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Saturday, May 26, 2012
G26: 60848500 Gwenwynwyn-Strange
60848500. Gruffud ap Gwenwynwyn &
60848501. Hawise le Strange
~1205, Gruffud born in Wales, s/o 121697000. Gwenwynwyn ap
Owain-Cyfeiliog & 121697001. Margaret Corbet of Caus.
1207, Gruffud captured with his parents in Wales.
1207-16, Gruffud raised with his mother in England.
1216, Gruffud’s father died in exile [in England].
10/28/1216, Henry III, age 9, crowned king of England.
1218, Gruffud still a minor at the royal court in England;
custody of his lands granted by King Henry III’s regency council to Llewelyn ap
1224, King Henry granted a half a mark to “Griffen filio
~1230, Hawise born in Wales, d/o 121697006. John le Strange
& 121697007. Lucy Tregoz.
1240, Gruffud finally gained control of his father’s lands
after Llewelyn ap Iowerth died.
5/15/1240, Gruffudd signed a peace treaty arranged by John
Lestrange, a Shropshire baron and justiciar of Chester.
1241, The rights to lands claimed by Gruffyd ap Gwenwynwyn,
lord of South Powis, presented for arbitration to the Papal legate, Otto,
cardinal deacon of St. Nicola, in accordance with the peace treaty.
1241, Gruffud and his mother Margaret began a frequent conflict
with his uncle Thomas Corbet of Caus [initially over her dower] when King Henry
III invested Gruffydd, on strictly feudal terms, with the lordship of the
family lands in Arwystli, Cyfeiliog, Mawddwy, Caereinion, Y Tair Swydd, and
8/18/1241, Gruffydd ap Gwenwynwyn has made fine with the king
by 300 m. for having seisin of all lands formerly of the aforesaid Gwenwynwyn,
saving the right of any person, and the king has taken his homage for this.
Gruffydd has also promised that he and his heirs will faithfully serve the king
… and that on no account will they withdraw from their fealty and service.
Gruffydd has further granted, …, that if it happens …, all of his lands, for
himself and his heirs, are to be forfeited to the king … he has given the king
hostages for this. (S) FRsHIII.
2/11/1242, The king has granted to Gruffydd ap Gwenwynwyn that,
of the 300 m. by which he made fine with him for having seisin of all lands
formerly of the aforesaid Gwenwynwyn, he may render £50. (S) FRsHIII.
1242, Gruffydd married Hawise.
2/24/1242, ‘Griffin son of Wenunewin’ was granted the
manor of Eshford, co Derby to give as dower to Hawyse daughter of John
Lestrange his wife. (S) FMG.
1242, Gruffudd received a royal charter which secured Hawise a
dower property in Derbyshire.
1244, Gruffydd ap Llywelyn ap Iorwerth died [the heir, he broke
his neck trying to escape from the Tower] leaving 4 sons: Owain, Llywelyn, Rhodri
& Dafydd to claims in Wales. [At the time the lands were ruled by their
uncle Dafydd ap Llywelyn, who had captured his brother Gruffydd and imprisoned
him in Criccieth castle, and then sent him and his sons to the King of England
who put them in the Tower.]
1244, Gruffydd one of 3 Welsh chieftains who refused to join David
ap Llewelyn in arms against the King of England.
11/17/1244, Order … to cause Gruffydd ap Gwenwynwyn to have
respite, …, from the £25 that he ought to have rendered … for a fine that he
had made with the king for his land of Wales. … £10 for two tallages
assessed upon the manor of Ashford. (S) FRsHIII.
2/19/1245, Gruffydd ap Gwenwynwyn, the king’s valet. (S)
1245, Gruffydd ap Gwenwynwyn took advantage of the collapse of
the power of Dafydd ap Llywelyn [died 3/1246]. (S) Cambrian Medieval Celtic
Studies, Is7-12, 1984. [King Henry was attacking Dafydd who was in revolt.]
3/1246, Dafydd ap Llywelyn, ruler of Wales, died. Gruffydd’s
sons Owain, Lewelyn and Dafydd now all claimed Wales. King Henry claimed Wales
by agreement with Senena, the wife of Gruffydd [and mother of the sons]. Owain
and Lelwelyn, by agreement with King Henry, were given rule in the Snowdon
1246, Gruffydd led an army from south Wales, crossed the Dovey,
and overran parts of north Wales.
1247, Gruffydd ap Gwenwynwyn founded the town of Welshpool in
1247, Gruffud in “breaches of peace” with his uncle Thomas [sheriff
of Shropshire] over lands from Derbyshire to east Wales.
3/4/1251 at Westminster, Grant to Gruffydd ap Gwenwynwyn … witnesses
William de Valence, … Philip Basset, Paulin Peyvre, … (S) Royal Charter Witness
Lists, Morris, 2001, P44.
10/29/1252, The king has pardoned Gruffydd ap Gwenwynwyn 11 m. …
for having a fair at his manor of Ashford in the county of [Derbyshire]. (S)
1254, Llywelyn ap Gruffydd defeated his older brother Owain and
imprisoned him, making him sole ruler in Wales. [Llywelyn’s brother Dafydd fled
1254, King Henry III granted his son Lord Edward the earldom of
Chester and all the lands held by the crown in Wales. [In 1255 Llywelyn
attacked Lord Edward’s territory.]
1255, King Henry III ordered a special commission to look into
the conflict between Gruffudd and Thomas Corbet of Caus.
1256-57, Much of Gruffud’s lands, an English supporter, were
lost to Llywelyn ab Gruffydd’s rise to power. Llywelyn invaded the valley of
the Severn, occupied as far as Pool, and burnt the town near Gruffydd’s castle.
Gruffydd withdrew beyond the Severn.
1257, Gruffud, a known ally of Lord Edward, called with his
brother-in-law John le Strange and John fitz Alan to a council of barons. [They
would only agree to defend Montgomery.]
1257, Gruffydd, seriously ill, was a patient in a Cistercisan
abbey. [Likely Strata Marcella.]
12/15/1257, Because Gruffydd ap Gwenwynwyn behaved faithfully
and laudably in the service of the king and of Edward, his son, against
Llywelyn ap Gruffydd and his supporters, the king’s enemies, and has sustained
a most serious loss of his lands and chattels by reason of the war waged there,
the king has committed to him his manors of Market Harborough and Great Bowden,
to have for his sustenance and that of his wife and children for as long as it
pleases the king. (S) FRsHIII.
By 1259, Llywelyn ap Griffith had conquered all of Gruffydd’s
1260-1, Gruffud witnessed a deed of his brother-in-law, Robert le
1262, Gruffyd ap Gwenwynwyn allied himself with Llywelyn ap
4/12/1263, Simon de Montfort returned to England to lead a
rebellion against King Henry of mostly young barons.
9/1263, Llywelyn made a truce agreement with Lord Edward.
12/2/1263, Gruffudd through homage changed his allegiance to
Llywelyn II and his plan for a new feudal system. Gruffydd was to bound to join
Llywelyn’s army as when threatened as long as his own lands were not
threatened. [Gruffydd’s lands were between those of Llywelyn and English baron
Roger de Mortimer.]
1264, Gruffydd ab Gwenwynwyn destoryed the castle of Gwyddgrug,
a castle of Thomas Corbet. (S) DNB, V12, P16.
5/14/1264, Gruffud, and the Welsh in general, sided with Simon
de Montfort at the battle of Lewes against King Henry III [who was captured
along with his son Lord Edward.]
1264-65, Simon de Montfort effectively ruled England.
8/4/1265, Lord Edward escaped captivity and defeated Simon de
Montfort at the battle of Evesham, ending the barons revolt in England [which
had been a respite for English interests in Welsh activities.]
1267, Gruffydd ap Gwenwynwyn destroyed the castle of Mold. (S)
Annals and Antiquities, V1, Nicholas, 1872, P436.
5/21/1269, Lord Edward went to Montgomery to work out peace
agreements in Wales and the Marches. [The Welsh and the Marchers would
acknowledge no law but force.]
9/29/1267, Gruffydd signed the Treaty of Montgomery with
Llywelyn and the other Welsh barons. Llwelyn granted the Principality of Wales.
Davydd, Llywelyn’s brother to be restored to the lands he had held … If Davydd
be not contented with these, he is to receive such additions as shall seem
right to Gruffydd ap Gwenwynwyn, Gurffydd and Howel sons of Madog, … Gruffydd
was to retain all the lands which he possessed previous to his desertion to the
English alliance, but was sworn to the observance of the laws of the Marches. (S)
History of Wales, Williams, 1869, P386.
1270, Hawise kept the manor of Stretton for ‘frater suus
dominus Hamo Extraneus’ when he left for Palestine, with the consent of ‘mariti
sui … domini Griffini’, witnessed by ‘Dominis Rogero Extraneo, Roberto fratre
suo.’ (S) FMG.
1271, The abbort and prior of Strata Marcella were present in
Welshpool castle when Gruffydd granted the manor of Buttington to his son
1271, Gruffydd supported Llywelyn on his campaign against
Caerphilly. (S) History of Wales, V2, Lloyd, 1912, P748.
11/16/1272, King Henry III died; his son Lord Edward was on
crusade in the Holy Land.
5/1274, Llywelyn ab Gruffydd, Prince of Wales, attacked the
lands of Gruffyd ap Gwenwynwyn, capturing Arwystli and those parts of
Cyveiliong beyond the Dovey. Llwelyn took Gruffydd’s son Owain as a hostage.
(S) DNB, V12, 1909, P18.
1274, As part of an agreement between Llywelyn ab Gruffydd,
Prince of Wales, and Gruffyd ap Gwenwynwyn, issues dealing with the abbey of
Aberconwy in Gwynedd and the abbey of Strata Marcell in Powys were addressed.
8/2/1274, King Edward arrived back in England.
8/19/1274 at Westminster abbey, Edward I crowned king of
England. [Llywelyn did not appear at the coronation to do his homage, but
12/1274, Llywelyn sent the abbot and prior of Cymer to
Welshpool to induce Gruffydd to return to his fealty.
2/1275, Gruffydd, his wife Hawise and his son Owain were all
involved with Llywelyn's brother Dafydd ap Gruffydd in an attempt to
assassinate Llywelyn. [The assassination was prevented by a snow storm.] The
family went in exile again in England at Shrewsbury. [The details of the plot
were later revealed by Gruffydd’s son Owain to the bishop of Bangor. The
documentation of the agreements were kept in a chest by Hawise.] (S) History of
Wales, V2, Lloyd, 1912, P748.
1275, Gruffud again a royal supporter, now of King Edward I,
waged continuous conflict with Llywelyn.
12/1275, The sheriff of Shropshire ordered to allow Gruffydd
and his familiares to dwell in Shrewsbury until futher orders.
5/1276, Llywelyn complained to King Edward about raids by Roger
de Mortimer and Gruffydd ap Gwenwynwyn in the Marches.
4/29/1277, The castle of Dolovoreyn, surrendered the previous
day to William de Leyborne, delivered to Gruffydd ap Gwenwynwyn to guard and
keep at his own cost. (S) History and Law, Is2, 1935, P32.
1277, Gruffydd ap Gwenwynwyn, lord of Powys, had a Cistercian
monk as his chaplain.
5/12/1277, Provision made
for Gruffudd's wife Hawise by a English and Welsh practices.
(S) Bulletin of the Board of Celtic Studies, V33, 1986. [Gruffudd's charter
made to Hawise his wife granting to her the townships of Buttington, Trewern, Hope
and Gungrog as well as property elsewhere and granting to her a free burgage in
his new market in Trefnant.]
6/1277, Gruffydd with King Edward in Chester where he cleared a
road through a dense forest, and started construction on the castles of Flint
and Rhuddlan. King Edward made forays into the Welsh lands of Llywelyn ap
Gruffydd, prince of Wales, capturing Snowdonia and the isle of Anglesey.
1277, “Y rhai hynny a ddodes Gruffydd ab Gwenwynwyn I oresgyn
ei gyfoeth a Gollasai cyn no hynny gan adael I’r brenhin Gedewain a Cheri a
Gwerthrynion a Buellt.” [Then did Gruffydd ab Gwenwynwyn bring to recover his
possessions which he had lost, leaving to the King Cedewain, Kerry,
Gwerthrynion and Builth.] (S) Collections Historical of Montgomeryshire, V30, 1898,
1277, Gruffud had the barony of Powys restored by Llywelyn.
[Land disputes continued because Gruffud wanted to follow English law, while
Llywelyn wanted to follow Welsh law.]
1277, James, abbot of Strata Marcella, present when Gruffydd
settled his estates on his eldest son Owain. [This started the court case for
Arwystli, between Merioneth and Builth, which the English considered part of
11/11/1277, King Edward returned to London with Llywelyn, who
had agreed to do homage for his lands;incorporating Wales into England.
7/22/1278 at Oswestry, Llywelyn made a claim against Gruffydd
ap Gwenwynwyn of the whole of Arwystli, and whole land between the Dovey and
the Dulas, belonging to the land of Meirionydd. (S) The Welsh Asize Roll, Davies,
8/1278, Llywelyn received the homage of Gruffydd ap Gwen,
steward of Gruffydd ap Gwenwynwyn.
9/1278, The case of Llywelyn versus Gruffydd was heard before
King Edward at Rhuddlan.
1/14/1279, Llywelyn required to send to the king attroneys
versed in the law [‘Howel Dda’ of the Welsh] … Gruffudd ap Gwenwynwyn prefers
[English law] so that a decision could be made on the law to be used in the
Arwystili case. (S) 13th Century England VII, 1997, P192.
4/30/1279, Gruffydd ap Gwenwyn appeared at court, Llywelyn
defaulted [did not show.] (S) The Welsh Asize Roll, Davies, 1940, P212.
1279-80, Gruffydd granted a charter “to his beloved and
faithful burgesses of Pole”, creating a free borough with many priviledges, “so
that the aforesaid burgesses and their heirs shall be free of all customs and
services pertaining to me and my heirs in all my lands.”
6/15/1281, The case of Arwystli, initiated by Adam de
Montgomery [really representing King Edward and English law] against Owain ap
Gruffydd ap Gwenwynwyn, ended with a decision that they should do homage to
Gruffydd.(S) History and Law, Is7,
1940, P148. [Gruffyd ap Gwenwynwyn’s lawsuit regarding Arwystli in Powis was
heard before William of Hopton.]
11/10/1281, Maredudd ap Llewelyn of Mechain and his
parceners were ordered to do homage to Gruffydd ap Gwenwynwyn. (S) Calendar
of Chancery Rolls.
1282, Gruffud a prominent English supporter in the new
12/1282, Llewelyn ap Gruffydd defeated at the battle of Radnor
in eastern Wales. Edmund Mortimer, Roger Mortimer, Hugo le Strante and Grufudd
ap Gwenwynwyn approached Llywelyn, at the front of his army, on a promise of
doing homage. The two forces immediately engaged. Near dusk, Llywelyn was
surrounded and killed. [Edward received the head of Llywelyn at Rhuddlan
castle.] (S) Find a Keyper, Powell, 2011, P98.
1283, Gruffud died. [Owain ap Gruffud ap Gwenwynwyn appeared at
the parliament of Shrewsbury and surrendered his lands and crown to King Edward
I; effectively becoming a Marcher Baron of England.]
Aft. 1283, Llandybo was among the lands assigned to Gruffudd's wife Hawise in
1287, Lord Owyn, son of Griffin ap Wenonwen, vs. Griffin, his
brother … the land of Meycheyn Hulquoat … Griffin to hold during the life of
their mother Hawyse. (S) Collectanea Archaeologica, 1862, P208.
5/17/1290, Final concord between Owen and his brother Griffin,
… Griffin should hold … as long as the Lady Hawyse, their mother, should live,
… Dendowr … held by Hawyse in dower … or revert at her death to Owen …
1292, Petition by Hawise, wife of Gruffyd ap Gwenwynwyn,
regarding her lands in Wales. In Shropshire her dower was confirmed by the
king's attorney, but she could not be endowed in Wales at the time of her
marriage. The petition was withdrawn and she was given her husband’s lands in
Derby and the manor of Ashford.
1293, Gruffud’s son Owain, Lord of Welshpool [Upper Powys]
died; guardianship of his son Gruffud granted to wife Joan [Corbet]. Wardship
of the lands was divided between Joan and Owain’s mother Hawise.
1294-95, Hawise, widow of Griffin de la Pole, given the custody
assigned of the castle of La Pole, and all the lands which had belonged to her
son Owen de la Pole, deceased.
1295, Joan, wife of son Owain, asked for commissions of oyer
and terminer claiming that Owain’s brothers and mother Hawise were trying to
deforce her of her dower.
1298-99, Hawise and her sons asked for commissions of oyer and
terminer claiming rights to Joan’s dower.
4/1/1299, Commission … touching a petition of Hawisia de la
Pole that whereas she holds, by the king’s commission, the custody of the
castle of la Pole, late of Owen de la Pole, deceased, … Roger Trumwyn and Joan
his wife [wife of deceased son Owain], under colour of the custody of the lands
late of Lewis de la Pole, who held of the said Owen, … have on their authority
subtracted some services … (S) CPRs.
1307-08, The king committed to Hawise’s son Griffin custody of
Pole castle, previously held by Hawise, until the heir comes of age. (S)
Collectanea Archaeologica, 1862, P209.
1310, Hawise died: Hawisia uxor Griffini de la Pole held in
Shropshire - Argyngeroyd, Kekidena, Buchegedin, Trenedrit, Bronannyrth, Launrevel,
Kenywd, Leffyn, Namneygehand, Botynton & Trewerne, Hope of Gawes barony.
(S) Portraits of Medieval Women, Mitchell, 2003. (S) A
Chronicle of the Early Le Stranges, Le Strange, 1916. (S) Edward I, Prestwich, 1988.
(S) The Welsh Cistercians, Williams, 2001. (S) Montgomeryshire Worthies, Williams,
Children of Gruffud and Hawise: [5 sons, 1 daughter]
i. Owain de la Pole (30424250), born ~1245 in Wales.
ii. Mabel de la Pole (121684551), born ~1250 in Wales.
iii. Llewelyn de la Pole, born ? in Wales.
Lewelyn married Sibyl, widow of Grimbald Pauncefot. [No
1295, Llewelyn died.
iv. John de la Pole, born ~? in Mawddwy, Wales.
7/26/1289, John was in holy orders and rector of the church of
La Pole. (S) Collectanea Archaeologica, 1862, P207.
1303, John died as the prebend of Hampton episcopi in the
diocese of Hereford.
v. Griffin de la Pole, born ~? in Mawddwy, Wales.
Aft. 2/5/1321, Griffin died.
vi. William de la Pole, born ~? in Mawddwy, Wales.
5/16/1290, William relinquished to his brother Owen all right
of participation in the lands of their father.
5/24/1297, Mandate to all Welshmen of Powys, Gwenunwyn, Oswaldestre,
Ellesmere and Knokyn to give credence to William de la Pole and John de Borham,
in the matters which the king has entrusted to them. (S) CPRs. [The king was
going beyond seas.]
7/14/1297, Mandate to William de la Pole and Griffin Waghan to
cause Welsh of the land of Powys Griffyuth and Powys Madok, who late at the
king’s mandate were selected by them to set forth and cross the sea with the
king in the king’s service, to come to Whitchurch … to receive the king’s wages
and to set forth thence under such good conduct as the said William and Giffin
or their deputies shall provide … (S) CPRs.
12/7/1297, Commission to William de la Pole to array 300 Welsh
foot in the land of Powys. (S) CPRs.
1299-1300, The manor of Sardon Magna held by Will. de la Pole
and Galdowsa his wife.