Sunday, July 8, 2012

G27: 94555144 King Alfonso II of Aragon

94555144. King Alfonso II of Aragon & 94555145. Sanchia of Castile

9/21/1154, Sanchia born in Castile, d/o 189110312. Alfonso VII, Emperor of Castile and Leon & 189110291. Richeza of Poland.
3/1157, Alfonso born “Ramon Berenguer” in Huesca, Spain; s/o 189110288. Count Ramon Berenguer IV of Barcelona & 189110289. Petronilla of Aragon.
8/6/1162, Alfonso’s father died; by his will putting Alfonso under the guardianship of King Henry II of England. King Henry appointed Ramon de Moncada and Guillem Torroja as advisors to Alfonso.
1162, Ramon taking the name “Alfonso II”, King of Aragon and Count of Barcelona. (S) A History of Medieval Spain, O’Callaghan, 1983, P259.
9/1162, Fernando II of Leon arranged for Alfonso II of Aragon to marry his sister Sanchia, and declared himself tutor and defender of his body and honour. (S) Spain, 1157-1300, Lineham, 2011.
2/24/1163, Alfonso, age 5, proclaimed Count of Barcelona.
6/18/1164, Petronilla renounced her titles in favor of her son Alfonso.
1164, Alfonso King of Aragon and Count of Barcelona.
1166, On the death of Ramon Berenguer, count of Provence, Aragon came in conflict with Raymond V, count of Toulouse [married to the heiress] in claiming rights to the lands.
1167, Alfonson, Count of Provence, by acquisition from Douce II.        
1168 at Sahagun, Alfonso VIII of Castile made a peace agreement with Alfonso II of Aragon.
11/1169, Alfonso granted Xivert to the Templars. (S) Book of Deeds of James I, Smith, 2010, P174.
1170, By the Treaty of Zaragoza, the kings of Castile and Aragon promised to cooperate against all Christians except the King of England. (S) War and Peace, Souza, 2008, P202.
1170, Visxountes Marie of Berne rendered homage to Alfonso [the next year her husband Guillem de Montcada confirmed the lordship of Berne.]
1171, Alfonso captured Teruel, an important stronghold of the Moors on the road to Valencia. The same year he captured Caspe.
1171, Alfonso VIII of Castile, and King Alfonso II of Catalonia & Aragon founded the new city of Teruel.
6/1172, Queen Eleanor of England, in Aquitaine, received diplomatic visits from King Alfonso of Aragon, and King Sancho of Navarre. [King Alfonso and King Sancho were married to half-sisters.]
2/21/1173, King Henry of England, and Duke of Aquitaine, held court at Montferrand in Auvergne which was attended by Alfonso, King of Aragon. (S) She-Wolves, Castor, 2011, P173.
1173, Alfonso ceded Provence to his brother Raymond Beranger.
1173, Alfonso’s mother died; and Alfonso took over complete rule.
1/18/1174 in Saragossa, Alfonson married Sanchia; sister of the King of Castile; giving more that 40 towns in dowry.
1175, Centulle of Bigorre became a vassal of Alfonso for the Val D’Aran.
1176, Alfonso formulated the decree [published in 1177 in the Fuero of Teruel] “Jews do have any part in the pecuniary penalty of a Jew, because all belong entirely to the king, since, in fact, the Jews are serfs of the king and they entrusted to his treasury.” (S) Jews, Muslins, and Christians, Lourie, 2004, P99.
1177, The kings of Castile, Leon, and Aragon agreed by the treaty of Tarazona to cooperate in campaigns against the Muslims.
1178, Alfonso refused to attend the Burgundian coronation of Frederick Barbarossa. (S) Innocent III and the Crown of Aragon, Smith, 2004, P52.
4/5/1179, Alfonso signed the treaty of Cazola with King Alfonso II of Aragon, in which the zones of expansion of Navarre, Leon, Portugal, and Aragon were defined. (S) War and Peace, Souza, 2008, P203.
1180, The Inquisition established at Seville, Spain.
1181, Alfonso’s brother Raymond Beranger died; and Provence reverted to the House of Barcelona. (S) Life and Times of James the First, Swift, 1894, P7.
1182, Alfonso promised not to seek ‘hueste’ or ‘cabalgada’ from the inhabitants of Tortosa. (S) Templars in the Corona of Aragon, Forey, 1973, P117.
1183, Alfonso II enfeoffed the counties of Rodez, Gevaudan and Carlat to Sanc, governor of Catalonia and procurator in Provence.
1184, Sanchia, queen of Aragon, founded a chapter of the Knights of St. John at Sigena. (S) Encyclopedia Britannica, V24, 1911, P13.
1185, Alfonso’s peninsular frontiers secure, he focus on securing the Midi, taking Provence under direct rule.
10/5/1186, By the Treaty of Berdejo, Alfonso ended a series of disputes with Castile.
5/1187 at Zaragosa, Alfonso reduced Sanchia’s dowery to 10 towns, mostly near the Castillian border.
1189, Alfonso of Aragon broke alliance with Alfonso of Castile, who supported Emperor Frederick Barbarossa’s attempt to put Provence under direct homage to the Holy Roman Empire.
1190, Alfonso II of Aragon joined forces with Sancho VI of Navarre against Castile by the Treaty of Borja.
1191, Pope Celestine III appointed Alfonso’s half-brother Berenguer as Archbishop of Narbonne.
5/27/1192, Contess Dolca ceded to Alfonso the county of Pallars Jussa.
1192, Bonafos ben Yuda, a jew, was the  “baile” of King Alfonso. (S) Music of the Jews, Sendrey, 1971, P100.
1193 at Marseilles, at the request of the Pope, Alfonso met Queen Berengaria, wife of captive King Richard I of England, and Richard’s sister Joanna, and escourted them to Raymond of St Giles, who would escort them to Poitiers.
1193, Alfonso turned over administration of Provence to his 2nd son Alfonso.
10/1194, Alfonso II, King of Aragon, encouraged by Cistercians, issued a decree against the Waldensians and all other heretics, ordering them to leave from all his lands since they were enemies of the Cross of Christ.
12/1194, Alfonso wrote his will at Perpignan. He asked Sanchia to not remarry and to govern the lands until their son Peter turned 20, and afterwards she would be restored to the original dowery of 40 towns.
8/1195-3/1196, Alfonso made a pilgrimage to Santiago de Compostela. (S) Latin Chronicle of the Kings of Castile, O’Callaghan, 2002, P30.
4/25/1196, Alfonso died in Perpignan.
11/1208, Sanchia died.
(S) Rise of the Spanish Empire, V1, Merriman, 1918.  (S) Medieval Iberia, Gerli, 2003. (S) Innocent III and the Crown of Aragon, Smith, 2004. (S) Crusade, Heresy and Inquisition, Smith, 2010.

Children of Alfonso and Sanchia:
i. Eleanor of Provence, born bef. 1177 in Aragon.

1/1204, Eleanor married Raymond, count of Toulouse.

ii. Pedro of Aragon (47277588), born 1176 in Aragon.
iii. Alfonso II of Provence (47277572), born 1177 in Aragon. [2nd son]
iv. Constance of Aragon, born 1179 in Aragon.

Constance 1st married King Emeric of Hungary [1 son – Ladislas born 1199.]
10/1204, On the death of her husband, Constance escaped Emeric’s brother Andrew by fleeing to Austria with her infant son who had been crowned. [5/7/1205 Ladislas died in Austria.]
8/15/1209 in Sicily, Constance married Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II Hohenstaufen, age 15.
1212-1220, Frederick acted as regent in Sicily during the absence of her husband.
6/23/1222, Constance died in Catania; buried in Palermo Cathedral.
Child: Henry VII, born 1211 in Sicily; King of Sicily [1212], duke of Swabia [1216], King of Germany [1220].