Monday, December 31, 2012

G28: 189110408 Hainaut-Namur

189110408. Baldwin IV, Count of Hainaut & 189110409. Alix of Namur

8/3/1108, Louis VI crowned King of France.

1108-10, Baldwin of Mons born in Hainault, s/o 378220816. Baldwin III Count of Hainaut & Yolende of Gueldre.

1120, Baldwin’s father died.

~1120, Alix born in Namur, d/o 378220818. Godfrey, compte de Namur & 378220819. Ermesinde, Ctss de Luxembourg.

3/2/1127, Charles the Good, count of Flanders murdered.

4/1127, Baldwin IV count of Hainault, Thierry of Alsace, and William of Ypres were all considered to succeed Charles the Good as count in Flanders.

4/12/1127, King Louis of France in Bruges, Flanders, to revenge the killing of his cousin Charles the Good. Louis supported William Clito as the new Count of Flanders.

1127, Thierry of Alsace was backed by King Henry I of England as an heir to the Count of Flanders. King Henry’s nephew, Stephen of Blois, a Flanders baron, formed an alliance with the Godfrey, duke of Lower Lorraine, Baldwin of Hainaut, Thomas de Coucy, count of Amiens, and William of Ypres against William Clito’s alliance with King Louis. (S) Conqueror’s Son, Lack, 2007, P184. [Most likely all received money from King Henry. Baldwin received 100 marks. William of Ypres, known to have a force of 300 knights, received 500£.]

4/1128, Baldwin ended his unsuccessful siege of Oudenaarde.

7/28/1128, William Clito died, leaving the title of Comte de Flanders wide open.

1128, Thierry of Alsace defeated William Ypres in battle and was recognized as count of Flanders; ending any succession by Baldwin.

~1130, Baldwin married Alix.

12/22/1135, Stephen crowned king of England.

8/1/1137, Louis VII succeeded as king of France.

1137, Baldwin at the siege of Roncourt, where Gilles de Chin, his wine-master, was killed.

9/7/1138, Baldwin, count of Hainaut, with 80 knights, assissted Roger of Tosny in an attack on Bretueil against Robert, earl of Leicester. The town was burned. (S) Chronicle of Hainaut, Mons, 2005, P42.

8/19/1139, Alix’s father died. (S) FMG.

1139-40, King Stephen gave aid to Baldwin IV of Hainaut and Hugh de St. Pol [died 1141] who sought to establish Baldwin as the Flemish count. (S) Families, Friends, Allies : Boulogne, Tanner, 2004, P220.

6/26/1141, Alix’s mother died. (S) FMG.

1142, Baldwin IV of Hainaut restored Broqueroie to the abbey of Saint-Denis as originally given by his father. (S) Mediaeval Institutions, Stephenson, 1967, P73.

1147, Baldwin attacked Douai and was repelled by the forces of Sybil, wife of Thierry of Alsace. (S) Aristocratic Women in Medieval France, Evergates, 1999, P123.

1149-50, Thierry of Alsace attacked Baldwin IV, count of Hainaut. (S) Family, Friends, and Allies, Tanner, 2004, P242.

3/4/1152, Frederick Barbarossa elected King of Germany.

1152, Baldwin went to Hagenau in Alsass to call on Henry, duke of Luxemburg; to arrange for his inheritance [Most of the knights had already pledged fealty to Baldwin]. Frederick Barbarossa consented to the arrangement. (S) Luxemburg in the Middle Ages, Gade, 1951, P65.

1153, Baldwin of Hainut arranged a settlement between the abbey of Argenteuil and Vautiers, avoue of Solesmes, who had been accused of building a castle there against the will of the abbot, of usurping his rights of justice, forest, … (S) Mediaeval Institutions: Selected Essays, Stephenson, 1967, P57.

1158, Baldwin purchased Ath.

1159, Baldwin chartered the seigniory of Chimay.

1160, Baldwin chartered the chatellenies of Valencians and Ostrevent.

1163, Henri L’Aveugle, Compte de Luxembourg, designated his brother-in-law Baldwin IV of Hainault, husband of his sister Alice of Namur, as his heir.

1164, Baldwin used an equestrian seal. (S) Courtly Culture, Bumke, 1991, P287.

1164-71, Gautier d’Arras and Provins wrote ‘Roman d’Eracles’ which was dedicated to Baldwin of Hainaut and Theobald V of Blois. (S) Viator Medieval and Renaissance Studies, V1, 1987, P279.

1166, Baldwin built the Burbant tower, a massive, square, flat-buttressed keep, to serve as a base to defend Hainaut’s northern border with Flanders. (S) Belgium, Grand Duch of Luxembourg, Michelin, 2004, P113.

4/1168 at Valenciennes, In the presence of his sisters, brother, and mother, Baldwin V [the son] knighted by his father, Baldwin IV.

1169, Baldwin and his son, with 700 knights of Hainaut, supported Henry, count of Namur and Luxembourg in war with Duke Henry of Limbourg.

7/1169, Alix died. (S) FMG.

1170, Henry, count of Namur and Luxembourg, and Baldwin, count of Hainault defeated Godwin III of Louvain at the battle of Carnieres. Baldwin, with about 3000 foot soldiers, encountered Duke Godfrey of Louvain with a much larger army; but defeated them in the ensuing battle; killing about 2000 of the duke’s men and capturing about 6000. (S) Encyclopedia Metropolitana, V1, 1845, P561.

1171, Baldwin IV, Count of Hainaut, with a force of 300 knights and as many mounted sergeants went in battle to support his uncle Count Henry of Namur and Luxembourg, who was being attacked by his own barons.

11/8/1171, Baldwin became ill and died.

(S) The Capetians, Bradbury, 2007, P140.

Family notes:

·         Clemence, married 1st Conrad I, comte de Luxemburg, and had Ermesinde, wife of Godrey, comte de Namur – mother of Alix. Clemence married 2nd Gerhard I, count of Geldern, and had Yolende of Gueldre, wife of Baldwin III Count of Hainaut – mother of Baldwin. Erminsinde and Yolende were half sisters; so Baldwin and Alix were half-first-cousins. (S) Kleeberg Fragment, Jackman, 2012, P69.

Children of Baldwin and Alix:

i. Agnes de Hainaut (94555231), born 1142 in Hainaut.

Agnes married Raoul I, Seigneur de Coucy, s/o Engerrand of Coucy & Agnes de Beaugency [gd/o Hugh I of Vermandois].

1181, Raoul sided with the King of France against Philip, count of Flanders.

11/1191, Raoul died on crusade at Acre.

Child: 47277615. Yolande de Coucy, married Robert II, Comte de Dreux.

ii. Baldwin V of Hainault (94555204) born 1151 in Hainaut.

Sunday, December 30, 2012

G28: 189110312 Alfonso-Barenguela-Richeza

189110312. Emperor Alfonso VII of Spain & 189110313. Berenguela of Barcelona & 189110291. Richeza of Poland

3/1/1105, Alfonso Raimundez born in Spain, d/o 378220624. Count Raymond of Galicia & 378220625. Urraca of Castile.
1107, Alfonso’s father died.
12/1107 at Leon, Alfonso VI [maternal grandfather of Alfonso] called a council of Galician magnates to review his succession in Galacia. Since Count Raymond had died, Alfonso wanted his son Sancho to succeed rather than the son of his daughter Urraca; who could rule as regent unless she remarried. [At the council Guy of Burgundy and Diego Gelmirez named as Urraca’s son’s guardians.]
5/1108, Alfonso VI’s son Sancho died in battle leaving Urraca, mother of Alfonso, as the heir.
7/1/1109, Alfonso’s maternal grandfather died; Alfonso’s mother Uracca succeeding to Leon.
12/1109, Alfonso’s mother married Alfonso I of Aragon, who seized most of her lands causing a civil war. [Many wanted her to marry Count Gomez Gonzalez.]
1111, Pedro Arias lead a Galacian effort to crown Alfonso I of Aragon. His family came under siege at Costrelo do Mino. Bishop Diego Gelmirez effected a comprise between the factions.
9/17/1111, Alfonso became King of Galicia in the cathedral of Santiago de Compostela. (S) Chronicle of San Juan de la Pena, Nelson, 1991, P114.
1112, Proclaimed: ALFONSO VII el Emperador King of Castile, León and Toledo. (S) FMG.
6/1113 at Burgos, A sermon by Diego Gelmirez, archbishop of Compostela, recalled the glories of Spain under Alfonso VI; and said that since his death, under Queen Urraca and her son ecclesiastical rights had been violated, magnates of Spain reduced to impotence … the rest of Spain dominated by a few.
1114, Alfonso’s step-father accepted a papal nullification of his marriage to his mother Urraca.
12/25/1115, Alfonso with his mother at her Christmas court at Leon.
1116, Urraca toured her territories with her son Alfonso; proclaiming Alfonsa as her co-ruler.
1116, Berenguela born in Barcelona, d/o §Ramon Berenguer III & Dolça de Gévaudaun. [Berenguela sister of Count Ramon Berenguer IV of Barcelona.]
11/27/1116, ‘Hildefonsus Raymundi … rex’ donated property to the abbey of Silos. (S) FMG.
1117, By the truce of the Council of Burgos, war between Castile and Aragon ended. Urraca granted her son Alfonso Toledo and the trans-Duero.
12/9/1117, Alfonso 1st styled himself ‘imperator.’ (S) FMG.
1/24/1118, Pope Gelasius II succeeded Paschal II.
11/20/1118, Alfonso issued a charter to the Cathedral of Toledo.
2/1/1119, Pope Calixtus II succeeded Gelasius II. [Calixtus the brother (Guy) of Raymond of Galicia and paternal uncle of Alfonso.]
3/26/1119, ‘Urracha … Ispanie regina, regis Aldefonsi regineque Constantie filia’ donated property to the abbey of Silos … confirmed by ‘Adefonsus rex, filius … regine’. (S) FMG.
3/20/1120, Pope Calixtus wrote a letter to the bishops, princes, counts, and knights of Spain in support of the rule of Alfonso, and against his mother Urraca.
1120, Urraca arrested Archbishop Gelmirez, but released him when riots forced her to take refuge in the cathedral. [Alfonso appealed to the Pope to not have her excommunicated.]
9/1/1121, Alfonso issued a charter to the monastery of San Pedro de las Duenas.
12/1121, Alfonso, at the urging of Pope Calixtus, mustered forces against his mother, who had imprisoned Archbishop Gelmirez. Queen Urraca ceded to the Pope’s demands.
3/22/1122, Alfonso issued a charter to the monasterio of San Martin de Pinario.
11/29/1123, Alfonso issued a charter to the Cathedral of Toledo.
3/16/1124, Archbishop Gelmirez called a council to announce his selection as a papal legate. Alfonso was in attendance.
4/8/1124, Alfonso VI issued a confirmation charter to the monastery of San Payo de Antealtares. [Comfirmation of Alfonso VI’s grant in 1098.]
5/25/1124, Alfonso knighted as a Christian warrior by Archbishop Gelmirez at Santiago de Compostela. (S) Birth of the Chess Queen, Yalom, 2005, P51.
12/21/1124, Pope Honorius II succeeded Calixtus II.
4/2/1125, On the death of Archbishop Bernard of Toledo, Alfonso and Queen Urraca wrote to Archbishop Gelmirez to warn him against taking advantage of Bernard’s death.
9/11/1125, Alfonso issued a charter to the monastery of San Pedro de las Duenas.
3/10/1126, Alfonso’s mother died; Alfonso formally crowned in Leon as Emperor of Aragon and Pamplona [Navarre] by the court of Barcelona.
3/11/1126, Alfonso arrived at Leon to find that the city was refusing to recognize him; preferring rule by brothers Count Pedro of Lara and Count Rodrigo Gonzalez. Alfonso stormed the fortress of the city, but the brothers escaped.
4/1/1126, Alfonso comfirmed his mother’s grant to the monastery of Silos the previous year.
1127, Alfonso married Berenguela.
7/1127, Alfonso and his army intercepted Aragonese forces on their way to Castrojeriz. Count Pedro of Lara initiated an agreement of terms for Alfonso, avoiding a battle.
1127, Alfonso’s claims recognized by his step-father.
1/5/1128 at Tardajos, Charter of Alfonso VII and Berengaria to the Cathedral of Leon.
5/22/1128 at Maqueda, Charter of Alfonso VII and Berengaria to the Cathedral chapter of Toledo.
1129, Alfonso lands on the frontier again under attack by Alfonso the Battler of Aragon. [The Lara family did not support Alfonso’s defense of the lands.]
1130, Alfonso imprisoned Count Pedro of Lara [and Pedro’s son-in-law] because they were ‘disturbing the kingdom.’
By 1131, Alfonso had regained most of the territories lost to Aragon.
9/7/1132 at Oviedo, Charter of ‘Aldefonsus Hyspanie imperator … cum uxore mea regina Berengaria et Santia mea germana’ to the Cathedral of Zamora.
9/18/1133, Charter of Alfonso VII and Berengaria to the Cathedral of Orense.
1134, Alfonso became King of Zaragoza.
9/7/1134, Alfonso’s step-father died without descendents; Alfonso accepted the throne of Aragon while the Count of Mozon accepted Navarre. The barons of Aragon chose instead the brother of Alfonso I, which caused Alfonso to occupy La Rioja  and conquer Zaragoza. [Alfonso did received the homage of Garcia Ramirez and his brother Ramiro of Navarre.]
5/26/1135 at the church of Santa Maria in Leon, Alfonso crowned Emperor of all of Spain. [In actuality, control much of his eastern territory had been lost during the reign of his mother as regent.] (S) Alfonso 10, The Learned, Marta-Nez, 2010, P123. [Alfonso awarded Garces Ramior the village of Varea for holding his shield during the coronation. Garcia’s daughter Blanca would marry Alfonso’s eldest son.]
5/20/1135 in Najera, Charter of Alfonso VII and Berengaria to Fortun Garcia.
1136, Alfonso captured Aragon’s capital of Zaragoza; putting monk Ramiro II as ruler. [In 1150, Ramiro’s daughter married Count Ramon Berenguer IV of Barcelona who became ruler.]
7/17/1137 at Compostela, Charter of Alfonso VII and Berengaria to Cathedral of Santiago.
~1138, Richeza born in Poland, d/o §King Wladyslaw II the Exile & Anges of Babengerg.
12/11/1138 at Compostela, Charter of Alfonso VII and Berengaria to monastery of Tojos Outos.
1139, Alfonso could not prevent the creation of Portugal as an independent kingdom.
1140, Alfonso allied with Garcia Ramirez to partition Navarre. Alfonso invaded Navarre, and his ally Garcia invaded Aragon. (S) Spain and Portugal, Williams, 1908, P616.
1140, Alfonso granted lands for the first Cistercian monastery, at Fitero. (S) History of the Church in the Middle Ages, Logan, 2012, P252.
9/24/1141 at Compostela, Charter of Alfonso VII and Berengaria to monastery of San Payo de Antealtares.
7/29/1142 at Burgos, Charter of ‘Adefonsus Hispanie imperator … cum uxore mea Berengaria’
8/1142, ‘Adefonsus Hispanie imperator … cum uxore mea Berengaria’ confirmed a donation to the Cathedral of Coria.
1143, Alfonso Henriques, King of Portugal, recognized as a vassal of Alfonso VII.
10/29/1143, ‘Adefonsus Hispanie imperator … cum uxore mea Berengaria’ donated ‘ecclesiam sancti Vincentii de Salamantica’ to Cluny. (S) FMG.
4/25/1144 at Salamanca, Charter of Alfonso VII, Berengaria, and son Sancho to the Cathedral Salmanca.
1144, Alfonso captured Cordoba from the Muslims [but lost it soon afterwards].
1145, Alfonso granted the Charter of Oviedo: in Toledo, no Jewish convert, or any offspring of such convert, might at any time have the right to public office in Toledo and its territory. (S) The Civil Law in Spain, Walton, P9. [This is the oldest known authentic official document written in Spanish.]
5/1146, Alfonso captured Cordorba. [The invasion of southern Spain by the Almohads would keep Alfonso in military conflicts his whole career.]
1/1147, Alfonso captured Calatrava, a key fortress linking Toledo and Andalusia.
1147, Alfonso, with the help of English, French, German, and Flemish crusaders, captured Santarem and Lisbon.
10/1147, Alfonso captured Almeria from the Moors, a rich port city. [Lost again in 1157].
11/1147, Alfonso awared Garcia Perez, a Leonese, two villages in Tierra de Campos for his conquest of Baiza and Almeria. (S) Aristocracy in 12th Century Leon and Castile, Barton, 2002, P106.
1148, Alfonso’s crusade against Jaen failed.
1148, Alfonso captured Tortosa. (S) FMG.
12/15/1149, Charter of Alfonso VII and Sancho, king, to the inhabitants of Toledo.
Aft. 1149, Berengaria died.
1150, Alfonso’s crusade against Cordoba failed.
1/1151, Alfonso VII and Ramon Berenguer IV by the Treaty of Tudejen partioned the conquering of the kingdom of Navarre. (S) Spain, 1157-1300, Linehan, 2011.
1151, Alfonso sent emissaries to Germany to arrange for a marriage. [Richeza was a prime candidate as the neice of King Conrad III.]
1152, Alfonso’s crusade against Gaudix failed.
Bef. 11/25/1152, Alfonso married Richeza.
10/12/1153 at Sahagun, Alfonso VII, Rica, and Sancho and Fernando, sons, issued a charter to the monastery of Sahagun.
10/1154, Because of rumors that Constance was not legitimate, King Louis VII traveled to Castile under the pretext of a pilgrimage to Saint Jacques, Gallicia. Alfonso met Louis at Burgos and established the legitimacy of his daughter.(S) The Capetians, Bradbury, 2007, P165.
1/28/1155, ‘Adefonsus Imperator Hispaniæ . ..cum uxore mea Imperatrice Domina Rica et cum filiis meis Sancio et Ferrando Regibus’ donated property to the bishop of Segovia. (S) FMG.
1155, Alfonso confirmed the Charter of Aviles.
12/28/1155 at Palencia, Alfonso VII, Rica, and Sancho and Fernando, kings, issued a charter to the monastery of Stant Maria de Varzana.
6/1156, Alfonso became severly ill. (S) Social Origins of Medieval Institutions, O’Callaghan, 1998, P100.
1156, Alfonso VII, Rica, and Sancho and Fernando, kings, issued a charter to Pedro Garcia, alcalde de Baeza.
1157, Alfonso captured Jaen. (S) FMG.
8/21/1157, Alfonso VII, Emperor of all of Spain, died while returning from an expedition against Almeria.
1159, Richeza moved to the kingdom of Aragon.
1161, Richeza married Count Ramon Berenguer II of Provence, g/so Ramon Berenguer III & Dolça de Gévaudaun.
1166, Count Ramon Berenguer II died at the siege of Nice.
By 1167, Richeza married Albert III of Everstein and moved to Germany.
1185, Richeza died.
(S) The Kingdom of Leon-Castilla Under King Alfonso VII, Reilly, 1998. (S) Crisis of the 12th Century, Bisson, 2009. (S) History of Medieval Spain, O’Callaghan, 1975. (S) The Lara Family, Doubleday, 2001. (S) Calixtus II, Stroll, 2004.

Children of Alfonso and Berenguela:
i. Sancho III of Castile (94555156) born 1134 in Spain.
ii. Sancha of Castile (94555187), born ~1136 in Spain.
iii. Ferdinand II of Leon (47277576), born 1137 in Spain.
iv. Constance of Castile (94555167), born 1141 in Spain.
Child of Alfonso and Richeza:
i. Sanchia of Castile (94555145) born 9/21/1154 in Spain.

Saturday, December 29, 2012

G28: 189110276 Duke Guillaume IX

189110276. Duke Guillaume IX, the Troubador & 189110277. Countess Philippa of Toulouse

10/22/1071, Guillaume born in Aquitaine, France, s/o §Guillaume VIII of Aquitaine & Audearde of Burgundy [Guillaume’s 3rd wife.]

Philippa born in Toulouse, d/o §William IV of Toulouse.

Philippa 1st married Sancho Ramirez I, King of Aragon [3rd wife, no children.].

1086, Guillaume’s father died.

1087, Guillaume 1st married Ermengarde, d/o 378220544. Fulk IV of Anjou. [No children. Guillaume’s father made a trip to Rome to receival papal approval of the marriage and birth due to consanguinity of his parents.]

1088, Guillaume succeeded his father.

1089, Legate Amatus held a council in Bordeaux in which he obtained his own election to the archbishopric of the city, against the will of Duke William. (S) France in the Making, Dunbabin, 2000, P159.

1091, Guillaume’s marriage to Ermengarde dissolved.

6/4/1094, Philippa’s husband died [at the battle of Huesca.]

1094, Guillaume married Philippa.

12/25/1095, Pope Urban II spent Christmas at Guillaume’s court, when the Pope urged Guillaume to take up the cross of a crusader. (S) Medieval France, Kibler, 1995, P56.

1096, Pope Urban II threatened Duke William with the interdiction of all his lands if he did not force his vassal, Eble, to restore the Island of Oleron to the monastery of the Trinity of Vendome. (S) Cultures of Power, Bisson, 1995, P273.

1098, Guillaume, with the support of its Bishop, captured Toulouse. [Philippa’s uncle was away on crusade.]

1098, A charter of St. Sernin de Toulouse: William of Acquitaine, count of Poitiers and ‘Pictavensis et Tolose … nomine Philippa … filia W. comitis’. (S) England and Her Neighbors, Jones, 2003, P36.

1100, William Rufus, king of England, in negotiations with Duke William about conquering France. (S) History of the Norman Conquest of England, V5, Freeman, 1876, P-XI. [The 2 Williams were 3rd cousins.]

8/2/1100, Henry I crowned King of England.

10/1100, William of Aquitaine, an ally of excommunicated King Philip of France, took the cross at Limoges.

1101, Fontevraud abbey founded.

3/1101, Guillaume a leader of the crusade to the holy land. [William would meet up with Welf of Bavaria who left a month later.]

6/1101, William of Aqutaine and Welf of Bavaria reached Constantinople.

7/1101, William of Aqutaine and Welf of Bavaria crossed the Bosphorus.

9/1101, Guillaume’s army defeated by the Turks at Heraclea, Guillaume barely escaping and reaching Antioch with only 6 surviving companions.

1101-2, William accompanied the prince of Antioch to Jerusalem.

1102, William was back in Poitiu.

1107, William, count of Poitou, used a seal on his documents. (S) Queens in Stone and Silver, Nolan, 2009, P79.

8/3/1108, Louis VI crowned King of France. William refused to do homage to the new king.

1108, Bertrand of Saint-Gilles took Toulouse with support of the Bishop who no longer supported William.

1113, William again attacked Toulouse when Count Bertrand was in Tripoli.

4/1112, Count Bertrand died in the Holy Lands.

1114, Guilluame excommunicated for an infringement of the Church’s tax privileges. [William imprisoned the Bishop that had excommunicated him.]

1114-15, Guillaume took up with the wife of one of his vassals, Maubergeonne de L’Isle Bouchard, mother of his son’s future wife.

1114-15, William excommunicated by Gerard, bishop of Angouleme, a papal legate, for abandoning his legitimate wife.  Philippa had raised the issue at the council of Reims, declaring the woman named Malberge, wife of viscount Chatellerault, had replaced her in his bed. (S) Crime and Punishment, Classen, 2012, P50. [This negated William’s claim to Toulouse.]

1116, Philippa retired to the abbey of Fontrevault [also the home of Guillaume’s 1st wife].

11/28/1118, Philippa died at the abbey. Ermengarde, upon the death of Philippa, left Fontevrault for the Poitevin court, demanding to be reinstated as the Duchess of Aquitaine.

1119, William, during and illness, composed his lament ‘Pos de chantar me’es pres talenz.’ (S) Eleanor of Aquitaine, Courtly Love, … Swabey, 2004, P115.

10/1119, Ermengarde appeared at the Council of Reims being held by Pope Calixtus II and demanded that the Pope excommunicate William, oust his mistress from the ducal palace, and restore herself to her rightful place [denied.]

5/1120, William began a crusade against the North African Almoravids in Spain with the King of Aragon.

1120-23, Guillaume with Castile and Leon tried to take Cordoba, Spain.

1121, Guillaume arranged for his son and heir to marry a daughter of his mistress.

1123, Guillaume lost control of Toulouse to Count Raymond of Toulouse.

1124, Guillaume supported King Louis VI of France against the invasion of the Lorraine by German Emperor Henry V.

1125, Guillaume invaded Spain, reaching Grenada.

2/10/1126, Guillaume, count of Poitiers and duke of Aquitaine, died of an illness.

(S) Routledge Companion to Medieval Warfare, Bradbury, 2004, P104. (S) 1st Crusade, Riley-Smith, 2009, P162. (S) Nelson’s Encyclopaedia, V10, 1907, P526. (S) Heresy in Medieval France, Taylor, 2005, P41.

Family notes:

·         Guillaume had his mistress’s portrait painted on his shield. (S) She-Wolves, Castor, 2011, P136.

·         During William’s reign, Poitiers, the capital of the duchy, became one of the leading towns in western Europe.

·         Guillaume was the first known troubadour, or lyric poet, employing the Romance vernacular called Provençal or Occitan. 11 of his songs survive, printed in Mahn’s ‘Die Werke der Troubadours’, 1846. 13th Century anonymous writer: The Count of Poitiers was one of the most courtly men in the world and one of the greatest deceivers of women. He was a fine knight at arms, liberal in his womanizing, and a fine composer and singer of songs. He travelled much through the world, seducing women.

·         Guillaume had a sister Inez who married Alfonso VI of Castile and Leon in 1074; but was repudiated in 1077.

·         1064, Guillaume VIII of Aquitaine and Robert Crespin of Normandy joined forces with Ermegol III of Urgell to conquer Barbastro. (S) Possessing the Land, Stalls, 1995, P20.

Children of Guilaume and Philippa:

i. Guillaume X (94555138) born 1099 in France.

ii. Raymond of Antioch, born ? in France.

By 1148, Raymond the ruler of Antioch.

Child of Guilaume and Maubergeonne:

i. Agnes of Aquitaine (378220579) born ~1114  in France.

Friday, December 28, 2012

G28: 189110274 King Henry-Matilda-Isabel

189110274. King Henry I & 189110275. Matilda of Scotland & 378236701. Isabel de Beaumont

9/1068, Henry “Beauclerk” born in Selby, Yorkshire, England, s/o 378220548. William the Conqueror & 378220549. Matilda of Flanders.
Henry was educated in Paris and Cambridge; an accomplished scholar, he was nicknamed “Beauclerk”.
1080, Maud [English name – Scot name Edith] d/o 378220550. King Malcom III & 378220551. Saint Margaret.
1080, Robert of Normandy [eldest brother of future King Henry] on an embassy to Scotland, became the godfather to Matilda.
Matilda educated in England by the nuns at Wilton. (S) King Stephen, King, 2010, P103.
11/2/1083, Henry’s mother Queen Matilda died.
3/1084, Henry was at Abingdon abbey for Easter while his father and brothers were in Normandy.
5/1086, Henry knighted at Westminster by his father.
9/9/1087, Henry’s father died; his oldest brother Robert getting Normandy, and his older brother William Rufus receiving England.
10/1087 in Normandy, Henry witnessed a charter of his brother Robert confirming grants of their father to St. Stephens of Caen.
1088, Robert gave his brother Henry ‘the Cotentin’ [the peninsula with Cherbough at the tip] in exchange for part of his inheritance. [Robert needed money to fund his planned invasion of England – which failed.]
6/1088, “Henry, the king’s brother” attended King William’s court in the south of England.
7/1088, Robert returned to Normandy with Henry, the brother of King William. On landing, they were captured by Robert, duke of Normandy, and imprisoned with Odo of Bayeux.
11/1090, Having been released from prison by his brother Robert, Henry supported Robert in suppressing a rebellion in the city of Rouen. Henry with Robert fought the armed rebels in the streets. Conan, the leader of the rebellion was handed over to Henry, who tossed him from a tower to his death.
4/1091, Henry’s brothers King William and Duke Robert, now allied, besieged Henry at the island abbey of Mont-Saint-Michel on the Cotentin. [The abbey was a good fortress, but lacked a freshwater source.] Henry negotiated terms whereby he was exiled to Brittany and removed from Anglo-Norman succession.
1091-92, While Henry’s brothers were in England, Robert de Beleme’s castle of Domfront was occupied by Henry, brother of King William. [This did not involve a conflict between Robert and Henry.] From Domfront, Henry began “unjustly taking foot-tolls from Quetthou and all of the Cotentin”, and using forced labor to fortify Domfront with new walls.
8/1093, Maud and her brother [eventual King David I of Scotland] sent to the court of King William II. [Where she would meet her husband future Henry Beauclerc (Henry I), “to whom he had long been attached” – Orderic.]
1094, Anselm, archbishop of Canterbury, expressed concern that Matilda had left the cloister [was no longer a nun – meaning he though she had become a nun, and left.]  Matilda named in a letter of Anselm to Osmund, bishop of Salisbury.
1094-95, King William, having little success in his invasion in Normandy, sent for Henry, who joined him in England.
1095, King William sent Henry back to Normandy with a treasury of money to keep pressure on Duke Robert.
~1096, Isabel born in England, d/o 318232092. Earl Robert de Beaumont & 318232093. Isabel de Vermandois.
9/1096, To raise money for a crusade older brother Robert mortgaged his duchy for 10,000 marks to his brother King William. [Which eventually was a basis for Henry’s claim to Normandy.]
1096, Henry’s eldest brother Robert left on crusade.
3/1099, Henry attended King William’s court in England; the first court held in the Great Hall at Westminster.
1099, Henry’s brother Robert returned gloriously from crusade with a new wife. [Who might give Robert and heir.]
8/2/1100, Henry possibly complicit in the death of his brother King William II on a hunting trip in New Forest. Henry seized the English crown while his older brother Robert was returning from crusade to Normandy. [Henry’s brother William had been a very unpopular king. Henry left his body with servants and rode overnight to London.]
8/5/1100, At his coronation Henry announced the “Charter of Liberties”. Those present included brothers Robert and Henry Beaumont; Simon, earl of Northampton; Walter Giffard, Robert de Montfort, Robert Malet, Eudo dapifer, Roger Bigot, and Robert fitz Hamon.
1100-01, Henry made many quick appointments to vacant Sees, losing the income but obtaining many knights services.
1100, Matilda’s selection as the wife of King Henry met with debate because some believed she had once been a nun [which she denied.] (S) King Stephen, King, 2010, P103.
1100, Maud met Anselm, archbishop of Canterbury, at Salisbury before her marriage. Anselm had just returned from exile [in 1097] on the continent. Maud told Anselm that she had lived in the monastery only for education. She said she had never taken vows, and that her father and mother had never intended for her to take the vows. Anselm called an ecclesiastical council to her the case, which ended in favor of Maud.
[–––Henry & Maud–––]
11/11/1100 in London, Henry married Maud. Henry I gave David, brother of Maud, the honor of Huntingdon [manors in 11 counties], made him Prince of Cumbria, and married him to a widowed heiress of Northumberland.
6/2/1101, King Henry assembled his forces at Wartling, from which he had roads that could take him to the coastal cities of Pevensey or Hastings.
7/20/1101, Henry’s brother Robert Curthose invaded England, landing at Portsmouth, claiming his right to the throne. Duke Robert then marched towards Winchester, but stopped short at Alton and waited for King Henry. [As to why Duke Robert, in a superior position, decided to negotiate: Robert was 50 years old, like many of the returned crusaders (and modern military men), his world view of what he wanted to accomplish likely had changed; and he likely did not want to face excommunication for toppling a king that had been anointed.]
8/1101, Henry and Robert ceased warfare by the Treaty of Alton. Henry recognized as King of England, and in exchange, renounced his claim to all lands in Normandy, and agreed to pay Robert 3000 silver marks annually.
12/25/1101, King Louis VI of France [“rex designatus” by his father] at King Henry’s court in London.
1102, Robert de Beleme summoned to the king to answer 45 offenses, which included the construction of Bridgenorth castel, put his castles on defense. Robert got support of his Welsh vassals by promising them freedom. [Over the next 5 months King Henry captured Robert’s castles, along with those of his brothers, and expelled Robert and his brother Arnold from England.]
1102-06, Matilda exchanges a series of letters with Anselm, Archbishop of Canterbury.
1103, Robert, count of Flanders, was given a feif by Henry of £500 annually when he agreed to support Henry while still giving fealty to King Philip. [Robert would help King Henry take Normandy from Duke Robert.]
4/21/1103, King Henry sent Anselm, Archbishop of Canterbury, to Rome on embassy to the Pope. Upon arriving, his escort gave the Pope a letter exiling Anselm from England. King Henry then had the income from Canterbury as a vacant See.
1103, Queen Matilda, at Exeter, made a grant witnessed by Michael of Hanslope.
1103, Henry’s brother Robert forgave Henry’s debt of 3000 marks annually required by the Treaty of Alton; agreeing to remand the debt to Queen Matilda.
12/1103, King Henry held Christmas court at Westminster [Then Easter court at Winchester.]
8/1104, Henry invaded Normandy and convinced William, count of Evreux to switch allegiance.
8/1104, Queen Matilda, traveling around England, was in Oxfordshire visiting the abbey at Abindgon, to which she donated property.
1104, in London, Robert Malet attested a writ of Queen Matilda.
12/1104, King Henry held Christmas court at Windsor.
1105, Henry invaded Normandy, landing at Barfleur, in response to his brother Robert’s claim on England, and the capture of Robert fitz Hamon, one of his closest advisors [and father of his son Robert of Caen’s wife]. Henry torched Bayeux in freeing Robert fitz Hamon. Henry then captured Caen, which surrendered, giving him possession of the Norman treasury.
4/1105, At the Easter court, Queen Matilda invited her brother David to watch her wash the feet of lepers ‘imitatio Christi’ [which David refused.] (S) Power of the Weak, Carpenter, 1995, P132. 
4/1105, Henry laid siege to Falaise. Robert fitz Hamon was injured in the siege and never recovered.
5/1105, King Henry ended his campaign and agreed to meet with his brother Duke Robert Curthose.
1105, Queen Matilda held an itinerant court at York, where a document was witnessed by Robert Malet.
12/1105, Queen Matilda granted the tithes of Laughton to the canons of St. Peter’s, York. [Confirmed by King Henry on Christmas day.]
12/1105, King Henry’s Christmas court at Westminster. Robert de Belesme departed from King Henry in enmity, and left England for Normandy.
1105-06, Queen Matilda wrote to Anselm, archbishop of Canterbury, telling him she had filled the vacant abbacy at Malmesbury, appointing Aedulf, the sacristan at Winchester. Matilda wrote that she had reserved the bestowing of the ring and staff for Anselm. [Anselm opposed the appointment, but it was maintained until her death.]
1/1106, King Henry in England where Duke Robert visited him.
1106, Queen Matilda received a letter from German Emperor Henry V in which he thanked her for her previous favors and asked for held in dealing with a count in Normandy that was intercepting his messengers.
8/1106, King Henry, preparing to return to Normandy, appointed Queen Maud as regent while he was gone.
8/15/1106, King Henry was back in Normandy where he met Anselm, Archbishop of Canterbury, and agreed to terms over investiture of clerics [formally implemented in 1107.]
8/1106, King Henry captured the abbey of Saint-Pierre-sur-Dives.
9/1106, Queen Matilda waited at Dover to meet Anselm, Archbishop of Canterbury, here good friend, on his arrival.
9/1106, King Henry joined some of his forces he had sent to Tinchebray to lay siege to William, count of Mortain. Duke Robert arrived and ordered King Henry to end the siege as William was his vassal in legitimate possession of the castle.
9/28/1106, Henry captured his brother Robert, Duke of Normandy, at the battle of Tichebrai. [Henry imprisoned Robert for the rest of his life, about 25 years]. Henry then took Duke Robert to order the surrender of Falaise, then on to Rouen.
10/15/1106 at Lisieux, King Henry, now Duke of Normandy, held a council of magnates.
12/1106, King Henry held Christmas court in Normandy.
1/8/1107, Matilda’s brother Edgar died, her brother David became king of Southern Scotland. Their older brother Alexander I became king of the North. [With King Henry’s consent.]
5/1107, King Henry returned to England.
6/1107, The Concordat of London settles a dispute between King Henry and Anselm, Archbishop of Canterbury, that no one should be invested as a bishop or abbot in England by the king or any lay authority.
1107, Queen Matila, from Normandy, issued a writ ordering the monks of Blyth not to interfer with the tithes of the church, which were donated to St. Peter’s.
1107-08, Queen Matilda, with extensive holdings in the west end of the city of London, used the land to endow a new house of Austin canons, which included the tithes of 7 churches in the area.
1108, King Henry decreed that pence should be round.
8/3/1108, Louis VI crowned King of France.
By 8/1108, King Henry went to Normandy for the beginning of many conflicts with the new King of France.
12/1108, King Henry held Christmas court in Normandy.
Bef. 1109, Letter of Emperor Henry V [who married Matilda’s daughter Matilda in 1110], thanks the queen for her good will and help and asks her to maintain them.
5/1109, King Henry returned to England.
6/1109, King Henry held court at Westminster where the conditions for the marriage of his daughter with the King of the Germans were finalized.
10/17/1109, Queen Matilda present at the King’s council at Nottingham. At the council, King Henry changed the abbey of Ely into an episcopal See.
1110, King Henry gave his daughter Matilda in marriage to Henry, king of the Germans.
1110, Henry renewed his arrangement with Robert, count of Flanders.
1111, King Henry summoned Geoffrey Brito to his court in England [Geoffrey eventuall became archbishop of Rouen later in the year and a personal diplomat for King Henry.]
By 8/1111, King Henry left England for Normandy.
8/11/1111, Queen Matilda attested a charter confirming rights and privileges to the city of Bath and its Bishop.
8/1111-5-1112, Queen Matilda confirmed the gifts of Bishop Samson to the church of Worcester.
9/1111,Queen Matilda, acting as regent, administered the court of the Exchequer.
1111-12, Queen Matilda, at Winchester with 2 bishops and 5 abbots, witnessed the translation of the relics of St. Aethelwold.
1112, King Henry [spending the year in Normandy] imprisoned earl Robert de Belesme at Keresburch.
1112, Queen Matilda at St. Peter’s of Gloucester when Robert Gernon gave 2 churches to the monastic chapter.
7/1113, King Henry returned to England.
1113, King Henry arranged the marriage of King David of Scotland and Matilda of Huntingdon. (S) King John, Warren, 1978, P177. [King Henry ‘persuaded by the arguments and petitions of the queen to agree to the alliance.’]
12/1113, King Henry held his Christmas court at Windsor. [The only court for a year.]
1114, Queen Matilda and her son William visited the new site for Merton priory.
7/1114, King Henry I led his first invasion in Wales against Gruffydd and Owain of Powys. Gruffydd came to terms with the king.
1114, The Thames river became so low that it could be crossed by wading in some parts; and a comet was visible for many nights.
9/1114, King Henry went to Normandy, leaving Queen Matilda as regent.
12/1114, King Henry held Christmas court in Normandy, where he had the Norman barons swear allegiance to his son William Adelin.
7/1115, King Henry returned to England, where the winter had been severe.
9/1115, Queen Matilda an intermediary between Ralph, archbiship of Canterbury, and Robert, count of Meulan.
12/1115, King Henry held Christmas court at St. Albans.
5/1115, King Henry went to Normandy where he captured several castles, and aided his nephew Theobald of Blois against the King of France.
12/25/1115, King Henry  present at the dedication of the church of St Albans, which Robert, the bishop of Lincoln, dedicated for Richard, the famous abbot. (S) American Intellectual Tradition, V1, Huntingdon, 1996, P461.
1115-16, Queen Matilda, after the death of her sister Mary, issued a charter in favor of the monks of Durham; naming the members of her family as the spiritual beneficiaries.
3/19/1116 at Salisbury, King Henry had his magnates swear homage to his son William Adelin.
4/1116, King Henry left for Normandy, leaving Queen Matilda as regent.
1116, Pope Paschal granted permission to King Henry to act as his representative in England.
4-5/1116 in London, Queen Matilda involved in the freeing of a prisoner of Ralph Basset, the justiciar, who had imprisoned the person on charges of usury and concealment of the king’s treasure.
1117, King Henry in Normandy heavily taxed the residents to raise an army against the French King.
7/1117, The King of France, supported by the earl of Flanders entered Normandy; but retreated after one night.
5/1/1118, Maud died at Westminster; buried in the abbey.
1118, King Henry sent an embassy to Constantinople to procure relics of the saints.
10-11/1118, King Henry at Rouen held a council to discuss the peace of the realm and met with Geoffry, bishop of Rouen to discuss affairs of the church.
1118-19, Hugh de Gournay fortified his castles of Gournay, La Ferte, and Gaillefontaine in Normandy and made forays into Pays de Caux. He took many persons, including women and children, captive for ransoms. King Henry countered with an attack into Pays de Brai with a thousand men, and unsuccessfully layed siege to la Ferte.
2/1119, Juliane, d/o King Henry, married to Eustace de Breteuil of Pacy, attempted to kill her father with a crossbow during the assault of the castle of Breteuil. [Henry had allowed her hostaged daughters to be blinded.]
6/1119, King Henry, with Stephen of Blois, attacked Amaury de Montfort at Evreux. They burnt the city, but Amaury was able to hold out in the citadel.
1119, The organization of the Templars was founded to protect pilgrims in the Holy Land. (S) Chronicles of the Age of Chivalry, 2000, P181.
8/20/1119, At the battle of Bremule, France, Henry defeated an alliance of French forces. Between the two sides a thousand knights were engaged. This battle solidified Henry’s claim to Normandy. Henry I suffered a blow to the head, but was saved by his chain mail. King Louis lost his horse and his banner. Henry returned to Rouen; Louis went on to burn Ivry and Chartres. (S) Dictionary of Battles, Eggenberger, 1967, P61.
11/1119, Pope Calixtus II condemned Henry for imprisoning Robert Curthose and arresting Robert of Belleme.
12/25/1119, King Henry holds his Christmas court at Bayeux.
2/15/1120, King Henry met with Pope Calixtux II at Gisors near Vienne. (S) Calixtus II, Stroll, 2004, P43.
By 4/1120, Amaury de Montfort and Hugh de Gournay made peace with King Henry.
11/25/1120, Henry’s son and only male heir died at sea returning to England after giving homage to King Louis for the duchy of Normandy [known as the White Ship disaster – many sons of nobles died].           
12/25/1120, King Henry was at Brampton near Huntingdon for Christmas. Theobald, count of Blois, was with him.
[–––Henry & Adeliza–––]
1/29/1121 at Windsor castle, King Henry married Adeliza de Louvain as part of a truce with Anjou. [Adeliza d/o Godfrey, duke of Louvain.]
4/1121, Henry spent Easter at Berkeley. [The castle would be constructed by Henry II.]
12/1121, King Henry was at Windsor.
1122, King Henry spent Easter at Northampton, Pentecost at Windsor, then traveled to London, Kent, and Durham in Northumbria.
1122 at Worms, An agreement between the papacy and the empires that clergy would elect the bishops, the church consecrate the bishops, and the king give the regalia.
1122, Henry attacked Waleran IV Bellemonte and Amaury de Montfort in Normandy. Waleran retreated to his castle of Brionne. Henry laid siege.
12/1122, King Henry was at Dunstable, and then proceeded to Berkhampstead.
1/10/1123, Robert Bloet, bishop of Lincoln, riding with King Henry in the deer park at Woodstock, suffered a fatal stroke. (S) Henry I, Hollister, 2003, P333.
10/1123, Henry captured the castle of Brionne.
1124, King Henry spent the year in Normandy in battle with the Louis, king of France.
1124, Waleran de Beaumont, earl of Mellent, revolted against King Henry.
1124, Emperor Henry V, King Henry’s son-in-law, mobilized an army to intervene in the affairs of northern France [the Lorraine] in support of King Henry. (S) The Normans, Crouch, 2006, P197. [The Emperor was easily repelled by King Louis VI.]
1124, King Henry and Queen Adeliza viewed the body of St. Romanus at Rouen. (S) Haskins Society Journal, Patterson, 2003, P131.
4/16/1125, Returning from Vatteville, Amaury de Montfort and Waleran de Beaumont ambushed; Waleran was captured. Waleran surrendered his castles to King Henry.
Aft. 5/23/1125, King Henry’s daughter Matilda recalled to court after the death of her 1st husband.
1125, King Henry founded an abbey at Reading in Berkshire and gave it a mint and one moneyer. (S) Annals of the Coinage of Great Britain, V1, Ruding, 1840, P165.
1126, King Henry in Normandy most of the year.
1126, Henry de Blois recovered multiple manors for his abbey of Glaston from his uncle, King Henry. (S) History of the Abbey of Glaston, Warner, 1826, P16.
12/1126, King Henry held his Christmas court at Windsor. David, king of the Scots, was in attendance. (S) An Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, Swanton, 1998, P256.
1/1/1127 at Woodstock, King Henry arranged for his barons to swear an oath to his daughter Matilda.
1127, Robert earl of Gloucester, and Henry, king of the English and duke of the Normans, attested a grant by Stephen, count of Boulogne and Mortain, to St. Mary of Furness of his forest of Furness and Walney. (S) Monasticon Anglicanum, Dugdale, 1846, P244.
1128, King Henry invaded France to draw the forces of the French king away from conflicts in Flanders between William Clito and Thierry of Alsace.
7/28/1128, William Clito died of a hand wound at the siege of Alost in Flanders. Before he died, William wrote to his uncle, King Henry, and asked for pardons for his supporters.
1129, King Henry grants the city of Liverpool its first charter. (S) The Stranger in Liverpool, 1839, P54.
Bef. 12/15/1129, King Henry made his nephew Henry de Blois, son of his sister Adela [and brother of future King Stephen], Bishop of Glastonbury. [Date of consecration by the Archbishop of Canterbury.] (S) Roman Catholic Bishops, Cassan, 1827, P147.
3/30/1130, King Henry was at Woodstock for Easter; at which court Geoffrey de Clinton was accused of treason against the king. (S) American Intellectual Tradition, V1, Huntingdon, 1996, P487.
9/8/1130, King Henry called a great assembly at Northampton. He had his daughter Matilda with him.
9/29/1130, King Henry crossed to Normandy.
10/1130, King Henry met Bernard of Clairvaux to solicit support for Innocent II as the new Pope. [Innocent II had fled Rome after two competing popes had been elected.]
1/1131, at Chartres, King Henry met with Pope Innocent II and declared his support. (S) The Jews in Medieval Normandy, Golb, 1998, P199.
1131, King Henry had a 3-part vision documented by John of Worcester. (S) Three Studies in Medieval Religious and Social Thought, Constable, 1998, P315.
1132, King Henry forced Abbot Henry [King Henry’s nephew] from Petersborough.
8/1132, King Henry crossed to the sea to Normandy, never to return to England. (S) Chronicle of John of Worcester, 1998, P211.
3/1133, in Le Mans, France, King Henry at the baptism of his grandson [future King Henry II.] (S) The Normans, Crouch, 2006, P200.
5/1133, Most of London including the church of St. Paul the Apostle was destroyed by fire.
1133, King Henry made Carlisle into a bishop’s see; giving it jurisdiction of part of Cumberland and Westmorland, in the province of York. (S) Winkle’s Architectural …, Moule, 1836, P18.
1133, Inquisitions at Bayeux show the bishop of King Henry, as duke of Normandy, 10 knights for service to the king of France. (S) Henry II, Harper-Bill, 2007, P75.
8/3/1134, Robert, the king’s older brother, in the 28th year of imprisonment, died in Cardiff.
11/1135, King Henry went hunting at Lyons-la-Foret, east of Rouen.
12/1/1135, King Henry I died in Rouen, Normandy, after over-eating lampreys. King Henry was attended by Hugh, archbishop of Rouen; who wrote the Pope of King Henry’s death.
(S) Epistolæ. (S) Conqueror’s Son, Lack, 2007. (S) The Capetians, Bradbury, 2007. (S) King William the Conqueror, Evans, 1956. (S) Annals of Roger de Hovenden, V1, 1853. (S) Church Historians of England, Pt1, 1856. (S) Matilda of Scotland, Huneycutt, 2003.

Family notes:

·         Henry I was popular as the 1st Prince born in England.
·         Henry had many “illegitimate” children.

Children of Henry and Maud:                                        
i. Empress Matilda (94555137), born 3/1102 in England.
ii. William Adelin, born 8/5/1103 in England.

2/1113, William’s marriage to Matilda, d/o Fulk of Anjou, arranged.
6/1119 at Lisieux, William married Matilda.
1115, William received the homage of the barons of Normandy.
3/1116, William received the homage of the barons of England.
1118, After the death of his mother, William acted as regent when his father was not in England.
11/25/1120, William [and a lot of other nobility] died in a ship wreck while returning from Normandy.

Children of Henry and ?:
i. Robert de Caen, (159916042), born ~1086. [Eldest of the illegitimate children.]
ii. Reginald de Dunstanville (79849538), born ~1108 in England.
iii. Constance Plantagenet (79959493), born ~1110 in England. [5th natural daughter.]
Children of Henry and Isabel [mistress]:
iv. Princess Elizabeth (319832113) born ~1110 in England.

Wednesday, December 26, 2012

G28: 189110272 Anjou-Maine

189110272. Fulk V of Anjou & 189110273. Erembourg of Maine

1090, Fulk born in Anjou, France, s/o 378220544. Fulk IV of Anjou & 378220545. Bertrade de Montfort.
1092, Fulk’s mother left her husband and became the lover of King Philip I of France.
~1095, Erembourg born in Maine, France, d/o 378220546. Helias le Fleche.
8/2/1100, Henry I crowned King of England.
1103, Fulk [the father] disinherited his eldest son Geoffrey in favor of Fulk V. In a subsequent conflict, Geoffrey, with the help of Elias le Fleche forced Fult [the father] to abdicate.
1104, Fulk V [Fulk the younger] assented to a quitclaim made in favour of the abbey of St-Aubin by Geoffrey, his older half brother and co-ruler of Anjou with Fulk, their father.
12/7/1104, Fulk and his father confirmed the previous concession of Geoffrey.
Erembourg 1st married to Geoffrey Martel, co-count of Anjou [Fulk’s older brother.]
1/19/1105, Fulk publicly confirmed his assent to Geoffrey’s quitclaim by placing a knife of the altar of the church.
5/1106, Fulk’s older brother Geoffrey died in battle from a poison arrow, leaving him as heir. Fulk was at the court of King Philip, who had Duke William of Acquitaine escort Fulk back to his father. (S) England Under the Angevin Kings, P229.
8/3/1108, Louis VI crowned King of France.
1108, King Louis invested Fulk, a minor at his court, as heir to his own father of Anjou and designated William, duke of Potiers to conduct Fulk to his father. William, once in his own lands, imprisoned Fulk.
1108-09, Fulk’s mother Bertrade, step-mother of King Louis, worked from court to obtain Fulk’s release.
4/14/1109, Fulk, Count of Anjou on the death of his father.
4/14/1109, Fulk and his sister Ermengarde manumitted a serf for the sake of their father’s soul and the remission of their own sins.
By 1109, Erembourg’s father died.
1109, Fulk faced a situation in which Angevin barons were holding castles which once had been comital, and aligning themselves with the counts of Blois and Poitou. Fulk captured Doue and L’Ile Bouchard. (S) France in the Making, Dunbabin, 2000, P334.
1109, Fulk married Erembourg, uniting Anjou and Maine.
1109-24, A dispute between layman and the canons of St-Vincent du Mans settled in the city of Le Mans before Count Fulk and Bishop Hildebert.
1109-11, There was widespread famine in France.
7/1110, Erembourg’s father died.
1111, Fulk of Anjou began to ‘hold Maine against the king’ [King Henry of England.] (S) Henry I and the Anglo-Norman World, Fleming, 2007, P73.
1111, Amaury of Montfort encouraged his nephew Fulk V to conduct a raid into Normandy, Fulk subsequently appealed to Louis VI for military assistance. (S) Angevin Society and the Early Crusades, Blincoe, 2008, P138.
1112, Fulk besieged Brissac and subdued Eschivard of Preuilly.
2/23/1113, By the Treaty of Pierre Pecoulee, Fulk did homage to King Henry I of England for Maine, and arranged for his daughter Matilda to marry William, s/o King Henry.
1114, Fulk involved in a general barons war.
1116, Fulk formed and alliance with King Louis VI. (S) Gothic King’s of Britain, Potter, 2008, P53.
1117, Fulk V, count of Anjou, founded the priory of La Fontaine Saint-Martin in the diocese of Le Mans. (S) Brittany and the Angevins, Everard, 2000, P66.
7/1118, Fulk V of Anjou supported King Louis VI of France against the forces of King Henry I of England, which included Theobald of Blois. Fulk razed the castle of La Motte-Gautier de Clerichamp.
1118, At the battle of Alencon, Theobald was wounded in the forehead by an arrow, and Fulk took the town. The burghers of Alencon invited Fulk to take over their city.
1119, Fulk and King Louis invaded Normandy hoping to take Gisors [in support of William Clito, son of Robert, Duke of Normandy, brother of King Henry I.]
6/1119, at Lisieux, as part of a peace agreement, Fulks’ daughter Matilda married King Henry’s son William.
8/20/1119, King Louis and his forces defeated at the battle of Bremule by King Henry I. A thousand knights were engaged; 80 French knights were killed.
1120s, Robert the Burgundian [de Craon] lived at the court of Fulk of Anjou.
6/1120, Fulk left for the Holy Land where he met Baldwin II, king of Jerusalem. (S) Angevin Society and the Early Crusades, Blincoe, 2008, P284.
11/25/1120, William, son of King Henry I, died in the White Ship wreck while returning to England from Normandy. Fulk requested, and got, the return of his daughter Matilda.
1121, Amaury de Montfort again tried to form an alliance against King Henry with Fulk of Anjou. He arranged for Fulk’s daughter Sibyl to marry William Clito.
1123, Fulk opposed the annulment of the marriage of his daughter Sybilla with William Clito by Pope Honorius II on the grounds of consanguinity.
1123, Fulk, aligned with Amaury de Montfort in support of William Clito attacked various parts of King Henry’s duchy of Normandy. Fulk attacked the lord of Doue who had revolted.
1124, Fulk took Montreuil-Bellay after a siege of 9 weeks.
1126, King Louis VI had to defend the Bishop of Clermont to Auvergne, opposing William, count of Avuergne. Louis, with Charles the Good of Flanders, Fulk V of Anjou, and Conan of Brittany, and Norman knights, besieged the castle at Montferrand. William X, duke of Aquitaine, who was overlord of the castle, questioned Louis’ authority, but was forced to accept Louis’ authority. After capturing the castle, Louis had the hands of those captured cut off.
1126, Erembourg died.
1127, Fulk allied with King Henry I of England; and arranged for his son to marry Henry’s daughter.
1127, Robert of Craon witnessed a charter of Fulk in the Touraine. [Robert later became the Templar Grand Master.]
9-10/1127, An embassy from Baldwin II, king of Jerusalem, which included Gautier de Bures and Templar Hugh de Payns, arrived to visit Fulk in Anjou, offering Baldwin’s daughter as his bride.
5/22/1128 in Le Mans Cathedral, Anjou, Fulk’s son Geoffrey “the Fair”, age 15, married Matilda. [The Plantagenet name apparently arises from the broom (genet) plant.]
5/31/1128, Fulk of Anjou took the cross in Le Mans.
1128, Widowed Fulk chosen as successor to King Baldwin II of Jerusalem.
6/22/1129, Fulk married Queen Melisende, d/o King Baldwin II of Jerusalem.
11/1129, Fulk of Anjou and Baldwin II failed in an attack on Damascus.
1131, at the Church of the Holy Sepucher, Baldwin, near death, called for Fulk and Melisande, who brought their son Baldwin with them. Baldwin transferred the kingdom prior to his death.
8/21/1131, The death of Baldwin II, king of Jerusalem.
9/14/1131, Fulk became King of Jerusalem, Melisande crowned queen, in the Church of the Holy Sepulcher.
1132, Fulk marched against Alice of Antioch, Melisande’s sister, who had been exiled by their father, but had returned and taken control of the city. (S) Crusade of Kings, Peoples, 2007, P65.
1133, Fulk learned that the Turks had invaded from Persia and were attacking Antioch. Fulk left to Antioch and was met on the trip by Cecilia, Fulk’s half sister by his mother and the King of France, who was married to the count of Tripoli. Cecilia requested help for her husband who was under attack at Montferrand.
1133, Fulk marched towards Montferrand, which caused the Zengi, atabeg of Aleppo, to abandon his siege.
1134, Fulk repulsed numerous attacks on the city Antioch.
1134, Fulk accused Hugh II of Le Puiset, count of Jaffa, of adultery with Melisende. Hugh was sentenced to 3 years in exile.
12/22/1135, Stephen crowned king of England.
1136, Fulk and Melisande reconciled.
1136, Fulk of Anjou ordered the castle at Beer Sheva in order to blockade Ashquelon. (S) The Holy Land, Murphy-O’Connor, 2008, P214.
8/1/1137, Louis VII succeeded as king of France.
8/1137, Fulk defeated in battle near Barin [Montferrand], and captured by the Turks [Zengi], but later freed.
1138, Melisande, wife of Fulk, added a large abbey complex next to the Tomb of Lazarus. (S) Rough Guide to Israel, Jacobs, 1998, P416.
6/24/1139-3/29/1140, Fulk V of Anjou, king of Jerusalem, visited by an Arab-Syrian warrior. During the visits Fulk would sell to the visitor his captives. (S) An Arab-Syrian Gentleman and Warrior, Munquidh, 2000, P110.
1140, Fulk constructed the crusader fortress, the Citadel in Safed. (S) Rough Guide to Israel, Jacobs, 1998, P241.
8/15/1141, Fulk adjudicated a claim by the canons of St-Julien to revenues, and to exercise rights over parts of the city of Le Mans’ fortifications.
11/13/1143, Fulk killed in Acre in a hunting accident, crushed by his falling horse, he died 3 days later.
(S) The Capetians, Bradbury, 2007. (S) Conqueror’s Son, Lack, 2007. (S) Transactions – Royal Hist. Soc., V5, 1996, P43. (S) Crusader States, Barber, 2012, P361. (S) Real Hist. Behind the Templars, Newman, 2007. (S) Anglo-Norman Studies 32, Lewis, 2009, P29.
Family notes:
·         William of Tyre wrote “Fulk was a redhead … faithful, gentle, and unlike most of that coloring, affable, kind and merciful.”

Children of Fulk and Erembourg:
i. Geoffrey Plantagenet (94555136), born 8/24/1113 in Anjou, France.
ii. Elias Plantagenet, born ?.

1131, Geoffrey’s brother Elias, count of Maine, rebelled against him. Geoffrey captured Elias and imprisoned him in Tours. [He died soon after being released from a disease contracted in prison.]

iii. Sybil of Anjou (189110411), born ~1117 in Anjou, France.
Children of Fulk and Melisende:
i. Baldwin III, born 1130 in Jerusalem.

9/11/1161, Baldwin’s mother died.
1162, Baldwin died.

ii. Alamaric, born 1134 in Jerusalem.

Tuesday, December 25, 2012

G28: 188998248 Lusignan

188998248. Hugh de Lusignan & 188998249. Orengarde ?

8/1/1137, Louis VII succeeded as king of France.

~1140, Hugh « the Brown » born in Lusignan, France; s/o 377996496. Hugh VIII de Lusignan & 377996497. Burgundia de Racon.

12/19/1154, Henry II crowned king of England.

8/1164, Hugh’s father, Hugh VIII, died on crusade; Hugh became lord of Lusignan.

1165-69, Hugh, son of Burgundia, made a grant to the abbey of Absie.

1168, Nearly all the land south of the Loire had broken into open rebellion under the counts of Angouleme and La Marche, the Lusignan family, and Hugh and Robert of Silly. King mounted an attack on the fortresses of Lusignan, capturing the castle and razing its walls. [The Lusignan family leaders escaped.] (S) Eleanor of Aquitaine, Meade, 1991.

Bef. 1169, Hugh le Brun, lord of Lusignan, frees the monks [of the abbey of Becheron] from paying tolls in his lands; witnessed by his brother Geoffrey and his mother Lady Burgundia, and [uncles] Simon Brunus, Rorgo, and Galeran.

3/15/1169, Hugh died.                               

(S) The Houses of Lusignan and Chatellerault, Medieval Academy of America, Painter, 1955.

Family notes:

·         [Likely] a sister of Hugh and Ralph married Hugh de Surgeres, Viscount of Chatellerault.

Children of Hugh and Orengarde:

i. Hugh IX de Lusignan (94499124), born 1163 in Lusignan, France.

ii. Ralph d’Exoudun (94559170), born ~1165 in Lusignan, France.

Saturday, December 22, 2012

G28: 162553856 Malet-Neville

162553856. Sir Baldwin Malet & 162553857. Emma Neville   

~1135, Baldwin born in Curry Mallet, Somerset, England, s/o 325107712. Baldwin Malet & 325107713. Avice ?.

~1135, Emma Neville born in England, d/o §Hugh de Neville.

12/22/1135, Stephen crowned king of England.

~1147 Baldwin married Emma.

1150-1155, Baldwin’s father died.

12/19/1154, Henry II crowned king of England.

2/28/1155, Sir Richard Carpenter, priest, instituted as rector of the parish church of Enemere at the presentation of Avice late the wife of Baldwin Malet, knight, lady of Enemere. (S) Register of Nicholas Bubwith, Bishop of Bath and Wells, V2, 1914, P428.

1156, Baldwin returned fees on property.

1166, “Baldwinus Malet 2 milites et 3m partem … ” from Willelmi Malech in Somerset. (S) FMG.

1166, Baldwin was the “terre tenant” of Enmore manor. [This appears to be the time of the split of the Malet families between Enmore and Currey-Malet.]

1169-70, Baldwin in the Somerset in connection with a lawsuit. (S) Genealogists’ Magazine, V8, 1939, P318.

9/3/1189, Richard I crowned king of England.

1191–1197 Baldwin died in Enmore.

(S) Notices of an English Branch of the Malet Family, Arthur Malet, 1885, PP27-28, App. D1-D2. (S) A History of the County of Somerset, V6, 1992.

Family notes:

·         Baldwin Malet [the father], s/o 325107712. Robert Malet.

·         Emma was a step d/o Hugh Fichet & Basilea ?.  G.E.G. Malet, writing in 1938-9 in “The Genealogist” magazine, argues that the Latin terms used in a deed of land in which Baldwin describes Hugh Fichet as his father and Basilea as his mother could equally be interpreted as meaning “Father-In-Law” and “Mother-In-Law. Emma, heiress to the Enmore Estates [which is in conflict with the 1155 record of Avice], held by her mother Basilea in her own right. (S) Sir A.M.'s MSS., Vol. II, P45. [The other theory that Hugh Fichet was really a Malet that changed his name while hiding from the King is more interesting, but much less likely to be true.]

·         After the first deed Baldwin adopted the seal which was affixed to a 2nd existing deed, which must have been executed at a later period. The seal to this deed is very large; on the one side a man, armed with sword and shield, on foot, armored head to foot, with his sword in this right hand, striking at a lion leaping upon him; on the other, two men in gowns talking together, the one having a crown on his head. The circumscription, “Sigillum Baldwini Malet”. The explanation of this seal is that it symbolised the rebellion of William Malet [his ancestor] on the one side, and the reconciliation of the King to Baldwin Malet on the other. (S) Sir A. M.'s MSS., Vol. I, Sup. 1, P3.

Child of William and Emma: