Wednesday, February 29, 2012

G26: 47277600 Avesnes


47277600. James of Avesnes & 47277601. Matilda de Roche

1171, Jaime, Lord of Avesnes, Conde and Leuze [in northern France.]

1175-6, James of Avesnes in a revolt against his overlord Philip of Alsace, count of Flanders. (S) Writing War, Saunders, 2004, P30.

9/18/1180, Philip Augustus succeeded as King of France.

1185, James of Avesnes died homage to Philip Augustus. (S) Kingdoms and Communities, Reynolds, 1984, P54.

5/18/1189, James went on crusade to the holy land; leaving in a fleet of 60 ships from Cologne.

2/1189, James of Avesnes and his army of crusaders were driven ashore in Portugal by a storm. James helped Sancho I reconquer some of his lands taken by Moslems. (S) Orders of the Knighthood, Tagore, 1884, P79.

9/6/1189, James and Sancho captured the town of Silves.

1189, James’ forces reached the Holy land.

By 10/12/1190, The crusaders were besieging Acre; more as a individual units than a coordinated army. James forces were between those of Guy of Lusignan to his north, and the Germans to his south.

6/5/1191, English forces under command of King Richard I arrived at Acre.

7/1191, Acre fell to the crusaders.

7/31/1191, Philip of Alsace, count of Flanders had died. King Philip returned to France leaving 10,000 French crusaders under the command of Hugh III, Duke of Burgundy.

9/5/1191, Jacques, hero of the 3rd crusade, killed at the battle of Arsuf. (S) Ideals and Practice of Medieval Knighthood, V2, 1988, P34.

(S) History of the Crusades, V2, Setton, 2006.

Child of James and Matilda:

i. Bouchard IV (23638800), born 1182 in Flanders.

Tuesday, February 28, 2012

G26: 47277592 Champagne-Navarre


47277592. Thibaut III, Comte de Champagne & 47277593. Blanche of Navarre

By 1179, Blanche born in Navarre, d/o 94555186. Sancho VI el Sabio, King of Navarre & 94555187. Sancha of Castile.

3/17/1181, Thibaut’s father Henry died before he was born.

1181, Thibaut born in France, s/o 94555184. Henry I “the Liberal” & 94555185. Marie of France.

1187, Frederick I refused to give Thibaut, count of Champagen, the heritage of Namur. (S) Medieval Empire, V1, 1898, P274.

1190, Thibaut’s older brother Henry II left for Jerusalem, leaving Champagne to Thibaut. Henry’s mother was acting regent.

9/1197, Henry II died in Jerusalem [he fell through a window].

3/1198, Thibaut’s mother died.

4/1198 at Melun, King Philip II confirmed Thibaut’s succession as Count of Champagne upon Thibaut’s homage for the feifs of Champagne and Brie.

1199, Thibaut purchased Nogent-sur-Seine with 11 enfeoffed knights.

7/1/1199 at Chartres, Thibaut married Blanche. Thibaut invoked a parliament at Chartres to assess the dowry of Blanche. The kings of both England and France attended; as well as Adela, dowager Queen of France, and Berengeria, sister of Blanche. (S) King John, Church, 2003, P188.

11/1199, Thibaut, at a tournament at his castle of Ecri on the Aisne, pledged to join the 4th crusade. (S) The Chronicle, Villehardouin, 1829, P2.

1200, “We, Odo, duke of Burgundy, make known to all men, present and future, that we have received our relative and faithful subject, Theobald of Troyes, as our man for the land which his father, count Henry, held of our father, Hugo, duke of Burgundy, just as the his father, count Henry, was the man of our father.” [Thibaut did homage to the Duke of Burgundy.] (S) Source Book for Medieval History, Thatcher, 1905 P371.

5/24/1201, Thibaut, age 20, died at Troyes before leaving on crusade; Blanche pregnant with their son. Blanche went to King Philip and did homage for her wardship and dower [possibly the 1st homage ever performed by a countess.]

1201, Blanche became regent of Champagne [until 1222.]

2/1202, King Philip directed Blanche to pay 250£ to the Treasurer of the Temple. (S) Early History of Deposit Banking in Mediterranean Europe, V1, Russell, 1967, P81.

1203, Creditors demanded the Countess of Champagne [Blanche] seize the domains of William of Champlitte, who had mortgaged property and could not meet his debts to Jews.

1203, Blanche, countess of Champagne, transformed Count Henry I’s annual memorial dinners [founded in 1177] from a detailed menu to monetary donations to the chapter of Oulchy.

1204, Blanche and the duke of Burgundy signed a percursus agreement [that they would not keep each other’s serfs, but would mutually surrender them.]

1205, Blanche signed a percursus agreement with King Philip; Blanche complaining that the serfs of Champagne had left in great numbers and taken refuge in the king’s free city of Dixmont.

12/1205, Renier of Nogent-en-Bassigny declared that when his son married he would become a liegeman to Countess Blanche and the counts of Champagne.

4/1206, Thibaut I, count of Bar-le-Duc and Luxemburg, announces that he and Countess Blanche of Champagne have exchanged jurisdiction over their women who married men of the other lord. Thibaut agreed that the children from future intermarriages will belong to Blanch, but he retained jurisdiction over the children of his men and women who live in Champagne and marry among themselves. (S) Littere Baronum, Evergates, 2003, P44.

4/1206 at Provens, “I, Robert, count an lord of Dreux and Braine, … agreement between me and my dearest lady Blance, countess of Champagne, … house of Torcy … may not make it higher or encircle it until the countess’s son Thibaut reaches his majority. The countess has allowed me to build a fortress on my allodial land at Fere, …”

1206, Blanche, countess of Champagne, issued a decree that Jews could not charge more than 43% interest. (S) Medieval Jewish Civilization, Roth, 2003, P457.

1207, Blance, countess of Champagne, obliged to take over the debt of the monks of Saint-Benigne.

5/1208, “I, Simon, lord of Chateauvillan, make known … Count Thibaut … promised to assign me 30£ annual rent … since his death prevented the assignment of that revenue, his wife, my dearest lady Blanche, countess of Champagne, … assigned me the 30£ …”.

1209, Blanche obtained the king’s promise to accept son Thibaut’s homage at age 21.

6/1210, Guy of Dampierre holding the castle of Beaufort and it entire castellany as collateral for 829£ with the consent of lady Blanche, countess of Champagne.

9/1211, Abbot Philippe and the chapter of Saint-Loup of Troyes transfer to their lady and advocate Blanche, countess of Champagne, the fief of Riel-les-Eaux. (S) Cartulary of Countess Blanche of Champagne, 2010, Evergates, P83.

1212, Blanche established procedures for daughters, rather than the closest male relative, to inherit castles and fortified residences if their fathers died without a son.

6/1213, Henry II’s daughter Philippa by his wife Isabel of Jerusalem challenged the right of succession to Champagne. [Philippa’s husband Erard of Brienne was from an important Champagne family.] Blanche countered with ecclesiastical support for declaring Henry II’s marriage invalid due to degree of relationship. Philippa settled for £5000 and a yearly stipend of £1200.

1214, The Lord of Ervy sold his rights over his Jews to the Countess of Champagne. (S) Church and the Jews, V1, Grayzel, 1966, P52.

1215, At the insistence of Blanche, King Philip accepted the homage of 14-year-old Thibaut.

1215, Blanche and Duke Eudes of Burgundy suspend travel between their lands.

8/1215, King Philip announced to Blanche, Countess of Champagne, that in the future, champions would not be allowed to fight with staffs whose lengths exceeded 3 feet. [Stick and cane fighting was commonly practiced in this time in France.] (S) Martial Arts of the World, V2, Green, 2010, P217.

1216, Civil war broke out in Champagne following the decision of the royal court of peers to confirm the succession of Thibaut IV.

1216, Blanche and Duke Eudes of Burgundy make an alliance to conquer Burgundy.

1216, With the support of Emperor Frederick II, Blanche’s army defeated those of Erard of Brienne, lord of Ramerupt, who was trying to take Champagne by force. Blanche then led her army to Nancy and burned the town. Blanche then invaded Joinville where she captured Erard.

1217, Blanche, the countess of Champagne, complained to Pope Honorius III about Peter de Corbeil, archbishop of Sens, and his suffragans [Blanche considered their jurisdictional claims over Jews to the exorbitant]. (S) Apostolic See and the Jews, V7, 1991, P109.

1218, Blanche guaranteed the fidelity to King Philip of Robert, bishop of Clermont. (S) On the Increase of Royal Power in France, Wilker, 1888, P101.

4/1219, “I, Simon of Clefmont, make known … because of evil advice I withdrew my fidelity and homage [in 1216] from nobele lady Countess Blanche and her son Thibaut, count of Champagne. … I quit to Countess Blanche and Thibaut the viscounty of Montigny … as well as all the domain I used to have in Ageville, … Be it known that I am their leigeman for three fiefs …”

1220, Blanche founded convent at Argensolles. [That year, B. Blanche, abbess of Argensol, gave up her life on the condition that she could ransom the life of her friend Blanche, countess of Champagne, queen of Navarre.] (S) A Dictionary of Saintly Women, V1, Dunbar, 1904, P125.

1/15/1221, “Pope Honorius III to the Abbot and Prior of St. Victor and to the Dean of the Church of Paris on behalf of our dear daughter in Christ, the noblewoman Blanche, Countess of Champagne, the following case …” [The Pope eventually found the case of 1217 against Peter de Corbeil to be in favor of Blanche.]

5/1222, Blanche’s son assumed his title; Blanche retired to the convent at Argensolles.

1224, At the incorporation of Argensolles into the Cistercian Order, Blanche endowed the Abbey of Argensolles with strips of vineland, including one at Grauves. (S) A History of Champagne, Vizetelly, 1882, P127.

1226, Blanche left Argensolles in the summer while her son Thibaut IV was absent from the kingdom with the King of France.

11/8/1226, Louis IX succeeded his father as King of France; crowned at Reims.

2/24/1228, “I, Blanche, countess palatine of Troyes, and I Thibaut, count of Champagne and Brie, make known to all who will see the present letters …” [Agreement with Henry, Archbishop of Reims.]

3/12/1229, Blanche died.

(S) Epistolæ. (S) The Aristocracy of the County of Champagne, Evergates, 2007. (S) Feudal Society in Medieval France, Evergates, 1993. (S) Social France at the Time of Philip Augustus, Luchaire, 1912.

Family notes:

·         Fragments of the accounts of Blanche, countess of Champagne, exist for 1217–1219.

Child of Thibaut and Blanche:

i. Thibaut IV (23638796), born 5/20/1201 in France.

Monday, February 27, 2012

G26: 47277590 King Andrew II of Hungary


47277590. King Andrew II of Hungary & 47277591. Yolande de Courtenay & 94555256. Gertrude of Meran

~1177, Andrew born in Hungary, 2nd s/o §King Bela III of Hungary.

Gertrude born in Merania, d/o Berthold IV, duke of Merania.

1182, King Bela had his 1st son Emeric crowned to insure succession.

1188, King Bela gave Andrew the principality of Halych; which had rebelled against their ruler Prince Vladimir II Yaroslavich. [King Bela had imprisoned Vladimir.]

1189, Prince Andrew’s forces supressed a rebellion of boars in Halych. Soon after, Vladimir escaped prison and took back control of Halych.

4/23/1196, Andrew’s father died leaving Andrew a large amount of money to fulfill his [the father’s] crusader’s oath.

12/1197, Andrew, with the help of Leopold V, duke of Austria, defeated his brother in battle near Macsek. Andrew forced his brother Emeric to grant him the duchies of Croatia and Dalmatia. (S) Pope Innocent III, Moore, 2003, P73.

1198, Pope Innocent III asked duke Andrew to fullfill his crusade promise in the Holy Land. [Instead, Andrew attacked Zahumlje and Rama.] (S) Pope Innocent III, Moore, 2003, P31.

1198, Andrew succeeded in having Croatia, Dalmatia and other smaller territories declared semi-independent, creating a new power center in Hungary. (S) A History of Hungary, Sugar, 1994, P23.

~1198, Yolande born in France, d/o 94555182. Peter II de Courtenay & 94555183. Yolanda of Flanders.

Andrew married Gertrude.

1199, King Emeric defeated Andrew in battle; Andrew escaped to Austria. Through papal mediation, Andrew and Emeric made peace and Andrew was restored to Croatia and Dalmatia.

1200, Emeric and Andrew were again at war. Andrew was imprisoned in Croatia. Andrew escaped again.

Aft. 1200, The Andechs along the Croatian and Hungarian border built a strong allicance with Andrew. (S) Southeastern Europe in the Middle Ages, Curta, 2006, P399.

8/12/1204, Gertrude’s father died.

Aft. 8/26/1204, King Emeric, in ill health, named Andrew to govern the kingdom during his son’s minority.

10/1204, Andrew’s brother died leaving a son Ladislas born in 1199. Emeric’s wife Constance of Aragon escaped with her son to Austria.

5/7/1205, Andrew succeed his nephew on his death in Austria.

5/29/1205, Andrew crowned King of Hungary.

1205, Andrew attacked his neighbors and became King of Galicia and Lodomeria.

1208, Andrew invaded Halych.

1209, King Andrew II confirmed by a Golden Bull all the freedoms and estates that had been acquired by the Knights Templars.

1210, King Andrew invited the Teutonic Knights, led by Grand Master Herman Salza to wage war against the Cumans, a nomadic Turkish tribe. (S) Ecclesiastical Review, V56, 1917, P39.

1211, Andrew gave Burzenland in Siebenbürgen [Transylvania] in the south to the Teutonic Knights to be a buffer against the Kumans. (S) History Teacher’s Magazine, V9, 1918, P365.

1212, Andrew again invaded Halych.

1213, King Andrew put his son Koloman on the Galician throne and tried to replace Orthodox bishops with his own Latin priests. (S) Prince, Saint, and Apostle, Korpela, 2001, P160.

9/24/1213, Queen Gertrude murdered by nobles who resented privileges accorded to her German barons and her lavish spending. [Only the leader of the conspirators was executed.] (S) Women and Gender in Medieval Europe, Schaus, 2006, P236.

1214, Andrew began to finance his crusade by selling and mortgaging property and debasing his coinage.

1214, Andrew and Leszek, duke of Poland, divided Halych between Hungary and Poland. [Andrew did not live up to his end of the agreement and he was eventually driven from Halych. By another agreement part of Halych was given to his son Coloman.]

2/1215, Andrew married Yolanda [niece of Henry I, Emperor of Constantinople, who arranged the marriage]. (S) The Late Medieval Balkans, Fine, 1994, P101.

4/1215, Pope Innocent III proclaimed the 5th crusade in a papal bull. King Andrew was escused from immediate participation by the Pope because of civil war in Hungary. (S) A History of the Crusades, Runciman, 1987, P146.

7/11/1216, Yolanda’s uncle died and Andrew attempted [unsuccessfully] to have himself crowned Emperor of Constantinople.

7/16/1216, Pope Honorious III succeeded Pope Innocent III.

1217, Andrew issued multiple charters witnessed by Master Garin of Montaigu. (S) Central Convent of Hospitaller and Templars, Burgtorf, 2008, P521.

8/23/1217, King Andrew arrived at Spalato with 10,000 horsemen and a “host” of crusaders. Andrew had arranged with Venetians to transport his forces; but they did not have enough ships for the size of the army. [Duke Leopold VI of Austria was also on crusade, traveling by a different route with multiple brothers-in-law of King Andrew.]

9/1217, After a delay to get more ships, King Andrew embarked from Spalato on crusade. (S) The Oxford History of the Crusades, Riley-Smith, 2002, P149. [Both Clissa and Spalato were held by the Kinghts Templars in the name of King Andrew.]

10/9/1217, Andrew landed his forces at Cyprus; then they proceeded to Acre, where they met up with the forces of Duke Leopold of Austria.

11/10/1217, Andrew’s forces defeated the forces of Al-Adil I, brother of Saladin, sultan of Egypt, at the battle of Bethsaida; but the forces retreated to fortresses of Mount Tabor which Andrew could not capture.

1/18/1218, Andrew left for his return to Hungary.  Duke Leopold remained in the Holy Land. [Andrew returned with a large number of Jews and Mulsims to whom he entrusted the collection of taxes.] (S) The Biographical Dictionary, V2, Pt2, 1843, 659.

1218, King Andrew returned via Tripoli and Antioch, stopping at Krak des Chevaliers and Margat to help the Hospitallers with construction of their facilities. [On a stop in Nicaea there was an attempt on his life.]

1219, King Andrew’s son had been sent to Armenia, and Andrew and made a request of the Pope to commission the Hospitallers and Templars to guard his son. (S) The Hospitallers, Borchardt, 2007, P193.

1220, Andrew handed over the administration of Slavonia, Dalmatia and Croatia to his son Bela.

1221, The recently establish Order of Dominicans sent members into Hungary. 32 of the monks were drowned in one day by the Bosnians. (S) London Quarterly Review, V4, 1855, P38.

1222, Andrew issued the “Magna Charta of Hungary” [Golden Bull] confirming privileges. Nobles and the church were to be exempted from taxes. No noble was obliged to follow the king into a foreign war. No foreigner to hold office without consent of the council of the realm. … (S) Select Documents Illustrating Medieval and Modern History, Reich, 1905, P637. [Similarities indicate the framers of the Bull had knowledge of the Magna Carta of England. The Primate of Hungary visited Stephen Langton, who drafted the Magna Carta, at Canterbury in 1220.]


6/6/1224, Andrew made a peace agreement with Leopold, duke of Austria.


1224, The Teutonic Knights established in Siebenbürgen sent a petition to Pope Honorius III asking to be placed under direct papal authority. [Independence from King Andrew.] (S) Oath of Fealty, Scott, 2009, P105.

1224, King Andrew issued the “Andreaneum”, giving special rights to the Germans living on the royal land around Sibiu in Transylvania. (S) Contens and Addresses of Hungarian Archives, 2009, P65.

1225, Pope Honorius III instructed Ugrinus, archbishop of Kalocsa to warn King Andrew II of Hungary to stop giving Jews and pagans preference in appointments to public office. [Andrew likely sold these offices because he had found his country bankrupt when returning from crusade.] (S) The Apostolic See and the Jews, V7, Simonshohn, 1991, P150.

1225, Andrew issued a charter, to Master Garin of Montaigu. (S) Central Convent of Hospitaller and Templars, Burgtorf, 2008, P523.

1225, King Andrew expelled the Teutonic Knights by force from Burzenland because they were expanding their territory. (S) History Teacher’s Magazine, V9, 1918, P365.

1226, King Andrew, needing money, farmed the royal revenues to Jews. (S) The Jewish Encyclopedia, V6, 1912, P494.

1228, King Andrew granted to his chief treasurer Denys an estate near Cluj.

1230, Frederick II, duke of Austria, attacked the western borders of Andrew; defeating the Hungarians in Halych.

1231, Andrew led forces into Halych to secure his youngest son’s rule.

12/1232, Pope Gregory IX admonished King Andrew II to correct the wrongs in Hungary including the oppression of Christian poor by Jews and Moslems in public office. Through Robert, archbishop of Gran, King Andrew [alone] was placed under an interdict [excommunicated.] (S) The Apostolic See and the Jews, V7, Simonshohn, 1991, P151.

8/20/1233, Andrew negotiated the rights of the clergy with a papal legate called the Agreement of Bereg.

1233, Yolanda died; buried in the abbey of Igris.

5/14/1234, Andrew married Beatrice D’Este.

1234, Andrew excommunicated for violating the Agreement of Bereg.

1235, Andrew invaded Austria and forced Federick II into a peace agreement.

1235, Andrew’s excommunication lifted by the Pope.

5/28/1235, Andrew’s daughter Elisabeth [born 1207, died 11/10/1231] canonized [for her Christian charity following the ideals of Francis of Assisi.]

9/21/1235, Andrew died, his son Bela IV succeeding.

(S) The Crusades and the Military Orders, Runciman, 2001. (S) History of the Latin Christianity, Milman, 1889.

Child of Andrew and Yolande:

i. Bela IV (47277628), born 1206 in Hungary.

ii. Yolande of Hungary (23638795), born 1216 in Hungary.

G26: 47277588 King Pedro II of Aragon


47277588. King Pedro II of Aragon & 47277589. Marie of Montpellier

1176, Pedro born in Aragon, s/o 94555144. King Alfonso II of Aragon & 94555145. Sanchia of Castile.

1182, Marie born in Montiellier, d/o §William VIII of Montpellier & Eudocia of Constantinople.

1194, Marie’s stepmother, Agnes of Castile, arranged her marriage to Barral, vicomte de Marseille [who soon died.]

4/25/1196, Pedro succeeded his father.

1197, Pedro II put in law that heretics were to burned at the stake [specifically addressed at the Waldenses].

8/1197, Pedro visited Huerta and took the monastery under his protection.

12/1197, Marie was married to elderly Bernard, comte de Comminges; her dowery 200 marks of silver; Marie receiving the chateau of Murel.

2/1198, Archbishop Berenguer [Peter’s half-uncle] and Count Bernard brought Peter and Raymond of Toulouse together to reaffirm the peace agreement of 1190.

5/20/1198, Pedro II of Aragon allied with Alfonso VIII by the Treaty of Calatayud.

1198, King Pedro and King Alfonso attacked Sancho VII of Navarre. In suing for peace, Sancho offered the hand of his sister to Pedro.

2/11/1199, Pedro’s marriage to Sancho’s sister was forbidden by Pope Innocent III. [Alfonso VII being the common grandfather of the bride and groom.]

9/1200, Pedro held court at Ariza.

9/1201, at Bagneres-de-Luchon, Count Bernard did homage to Peter for Comminges, in return for cession of Val d’Aran.

1201, Bernard died. Bernard’s vassals did homage to Marie and her two daughters: Mathilde and Pertonilla.

1201, Pedro fortified the town of Tiermas. (S) Pilgrimage Road to Santiago, Gititz, 2000, P31. [Which Pedro later gave to the king of Navarre.]

1202, Pedro promulgated constitutions relative to the Peace and Truce of God; extending his peace and protection to public assemblies, courts, markets, churches, … violators were subject to fines.

1204, Marie’s father died; Marie by consent of the inhabitants of Montpellier becoming their soverign [to the exclusion of her half-brothers.]

4/1204 at Millau, Pedro II, Alfonso of Provence [Pdero’s brother], and Raymond VI signed a pact of mutual assistance in case of war.

5/1204, Alfonso’s brother Pedro II mediated a dispute between Alfonso and William II of Forcalquier over rights in Forcalquier.

6/15/1204, Pedro married Maria, Comtesse de Comminges.

11/1204, King Pedro went to Rome to receive the crown [made of unleavened bread] of Aragon by Pope Innocent III. [Pedro’s ancestor Sancho I had placed Aragon under special protection of the pope, for which they rendered 500 mancuses yearly.] At this coronation, the Pope authorized the Queens of Aragon to be crowned at Zaragoza.

1/1205, Pedro ransomed his brother Alfonso who had been captured by William II of Forcalquier.

6/1205, Pedro of Aragon offered all lands that he could acquire from heretics [and a year later all their goods.] Pedro seized the castle of Escure, which had been occupied by Cathars.

1205, Pedro instituted a tribute tax to help pay for defending the kingdom.

7/1206, Pedro II, aiding his brother Alfonso in renewed hostilities with the count of Forcalquier, received a loan of 100,000 sous from the consulate of Montpellier, pledging the castle of the same town.

1207, Peter entered into a support pact with the lords of the Languedoc against heretics and mercenaries.

1208, Countess Elvira donated the county of Urgell to Peter, saving the rights of her daughter who was betrothed to Peters infant son.

1208, Pope Innocent III launched the Albigensian crusade against the Cathars [heretics at Lunguedoc – which were vassals of Pedro.]

1/1209, Raymond-Roger became a vassal of Peter for castles in Cerdanya, Conflent and Barida.

1209, Pedro began proceedings to repudiate Queen Marie; addressing her previous marriage and a distant relationship. Marie pointed out that her previous marriage had been compelled, not a marriage of choice. Marie appealed the decision to the Pope and went to Rome to give her personal defense.

6/4/1209, By the Treaty of Mallen, Pedro II named his brother Alfonso as his heir. [Alfonso died the same year.]

12/1210 at Narbonne, Pedro of Aragon and Simon de Montfort met with Raymond of Toulouse.

1211, In an agreement with Simon de Montfort, leading French crusaders, Pedro arranged for his son Jaime to marry the daughter of the Count of Toulouse, with Simon de Montfort retaining custody of the child prince.

7/16/1212, Alfonso VIII of Castile lead a coalition of Castillian forces as crusaders defeating the Almohads at the battle of Navas de Tolosa; the beginning of the restoration of the Iberian peninsula to Christanity. The coalition included King Sancho VII, “the Strong”, of Navarre, and Pedro II of Aragon [Alfonso’s grandson]. Alfonso, in a letter to the Pope, estimated 100,000 Moors were killed, while he lost 25,000.  Pedro, by common consent of the nobles presenty, was the greatest knight at the battle. (S) The Spanish People, Hume, 1917, P149.

1/1213, The Pope denied the divorce request of James.

2/1213, Pedro sent a letter to the Council of Lavaur denying that his vassals were supporting heretics and requested land taken from them be returned [concerned specifically the city of Toulouse which had been excommunicated].

1213, Maria died in Rome, buried in St. Peters, having never returned to Aragon. Pedro gave her half-brother Guillaume the land of Montpellier.

Pedro joined the Count of Toulouse in the city; then the two marched their forces on Muret.

9/12/1213, Pedro, “el Catolico”, killed at the battle of Muret in the Albigensian crusade. [According to one chronicle Pedro spent the night before the battle in amorous pursuits and did not make it to morning mass before the battle.] (S) Queer Iberia, Blackmore, 1999, P125.

(S) History of the Inquisition of the Middle Ages, V1, Lea, 1922. (S) Queens of Aragon, Miron, 1913. (S) Cantar de Mio Cid, Duggan, 2008. (S) History of Medieval Spain, O’Callaghan, 1983. (S) Rise of the Spanish Empire, V1, Merriman, 1918. (S) Innocent III and the Crown of Aragon, Smith, 2004. (S) Crusade, Heresy and Inquisition, Smith, 2010.

Family notes:

·         Pedro was well known as a troubadour and poet.

·         James wrote of his mother: “As regards the Queen, our mother, suffice it to say that, if ever there was a good woman in the world, it was she. … within and without Rome, she merited to be called the Sainted Queen.”

Children of Pedro and Marie:

i. James I of Aragon (23638794), born 2/1/1208 in Aragon.

Sunday, February 26, 2012

G26: 47277582 Montgomeri-Capet


47277582. Count William de Montgomerie & 47277583. Alais de Capet

10/4/1160, Alais born in Paris, France, d/o 189110370. King Louis VII & 94555167. Constance of Castile.

1/1169, Alais betrothed to [future King] Richard I. [Her older sister Margaret was married to Richard’s older brother, Henry the Young King.]

5/1174, Alys, living in the royal academy of the court with Queen Eleanor of England, that the Queen had established in Poitiers, France, was seized with all the other members and taken to England by King Henry II. [Alys became the lover of King Henry.]

1179, William born in France, s/o 94555164. Count John de Montgomerie & 94555165. Beatrice of Anselme.

9/18/1180, Philip Augustus succeeded as King of France.

1186, Jean comte de Ponthieu, Guillaume son fils, et Beatrix son épouse granted revenues to Baudin et Simon son frère … . (S) FMG.

7/1189, Alys, the lover of King Henry II, imprisoned by Queen Eleanor on the death of Henry.

11/3/1189, Richard I crowned king of England.

1190, William’s father died on crusade.

3/1191, King Richard I repudiated Alais on the grounds that she had borne a child by his father.

1191, William succeeded his father.

1195, Queen Eleanor of England, now living in France, sent disgraced Alais back to France; where her half-brother, King Philip Augustus, arranged her marriage. (S) Aristocratic Life in Medieval France, Baldwin, 2002, P58.

8/20/1195, William, age 16 and Count of Ponthieu, married Alais, age 34.

1196, King Philip gave his sister in marriage Alice with a new dowery to William of Ponthieu.

1196, William of Ponthieu given control of Gamaches by King Richard I.

1197, A charter granted to the inhabitants of Marquenterre by William de Ponthieu.

5/27/1199, John crowned king of England.

1201, King John of England ordered payment of pensions, arrears, … to William, count of Ponthieu.

6/1202, With the consent of the princess, William of Ponthieu made a grant to the citizens of Doullens. (S) Comptes de la Ville de Doulens, Weerenbeck, 1932, P7.

8/1205, William, count of Pointieu and Montreuil, made a pact with Thomas of Saint-Valery against all men except the kings of France and England.

1210, William of Ponthieu went with Philip of Dreux, bishop of Beauvais, Renaud, bishop of Chartres, and Robert III, Count of Dreux for the crusade against the Albigensians. (S) Histoire d’Abbeville et du Comte de Ponthieu Jusqu’en 1789, Louandre, 1883, P131.

1211, Guillaume de Ponthieu baron of Doullens.

7/27/1214, Guillaume de Ponthieu, Count of Ponthieu, fought on the side of King Philip Augustus, the winning side at the battle of Bouvines. (S) Aristocratic Life in Medieval France, Baldwin, 2002, P64.

Aft. 7/28/1218, Alais died.

10/4/1221, William died; daughter Marie the hier of Ponthieu.

(S) A Genealogical History of the Family of Montgomery, Montgomery, 1863, P35. (S) Memories de la Societe des Antiquaries de Picardie, V4, 1878. (S) The Loss of Normandy, Powicke, 2003.

Children of William and Alice:

i. Marie de Ponthieu (23638791), born 4/17/1199 in France.

Saturday, February 25, 2012

G26: 47277578 King Alfonso VIII of Castile


47277578. King Alfonso VIII of Castile & 47277579. Queen Eleanor Plantagenet

11/11/1155, Alphonse born in Soria, Castile, heir & s/o 94555156. Sancho III of Castile & 94555157. Blance of Navarre.

1156, Alfonso’s mother died.

1158, Alfonso succeeded his father and proclaimed King.

1160, At the battle of Lobregal, the contending sides of the family fought with the Castro side victorius over the Lara side. Alfonso was put in the custody of the Lara village of Avila. By invitation of the Castro’s, Fernando II of Leon garrisoned troops in Toledo and collected its revenues until 1166.

10/13/1162, Eleanor born in Domfront, Normandy, France, d/o 47277568. King Henry II & 47277569. Queen Eleanor of Aquitaine. [Baptized by Henry, the Cardinal Legate.]

1163, Fernando had Manrique Perez de Lara bring his nephew Alfonso to him at Soria.

1164, Sancho VI of Navarre in vaded the Rioja of Castile and issued fueros [laws] there.

1166, The Castilian bishops intervened and supported Alfonso VIII and the Laras.

1166-1168, Alfonso and his regent defeated the Castros in a series of campaigns.

3/27/1168, Alfonso granted the castle of Chillon and its mercury mine to the Order of Calatrava and Count Nuno Perez de Lara.

1168 at Sahagun, Alfonso VIII of Castile made a peace agreement with Alfonso II of Aragon.

3/1/1169, Alfonso granted and estate at Villasequilla to Gonzalo de Maranon.

11/1169, Alfonso achieved majority and began his reign.

1170, Alfonso, age 15, assumed the duties of King. Through deliberations of the Cortes held at Burgos, it was decided that Alfonso should seek a wife. Eleanor was chosen to get King Henry’s support in recovering lands from Navarre. Eleanor’s dower included those conquered lands.

1170, Eleanor with her mother at court in Bourdeaux when an embassay arrived to request her marriage to Alfonso.

Eleanor traveled to Spain accompanied by the Archbishop of Toledo, the Archbishop of Bourdeaux, and numerous other bishops, with many nobles from Aquitaine, Bretagne, Normandy and England.

8/1170, King Alfonso met his bride, “Leonor”, in Taragona where he had been negotiating with the King of Aragon.The ceremony of betrothal last the month of September. Alfonso and Leonor then traveled to Burgos and on to the capital of Toledo. [In Toledo thay stayed in the royal palaces of the Tower of St. Romain, or the Standard of the Crown, but they preferred to summer in the city of Burgos.]

1170, By the Treaty of Zaragoza, the kings of Castile and Aragon promised to cooperate against all Christians except the King of England. (S) War and Peace, Souza, 2008, P202.

1171, Alfonso and King Alfonso II of Catalonia & Aragon founded the city of Teruel.

1172, Alfonso began minting new coins using captured Muslim gold called “maravedi”. (S) Traders and Muslims in Spain, Constable, 1996, P50.

6/1172, Alfonso defended the Castilian stronghold of Huete, between Madrid and Cuenca, against a 7-week siege of an Almohad army from Seville. (S) Spain, 1157-1300, Linehan, 2011.

2/1173, King Alfonso with Leonor attend the court of his father-in-law King Henry at Montferrand in Auvergne.

1173, King Alfonso began a war with Navarre to recover lands lost in 1164.

1174, Alfonso confirmed royal privileges of his predecessors to the city of Toledo in order to encourage people to move to the city. (S) Mozarabs in Medieval and Early Modern Spain, Hitchcock, 2008, P89.

1175, Alfonso granted Fernando Martin control of several royal fortresses.

1176 at Toledo, Eleanor married Alphonse VIII, King of Castile.

8/1176, Alfonso VIII rewarded Rodrigo Gustioz for giving him a horse during the campaign to conquer Leguin near Pamplona. (S) Aristocracy in 12th Century Leon and Castile, Barton, 2002, P106.

1/1177, The kings of Castile, Leon, and Aragon agreed by the treaty of Tarazona to cooperate in campaigns against the Muslims. They began with a siege of Cuenca.

3/15/1177, Alfonso requested his father-in-law, King Henry, negotiate a peace agreement between him and the King of Navarre.

6/23/1177, During the siege of Cuenca, Alfonso granted half a fish pond at Medino to Pedro Gutierrez.

9/21/1177, Alfonso captured the city of Cuenca by siege.

1/1178, Alfonso VIII held a curia at Burgos.

1178, Alfonso II of Aragon and Alfonso VIII of Castile signed the 1st of two treaties of Cazola. The first treaty dealt with the boundary between Castile and Aragon.

3/20/1179, Alfonso VIII placed the first stone of the buildings of Huerta in the presence of Count Pedro de Molina. (S) Cantar de Mio Cid, Duggan, 2008, P84.

4/5/1179, Alfonso signed the treaty of Cazola with King Alfonso II of Aragon, in which the zones of expansion of Navarre, Leon, Portugal, and Aragon were defined. (S) War and Peace, Souza, 2008, P203.

1180, Leonore gave birth to a son, Sancho, who died an infant.

1180, Alfonso VIII founded the city of Plasencia after capturing the land from the Moors. (S) Fodor’s Spain, 2011, P215.

1181, Alfonson and Leonor were in Segovia where daughter Berengaria was born. [King Henry sent Leonor clothes, plates and silver vases.]

Aft. 7/26/1181, Queen Eleanor received some gifts from her father King Henry II. (S) Court, Household, and Itinerary of King Henry II, Eyton, 1878, P240.

1182, Alfonso invaded Andalusia, besieged Cordova and Fxija, and garrisoned the castle of Setefilla above Seville. (S) History of the Crusades, Setton, 1975, P421.

1183, Fernando II of Leon [Alfonso’s uncle] and Alfonso VIII met and ratified the Treaty of Fresno-Lavandera. (S) Curia and Cortes in Leon and Castile, Procter, 2010, P51.

1184, Alfonso VIII recaptured Alarcon in a 9-month siege. The army commander, Matinez de Ceballos, who scaled the walls using daggers, became the hereditary governor. (S) Companion Guide to Madrid, Oliver, 2002, P333.

1185, “Yo Alfonso, por la gracia de Dios rey de Castilla y de Toledo, juntamente con mi jujer la reina dona Leonor y con nuestro hijo el infante don Fernando, hago esta carta de concesion …”. (S) Las Senoras de Valfermoso, Pinedo, 1996, P56.

1186, Alfonso started to unite the Castilian nobility against the moslem Almohads.

1187 in Castile, Eleanor founded a Cistercian nunnery at Law Huelgas.

4/23/1188,Daughter Berenguela pledged to Konrad von Hohenstaufen, Duke of Swabia, s/o Emperor Frederic Barbarossa.

1188, At court at Toledo, Konrad was knighted by King Alfonso. Alfonso IX, s/o Ferdinand of Leon, now King of Leon, was also knighted, returning homage to King Alfonso. Queen Leonor was present at the ceremony.

1189, Alfonso again attacked western cities and Seville.

6/21/1190, “Alphonso” bestowed Fontevraud abbey an annual grant of 100 marks gold, given in the presence of “my wife, Queen Eleanora, and Ferdinand, my son”. [Fontravaud a Norman abbey, and the burial place of the early Plantagenet monarchs – Leonor’s ancestors.]

1191, Alfonso II of Aragon joined forces with Sancho VI of Navarre against Alfonso VIII of Castile. [Alfonso IX of Leon supported the pact.]

1193, Alfonso VIII gave Alarcos, a small unwalled village south of Toledo, to the order of Calatrava. (S) Oxford Encyclopedia of Medieval Warfare, V1, 2010, P16.

1194, Alfonso IX of Leon made peace with Alfonso VIII of Castile at the treaty of Tordehumos.

1194, Alphonsi and Leonor made a grant to the Cistercian monastery of St. Peter’s de Gumiel.

6/1195, From Seville, Muslim general Al-Mansur proclaimed a Jihad against the Christians.

7/19/1195, Alfonso defeated at the battle of Alarcos in the hill country outside Toledo. Alfonso lost thousands of soldiers to the great Moor general al-Mansur. Alfonso, with the few Spainsh survivors, fled northeast through Ciudad Real to the fortress at Calatrava. [Alfonso was outnumber by as much as 10 to 1.]

8/15/1196, Alfonso recovered Plasencia after the Caliph’s departure. (S) Latin Chronicle of the Kings of Castile, O’Callaghan, 2002, P30.

1197, The fortress at Calatrava fell to the Moors. Alfonso had to accept a unfavorable peace agreement.

8/1197, Alfonso VIII of Castile present when Pedro II of Aragon extended protection to Huerta.

12/1197, Alphonso and Leonor attended the wedding of daughter Berenguela in Valladolid, Castile-Leon, Spain.

1198, Alfonso ceased hostilities against Al-Manssor in order to defend himself against the forces of the Leonese and Navarrese.

5/20/1198, Pedro II of Aragon allied with Alfonso VIII by the Treaty of Calatayud. (S) Cantar de Mio Cid, Duggan, 2008, P78.

1198, King Pedro and King Alfonso attacked Sancho VII of Navarre.

5/27/1199, John, Leonor’s brother, crowned king of England.

1200, Alfonso denounced the truce of 1197.

1200, While Sanco VII was out of Navarre, Alfonso attacked and captured Vitoria. (S) Cantar de Mio Cid, Duggan, 2008, P78.

1200, Alfonso and Leonor visited by Leonor’s mother, the Queen-mother of England, to arrange the marriage of their daughter Blanche to King Philip’s son Louis. [Part of a treaty by Leonor’s brother King John with King Philip of France.]

1201, Alfonso founded the city of Laredo on the coast of the Bay of Biscay.

7/25/2002, Alfonso granted land to Diego de Villar.

1202-1203, Alfonso and King John were in conflict over Leonor’s dowery of Gascony given by her father.

Queen Leonor given letters of safe conduct by King John to visit England. [In England, Leonor negotiated an initial agreement over Gascony.]

1204, The kings of Castile, Navarre, and Aragon entered in another peace agreement.

1204, Alfonso invaded Gascony after the death of Eleanor’s mother, and King John’s refusal to give up her dower-held lands. Alfonso captured Bayonne.

1204, Daughter Berenguela’s marriage declared unlawful by the Pope. Berenguela returned to Castile-leon with her infant sons Ferdinand and Alphonso.

12/8/1204, Alfonso wrote his will naming his son Fernando as his successor; and leaving multiple castles to his grandson Fernando.

1205, A charter of the dukes of Gascony “when King John was at war with Alphonso, King of Castile, for the province of Gascony.”

3/26/1206, By the treaty of Cabreros, the marriage of Alphonso IX of Leon and their daughter Berenguela ended with recognition of their grandson Fernando as Alfonso’s heir. Berenguela returned to the court in Castile with her sons.

1206, King John recaptured Gascony.

1/1207, Alfonso held court at Toledo in which the proceedings were recorded in the vernacular [instead of Latin]. (S) Sapin, 1157-1300, Linehan, 2011.

1207, By treaty, Alfonso VIII obtained disputed lands with Navarre.

1208, Alfonso founded the first Spanish university, at Valladolid. (S) The Rosary Magazine, V9, 1896, P287.

1209, Alfonso with the Kings of Leon, Navarre and Aragon met at Alfaro and entered into a league against the infidels. Every knight was ordered to take what was only necessary and meet at Talavera. Alfonso’s son Ferdinand took a large body of troops and ravaged Andalusia, defeating multiple forces.

10/14/1209, Leonor and Berenguela had traveled to meet Ferdinand at Madrid. While there, Ferdinand developed a violent fever and died.

1210, Alfonso attacked multiple fortresses in Moorish territory and returned to Toledo with a large bounty.

Alfonso, facing an enemy with superior numbers, wrote a letter to King Philip Augustus of France requesting help. Alfonso also sent the Archbishop of Toledo to the Pope asking permission to declare a general crusade against the Moors in Spain – and consent was given.

1211, Pope Innocent III, at the request of Alfonso VIII, sent letters to the Spanish archbishops offering that anyone dying while on crusade would have all their sins forgiven.

Alfonso toured Italy, Germany and France recruiting forces for the crusade [with the Pope’s approval.]

2/1212, The crusading forces began to assemble at Toledo – the only city large enough to support the arriving army. The Archbishop of Narbonne brought a large contingent of French knights. Many members of the Knights Templar, the Hospitallers, and newly established Knights of St. James joined the forces.

6/20/1212, Alfonso at the head of 10,000 horsemen and 100,000 foot soldiers left Toledo.

After some initial successes, some of the forces left over disputes about the distribution of the bounty. Alfonso himself had renounced any right to the spoils of the crusade.

King Sancho of Navarre arrived with his forces reinforcing the remaining army.

7/14/1212, with the help of locals to bypass a bottleneck in the mountains guarded by the Moors, Alfonso’s forces met the Moorish forces on the plains of las Navas. Alfonso would not attack on a Sunday [the next day], and held off until Monday.

7/16/1212, Alfonso lead a coalition of Castillian forces as crusaders defeating the Almohads at the battle of Navas de Tolosa; the beginning of the restoration of the Iberian peninsula to Christanity. The coalition included King Sancho VII, “the Strong”, of Navarre, and Pedro II of Aragon, Alfonso’s grandson. Alfonso, in a letter to the Pope, estimated 100,000 Moors were killed, while he only lost 25,000. [According to records of the Archbishop of Toledo, Alfonso was determine to win or die in battle – he did not want to leave a second time in defeat. Alfonso led the decisive charge.]

Alfonso, having returned to Toledo, ordained a day of thanksgiving to be celebrated each year on the anniversary of the battle to be called the Triumph of the Holy Cross.

2/1213, Alfonso took to the field again in battle against remaining Moorish forces.

1213-14, Alfonso founded the Spanish university at Palencia.

7/16/1213, Alfonso and Leonor in Toledo for the 1st celebration of the Triumph of the Holy Cross.

1213-14, Alfonso was stymied from taking the field by a 9-month drought which limited food for an army. Alfonso and Leonor opened the royal castles to the starving people of Toledo.

1214, Alfonso and Leonor, with son Henry, daughters Berenguela and Leonor, and grandsons Ferdinand and Alfonso, left for a trip to Portugal to visit their daughter, the Queen.

10/6/1214, Alfonso died at Gutierre-Munoz during the trip. Alfonso was buried at Huelgas, Burgos.

Leonor named regent during the minority of her son.

10/31/1214, 25 days after Alfonso died, Leonor died; buried with Alphonso at the Cistercian nunnery.

(S) The Lives of the Princesses of England, V1, Green, 1850. (S) Medieval Iberia, Gerli, 2003. (S) The Cantar de Mio Cid, Duggan, 2008. (S) Aristocracy in 12th Century Leon and Castile, Barton, 2002.

Family notes:

·         1217, with the death of her brother Henry, Berenguela, eldest daughter, renounced her right to the throne to her son Ferdinand.

·         There are over 1000 documents existant from the reign of Alfonso VIII.

Children of Alfonso and Eleanor:

i. Queen Berenguela of Castile (23638789), born 1/1181 in Spain.

ii. Queen Urraca of Castile, born 1186 in Castile.

1206, Urraca married Alfonso II of Portugal.

3/26/1212, Alfonso became King of Portugal.

11/3/1220, Urraca died.

3/25/1223, Alfonso died in Coimbra.

ii. Queen Blanch of Castile (47277625), born 3/4/1188 in Castile.

iii. Ferdinand of Castile, born 11/29/1189 at Cuence, Spain.

10/14/1211, Ferdinand died of a fever, returning from a military campaign against the Muslims; buried at the monastery of St Mary’s in Huelgas, Burgos.

iv. Queen Eleanor of Castile, born ~1191 in Castile.

1221, Eleanor, about age 30, married to King James I of Aragon, age 10.

By 1235, King James divorced Eleanor.

v. Henry of Castile, born 4/14/1204 at Cuence, Spain.

8/1217, Henry died in Placentia when a tile falling from the roof of a house killed him.

G26: 47277576 King Ferdinand II of Leon


47277576. King Ferdinand II of Leon & 47277577. Urraca of Portugal

1137, Ferdinand born in Spain, 2nd s/o 189110312. Emperor Alfonso VII of Spain & 189110313. Berenguela of Barcelona.
1139, Urraca’s father declared himself King of Portugal by winning independence from Leon.
12/25/1147 at Toledo, Charter of Alfonso VII, Berengaria, and sons Sancho and Fernando to the monastery of Sar.
Aft. 1149, Fernando’s mother died.
~1150, Urraca born in Portugal, d/o 94555154. Count Alfonso Henriques I of Portugal & 94555155. Mafalda of Savoy.
5/14/1151 at Toledo, Charter of Alfonso VII and sons Sancho and Fernando [who confirm as kings] to the monastery of San Miguel de Caneles.
11/25/1152 at Carrion, Charter of Alfonso VII, Rica [step-mother], and sons Sancho and Fernando
10/12/1153 at Sahagun, Alfonso VII, Rica, and Sancho and Fernando, sons, issued a charter to the monastery of Sahagun.
1/7/1154 at Salamanca, Alfonso VII, Rica [stepmother], Sancho and Fernando, kings, and Regina Sancha, issued a charter to the monasterio of Ayo de Nogales.
1/28/1155, ‘Adefonsus Imperator Hispaniæ . ..cum uxore mea Imperatrice Domina Rica et cum filiis meis Sancio et Ferrando Regibus’ donated property to the bishop of Segovia. (S) FMG.
12/28/1155 at Palencia, Alfonso VII, Rica, and Sancho and Fernando, kings, issued a charter to the monastery of Stant Maria de Varzana.
1156, Alfonso VII, Rica, and Sancho and Fernando, kings, issued a charter to Pedro Garcia, alcalde de Baeza.
8/21/1157, Ferdinand’s father died; leaving him as King of Leon and Galacia.
1157, Count Ponce de Cabrera exiled by King Fernando.
5/1158, Brothers Sancho III and Fernando II met at Sahagun and decided that when Portugal was conquered Fernando would divide the lands in half and Sancho would get to choose the half he wanted.
7/1158, Fernands’ older brother Sancho III died leaving a 4 year old Alfonso VIII as his heir.
9/1158, Fernando II compensated Pelayo Curvo for devastation caused by the King of Portugal.
1160, At the battle of Lobregal in the Tierra de Campos, the contending sides of the family King Alfonso VIII of Castile, a minor, fought with the Castro side victorius over the Lara side. By invitation of the Castro’s, Fernando II of Leon garrisoned troops in Toledo and collected its revenues until 1166.
1160, Fernando founded the city of Ciudad Rodrigo on the Portuguese border.
12/1160 at Celanova, Fernando met with Alfonso Henriques and sealed a marriage agreement of Fernando and Alfonso’s daughter Urraca.
1162, Fernando suppressed uprising in the cities of Salamanca and Avila.
9/1162, Fernando II of Leon arranged for Alfonso II of Aragon to marry his sister Sanchia, and declared himself tutor and defender of his body and honour. (S) Spain, 1157-1300, Lineham, 2011.
1162-63, Fernando occupied a large part of the kingdom of Castile.
1163, Fernando had Manrique Perez de Lara bring his nephew Alfonso to him at Soria.
3/14/1164, Fernando granted the monastery of Deomundi in Galicia to Fernando Odoariz.
1165, Fernando II made a pact with Sanc VI of Navarre.
10/30/1165, Fernando granted a house in Zamora to his knight Ponce Rodriquez in recognition of his loyal service.
1167, Fernando confirmed his father’s grants to the bishop of Salamanca of a third of the money coined in the city.
1167, Fernando and Alfonso Henriques in battle over the city of Ciudad Rodrigo. Alfonso’s son Sancho led the attack on the city. Fernando’s forces won the battle. Fernando captured many of Alfonso’s men, but later freed them.
11/23/1167 at Benavente, Fernando issued a charter granting his vassal Count Armengol VII of Urgel the town of Alcantara.
1168, Fernando held his court at Lugo where a dispute was settled between the monastery of Sobrado and Don Pedro Munoz about lands and inhabitants.
5/1169, Ferdinand, at the battle of Badajoz, took the King of Portugal prisoner [Alfonso I, father of Urraca] and recoved all lands lost in the intervening years of war.
1170, Fernando II attempted to move the city of Tuy away from the Portuguese frontier.
1170, Fernando granted the possession of the captured Almohades city of Caceres to the Order of St. James.
10/1174, Fernando exempted all the lands and vassals of Count Ponce de Minerva from taxation. (S) Aristocracy in 12th Century Leon and Castile, Barton, 2002, P106.
1175, Pope Alexander II approved Fernando’s establishment of the Order of Knights of Santiago. (S) Spain, 1157-1300, Linehan, 2011.
1177, The kings of Castile, Leon, and Aragon agreed by the treaty of Tarazona to cooperate in campaigns against the Moors.
9/1178, Fernando held the Council of Salamance in which laws were passed.
Urraca repudiated by Ferdinand.
8/1179, Ferdinand married 2nd Theresa de Traba.
1179, The knights of the Order of St. James supported Fernando in his border war with Alfonso I of Portugal. (S) Rule of the Spanish Order of St. James, Blanco, 1971, P7.
1180, Fernando gave estates in the Orbigo valley to his falconer Estaban.
4/28/1181 at Benavente, Fernando granted his vassal Count Armengol VII of Urgel estates at Almenarilla and Santa Cruz.
1182, Fernando held a curia at Astorga to resolve an issue of Bishop Manrique of Leon.
1183, Fernando II and Alfonso VIII [his nephew] met and ratified the Treaty of Fresno-Lavandera.
12/8/1185, Urraca’s father died [having doubled the size of Portugal in wars against the Moors].
1186, Fernando granted Bishop Vidal of Salamanca of a third of the money coined in the city.
5/1187, Ferdinand married 3rd Urraca Lopez de Haro.             
1/22/1188, Ferdinand died. (S) Spain and Her Colonies, Wilberforce, 1898, P357.
(S) Medieval Iberia, Gerli, 2003. (S) Aristocracy in 12th Century Leon and Castile, Barton, 2002. (S) Curia and Cortes in Leon and Castile, Procter, 2010. (S) A History of Portugal, 1937. (S) The Kingdom of Leon-Castilla Under King Alfonso VII, Reilly, 1998.

Child of Ferdinand and Urraca:
i. Alphonso IX of Leon (23638788), born 8/15/1171 in Spain.

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