Family histories with citations for reference and research -- Searching: I use original spellings from various sources. -- "It is a revered thing to see an ancient castle not in decay; how much more to behold an ancient family which has stood against the waves and weathers of time!" - Francis Bacon.
Thursday, December 13, 2012
G28: 159916224 Clare-Gernon
159916224. Richard de Clare &
159916225. Adelize de Gernon
~1094, Richard [FitzGilbert] born in Hertfordshire, England,
s/o 319832448. Gilbert FitzRichard de
Clare & 319832449. Adelize de
~1097, Adelize, “Alice of Chester”, born in England, d/o 159916040.
Ranulph III de Machines & 159916041.
8/2/1100, Henry I
crowned King of England.
~1116, Richard married Adelize.
1121 at Winchester, Richard at the court of King Henry I.
1124, “Ricardus de Clara comes Hertfordiae” removed the monks from
his castle at Clare into the church of St. Augustine, at Stoke, and bestowed
upon them a little wood, called Stoke-Ho, with a doe every year out of his park
at Hunedene. (S) Journal of the British Arch. Assoc., V26, 1870, P151.
Royal Confirmation to the church of St. Gervase and St. Protase of Vire …
signatories … the king and queen; … William de Aubigny, … Stephen count of
Mortain, Richard fitz Gilbert, …
1130, Richard has a large debt with
1131, Richard fitz-Gilbert in the
return made by the sheriffs for the county of Hertford. (S) Journal of the
British Arch. Assoc., V26, 1870, P151.
9/8/1131 at Northampton, King Henry again had his barons swear
allegiance to his daughter Empress Matilda. Richard was present and swore
crowned king of England.
1135-36, King Stephen acknowledged Richard as earl of Hertford.
4/15/1136, Richard, earl of Hertford, and lord of Ceredigion in
Wales, the most powerful magnate in Wales, slain in an ambush at Abergavenny by
men of Gwent under Iorwerth ab Owain.
10/1136, The news of Richard’s death induced Owain Gwynedd to
invade his lordship. In alliance with Gruffydd ap Rhys of Deheubarth he won a
crushing victory over the Normans at the Battle of Crug Mawr, just outside
Cardigan. The town of Cardigan was taken and burnt, and Richard’s widow,
Adelize, took refuge in Cardigan Castle. She was rescued by Earl Milo Fitz
Walter who led an expedition to bring her to safety in England.
(S) A History of Wales from the Earliest Times, V2, Lloyd,
1912. (S) Court Household, and Itinerary of King Henry II, Eyton, 1878. (S)
Proceedings of the Battle Conference, V11, 1988, P270.
·Richard founded Tunbridge priory.
Children of Richard and Adelize: i. Gilbert de Clare, born ? in England.
12/25/1141, Gilbert created earl of Hertford by King Stephen.
1153, Gilbert died leaving his brother Roger as the heir.
ii. Roger de Clare (79958112), born ~1122 in Tonbridge Castle,