Family histories with citations for reference and research -- Searching: I use original spellings from various sources. -- "It is a revered thing to see an ancient castle not in decay; how much more to behold an ancient family which has stood against the waves and weathers of time!" - Francis Bacon.
Saturday, October 27, 2012
G27: 121691156 Leyburn
121691156. Sir Roger de Leyburne
10/28/1216, Henry III, age 9, crowned king of England.
~1220, Roger born in England, s/o 243382312. Roger de Leyburn
& 243382313. Alianor de Thurnham.
1250, Roger’s father died.
1250’s, Roger, Steward of the Household of Prince Edward.
12/17/1251, Presentation … church of Hedecrume, … by reason of
a grant … of the said church Roger de Leyburne made to the king for the
hospital of Ospreng, … (S) CPRs.
10/20/1252, Grant to Roger de Leyburn of the king’s peace, and
protection for his men, land and possessins, and mandate to all not to molest
him on account of the death of Arnulf de Munteny, lately killed by accident at
a round table. (S) CPRs. [Roger pardoned for killing a Norman knight at a
tournament in Saffron Walden, co. Essex.]
7/22/1253, Grant, for life, to Roger de Leyburn of 40 marks a
to maintain him in the king’s service. (S) CPRs.
8/6/1253, Roger with King Henry as he left for Gascony from
Portsmouth with 300 ships to suppress a rebellion.
2/18/1254, at Bazas, France [east of Bordeaux], Charter
granting to Roger de Leyburn, for his homage and service, all the land, … which
Roger Cauvell held in Renham, co. Kent, … to hold to him and his heirs … (S)
CPRs. [Roger also pardoned for 300 marks for the prest of his father Roger de
3/19/1254, Henry’s army in camp at Meilhan, France [south of
Bordeaux, near the Spanish border].
8/12/1254, Henry’s retinue in camp at Bordeaux, France.
11/20/1254, Henry’s retinue in camp at Orleans, France.
1/1255, King Henry returned to England.
4/22/1255, Roger de Leyburn has a charter renewed under the
great seal of the lands late of Roger Cannel in Kent … formerly given to the
said Roger de Leyburne in Gascony … (S) CChRs.
1256, Liberate to Roger de Leyburn, after payments as
above, 20 marks for the same term of his yearly fee of 40 marks. (S) Cal. of
the Liberate Rolls.
2/26/1257, Charter, whereby Henry son of Robert le Gras
quit-claimed to Sir William de Valencia, earl of Pembroke … Witnesses, Guy de
Rupe Forti, Roger de Leyburn, … (S) CChRs.
6/1258, King Henry signed the Provisions of Oxford. These
limitations by parliament [led by Simon de Montfort, Earl of Leicester] granted
money to Henry in exchange for administrative reform. A “Council of 15” was
formed to enforce the reforms. Sir Roger de Leybourne was a supporter of the
Provisions. (S) Memories of Malling, Fielding, 1893, P25.
1259, Marcher lords Roger Clifford, Hamo Lestrange and John de
Vaux were members of Lord Edward’s entourage [the “bachelors of England”
including Henry of Almain, John de Warren and Roger de Leyburn], and distrusted
and disliked by the Queen, when Edward made an agreement with Simon de Montfort
pledging to the furtherance of reform. (S) Eleanor of Provence, Howell, 2001,
10/26/1259, “Edward, son of the king. … Witnesses: Lords Roger
de Mont Alto, seneschal of Chester, …, Roger de Leyburn, …, Roger de Clifford, …,
William la Zusche.” (S) UKNA.
5/13/1260 at Mortlake, Simon de Monte Forti, earl of Leicester,
John, earl of Warren, Roger de Leyburn, Peter de Monte Forti, Roger de
Clifford, and Hamo Lestraunge witnessed a charter of Edward, the king’s eldest
son, to Robert de Tybetoto for his homage and service. (S) CChRs, 1906, P147.
6/13/1261, Ratification of a sale by Erard de Valery of the
wardship of the manor fo Derteford and Wymering, late of William de Fortibus, …
to Roger de Leyburn and Nicholas de Leukenor. (S) CPRs.
Roger married Eleanor de Ferrers, widow of Roger de Quincy, d/o
William de Ferrers & Sybilla Marshall.
3/1262, King Henry repudiated the Provisions of Oxford.
1262, King Henry rescinded the grant of a manor to Roger de Leyburn
in Kent. (S) 13th Century England, Coss, 1995, P95. [Associated with
the King Henry’s disagreement with his son Edward.]
1262, Agreement (marriage of Julian/Julien, daughter of Joan
de Abervile, and Will, son of Roger Lieburne): Sire Nicole de Criel and Sire
Roger de Leyburne; Location: Canterbury etc. Kent.
4/12/1263, Simon de Montfort returned to England to lead a
rebellion of mostly young barons.
8/18/1263, Roger de Leyburn, John de Vaux, Ralph Basset, Hamo
Lestrange and John Giffard issued letters patent giving their full support to
Lord Edward. (S) Edward I, Prestwich, 1988, P41.
9/18/1263, Pardon to Roger de Clifford, Roger de Leyburn, John
de Vallibus, Hamo Lestrange, John Giffard and Ralph Basset of Dreyton of all
trespasses … reason of non-observance of the Provisions of Oxford … (S) CPRs.
1/20/1264, Hugh le Bygod and Robert Aguyllun will procure that
Roger de Clyfford, Roger de Leyburn, John de Vallibus, Ralph Basset of Drayton,
John Gyffard, Hamo Lestraunge, … William de Huntingefeld, … who are blamed for
injuries by B. archbishop of Canterbury shall make competent amends … the king
and the said Hugh and Robert have appended their seals to this. (S) CPRs.
Aft. 1/23/1264, when King Louis IX of France found in
arbritration for King Henry, Roger de Leybourne defected from the revolting
1264, Roger’s wife Eleanor, and other royalist barons’ wives,
captured at Gloucester by the rebels.
3/6/1264, Roger arrived a Rochester castle to prepare for a
siege. He had come from the king at Windsor. Roger began provisioning Rochester
castle with carcases of oxen, sheep and bacons, with fish and wine, which he
stored in the castle keep. Roger also paid for a messenger to “enquire about
4/14/1264, Roger de Leyburn visited at Rochester castle by the
Earl Warren and William de Breuse. [With other knights as 24 sextaries of wine
and of cider were consumed, and 164 horses were fed within the castle.]
4/15/1264, The rebel barons laid siege to the castle.
4/18/1264, King Henry and Prince Edward broke Montfort and
Gilbert de Clare’s siege of Rochester castle.
4/20/1264, Roger arranged to buy 1400 eggs for the castle from
4/29/1264, Roger de Leyburne and the Earl Warrren left the
castle with a large contingent of forces to join the king’s army.
5/13/1264, Roger de Leybourne took part in the negotiations the
day before the battle of Lewes.
5/14/1264, Roger supporting King Henry when the King and his
son were captured at the battle of Lewes. An estimated 2700 died. Simon de
Montfort became the effective ruler of England.
1264, On the return from the battle to Kent, Rochester castle
was turn over to Simon de Montfort. Roger’s losses for provisions and horses
came to 600£.
7/7/1264, Safe conduct … for … Roger de Mortuo Mari, … Roger de
Leiburn, Roger de Clifford, Warin de Bassinburn, …, and other knights …
together with their household, horses and good which they bring with them. (S)
Bef. 5/28/1265, Roger was able to visit the King at Pershore,
and Lord Edward at Kenilworth. [The date Lord Edward escaped captivity.]
8/4/1265, Lord Edward defeated and killed Simon de Montfort at
the battle of Evesham; ending the barons’ revolt. Roger de Leybourne rescued
King Henry III during the battle.
8/24/1265, Lord Edward sent Roger de Leybourne and Nicholas de
Leukenor to the Cinque Ports to establish precautionary measures against
foreigners entering the kingdom.
9/28/1265, Roger, having secured the Tower, escorted the 40
leaders of London to Windsor to surrender the city to King Henry III. (S)
Chronicles of the Age of Chivalry, 2000, P98. [Roger maintained the Tower for 3
months, expensing the king 40s a day.] [After Roger completed his post-Evesham
duties for the king, the king acknowledged owing Roger 3094£ 10s 1.5d for
1/5/1266, Roger sent by the king to the Cinque Ports with
horses and arms to repress the malice of the sailors. [Roger was involved in
this activity for 43 days, expensing 124£ 12s 8d.]
1/16/1266, Roger de Leyburn attacked and captured the city of
Sandwich; losing horses valued at 200£. Roger left his son William and and
Simon de Creye in charge of Sandwich. From Sandwich Roger went to Hastings to
muniton the castle, then to Winchilsea to drive out the disaffected [which took
2/1266, Remission, at the instance of Roger de Clifford and
Roger de Leyburn, to Isabel and Iseult daughters and heirs of Robert de Veteri
Ponte, who held in chief, of the trespasses of said Robert in adhering to Simon
de Monte Forti … they shall not be molested as regards the lands of their
father … (S) CPRs.
5/6/1266, Roger began an assault on rebels still holding out in
Essex with 34 knights, 7 men at arms, 7 of the king’s valets, 7 of the king’s
balistarri, and some Welshmen and trackers, and 500 archers of the Weald.
5/15/1266, Roger’s forces engaged and captured the Earl of
Ferrers at the battle of Chesterfield. [The last engagement with rebel forces.]
1266, Roger given the 13 manors of Henry fitz Aucher, and the
house of Peter de Montfort in Westminster.
1/7/1267–3/25/1268, Roger de Leybourne holding Rochester castle
[as well as Nottingham and Carlisle]; expenses include William de Leybourne
going by the king’s command from Oxford to Nottingham with 8 knights and 30
‘servientes ad arma’, and 64 horses, to receive the said castle for Sir
Reginald de Grey, and the said William and his household stayed 4 days, and
returned to Oxford with 6 knights.
3/20/1267, Whereas the king lately granted to Roger de Clifford
and Roger de Leyburn the wardship … of Robert de Veteri Ponte, with the
marriage of the heirs, and Idonia one of the daughters and heirs by licence of
the king married Roger son of Roger de Leyburn, … (S) CPRs.
4/1267, Roger moving from Canterbury to Huntingdon to pursue
Sir John de Eyvill.
1267, Roger crossed the Channel and stayed at Calais and
Witsand with the Earls of St. Paul [the king’s son-in-law] and Boulogne for 10
days. [He was overseas a total of 26 days.]
3/9/1268, Pardon to Roger de Leyburn and those of his household
and fellowship of all trespasses committed by them by occasion of the
non-observance of the Provisions of Oxford, … (S) CPRs.
1268, The lands of Roger de Veteri Ponte were divided by
convenant between Sirs Roger de Clifford and Roger de Leyburn, guardians of the
lands, … to Roger de Clifford … castles of Appelby and Bruham … to Roger de
Leyburn … castles of Brough and Marlestang … county Westmerland … (S) CPRs.
12/1/1269, Grant to Roger de Leyburn of 1000£ out of the money
due at Christmas from Llewelin. (S) CPRs.
7/10/1270, … Protection with clause volumus, for four years
from Easter, for Robert de Ufford, crusader, who is going with the King and
with Edward the king’s son to the Holy land. The like for the following
crusaders … Roger de Leyburn … (S) FRsHIII.
8/1270, Roger left on the 8th crusade with Lord
11/10/1270, Roger, with Lord Edward, arrived in Tunis.
7/4/1271, James de Audley, justiciary of Ireland, … inspected
letters of the Lord Edward … regarding … Roger de Leyburne, Alienor his wife,
Hugh de Mortimer, and Agatha his wife, and their co-parceners of the county of
Kildare, … (S) Cal. Of Documents Relating to Ireland, 1877, P154.
1271, Roger, of Kent, died on crusade.
(S) History and Description of Leeds Castle, Martin, 1869,
P103. (S) Memories of Malling, Fielding, 1893. (S) The Archaeological Journal,
V21, 1864, P29ff.
·Bef. 8/27/1311 in London, Katherine d/o William
de Leyburne, deceased, confrmed a grant in fee of all the lands at Sainte
Croix-du-Monte in Gascony, granted to Roger de Leyburne her grandfather … was
bequeathed to her by her father. (S) CPRs, 8/27/1311.
Children of Roger and ?:
i. William de Leyburne (60845578), born ~1240 in England. [Heir]
ii. Sir Roger de Leyburne, born ? in England.
Roger married Idoine de Vipont, d/o Robert de Veteri Ponte.
1/10/1271, at Westminster, Roger de Leybourne as witness to a
royal charter. (S) Royal Charter Witness Lists, 2001, P189.
6/5/1281, Commission to Geoffrey de Nevill, … to make a
perambulation of the bounds … between the land of John de Britannia, earl of
Richmond in Richmond, in the county of York and the land of Roger de Clifford
and Isabella his wife, Roger de Leiburn and Idonai his wife in Brough, co.
Westmoreland, … (S) CPRs.
6/28/1283, Roger Leyburn summoned to Shrewsbury by writ from
Rhuddlan to the king to hold a colloquium to ordain what should be done with
David, brother of Llewellyn, formerly prince of Wales. (S) The Titular Barony
of Clavering, 1891, P16.