Family histories with citations for reference and research -- Searching: note that there may be multiple spellings from different sources. -- "It is a revered thing to see an ancient castle not in decay; how much more to behold an ancient family which has stood against the waves and weathers of time!" - Francis Bacon.
Saturday, April 14, 2012
G26: 47282028 Brus
47282028. Peter de Brus & 47282029. Agnes
By 1175, Peter born in England, s/o 94564056. Adam de Brus
& 94564057. Iveta de Arches.
1185, Peter’s father died.
11/3/1189, Richard I crowned king of England.
Agnes born in England, d/o §Stephen, Earl of Albemarle and
Holdernesse. (S) Yorkshire Arch. Journal, V4, 1877, P407.
Anges 1st married William de Romara [created Earl of
Lincoln in 1151].
1196, Peter de Brus was remitted his father’s scutage.
[Possibly because he served in his father’s place.]
Peter 1st married widow Agnes, acquiring manors in
3/20/1198, Peter inherited the barony of Skelton, paying 116£
13s 4d for his father’s lands. (S) Yorkshire Arch. Journal, V13, 1895, P245.
Aft. 1198, Peter married 2nd Joan ?.
5/27/1199, John crowned king
1199, Peter assess scutage on
5 fees of Robert de Brus’ [of Hartness]. For 200 marks, Peter quit-claimed the
lands to William de Brus; who agreed to hold the lands for service of 2
1200, Robert Ros, William Stuteville, Henry Neville, Hugh
Bardolf, Eustace Vesci and Robert Fitz Roger bondsmen for Peter de Brus for
1000 pounds sterling.
1201, Peter paid an initial 300£ in fine for Danby in Cleveland
in exchange for Bardsey, Collingham and Rigton near Leeds.
1202, Peter heir to his grandmother Agnes Paynel. (S) Early
Yorkshire Charters, Farrer, 1915.
1203, King John reduced by 400£ yearly what Peter owed.
9/1203, Agnes de Flammeville [Peter’s half sister] recovered
her dower of a third of a carucated in Battersby; confirmed by Domino Petro de
Brus. (S) Pubs. of the Surtees Society, V89, 1894, P4.
1204, Peter’s half-sister, Agnes de Percy, brought a case
against Peter to obtain her dower lands which her husband held of Peter.
1204, Peter de Brus offered 200 marks and 2 palfreys to have
seisin of the manors of Carlton and Camblesforth, held of the Paynels.
1204, Robert fitz Roger, constable of Chester, and Peter de
Brus, paid a fine of 40 marks to have Marmaduke de Thweng in their custody.
[Marmaduke and Peter grandfathers of 47281180. Marmaduke de Thweng &
47281181. Lucy de Brus.]
1205, Peter de Brus offered 25 marks and a palfrey to have
seisin of Loftus of the honor of Chester.
1206, The wardship and marriage of Roger Bertram, a minor at
his father’s death, given to Peter de Brus for 1300 marks in exchange against
the debts of William Briwerre.
1207, Peter de Brus bought the farm of the wapentake of
Langbaurgh for 400 marks.
1208, Peter quitted of £200 for a forest plea; his debts
totaling 1,235£, 5 palfreys and 2 hunting dogs; with an annual assessment of
1208-09, Peter de Brus made an agreement with his Cleveland
tenants within Langbaurgh. Peter agreed to limitations in the exercise of his
authority in return for a guarantee that the knights and free tenants would
make up any shortfall in the rent of forty marks charged by the king.
Witnesses: Roger de Lacy [Rogero Constabulario Cestria]; Robert de Ros;
Eustachia de Vescy; …; Walter de Faucumberge; … (S) Gentry of Angevian
Yorkshire, Thomas, 1993.
1209, Peter made a fine of 3 palfreys to reach and agreement
with his half-brother Hugh de Flamville, and their mother Juetta de Arches
[Juetta held liable for the Mowbray tenants.]
1209, Peter given custody of William de Brus, s/o William, as a
hostage of King John to ensure the behavior of the King of Scotland. (S) 13th
Century England, Preestwich, 2003, P103.
1210-12, Peter de Brus held 11 knights fees of the honor of
Skeltone in Yorkshire. (S) FMG.
1211, Peter had paid off all the debts acquired with his
1212, Matilda de Conyers, widow of Peter’s half-brother Hugh de
Flamville, claimed dower of a third of the manors in Arches against Peter.
9/1212 at Durham, Peter a witness to King John’s grant to
1213, Peter one of the barons who met with King John when he
visited the north. The king ordered Peter to release his Scottish hostage William
de Brus and deliver him to Portsmouth. [King John making an expedition to Poitou,
in which Peter refused to serve.]
6/1213, Peter a member of the king’s army assembled at Barham
Down in Kent, awaiting an invasion from France. [The invasion did not happen.]
1214, Peter assessed scutage [which he did not pay] for
avoiding military service in Poitou.
1215, Robert de Roos, Peter de Brus, and William de Percy, in
support of Louis, Dauphine of France, and against King John, who had invaded
the north, reduced Cleveland and the rest of Yorkshire.
4/1215, Peter assembled with 2000 knights and barons at
4/27/1215, Peter de Brus one of the barons meeting with King
John’s representatives at Brackley, where the 1st draft of the Magna
Carta was created. [King John sent the Archbishop of Canterbury and the Earl of
Pembroke.] (S) History of England, Mackintosh, 1830.
2/10/1216, King John at Skelton where he received the
submission of Peter de Brus and his vassals.
5/20/1216, Prince Louis of France crossed to England in 10
warships, with 1200 knight and 900 troops. Louis quickly captured all the
Cinque Ports except Dover, held by Hubert de Burgh. Louis captured the town of
Lincoln, but not the castle.
at Runnymede near Windsor, King John forced to
agree to the terms of the Magna Carta. [The barons in revolt together held more
castles and knights fees than John did as King.]
1216, Robert de Ros, Peter de Brus, and Richard de Percy, in
rebellion against the king, were ordered to reduce the city and county of York
to the obedience of the Dauphin of France. The leaders decided to not plunder
the city when they were offered 1000 marks by the inhabitants.
10/18/1216, King John died.
10/28/1216, Henry III, age 9, crowned king of England.
5/20/1217, Prince Louis’ forces, combined with loyal English
barons, lost at the battle of Lincoln to William Marshall.
9/12/1217, For 10,000 marks and some land exchanges, Louis
forfeited his claim to the English crown by the treaty at Kingston-on-Thames.
5/15/1218, Herbert French, merchant of the King of France ,
gives the king two tuns of good French wine for summoning Peter de Brus to be
before the justices at Westminster in the octaves of Trinity to answer him for
10 m. which he owes him. (S) FRsHIII.
1219, Peter de Brus was reconciled to Henry III, recovering
Carlton and other manors in Cleveland, which had been taken into the King's
1219, Peter assessed in Yorkshire, the same amounts as in 1216,
with the added fines for unpaid scutage of 1214.
6/10/1220, William of Lancaster owes the king £100 for his
relief, for which he has found pledges: W. count of Aumale for 30 m. Peter de
Brus for 30 m. Roger Bertram for 15 m. Geoffrey de Neville for 15 m. Hugh de
Bolbec for 10 m. Richard de Umfraville for 10 m. W. earl Warenne for 40 m. (S)
12/1220, Nicholas, allied with Roger Bertram, Richard de
Umfraville, Peter de Brus, John de Mowbray, Robert de Vaux, Robert de Ros, and
John de Lacy, in operations against northern castles of the count of Aumale,
who was in rebellion. [For their support the knights were conceded their
scutage of Montgomery for their “faithful service.”]
2/1221, Peter supported the king at the siege of the count of
Aumale’s castle of Skipsea.
12/26/1221 at York, Peter present when Alexander II of Scotland
married Joanna, eldest daughter of King John of England.
Bef. 1/17/1222, Peter died, buried at Guisbrough. (S) Yorkshire
Archaeological Journal, V13, 1895, P246.
(S) History of Cleveland, Graves, 1808. (S) The Brus Family in
England and Scotland, Blakely, 2005. (S) History of Yarm, Wardell, 1957.
Children of Peter and Agnes:
i. Peter de Brus (23641014), born bef. 1198 in England.
ii. Agnes de Brus, born ? in England.
Agnes married William de Lancaster, s/o 47282030. Gilbert
fitz Reinfrid & 47282031. Helwise de Lancaster.