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Tuesday, July 23, 2013

G32: 3025764398 Arles-Provence-Anjou

3025764398. William, comte d’Arles and Marquis de Provence & 3025764399. Adelaide-Blanche of Anjou.

William born in d’Arles, s/o §Boson, comte d´Arles & Constantia of Viennois.
Adelaide-Blanche of Anjou, d/o §Foulques I ‘le Roux’ Comte d'Anjou & Roscille de Loches.
949, Provence divided into 4 feudal counties. (S) Provence, Facaros, 2004, P285.
9/12/954, King Lothair succeeded King Louis IV as King of the West Franks.
 [–––Adelaide & Etienne–––]
~960, Adelaide married 1st to Etienne de Brioude. [2 sons: Pons and Bertrand 1 daughter Ermengarde.]
5/963, ‘Boso comes et uxor sua Constantia … illorum filii … Willelmus comes, Rotbaldus comes, Pontius juvenis’ signed the charter by which ‘Gencius et uxor mea Aiburga’ donated property to Monmajour, for the souls of ‘seniore meo Bosone et uxor sua quondam.’
5/965, ‘Bosoni comitis, filii Rothboldi quondam’ donated property  acquired by his father to ‘ecclesiam sancte Marie et sancti Stephani Avinionensis’ with consent of ‘eius filio Rothboldo et fratre eius Wilelmo comite.’
967-8, Count Boson and his son William presided over a tribunal. (S) Development of Southern French and Catalan Society, Lewis, 1965, P214.
968, William’s father died.
[–––William & Arsinde–––]
William married 1st Arsinde ?.
4/970, ‘Wilelmus comes Provincie et coniunx mea Arsinna’ donated property to Saint-Victor de Marseille.
970, William settled Italian count Ugo Blavia near Frejus.
972, The Saracens captured the Abbot of Cluny and took them as hostages to Fraxinet.
972, William of Provence, ‘the liberator’, destroyed the Saracen fortress at Fraxinetum. (S) History of the City of Rome, V3, Gregorovius, 1903, P391.
973, William defeated the Saracens at the battle of Tourtour.
975, Count William of Provence and Ardoin, Marquess of Turin, drove out Spanish-Saracen pirates from Garde Freinet on the coast of Provence, the last in southern France. (S) A Tale of Two Passes, Putnam, 2008, P121.
[Undated,, bef. death of Etienne]: ‘Stephanus [Etienne] filius quondam Bertrandi et Emildis’ restored property to Saint-Julien de Brioude which he had usurped after his father died, signed by ‘domina Adalaiz [Adelaide] … mariti sui Stephani atque filiorum suorum Poncii et Bertranni [Sons Pons and Bertrand].’
[–––Adelaide & Raymond–––]
~976, Adelaide married 2nd to Raymond IV, comte de Toulouse.
979, William became Count of Arles.
4/17/979, ‘Vuilelmus [William] marchius Arelatense Provintie’ donated property ‘in comitatu Avinionense, in agro Rupiano …" to Saint-Victor, Marseille, signed by ‘Arsinda comitissa’ [Arsinde.]
Raymond died: ‘Adelaidem, Ragemundi nuper defuncti ducis Gothorum uxorem.’
[–––Adelaide & Louis–––]
982, Louis V of France married Adelaide-Blanche of Anjou [The same day they were crowned King and Queen at Aquitaine. The marriage arranged by King Lothair, Adelaide was much older than Louis.] (S) The Carolingians, Riche, 1993, P265.
984, Louis V divorced Adelaide.
 [–––William & Adelaide–––]
By 986, Adelaide-Blanche married William I ‘le Liberateur’.
3/2/986, King Lothair succeeded by his son King louis V.
5/29/987 at Senlis, Hugh Capet succeeded King Louis V as King of the West Franks.
8/28/990, ‘Willelmus comes’ donated property to Cluny, signed by ‘Rodbaldus comes [William’s brother], Adalaix comitissa, Wilelmus comes et filius eius Wilelmus.’
992, ‘Dominus princeps et marchio istius provinciæ … Willelmus cum coniuge su a… Adelaix et filio suo … Willelmo’ restored property to the abbey of Saint-Césaire d´Arles.
Aft. 8/29/993, William II of Provence died; buried at Sarrians, église de Sainte-Croix.
[–––Adelaide–––]
Adelaide regent for her son.
Aft. 993, ‘Rotbaldus marchio et conjux mea … Eimildis’ donated land to Cluny by signed by ‘Adalax comitissa et filius suus Willelmus.’
10/24/996, King Robert II succeeded his father Hugh as King of the Franks.
1000, ‘duo germani fratres … Pontius, alter Bertrandus’ [Adelaide’s sons by Etienne] donated property to Saint-Chaffre for the souls of ‘patris sui Stephani matrisque nomine Alaicis’.
6/7/1002, Henrich II succeeded as King of Germany.
1002, ‘Rotbaldus comes et coniux mea Ermengarda’ donated land to Monmajour, signed by ‘Willelmus nepos suus … Adalax comitissa.’
1003, ‘Adalaiz comitissa’ donated property to Saint-Victor de Marseille, subscribed by ‘Emma comitissa … Wilelmus comes.’
1/1004, Pope John XVIII succeeded Pope John XVII.
1005, ‘Pontius … Massiliensis ecclesie pontifex’ issued a charter with the consent of ‘… domne Adalaizis comitisse, domnique Guillelmi comitis filii eius.’
9/1016, Pope Benedict VIII refers to ‘domnæ Adeleidi comitissæ cognomento Blanchæ’ in a document.
5/30/1018, ‘Adalax comitissa mater Villelmi quondam Provintie comitis et Geriberga eque comitissa … eiusdem principis olim uxor’ donated property to Saint-Victor de Marseille for the soul of their late son and husband.
1024, ‘Vuilelmus filius Rodbaldi’ donated property to Marseille Saint-Victor, signed by ‘Adalaiz comitissa.’
5/29/1026, Adelaide died; buried Montmajour, near Arles.
(S) Foundation for Medieval Genealogy.
Family notes:
·         Boson, s/o §Rotbald I.
·         Adelaide-Blanche of Anjou, sister of Geoffrey d’Anjou, and aunt of Fulk III Nerra of Anjou.
Children of William and Adelaide:

i. William III of Provence, born 986-7 in Arles, France.

[See above for William in charters with his parents.]
993, William succeeded his father as Comte de Provence.
1002, William married Gerberge de Macon, d/o Otto-William, Count of Burgundy & Ermentrude de Roucy [sister of Rainald I of Burgundy.]
1013, ‘Wilelmus comes Provincie coniugisque mea Girberga cum filio nostro Wilelmo’ donated property to Saint-Victor de Marseille.
Bef. 5/30/1018, William died.
1019, ‘Geriberga comitissa’ donated property to Saint-Victor de Marseille for the soul of ‘senioris mei Guilelmi comitis Provincie.’

ii. Constance of Arles (1512882199), born ~989 in Arles, France.

Sunday, July 7, 2013

G31: 1300430848 Malet-Crispin

1300430848. William Malet & 1300430849. Heselia Crispin

~1020, William, ‘Sire de Graville,’ born in Normandy.
~1025, Heselia Crispin born in Normandy, France, d/o §Gilbert Crispin, castellan of Tillieres in the Vexin, & Gunnor ?.
4/3/1043, Edward the Confessor, became King of England.
Bef. 1066, William associated with Earl Harold Godwinson of England. (S) The Normans, Crouch, 2006, P87.
1/5/1066, Harold Godwinson elected King of England.
3/20/1066, Haley’s comet appeard in the sky at its closest point to earth, and was interpreted as an evil omen.
10/14/1066, William and son Robert participated in the Battle of Hastings. When the battle was over, Duke William entrusted William Malet to attend to the burial of the dead English King.
9/1066, King Harald of Norway defeated the English in battle near York.
10/25/1066, William the Conqueror crowned King of England.
1068, King William travelled through England building castles. Nottingham was assigned to William Peverel, Warwick to Henry de Beaumont, and William appointed Sheriff of York. [Record of Odericus: ‘William surveyed the most unaccessible points in the country, and selecting suitable spots, fortified them against the enemy’s incusions.’]
1068, King William returned to Normandy [which provided the opportunity for rebellion.]
1/1069, William serving under Robert Fitz-Richard and William of Ghent, with 500 picked knights had to fight off a local revolt, headed by Edgar the Atheling. Robert Fitz-Richard and many of his men were killed and it was only by the timely arrival of King William that the City was saved.
2/1069, Robert Fitz-Richard murdered at Durham. William appointed castellan of York.
2-4/1069, Back in England, King William devastated York and burned the countryside.
9/21/1069 at a siege of York, William, his wife and 2 of his children were captured by a combined force of Danes and English under Sweyn of Denmark, supported by Earls Waltheof and Gospatric and the Northumbrians. William, the governor of York, lost all of his land holdings in Yorkshire. [The Danes are said to have had 240 ships. The Normans to have lost 3000. The cathedral was burnt. At this time the ‘locals’ likely supported the Danes.]
1069, King William again marched north and defeated the invaders.
12/25/1069, William celebrated Christmas in the ruins of York.
1069-70, William was named Sheriff of Suffolk. William given the largest fife in East Anglia including lands in Suffolk, Norfolk and Essex. William built his home called Castle Mound, at Eye, Suffolk.
~1071, William died fighting “Hereward the Wake” in the Fens, near Ely Cathedral [in the middle of the Malet holdings]. (S) The Domesday Book: “... He went into the marsh ... he went on the King’s service, where he died.”
1085, Elesia holding lands in dower in Suffolk. [Hesilia, ‘Mother of Robert Malet’, is recorded in Domesday multiple times.]
(S) Notices of an English Branch of the Malet Family, Arthur Malet, 1885, PP22-23, App’s C1-C2 & PP1-17, App’s A1-A10. (S) Battle Conference, 1996, P122ff. (S) Domesday York, Is78, Palliser, P3.
Family notes:
·         1040, King Henry besieged and destroyed the Norman outpost of Tillieres-sur-Avre [land of Duke William], held by Gilbert Crispin for Blois.
·         William and his brother Durand held lands in Lincolnshire, England, during the reign of Edward the Confessor, and through the reign of Harold right up to the conquest, in addition to those in Normandy. These Lincolnshire holdings, all in the Danelaw, probably came from William and Durand’s mother. After the conquest William’s English holdings were greatly increased, again, principally in the Danelaw, as English lands were taken from their Saxon owners and handed over to Norman Barons.
·         The Malet Castle at Graville Sainte Honorine had an important strategic location at the mouth of the Seine.
·         The Malet Coat of Arms can be seen on the Bayeux tapestry.
·         The Abbey church in which some of the Malets are buried is in the town of Le Havre, France.

Children of William and Heselia:
i. Robert Malet, born ~1045 in France.

Robert married Elisee De Brionne.
By 1066, Robert a witness in a charter of William, Count of the Normans, to the Abbey of Jumieges.
1071, Robert named Sheriff of Suffolk, succeeding his father William. The bulk Robert’s properties were in Suffolk and Norfolk, and comprised land in 137 parishes in that county, as well as 35 in Yorkshire, 22 in Norfolk, 6 in Lincolnshire, 4 in Essex, 2 in Nottinghamshire, 1 in Rutland, and 1 in Surrey. The size of individual holdings ranged from a few acres to entire parishes, and the total land area is estimated to have been at least 75,000 acres, of which 47,000 were located in Suffolk, making Robert the second largest landowner there, behind only the Abbot of Bury St. Edmunds.
1075, Robert was responsible for suppressing the rebellion of Ralph, Earl of Norfolk.
1076-83, Robert Malet grante to the priory of Eye the church of Eye and all the churches in the neighbouring town of Dunwich. (S) Cyclopedia of Education, V5, 1913, P259.
Robert was appointed to the office of “Great Chamberlain of England”. It’s possible he may have been the first Great Chamberlain of England, a title which passed to his relative Aubrey (Alberic) II de Vere upon his death.
Bef. 1086, Robert responsible for establishing Eye park as a hunting preserve, one of only four such parks mentioned in the Suffolk Domesday book.
1086, Robert listed in the Domesday survey. He had inherited most of his father’s estates in Suffolk, Yorks, Norfolk, Surrey, Notts, Rutland, Lincoln, Cheshire, and Essex.
1087, Robert was responsible for establishing the Benedictine priory of St. Peter.
Aft. 1087, [and after the death of William I] Robert was deprived of the Honour of Eye and was banished from the kingdom. [probably by William I’s son Rufus.]
1100, Henry, youngest s/o William I, became King; Robert Malet was there to witness his first Charter.
1104, in London, Robert Malet attested a writ of Queen Matilda.
9/28/1106, Robert died at the battle of Tinchebrae, France; the decisive battle in which Henry, King of England, defeated his brother Robert, Duke of Normandy.
Child: William Malet, born ~1070 in Eye, Suffolk, England. 1096, William was one of Duke Robert's companions in the first Crusade. 1110, William was banished from England by Henry I for participation in the rebellion of Helias, Earl of Mayne.

ii. Gilbert Malet (650215424), born ~1050 in France.

iii. Beatrice Malet, born ~1055 in France.

~1080, Beatrice married William De Arches.
[Beatrice’s grant in aid to the village of Radingfield a source of the early family information.]

Monday, June 17, 2013

Medieval Genealogically-Relevant Definitions

Advowson: The right to appoint a priest to a local church.
Armiger: Right to heraldry.
Attained: The family titles could not be passed to the heirs.
Baron: A British nobleman of the lowest rank; William the Conqueror introduced “baron” as a rank into England to distinguish the men who had pledged their loyalty to him. [Previously, in the Anglo-Saxon kingdom of England, the king’s companions held the title of earls.] All who held their barony “in chief of the king” – directly from William and his successors – became alike barones regis (barons of the king), bound to perform a stipulated service, and welcome to attend his council. Before long, the greatest of the nobles, especially in the marches, such as the Earls of Chester or the Bishops of Durham, might refer to their own tenants as barons. There arose the practice of sending to each greater baron a special summons to the council that evolved into the House of Lords. Thus appeared a definite distinction, which eventually had the effect of restricting to the greater barons the rights and privileges of peerage. The King of England could create a new barony in one of two ways: by a writ of summons directing someone to Parliament, or by letters patent.
“By writ”: title was inheritable through male and female lines.
Commissioner of oyer and terminer: a French law name for a person “to hear and determine”, or judge according to law.
Duke: a nobleman of the highest hereditary rank below that of prince; the only English noble who is usually addressed by his title.
Earl: a British peer ranking below a marquess and above a viscount.
Escheats: Land or other property that falls to a lord within his manor by forfeiture or death.
Esquires: The king created esquires by putting the collar of SS and bestowing upon them a pair of silver spurs … The distinction of esquire was given to persons of fortune not attendant upon knights.
Fee: An estate, completely owned by a person, which can be sold or given as an inheritance by that person; an estate held by a lord to be given when service has been performed or homage paid.
Feoffment: a transfer of property that gave the new owner the right to sell the land as well as the right to pass it on to his heirs.
Gaol: ancient word for “jail”.
Hide: land that supported a family in the early medieval period; later used to define areas of land.
Inspeximus: The confirmation of a royal grant or charter.
K.B.: Knight banneret, a knight fighting under his own banner.
Knight of the Garter.: Knight of the Order of the Garter; founded by King Edward III.
Knight: The knight generally held his lands by military tenure; thus knight service was a military service, usually 40 days a year, normally expected by an overlord in exchange for each fief held by a knight. A knight fighting under another’s banner was called a knight bachelor. Knighthood was not hereditary.
Magna Carta Baron; a permanent commission of 25 Barons to monitor King John’s compliance with the magna Carta terms; the “security clause.”
Marquess: A nobleman ranking below a duke and above an earl or a count; means lord of the marches (borders), a title unknown in England before 1385.
Mesne lord: a feudal lord who was lord to his own tenants on land held from a superior lord.
Quitclaim: To relinquish, release, or transfer a title, claim, or interest to another.
Viscount: A nobleman ranking below an earl or count and above a baron.

Yoeman: A farmer who cultivates his own land, especially a member of a former class of small freeholders.

Tuesday, June 11, 2013

G30: 650215424 Gilbert Malet

650215424. Gilbert Malet

~1050, Gilbert born in France, s/o 1300430848. William Malet & 1300430849. Heselia Crispin.
3/20/1066, Haley’s comet appeard in the sky at its closest point to earth, and was interpreted as an evil omen.
10/14/1066, Gilbert at the battle of Hastings [indirect evidence from the fact that he held land in the Domesday survey under his brother Robert.]
10/25/1066, William I crowned King of England
1069, Gilbert, with his father, mother and sister, were among the few spared by the Danes and English from the slaughter of the garrison the Castle of York.
~1071, Gilbert’s father died; his older brother Robert succeeding.
1072, Gilbert’s mother died.
Gilbert [probably] married either a sister or a d/o Roger de Corcelle, and his son Robert inherited the property of his mother. (S) Previous land ownership of Roger: now known as  “Shepton Mallet” and “Curry Mallet”; & Gilbert’s change in Coat of Arms – which usually went with the acquisition of property through an heiress.
1086, Gilbert is listed in the Domesday Book, which was completed in this year. He holds land under his brother Robert. Hubert de Malet also holds land in the same village as Gilbert. The Malet’s hold no land in Somerset.
(S) Notices of an English Branch of the Malet Family, Arthur Malet, 1885, PP68-72, App. B2, FF, GG.
Family notes:
·         Gilbert is named in his sister Beatrice Malet’s gift of Radingfield to the Monastery of Eye.

Child of Gilbert and ?:
i. Robert Malet (325107712), born ~1082 in Curry Mallet, Somerset, England.


Sunday, April 28, 2013

G29: 378254212 FitzPeter-Cauz


378254212. Adam fitz Peter & 378254213. Maud de Cauz

~1160, Matilda d/o §Robert de Cauz & Sybil Basset.
1186, Matilda’s father died.
1194, Adam fitz Peter had a duel [likely by proxy] with Simon de Lascelles over 24 carcuates of land at Birkin. Adam was victorius. (S) Thoresby Society, V9, 1899, P49.
5/27/1199, John succeeded King Richard I of England.
1207, Adam fitz Peter de Birkin died.
10/28/1216, Henry III, age 9, crowned king of England.
1221, Matilda gave 700£ for seisin of her paternal lands.
1223, Matila married 2nd Ralph fitz Stephen, being dowered with Winterburn in Gloucestershire.
Bef. 5/25/1224, Matilda died.
(S) Miscellanea of Thoresby Society, V41, 1954.
Family notes:
·         Constance de Cauz, sister of Matilda, married Adam’s brother Thomas fitz Peter de Leeds.
·         Robert de Caux [died 1186] s/o Robert de Caux [died 1131] & Anneis ?; s/o Geoffrey Aselin [died 1108-09].
·         Adam fitz Peter aka: “Adam de Falthwaite” and “Adam fitz Peter fitz Asolf”, in early charters; “Adam fitz Peter de Birkin” in later charters.
·         Adam de Birkin appears in many charters, the earliest, after 1131, as a witness [as Adam s/o Peter fitz Essolf] to the founding of the Drax by William Paganell.

Child of Adam and Maud:
i. John de Birkin (189127106), born ~1180 in England.

Wednesday, March 27, 2013

G29: 325107712 Malet


325107712. Robert Malet

~1082, Robert born in Curry Mallet, Somerset, England, s/o 650215424. Gilbert Malet.
Aft. 1086, Robert’s father died.
8/5/1100, Henry I crowned King of England. [Robert’s uncle and namesake attended the coronation.]
9/28/1106, Robert’s uncle of the same name died at the battle of Tinchebrae, France. [His heir was his son William, who was deprived of his lands in 1110.]
Bet. 1110–1135, Robert held 10 knights’ fees of Abbey of Glastonbury. [Robert Malet in possession of a large part of the property of Roger de Corcelle, who died during the reign of William Rufus. No record or tradition existing of the mode in which these possessions came to the Malets.]
1129-30, Robert Malet named with reference to Warminster, Wilts.
12/26/1135, In a coup, Stephen became King of England; ursuping Empress Matilda, d/o King Henry I, and starting a civil war.
4/1136 at Winchester, Robert Malet attended the Easter court of King Stephen, where he issued his Charter of Liberties. (S) King Stephen, King, 2010, P60.
1136, Robert Malet steward of the King’s household.
1136-38, Notification by King Stephen that he has confirmed to the church of Eye all the holdings of Benedict the chaplain in Stoke Ash, … [Benedict the chaplain of Robert Malet who held the churches of Stoke Ash and Throndon.] (S) Eye Priory Cartulary, Brown, 1992, P29.
1137, Robert Malet with King Stephen in Normandy.
By 6/1139, Robert Malet removed as a steward to the King. (S) Anarchy of King Stephen’s Reign, King, 1994, P119.
1140, Robert held Curry Malet.
By 1141, Robert switched allegiance to Empress Matilda.
1141, Robert was a witness to the charter granted by Maud the Empress to Geoffrey de Magnaville when she created him Earl of Essex.
1150, Robert holding land in Cambridgeshire.
1150, Robert “petitions the Pope on behalf of himself and the inhabitants that a cemetery may be added to the Church, for that the corpses were lost and frequently those also who carried them in going to Glastonbury, the place of burial, in bogs and quagmires.” (S) Notes on the History of Shepton Malet, Farbrother, P220. He stated “there was not long ago in the chest of Shepton Mallet Church a letter from Robert Malet written in about 1150 …”.
1150-1153, Robert died in Curry Mallet.
(S) Notices of an English Branch of the Malet Family, Arthur Malet, 1885, PP72-3, App. GG, HH2. (S) The Origins of the Malets of Enmore, by G.E.G. Malet, The Genealogist, Vol. VIII, 1938-39. (S) Battle Conference, 1996, P164.

Children of Robert and ?:
i. William Malet (270188568), born ~1110 in Curry Mallet, Somerset, England.
ii. Baldwin Malet (325107712), born ~1112 in Curry Mallet, Somerset, England.

Monday, February 18, 2013

G28: 243382304 Say


243382304. Sir Geoffrey de Say

~1180, Geoffrey born in England, eldest surviving s/o §Geoffrey de Say.
9/3/1189, Richard I succeeded King Henry II of England.
1197-1198, Geoffrey confirmed his father's grant of the manor of Rickling, Essex, to his younger half-brother, also named Geoffrey de Say.
1198, Geoffrey and his father, Geoffrey de Say the elder – son of William de Say, made a grant to the hospital of Drincourt, providing for prayers for the soul of Alice de Cheyne, mother of the younger Geoffrey.
5/27/1199, John succeeded King Richard I of England.
Aft. 7/1214, Geoffrey’s father died.
1214, Geoffrey made a fine of 400 marks to have his father’s lands.
1215, Geoffrey joined the confederacy of barons against King John.
6/15/1215 at Runnymead, King John forced to sign the Magna Carta.
10/17/1215, Geoffrey’s lands were granted to Peter de Craon.
11/20/1215 at Bury St. Edmunds, Geoffrey elected as one of the 25 to guarantee observance of the Magna Carta. (S) History, Gazeteer and Dir. of Suffolk, 1874, P565.
10/28/1216, Henry III, age 9, crowned king of England.
9/14/1217, Geoffrey’s lands restored.
5/15/1218, Pledges for Robert Marmion taken in court: … Geoffrey de Say for 20 m. (S) FRsHIII.
1219, Geoffrey went on a pilgrimage to the holy lands.
1221, Geoffrey at the siege of Bytham castle.
10/20/1222, Geoffrey granted a market at Sawbridgeworth, Hertfordshire. (S) Gazetteer of Markets and Fairs.
1223, Geoffrey went on a pilgrimage to Santiago de Compostella, Spain.
1224, Geoffrey held 42 knight’s fees in the scutage of Montgomery.
3/1/1228, The king has committed the manor of Lesnes with appurtenances to Rose, wife of Richard of Chilham , which they recovered by a duel against Robert fitz Walter, … she has found the king Geoffrey de Say, John of Shillingham and William de Lisle as her pledges, namely 20 m. from each pledge. (S) FRsHIII.
4/3/1228, To the sheriff of Kent, concerning taking a moiety of Patrixbourne, which is an escheat of the king and which Geoffrey de Say holds etc., into the king’s hand. (S) FRsHIII.
4/30/1230, From Portsmouth, Geoffrey in the army of King Henry, invading Brittany in hopes of recovering Normandy. They established their camp at Nantes, and captured a small castle.
8/19/1230, Geoffrey of Sawbridgeworth, Hertfordshire, West Greenwich, Kent and Sussex died while on service in Poitou, France; buried at the Hospital of St. Mary, Dover. [King Henry returned his army to England the following October.]
(S) Magna Carta Ancestry, P727.

Family notes:

·         Geoffrey de Say [the father] of Edmonton, Middlesex; and Sawbridgeworth, Herefordshire.
·         1180, Geoffrey de Say and his wife Adeliza made an agreement with the priory of Wenlock. (S) Court, Household, and Itinerary of King Henry II, Eyton, 1878, P238.
·         11/14/1189, Beatrice de Say’s cousin William de Mandeville, earl of Essex, died without heirs.
·         By 12/5/1189, Beatrice and her uncle Geoffrey de Say were the heirs [‘both of the same stock’], for a fine of 7000 marks. [Beatrice d/o William de Say of Kimbolton, Huntingdonshire; and Saham, Norfolk.]
·         11/23/1191, By writ of King Richard, Geoffrey [who could not pay] turned the barony over to William Longchamp.
·         1212, Geoffry de Say again brought suit for the barony of Mandeville.
·         7/1214, Geoffrey de Say [the father] seeks a writ against Geoffrey de Mandeville, claiming the loss of the barony on a technicality, offered 15,000 marks for the recognition that he had been disseized ‘voluntarie.’
·         (S) Judges & Common Law, Turner, 2003, P296ff. (S) HSJ, V10, 2001, P168.

Children of Geoffrey and ?:
i. William de Say (121691152), born ~1205 in England.

9/20/1230, Upon the death of Geoffrey de Say, the king took the homage of William de Say, his son and heir, for all that Geoffrey held of the king in chief. (S) FRsHIII. [Writs to the sheriffs of Bedfordshire, Kent, Middlesex and Herefordshire.]

ii. Geoffrey de Say, born ? in England.

3/20/1235, Inspeximus … Maud de Mandeville, countess of Hereford and Essex, … Witnesses, William de Say, Geoffrey de Say, … (S) CChRs.
10/14/1246, Geoffrey de Say, brother of William de Say, gave a bond to Aaron son of Abraham the Jew for £30.

Wednesday, February 6, 2013

G28: 189127106 Birkin


189127106. John de Birkin & 189127107. Johanna ?

~1180, John born in England, s/o 378254212. Adam fitz Peter & 378254213. Maud de Caux.
1186, John’s maternal grandfather died.
5/27/1199, John succeeded King Richard I of England.
1207, John’s father died; John inheriting Falthwait through his mother. (S) Chartulary of St. John of Pontefract, 1902, P603.
1207, John de Birkin confirmed the gifts of his father to the monks of Pontefract. (S) Miscellanea – Thoresby Society, V41, 1954, P49. [At this time his wife is Johanna.]
1208, Maurice, grandson of Robert de Gant, sued John de Birkin for the vills of Cottingley, Cullingworth, Halton and Harden. (S) West Yorkshire, Moorhouse, 1981, P324.
1208-09, John de Birkin a witness to the Langbaurgh charter of Peter de Brus; an agreement with his Cleveland tenants. (S) The Brus Family, Blakely, 2005, P56.
1209, Maurice de Gant, the chief lord of Bingley, recognised the right of Thomas de Mohaut to hold 6 bovates in Marley from John de Birkin. (S) West Yorkshire, Moorhouse, 1981, P327.
1212, John de Birkin held inquests of the forests in the north of England. (S) Taxation in Medieval England, Mitchell, 1971, P73.
1213, William de Stapleton, a knight of John, constable of Chester, Jordan Foliot, John de Birkin, and 17 other knights are bound to King John for John’s payment of 7,000 marks dur from Robert his father. (S) Thoresby Society, Vs1-2, 1891, P514.
10/28/1216, Henry III, age 9, crowned king of England.
8/1218, ‘Rex Willelmo de Tametun, Johanni de Birkin, … constituimus vos justiciarios nostros ad assisam nove dissaisine capiendam, …’ (S) CPRs.
1218-19, Walter de Percy claims from the prioress of Sinningthwaite two  bovates of arable with the appurtenances in Marton-le-Moor as his right etc., and those [bovates] in which the same prioress has no entry except through John de Birkin and his wife Agnes the mother of this Walter whose inheritance the land was, who made that gift to the prioress while the same Anges lay on her death-bed in the illness of which she died. (S) Baker and Milson Sources of English Legal History, Baker, 2010, P20.
1220, John de Birkin witnessed a charter of Amabilia, sister and heir of Jordan de Insula; a confirmation to the church of Selby. (S) Yorkshire Arch. Journal, V11, 1891, P461.
6/1221, ‘Johannes de Birkin, Marmaducus de Tueng, Willelmus de Tametun, Jordanus Heirun, constituti sunt justiciarii ad assisam nove dissaisine capiendam …’ (S) CPRs.
9/30/1221, Order to take into the king’s hand without delay all of the king’s demesne lands, namely those demesnes of which King John, the king’s father, was seised at the beginning of the war between him and his barons. John de Birkin, Robert de Percy, Marmaduke of Thwing and Nicholas Basset to support the sheriff of Yorkshire. (S) FRsHIII.
3/28/1223, Yorkshire. The prior and monks of Selby give the king 20 m. for having custody of their abbey for as long as it pleases the king with the lands, rents and other possessions of the same abbey, by the view of John of Birkin. … Order to John of Birkin to see that the prior and cellarer are to keep it, as aforesaid, and that the monks and servants of the house are to have their reasonable maintenance, as they are accustomed and ought to have it, without excess or waste. (S) FRsHIII.
1223, John de Birkin, sheriff of Yorkshire. (S) History and Antiquities of Selby, Morrell, 1867, P70.
7/1223, ‘Johannes de Birkin, Adam de Novo Mercato, … assignati sunt justiciarii ad assisam nove dissaisine capiendam …’ (S) CPRs.
1224, John’s mother died.
5/25/1224, To Robert of Lexington. John of Birkin, heir of Matilda de Caux, has made fine with the king by 300 m. for his relief of the lands formerly of Matilda that fall to John by inheritance, and, similarly, for having custody of the forest of Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire, which falls to him by inheritance, and the king has taken his homage. (S) FRsHIII.
1225, Eboracum. {Robertus de Ros, J. constabularius Cestrie, tamquan superiores, Adam de Novo Mercato, Johannes de Birkin, … } in crastina medie quadragesime … (S) CPRs.
1225, John de Birkin witnessed a grant from William de Nevill to Richard de Mirfield of a bovate of land in Lepton. (S) Yorkshire Arch. Journal, 1882, P410.
1227, Idem … assisam nove dissaisine capiendam … Galfridus Pincerna aramiavit versus Johannem de Birkin … (S) CPRs.
Bef. 10/22/1227, John died. (S) Coucher Book of the Cistercian Abbey of Kerkstall, 1904, P1.

Family notes:

·         John appeared in numerous charters by his father, giving consent to the alienation of family property. (S) Rievaulx Abbey, Jamroziak, 2005, P97.
·         Agnes de Flamvile is sometimes given as wife of John. Agnes was the wife of John de Birkin, uncle of this John. (S) Thoresby Society, V9, 1899, P49. [The records earlier than 1207 of ‘John de Birkin’ are assumed to be that of this John.]

Children of John and Johanna:
i. Thomas de Birkin, born ? in England.

Thomas married Joan ?.
Bef. 10/22/1227, Nottinghamshire. Thomas of Birkin, son and heir of John of Birkin, has made fine with the king by 200 m. for having seisin of the lands formerly of John that fall to him by hereditary right, with the bailiwick of the forest of Sherwood. (S) FRsHIII.
By 9/1230, Thomas died; his sister Isabel his heir. [The following December, Henry de Lonchamps gave 50 marks the marriage of Thomas’ wife Joan.] (S) FRsHIII.

ii. Isabel de Birkin (94563553), born ~1210 in England.

Sunday, January 6, 2013

G25: 16886916 Pantulf-FitzAlan


16886916. Hugh Pantulf & 16886917. Christina FitzAlan

~1150, Hugh born in England, s/o §Ivo Pantulf.
~1153, Christina born in England, d/o 378236416.  William Fitz Alan & 16886917. Christina ?, [Neice of Robert the Consul, earl of Gloucester].
12/19/1154, Henry II succeeded King Stephen of England.
Bef. 6/24/1170, Hugh married Christina. (S) Barons of the Welsh Frontier, Meisel, 1980, P28.
6/24/1170, King Henry II authorised deduction from the FitzAlan estates of revenue from the manor of Badminton,  assigned as the marriage portion of William fitz Alan´s daughter.
1175, Hugh’s father died.
7/1175, Hugh Pantulf witnessed a royal charter of King Henry II to Roger Mussun.
1176-79, A charter for the sale of ‘terram … de Wogheresforlong et de Dorfaut’, witnessed by ‘Hugone Pantun, Hamelino fratre eius, Bricio fratre eius.’
1179, Hugh, sheriff of Shropshire.
1186, Hugh Pantulf, sheriff of Shropshire. (S) Reading in Medieval History, Geary, 2010, P723.
7/17/1186, at Feckenham, Hugh Pantulf witnessed a royal charter of King Henry II to Hughmond abbey, Shropshire.
8/13/1186, Hugh Pantulf, Robert Marmion, Ralph de Ardern, William fitz Stephen and Thomas Noel, justiciars in session at Litchfiield, Staffordshire.
6/14/1188 at Gaitinton, Final concord … Hugh, bishop of Durham; … Rannulf de Glanville; William de Humez; Bertram de Verdun; … Hugh Pantulf. (S) Hugh de Puiset – Bishop of Durham, Scammell, 2011, P284.
2/8/1189, William fitz Alan, Thomas Noel, Hugh Pantulf, … sitting justices at Salop. (S) Antiquities, V6, P368.
9/3/1189, Richard I succeeded King Henry II of England.
9/1189, William fitz Alan replaced Hugh Pantulf as sheriff of Shropshire. (S) Collections – Staffordshire, V2, 1881, P152.
1197, A release from marriage of Thomas de Erdington witnessed by ‘Willelmo filio Alani, Hugone Pantolfe, Roberto Corbet, Johanne Extraneo, Radulfo Basset … William Bagot.’
5/27/1199, John succeeded King Richard I of England.
1203, Hugh Pantulf a pledge for William the Reeve of Ercall for a fine one mark for an inquest. (S) Select Pleas of the Crown, Maitland, 1888, P35.
8/10/1204, Robert Corbet and Hugh Pantulf appointed by King John to escourt Wenunwin de Kevelloc to England.
11/3/1207, At King John’s court at Malmesbury, William fitz Alan, Hugh Pantulf, and John le Strange witnessed an agreement with Wenhunwyn son of Hoen de Keveliac.
10/28/1208, at Shrewsbury, Gwenwynwyn of Powys required to give 20 named hostages for his life, witnessed by marcher barons William fitz Alan, Robert Corbet, Hugh Pantulf, and John L’Estrange. (S) King John, Church, 1999, P279.
1211, Hugh Pantulf  in possession of the 20 denariates of land in Newport of the gift of King Richard I, in an exchange for 7 librates of land in Stanfold, Herefordshire. (S) Transactions – Shropshire, 1885, P234.
1212, Hugh Pantulf holding 5 knights’ fees in capite. (S) Magna Carta Commemoration Essays, Malden, 2005, P72.
1/1215, 10 marks paid to Henry fitz Count, Hugh Pantulf, and William his brother, by a trusted agent of King John.
1215-18, Hugh Pantulf donated his rights in the church of Badminton to Lilleshall abbey.
10/28/1216, Henry III, age 9, crowned king of England.
Bef. 12/28/1224, Hugh died.
(S) Court, Household and Itinerary of King Henry II, Eyton, 1878. (S) Foundation for Medieval Genealogy.

Family notes:

·         Ivo Pantulf s/o Robert Pantulf.
·         Ivo Pantulf married 2nd Alice de Verdun [mother of Hugh’s brother William.]
·         1130, Ivo Pantulf witnessed a charter of Nicholas, son of Robert de Stafford to Kenilworth priory.
·         1175, ‘Willelmus Purcel et Gaudefridus de Codewalton homines Yvonis Pantolf’ accounting in Staffordshire.
·         Hugh had a sister Amiria, a companion of Eleanor of Aquitaine, Queen of England, received as a gift the manor of Wintreslewe, of which she gave half to the nuns of Amesbury. (S) Eleanor of Aquitaine, Turner, 2009.
·         Hugh held the manor of Stanford, Hertfordshire, for keeping a greyhound [brachet] for the king. (S) Companion Animals, Podberscek, 2005, P52.
·         ~1224, By Rodbert of Wottenhul to Thomas son of William, Chaplain of Prees, of half I virgate of land in Wottenhul … Witnesses: Hugh Pantulf, William Pantulf, … (S) UKNA.

Child of Hugh and Christina:
i. William Pantulf  (8443458), born ~1175 in England.

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