Family histories with citations for reference and research -- Searching: note that there may be multiple spellings from different sources. -- "It is a revered thing to see an ancient castle not in decay; how much more to behold an ancient family which has stood against the waves and weathers of time!" - Francis Bacon.
Thursday, June 14, 2012
G27: 79958114. FitzRobert-Beaumont
79958114. Earl William Fitz Robert &
79958115. Hawise de Beaumont
11/23/1116, William born in England; heir & s/o 159916042.
Sir Robert de Caen & 159916043.Mabel FitzRobert.
~1130 Hawise born in England, d/o 159116046. Earl Robert de Beaumont & 159116047.
Amice de Gael.
1134 at Rouen,
Normandy, William son of the earl of Gloucester attested a royal notification
to the archbishop of Rouen. (S) English Historical Review, V34, 1919, P575. 12/2/1135, King Henry I died.
12/22/1135, Stephen crowned king of England.
1138, William, renouncing his allegiance to King Stephen, held
Bristol and provided a haven for Geoffrey Talbot. (S) The Age of Owain Gwynedd,
Barbier, 1908, P19.
9/30/1139, Empress Matilda landed at Arundel in Sussex to claim
the crown of England. William met her with a retinue of 150 knights. (S) A
manual of Dates, Townsend, 1867, P372.
1139, Empress Matilda set up a court in Bristol. [William, a
nephew of the Empress Maud and a cousin of King Stephen, the principal
combatants of the English Anarchy period. William was the lord of the manor of Glamorgan,
as well as Caerleon, residing chiefly at Cardiff. William’ father was lord of
2/2/1141 at Lincoln, King Stephen was captured brought to
at Winchester, Empress Matilda acknowledged as “Lady of England and Normandy”
by Bishop Henry.
9/14/1141, Empress Matilda trapped at Oxford by an invading
army from Flanders [led by Stephen’s wife from France].
10/1141, William took control of the baronial estates when his
father was captured by partisans at Winchester.
11/1/1141, Empress Matilda exchanged King Stephen for her
12/25/1141, Stephen again crowned King. [The civil war would
continue for 12 more years.]
1141-47, Writ of King Stephen pardoning William fitz Robert for
a forfeiture concerning assarts on which he impleaded. (S) English Lawsuits,
V106, 1990, P304.
1144, William served as Governor of Wareham while his father
was in Normandy.
1145, King Stephen defeated Matilda’s forces at the battle of
1147, William overthrew Henry de Tracy at Castle Cary.
10/31/1147, William’s father, Robert, Earl of Gloucester, died.
By 1148, Earl William married Hawise, d/o the Earl of
Leicester. (S) Reign of King Stephen, Crouch, 2000, P237.
1148, Empress Matilda returned to Normandy, never return to
1149, Marcher lords William, earl of Gloucester, and Roger,
earl of Hereford, made an alliance by which they agreed to aid each other
against all men except Duke Henry. (S) Anarchy of King Stephen’s Reign, King, 1994,
P281. [This was targeted specifically at Gilbert de Lacy of Ewyas, Wales.]
1/1153, Duke Henry landed in England with 140 knights and 3,000
infantry in 36 ships.
8/1153, King Stephen’s son and heir Eustace died.
11/6/1153, Signed at Westminster, by the Treaty of Wallingford,
Henry recognized by his cousin King Stephen of England as his heir.
1154, Camberwell church given by William, earl of Gloucester, son
of Robert, earl of Gloucester, natural son of King Henry, to the abbey of
Bermondsey. (S) Monastic Anglicanum, V5, Dodsworth, 1825, P89..
10/1154, King Stephen of England died.
12/19/1154, Henry II crowned king of England.
3/1155 at London, William, earl of Gloucester, witnessed 3
9/29/1155, William, earl of Gloucester, attended the king’s
Great Council at Winchester.
1156, William’s mother died; and William began administering
all his lands.
5/15/1156, A long conflict involving William’s acknowlegdegment
of a grant by William Rufus to the abbot and convent of Gloucester was finally
1156, On the levy of ‘danegeld’ and ‘dona’, William received
only one pardon for lands in Suffolk. (S) Accession of Henry II, Amt, 1993,
1157, William, Hawise, and their son Robert were captured at
Cardiff castle by Welsh rebels led by “Ivor the Little”. (S) The Age of Owain
Gwynedd, Barbier, 1908, P86. [William was released when he restored lands he
had confiscated after the death of his mother.]
8/1158 at Winchester, William, earl of Gloucester, witnessed a
royal charter to Malmesbury abbey.
3/23/1159, Richard de Lucy made a gift of a gold ring to
William, earl of Gloucester, and Hawise his wife, witnessed by William’s
seneschal Richard de Kerdiff. (S) Archaeologia Cambrensis, 1889, P216.
1159, King Henry confirmed the 1154 grant of William, earl of
Gloucester, of Camberwell church.
7/1/1163 at Woodstock, William, earl of Gloucester, witnessed a
royal confirmation of a grant by Robert, earl of Leicester [William’s
father-in-law], to Nun-Eaton priory.
1164, William, earl of Gloucester, founded a priory at
Keynsham. [5 miles from Bristol.] (S) Chilcott’s Desc. History of Bristol,
1165, Herbert fitz Herbert held lands of his father including in
Gloucester, held of William, Earl of Gloucester.
1166, William of Gloucester held 322 knights’ fees. (S) War,
Government and Aristocracy in the British Isles, Given-Wilson, 2008, P15.
[Assessed on the aid of marrying the King’s daughter.]
1167, William, earl of Gloucester, certified that Poncius
filius Simonis held 8 knights’ fees of the honor of Gloucester. (S)
Transactions – Bristol and Gloucester, V12, 1888, P124.
12/29/1170, King Henry complicit in the murder of Thomas
Becket, Archbishop of Cantebury.
1172, Owain, s/o Iorwerth ap Owain killed by William, earl of
Gloucester, near Cardiff while under safe conduct on his way to peace talks
with Henry II at Usk.
4/1173, King Henry’s eldest 3 sons went into revolt. William supported
the King against his sons.
10/17/1173, Robert, earl of Leicester, at Fornam, St.
Genevieve, defeated and captured by combined forces of Richard de Lucy,
Humphrey de Bohun and the earls of Cornwall, Gloucester [William] and Arundel.
7/26/1174 at Northampton, William, earl of Gloucester, and
Richard, earl of Hertford, gave assurances to the king of their loyalty. (S)
Scholar’s History of England, Ramasay, 1903, P181.
5/18/1175 at London, W. Earl of Gloucester witnessed a royal
charter to Gloucester abbey.
6/24/1175 at Oxford, William surrendered control of Bristol castle
to the King.
6/29/1175, William, earl of Gloucester, and William de Braose
were charged with defining the King’s subjects against the Welsh.
10/1175, King Henry confirmed William, earl of Gloucester’s
grants to the priory of St. James at Bristol. [Hawise had witnessed this grant,
made about 1160.]
5/1176, at Westminster, William, earl of Gloucester, attested a
royal charter in favour of Earl William de Mandeville.
9/28/1176 at Windsor, Earl William made John, the younger son
of King Henry II, heir to his earldom, in conformity with the King’s promise
that John should marry one of his daughters, if the Church would allow it,
since they were related in the 3rd degree.
3/13/1177 at London, William present at the Great Council when
King Henry arbitrated between the Kings of Castile and Navarre. (S) Feudal
Assessments, Keefe, 1983, P104.
12/25/1178 at Winchester, William, earl of Gloucester, with the
King at his Christmas court.
1179, King Henry reconfirmed William’s title as earl of
Gloucester. (S) War, Government and Aristocracy, Given-Wilson, 2008, P4. [This
may have been a request of his son Prince John, in line to inherit the title.]
11/23/1183, William died on his birthday; Hawise survived him.
11/3/1189, Richard I crowned king of England.
1194, Hawise paid 300 marks for the seisin of Pimperne, Dorset.
1194-97, Grant by Hawise countess of Gloucester of part of her
maritagium at Pimperne, Dorset, to Nuneaton priory. (S) Women of the English
Nobility and Gentry, Ward, 1995, P95.
(S) Court, Household, and Itinerary of King Henry II, Eyton,
Children of William and Hawise:
i. Robert FitzRobert, born 1151 in Cardiff, Glamorganshire,
1166, Robert, the only son and heir, died.
ii. Avisa FitzRobert, born ~1153 in Gloucester, England.
Avisa married Geoffrey FitzPiers, Earl of Essex de Mandeville,
son of Piers de Lutegareshale and Lady Maud de Mandeville of Costow.
1189, Avisa died.
iii. Mabel FitzRobert, born 1155 in Gloucester, England.
Mabel married Amaury V de Montfort, s/o Count Simon de Montfort & Amicia de Beaumont.
iv. Amicia FitzRobert (39979057), born 1160 in Tewkesbury,
v. Isabel FitzRobert, born 1170 in Gloucester, England.
8/29/1189, Isabel 1st married Prince John.
1199, Price John and Isabel’s marriage dissolved – 2nd
Isabel 2nd married Geoffrey de Mandeville, Earl of Essex.
Isabel 3rd married Hubert de Burgh, 1st
Earl of Kent.