189110312. Emperor Alfonso VII of Spain & 189110313. Berenguela of Barcelona & 189110291. Richeza of Poland
Sunday, December 30, 2012
189110312. Emperor Alfonso VII of Spain & 189110313. Berenguela of Barcelona & 189110291. Richeza of Poland
3/1/1105, Alfonso Raimundez born in Spain, d/o 378220624. Count Raymond of Galicia & 378220625. Urraca of Castile.
1107, Alfonso’s father died.
12/1107 at Leon, Alfonso VI [maternal grandfather of Alfonso] called a council of Galician magnates to review his succession in Galacia. Since Count Raymond had died, Alfonso wanted his son Sancho to succeed rather than the son of his daughter Urraca; who could rule as regent unless she remarried. [At the council Guy of Burgundy and Diego Gelmirez named as Urraca’s son’s guardians.]
5/1108, Alfonso VI’s son Sancho died in battle leaving Urraca, mother of Alfonso, as the heir.
7/1/1109, Alfonso’s maternal grandfather died; Alfonso’s mother Uracca succeeding to Leon.
12/1109, Alfonso’s mother married Alfonso I of Aragon, who seized most of her lands causing a civil war. [Many wanted her to marry Count Gomez Gonzalez.]
1111, Pedro Arias lead a Galacian effort to crown Alfonso I of Aragon. His family came under siege at Costrelo do Mino. Bishop Diego Gelmirez effected a comprise between the factions.
9/17/1111, Alfonso became King of Galicia in the cathedral of Santiago de Compostela. (S) Chronicle of San Juan de la Pena, Nelson, 1991, P114.
1112, Proclaimed: ALFONSO VII el Emperador King of Castile, León and Toledo. (S) FMG.
6/1113 at Burgos, A sermon by Diego Gelmirez, archbishop of Compostela, recalled the glories of Spain under Alfonso VI; and said that since his death, under Queen Urraca and her son ecclesiastical rights had been violated, magnates of Spain reduced to impotence … the rest of Spain dominated by a few.
1114, Alfonso’s step-father accepted a papal nullification of his marriage to his mother Urraca.
12/25/1115, Alfonso with his mother at her Christmas court at Leon.
1116, Urraca toured her territories with her son Alfonso; proclaiming Alfonsa as her co-ruler.
1116, Berenguela born in Barcelona, d/o §Ramon Berenguer III & Dolça de Gévaudaun. [Berenguela sister of Count Ramon Berenguer IV of Barcelona.]
11/27/1116, ‘Hildefonsus Raymundi … rex’ donated property to the abbey of Silos. (S) FMG.
1117, By the truce of the Council of Burgos, war between Castile and Aragon ended. Urraca granted her son Alfonso Toledo and the trans-Duero.
12/9/1117, Alfonso 1st styled himself ‘imperator.’ (S) FMG.
1/24/1118, Pope Gelasius II succeeded Paschal II.
11/20/1118, Alfonso issued a charter to the Cathedral of Toledo.
2/1/1119, Pope Calixtus II succeeded Gelasius II. [Calixtus the brother (Guy) of Raymond of Galicia and paternal uncle of Alfonso.]
3/26/1119, ‘Urracha … Ispanie regina, regis Aldefonsi regineque Constantie filia’ donated property to the abbey of Silos … confirmed by ‘Adefonsus rex, filius … regine’. (S) FMG.
3/20/1120, Pope Calixtus wrote a letter to the bishops, princes, counts, and knights of Spain in support of the rule of Alfonso, and against his mother Urraca.
1120, Urraca arrested Archbishop Gelmirez, but released him when riots forced her to take refuge in the cathedral. [Alfonso appealed to the Pope to not have her excommunicated.]
9/1/1121, Alfonso issued a charter to the monastery of San Pedro de las Duenas.
12/1121, Alfonso, at the urging of Pope Calixtus, mustered forces against his mother, who had imprisoned Archbishop Gelmirez. Queen Urraca ceded to the Pope’s demands.
3/22/1122, Alfonso issued a charter to the monasterio of San Martin de Pinario.
11/29/1123, Alfonso issued a charter to the Cathedral of Toledo.
3/16/1124, Archbishop Gelmirez called a council to announce his selection as a papal legate. Alfonso was in attendance.
4/8/1124, Alfonso VI issued a confirmation charter to the monastery of San Payo de Antealtares. [Comfirmation of Alfonso VI’s grant in 1098.]
5/25/1124, Alfonso knighted as a Christian warrior by Archbishop Gelmirez at Santiago de Compostela. (S) Birth of the Chess Queen, Yalom, 2005, P51.
12/21/1124, Pope Honorius II succeeded Calixtus II.
4/2/1125, On the death of Archbishop Bernard of Toledo, Alfonso and Queen Urraca wrote to Archbishop Gelmirez to warn him against taking advantage of Bernard’s death.
9/11/1125, Alfonso issued a charter to the monastery of San Pedro de las Duenas.
3/10/1126, Alfonso’s mother died; Alfonso formally crowned in Leon as Emperor of Aragon and Pamplona [Navarre] by the court of Barcelona.
3/11/1126, Alfonso arrived at Leon to find that the city was refusing to recognize him; preferring rule by brothers Count Pedro of Lara and Count Rodrigo Gonzalez. Alfonso stormed the fortress of the city, but the brothers escaped.
4/1/1126, Alfonso comfirmed his mother’s grant to the monastery of Silos the previous year.
1127, Alfonso married Berenguela.
7/1127, Alfonso and his army intercepted Aragonese forces on their way to Castrojeriz. Count Pedro of Lara initiated an agreement of terms for Alfonso, avoiding a battle.
1127, Alfonso’s claims recognized by his step-father.
1/5/1128 at Tardajos, Charter of Alfonso VII and Berengaria to the Cathedral of Leon.
5/22/1128 at Maqueda, Charter of Alfonso VII and Berengaria to the Cathedral chapter of Toledo.
1129, Alfonso lands on the frontier again under attack by Alfonso the Battler of Aragon. [The Lara family did not support Alfonso’s defense of the lands.]
1130, Alfonso imprisoned Count Pedro of Lara [and Pedro’s son-in-law] because they were ‘disturbing the kingdom.’
By 1131, Alfonso had regained most of the territories lost to Aragon.
9/7/1132 at Oviedo, Charter of ‘Aldefonsus Hyspanie imperator … cum uxore mea regina Berengaria et Santia mea germana’ to the Cathedral of Zamora.
9/18/1133, Charter of Alfonso VII and Berengaria to the Cathedral of Orense.
1134, Alfonso became King of Zaragoza.
9/7/1134, Alfonso’s step-father died without descendents; Alfonso accepted the throne of Aragon while the Count of Mozon accepted Navarre. The barons of Aragon chose instead the brother of Alfonso I, which caused Alfonso to occupy La Rioja and conquer Zaragoza. [Alfonso did received the homage of Garcia Ramirez and his brother Ramiro of Navarre.]
5/26/1135 at the church of Santa Maria in Leon, Alfonso crowned Emperor of all of Spain. [In actuality, control much of his eastern territory had been lost during the reign of his mother as regent.] (S) Alfonso 10, The Learned, Marta-Nez, 2010, P123. [Alfonso awarded Garces Ramior the village of Varea for holding his shield during the coronation. Garcia’s daughter Blanca would marry Alfonso’s eldest son.]
5/20/1135 in Najera, Charter of Alfonso VII and Berengaria to Fortun Garcia.
1136, Alfonso captured Aragon’s capital of Zaragoza; putting monk Ramiro II as ruler. [In 1150, Ramiro’s daughter married Count Ramon Berenguer IV of Barcelona who became ruler.]
7/17/1137 at Compostela, Charter of Alfonso VII and Berengaria to Cathedral of Santiago.
~1138, Richeza born in Poland, d/o §King Wladyslaw II the Exile & Anges of Babengerg.
12/11/1138 at Compostela, Charter of Alfonso VII and Berengaria to monastery of Tojos Outos.
1139, Alfonso could not prevent the creation of Portugal as an independent kingdom.
1140, Alfonso allied with Garcia Ramirez to partition Navarre. Alfonso invaded Navarre, and his ally Garcia invaded Aragon. (S) Spain and Portugal, Williams, 1908, P616.
1140, Alfonso granted lands for the first Cistercian monastery, at Fitero. (S) History of the Church in the Middle Ages, Logan, 2012, P252.
9/24/1141 at Compostela, Charter of Alfonso VII and Berengaria to monastery of San Payo de Antealtares.
7/29/1142 at Burgos, Charter of ‘Adefonsus Hispanie imperator … cum uxore mea Berengaria’
8/1142, ‘Adefonsus Hispanie imperator … cum uxore mea Berengaria’ confirmed a donation to the Cathedral of Coria.
1143, Alfonso Henriques, King of Portugal, recognized as a vassal of Alfonso VII.
10/29/1143, ‘Adefonsus Hispanie imperator … cum uxore mea Berengaria’ donated ‘ecclesiam sancti Vincentii de Salamantica’ to Cluny. (S) FMG.
4/25/1144 at Salamanca, Charter of Alfonso VII, Berengaria, and son Sancho to the Cathedral Salmanca.
1144, Alfonso captured Cordoba from the Muslims [but lost it soon afterwards].
1145, Alfonso granted the Charter of Oviedo: in Toledo, no Jewish convert, or any offspring of such convert, might at any time have the right to public office in Toledo and its territory. (S) The Civil Law in Spain, Walton, P9. [This is the oldest known authentic official document written in Spanish.]
5/1146, Alfonso captured Cordorba. [The invasion of southern Spain by the Almohads would keep Alfonso in military conflicts his whole career.]
1/1147, Alfonso captured Calatrava, a key fortress linking Toledo and Andalusia.
1147, Alfonso, with the help of English, French, German, and Flemish crusaders, captured Santarem and Lisbon.
10/1147, Alfonso captured Almeria from the Moors, a rich port city. [Lost again in 1157].
11/1147, Alfonso awared Garcia Perez, a Leonese, two villages in Tierra de Campos for his conquest of Baiza and Almeria. (S) Aristocracy in 12th Century Leon and Castile, Barton, 2002, P106.
1148, Alfonso’s crusade against Jaen failed.
1148, Alfonso captured Tortosa. (S) FMG.
12/15/1149, Charter of Alfonso VII and Sancho, king, to the inhabitants of Toledo.
Aft. 1149, Berengaria died.
1150, Alfonso’s crusade against Cordoba failed.
1/1151, Alfonso VII and Ramon Berenguer IV by the Treaty of Tudejen partioned the conquering of the kingdom of Navarre. (S) Spain, 1157-1300, Linehan, 2011.
1151, Alfonso sent emissaries to Germany to arrange for a marriage. [Richeza was a prime candidate as the neice of King Conrad III.]
1152, Alfonso’s crusade against Gaudix failed.
Bef. 11/25/1152, Alfonso married Richeza.
10/12/1153 at Sahagun, Alfonso VII, Rica, and Sancho and Fernando, sons, issued a charter to the monastery of Sahagun.
10/1154, Because of rumors that Constance was not legitimate, King Louis VII traveled to Castile under the pretext of a pilgrimage to Saint Jacques, Gallicia. Alfonso met Louis at Burgos and established the legitimacy of his daughter.(S) The Capetians, Bradbury, 2007, P165.
1/28/1155, ‘Adefonsus Imperator Hispaniæ . ..cum uxore mea Imperatrice Domina Rica et cum filiis meis Sancio et Ferrando Regibus’ donated property to the bishop of Segovia. (S) FMG.
1155, Alfonso confirmed the Charter of Aviles.
12/28/1155 at Palencia, Alfonso VII, Rica, and Sancho and Fernando, kings, issued a charter to the monastery of Stant Maria de Varzana.
6/1156, Alfonso became severly ill. (S) Social Origins of Medieval Institutions, O’Callaghan, 1998, P100.
1156, Alfonso VII, Rica, and Sancho and Fernando, kings, issued a charter to Pedro Garcia, alcalde de Baeza.
1157, Alfonso captured Jaen. (S) FMG.
8/21/1157, Alfonso VII, Emperor of all of Spain, died while returning from an expedition against Almeria.
1159, Richeza moved to the kingdom of Aragon.
1161, Richeza married Count Ramon Berenguer II of Provence, g/so Ramon Berenguer III & Dolça de Gévaudaun.
1166, Count Ramon Berenguer II died at the siege of Nice.
By 1167, Richeza married Albert III of Everstein and moved to Germany.
1185, Richeza died.
(S) The Kingdom of Leon-Castilla Under King Alfonso VII, Reilly, 1998. (S) Crisis of the 12th Century, Bisson, 2009. (S) History of Medieval Spain, O’Callaghan, 1975. (S) The Lara Family, Doubleday, 2001. (S) Calixtus II, Stroll, 2004.
Children of Alfonso and Berenguela:
Saturday, December 29, 2012
189110276. Duke Guillaume IX, the Troubador & 189110277. Countess Philippa of Toulouse
10/22/1071, Guillaume born in Aquitaine, France, s/o §Guillaume VIII of Aquitaine & Audearde of Burgundy [Guillaume’s 3rd wife.]
Philippa born in Toulouse, d/o §William IV of Toulouse.
Philippa 1st married Sancho Ramirez I, King of Aragon [3rd wife, no children.].
1086, Guillaume’s father died.
1087, Guillaume 1st married Ermengarde, d/o 378220544. Fulk IV of Anjou. [No children. Guillaume’s father made a trip to Rome to receival papal approval of the marriage and birth due to consanguinity of his parents.]
1088, Guillaume succeeded his father.
1089, Legate Amatus held a council in Bordeaux in which he obtained his own election to the archbishopric of the city, against the will of Duke William. (S) France in the Making, Dunbabin, 2000, P159.
1091, Guillaume’s marriage to Ermengarde dissolved.
6/4/1094, Philippa’s husband died [at the battle of Huesca.]
1094, Guillaume married Philippa.
12/25/1095, Pope Urban II spent Christmas at Guillaume’s court, when the Pope urged Guillaume to take up the cross of a crusader. (S) Medieval France, Kibler, 1995, P56.
1096, Pope Urban II threatened Duke William with the interdiction of all his lands if he did not force his vassal, Eble, to restore the Island of Oleron to the monastery of the Trinity of Vendome. (S) Cultures of Power, Bisson, 1995, P273.
1098, Guillaume, with the support of its Bishop, captured Toulouse. [Philippa’s uncle was away on crusade.]
1098, A charter of St. Sernin de Toulouse: William of Acquitaine, count of Poitiers and ‘Pictavensis et Tolose … nomine Philippa … filia W. comitis’. (S) England and Her Neighbors, Jones, 2003, P36.
1100, William Rufus, king of England, in negotiations with Duke William about conquering France. (S) History of the Norman Conquest of England, V5, Freeman, 1876, P-XI. [The 2 Williams were 3rd cousins.]
8/2/1100, Henry I crowned King of England.
10/1100, William of Aquitaine, an ally of excommunicated King Philip of France, took the cross at Limoges.
1101, Fontevraud abbey founded.
3/1101, Guillaume a leader of the crusade to the holy land. [William would meet up with Welf of Bavaria who left a month later.]
6/1101, William of Aqutaine and Welf of Bavaria reached Constantinople.
7/1101, William of Aqutaine and Welf of Bavaria crossed the Bosphorus.
9/1101, Guillaume’s army defeated by the Turks at Heraclea, Guillaume barely escaping and reaching Antioch with only 6 surviving companions.
1101-2, William accompanied the prince of Antioch to Jerusalem.
1102, William was back in Poitiu.
1107, William, count of Poitou, used a seal on his documents. (S) Queens in Stone and Silver, Nolan, 2009, P79.
8/3/1108, Louis VI crowned King of France. William refused to do homage to the new king.
1108, Bertrand of Saint-Gilles took Toulouse with support of the Bishop who no longer supported William.
1113, William again attacked Toulouse when Count Bertrand was in Tripoli.
4/1112, Count Bertrand died in the Holy Lands.
1114, Guilluame excommunicated for an infringement of the Church’s tax privileges. [William imprisoned the Bishop that had excommunicated him.]
1114-15, Guillaume took up with the wife of one of his vassals, Maubergeonne de L’Isle Bouchard, mother of his son’s future wife.
1114-15, William excommunicated by Gerard, bishop of Angouleme, a papal legate, for abandoning his legitimate wife. Philippa had raised the issue at the council of Reims, declaring the woman named Malberge, wife of viscount Chatellerault, had replaced her in his bed. (S) Crime and Punishment, Classen, 2012, P50. [This negated William’s claim to Toulouse.]
1116, Philippa retired to the abbey of Fontrevault [also the home of Guillaume’s 1st wife].
11/28/1118, Philippa died at the abbey. Ermengarde, upon the death of Philippa, left Fontevrault for the Poitevin court, demanding to be reinstated as the Duchess of Aquitaine.
1119, William, during and illness, composed his lament ‘Pos de chantar me’es pres talenz.’ (S) Eleanor of Aquitaine, Courtly Love, … Swabey, 2004, P115.
10/1119, Ermengarde appeared at the Council of Reims being held by Pope Calixtus II and demanded that the Pope excommunicate William, oust his mistress from the ducal palace, and restore herself to her rightful place [denied.]
5/1120, William began a crusade against the North African Almoravids in Spain with the King of Aragon.
1120-23, Guillaume with Castile and Leon tried to take Cordoba, Spain.
1121, Guillaume arranged for his son and heir to marry a daughter of his mistress.
1123, Guillaume lost control of Toulouse to Count Raymond of Toulouse.
1124, Guillaume supported King Louis VI of France against the invasion of the Lorraine by German Emperor Henry V.
1125, Guillaume invaded Spain, reaching Grenada.
2/10/1126, Guillaume, count of Poitiers and duke of Aquitaine, died of an illness.
(S) Routledge Companion to Medieval Warfare, Bradbury, 2004, P104. (S) 1st Crusade, Riley-Smith, 2009, P162. (S) Nelson’s Encyclopaedia, V10, 1907, P526. (S) Heresy in Medieval France, Taylor, 2005, P41.
· Guillaume had his mistress’s portrait painted on his shield. (S) She-Wolves, Castor, 2011, P136.
· During William’s reign, Poitiers, the capital of the duchy, became one of the leading towns in western Europe.
· Guillaume was the first known troubadour, or lyric poet, employing the Romance vernacular called Provençal or Occitan. 11 of his songs survive, printed in Mahn’s ‘Die Werke der Troubadours’, 1846. 13th Century anonymous writer: The Count of Poitiers was one of the most courtly men in the world and one of the greatest deceivers of women. He was a fine knight at arms, liberal in his womanizing, and a fine composer and singer of songs. He travelled much through the world, seducing women.
· Guillaume had a sister Inez who married Alfonso VI of Castile and Leon in 1074; but was repudiated in 1077.
· 1064, Guillaume VIII of Aquitaine and Robert Crespin of Normandy joined forces with Ermegol III of Urgell to conquer Barbastro. (S) Possessing the Land, Stalls, 1995, P20.
Children of Guilaume and Philippa:
i. Guillaume X (94555138) born 1099 in France.
ii. Raymond of Antioch, born ? in France.
By 1148, Raymond the ruler of Antioch.
Child of Guilaume and Maubergeonne:
i. Agnes of Aquitaine (378220579) born ~1114 in France.
Tuesday, December 25, 2012
188998248. Hugh de Lusignan & 188998249. Orengarde ?
8/1/1137, Louis VII succeeded as king of France.
~1140, Hugh « the Brown » born in Lusignan, France; s/o 377996496. Hugh VIII de Lusignan & 377996497. Burgundia de Racon.
12/19/1154, Henry II crowned king of England.
8/1164, Hugh’s father, Hugh VIII, died on crusade; Hugh became lord of Lusignan.
1165-69, Hugh, son of Burgundia, made a grant to the abbey of Absie.
1168, Nearly all the land south of the Loire had broken into open rebellion under the counts of Angouleme and La Marche, the Lusignan family, and Hugh and Robert of Silly. King mounted an attack on the fortresses of Lusignan, capturing the castle and razing its walls. [The Lusignan family leaders escaped.] (S) Eleanor of Aquitaine, Meade, 1991.
Bef. 1169, Hugh le Brun, lord of Lusignan, frees the monks [of the abbey of Becheron] from paying tolls in his lands; witnessed by his brother Geoffrey and his mother Lady Burgundia, and [uncles] Simon Brunus, Rorgo, and Galeran.
3/15/1169, Hugh died.
(S) The Houses of Lusignan and Chatellerault, Medieval Academy of America, Painter, 1955.
· [Likely] a sister of Hugh and Ralph married Hugh de Surgeres, Viscount of Chatellerault.
Children of Hugh and Orengarde:
i. Hugh IX de Lusignan (94499124), born 1163 in Lusignan, France.
ii. Ralph d’Exoudun (94559170), born ~1165 in Lusignan, France.
Saturday, December 22, 2012
162553856. Sir Baldwin Malet & 162553857. Emma Neville
~1135, Baldwin born in Curry Mallet, Somerset, England, s/o 325107712. Baldwin Malet & 325107713. Avice ?.
~1135, Emma Neville born in England, d/o §Hugh de Neville.
12/22/1135, Stephen crowned king of England.
~1147 Baldwin married Emma.
1150-1155, Baldwin’s father died.
12/19/1154, Henry II crowned king of England.
2/28/1155, Sir Richard Carpenter, priest, instituted as rector of the parish church of Enemere at the presentation of Avice late the wife of Baldwin Malet, knight, lady of Enemere. (S) Register of Nicholas Bubwith, Bishop of Bath and Wells, V2, 1914, P428.
1156, Baldwin returned fees on property.
1166, “Baldwinus Malet 2 milites et 3m partem … ” from Willelmi Malech in Somerset. (S) FMG.
1166, Baldwin was the “terre tenant” of Enmore manor. [This appears to be the time of the split of the Malet families between Enmore and Currey-Malet.]
1169-70, Baldwin in the Somerset in connection with a lawsuit. (S) Genealogists’ Magazine, V8, 1939, P318.
9/3/1189, Richard I crowned king of England.
1191–1197 Baldwin died in Enmore.
(S) Notices of an English Branch of the Malet Family, Arthur Malet, 1885, PP27-28, App. D1-D2. (S) A History of the County of Somerset, V6, 1992.
· Baldwin Malet [the father], s/o 325107712. Robert Malet.
· Emma was a step d/o Hugh Fichet & Basilea ?. G.E.G. Malet, writing in 1938-9 in “The Genealogist” magazine, argues that the Latin terms used in a deed of land in which Baldwin describes Hugh Fichet as his father and Basilea as his mother could equally be interpreted as meaning “Father-In-Law” and “Mother-In-Law. Emma, heiress to the Enmore Estates [which is in conflict with the 1155 record of Avice], held by her mother Basilea in her own right. (S) Sir A.M.'s MSS., Vol. II, P45. [The other theory that Hugh Fichet was really a Malet that changed his name while hiding from the King is more interesting, but much less likely to be true.]
· After the first deed Baldwin adopted the seal which was affixed to a 2nd existing deed, which must have been executed at a later period. The seal to this deed is very large; on the one side a man, armed with sword and shield, on foot, armored head to foot, with his sword in this right hand, striking at a lion leaping upon him; on the other, two men in gowns talking together, the one having a crown on his head. The circumscription, “Sigillum Baldwini Malet”. The explanation of this seal is that it symbolised the rebellion of William Malet [his ancestor] on the one side, and the reconciliation of the King to Baldwin Malet on the other. (S) Sir A. M.'s MSS., Vol. I, Sup. 1, P3.
Child of William and Emma:
Friday, December 21, 2012
159918656. Otes Fitz Otes
~1060, Otes born in France, s/o §Otes Aurifaber [the Goldsmith].
10/14/1066, William the Conqueror defeated and killed King Harold at the Battle of Hastings.
9/26/1087, William Rufus crowned King of England.
8/2/1100, Henry I crowned King of England.
1101, Otes succeeded his father in the office of the royal mint as king’s goldsmith.
1108, The king granted Otes the lands of Benfleet with Childerditch in Essex.
Bef. 1116, Otes Fitz Otes, of Benfleet, Childerditch, and Lisson Green died.
(S) Descent from a Domesday Goldsmith, Craig, 1990.
· Otes Aurifaber married 1st Leofgifu.
· Otes Aurifaber married 2nd Edeva.
· Otto employed to make the Conqueror’s monument in the church of St. Stephen's, Caen; and “a mass of gold and silver and precious stones” was handed over to him for the work.
· 1086, Domesday tenant; Otes held the office of the royal mint as king’s goldsmith.
· 1101, Otes of Gestingthorpe, Essex, Lisson Green (in Marylebone), Middlesex, and Hawstead, Suffolk died.
Child of Otes and ?:
i. William Fitz Otes (79959328), born ~1095 in England.
Wednesday, December 19, 2012
159917060. Ralph de Tony & 159917061. Isabel de Montfort
~1030, Ralph born in Normandy, s/o 319834120. Roger of Tosny & 319834121. Godeheut ?.
~1040, Ralph’s father died; Ralph inheriting the office of Standard-bearer of Normandy.
1050, Ralph witnessed a charter of Duke William of Normandy to the monastery of St. Evroul.
2/1054, Duke William sent Raoul de Toeni to annouce the defeat of his allies to the King of France after the battle of Mortemer. Ralph supposedly yelled from a hill “Frenchmen … be on your way, you are sleeping too much. Go and bury you friends who have died at Mortemore.” (S) The Capetians, Bradbury, 2007, P108.
~1055, Isabel, d/o 319834122. Simon de Montfort & 319834123. Isabella Bardolf.
1061, William, duke of Normandy, expelled Ralph de Toeny, Hugh de Grantesmenil and Arnould d’Echaufour from his dominions for hostile activities with Robert Curthose, brother of Duke William. [By the support of his friends, Ralph was reinstated.]
1063, On the petition of Simon de Montfort and Walerand de Breteuil, Ralph restored to favour.
1066, Ralph present at Duke William’s council of Lillebonne where the invasion of England was planned.
10/14/1066, Ralph acquitted himself of being the Standard Bearer for the battle of Hastings so that he could fight along side Duke William. (S) Battle Abbey Roll.
Aft. 1066, King William granted Ralph 37 lordships, 19 in Norfolk.
~1067, Ralph married Isabel. [Ralph obtained the right to marry Isabel by kidnapping Anges, d/o Richard, compte d’Evreux, his own half sister, and delivering her in marriage to Simon de Montfort.] Isabel brought the castle of Nogent-l’Erembert near Chartres to Robert.
1068, Ralph de Tony holding lands in Cantref Selyf, Wales. (S) Cymmrodorion Record Series, I4, Pts3-4, 1908, P537.
Bef. 1071, William fitz Osbern, earl of Hereford, placed his brother-in-law Ralph de Tosny in charge of the frontier district of Clifford-on-Wye in south Wales. (S) Age of Conquest: Wales, Davies, 2000, P82.
2/22/1071, William fitz Osbern killed at the battle of Cassel by the Count of Flanders; his son Roger succeeding.
1075, The failed rebellion of Roger, earl of Hereford, inceased Ralph’s status in the Welsh marches. [Roger was Ralph’s nephew.]
1076, Ralph de Tosny began Belvoir priory. (S) King and Lords, Fleming, 2004, P172.
1077, Ralph had some of holdings seized by King William when he supported the king’s son Robert Curthose in a conflict with his brother William Rufus. (S) General History of England, Carte, 1747, P433.
1078, Clifford castle granted to Ralph de Toeny.
1080, Ralph de Verney and Ralph de Toeni jointly held lands at Bois-Raillate. (S) Norman People, 1874, P432.
1081, Ralph de Toesny with King William at Winchester.
1085, Ralph de Tosny presented Le Bec with an important grant in Normandy [and later with a manor at East Wretham in Norfolk.] (S) England and Normandy, Bates, 1994, P139.
Bef. 1086, King William granted Ralph de Tony, son of Roger de Tony, standard-bearer of Normandy, for his eminent services, 19 lordships. (S) History and Antiquities of the City of Norwich, 1783, P8.
8/1086, Ralph de Tosny & Conches had land holdings in 7 counties [Includes Clifford castle, Dinedor, Westhide, Fransham (his residence), Westmill, and Astley]. (S) Domesday Survey.
9/9/1087, William, King of England and Duke of Normandy, died at Rouen; succeeded by his sons William Rufus in England, and Robert Curthose in Normandy.
1087, Ralph expelled the ducal garrisons from his castles in Normandy. (S) Ecclesiastical History of England and Normandy, V4, 1856, P277.
1088, Ralph supported Robert, duke of Normandy, in invading Maine.
1090-91, William, count of Evreux, [Ralph’s younger half-brother] laid siege to Conches, killing Isabel’s brother Richard de Montfort. (S) Collected Historical Works of Sir Francis Palgrave, K.H., 1921, P143.
1090-91, Ralph de Toeny switched his allegiance from Curthose to Rufus after Curthose would not help his with his conflict with Guillaume, comte de Evreux. [Isabel road around in the full armor of a knight seeking revenge.]
1091, Raoul de Conches and many other Norman barons swore allegiance to William Rufus, son of William the Conqueror.
1091, The tithe of Wmfreville-la-Mivoye … given to the Holy Trinity of Rouen, with the assent of King William and Ralph de Conches, has now been restored by Ralph de Bec, who had appropriated it. (S) Regesta Willelmi Conquistoris, 1913, P82.
1091-92, Ralph sought the help of his northern allies Stephen of Aumale and Gerard of Gournay. Ralph captured his nephew William of Breteuil, s/o his sister Adeliza. [William would have to pay a ransom of £3000-Norman, and forfeit of his inheritance to Ralph’s oldest son. This conflict lasted 3 years. The dispute was settled when William, count of Evreux named Ralph’s younger son Roger as his heir.]
1094, The tithes of Fyfield were given by Ralph de Tany to the Cluniac Abbey of Bermondsey. (S) Transactions of the Essex, V7, 1900, P184.
Bef. 1099, Ralph de Toney, Isabel his wife, and their sons Roger and Ralph founded the priory of Westacre. (S) Index Monasticus, Taylor, 1821, P27.
1099, King William II was killed while hunting. Robert Curtose and his younger brother Henry [future King Henry I] both claimed the crown of England.
9/1100, Ralph de Toesny and William of Evreux at war with Robert de Beaumont, count of Meulan, invading Mellent. (S) History of Normandy, V4, Palgrave, 1864, P700.
3/24/1102, Ralph died; buried at Belvoir.
1102, Isabel survived Ralph and took the veil of a nun at Haute Bruyere at St. Remi-l’Honore [founded by her half-sister Queen Bertrade of France.] Isabella endowed the convent with the revenues of Tosny castle of Acquigny before her death, and 100s a year after her death.
(S) Norman Frontier, Power, 2004, P295, P382. (S) Conqueror’s Son, Lack, 2007. (S) DNB, V16, 1909, P653.
Children of Ralph and Isabel:
i. Roger de Tony, born ? in Normandy.
1091-92, Roger named the heir of his cousin William of Breteuil as part of his ransom of William after being captured by Ralph’s father in battle.
5/15/1093, Roger died leaving his brother Ralph as his heir. (S) Collections for a History of Staffordshire, V1, 1898, P12.
ii. Ralph IV de Tony (79958530), born ~1078 in Normandy.
iii. Godechilde de Tony, born ? in Normandy.
Godechilde married Baldwin of Boulogne, count of Edessa.
1097, Baldwin died.
Tuesday, December 18, 2012
159916932. Richard du Hommet & 159916933. Agnes de Beaumont
~1120, Richard born in Normandy.
Agnes de Beaumont, d/o §Jordan de Say & Lucy d’Aunay. (S) Henry II, New Interpretations; Harper-Bill, 2007, P113.
1152-4, Ricardus de Humez constabularius, Richardus de Haia … witnessed the charter under which Henri Duke of Normandy notified a judgment relating to the house of the late ‘Conani thesaurarii’. (S) FMG.
1153 in Normandy, Charter of Henry duke of Normandy and count of Anjou … restores and grants in fee and inheritance to Robert son of the earl of Leicester all the land of earl Robert his father in England … Testibus : … R[icardo] de Humez; …
11/6/1153, Signed at Westminster, by the Treaty of Wallingford, Duke Henry recognized by his cousin King Stephen of England as his heir. The were 37 signers, including 12 earls and 8 barons – including Richard du Hommet. (S) King Stephen, King, 2010, P289.
10/25/1154, King Stephen died.
12/19/1154, Henry II crowned king of England. At the coronation, Richard de Humez, constable, witnessed a royal charter giving William, earl of Arundel, also earl of Sussex.
3/27/1155, Ricardo de Humez, Constabulario, attended the King’s Council at London where he signed multiple charters.
9/1155, Richard 1st appointed as sheriff of Rutland.
9/29/1155 at ‘Wintoniam’, Ricardo de Humez, constabulario, witnessed a royal charter to the priory of Longueville of the gifts of the king’s grandfather King Henry.
1155-65, Charter of Engelger de Bohon. … Testibus : Ricardo de Humez; Willelmo de Humez, …
1/1156, Richard accompanied King Henry from Dover to Normandy.
1156, Ricardo de Humez witnessed a royal charter to the archbishop of Tours and all his lieges of Touraine.
1/1157, Richard de Humez, constable, witnessed a royal charter at Falaise, Normandy.
4/1157 at Norwich, Richard de Humez witnessed a royal grant to the cathedral priory of Norwich.
9/1157, Richard was with the King at Malmesbury, Wiltshire. (S) Transactions – Shropshire, V2, 1879, P25.
1/1158 at Nottingham, Richard de Humez, constable, witnessed a royal charter to the Bishop of Lincoln.
1159, King Henry began the expedition of Toulouse, and by November was campaigning against King Louis in the Beauvais. Chancellor Becket and [Richard] De Humez, the Constable, were with the King. (S) Transactions – Shropshire, V2, 1879, P25.
5/1160 in Normandy, Richard de Humez, constable, witnessed a peace treaty between King Henry II and King Louis VII of France concerning the Norman Vexin, … and conditions for the marriage of one of Henry’s sons to one of Louis’ daughters.
12/25/1160 at Le Mans, Richard de Humez, constable, attended the Christmas court of King Henry and Queen Eleanor.
6/1162, At Chinon, Normandy, Richard de Humez with King Henry who addresses Thomas, archbishop of Canterbury, on behalf of the monks of St. Peter of Gant.
3/19/1163 at Dover, Richard pledged 100 marks for the King in an agreement with Theodorick, earl of Flanders.
1163, Richard of Hommet, a witness to the Anglo-Flemish Money Fiefs document. (S) Feudal Assessments, Keefe, 1983, P117.
3/1164, Ricardum de Humet, constable of Normandy, and the Bishop of Evreux sent on embassy to King Louis to negotiate a peace agreement.
6/22/1164, A letter from Thomas, archbishop of Canterbury, to John, a priest in Poitiers, “… As I think you know, the lord bishop of Evreux and Richard de Humez have been sent to the king of France seeking peace …” (S) Correspondence of Thomas Becket, Duggan, 2000, P107.
By 8/1164, Richard, earl of Humiers, captured Combort in Limousin after a siege.
10/1164, Back in England, Richard de Humez witnessed a royal charter at Northampton.
4/1165 at Argenten in Normandy, Richard de Humez, constable, witnessed a royal charter to the canons of St. Mary of Gouffern.
7/1166, Richard de Humez, constable, is with King Henry at the siege of Fougeres in Normandy. Raoul de Fougeres surrendered and gave King Henry hostages for his good faith.
10/21/1166, at Caen, King Henry “exhibited fury” against Richard de Humez, constable, dealing with an issue of King William of Scotland who had left Normandy to return to Scotland.
8/1167 at Rouen, Richard de Humez, constable, witnessed a royal charter to St. Mary de Pre [where King Henry’s mother Empress Matilda was domiciled.]
3/1168, King Henry at Pacy, called to the south to Poitou, left Richard de Humet, constable of Normandy, the archbishop or Rouen, and Richard de Luci, justiciary of England, to conclude peace talks with representatives of King Louis.
6/1168, King Henry attacks Dinan, St. Malo, Little Brittany and Leon.
1/1169 at Argentan, Richard de Humez, constable, witnessed a royal charter.
6/1170 at Caen, Queen Eleanor and Richard de Humez, constable of Normandy, detain Roger, bishop of Worcester from traveling to England [Roger in possession of papal letters against the coronation of Henry’s eldest son.]
6/14/1170, King Henry had his 15 year old son Henry crowned King [known as Henry the young King.]
12/1170, Richard de Humes and Saier de Quinci appointed by King Henry to arrest Thomas, archbishop of Canterbury. Richard kept surveillance of the English port to prevent Becket’s possible escape.
12/29/1170, King Henry complicit in the murder of Thomas Becket, Archbishop of Cantebury.
7/1171 at Rouen, Richard de Humez, constable of Normandy, witnessed a royal charter to the abbey of Bec Hellouin.
1171-72, at St. Lo, Normandy, Richard de Humet, constable, witnessed a royal charter to the burgesses of Dublin. (S) Strongbow’s Conquest of Ireland, Clare, 1888, P59.
4/15/1173, At the outbreak of the revolt of King Henry the young, Richard de Humez stayed loyal to the king.
12/25/1173, Richard de Hommet, constable, with King Henry at his Christmas court at Caen. King Henry II granted Sheringham to Richard de Humet, king’s constable in Normandy, as an escheat, with the lordship of Stamford, Lincolnshire.
5/31/1174, Richard de Humez, constable of the King of England, was with his 3 sons William, Enguerran, and Jordan, at Beaumont in Maine. [Richard witnessed multiple documents during this year.]
12/1/1174, Richard of Hummet, and his sons Enguerrand, Jordan and Bertram, witnessed treaties of King Henry II with the King of Scots at Falaise and Valognes, France. (S) Feudal Assessments, Keefe, 1983.
5/18/1175 at London, Richard de Humez, constable, witnessed a royal charter to Gloucester abbey. [The charters at Shrewsbury - July, and then York – August, Ludgershall - October.]
1176, Richard de Humez a trustee who accounted at the Exchequer for Mienes.
1/1177 at Caen, Richard de Humez appointed an assessor of assizes.
9/1178, Rics de Humez left his office as sheriff of Rutland and became a monk.
6/13/1180, Willielmi de Hommet Constabularii succeeded his father Richard as constable of Normandy, which his father Richard de Humez used to hold [even though his father is alive and has become a monk.]
1180, Richard died as a monk at Aulnay.
(S) Court, Household, and Itinerary of King Henry II, Eyton, 1878. (S) Cal. of Doc.’s Preserved in France, V1, 1899.
· 1130, Jordan de Sai and Lucy his wife founded the monastery of Aunay. (S) History of Staffordshire, V6, 1903, P9.
· Richard de Humez witnessed multiple charters of King Henry II most years.
· “Omnibus … presentibus et futuris Ricardus de Humet Constabularius domini Regis Angliae, salutem. Notum sit omnibus tam presentibus quam futuris me assensu Agnetis sponsae meae et Willelmi filii et heredis mei, …” (S) Archaeologia Or Miscellaneous Tracts Relating to Antiquity, V35, 1853, P494.
Children of Richard and Agnes:
i. William de Humet (79958466), born ~1138 in Normandy.
ii. Jordan de Humet (121698316), born ~1140 in Normandy.
iii. Enguerrand du Hommet, born ? in Normandy.
Enguerrand married Ceciley de Semilly.
1180-1, Enguerrand died.
Saturday, December 15, 2012
159916240. Richard Fitz Eustace & 159916241. Albreda Lisours & 121698304. William Fitz Godric
~1115, Richard born in England, s/o 319832480. Eustace Fitz John & 319832481. Agnes fitz Nigel. (S) DNB, Sir Stephen, 1889, P184.
~1125, Albreda de Lisours, heir & d/o §Robert de Lisures & Albreda de Lacy.
[–––Richard & Albreda–––]
~1135, Richard married Albreda. (S) The History of Cheshire: Containing King’s Vale-Royal Entire, King et. al., 1778, P501.
1142, William fitz-Godric escaped from Randolf, earl of Chester, to Tickhill castle. (S) Norman People, King, 1874, P244.
12/19/1154, Henry II crowned king of England.
1155, William son of §Godric of Emley, son of Ketelbern, paid 25 marks for relief of his lands. (S) English and the Normans, Thomas, 2003, P114.
1156, William de Clarafai [son of Godric] with Alicia de Tanai [1st wife], and Albreda de Lisures founded Hampole priory, York. (S) Norman People, King, 1874, P244.
7/1157, Richard the 5th Baron of Halton and Constable of Chester; his father having died at the battle of Ewloe by the Welsh.
By 1161, Richard died in Ireland. [His son John had become constable.]
1170, William in the Pipe Rolls.
1170-84, Confirmation by William son of Godric to the monks of Rievaulx of 2 acres of land in Worsborough which Robert son of William de Wirkesburg gave them.
[–––William & Albreda–––]
By 1176, Albreda married 2nd William fitz Godric, who paid 100£ “to have the mother of John the constable to wife with her lands”. [Descendents: the fitzWilliams of Yorkshire.] (S) Victoria History of the County of Lancaster, V1, 1966. [Most sources say the marriage occurred 1169-73.]
1178, William fitz Godric rendered an account of 10 marks ‘pro h’nda m’re Joh’is Cosnt’ cum terra sua’, for having taken the mother of John the Constable with her lands. (S) Sketches of Pontefract, 1873, P10.
1178, Raph de Nevill gave 100s for hastening the duel against William son of Godric. (S) History of Nottinghamshire, V1, Thoroton, 1797, P136.
1180, William son of Godric fined for having peace “de quadam lege que ei fuit adjudicata.”
1182, William son of Godric paid the last 10s. of his 1180 fine.
1184, William died. (S) Peerage and Baronetage, Burke, 1914, P791.
9/3/1189, Richard I crowned king of England.
2/12/1193, Albreda heiress to her maternal half-brother [actually cousin germain] Robert de Lascy.
4/1/1193 at Winchester, Aubreye de Lizours and Roger the Constable her grandson, the lady Aubreye quitclaims to Roger the land which was Robert de Lacy’s and the said Roger grants that the said Aubreye shall hold for life the land which was of Robert de Lizours her father [8 knights’ fees held of the honor of Tickhill], with remainder to William her son. [seal of King Richard I] (S) The Ancestor, V10, 1904, P113.
4/25/1193, Auberia denied the claim to the Lizours titles and estates of her grandson Roger, s/o John. Roger received the “de Lascy” lands and assumed that name. The remaining lands went to the children of William.
1195, Albreda gave the king a fine of 2000 marks for livery of Robert de Lacy’s honour of Clitheror, with the lands and castles, except the castle of Pontefract, which the king retained. (S) Victoria History of Lancaster, V1, Farrer, 1966, P301.
1200, Albreye and William Fitz-William her son recovered from the Hospitallers the advowson of the church of Fauford, co. Nott.
Albreda died; her son William receiving her lands.
(S) A Genealogical and Heraldic History of … Great Britain and Ireland, Burke, 1835, P238. (S) The Chartulary of St. John of Pontefract, 1899, P23. (S) History of Pontefract, Fox, 1827. (S) Transactions – Shropshire, V2, 1908, P31. (S) Early Yorkshire Charters.
· 1130, Godric son of Chetelbert, or Ketelbern (father of William son of Godric de Emley), amerced 4 marks on the occasion of the eyre of Walter Espec in Yorkshire. (S) Early Yorkshire Charters.
· 1130, Robert de Lisoriis in a record.
· 1131, Robert de Lisours, lord of Sprotborough.
· 1131, Robert de Laci settled his inheritance on his cousin germain Albreda de Lisours, the daughter of his aunt Albreda.
Children of Richard and Auberia:
i. Roger Fitz Richard (39979820), born ~1135 in England.
ii. Robert de Lacy, born ~1139 in England.
Robert “the Hospitaller”, of the Hospital of St. John of Jerusalem in England.
iii. John fitz Richard de Lacy (79958120), born ~1143 in Lincoln,
Child of William and Albreda:
i. William Fitz William (60849152), born ~1176 in England.
Thursday, December 13, 2012
159916224. Richard de Clare & 159916225. Adelize de Gernon~1094, Richard [FitzGilbert] born in Hertfordshire, England, s/o 319832448. Gilbert FitzRichard de Clare & 319832449. Adelize de Clermont.
~1097, Adelize, “Alice of Chester”, born in England, d/o 159916040. Ranulph III de Machines & 159916041. Lucy Taillebois.
8/2/1100, Henry I crowned King of England.
~1116, Richard married Adelize.
1121 at Winchester, Richard at the court of King Henry I.
1124, “Ricardus de Clara comes Hertfordiae” removed the monks from his castle at Clare into the church of St. Augustine, at Stoke, and bestowed upon them a little wood, called Stoke-Ho, with a doe every year out of his park at Hunedene. (S) Journal of the British Arch. Assoc., V26, 1870, P151.
1125, Royal Confirmation to the church of St. Gervase and St. Protase of Vire … signatories … the king and queen; … William de Aubigny, … Stephen count of Mortain, Richard fitz Gilbert, …
1130, Richard has a large debt with the Jews.
1130, Richard has a large debt with the Jews.
1131, Richard fitz-Gilbert in the return made by the sheriffs for the county of Hertford. (S) Journal of the British Arch. Assoc., V26, 1870, P151.
9/8/1131 at Northampton, King Henry again had his barons swear allegiance to his daughter Empress Matilda. Richard was present and swore allegiance.
12/22/1135, Stephen crowned king of England.
1135-36, King Stephen acknowledged Richard as earl of Hertford.
4/15/1136, Richard, earl of Hertford, and lord of Ceredigion in Wales, the most powerful magnate in Wales, slain in an ambush at Abergavenny by men of Gwent under Iorwerth ab Owain.
10/1136, The news of Richard’s death induced Owain Gwynedd to invade his lordship. In alliance with Gruffydd ap Rhys of Deheubarth he won a crushing victory over the Normans at the Battle of Crug Mawr, just outside Cardigan. The town of Cardigan was taken and burnt, and Richard’s widow, Adelize, took refuge in Cardigan Castle. She was rescued by Earl Milo Fitz Walter who led an expedition to bring her to safety in England.
(S) A History of Wales from the Earliest Times, V2, Lloyd, 1912. (S) Court Household, and Itinerary of King Henry II, Eyton, 1878. (S) Proceedings of the Battle Conference, V11, 1988, P270.
· Richard founded Tunbridge priory.
Children of Richard and Adelize:
i. Gilbert de Clare, born ? in England.
12/25/1141, Gilbert created earl of Hertford by King Stephen.
1153, Gilbert died leaving his brother Roger as the heir.
ii. Roger de Clare (79958112), born ~1122 in Tonbridge Castle, Kent, England.
Wednesday, December 12, 2012
159916060. Earl Henry of Northumberland & 159916061. Ada de Warenne
1/8/1107, David became king of Southern Scotland; Alexander I King of Northern Scotland.
1114, Henry born in Scotland, s/o 319832120. King David I of Scotland & 319832121. Matilda of Northumberland. [Henry was named after King Henry I, at whose court his father spent many years.]
~1116, Ada born in England, d/o 319832122. Earl William de Warenne & 319832123. Isabel de Vermandois.
4/27/1124, King Alexander died, David I became King of Scotland.
4/23/1126-3/4/1127, Henry a consentor to a gift of King David of lands in Lothian to St. Cuthbert.
7/17/1127-1131, Henry a consentor to renewal of gifts given by the King and his ancestors.
1134, Henry, son of David king of Scotland, by royal grant received the manor of Tottenham with the earldom of Huntingdon. (S) Critical Review, Smollett, 1799, P203.
12/22/1135, Stephen crowned king of England.
2/5/1136, King Stephen arrived at Durham with a very large army, after capturing local towns. This was to ensure King David’s allegiance against Empress Matilda’s claim to the throne of England.
2/1136, By the Treaty of Durham, Henry granted Doncaster and the lordship of Carlisle, the honour and earldom of Huntingdon, after doing homage to King Stephen at York. King Stephen released 4 of the 5 towns he had captured, including Newcastle.
3/22/1136, Henry, son of David I, at King Stephen’s court at Westminster.
4/1136 at Westminister, Earl Henry was 5th to sign King Stephen’s charter of Winchester.
1136-37, Henry a grantor of a gift of Swinton in feu.
1137, King Stephen was out of England most of the year.
12/1137, King Stephen refused the request of King David that Henry be made Earl of Northumberland.
1/1138, The Scots invaded Northumberland. King David with a large force occupied Corbridge on the Tyne. King Stephen brought a large force against King David, who then retreated. King Stephen burned a large area and then retreated south before Lent.
8/22/1138, Earl Henry fought at the Battle of the Standard on Cowton Moor near Northallerton in Yorkshire between the Scottish and the English, fighting for his father King David. He had initial success, but making a poor decision to follow a routed unit, he ended up loosing all but 19 of his 200 knights. The Scots had superior numbers, but English archers held off repeated attacks.
4/9/1139, King Stephen of England confirmed Henry as earl of Northumberland in a peace treaty with King David. [Henry had a new seal made: “SIGILLVM HENRICI COMITIS NORHVMBERLANDIE FILLII REGIS SCOCIE”.]
4/30/1139, As part of a peace treaty with King Stephen, Henry was one of 5 sons of high-ranking Scot barons sent to English court as hostages. He accompanied Queen Matilda [maternally a Scot] on her return from Durham.
5/1139, Ludlow Castle was captured [in 1138] on behalf of Empress Matilda, and King Stephen besieged the castle in an attempt to regain it. During the siege King Stephen bravely saved Prince Henry of Scotland from being captured by a grappling hook thrown from the castle. (S) The Marches of Wales, Harper, 1894, P195.
1139, Ranulf, earl of Chester, threatened peace in the north with his plot to kidnap or kill Henry on his return from King Stephen’s court. (S) Boulogne and Politics in Northern France, Tanner, 2004, P207.
4/9/1139-5/1141, Henry, son of king of Scots, has granted and restored to William son of Alfric of Corbridge, the land of his brother Richard at Dilston (Northumberland), to hold of Henry in chief.
4/9/1139-1142, Ada de Warenne, countess of Northumberland, witnessed Henry’s renewal of all lands held in Northumbria of King Henry I and King Stephen.
9/1139, King Henry I’s daughter Empress Matilda invaded England.
3/1140, Henry, son of king of Scots, to Robert Foliot, his steward, and burgesses and barons of Honour of Huntingdon; has granted to priory church of St Mary, Huntingdon, churches of St Martin and St Benedict.
1140, Ranulf, earl of chester, rose in hostility against Henry, demanding he be given back Carlisle and Cumberland. A trap was set, but King Stephen found out and helped Henry return to Scotland. (S) Scottish Annals, 1908, P216.
6/14/1140, Henry a consentor of a gift of Clerkington with other revenue by the King.
7/1/1140, Henry, son of the king of Scotland, has granted and confirmed the gift of the church of Sprouston that John, bishop of Glasgow, gave to the church of St Mary, Kelso.
2/2/1141, King Stephen captured at the battle of Lincoln by the forces of Empress Matilda. (S) English Historical Documents, Douglas, 1996, P319.
1141, Midland estates of Simon de St. Liz lost to the Scots, being held at the time by Prince Henry of Scotland. (S) Anglo-Norman Studies, 1991, P97.
1141, Henry, earl of Northumberland, “ea die qua comitatus de Norhimberland mihi datus fuit” [dating his charter by his comital year.]
11/1/1141, King Stephen exchanged by Empress Matilda for captured Robert, earl of Gloucester [her half brother].
12/25/1141, Stephen again crowned King of England.
5/1142, David, King of the Scots, and his son Henry, and Richard, abbot of Melrose, walked the bounds of an estate [on the Friday after the Acension].
1143-8/1147, Henry a consentor to the gift of lands in Roxburghshire and easements by King David.
1147, Henry a consentor to grants of various possessions to Cambuskenneth abbey.
9/1147, Henry issued a charter “postquam Ludoucius rex Francie iter Ierosolimitanum aggressus est.” [Noting the King of France.]
1147-51, Henry confirmed gifts to Newbattle and Moorfoot, as given by his father; and of land given by Robert the ironsmith.
1148, Henry’s seal is the first to depict a helmut without a “nose piece” component.
5/22/1149, at Carlisle, Henry present when his father knighted Duke Henry [future Henry II of England].
1149 at Carlisle, Henry, with his father, attempted to build an alliance to put Henry II on the throne of England. The alliance fell apart when Ranulph, who attended the meeting, switched allegiance back to King Stephen.
1150, Henry founded Holmcultram abbey in Cumberland.
12/11/1150, Earl Henry held a council at Edinburgh attended by many bishops, earls and barons. (S) Charters of David I, Barrow, 1999, P41.
11/10/1150-6/12/1152, Henry confirmed gifts made by Hugh de Moreville and Beatrice de Beauchamp.
1150-6/12/1152, King David, with the assent of Earl Henry and Queen Matilda, has granted various gifts and privileges to Dunfermline Abbey.
Bef. 6/12/1152 [date of burial], Henry, Prince of Scotland, heir to the Kingdom of Alba, Earl of Northumberland, and Earl of the Honour of Huntingdon and Northamption died. His half-brother became his heir, but died in 1153 leaving Henry’s son Malcolm as heir. Henry buried at Kelso abbey.
6/12/1152-5/24/1153, Ada made a grant in perpetual alms of a toft in Haddington to Dunfremline abbey for the benefit of her ancestors and herself.
5/24/1153, King David died; Henry’s on Malcom succeeding.
5/24/1153-4/8/1156, Ada de Warenne, countess of Northumberland, attested a gift of the church of Old Roxburgh, and the chapel of king’s castle of Roxburgh with ploughgate.
12/19/1154, Henry II succeeded King Stephen of England.
1160-62, William and his brother David, and their mother Ada, witnessed a charter of King Malcom to the abbey of Newbottle. (S) Scottish Review, V31, 1898, P130.
1161-9/20/1164, Confirmation by King Malcolm of donations to Holyrood abbey by Ada de Warenne, countess of Northumberland.
1162-9/1164, Ada de Warenne, countess of Northumberland, attested a grant of 3 marks annualy from the cain of ships at Perth.
12/24/1165, William “the Lion”, age 22, crowned King of Scotland.
12/24/1165-1171, Ada de Warenne, countess of Northumberland, granted a toft in burgh of Crail to Cambuskenneth abbey.
12/24/1165-1174, Ada de Warenne, countess of Northumberland, attested the renewal of donations by King William.
1178, Ada died.
(S) Scotland’s Historic Heraldry, McAndrew, 2006. (S) People of Medieval Scotland. (S) King Stephen, King, 2010.
· The earliest record of these and other events of this time were written down by a French writer named Pierre de Langtoft, in the early 1300’s.
· Earl Henry had coins issued in his name at Carlisle and Newcastle; with silver from mines below Nenthead, near Alston.
Children of Henry and Ada:
i. Ada of Huntingdon (94555209), born ~1140 in Scotland.
ii. King Malcom IV of Scotland, born 1141 in Scotland.
5/1153, Malcom’s father having recently died, he succeeded his grandfather King David I as King of Scotland. [He was in poor health most of his life.]
7/1157 at Peak castle, Derbyshire, King Malcom of Scotland, met up with King Henry II of England, and traveled with him to Chester. At Chester, Malcolm did homage to King Henry and surrendered Bamborough, Newcastle, and Carlisle to the King, and relinquished the Scots claims to Cumbria, Westmorland and Northumbria. Malcom needed help against pretenders to the throne.
1/1158 at Carlisle, King Henry II grants knighthood to William earl Warren, but refuses it to Malcolm, King of the Scots.
6/30/1159 at Perigueux, France, King Henry II conferred knighthood on Malcolm, King of the Scots.
7/1159, Malcoln with King Henry as he begins the siege of Toulouse.
9/1159, King Louis VII of France brought his army to relieve the siege and King Henry and his forces had to retreat.
10/1159, King Malcom was still with King Henry when they reached Uzerche in Limousin.
7/1/1163, at Woodstock, Malcom, King of Scotland, did homage with Rese, Prince of S. Wales, and Owen, Prince of N. Wales, to King Henry II.
12/9/1165, age 24, Malcolm died unmarried; buried at Jedburgh Abbey, the last King of Scotland to bear a Gaelic name.
iii. King William I of Scotland (19989906), born 1143 in Scotland.
iv. Margaret of Huntingdon (189118337), born ~1145 in Scotland.
v. David of Huntingdon (79958030), born ~1148 in Scotland.
vi. Majorie of Huntingdon, born ~1151 in Scotland.
Majorie married Gille Christ, Earl of Angus.