Monday, June 25, 2012
G27: 79959034. Beaumont-Montfort
8/2/1100, Henry I crowned King of England.
1104, Waleran de Bellemonte born in France, s/o 318232092. Earl Robert de Beaumont & 318232093. Isabel de Vermandois. [Waleran a twin with his brother Robert, 2nd Earl of Leicester.]
6/5/1118, Waleran’s father died. Robert received the lands in England, Waleran the lands in Normandy.
6/11/1118, Waleran and his brother Robert made wards of King Henry I.
1119, Waleran in the entourage of King Henry at Gisors where he and his brother debated with the Cardinals accompanying Calixtus II.
1119 at Rouen, Waleran, for the deliverance of his father Robert earl of Leicester’s soul, made a grant to Bec abbey. (S) Anselm of Bec, Vaughn, 1987, P315.
1120, Waleran, Count of Meulan, allowed to succeed to his lands, including the county of Meulan in France upriver on the Seine from the Norman border with the castle of Vatteville, and the manor of Sturminster Marshall in the county of Dorset in England.
6/1121, Confirmation charter for Merton priory, Surrey by King Henry; “I Waleram, Earl Mellen.” (S) Records of Merton Priory, Stephenson, 1898, P13.
1123, Waleran joined Amaury de Montfort, count of Evreux, in the support of the claim of William Clito, s/o Robert Curthose on Normandy. Attacked by King Henry I, Waleran retreated to his castle of Brionne.
10/1123, Waleran lost his castle of Pont Audemer on the Norman coast to a siege.
1124, Waleran’s supporters mocked troops sent against them by the “king of the English” as rustics and mercenaries at the siege of Sainte-Suxanne, Normandy. (S) English and the Norman Conquest, Williams, 1997, P5.
3/25/1125, Waleran, with his brother-in-law Hugh de Montfort, went to break the siege of his castle at Vatteville. On his return trip, Waleran’s forces were defeated by forces of King Henry.
4/16/1125, Returning from Vatteville, Amaury de Montfort and Waleran de Beaumont ambushed; Waleran was captured. Waleran surrendered his castles to the forces of King Henry; then imprisoned and taken to Wallingford castle.
~1120, Agnes born in France, d/o 319832088. Amaury de Montfort & 319832089. Agnes de Garlande.
1129, Waleran released from prison by King Henry, restoring his lands, but not his castles. [In 1128, William Clito, on his death bed, had asked that his uncle King Henry pardon his supporters.]
2/1131, Waleran and his brother Robert with King Henry at Rouen.
5/31/1131, Walean attended a curia at Meulan priory with his constable, multiple barons, and William de Harcourt.
1131 at Waltham, Grant of the King for the use of the canons of the church of the martyrs Gervase and Protase of Sees … attested … Waleran count of Meulan, Hugh Bigot and Humphrey de Bohun sewers, Miles of Gloucester, … Payn fitz John, … Geoffrey fitz Pain, … (S) English Historical Review, V34, 1919, P563.
8/1131, Waleran at the royal curia at Arques, Normandy.
1132, Grant to the hospital of Falaise … attested by … William earl of Warren; the sewers Hugh Bigot, Humphrey de Bohun, and Robert de Curci; Geoffrey ftiz-Pain, Miles of Gloucester, Pain fitz-John, … and Aubrey de Ver, at Marden.
1135, Waleran, in a solemn ceremony, made donations to Saint Gilles, Pont-Audemer. (S) Waleran, … and the Leper Hospital of S. Gilles de Pont-Audemer, Mesmin, 1982, P6.12/2/1135, Waleran present when King Henry I died in Rouen, Normandy. Waleran was in possession of Montfort in Normandy.
12/22/1135, Stephen crowned king of England.
4/1136, Waleran pledged his allegiance to King Stephen. Waleran was given the marriage of Stephen’s infant daughter and received the city and county of Worcester as her marriage portion.
1136, Waleran returned to Normandy as the King Stephen’s Lieutenant. Waleran de Beaumont, supported by Henry de Ferrers, raided Exemes.
1136, Geoffrey of Monmouth dedicated the earliest edition of “History of the Kings of Britain” to Waleran.
9/1136, Waleran repelled an invasion by Geoffrey Plantagenet of Anjou [1135-38, Geoffrey launched 4 unsuccessful invasions of Normandy.]
6/1137, Waleran, 1st meeting King Stephen at Pont-Audemer, attended King Stephen around Normandy [visiting Bayeux, Evreux, Lyons-la-Foret, Pont Audemer, and Rouen.] (S) Waleran, … and the Leper Hospital of S. Gilles de Pont-Audemer, Mesmin, 1982, P5.
1137, Waleran’s child bride died in London.
1137, Amaury de Montfort died. King Stephen created Waleran as vicomte de Evreux [This was likely made in concert with the arranged marriage to Amaury’s daughter].
8/1/1137, Louis VII succeeded as king of France.
1137, At the end of the year, Waleran returned to England with the King.
1137-38, Waleran, count of Meulan, was given the castle of Wark.
5/1138, Waleran and his brother captured Roger de Tosny, who had be leading a rebellion in Normandy.
6/1138 in Normandy, Waleran repelled an invading Angevian force.
11/22/1138 in England, Waleran, earl of Worcestor, founded the Cistercian abbey of Bordesley. Waleran held both Worcester and Droitwich. [The same year his brother Hugh was named the earl of Bedford.]
12/18/1138, Waleran, count of Meulan, was in Rouen meeting with William de Roumare, King Stephen’s justiciar in Normandy. William, earl of Warren [Waleran’s half-brother], Robert de Newbourg, and baron Waleran de Meulan, were also at the meeting.
12/1138-39, Waleran was at King Louis’ court in Paris. His retinue included Henry de Ferrers, Hugh de Ferrers, and Walter de Beauchamp.
4/1139, Waleran in Paris as an ambassador to his cousin King Louis VII of France.
6/1139 at Oxford, Waleran and his twin brother were leaders in the seizure of the Bishops of Salisbury and Lincoln.
9/30/1139, Robert, Earl of Gloucester and Empress Matilda landed an invasion force at Arundel. King Stephen surrounded Matilda at Arundel castle; and then asked Waleran to escort Matilda to her brother at Bristol.
1139, Waleran heir to his mother’s estates of the honor of Elbeuf on the Seine.
1139, Waleran created earl of Worcester by King Stephen. [Waleran changed his seal: front – sigillum gualeranni comitis mellenti, back – sigillum gualeranni comitis wigornie.] (S) King Stephen, King, 2010, P132.
11/7/1139, Worcester attacked and sacked by the forces of Empress Matilda. Waleran retailiated by attacking Sudeley and Tewkesbury.
12/25/1139, Waleran attended King Stephen’s Christmas court at Salisbury.
1140, Waleran made a treaty with Bishop Simon of Worcester.
4/1140, at Newtown, 8 miles from Hereford, Robert created earl of Hereford by King Stephen. The charter was attested by his brother Waleran, William earl Warren, William d’Aubigny, earl of Lincoln, William, count of Aumale and earl of York, and Earl Simon. [Robert had claim to the earldom of Hereford because Amice was a granddaughter of William fitz Osbern.] (S) King Stephen, King, 2010, P132.
2/2/1141, Waleran at the battle of Lincoln, where King Stephen was captured. He escaped but was later captured and imprisoned at Bristol. [His capture was likely a result of the defection of William de Beauchamp, sheriff of Worcester. King Stephen’s capture made the conquest of Norman lands by Geoffrey Plantagenet of Anjou much easier. Waleran’s English possessions which much smaller than his Norman possessions.]
4/7/1141 at Winchester, Empress Matilda acknowledged as “Lady of England and Normandy” by Bishop Henry.
1141, Waleran gave fealty to the Queen, and went to Meulan, Normandy where he was granted his lands in England and Normandy by Geoffrey, the Queen’s husband.
12/25/1141, Stephen again crowned King. [The civil war would continue for 12 more years.]
1141-2, Waleran married Agnes; obtaining estates in the Pays de Caux, and the lordship of Gournay-sur-Marne in the Ile de France.
1141-2, Count Waleran ceded to Robert de Neubourg ‘Ponte Audomer de domino Normannie’, for 378£ yearly, confirmed by Geoffrey, lord of Normandy.
1142, Waleran researched the deeds in the archive of Meulan [which are mostly in Latin] before confirming its possessions. [Agnes his wife 1st appears in charters of this time.]
1143, Waleran witnessed a charter of Robert de Novoburgo, his cousin, granting 8£ yearly to St. Mary’s at Bec. (S) Historia Regum Britanniae, Collectif, P82.
1144, Walerand supported Geoffrey Plantagenet in his conquest of Normandy, including the fall of Rouen.
1145, Waleran, count of Meulan, wrote to William de Beauchamp, sheriff of Worcester, telling him of his imminent departure on crusade. (S) War and Chivalry, Strickland, 1996, P287.
3/31/1146, Waleran took the cross with King Louis at Vezelay. [Afterwards, Waleran began recruiting knights for his retinue, including releasing imprisoned knights for a vow of crusading.]
2/1147, Waleran was at Etampes with King Louis.
4–6/1147, Waleran with a great assembly of French nobility in Paris meeting with the Pope and King Louis VII.
5/25/1147 in Paris, Waleran made and accord with the Bishop of Rotrou of Evreux, between the priory of Beaumont and the Oxford priory of St. Frideswide respectively.
6/29/1147, Waleran de Meulan and William de Warenne joint leaders of an anglo-norman crusade force at Worms.
12/25/1147, On Christmas day on the coast of modern-day Turkey, encamped by a river, a tremendous storm washed away much of the supplies of the French. They decided to take a route over the mountains to Antioch.
1/4/1148, The crusaders fought in a battle at Laodicea against the Turks.
1/7/1148 in the area of Mount Cadmus, at night, the rear guard was surrounded and attacked. Louis decided to return to his water route. [William de Warenne killed in this battle.]
1/20/1148, After additional battles, the crusaders reached Atalya. There was not enough money for ships for everyone, and he left 7000 infantry in Satalia, Greece; hoping to receive funds for their journey from France. [A plague killed many of the 7000, and those not killed by the Turks joined their ranks against the Greeks and helped take Satalia. Nothing else is known of their destiny.]
3/19/1148, The crusaders reached Antioch.
6/24/1148 at Acre, at a High Court of Jerusalem, King Louis, Emperor Conrad III, and Baldwin, King of Jerusalem met. The Council decided that the best move in defense of the holy lands would be to retake Damascus.
1148, At Damascus, due to heat, lack of water, and disagreements on plans, the seige failed after 4 days. Louis sent most of the forces back.
1149, Waleran returned home by sea.
1150, Waleran attempted to install a colony from his abbey at Bordesley, in conflict with Empress Matilda attempting to install a colony from Mortemer.
1151, Waleran a patron of the Cistercian house of Bordesley.
9/7/1151, Duke Geoffrey of Normandy died; his son Henry succeeding [future King Henry II of England].
1151, Duke Henry began eroding Waleran’s influence in Normandy. Duke Henry and King Louis were skirmishing over Norman lands.
3/21/1152, The marriage of Queen Eleanor and King Louis VII annuled.
5/18/1152, Henry, Duke of Normandy, married Eleanor without King Louis’ consent. [With Eleanor’s lands, Duke Henry controlled more land than King Louis.]
1152, Pope Eugenius III called upon Waleran to confirm donations made to Saint Gilles. (S) Waleran, … and the Leper Hospital of S. Gilles de Pont-Audemer, Mesmin, 1982, P7.1153, Waleran was in Paris with King Louis.
1153, Waleran was ambushed by his nephew and enemy Robert de Montfort [son of Hugh], who held him captive at Orbec. Waleran was released when he agreed to surrender Montfort to Robert. [Confirmed 3/1154 by Duke Henry.]
1154, Waleran unsuccessfully laid siege to Montfort.
12/19/1154, Henry, Duke of Normandy, crowned king of England.
By 1155, King Henry took Waleran’s earldom of Worcester.
1155, In a charter to St. Peter’s abbery, Preaux, “I, Count Waleran of Meulan, have read this charter and confirmed it by my authority.”
1157, King Louis promised Waleran that he would not take the honor of Gournay if Waleran had to take King Henry’s side in a dispute. This was contingent on Waleran not using the forces of Gournay against King Louis.
1159, Waleran issued a charter exempting from custom the house of Ralph de Hantonne at Meulan.
5/1160, By a peace agreement at Chinon, negotiated by Pope Alexander III, King Louis recognized King Henry’s rights over Normandy and Aquitaine.
12/1160, King Henry and King Louis were again at war.
1161, Waleran lost his Norman lands and castles when he support King Louis VII against King Henry II. [Some lands were taken by King Louis as part of his battle with King Henry.]
7/1162, Count Waleran of Meulan granted a charter at castle Beaumont in Normandy to St. Giles of Pont Audemer, with assent of his wife Agnes and his son Robert, 30£ annually. (S) Calendar of Document Preserved in France, 1899, P84.
8/1/1163, Count Waleran held a curia at Beaumont.
1164-66, Waleran witnessed documents of his cousin Rotrou in Rouen.
1165, Waleran of Melan had his clerk refer to his castle of Beaumont-le-Roger as his “palace.” (S) Image of Aristocracy in Britain, Crouch, 1992, P202.
4/10/1166, Waleran, earl of Worcester, died as a monk at the abbey of St. Peter of Preaux near Pont Audemer, Normandy; his son Robert succeeding.
1181, Agnes died.
(S) The Beaumont Twins, Crouch, 2008. (S) The Capetians, Bradbury, 2007.
Children of Waleran and Agnes: [6 sons]
i. Robert de Beaumont (486734854), born ~1140 in Meulan, France. [Heir]
ii. Isabel de Meulan (39979517), born ~1145 in Meulan, France.