imprisoned. John also maimed, starved, and killed others from the castle after taking a vow not to harm any of them. This made the French people turn against John; and untimately cost him most of the Plantegenet lands in France.
1202, King John imprisoned Eleanor, sister of Arthur, duke of Brittany. As his sister, and the daughter of John’s older brother Geoffrey, Eleanor had a stronger claim to the throne than John.
4/3/1203 at Rouen, King John killed Arthur of Brittany. (S) Antiquities of Shropshire, V2, Eyton, 1855, P212.
1203, Isabel principally resided in Caen and Bonneville.
5/5/1203 at Porchester, King John specified the details of Queen Isabel’s dower lands in England and Normandy.
1203, King Philip attacked John’s lands in Normandy and Angiers, capturing Chateau-Gaillard and the city of Rouen. John sent forces commanded by William Marshall to repel the invasion.
4/1204, King John’s mother died.
1204, Isabella received her mother-in-law’s dower rights.
1204, King John requested a truce with King Philip Augustus, who responded with a request for him to produce Authur of Brittany.
1204, Under King John, deforestion began which would lead to the coal trade of Newcastle-upon-Tyne.
12/14/1204, King John ordered a distraint against Ranulph, Earl of Chester who was aligned with Gwenwynwyn of Powys in Wales, who was engaged in war against William de Broase.
1205, King John opposed Pope Innocent III’s choice of Stephen Langton as archbishop of Canterbury, asserting his right to tax the church.
1205, King John made a peace arrangement with Ranulph, Earl of Chester and Lincoln, and a powerful Marcher lord.
5/1206 at Chester, King John gave his daughter Joan in marriage to Llywelyn Fawr, prince of Wales.
1206, John landed at La Rochelle and recaptured Angiers after it was taken over by his brother-in-law Alfonso VIII, married to his sister Eleanor.
10/26/1206, King John and King Philip agreed to a truce. The French held Anjou, Brittany, Maine and Normandy, leaving Aquitain in southern France to John.
11/1206, Isabella formerly recognized as Ctss d’Angoulême [her father having died in 1202, but her mother administering her lands and holding dower lands].
7/1207, John drove all Cantebury monks into exile because of their election of Stephen Langton as archbishop.
12/1207, John held his Christmas feast at Windsor. [One archbishop attending spent 492£ 1s 11d was expended to buy 641 lengths of scarlet and dyes to make robes for the feast.] (S) English Historical Review, V110, 1995, P286.
3/24/1208, Pope Innocent III got the bishops of London, Ely, and Worcester to impose an interdict on England, suspending ecclesiastical rites.
1209, King John appointed his brother William, earl of Salisbury, as royal custodian of the march of Wales.
7/1209, King John, with 800 knights, 45 of them household knights, made a short-lived invasion into Scotland. (S) English Historical Review, V110, 1995, P284.
8/4/1209, King John defeated King William of Scotland at the battle of Norham.
11/1209, John excommunicated by Pope Innocent III when he refused the Pope’s appoint of Stephen Langton to Archbishop of Cantebury. [John’s seized the churches and his revenue from the churches increased from £400 to £3,700 in one year, then to £24,000 in 2 years.]
6/6/1210, King John launched successful attacks in Ireland [which he split Ireland into shires ruled by the crown from Dublin]. King John launched 700 ships in the attack. [King John used 10 knights as personal bodyguards in this campaign.]
1210 in Wales, King John captured Walter de Lacy at Carrickfergus and forced Walter and his brother Hugh into exile.
1211 in Wales, King John defeated Llywelyn ap Iorwerth, reduced his holdings to Gwynedd and Meirionydd, and imposed a very large tribute.
1211, King John began to use the debts of his barons as rationale for letters of distraint against their properties.
8/30/1211, The legate Pandulf excommunicated King John in front of an assembly of barons at Northampton. The King’s subjects were obsolved of their oath of allegiance.
5/4/1212, King John signed the Treaty of Lambeth with Renauld of Dammartin, count of Bologne, whose lands had also been siezed by King Philip. Renauld also brought in the count of Flanders. For his support Renauld was given fiefs in England.
7/10/1212, A great fire swept through London, on the south side of the river, killing about 3000.
1212, Llywely ap Iorwerth recovered the lands lost to King John in Wales.
1212, During the Welsh rebellion, King John hanged 28 Welsh hostages, including a 7-year-old boy.
1213, Queen Isabella accompanied King John to Aquitaine when their daughter Joanna was pledged in marriage to Hugh de Lusignan.
1213, King John rewarded sailors from Seaford who had captured messengers with letters sent to England by Philip II about his invasion plans. John forged replies to mislead the French.
5/1213, John absolved of his excommunication when he recanted. John had to compensate the church as well as reinstate exiled clergy, and promised to pay a tribute of 1000 marks annually to the Pope.
6/2/1213, King John recalled Walter de Lacy from exile in France. [Walter’s brother Hugh refused to return.]
2/9/1214, King John and 12 of his barons sailed for Poitou.
1214, John unsuccessfully invaded France trying to recover his lands. John personally led an expedition against Poitou where he was supported by Geoffrey de Lusignan, uncle of Hugh IX de Lusignan.
7/2/1214, Aimery de Craon, marshal Henri Clement, and Guillaume des Roches, and 800 knights, with Prince Louis of France victorious at the battle of La Roche-aux-Moines against the forces of King John of England.
1214, Philip and King John agreed to a 6-year truce at Chinon.
10/1214, John returned to England.
12/6/1214, Alexander II succeeded King William I of Scotland.
3/4/1215, John took the vow of Crusade, further obligating him to the Pope.
5/5/1215, The revolting Barons formally renounced their allegiance to John and invited the King of France to invade England. [This was prevented by the Pope.]
6/19/1215 at Runnymede near Windsor, John forced to agree to the terms of the Magna Carta. [The barons in revolt together held more castles and knights fees than John did as King.] Principally it required “judgement by equals” and protected the rights of the church. A clause provided for the election of 25 barons to monitor compliance and enforce its terms – the “security clause”. For non-compliance the barons were authorized to seize the King’s lands and possessions. [John then arranged for all of the barons to be excommunicated – starting a war.]
10/1215, John laid siege to Rochester castle in Kent.
11/30/1215, John captured Rochester castle.
1216, King John captured Lincoln, and held parliament there.
5/12/1216, Prince Louis [future VIII] of France, after a successful landing, crowned King of England in London. In June, Louis captured Winchester and controlled half of England.
10/18/1216, King John died at Newark of dysentery; buried at Worchester Cathedral, near the remains of St. Oswald, his son, lord Henry, became King Henry III.
[–––Hugh X & Isabel –––]
1200, Hugh, identified as the only son, consented to a charter in Lusignan of his father to St Hilaire of Poitiers.
1213, 3 sons of Hugh de Luzignan: Hugh son of Count de la Marche; Raoul, count of Eu; and Geoffrey, made a peace treat with King John. (S) Lives of the Queen of England, Strickland, 1840, P57.
10/28/1216, Henry III, age 9, crowned king of England.
11/1/1216, Queen Isabel given the city of Exeter and its fair as part of her dower. (S) Gazetteer of Markets and Fairs.
7/1217, Isabel returned to Angouleme to rule her own land.
6/27/1218, ‘Hugo Bruni dominus Lezigniaci et comes Marchie’, on leaving on crusade, and ‘Hugo de Lezigniaco filius suus’ donated half ‘molendino de Pooillet’ to Saint-Maixent.
1218-9, Isabel, in a letter requesting funds for the defense of her lands against the French: “To her dearest son Henry, by the grace of God illustrious king of England, lord of Ireland, duke of Normandy and Aquitaine, count of Anjou, I Y[sabel] by that same grace his humble mother, queen of England, greetings and prosperous outcome always to his wishes.”
1219, A letter to the Bishop elect of Norwich: “…Y[sabel] by that same grace queen of England, lady of Ireland, duchess of Normandy and Aquitaine, and countess of Anjou …”
5/1219, Geoffrey de Neville, seneschal of Poitou and Gascony, informed King Henry III of incursions by Hugh de Lusignan, specifically against the town of Niort, in order to force the King to grant him the properties of Ralph de Lusignan, his uncle, the Count of Eu, who had died. (S) The Minority of Henry III, Carpenter, 1990, P154.
11/5/1219, Hugh succeeded his father as Lord of Lusignan and Count of La Marche.
5/22/1220, Isabella, without permission of her son the King, married 2nd Hugh X de Lusignan. [While bethrothed to Hugh IX she was wed to John; now she marries Hugh X who is bethrothed to her daughter Joanna.] The English government started to withhold Isabel’s dower payments.
1220, Isabel wrote King Henry explaining why she married Hugh: “We make known to you that when the counts of La Marche and Angoulême died, lord Hugh of Lusignan remained alone and without heir in the region of Poitou, and his friends did not permit our daughter to be married to him, because she is so young; but they counseled him to take a wife from whom he might quickly have heirs, and it was suggested that he take a wife in France. If he had done so, all your land in Poitou and Gascony and ours would have been lost.”
1220, Hugh and Isabel’s forces captured her son King Henry’s castle of Congnac and took his seneschal captive. Pope Honorius III threatened them with excommunication for their actions, and ordered them to send her daughter Joanna back to England. [Isabela agreed to send Joanna back to England in exchange for her continued income from her dowered English lands.]
9/29/1221, The king [Henry] has committed to Richard de Redvers in custody all land that H. count de la Marche and I., his wife, mother of the king, had in England in the name of dower of I., mother of the king. (S) FRsHIII.
6/25/1222, Pope Honorius III threatened excommunication of Isabel unless her daughter Joanna’s dowery as wife of Hugh was enforced and the castles taken from King Henry restored. (S) Papal Government, Sayers, 1984, P231.
1222, Hugh attacked and took Merpins from Reginald de Pons.
1222, Hugh came to a peace agreement with Pandulf, envoy of King Henry III.
7/14/1223, King Philip Augustus of France died; Louis VIII succeeded as king of France.
1223, De treuga Pictavie. Rex … H. de Leziniaco, comite Marchie et Engolisme, … (S) CPRs.
8/1223, Geoffrey de Neville, envoy of King Henry, sent to Hugh de Lusignan to negotiate a new peace agreement. [Hugh did not accept the terms.]
3/27/1224, a letter from King Henry III granting Hugh and Isabel certain properties during a four year truce [included Saintes and the Isle of Oleron] and promising payment for them within those four years, during which Henry expects Hugh to defend his land if it is attacked by the French king.
1224, Ugo de Leziniaco comes Marchiæ et Engolismæ et Ysabella uxor eius … regina Angliæ, confirmed rights granted by “bonæ memoriæ Ademaro comite Engolismæ patre eiusdem dominæ Ysabellæ” to Vindelle. (S) FMG.
7/1224, Pope Honorius III sends a letter to his bishops in Orange and Limoges and to the deacon of Bordeaux to have them compel Hugh and Isabel to return Joanna’s dowered lands, and return the city of Orange, the island of Oleron, and other lands to King Henry.
1224-25, Poitou overun by the house of Lusignan supported by King Louis VIII of France. (S) Chronicles of the Age of Chivalry, 2000, P24.
11/8/1226, Louis IX succeeded as king of France.
12/18/1226, Pro comite Marchie et Engolisme. – Rex … H. de Leziniaco, comite Marchie et Engolisme, viro Ysabelle, regine, matris nostre, … (S) CPRs. [King Henry grants his mother Isabel 3,500 marks left her by her husband, his father, king John in his will.]
1230, Hugh, compte de la Marche, surrendered to Queen Blanch of Castile in France’s barons’ civil war.
6/4/1234, Acknowledgement of the king’s [Henry III] indebtedness to the noble man H. count of La Marche and Angouleme, in 500 marks, repayable at Michaelmas. (S) CPRs.
12/6/1234, Bond to pay H. count of La Marche and of Angouleme, 800 pounds Tournois a year for the island of Oleron, which the king has in his hand, during the truce with France. [The like letters of 400 pounds for the count.] (S) CPRs.
10/9/1235, Bond to Hugh de Lizagniaco, count of La Marche and Angouleme, to pay him 800 pounds … [states dates of payments.] (S) CPRs.
2/8/1236, Notification [of King Henry] … truce with Lewis, king of France, for five years … the king is not to implead or vex H. count of La Marche and Isabel, his wife, the king’s mother, … (S) CPRs.
10/26/1237, King Henry offered the marriage of Richard de Clare to the use of one of Hugh’s daughters to gain his allegiance. (S) CPRs. [Richard did not marry one of Hugh’s daughters.]
1238, A “monstrous and inhuman race of men”, with a leader called Kan, began to overun far eastern Europe.
6/24/1241 in Saumur, Anjou, Hugh de la Marche and his wife Queen Isabella attended the ceremony to make Alphonse, s/o Queen Blanche, Count of Poitou. [Hugh was the acknowledge leader of the local barons.] Queen Isabella was outraged at her treatment, and by the fact that she was expected to kneel to a count.
12/11/1241, Notification … by order of the king [Henry III] have delivered to H. count of La Marche and Angouleme, the king’s father, and I. the queen, the king’s mother, his wife, and Hugh de Lezinan, their son, certain writings and covenants between the king and them, … (S) CPRs.
12/1241 at Poitiers, Hugh, compte de la Marche, and Isabella openly denied allegiance to the newly appointed Count of Poitou; effectively a declaration of war. They were supported by King Henry III, Emperor Frederick II, Raymond VII of Toulouse, and the barons of Gascony.
1/8/1242 at Bordeaux, To the emperor. The king [Henry] made a treaty with the count of Toulouse against all men except the emperor, … the count, … has joined the king of France. … begs the emperor … through the count of La Marche … to given him counsel …. (S) CPRs.
2/28/1242, Mandate to … touching 3,000 marks which they have … to do what H. count of La Marche and Angouleme and I. Queen of England, his wie, and … will say to them on the king’s [Henry] behalf. (S) CPRs.
3/1242, Hugh provided for the partition of his lands after his death.
6/17/1242, Bond of the king to his mother Isabel, queen of England, countess of La Marche and Angouleme, in 500 [marks] … (S) CPRs.
6/30/1242, Promise to R. count of Toulouse and marquess of Provence, the king’s [Henry] kinsman, that the king will labour for him to marry Margaret, the king’s sister, daughter of the count of La Marche and Angouleme … (S) CPRs.
7/3/1242, Mandate to Ralph de la Haye and Guy de Rocheford, in garrison in the castle of Partenay, by the counsel of William Lungespeye, or of H. count of La Marche, or of earl Richard, or of Hugh de Lezinan, to grieve the king’s [Henry III] enemies in the said lands as far as they can. (S) CPRs.
5/20/1242, Hugh and his step-son King Henry III arrived at Royen, France with a small contingent; but with 30 tons of gold. They were soon joined by French nobles with Hugh as their leader.
7/1242, the 2 armies met at the battles of Taillebourgh [21st] and Saintes, with the superior sized French force winning. In the same month, King Henry returned to England; and Hugh surrendered at Saintes agreeing to pay an annual fine and with the loss of some lands. [Note: Famous painting by Eugene Delacroix.]
11/20/1242, Presentation that … has delivered the 3,000 marks … to H. le Lezinan, count of La Marche and Angouleme, … (S) CPRs, Henry III.
1244, Isabella was accused in an attempt to poison the King of France.
12/1244, Lord Hugh le Brun, and his son Hugh, took the cross with King Louis IX. (S) Chronicles of the Cursades, Joinville, 2010, P128.
Isabella became Sister Felice at Fontevrault Abbey in France.
5/31/1246, Isabella died; buried in Fontevrault Abbey, the Plantagenet family mausoleum. [At her request she was buried in the churchyard; but King Henry III had her body moved inside.]
8/25/1248, Hugh and his son Hugh set sail from Aigures-Mortes near Marsailles on crusade with King Louis IX.
6/1249, Hugh died on crusade at Damietta, Egypt.
(S) Epistolæ. (S) The Lives of the Princesses of England, V1-2, Green, 1850. (S) The Houses of Lusignan and Chatellerault, Medieval Academy of America, Painter, 1955. (S) King John, the Braoses, and the Celtic Fringe, Holden. (S) The Reign of King John, Painter, 1949.
Children of John and mistress Adelade:
1214, Joanna betrothed to Hugh X de Lusignan, [Hugh IX formerly betrothed to her mother].
Joanna was sent to Provence where she resided in a March family castle.
1220, Joanna’s mother married Hugh X after he succeeded his father.
1221, Joanna arrived back in England [from Poitou] after multiple requests of her brother King Henry. William Marshall, Earl of Pembroke, was named her guardian.
6/18/1221 at York, Joanna married King Alexander II of Scotland.
8/4/1221, Alexander and Joanna arrived at Roxburgh in Scotland.
2/11/1236, Order to the sheriff of Cambridgeshire to place in respite, … the manor of Fenstanton , which is in the hand of J. queen of Scotland, the king’s sister. (S) FRsHIII.
1237, Joanna was visited by her sister-in-law Queen Eleanor in Scotland, and then returned to England with Eleanor where they visited the shrine of St. Thomas.
1/23/1238, King Henry allotted 26£ for Joanna, in failing health, to return to Scotland. [It was winter, and soon after departing the group turned back.]
3/12/1238, Joanna died in Essex; buried at the nunnery of Tarente, Dorsetshire. [No children.].
ii. King Henry III (11819392), born 10/10/1206 in England.
7/20/1235 at Worms, Isabella, age 21, married to Emperor Frederick II and crowned Empress of the Holy Roman Empire. Four Kings, 11 Dukes, and 30 Earls and Marquesses were at the ceremony.
12/1/1241, Isabella died in Foggio [near Naples] in childbirth; buried in Andria, Holy Roman Empire. [Her daughter Margaret survived.]
1224, Eleanor married 1st to Earl William Marshall, s/o William, the Regent.
10/18/1229, Eleanor and William were formally married, and 9 manors were settled on her.
4/15/1231, William died.
1/6/1238, widow Eleanor married 2nd Simon de Montfort, Earl of Leicester.
1239, Simon exiled.
1241, Simon visited Jerusalem.
5/14/1264, King Henry, Richard, and Prince Edward, and Henry of Almain were captured by Simon de Montfort at the battle of Lewes, “at the Mill of the Hide”.
8/4/1265, Prince Edward defeated Simon de Montfort at the battle of Evesham, where Simon was killed.
Eleanor was banished by her brother the King.
Eleanor took refuge in the convent of Montargis in Orleannois, founded by Amicia de Montfort.
6/1267, Eleanor was at the French court.
[1272 in Italy, Eleanor’s sons Simon and Guy murdered Henry of Germany in revenge for their father’s mutilation at Evesham. Henry had not even been at the battle – he was a prisoner at Kenilworth at the time.]
By 3/1275, Eleanor died in France.
Children of Hugh and Isabella: [4 daughters, 5 sons: Hugh, Geoffrey, Guy, Aymer]
1/29/1247, Presentation of Aymer, son of the count of La Marche, to the church of Kirkeheym. (S) CPRs.