Family histories with citations for reference and research -- Searching: I use original spellings from various sources. -- "It is a revered thing to see an ancient castle not in decay; how much more to behold an ancient family which has stood against the waves and weathers of time!" - Francis Bacon.
Friday, April 20, 2012
G26: 47283728 Audley
47283728. Baron James de Audley &
47283729. Ela de Longespee
10/28/1216, Henry III, age 9, crowned king of England.
~1220, James born in England, s/o 94567456. Henry de Audley
& 94567457. Bertrade de Mainwaring.
~1235, Ela born in England, d/o 94567584. William Longespee
& 94567585. Iodine de Camville.
1244, James married to Ela; as a bride gift from her mother,
Ela brought with her the manors of Stretton
and Heredwyk in Oxfordshire.
1246, Henry and son James were in Worcester where they witnessed
a Royal Charter.
11/19/1246, James did homage for his father’s lands; including
19 manors in Staffordshire and 8 in Salop.
1247-53, James inherited Constableship of Newcastle’s castle.
He had to make repairs including the castle pool whose state was “damaging to
the King’s fish”.
5/5/1249 at Westminster, James de Audley a witness to a royal
charter. (S) Royal Charter Witness Lists, Morris, 2001, P36.
2/1250, Ela’s father died on crusade.
7/1/1250, Commission to James de Aldidele, William de
Oddingeseles, … to hear and determine, … contentions between Thomas Corbet and
Fulk son of Warin the younger, touching lands in Balisleg, … (S) CPRs.
10/1250, James de Audeley farmed the town and castle of
Newcastle-under-Lyme, rendering 80£ yearly. (S) Medieval Newcastle-under-Lyme,
Pape, 1928, P57.
By 9/21/1252, Ela’s mother died.
3/13/1253, James de Audley, John le Strange, and William Trussel
to investigate who slain William de Albo Monasterio, seneschal of William de
1255, At the Inquisitions of Hundreds, James de Audley lord of
1256, Dominus H. de Audley [younger brother of James] witnessed
a charter of James de Audley. (S) 13th Century England IV, 1992, P191.
1256, King Henry III visited James at Newcastle castle.
5/1257, James attended when Pope Alexander IV crowned Richard
of Cornwall “King of the Romans” at Aachen. James left Kenardesley in the care
of his uncle Griffith ap Madoc, but Griffith held it barely a month before the
Welsh drove him out. As soon as James was back, he mustered his men, and put
the Welsh out. Soon after the Welsh came back and burned Kenardesley.
12/4/1257, Simple protection for the prior of Henton of the
Carthusian order, so long as the heir [Ela] of William Longespe, patron of that
priory, be a minor. (S) CPRs.
10/1258, James, and his brother-in-law Peter de Montfort, who
had married Alice de Audley, a member of a group of 12 influential men who were
made into a council to advise the King after the barons had presented the
Provisions of Oxford.
2/11/1259, Commission to Peter de Monte Forti, Hugh le
Despenser, Roger de Clifford, … touching contentions which have arisen between
James de Audithele and Roger de Somery … (S) CPRs.
5/18/1260, Peter de Montfort turned overt the castles of Brug
and Salop to James de Audley, his brother-in-law.
6/29/1260, While James de Audley was away at court, Fulk fitz
Warin, Griffith ap Gwenwynwyn, and John le Strange sent Welshmen to ravage
James’ lands, burning 3 vills, killing 8 men, wounding 10, taking 10 prisoners,
260 oxen … (S) Le Strange Records, LeStrange, 1916, P125.
8/1/1260, James d’Audley one of the vassals to the crown
summoned to muster at Chester with horses and arms against Lewellyn ap
Griffith. (S) Antiquities of Shropshire, V7-8, 1858, P26.
11/11/1260, Grant to James de Alditheleye of the custody of the
lands and tenements which belonged to Isabella Basset, deceased, … in England,
Wales, and Ireland; to hold till her heirs reach their age. (S) Cal. Of Documents
Relating to Ireland, 1877, P112.
1260-61, Stafford. William de Caverswell for the 1st
half year, and James de Audley for the 2nd, render their account –
To the archbishop of Dublin, 10£ in Penkridge.
1261, James de Audley was excused by the King an
amercement of 100 marks which had been set upon him by Justices Itinerant in
7/9/1261, James de Aldithele appointed sheriff of Shropshire
and Staffordshire. (S) Lists and Indexes, V9, 1898, P117. 10/2/1261, The king allows by patent the proposed marriage of
Ankaret, [maternal] neice of James de Audeley, to William, son of Ralph le
12/1262, Charter of the K. … manor of Any, in the county of
Limerick. Witnesses … James de Audley, …
4/12/1263, Simon de Montfort returned to England to lead a
rebellion of young barons. In the insuing revolt of Simon de Montfort, James
remained loyal to the crown. James was sent to replace his brother-in-law as
Constable of the two castles of Shrewsbury and Bridgnorth.
12/24/1263, John FitzAlan, Roger de Mortimer, John de Verdun,
James de Audeley, and Hamo le Strange named Keeper’s of Salop and
5/14/1264, King Henry captured at the battle of Lewes.
8/25/1264, Whereas a certain ordinance or provision of peace
has lately been made in the march of Wales between Simon de Monte Forti, earl
of Leicester, …, and other barons on the one part, and Roger de Mortuo Mari,
James de Aldithele and their co-marchers on the other part, … (S) CPRs. [James
provided his son Nicholas, age 6, as a hostage to the barons in revolt; but was
assigned to his uncle Peter de Montfort who eventually returned him to his
12/15/1264, Montfort sent Welsh barons including James de
Audley letters commanding them to stop attempts to rescue King Henry. (S) Royal
Visits and Progresses to Wales, Parry, 1851, P126.
1265, James de Audley and Urian de St. Pierre besieged the
castle at Chester for 10 weeks before retreating. (S) Magna Britannia, V2, 1810,
6/28/1265, … Whereas Edward the king’s son and Gilbert de
Clare, earl of Gloucester, together with John de Warenna, William de Valencia,
Roger de Mortuo Mari, James de Aldithele, and other rebels now hold certain
towns and castles throught the land … (S) CPRs.
7/1265, James assigned to get reinforcements [prior to the
battle of Evesham – which he apparently did not get reach in time.]
8/4/1265, Lord Edward defeated Simon de Montfort at the battle
of Evesham; ending the barons’ revolt.
9/8/1265, Mandate to the knights, free men and others of the
county of Lancaster, as L. son of Griffin and his accomplices have laid siege
to the castle of Haworthin, to be of aid with horses and arms and their whole
posse to James de Aldithele and Robert de Lathum, sheriff of Lancaster, in the
rescue of the castle.
12/22/1265, James’ sister Alice’s servant Richard Chutte died
in a cart accident. The some items were returned to Alice after the
intervention of James. (S) CCRs.
1/20/1266, Giles de Erdinton at Northampton before the King,
accused James de Audley in a suit of tresspass at Shawsbury and Besford. James
did not appear at court. (S) Antiquities of Shropshire, V8, Eyton, 1859, P143.
1266, James appointed Justiciar of Chester.
8/26/1266, Whereas James de Alditheleg who had power … to
receive in the king’s peace all those of the county of Lancastre … before the
battle of Evesham, so received Robert de Lathun, … the king has remitted to
them his indignation and rancour … on condition of their future good behaviour.
12/2/1266, James de Audley a witness to a royal charter. (S)
Royal Charter Witness Lists, Morris, 2001, P152.
6/12/1267, James de Audley a witness to a royal charter. (S)
Royal Charter Witness Lists, Morris, 2001, P158.
1270, James de Audley, justiciar in Ireland, led the first
campaign against the mountain clans on behalf of the archbishop of Dublin.
9/5/1270, Mandate to James de Audley, and to all the K.’s
lieges throughout Ireland, … collecting the tenth.
5/23/1271, Letter of protection … for 4 years, for James de
Audley and Ralph le Keu, proceeding to Ireland on affairs of Edward the K.’s
7/4/1271, James de Audley, justiciary of Ireland, … inspected
letters of the Lord Edward … regarding … Roger de Leyburne, Alienor his wife,
Hugh de Mortimer, and Agatha his wife, and their co-parceners of the county of
Kildare, … .
1272, James de Audley won victories against O’Tooles and
O’Byrnes clans at Glendalough. (S) The Byrnes and the O’Byrnes,
Byrne-Rothewell, V1, 2010, P48.
11/11/1272, James died in Ireland, just days after having fallen
from his horse and broking his neck. (S) The History of Ireland, Wright, 1849, P154.
11/16/1272, Edward I ascended to the throne while on crusade.
Ela made a gift to the priory of Burchester, Oxfordshire, on
which her shield is inscribed ‘SIGILLUM ELE DE AUDELEG’, her figure standing
with the arms of Longespe in one had and Audley in the other. (S) Annalso and
Antiquities of Lacock Abbey, Bowles, 1835, P148.
7/16/1273, Writ of certiorari on the complaint of Ella, late
the wife of James de Aldithele, that the escheator had taken into the king’s
hand the manors of Stratton and Wechewik, which were of her free marriage of the
gift of her father William Lungespei. James his son, aged 22 and more, is his
heir. (S) Henry III, GBPRO, 1904, P261.
1274, Lady Ela de Audley confirmed her gift to Burchester priory.
(S) Knights of Edward I, Moor, 1929, P26.
1276, Ela holding a third of Red Castle and Weston in dower.
1280, Horton and Grotton, Staffordshire. Assise of novel
disseisin arraigned by Ela late the wife of James de Audedelegh against William
de Audedelegh and others. (S) Report of the Deputy Keeper, V49, 1888, P10.
12/1282, Ela holding a third of Red Castle. (S) Knights of
Edward I, Moor, 1929, P26.
1292-93, Nicholas de Audithele claimed free warren in the
manors of Enedon, Aldythele (Audley), … by a charter of the king's father to
James de Aldythele his ancestor; …. And as regarded the manor of Chesterton he
stated that Ela formerly wife of James de Aldithelegh held it in dower.
By 11/22/1299, Ela died leaving Stretton to her son Hugh.
(S) The Barons Audley of Heley Castle And Hulton Abbey,
Lancaster, North Staffordshire Field Club, Transactions 1993-4. (S) Herald and
Genealogist, V5, 1870, P65. (S) Calendar of Documents Relating to Ireland,
1877. (S) Transactions, Shropshire, Vs7-8, 1883.
·11/22/1299, Grant to Amadeus, count of Savoy …
in an enlargement of the late grant to him of the custody during the minority
of the heir of the lands of Nicholas de Aldithelegh, tenant in chief, of the
custody of the lands which Ela, late the wife of James de Aldithelegh, mother
of the said Nicholas, held in dower of the inheritiance of the said Nicholas,
and those which she held of her own inheritiance. (S) CPRs.
Children of James and ?:
i. James de Audley, born 1250 in England.
1273, James died; his brother Henry his heir.
ii. Henry de Audley, born ? in England.
5/1276, Henry died; his brother William his heir.
iii. William de Audley, born 1255 in England.
6/10/1280, Almaric de Sancto Amando and Roger de Molis pledges
for William de Aldithele, son of James de Aldithele. (S) CPRs.
12/1282, William killed in the war in Wales; his brother
Nicholas his heir.
Children of James and Ela:
iv. Nicholas de Audley (23641864), born 1258 in England.
v. Hugh de Audley (60845650), born ~1260 in England.