Saturday, June 2, 2012

G27: 79638584. le Bigod

79638584. Earl Hugh le Bigod & 79638585. Juliana de Vere

Bef. 1100, Hugh born in England, s/o 159277168. Roger le Bigod & 159277169. Alice de Toeny.

1107, Hugh’s father Roger died, succeeded by his son William.

11/26/1120, William Bigod died in the same shipwreck that killed William, heir of King Henry I.

11/27/1120, Hugh succeeded his brother as hereditary Steward of the household, and hereditary patron of Thetford priory and Felixstowe priory.

1122, Hugh Constable of Norwich Castle and governor of the city of Norwich.

~1123, Juliana born in Essex, England, d/o 1512946706. Aubrey de Vere II & 1512946707. Alice FitzRichard.

1123, Notification that Walter de Gloucester has given to his nephew William de Mare Little Hereford in fee to be held by the service of two knights … attested … Hug Bigoto …. (S) Pipe Roll Society, V10, 1888, P18.

1131 at Waltham, Grant of the King for the use of the canons of the church of the martyrs Gervase and Protase of Sees … attested … Waleran count of Meulan, Hugh Bigot and Humphrey de Bohun sewers, Miles of Gloucester, … Payn fitz John, … Geoffrey fitz Pain, … (S) English Historical Review, V34, 1919, P563.

1132, Grant to the hospital of Falaise … attested by … William earl of Warren; the sewers Hugh Bigot, Humphrey de Bohun, and Robert de Curci; Geoffrey ftiz-Pain, Miles of Gloucester, Pain fitz-John, … and Aubrey de Ver, at Marden.

12/2/1135, King Henry I died in Rouen, Normandy. Hugh supported Stephen of Blois as the new king of England.

12/22/1135, Stephen crowned king of England.

1136, Hugh le Bigod witnessed King Stephen’s Charter of Liberties.

1136, On a rumor of King Stephen’s death, Hugh siezed an held Norwich. [Which he subsequentley returned to the King.]

9/1139, King Henry’s daughter Empress Matilda invaded England with forces led by her half brother Robert, Earl of Gloucester, and took control of western England.

1140, Hugh created Earl of Norfolk.

1/1141, Hugh le Bigod commander of King Stephen’s army.

2/2/1141, Hugh le Bigod with the forces of King Stephen defeated at the battle of Lincoln castle. Matilda’s forces captured King Stephen.

9/14/1141, Empress Matilda’s forces defeated at the battle of Winchester by forces led by King Stephen’s wife Matilda of Boulogne. Empress Matilda’s brother Robert, earl of Gloucester, was captured.

1141, King Stephen exchanged for Robert, earl of Gloucester, again became King of England.

1148, Hugh sided with Archbishop Theobald, in conflict with King Stephen, and who he protected in his castle of Framlingham. [Hugh helped with the reconciliation.]

8/1153, King Stephen’s only heir Eustace died. Henry, duke of Normandy [future Henry II], invaded and attacked Stamford to assert his claim to the crown. Hugh held Ipswich against King Stephen’s forces.

11/6/1153, King Stephen by the Treaty of Wallingford named Matilda’s son [Henry II] as heir to Stephen.

10/25/1154, King Stephen died.

12/19/1154, Henry II crowned king of England.

1154, Hugh, steward to King Henry II, confirmed as Earl of Norfolk, and as lord of Eresham, Walesham, Alvergate, & Aclay.

1155, Hugh resigned the castle of Framlingham to King Henry [later restored.]

1156-7, Hugh, sheriff of Norfolk accounting ‘de verteri firma.’

1157, Hugh in rebellion against scutage and other fees of Henry II. King Henry brought an army and forced Hugh into submission.

1163, Hugh Bigod, earl of Norfolk, a witness to the Anglo-Flemish Money Fiefs document. (S) Feudal Assessments, Keefe, 1983, P117.

Aft. 1/1164, Hugh one of many baron excommunicated by archbishop Becket of Canterbury [for retention of lands of the monastery of Pentney, Norfolk.]

1166, Hugh Bigod of Norfolk, held 161 knights’ fees in England and Wales. (S) War, Government and Aristocracy in the British Isles, Given-Wilson, 2008, P15. [Assessed on the aid of marrying the King’s daughter.]

3/3/1170, King Henry returned to England after an absence of 4 years.

1173, Hugh le Bigod created Lord of the Honour of Eye by King Henry the young.

1173, Hugh became a key rebel baron in the revolt of the sons of Henry II.

9/25/1173, Robert de Beaumont fled just before the King Henry II burned his fortress at Br├ęteuil, Normandy. Robert landed at Walden, Suffolk with Flemish mercenaries, where he was joined by Hugh. Their forces plundered Norwich and took Hagenet castle.

10/17/1173, Hugh in opposition to the royal forces at the battle of Fornham. [His son Roger was on the royalist side.] (S) Chronicles of the Reigns of Stephen, Henry II, and Richard I; 1886, P295. [An estimated 10,000 died, Hugh escaped.]

1173, Hugh reached Dover, procured a truce with local barons, and with 14,000 Flemish forces sailed to France.

1174, Hugh returned with his Flemish forces to England and captured Norwich. Henry II returned to England, assembled and army, and demolished Hugh’s castles at Ipswich and Walton. Hugh’s forces at Framlingham and Bunga surrended to King Henry. King Henry dismantled Framlingham. Hugh surrendered before King Henry destroyed Bungay. Hugh fined 1000 marks and had to give hostages to King Henry. (S) Antiquities of Framlingham, Green, 1834, P41.

7/25/1174, Hugh renewed his homage to King Henry II and was reinstated as Earl of “Norwic and Norfole”.

Bef. 3/9/1177, Hugh died; buried at the monastery at Thetford.

(S) Magna Carta Ancestry, P84. (S) Official Baronage of England, V2, Doyle, 1886, P574.

Family notes:

·         Hugh divorced his 1st wife to marry Gundreda ?. They had a son named Henry. (S) The Reign of King Stephen, Crouch, 2000, P120.

Child of Hugh and Juliana:

i. Roger le Bigod (39819292), born bef. 1140 in England.

ii. William le Bigod, born ? in England.

By 1178, William died; buried with his father.