Family histories with citations for reference and research -- Searching: I use original spellings from various sources. -- "It is a revered thing to see an ancient castle not in decay; how much more to behold an ancient family which has stood against the waves and weathers of time!" - Francis Bacon.
Thursday, March 8, 2012
G26: 47277606 Duke Henri I of Brabant
47277606. Duke Henri I of Brabant &
47277607. Maud of Flanders
~1165, Henri born in France, s/o 94555212. Godfrey III of Lueven, Duke of Lower Lotharingia & 94555213. Margaret of Limbourg.
~1168, Maud born in Flanders, d/o 94555214. Matthew of Alsace & 94555215. Marie of Boulogne.
1172, Henri’s mother died [Margaret buried in Louvain, église
collégiale de Saint Pierre]. (S) FMG.
1173, Matthew, comte of Boulogne, granted lands on the church
of St. Judoc, “with the consent of the Countess Mary his wife, and his
daughters.” (S) Lives of the Princesses of England, V1, Green, 1850, P210.
[–––Henri & Maud–––]
1179, Henri married to Maud.
Augustus succeeded as King of France.
4/1184, Henry and his father present with the Archbishop of
Cologne at a great gathering [estimated 40,000-70,000 knights] of nobles of
Germany, Italy, and Burgundy in Mainz held by Emperor Frederic Barbarossa. (S)
Medieval Popes, Emperors, Kings, …, Busk, 1854, P160.
11/1184, Philip, archbishop of Cologne, Duke Godfrey of Brabant
[a vassal of the archbishop], the Duke’s son Henry of Brabant, and the Count of
Flanders attacked the county of Hainault, besieging the castle of Binche.
Baldwin, count of Hainault, held out and a peace treaty was made.
1185, Henri became Duke of Brabant when his father ceded
control to retire because of illness.
9/1185 at Liege, Henri, duke of Brabant, met with Philip, archbishop
of Cologne, and Henry (VI), count of Flanders in order to get King Philip to
supply the archbishop with military assistance.
‘Godefridus dux Lotharingie’ returned property to Aachen St Maria, in the
presence of ‘filiis meis Heinrico milite, Alberto clerico.’
1185, Archbishop Philip, the Count of Flanders, and Duke Henri
of Brabant forced the count of Namur to take back his wife Agnes, d/o Count
Henry of Guelders, whom he had put aside.
1188, Henry, duke of Brabant, present at the diedication of the
church at Herliamont. (S) Crusade Charters, Slack, 2001, P176.
10/1189, Archbishop Philip and Philip, count of Flanders, held
a 3-day meeting near Brussels to make a peace agreement between Duke Henry of
Brabant and Count Baldwin of Hainault.
11/3/1189, Richard I
crowned king of England.
1190, Henri succeeded as Duke of Lower Lotharingia on the death
of his father.
1191, By treaty at the end of a long war, Hendrik, duke of
Limburg, became a vassal of Henry, duke of Brabant. (S) Secretum Scriptorum,
Prevenier, 1999, P71.
11/24/1191, Henry’s brother Albert, elected to the open post of
Bishop of Liege, was murdered by German knights in Liege. (S) Richard and John,
McLynn, 2008, P228. [Albert’s election was contested by the pope.] (S) A New
Dictionary of Saints, Walsh, 2007, 20.
12/21/1192, King Richard of England, returning from crusade,
was captured near Vienna [the most likely story] by Leopold V, Duke of Austria.
1/1193, Henry was joined by many barons in a revolt against the
selection of the bishop of Liege, planning to de-throne Emperor Henry IV.
2/2/1194 at Mainz, Duke Henri a supporter for the release of
King Richard of England from captivity.
2/1194, After King Richard’s release, at a feast in Antwerp
hosted by Henri, Henri was given the rent from the manor of Brampton in
1195, Henri supported William, brother of the Count of Holland,
against his brother the count. The count’s forces won the battle of Alkmaar,
but Henri was able to escape.
1196, Henry had a wood cleared and built a castle in an area of
forest that harbored robbers and theives [it became the Dutch town of ‘S
Hertogenbosch, called Bois-le-Duc by the French.] (S) The Spell of Holland,
Stevenson, 1911, P362.
1197, Duke Henry of Brabant arrived on crusade at Acre, having
travelled by sea via Portugal.
9/1197, Henry II, count of Champagne, died in Jerusalem. Duke
Henri of Brabant became the leader of the crusader army and laid claim to the
throne of Jerusalem. Henri was not elected. [Henri was the married to Matilda,
ggd/o Eustace III of Boulogne, elder brother of Godfrey of Bouillon and Baldwin
of Edessa, the first two Latin rulers in Jerusalem after the capture of the
city in the 1st crusade.]
11/26/1197–2/2/1198, Henry unsuccessfully laid siege to Tibnin.
(S) L – Z, Pringle, 1998, P367.
3/29/1198, Otto IV
became King of Germany. [Rival of Philip of Swabia – supported by Henry; Otto
deposed in 1215.]
4/1198, Duke Henri of Brabant obtained legal claim to the Honor
of Eye in Suffolk in right of his wife.
1198, Henry of Brabant, Henry of the Rhine, and Hermann of
Thuringia all present when the Teutonic Order was recognized as a military
5/27/1199, Henry attended the
coronation of King John of England. (S) Eye Priory Cartulary, Pt2, Brown, 1992,
11/3/1200, Treaty between
William, count of Holland and Duke Henry I of Brabant. (S) Secretum Scriptorum,
Prevenier, 1999, P73.
1201, Henry founded the abbey
of La Camrre of Bernardine nuns. (S) Coghlan’s Illustrated Guide to the Rhine,
1202, Theodore, count of Holland, captured by Henri, duke of
Brabant. Theodore was ransomed for 2000 silver marks and land concessions;
including the homage for Dordrecht, the ancient capital of the county.
12/1203, Pope Innocent III wrote to Henry to urge him to
support Otto of Brunswick [bethrothed to Henry’s daughter Maria.]
1204, Henry changed his mind and wanted to marry his daughter
Maria to Frederick of Hohenstaufen. The Pope forbid the marriage as Maria was
already pledged to Otto.
2/1205 in Paris, Henri, duke of Brabant, performed homage to
King Philip Augustus of France, and received a payment of 200 marks.
1205, The lands of Henry, duke of Brabant, put under interdict
by Pope Innocent III for his opposition to the Pope’s removal of the archbishop
of Mainz. (S) The Interdict, Krehbiel, 1909, P95.
2/9/1207, Between King Philip of Germany and Henry, duke of
Brabant: “Et fi contingat filiam domini regis mori, antequam fiat carnalis
conjuctio inter earn et ipfum filium ducis Brabantiae; …” [a marriage
agreement]. (S) Enquiry into the Foundation and History of the Law of Nations, V2,
Ward, 1795, P249.
8/1208, After the assination of Philip of Swabia [on June 21st],
King Philip Augustus of France proposed Henri, duke of Brabant, as as successor
[instead of Otto IV], provided Henri with a loan of 3000 marks, which Henri
could retain if elected King of Germany. (S) Government of Philip Augustus,
Baldwin, 1991, P205.
11/11/1208, Otto IV
elected Holy Roman Emperor.
1209, Henri built the town, surrounded by walls and ditches, of
Herenthals [Belgium.] (S) Gazetteer of the World, V3, 1856, P8.
1210, Henry, duke of Brabant, granted the new abbey of La
Cambre the right to fish in a pond located near its walls. (S) Beyond the
Catch, Sicking, 2009, P288.
10/16/1210, Maud died.
1211, Henri built the town of Hoog’straten, 24 miles west of
1212, Waleran of Limburg, s/o Duke Hendrik III, supported his
cousin, Henri I, duke of Brabant, in a war with Guelders.
5/3/1212, Henry, supported by the troops of Walram of Limbourg,
attacked and captured Liege.
5/8/1212, Henry unsuccessfully laid siege to Moha; leaving
after 2 days.
12/5/1212, Federick II
Hohenstaufen became King of Germany [opposed by Otto IV.]
4/22/1213, Henri married 2nd Princess Marie, d/o
King Philip II of France [at Laon by an excommunicated priest because Henry was
under 3 interdicts of the pope.]
5/1213, The Pope ordered the 3 interdicts of Henry lifted as
soon as Henry disavowed all allegiance to Otto IV.
1213, King John of England paid Henri to support his French
10/13/1213, Henri defeated by the forces of the Hugh, bishop of
Liege, and Ferdinand of Portugal, at the battle of Montenaken near Steppes. (S)
The Art of Warfare, Verbruggen, 2002, P157.
2/1214, Henry finally made peace with the Bishop of Liege and
received absolution from his interdicts.
7/27/1214, Henri, at the battle of Bouvines on the losing side,
retreated before the final assault; Otto IV wounded in the battle.
By 1215, Henri had allied himself with King Philip and King
Henry of England deprived Henri of the Honor of Eye because of this support.
1215, Duke Henri began donations to Postel monastery on a
lavish scale. (S) Do ut Des, Jifsterveld, 2007, P113.
10/28/1216, Henry III,
age 9, crowned king of England.
5/19/1218, Otto IV died.
1218, Henri granted liberty to all cultivators of the soil, and
afftanchised them on the right of mortmain, and that they should be judged by
their own magistrates. (S) History of the Revolutions in Europe, Koch, 1841,
1220, Henry demolished the ancient temple at St. Gudele to
build a new structure. (S) Bradshaw’s Illustrated Handbook for Travellers in
Belgium, 1896, P36.
5/1223, An agreement between Henry, duke of Brabant, and the
lord of Breda. Secretum Scriptorum, Prevenier, 1999, P91.
7/14/1223, Louis VIII
succeeded as king of France.
5/1224, Archbishop Deitrich II of Trier attached his seal to a
covenant between the bishop of Metz and Henry, duke of Brabant, against the
count of Leiningen-Daschburg. (S) German Episcopacy, V1215, Pixton, 1995, P337.
Bef. 1/2/1225, The Honor of Eye in Suffolk was restored by King
Henry III of England to Henri for his service.
1225, Henri began work on the Gothic Cathedrale Sts Michel et
11/8/1226, Louis IX
succeeded as King of France.
11/15/1228, Henri arrived at Joppa, on crusade with Frederick
2/1229, Henri, duke of Brabant, wrote to the court of King
Henry III in England about the treaty which guaranteed a peaceful reoccupation
of Jerusalem. (S) Peter Des Roches, Vincent, 2002, P251.
1229, “I Henry, by the grace of God, Duke of Brabant, and I
Henry, his eldest son, … these statutes have established in Brussels …” (S)
Dictionary of the Anglo-Saxon Language, 1838, P48.
12/1229, Henry and his son Henry granted protection to travel
to England. (S) Henry III of England and the Staufen Empire, Weiler, 2006, P43.
2/1230, Duke Henry granted a trading privilege to English
2/1231, Richard, brother of
King Henry of England, granted all the English lands of Duke Henry.
1231, King Louis of France made a treaty with Duke Henry
concerning money from the salvage of ships that landed on his coastline. (S)
Sailor’s Magazine, Vs61-62, 1889, P244.
5/27/1234, Henry, duke of Brabant, with the counts of
Oldenburg, Cleve, and Holland, led 40,000 crusaders against the Stedingers,
East Friciscians in the provence of Stade; killing 8000 of their 11000. The
battle took place at Altenesch near Bremen. (S) History of Germany, V1, Menzel,
2/23/1235, The dukes of Brabant and Limburg, and the archbishop
of Cologne, were assigned to be the escorts to bring Isabella, sister of King
Henry III of England from London to her wedding in Worms. [Subsequent letters
indicate only the name Henri, duke of Brabant.]
3/7/1235, Safe-conduct, until Midsummer, for H. duke of
Brabant, and his son, and their men, coming to England to speak with the king.
5/6/1235, Henri escorted Isabella, d/o King John, from London.
5/7/1235, King Henry of England promised Henry, duke of
Bratant, that if he or his son should return to England, they would be returned
the honor of Eye.
5/24/1235, Henri and Isabella arrived in Cologne.
6/23/1235, Grant [by King Henry III of England] at the instance
of the king’s dearest fried H. duke of Brabant and count of Lorraine, to Henry
de Rumelham, clerk of the duke, … (S) CPRs.
7/20/1235 at Worms, Henri attended the wedding of Emperor
Frederick II with Isabella, d/o King John of England.
9/5/1235, Henri died in Cologne, Germany; buried in St. Peters
(S) Love, War, and the Grail, Nicholson, 2001. (S) Social
Politics of Medieval Diplomacy, Huggman, 2000.
Children of Henry and Maud: i. Maria of Brabant, born bef. 1206 in Brabant.
5/19/1214, Maria betrothed to Otto of Brunswick [his 2nd],
King of the Holy Roman Empire [s/o Henry the Lion, Duke of Bavaria and Saxony,
& Matilda Plantagenet, d/o 47277568. King Henry II & 47277569. Eleanor of
5/19/1218, Otto died at Harzburg castle. [No children by Marie.]
7/1220, Marie married 2nd William I, count of
2/4/1222, William died. [No children by Marie.]
6/1260, Marie died.
ii. Henri II of Brabant (47279574), born 1207 in Brabant. iii. Matilde of Brabant (23638803), born 1210 in Brabant.