79959638. Lord Bernard de Newmarch & 79959639. Nefta verch Griffin
Bernard born in Normandy, s/o §Geoffrey de Newmarch & Ada de Hugleville.
~1080, Annesta born in Wales, d/o §Trahearn ap Caradawg [Cradock]. (S) History of the Princes, Lloyd, 1881, P77.
1072-1104, Bernard de Neufmarch made the church of Much Cowarne in Herefordshire to Abbot Serlo of Gloucester. (S) Secular Jurisdiction of Monasteries, Shirley, 2004, P138.
9/9/1087, William the Conqueror died; his oldest son Robert getting Normandy, and his son William Rufus receiving England.
Bef. 1088, Bernard held Castell Dinas.
1088, Bernard joined the marcher lords in a rebellion against William Rufus. [Who was not well liked.]
1088, Bernard captured Glasbury and issued a charter to the abbey of St. Peter’s at Gloucester.
1091, William Rufus by “letters of marque” [which allowed adventureous knights to seize lands and subjugate inhabitants to the rule of the crown] sanctioned “Benard de Feuf Marche” to seize lands in Brycheiniog, Wales.
Aft. 1091, Bernard became one of the 1st Lord Marchers and built his town and castle of Brecknock near the confluence of 2 rivers. Bernard, holding his lands in service to the King, divided his lands into 3 vassal areas subject to his service.
1093-4, At the battle of Brecon, Bernard killed the local ruler, Rhys ap Tewdwr, king of Deheubarth, when his better disciplined knights were attacked by the Welsh forces. [Richard fitz Pons was one of Bernard’s knights.] Bernard used the Roman ruins at Gaer to build a castle.
1094, Bernard, still fending off local resistance, lost a significant battle to Gelli Darnauc.
1095, Bernard de Newmarch founded a cell of Battle at Brecon. (S) Church Work and Life in English Minsters, V2, Walcott, 1879, P74.
1096, Bernard de Newmarch divided the county of Brecon into 12 lordships. (S) Cambrian Journal, 1864, P110. [The 12 knights are identified in (S) Burke, V2, 1847, P1507.]
Bernard married Nefta [or Nest], the Welsh daughter of a local leader, which helped gain the loyality of his subjects. [Nest was also a descendent of Anarawd, s/o Rhodri the Great, who 200 years before had ruled all of Wales.]
1098, A key Welsh opponent of Bernard, Llywelyn ab Cadwgan, was killed. (S) History of the Princes, Lloyd, 1881, P94.
8/2/1100, Henry I crowned King of England after the death of his older brother William Rufus. King Henry’s eldest brother Robert, duke of Normandy, was returning from crusade when Henry usurped the throne of England.
1102, A fire burned much of Gloucester cathedral.
1102-7, Bernard confirmed grants of his vassals to Brecknock priory, in which Bernard is identified as lord of Cleobury.
Aft. 1115, Bernard de Novo Mercato assented to an endowment of his vassal William Revel to the parish of Hay in Brecknockshire. (S) A Defence of the Chruch of England, Selborne, 1888, P358.
10/16/1119, Bernard de Newmarch named in a papal bull of Pope Calixtus II to Walter fitz Richard about a complaint of the church of Llandaff. (S) Liber Landavensis, 1840, P561.
1121, Bernard purchased from King Henry the marriage of his daughter Sybill to Milo fitz Walter. (S) Women of the Engish Nobility, Ward, 1995, P27.
By 1125, Bernard, Lord of Brecknock died; buried in the Chapter House at Gloucester Cathedral. (S) Cathedral Chruch of Gloucester, Masse, 1905, P102.
Nest disavowed Bernard’s only male heir Mahel was as the actual son of Bernard. King Henry I deprived Mahel the right of succession, which then fell to Nest.
Nest died; succession of Brednock falling to her daughter Sybil.
(S) Annals and Antiquities … Wales, Nicholas, 1872, P67.
· Trahearn ap Caradog, 1076-81 the chief ruler of Gwynedd.
Child of Bernard and Nefta:
i. Sybill de Newmarch (39979819), born ~1100 in Wales. [Heir]