Tuesday, June 26, 2012

G27: 79959330. FitzHarding


79959330. Lord Robert Fitz Harding & 79959331. Lady Eve ?

~1105, Robert born in Bristol England, younger s/o §Harding & Lavida.

Eve born in France, d/o §Sir Estmond & Godiva.

~11/1115, Robert’s father died; his brother Nicholas succeeding. (S) Notes & Queries, 1879, P363.

Robert established himself as a merchant at Bristol, becoming provost of the town and acquiring a number of manors to add to that of Fifehead in Dorset which he had from his father.

Bef. 1130, Robert married to Eve.

Robert moved from his father’s house on Baldwin Street to a great stone house upon the Frome.

1140, Robert began to build the abbey of St. Augustine.

12/22/1135, Stephen crowned king of England.

1139, Empress Matilda invaded England from the west, based at Bristol, to claim the crown of England.

1139-40, Robert, as an associate of the earl of Gloucester, the Empress Maud's half-brother, and greatest supporter, Robert took Maud's side against Stephen, and Maud and her son “made use of the purse of this Robertt in that wantfull tyme of theirs”.

4/7/1141 at Winchester, Empress Matilda acknowledged as “Lady of England and Normandy” by Bishop Henry.

12/25/1141, Stephen again crowned King. [The civil war would continue for 12 more years.]

1142-43, Henry of Normandy [future Henry II] lived in Bristol where he was tutored by Matthews on Bsldwin’s street, where he became acquainted with Robert.

1143-49, … Witnesses: Bader' de Munem[outh], Walter de Clifford, Robert fil' Hard' [fitz Harding], Walter de Bello Campo [Beauchamp], Roger de Tocheham, Senard the chaplain, William de Berchel' [Berkeley], … (S) UKNA.

1146, Robert lent £80 to St. Peter’s abbey, Gloucester,  in return for the grant of its manor of Treguff, lands at Penhow and the church of Llancarfan for 5 years.

10/31/1147, Robert, earl of Gloucester, died; buried in the priory of St James outside Bristol castle. Robert Fitz-Harding held the manor of Bedminster of the earl. (S) History of Bristol, Corry, 1816, P194.

1147, Robert succeeded the earl as ‘reeve’ of Bristol. (S) British Numismatic Journal, 1908, P22.

4/1148, Robert completed building the abbey of St. Augustine: The bishops of Worcester, Exeter, Landaffe, and St. Asaph consecrated the church and buildings which Robert fitz Harding had newly built near the town of Bristol in his manor of Bileswicke. (S) Architectural Antiquities, V3, Britton, 1835, P76.

1/1153, Duke Henry landed an invasion force in England. Henry was heavily financed by Robert. (S) History of Bristol, Corry, 1816, P196.

1153 [early in the year], Henry, Duke of Aquitaine, visiting Bristol, granted Robert fitz Harding, for 500 marks, the manor, a mint, and a free market at Berkeley. (S) Gazetteer of Markets and Fairs. [The 1st coins were minted about 1156.]

Winter/1153, with Henry and Stephen’s forces facing each other in snow and cold, a peace agreement was made.

By 6/1153, Duke Henry, visiting Bristol, granted the entire manor of Bitton, and 100£ of land in Berkeleye, to Robert, with a promise that he would build a castle there. [This grant at the cost of Roger de Berkeley, hereditary farmers of the royal manor.]

1153, To settle the dispute over Berkeley lands: a contract where Sir Robert Fitz-Harding, Lord and Baron of Berkeley, in the house of Robert Fitz-Harding in Bristowe, in the presence of King Stephen and Henry, Duke of Normandy, and Earl of Anjou, and by his ascent and in the presence of many others, both clerks and laymen; it was agreed that Maurice, eldest son and heir of Robert Fitz-Harding, should marry Alice, daughter of Roger de Berkeley, receiving with her the town of Slimebrigge … (S) The great governing families of England, Sanford, 1865, P217. [This contract was made in Robert’s house. At the same time Maurice’s sister Elena contracted to marry Alice’s brother Roger.]

11/6/1153, Signed at Westminster, by the Treaty of Wallingford, Henry recognized by his cousin King Stephen of England as his heir. Stephen was to reign without dispute until his death.

1154, Henry Duke of Normandy and Aquitaine and Count of Anjou … granted to Nigel son of Arthur the land of Cumma [Combe] … which the said Nigel gave to his wife Ald[eva], daughter of Robert Fitzharding, as a dowry, … Witnesses: …, Robert son of Hard[ing], Maurice his son, … (S) UKNA.

10/1154, King Stephen died.

12/19/1154, Henry II crowned king of England.

Aft. 1154, Robert fitz-Harding made a grant to Adam Stut, his esquire, of land at Wica. (S) Reports of Commissioners, 1874, P29.

By 1158-9, Richard de Moreville gave Robert half a knights’ fee at Portbury, Somerset.

1162, Robert fitz Harding owed service of 5 knights’ fees. (S) Feudal England, Round, 2010, P256.

Bef. 1166, The Earl of Warwick granted Robert a fourth of a knight’s fee.

1166, Robert in undisputed possession of Berkeley [after the death of Roger de Berkeleye].

8/1166 at Bristol, Robert fitz Harding housed Dermot MacMarrough, King of Leinster, with 60 of his men, recently banished from Ireland. (S) The Making of Ireland, Lydon, 1998, P57.

3/12/1169, Eve died at the Maudlins of Bristol, which she founded.

2/5/1170, Robert died. [His brother Nicholas died about the same time.]

(S) The great governing families of England, Sanford, 1865, P217. (S) UKNA. (S) The Accession of Henry II, Amt, 1993. (S) Haskins Society Journal, 1989.

Family notes:

·          [Undated] Robert, son of Harding, to all his liegemen … I have given and granted to my son Maurice the land which I had in Brist, of the barony of Richard Foliot, … the land … of the barony of Richard de Saint Quintin in Great Street, … and the land … barony of Gilbert de Umfravill, to him and his heirs … land which I had in Bradestrete, in which I first dwelt, … also the stone house which I built upon Frome, … provide that Eva my wife shall hold that land during her life, … (S) The Spectator, V301, 2006, P763.

·         From Robert, earl of Gloucester, Robert purchased the manors of Bilswick and Bedminster (now in Bristol) and the three Somerset hundreds of Portbury, Bedminster and Hartcliff, just south of Bristol; from others the manors of Leigh (a member of Bedminster), Portbury, Weare, Tickenham and Pawlett in northern Somerset, Bray (Devon) and South Cerney and Acton (Glos.).

·         Harding s/o Eadnoth “the staller”, otherwise Harding de Meriet [a descendent of the kings of Denmark.]

Children of Robert and Eve:

i. Helena Fitz Harding, born ? in England. [Eldest daughter]

Helena married Robert de Berkeley, eldest s/o Sir Roger de Berkeley, and brother of Maurice’s wife. On the wedding of his daughter Helena, Robert gave her a dower of the Manor of Dursley in fee.

ii. Maurice Fitz Robert (19989664), born ~1130 in England.

iii. Robert Fitz Robert Fitz Harding, born ~1135 in England.

Robert “Juvenis”, Lord of Were, received many properties including Beverstone. Smyth says “this Robert lyved in great reputation litle inferior to his elder brother the lord Maurice, and was attended with knights and other servants, of eminent familyes and estimation.” He was given the town and castle of Malmesbury by Henry II.

Robert married 1st Hawise de Gurney.

Robert married 2nd Avice de Ghent.

iv. Margery Fitz Harding (39979665), born ~1145 in England.

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