Sunday, November 27, 2011

G25: 23640666 King Philip III of France


23640666. King Philip III & 23640667. Queen Marie of Brabant & 11819397. Queen Isabella of Aragon

4/30/1245, Philip born Poissy, France, s/o 47281332. King Louis IX & 47281333. Queen Marguerite of Provence.

8/1248–1250, Philip’s parents on crusade in the Holy Land; his father captured, and ransomed. Philip’s grandmother was regent during the king’s absence.

Aft. 1252, Isabella born in Aragon, d/o 23638794. James I of Aragon & 23638795. Yolande of Hungary.

5/13/1254, Marie born in Leuven, Brabant, d/o 47281334. Duke Henry III & 47281335. Duchess Adelaide of Burgandy.

12/1259, King Louis and Queen Margaret hosted a family Christmas gathering in Paris that included King Henry III of England and Queen Eleanor, Count Charles of Anjou and Countess Beatrice [and possibly the 4th sister Queen Sanchia of the Holy Roman Empire.] Queen Eleanor, Countess Beatrice [eventually Queen of Sicily], and Queen Sanchia all maternal aunts of Philip.

1/1260, Philip’s brother Louis, age 15 and the heir, died of an illness.

2/28/1261, Marie’s father Henri died; her brother John succeeding.

5/28/1262, Philip married to Isabella at Clermont-Ferrand; bringing in dower the counties of Beziers and Carcassone.

3/1267, Philip with his father took up the cross for another crusade.

6/5/1267, King Louis knighted his son Philip [and 52 other young knights], and used the occasion to recruit knights for the next crusade.

7/2/1270, Louis’ crusader ships left the coast of Provence heading for Tunis.

7/21/1270, Louis’ crusader fleet arrived in Tunis. After easily taking the port, they attacked Carthage, 15 miles from Tunis, but did not enter the city. Very quickly, a plague [likely typhus] decimated the crusader forces. Philip’s brother, Jean Tristan, born on the previous crusade died with 10 days of landing.

8/25/1270, Philip, Count of Orleans, and Isabela on the 8th crusade with his father when his father died at Carthage. Louis called Philip to his side on his death bed and instructed him on being a King. Philip was proclaimed King, and messengers were sent to France with the news.

8/1270, King Charles of Sicily, Louis’ brother, and Philip’s uncle, arrived the next day with his forces. Charles took command of the Crusade.  After a few skirmishes, Charles made a lucrative treaty with the emir of Tunis, part of a 10-year treaty.

11/11/1270, The crusader fleet left to return to France. There was a storm, 40 ships were lost and they were forced into the port of Trapani. They decided to return by land rather risk another storm at sea. Philip and his entourage were detained at Sicily because of illness [possibly the plague.]

1/11/1271, Isabela of Aragon, pregnant, fell from her horse while fording a river and suffered a stillbirth.

1/28/1271, Isabella died. [Philip’s sister Isabella and her husband, the king of Navarre, also both died on the return trip, as well as Philip’s uncle Alphonse and his wife Jeanne of Toulouse.]

5/21/1271, Philip returned to Paris, France with the bodies of his wife Isabel [buried at Saint-Denis], his father, his sister Isabelle and her husband Thibaut V, his uncle Count Alfonso of Toulouse and his wife Jeanne, and his brother Jean Tristan.

1271, Philip started the process to have his father canonized.

7/27/1271, Signification to Philip, king of France, of the appointment … king’s clerks, at the king’s [Henry III of England] proctors in all matters … (S) CPRs of Henry III.

8/12/1271, Philip crowned King of France.

8/21/1271, Philip inherited the counties of Poitou, Toulouse and Auvergne from his uncle Count Alfonso; who had died on the crusade.

7/3/1272, Notification that King Henry of England is sending … to his lord and kinsman Philip, king of France, to received from him the county of Agen, the lands of Saintonge … by the form of peace made between Louis, sometime king of France, and the king [Henry], … after the death of Alfonse, count of Poitiers, and Joan, his wife, both deceased. (S) CPRs.

11/16/1272, Edward I ascended to the throne of England while on crusade when his father Henry III died.

1273, King Charles of Sicily wrote to his nephew King Philip of France suggesting he announce himself a candidate for King of the Romans [King Richard had died.] The Pope rejected his nomination.

7/26/1274, King Edward of England, returning from the crusade, arrived in Paris where he performed homage to French King Philip III for his lands in France. [While in France King Edward captured his rebellious vassal Gaston de Bearn.]

8/21/1274 at Chateau de Vincennes, Philip married Marie.

1274-75, Philip III held a parlement to deal with the capture of rebel viscount Gaston VII of Bearn by King Edward I of England. [This would not be completely resolved until 1278.]

8/1275, Marie crowned Queen in the Sainte Chapelle of Paris by the Archbishop of Rheims. Marie and Philip’s prime minister [his “favorite”] became at odds because of her influence on the king and her independent actions.

2/1276, The prime minister accused Marie in the death of Isabella’s eldest son Louis – he had a fever and skin spots that seem to indicate poison. Because of a letter of unknown content, bearing the seal of the prime minister, which got into the king’s possession. Implicated in the origins of this letter, there was a stigma associated with Queen Marie as the possible poisoner of Louis. Marie’s brother, Duke John of Brabant came to Paris to prove by force of arms her innocence. The combat took place with the Duke winning. (S) Medieval Narratives of Accused Queens, Black, 2003, P71.

1276, Marie, literate and a patron of the arts, became actively involved in the education of the future Queen, Jane of Navarre, who had arrived in court as a toddler in 1275.

1/26/1277, Request to all the king’s [Edward I] friends … to not molest … in bringing to the kingdom 18 great horses … bought … for the Welsh war, in accordance with a grant of Philip, king of France, allowing such horses to be bought. (S) CPRs.

6/1278, Pierre de la Brosse, “the favorite”, hanged at Montfaucon, accused of poisoning the king’s eldest son. [Pierre had been surgeon and valet-de-chambre to Philip’s father.] Pierre’s brother-in-law, the bishop of Bayeux, fled to Rome.

1278, Queen Marie and Robert, count of Artois, commissioned the poem ‘Roman de Ham’, a description of an Arthurian gathering and tournament at Hem-Monacu in which royalty played the “parts”. (S) English and International: Studies in the Lieterature, Pearshall, 2010, P96.

3/21/1279, Power to Edmund, earl of Lancaster and count of Champagne, the king’s [Edward I] brother, … to exact from Philip, king of France, the king’s kinsman, the county of Ponthieu, which by the death of Joan, queen of Castile and countess of Ponthieu, falls by hereditary right to Eleanor, the king’s consort. (S) CPRs.

1279 at Amiens, Philip signed the Treaty of Amiens with King Edward I of England; which restored Agenais to Edward.

1279, Philip, influenced by his new Queen, sided with his uncle, King Charles of Sicily, in proposing Charles’ grandson in marriage with the royal Habsburg family, against his mother’s desire that a female grandchild of Queen Eleanor of England be married into the family. [King Charles’ plan succeeded.]

1281, King Philip met with King Pedro III of Aragon at Toulouse, forming an alliance against Castille.

3/30/1282, The revolt of the Sicilians against Philip’s uncle Charles of Anjou ended with the murder of all the French persons on the island. [Known as the Sicilian Vespers.]

11/1283, King Philip assembled his barons and prelates at Bourges.

1284, Philip inherited the counties of Perche and Alencon from his brother Pierre.

2/1284, King Philip again assembled his barons and prelates at Bourges.

1284, Philip and his sons entered Roussillon at the head of a large army on what is called the Aragonese Crusade. [The kingdom of Aragon was offered by Pope Martin IV to his son Charles.]

6/26/1285, Philip besieged the town of Gerona.

9/7/1285, Gerona fell to Philip. The French forces fell to wide-spread dysentary, and combined with a naval defeat at Las Farmiguas Islands, retreated.

9/30/1285, Philip III’s retreating forces defeated at the battle of the Col de Panissars. After the previous defeat of his naval forces, and sickness spreading in his land forces, Philip arranged with King James II of Majorca for himself and the royal family to retreat to France.

10/5/1285, Philip “the Bold” died of illness in Perpignan; buried at Narbonne. [Philip’s body later moved to Saint Denis Basilica in Paris where he is buried with Isabel. “the Bold” refers to his abilities in combat.]

1294, Edmund, earl of Lancaster, and brother of King Edward I, an envoy to King Philip IV. An agreement was reached when Edmund was supported by Jeanne, queen of France, and Marie, mother of Philip IV, part of which included the marriage of King Edward and Margaret, the sister of Philip IV.

1298, Marie of Brabant, queen dowager of France, involved in the arrangement of the marriage of her grandaughter Isabella to Edward of Caernarvon [future King Edward II.] Blanche of Artois, the maternal grandmother was also a party to the negotiations. (S) Queen Isabella, Weir, 2006, P9.

1/25/1308 in Boulogne, France, Marie present when Prince Edward married her granddaughter Isabella.

Marie retired to Picardy.

1/10/1321, Marie died in the convent of Murel, near Meulan. Her body was buried in the convent of Cordeliers of Paris.

(S) Memoires of the Queens of France, V1, Bush, 1843. (S) The Capetians, Bradbury, 2007.

Family notes:

·         Queen Marie brought Adenez, a celebrated French poet who was born in Brabant and had served in the court of her father, to court in Paris where he became known as Adenes le Roi. Adenes documented Queen Marie’s patronage in his poem Cleomades. (S) New General Biographical Dictionary, V1, 1848, P108.

·         Philip III and Marie of Brabant were both book collectors. (S) The Queen Mary Psalter, Stanton, 2001, P219.

Children of Philip and Isabella:

i. Philip IV (5909698), born 5/1268 in France.

ii. Charles of Valois (5909702), born 3/12/1270 in France.

Children of Philip and Marie:

iii. Marguerite of France (11820333), born 1282 in France.

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