Wednesday, December 26, 2012
G28: 189110272 Anjou-Maine
1090, Fulk born in Anjou, France, s/o 378220544. Fulk IV of Anjou & 378220545. Bertrade de Montfort.
1092, Fulk’s mother left her husband and became the lover of King Philip I of France.
~1095, Erembourg born in Maine, France, d/o 378220546. Helias le Fleche.
8/2/1100, Henry I crowned King of England.
1103, Fulk [the father] disinherited his eldest son Geoffrey in favor of Fulk V. In a subsequent conflict, Geoffrey, with the help of Elias le Fleche forced Fult [the father] to abdicate.
1104, Fulk V [Fulk the younger] assented to a quitclaim made in favour of the abbey of St-Aubin by Geoffrey, his older half brother and co-ruler of Anjou with Fulk, their father.
12/7/1104, Fulk and his father confirmed the previous concession of Geoffrey.
Erembourg 1st married to Geoffrey Martel, co-count of Anjou [Fulk’s older brother.]
1/19/1105, Fulk publicly confirmed his assent to Geoffrey’s quitclaim by placing a knife of the altar of the church.
5/1106, Fulk’s older brother Geoffrey died in battle from a poison arrow, leaving him as heir. Fulk was at the court of King Philip, who had Duke William of Acquitaine escort Fulk back to his father. (S) England Under the Angevin Kings, P229.
8/3/1108, Louis VI crowned King of France.
1108, King Louis invested Fulk, a minor at his court, as heir to his own father of Anjou and designated William, duke of Potiers to conduct Fulk to his father. William, once in his own lands, imprisoned Fulk.
1108-09, Fulk’s mother Bertrade, step-mother of King Louis, worked from court to obtain Fulk’s release.
4/14/1109, Fulk, Count of Anjou on the death of his father.
4/14/1109, Fulk and his sister Ermengarde manumitted a serf for the sake of their father’s soul and the remission of their own sins.
By 1109, Erembourg’s father died.
1109, Fulk faced a situation in which Angevin barons were holding castles which once had been comital, and aligning themselves with the counts of Blois and Poitou. Fulk captured Doue and L’Ile Bouchard. (S) France in the Making, Dunbabin, 2000, P334.
1109, Fulk married Erembourg, uniting Anjou and Maine.
1109-24, A dispute between layman and the canons of St-Vincent du Mans settled in the city of Le Mans before Count Fulk and Bishop Hildebert.
1109-11, There was widespread famine in France.
7/1110, Erembourg’s father died.
1111, Fulk of Anjou began to ‘hold Maine against the king’ [King Henry of England.] (S) Henry I and the Anglo-Norman World, Fleming, 2007, P73.
1111, Amaury of Montfort encouraged his nephew Fulk V to conduct a raid into Normandy, Fulk subsequently appealed to Louis VI for military assistance. (S) Angevin Society and the Early Crusades, Blincoe, 2008, P138.
1112, Fulk besieged Brissac and subdued Eschivard of Preuilly.
2/23/1113, By the Treaty of Pierre Pecoulee, Fulk did homage to King Henry I of England for Maine, and arranged for his daughter Matilda to marry William, s/o King Henry.
1114, Fulk involved in a general barons war.
1116, Fulk formed and alliance with King Louis VI. (S) Gothic King’s of Britain, Potter, 2008, P53.
1117, Fulk V, count of Anjou, founded the priory of La Fontaine Saint-Martin in the diocese of Le Mans. (S) Brittany and the Angevins, Everard, 2000, P66.
7/1118, Fulk V of Anjou supported King Louis VI of France against the forces of King Henry I of England, which included Theobald of Blois. Fulk razed the castle of La Motte-Gautier de Clerichamp.
1118, At the battle of Alencon, Theobald was wounded in the forehead by an arrow, and Fulk took the town. The burghers of Alencon invited Fulk to take over their city.
1119, Fulk and King Louis invaded Normandy hoping to take Gisors [in support of William Clito, son of Robert, Duke of Normandy, brother of King Henry I.]
6/1119, at Lisieux, as part of a peace agreement, Fulks’ daughter Matilda married King Henry’s son William.
8/20/1119, King Louis and his forces defeated at the battle of Bremule by King Henry I. A thousand knights were engaged; 80 French knights were killed.
1120s, Robert the Burgundian [de Craon] lived at the court of Fulk of Anjou.
6/1120, Fulk left for the Holy Land where he met Baldwin II, king of Jerusalem. (S) Angevin Society and the Early Crusades, Blincoe, 2008, P284.
11/25/1120, William, son of King Henry I, died in the White Ship wreck while returning to England from Normandy. Fulk requested, and got, the return of his daughter Matilda.
1121, Amaury de Montfort again tried to form an alliance against King Henry with Fulk of Anjou. He arranged for Fulk’s daughter Sibyl to marry William Clito.
1123, Fulk opposed the annulment of the marriage of his daughter Sybilla with William Clito by Pope Honorius II on the grounds of consanguinity.
1123, Fulk, aligned with Amaury de Montfort in support of William Clito attacked various parts of King Henry’s duchy of Normandy. Fulk attacked the lord of Doue who had revolted.
1124, Fulk took Montreuil-Bellay after a siege of 9 weeks.
1126, King Louis VI had to defend the Bishop of Clermont to Auvergne, opposing William, count of Avuergne. Louis, with Charles the Good of Flanders, Fulk V of Anjou, and Conan of Brittany, and Norman knights, besieged the castle at Montferrand. William X, duke of Aquitaine, who was overlord of the castle, questioned Louis’ authority, but was forced to accept Louis’ authority. After capturing the castle, Louis had the hands of those captured cut off.
1126, Erembourg died.
1127, Fulk allied with King Henry I of England; and arranged for his son to marry Henry’s daughter.
1127, Robert of Craon witnessed a charter of Fulk in the Touraine. [Robert later became the Templar Grand Master.]
9-10/1127, An embassy from Baldwin II, king of Jerusalem, which included Gautier de Bures and Templar Hugh de Payns, arrived to visit Fulk in Anjou, offering Baldwin’s daughter as his bride.
5/22/1128 in Le Mans Cathedral, Anjou, Fulk’s son Geoffrey “the Fair”, age 15, married Matilda. [The Plantagenet name apparently arises from the broom (genet) plant.]
5/31/1128, Fulk of Anjou took the cross in Le Mans.
1128, Widowed Fulk chosen as successor to King Baldwin II of Jerusalem.
6/22/1129, Fulk married Queen Melisende, d/o King Baldwin II of Jerusalem.
11/1129, Fulk of Anjou and Baldwin II failed in an attack on Damascus.
1131, at the Church of the Holy Sepucher, Baldwin, near death, called for Fulk and Melisande, who brought their son Baldwin with them. Baldwin transferred the kingdom prior to his death.
8/21/1131, The death of Baldwin II, king of Jerusalem.
9/14/1131, Fulk became King of Jerusalem, Melisande crowned queen, in the Church of the Holy Sepulcher.
1132, Fulk marched against Alice of Antioch, Melisande’s sister, who had been exiled by their father, but had returned and taken control of the city. (S) Crusade of Kings, Peoples, 2007, P65.
1133, Fulk learned that the Turks had invaded from Persia and were attacking Antioch. Fulk left to Antioch and was met on the trip by Cecilia, Fulk’s half sister by his mother and the King of France, who was married to the count of Tripoli. Cecilia requested help for her husband who was under attack at Montferrand.
1133, Fulk marched towards Montferrand, which caused the Zengi, atabeg of Aleppo, to abandon his siege.
1134, Fulk repulsed numerous attacks on the city Antioch.
1134, Fulk accused Hugh II of Le Puiset, count of Jaffa, of adultery with Melisende. Hugh was sentenced to 3 years in exile.
12/22/1135, Stephen crowned king of England.
1136, Fulk and Melisande reconciled.
1136, Fulk of Anjou ordered the castle at Beer Sheva in order to blockade Ashquelon. (S) The Holy Land, Murphy-O’Connor, 2008, P214.
8/1/1137, Louis VII succeeded as king of France.
8/1137, Fulk defeated in battle near Barin [Montferrand], and captured by the Turks [Zengi], but later freed.
1138, Melisande, wife of Fulk, added a large abbey complex next to the Tomb of Lazarus. (S) Rough Guide to Israel, Jacobs, 1998, P416.
6/24/1139-3/29/1140, Fulk V of Anjou, king of Jerusalem, visited by an Arab-Syrian warrior. During the visits Fulk would sell to the visitor his captives. (S) An Arab-Syrian Gentleman and Warrior, Munquidh, 2000, P110.
1140, Fulk constructed the crusader fortress, the Citadel in Safed. (S) Rough Guide to Israel, Jacobs, 1998, P241.
8/15/1141, Fulk adjudicated a claim by the canons of St-Julien to revenues, and to exercise rights over parts of the city of Le Mans’ fortifications.
11/13/1143, Fulk killed in Acre in a hunting accident, crushed by his falling horse, he died 3 days later.
(S) The Capetians, Bradbury, 2007. (S) Conqueror’s Son, Lack, 2007. (S) Transactions – Royal Hist. Soc., V5, 1996, P43. (S) Crusader States, Barber, 2012, P361. (S) Real Hist. Behind the Templars, Newman, 2007. (S) Anglo-Norman Studies 32, Lewis, 2009, P29.
· William of Tyre wrote “Fulk was a redhead … faithful, gentle, and unlike most of that coloring, affable, kind and merciful.”
Children of Fulk and Erembourg:
1131, Geoffrey’s brother Elias, count of Maine, rebelled against him. Geoffrey captured Elias and imprisoned him in Tours. [He died soon after being released from a disease contracted in prison.]
iii. Sybil of Anjou (189110411), born ~1117 in Anjou, France.
9/11/1161, Baldwin’s mother died.
1162, Baldwin died.
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