Family histories with citations for reference and research -- Searching: I use original spellings from various sources. -- "It is a revered thing to see an ancient castle not in decay; how much more to behold an ancient family which has stood against the waves and weathers of time!" - Francis Bacon.
Saturday, June 2, 2012
G27: 79638584. le Bigod
79638584. Earl Hugh le Bigod &
79638585. Juliana de Vere
Bef. 1100, Hugh born in England, s/o 159277168. Roger le Bigod
& 159277169. Alice de Toeny.
1107, Hugh’s father Roger died, succeeded by his son William.
11/26/1120, William Bigod died in the same shipwreck that
killed William, heir of King Henry I.
11/27/1120, Hugh succeeded his brother as hereditary Steward of
the household, and hereditary patron of Thetford priory and Felixstowe priory.
1122, Hugh Constable of Norwich Castle and governor of the city
~1123, Juliana born in Essex, England, d/o 1512946706. Aubrey
de Vere II & 1512946707. Alice FitzRichard.
1123, Notification that Walter de Gloucester has given to his
nephew William de Mare Little Hereford in fee to be held by the service of two
knights … attested … Hug Bigoto …. (S) Pipe Roll Society, V10, 1888, P18.
1131 at Waltham, Grant of the King for the use of the canons of
the church of the martyrs Gervase and Protase of Sees … attested … Waleran
count of Meulan, Hugh Bigot and Humphrey de Bohun sewers, Miles of Gloucester,
… Payn fitz John, … Geoffrey fitz Pain, … (S) English Historical Review, V34,
1132, Grant to the hospital of Falaise … attested by … William
earl of Warren; the sewers Hugh Bigot, Humphrey de Bohun, and Robert de Curci;
Geoffrey ftiz-Pain, Miles of Gloucester, Pain fitz-John, … and Aubrey de Ver,
12/2/1135, King Henry I died in Rouen, Normandy. Hugh supported
Stephen of Blois as the new king of England.
12/22/1135, Stephen crowned king of England.
1136, Hugh le Bigod witnessed King Stephen’s Charter of
1136, On a rumor of King Stephen’s death, Hugh siezed an held
Norwich. [Which he subsequentley returned to the King.]
9/1139, King Henry’s daughter Empress Matilda invaded England
with forces led by her half brother Robert, Earl of Gloucester, and took
control of western England.
1140, Hugh created Earl of Norfolk.
1/1141, Hugh le Bigod commander of King Stephen’s army.
2/2/1141, Hugh le Bigod with the forces of King Stephen
defeated at the battle of Lincoln castle. Matilda’s forces captured King
9/14/1141, Empress Matilda’s forces defeated at the battle of
Winchester by forces led by King Stephen’s wife Matilda of Boulogne. Empress
Matilda’s brother Robert, earl of Gloucester, was captured.
1141, King Stephen exchanged for Robert, earl of Gloucester,
again became King of England.
1148, Hugh sided with Archbishop Theobald, in conflict with
King Stephen, and who he protected in his castle of Framlingham. [Hugh helped
with the reconciliation.]
8/1153, King Stephen’s only heir Eustace died. Henry, duke of
Normandy [future Henry II], invaded and attacked Stamford to assert his claim
to the crown. Hugh held Ipswich against King Stephen’s forces.
11/6/1153, King Stephen by the Treaty of Wallingford named
Matilda’s son [Henry II] as heir to Stephen.
10/25/1154, King Stephen died.
12/19/1154, Henry II crowned king of England.
1154, Hugh, steward to King Henry II, confirmed as Earl of
Norfolk, and as lord of Eresham, Walesham, Alvergate, & Aclay.
1155, Hugh resigned the castle of Framlingham to King Henry
1156-7, Hugh, sheriff of Norfolk accounting ‘de verteri firma.’
1157, Hugh in rebellion against scutage and other fees of Henry
II. King Henry brought an army and forced Hugh into submission.
1163, Hugh Bigod, earl of Norfolk, a witness to the
Anglo-Flemish Money Fiefs document. (S) Feudal Assessments, Keefe, 1983, P117.
Aft. 1/1164, Hugh one of many baron excommunicated by
archbishop Becket of Canterbury [for retention of lands of the monastery of
1166, Hugh Bigod of Norfolk, held 161 knights’ fees in
England and Wales. (S) War, Government and Aristocracy in the British Isles,
Given-Wilson, 2008, P15. [Assessed on the aid of marrying the King’s daughter.] 3/3/1170, King Henry returned to England after an absence of 4
1173, Hugh le Bigod created Lord of the Honour of Eye by King
Henry the young.
1173, Hugh became a key rebel baron in the revolt of the sons
of Henry II.
9/25/1173, Robert de
Beaumont fled just before the King Henry II burned his fortress at
Bréteuil, Normandy. Robert landed at Walden, Suffolk with Flemish mercenaries,
where he was joined by Hugh. Their forces plundered Norwich and took Hagenet
10/17/1173, Hugh in opposition to the royal forces at the
battle of Fornham. [His son Roger was on the royalist side.] (S) Chronicles of
the Reigns of Stephen, Henry II, and Richard I; 1886, P295. [An estimated
10,000 died, Hugh escaped.]
1173, Hugh reached Dover, procured a truce with local barons,
and with 14,000 Flemish forces sailed to France.
1174, Hugh returned with his Flemish forces to England and
captured Norwich. Henry II returned to England, assembled and army, and
demolished Hugh’s castles at Ipswich and Walton. Hugh’s forces at Framlingham
and Bunga surrended to King Henry. King Henry dismantled Framlingham. Hugh
surrendered before King Henry destroyed Bungay. Hugh fined 1000 marks and had
to give hostages to King Henry. (S) Antiquities of Framlingham, Green, 1834, P41.
7/25/1174, Hugh renewed his homage to King Henry II and was
reinstated as Earl of “Norwic and Norfole”.
Bef. 3/9/1177, Hugh died; buried at the monastery at Thetford.
(S) Magna Carta Ancestry, P84. (S) Official Baronage of
England, V2, Doyle, 1886, P574.
·Hugh divorced his 1st wife to marry
Gundreda ?. They had a son named Henry. (S) The Reign of King Stephen, Crouch,
Child of Hugh and Juliana:
i. Roger le Bigod (39819292), born bef. 1140 in England.