Monday, July 30, 2012
G27: 94559174 Marshall-Clare
1147, William born in England, 2nd s/o 189118348. John FitzGilbert & 189118349. Sibile of Salisbury
1152, William as a child was given as a hostage of King Stephen at the seige of Newbury castle. Stephen ordered John to surrender immediately or watch as he hanged William in front of the castle. John replied that he should go ahead, for “I still have the hammer and the anvil with which to forge still more and better sons!” Fortunately, Stephen could not bring himself to hang young William. As a younger son of a minor nobleman, William had no lands or fortune to inherit.
12/19/1154, Henry II crowned king of England.
As a young man he was sent to France to serve in the household of William de Tancarville, where he began his training to become a knight. Through William de Tancarville, he served in the household of his mother’s brother, Patrick, Earl of Salisbury.
1164, William’s father died; his older half-brother Gilbert succeeding.
1165, William’s brother Gilbert died [his older brother John succeeding].
1166, William Marshall at the tournament between Sainte-Jamme and Valennes in the retinue of William de Tancarville, his cousin. (S) Tournament, Part 4, Crouch, 2007, P77.
1167, In tournament at Neufchatel-en-Bray, William lost his horse. William had to sell his best robes to replace the horse. (S) English Historical Review, V110, 1995, P287. [He supposedly won over 500 bouts in tournaments. He has been described as the “greatest knight that ever lived” by Stephen Langton.]
6/1167, William knighted by William de Tancarville. (S) Medieval Knighthood V, 1995, P92.
1168, In and attempt to capture Queen Eleanor, William’s uncle Patrick was killed in an ambush by Guy of Lusignan s/o Hugh [but not Isabel]. William was injured and captured in the battle, but was ransomed by the Queen.
6/14/1170, King Henry had his 15 year old son Henry crowned King [thus the name Henry the Young King].
1170, William appointed tutor in chivalry for Henry the Young King. (S) Eleanor of Aqutaine, Swabey, 2004, P116.
1172, Isabel born in Ireland, d/o 189118350. Richard fitz Gilbert de Clare & 189118351. Eve MacMurchada.
4/1173, William stood by Henry the Young as he revolted against his father King Henry II [during which he knighted the Young King].
10/11/1174, King Louis VII stopped supporting Henry’s sons, effectively ending their rebellion.
2/2/1175, At Le Mans, King Henry’s sons Henry, Richard, and Geoffrey renew their oaths of fealty to their father.
5/8/1175, King Henry and son Prince Henry return to England.
1175, Henry the young king, spending the year in England under the guardianship of William Marshall, did nothing “except pleading, hunting, and fighting in tournaments.” (S) From Memory to Written Record, Clanchy, 2012, P252.
6/24/1175 at Oxford, William Mareschal witnessed a royal charter to the Canons of Malton.
1178, William attended the tournament at Joigny. (S) The Owl and the Nightingale, Page, 1990, P88.
12/1178 at Winchester, William attended King Henry II’s christmas court.
1179, The Lateran Council declared those slain in tournaments were denied christian burial. (S) The Chronicle, Villehardouin, 1829, P3.
11/1/1179 at Rhiems, Prince Philip crowned King of France by his maternal uncle the archbishop [his father was in declining health. Young King Henry of England carried the crown; William attended the ceremony.
11/1179, William Marshall participated in the retinue of Young King Henry at the great tournament at Lagney-sur-Marne. (S) Tournament, Part 4, Crouch, 2007, P76.
4/5/1181 at Chinon, William Marescall witnessed a royal charter to Walter, usher of the King’s chamber.
1182, William accused of undue familiarity with Marguerite of France, the Young King’s wife, and was exiled from his court.
12/1182, William went to the court of Henry II at Christmas, held at Caen in Normandy, to ask for trial by combat to prove his innocence, but this was refused.
6/11/1183, The Young King caught a fever and died at Martel. On his deathbed he asked William to fulfil his vow of going on a Crusade. William was the only knight willing to appear before King Henry II and tell of his son’s death. Henry II was appreciative of the loyalty William had shown to his son through all his rebellions. He paid a hostage fee the Young King owed against William and provided William and a small retinue of knights with horses and equipment for the crusade.
1183, Saladin siezed the city of Allepo in the Holy Lands; then [unsuccessfully] laid siege to Jerusalem.
1183, William left on crusade and vowed to be buried as a Knight Templar.
1184, Saladin again laid siege to Jerusalem. Unsuccessful, Saladin made a truce with the crusaders that ended the fighting [until 1187 when he won the battle of Hattin.]
1185, Isabel’s brother Gilbert died a minor.
1185-89, Isabel lived in London in the wardship of justiciar, Ranulf de Glanville. (S) Ideals and Practice of Medieval Knighthood II, Harper-Bill, 1988, P17.
1187, William, having returned to Normandy, became a knight of King Henry’s household; receiving a fief in Lancashire.
2/11/1188 at Geddington, Charter of King Henry to the church of Bungay. Witnesses … Earl William of Sussex; Earl David, brother of the King of Scots; Ranulf de Glanville; William de Humez; Walter fitz Robert; Seher de Quinci; William Marshall; … Richard de Camville; … (S) Hugh de Puiset – Bishop of Durham, Scammell, P284, 2011.
8/28/1188, King Henry sends the Archbishop of Rouen, the bishop of Evreux, and William Marescall with demands and threats to King Philip. The ambassadors bring back a message of defiance.
1189, While covering the flight of Henry II from Le Mans to Chinon, William unhorsed the undutiful son Richard in a skirmish. William could have killed the prince, but killed his horse instead, to make that point clear.
7/6/1189, Henry II died; son Richard his heir. [After Henry’s death, William was pardoned and welcomed at court by his former adversary, Richard, and was assigned to accompany the body to its burial.]
7/1189, William Marshall, after the death of Henry II, sped to England to release 68 year old Eleanor from prison at Winchester.
8/1189, King Richard, prior to leaving for a crusade, named William seneschal of Poitou. He also arranged for William to marry the second-richest heiress in England, Isabel de Clare, the 17-year-old daughter of Strongbow. [The wedding in London.]
9/3/1189 at Westminster, William attended the coronation of Richard I; bearing the sceptre with the cross.
12/12/1189, Richard departed on the 3rd Crusade. [1st going to France, from which he departed in July 1190.]
3/1190, in France, William and his brother John [with several others] witnessed a royal charter.
2/16/1192, [John, count of Mortain, had joined with King Philip of France against his brother King Richard] Letter commanding Hugh, bishop of Lincoln, to impose excommunication against … William Marshall, Geoffrey fitz Peter, William Brewer, Hugh Bardulf, … Gerard de Camville, the earl of Salisbury, … Henry de Vere, … (S) English Episcopal Acta, Karn, 2006, P211.
12/21/1192, King Richard, returning from crusade, was captured near Vienna.
1193, William joined in the war against Prince John’s attempt at the crown.
3/12/1194, King Richard, having once more evaded capture, landed at Sandwich, England. It only took Richard 2 weeks to recover his lands and castles.
3/1194, William’s older brother John died; William assumed the role of “Marshall” of the king’s household. (S) Lancashire Pipe Rolls, Farrer, 1902, P343.
1195, William Marshall, earl of Pembroke, re-edified the castle of Kilkenny in Ireland. (S) Beauties of Ireland, V1, 1825, P414.
1196, William was in France helping King Richard build the Chateau Gaillard castle on the Seine river.
1197, William was in France when King Richard received the news that Philip, Bishop of Beauvais, had been captured.
1199, William, Earl of Pembroke, succeeded his older brother John.
4/6/1199, King Richard I died.
4/10/1199, William met Hubert Walter in Normandy to discuss the succession of the crown. Hubert wanted Arthur of Brittany, William supported Prince John.
5/27/1199, John crowned king of England.
1199, William, 1st Earl of Pembroke, by King John.
1199, at Northampton, William Marshall, having returned to England, assembled barons to address their grievances, including William de Ferrers, earl of Derby. [Those assembled held over 850 knights’ fees.] (S) Reign of King John, Painter, 1949, P12.
1200, William Marescal, the elder, earl of Pembroke, built the Cistercian abbey of Our Lady of Tintern on the sea shore in Ireland. (S) Antiquities of Ireland, Ware, 1705, P82.
1201, With 100 knights, William Marshall sent to defend King John’s lands in Normandy.
11/1201 at Orbec, France, Hugh de Gournay [large land holder of King John in Normandy], by charter, gave to the hospital of Lisieux a rent of a thousand eels, payable every year; witnessed by Count William Mareschal, … Henry Biset, …
1202, William, earl of Pembroke, by writ to William le Gras, governor of Kilkenny … (S) Statistical Account, V3, Mason, 1819, P526.
1203, King Philip attacked John’s lands in Normandy and Angiers, capturing Chateau-Gaillard and the city of Rouen. King John sent forces commanded by William Marshall to repel the invasion.
12/1203 at Barfleur, France, William de Braose and William were part of the retinue accompanying King John on his return to England.
1204, William invaded Wales and captured Kilgerran.
1204, William made an agreement with King Philip Augustus of France which protected his lands as Philip conquered many English lands in France.
1205, William did not support King John’s plans to invade France to recover lands.
1206, King John invaded Angiers, leaving William in England as a regent.
4/21/1207, William Marshall stripped of the shrievalty of Gloucester by King John. [King John appointed Gerard d’Athee in his place.]
3/28/1208, Grant by King John to William Marshall, earl of Pembroke, of Leinster, Ireland, to hold in fee by the service of 100 knights.
12/29/1208, Earl William Marshall give 300 marks of silver to have seisin of the land of Offaly.
1209, Reginald de Breuse fled to Ireland where he was taken in by William Marshall.
1210, William and John de Grey, Justiciar of Ireland, attacked the “de Lacy” estates.
6/6/1210, King John attacked Ireland, launching 700 ships in the excursion.
7/28/1210, Statement by the K. regarding William de Breouse … William fled with his family into Ireland and was there harboured by Earl William Marshall, and Walter and Hugh de Lacy.
1211, William founded the hospital of St. John the Evangelist in Kilkenny. (S) Antiquities of Ireland, Ware, 1705, P82.
7/1212, The K. commands William Marshall, earl of Pembroke, to come to the K. at Chester … with John Bishop of Norwich and the K.’s Irish subjects. … bring 200 knights … [King John was suppressing a Welsh rebellion.]
10/1212, The K. to William Marshall, earl of Pembroke. Has by his letters thanked his barons and subjects of Ireland for their faithful service … but returns special thanks to the Earl. … the Earl’s presence in Ireland is necessary to the K. …
5/15/1213, William a witness of the document in which King John resigned his crown to the Pope.
7/21/1213, William given protection in Ireland because of being retained in England for service to the King.
5/1215, King John sent William Marshall, Earl Warenne, and Archbishop Langton to Brackley, Northamptonshire to demand a more specific account of the laws and liberties desired by the barons.
6/15/1215 at Runnymede, William, loyal to King John, at the signing of the Magna Carta.
5/1216, England invaded by King Louis VIII of France.
10/28/1216, Henry III, age 9, crowned king of England; William attended.
10/29/1216, William, refusing the position, appointed regent of the 9 year old King Henry III. The papal legate Gualo got William to agree by offering absolution for his sins. (S) Chronicles of the Age of Chivalry, 2000, P28.
11/1/1216, William appointed regent of the kingdom.
5/20/1217, William, with 400 knights, broke the siege of Lincoln. William’s forces battled 600 baronial and French knights led by the Count of Perche in combat in the city. The Count of Perche was killed in the battle. 46 barons and 300 knights were captured.
1217, William and the barons expelled the French Dauphin from London, Lincoln castle, and the lands southeast.
9/1217, Louis agreed to a peace settlement at Kingston and returned to France.
1217, King Henry was sent to live with William Marshall when his mother, Queen Isabella, returned to her homeland in France.
11/6/1218 at Westminster, W. Mar’, earl of Pembroke [William Marshall], witnessed a royal letter patent to the soldiers and free tenants of Merton priory. (S) Records of Merton Priory, Stephenson, 1898, P75.
3/1219, William realized that he was dying. He summoned his eldest son, also William, and his household knights, and left the Tower of London for his estate at Caversham in Oxfordshire, near Reading.
5/14/1219, William, Earl of Pembroke, died at Caversham, and was buried in the Temple Church in London [where his effigy may still be seen.]
1220, Isabel died.
(S) The Barons’ War: Including the Battles of Lewes and Evesham, Blaauw, 1871. (S) William’s deeds are described in “History of William the Marshall” written ~1225; published by his son William. (S) Court, Household and Itinerary of Henry II, Eyton, 1878. (S) Calendar of Document Relating to Ireland, V1, 1875.
Children of William and Isabel:
1204, William 1st married Alice de Betune, d/o the Earl of Albemarle.
1215, William a Magna Carta Surety [1 of 25]. (S) Magna Carta Ancestry, P-XI.
1223, William led an army opposing the Prince of Wales, Llywelyn.
1224, William married Princess Eleanor, d/o King John.
5/1224, William sent to rule Ireland as justiciar.
4/15/1231, William, Earl of Pembroke, died; buried in Temple Church with his father [without issue]; Richard his heir.
7/1231, Richard, heir to his older brother, arrived in England.
4/16/1234, Richard, in rebellion against the king, died after being wounded in combat in Ireland; Gilbert his heir.
iii. Matilda Marshall (47279561), born 1192 in England.
Gilbert “rebelled” with his brother Richard.
1235, Gilbert married Majorie, a princess of Scotland, d/o King William of Scotland.
1236, Gilbert “dismissed” by Henry III.
6/7/1241, Gilbert died in a tournament at Ware; buried in Temple Church; Walter his heir.
Walter married Margaret, widow of John de Lacy, earl of Lincoln.
12/24/1245, Walter died at Goodrich castle.
Anselm married Maud de Bohun, d/o Humphrey.
12/22/1245, Anselm died.
1217, John defeated Prince Louis at sea.
John died unmarried.