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Tuesday, July 23, 2013

Marquis William d’Arles de Provence & Queen Adelaide-Blanche of Anjou

3025764398. Marquis William d’Arles de Provence & 3025764399. Queen Adelaide-Blanche of Anjou.

~945, William born in d’Arles, s/o §§Comte Boson d´Arles (b.~925, d.968) & Ctss Constantia of Viennois.

949, Provence divided into 4 feudal counties. (S) Provence, Facaros, 2004, P285.

9/12/954, King Lothair succeeded King Louis IV as King of the West Franks.

~947, Adelaide-Blanche of Anjou, d/o §§Comte Foulques II ‘le Bon’ d’Anjou & Ctss Gerberge ?.

5/963, ‘Boso comes et uxor sua Constantia … illorum filii … Willelmus comes, Rotbaldus comes, Pontius juvenis’ signed the charter by which ‘Gencius et uxor mea Aiburga’ donated property to Monmajour, for the souls of ‘seniore meo Bosone et uxor sua quondam.’

5/965, ‘Bosoni comitis, filii Rothboldi quondam’ donated property  acquired by his father to ‘ecclesiam sancte Marie et sancti Stephani Avinionensis’ with consent of ‘eius filio Rothboldo et fratre eius Wilelmo comite.’

967-8, Count Boson and his son William presided over a tribunal. (S) Development of Southern French and Catalan Society, Lewis, 1965, P214.

968, William’s father died.

[–––William & Arsinde–––]

By 970, William married 1st Arsinde ?.

4/970, ‘Wilelmus comes Provincie et coniunx mea Arsinna’ donated property to Saint-Victor de Marseille.

970, William settled Italian count Ugo Blavia near Frejus.

972, The Saracens captured the Abbot of Cluny and took them as hostages to Fraxinet.

972, William of Provence, ‘the liberator’, destroyed the Saracen fortress at Fraxinetum. (S) History of the City of Rome, V3, Gregorovius, 1903, P391.

[–––Adelaide & Etienne–––]

~973, Adelaide-Blanche married 1st to Etienne de Brioude. [2 sons: Pons and Bertrand, 1 daughter Ermengarde.]

973, William defeated the Saracens at the battle of Tourtour.

975, Count William of Provence and Ardoin, Marquess of Turin, drove out Spanish-Saracen pirates from Garde Freinet on the coast of Provence, the last in southern France. (S) A Tale of Two Passes, Putnam, 2008, P121.

[Undated,, bef. death of Etienne]: ‘Stephanus [Etienne] filius quondam Bertrandi et Emildis’ restored property to Saint-Julien de Brioude which he had usurped after his father died, signed by ‘domina Adalaiz [Adelaide] … mariti sui Stephani atque filiorum suorum Poncii et Bertranni [Sons Pons and Bertrand].’

[–––Adelaide & Raymond–––]

~978, Adelaide married 2nd to Raymond IV, comte de Toulouse.

979, William became Count of Arles.

4/17/979, ‘Vuilelmus [William] marchius Arelatense Provintie’ donated property ‘in comitatu Avinionense, in agro Rupiano …" to Saint-Victor, Marseille, signed by ‘Arsinda comitissa’ [Arsinde.]

Raymond died: ‘Adelaidem, Ragemundi nuper defuncti ducis Gothorum uxorem.’

[–––Adelaide & Louis V–––]

982, Louis V of France married Adelaide-Blanche of Anjou [The same day they were crowned King and Queen at Aquitaine. The marriage arranged by King Lothair, Adelaide was much older than Louis.] (S) The Carolingians, Riche, 1993, P265.

984, Louis V divorced Adelaide.

 [–––William & Adelaide–––]

984-85, Adelaide-Blanche married William I ‘le Liberateur’.

3/2/986, King Lothair succeeded by his son King louis V.

5/29/987 at Senlis, Hugh Capet succeeded King Louis V as King of the West Franks.

8/28/990, ‘Willelmus comes’ donated property to Cluny, signed by ‘Rodbaldus comes [William’s brother], Adalaix comitissa, Wilelmus comes et filius eius Wilelmus.’

992, ‘Dominus princeps et marchio istius provinciæ … Willelmus cum coniuge su a… Adelaix et filio suo … Willelmo’ restored property to the abbey of Saint-Césaire d´Arles.

Aft. 8/29/993, William II of Provence died; buried at Sarrians, église de Sainte-Croix.


Adelaide regent for her son.

Aft. 993, ‘Rotbaldus marchio et conjux mea … Eimildis’ donated land to Cluny by signed by ‘Adalax comitissa et filius suus Willelmus.’

10/24/996, King Robert II succeeded his father Hugh as King of the Franks.

1000, ‘duo germani fratres … Pontius, alter Bertrandus’ [Adelaide’s sons by Etienne] donated property to Saint-Chaffre for the souls of ‘patris sui Stephani matrisque nomine Alaicis’.

6/7/1002, Henrich II succeeded as King of Germany.

1002, ‘Rotbaldus comes et coniux mea Ermengarda’ donated land to Monmajour, signed by ‘Willelmus nepos suus … Adalax comitissa.’

1003, ‘Adalaiz comitissa’ donated property to Saint-Victor de Marseille, subscribed by ‘Emma comitissa … Wilelmus comes.’

1/1004, Pope John XVIII succeeded Pope John XVII.

1005, ‘Pontius … Massiliensis ecclesie pontifex’ issued a charter with the consent of ‘… domne Adalaizis comitisse, domnique Guillelmi comitis filii eius.’

9/1016, Pope Benedict VIII refers to ‘domnæ Adeleidi comitissæ cognomento Blanchæ’ in a document.

5/30/1018, ‘Adalax comitissa mater Villelmi quondam Provintie comitis et Geriberga eque comitissa … eiusdem principis olim uxor’ donated property to Saint-Victor de Marseille for the soul of their late son and husband.

1024, ‘Vuilelmus filius Rodbaldi’ donated property to Marseille Saint-Victor, signed by ‘Adalaiz comitissa.’

5/29/1026, Adelaide died; buried Montmajour, near Arles. [On the Mediterrean coast East of Marseille.]

(S) Foundation for Medieval Genealogy.

Children of William and Adelaide:

i. William III of Provence, born 986-7 in Arles, France.

[See above for William in charters with his parents.]

993, William succeeded his father as Comte de Provence.

1002, William married Gerberge de Macon, d/o 3043764992. Comte Otto-William of Burgundy & 3043764992. Ctss Ermentrude de Roucy.

1013, ‘Wilelmus comes Provincie coniugisque mea Girberga cum filio nostro Wilelmo’ donated property to Saint-Victor de Marseille.

Bef. 5/30/1018, William died.

1019, ‘Geriberga comitissa’ donated property to Saint-Victor de Marseille for the soul of ‘senioris mei Guilelmi comitis Provincie.’

ii. Constance of Arles (1512882199), born ~988 in Arles, France.

Monday, June 17, 2013

Medieval Genealogically-Relevant Definitions

Advowson: The right to appoint a priest to a local church.
Armiger: Right to heraldry.
Attained: The family titles could not be passed to the heirs.
Baron: A British nobleman of the lowest rank; William the Conqueror introduced “baron” as a rank into England to distinguish the men who had pledged their loyalty to him. [Previously, in the Anglo-Saxon kingdom of England, the king’s companions held the title of earls.] All who held their barony “in chief of the king” – directly from William and his successors – became alike barones regis (barons of the king), bound to perform a stipulated service, and welcome to attend his council. Before long, the greatest of the nobles, especially in the marches, such as the Earls of Chester or the Bishops of Durham, might refer to their own tenants as barons. There arose the practice of sending to each greater baron a special summons to the council that evolved into the House of Lords. Thus appeared a definite distinction, which eventually had the effect of restricting to the greater barons the rights and privileges of peerage. The King of England could create a new barony in one of two ways: by a writ of summons directing someone to Parliament, or by letters patent.
“By writ”: title was inheritable through male and female lines.
Commissioner of oyer and terminer: a French law name for a person “to hear and determine”, or judge according to law.
Duke: a nobleman of the highest hereditary rank below that of prince; the only English noble who is usually addressed by his title.
Earl: a British peer ranking below a marquess and above a viscount.
Escheats: Land or other property that falls to a lord within his manor by forfeiture or death.
Esquires: The king created esquires by putting the collar of SS and bestowing upon them a pair of silver spurs … The distinction of esquire was given to persons of fortune not attendant upon knights.
Fee: An estate, completely owned by a person, which can be sold or given as an inheritance by that person; an estate held by a lord to be given when service has been performed or homage paid.
Feoffment: a transfer of property that gave the new owner the right to sell the land as well as the right to pass it on to his heirs.
Gaol: ancient word for “jail”.
Hide: land that supported a family in the early medieval period; later used to define areas of land.
Inspeximus: The confirmation of a royal grant or charter.
K.B.: Knight banneret, a knight fighting under his own banner.
Knight of the Garter.: Knight of the Order of the Garter; founded by King Edward III.
Knight: The knight generally held his lands by military tenure; thus knight service was a military service, usually 40 days a year, normally expected by an overlord in exchange for each fief held by a knight. A knight fighting under another’s banner was called a knight bachelor. Knighthood was not hereditary.
Magna Carta Baron; a permanent commission of 25 Barons to monitor King John’s compliance with the magna Carta terms; the “security clause.”
Marquess: A nobleman ranking below a duke and above an earl or a count; means lord of the marches (borders), a title unknown in England before 1385.
Mesne lord: a feudal lord who was lord to his own tenants on land held from a superior lord.
Quitclaim: To relinquish, release, or transfer a title, claim, or interest to another.
Viscount: A nobleman ranking below an earl or count and above a baron.

Yoeman: A farmer who cultivates his own land, especially a member of a former class of small freeholders.

Sunday, April 28, 2013

am fitz Peter de Birkin & Maud de Cauz

378254212. Adam fitz Peter de Birkin & 378254213. Maud de Cauz

~1160, Matilda d/o §Robert de Cauz & Sybil Basset.
1186, Matilda’s father died.
1194, Adam fitz Peter had a duel [likely by proxy] with Simon de Lascelles over 24 carcuates of land at Birkin. Adam was victorius. (S) Thoresby Society, V9, 1899, P49.
5/27/1199, John succeeded King Richard I of England.
1207, Adam fitz Peter de Birkin died.
10/28/1216, Henry III, age 9, crowned king of England.
1221, Matilda gave 700£ for seisin of her paternal lands.
1223, Matila married 2nd Ralph fitz Stephen, being dowered with Winterburn in Gloucestershire.
Bef. 5/25/1224, Matilda died.
(S) Miscellanea of Thoresby Society, V41, 1954.
Family notes:
·         Constance de Cauz, sister of Matilda, married Adam’s brother Thomas fitz Peter de Leeds.
·         Robert de Caux [died 1186] s/o Robert de Caux [died 1131] & Anneis ?; s/o Geoffrey Aselin [died 1108-09].
·         Adam fitz Peter aka: “Adam de Falthwaite” and “Adam fitz Peter fitz Asolf”, in early charters; “Adam fitz Peter de Birkin” in later charters.
·         Adam de Birkin appears in many charters, the earliest, after 1131, as a witness [as Adam s/o Peter fitz Essolf] to the founding of the Drax by William Paganell.

Child of Adam and Maud:
i. John de Birkin (189127106), born ~1180 in England.

Wednesday, February 6, 2013

Sir John de Birkin of Yorkshire & Johanna ?

189127106. Sir John de Birkin & 189127107. Johanna ?

~1180, John born in England, s/o 378254212. Adam fitz Peter & 378254213. Maud de Caux.
1186, John’s maternal grandfather died.
5/27/1199, John succeeded King Richard I of England.
1207, John’s father died; John inheriting Falthwait through his mother. (S) Chartulary of St. John of Pontefract, 1902, P603.
1207, John de Birkin confirmed the gifts of his father to the monks of Pontefract. (S) Miscellanea – Thoresby Society, V41, 1954, P49. [At this time his wife is Johanna.]
1208, Maurice, grandson of Robert de Gant, sued John de Birkin for the vills of Cottingley, Cullingworth, Halton and Harden. (S) West Yorkshire, Moorhouse, 1981, P324.
1208-09, John de Birkin a witness to the Langbaurgh charter of Peter de Brus; an agreement with his Cleveland tenants. (S) The Brus Family, Blakely, 2005, P56.
1209, Maurice de Gant, the chief lord of Bingley, recognised the right of Thomas de Mohaut to hold 6 bovates in Marley from John de Birkin. (S) West Yorkshire, Moorhouse, 1981, P327.
1212, John de Birkin held inquests of the forests in the north of England. (S) Taxation in Medieval England, Mitchell, 1971, P73.
1213, William de Stapleton, a knight of John, constable of Chester, Jordan Foliot, John de Birkin, and 17 other knights are bound to King John for John’s payment of 7,000 marks dur from Robert his father. (S) Thoresby Society, Vs1-2, 1891, P514.
10/28/1216, Henry III, age 9, crowned king of England.
8/1218, ‘Rex Willelmo de Tametun, Johanni de Birkin, … constituimus vos justiciarios nostros ad assisam nove dissaisine capiendam, …’ (S) CPRs.
1218-19, Walter de Percy claims from the prioress of Sinningthwaite two  bovates of arable with the appurtenances in Marton-le-Moor as his right etc., and those [bovates] in which the same prioress has no entry except through John de Birkin and his wife Agnes the mother of this Walter whose inheritance the land was, who made that gift to the prioress while the same Anges lay on her death-bed in the illness of which she died. (S) Baker and Milson Sources of English Legal History, Baker, 2010, P20.
1220, John de Birkin witnessed a charter of Amabilia, sister and heir of Jordan de Insula; a confirmation to the church of Selby. (S) Yorkshire Arch. Journal, V11, 1891, P461.
6/1221, ‘Johannes de Birkin, Marmaducus de Tueng, Willelmus de Tametun, Jordanus Heirun, constituti sunt justiciarii ad assisam nove dissaisine capiendam …’ (S) CPRs.
9/30/1221, Order to take into the king’s hand without delay all of the king’s demesne lands, namely those demesnes of which King John, the king’s father, was seised at the beginning of the war between him and his barons. John de Birkin, Robert de Percy, Marmaduke of Thwing and Nicholas Basset to support the sheriff of Yorkshire. (S) FRsHIII.
3/28/1223, Yorkshire. The prior and monks of Selby give the king 20 m. for having custody of their abbey for as long as it pleases the king with the lands, rents and other possessions of the same abbey, by the view of John of Birkin. … Order to John of Birkin to see that the prior and cellarer are to keep it, as aforesaid, and that the monks and servants of the house are to have their reasonable maintenance, as they are accustomed and ought to have it, without excess or waste. (S) FRsHIII.
1223, John de Birkin, sheriff of Yorkshire. (S) History and Antiquities of Selby, Morrell, 1867, P70.
7/1223, ‘Johannes de Birkin, Adam de Novo Mercato, … assignati sunt justiciarii ad assisam nove dissaisine capiendam …’ (S) CPRs.
1224, John’s mother died.
5/25/1224, To Robert of Lexington. John of Birkin, heir of Matilda de Caux, has made fine with the king by 300 m. for his relief of the lands formerly of Matilda that fall to John by inheritance, and, similarly, for having custody of the forest of Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire, which falls to him by inheritance, and the king has taken his homage. (S) FRsHIII.
1225, Eboracum. {Robertus de Ros, J. constabularius Cestrie, tamquan superiores, Adam de Novo Mercato, Johannes de Birkin, … } in crastina medie quadragesime … (S) CPRs.
1225, John de Birkin witnessed a grant from William de Nevill to Richard de Mirfield of a bovate of land in Lepton. (S) Yorkshire Arch. Journal, 1882, P410.
1227, Idem … assisam nove dissaisine capiendam … Galfridus Pincerna aramiavit versus Johannem de Birkin … (S) CPRs.
Bef. 10/22/1227, John died. (S) Coucher Book of the Cistercian Abbey of Kerkstall, 1904, P1.

Family notes:

·         John appeared in numerous charters by his father, giving consent to the alienation of family property. (S) Rievaulx Abbey, Jamroziak, 2005, P97.
·         Agnes de Flamvile is sometimes given as wife of John. Agnes was the wife of John de Birkin, uncle of this John. (S) Thoresby Society, V9, 1899, P49. [The records earlier than 1207 of ‘John de Birkin’ are assumed to be that of this John.]

Children of John and Johanna:
i. Thomas de Birkin, born ? in England.

Thomas married Joan ?.
Bef. 10/22/1227, Nottinghamshire. Thomas of Birkin, son and heir of John of Birkin, has made fine with the king by 200 m. for having seisin of the lands formerly of John that fall to him by hereditary right, with the bailiwick of the forest of Sherwood. (S) FRsHIII.
By 9/1230, Thomas died; his sister Isabel his heir. [The following December, Henry de Lonchamps gave 50 marks the marriage of Thomas’ wife Joan.] (S) FRsHIII.

ii. Isabel de Birkin (94563553), born ~1210 in England.

Sunday, January 6, 2013

High-Sheriff Hugh Pantulf & Christina FitzAlan

16886916. High-Sheriff Hugh Pantulf & 16886917. Christina FitzAlan

~1150, Hugh born in England, s/o §Ivo Pantulf.
~1153, Christina born in England, d/o 378236416.  William Fitz Alan & 16886917. Christina ?, [Neice of Robert the Consul, earl of Gloucester].
12/19/1154, Henry II succeeded King Stephen of England.
Bef. 6/24/1170, Hugh married Christina. (S) Barons of the Welsh Frontier, Meisel, 1980, P28.
6/24/1170, King Henry II authorised deduction from the FitzAlan estates of revenue from the manor of Badminton,  assigned as the marriage portion of William fitz Alan´s daughter.
1175, Hugh’s father died.
7/1175, Hugh Pantulf witnessed a royal charter of King Henry II to Roger Mussun.
1176-79, A charter for the sale of ‘terram … de Wogheresforlong et de Dorfaut’, witnessed by ‘Hugone Pantun, Hamelino fratre eius, Bricio fratre eius.’
1179, Hugh, sheriff of Shropshire.
1186, Hugh Pantulf, sheriff of Shropshire. (S) Reading in Medieval History, Geary, 2010, P723.
7/17/1186, at Feckenham, Hugh Pantulf witnessed a royal charter of King Henry II to Hughmond abbey, Shropshire.
8/13/1186, Hugh Pantulf, Robert Marmion, Ralph de Ardern, William fitz Stephen and Thomas Noel, justiciars in session at Litchfiield, Staffordshire.
6/14/1188 at Gaitinton, Final concord … Hugh, bishop of Durham; … Rannulf de Glanville; William de Humez; Bertram de Verdun; … Hugh Pantulf. (S) Hugh de Puiset – Bishop of Durham, Scammell, 2011, P284.
2/8/1189, William fitz Alan, Thomas Noel, Hugh Pantulf, … sitting justices at Salop. (S) Antiquities, V6, P368.
9/3/1189, Richard I succeeded King Henry II of England.
9/1189, William fitz Alan replaced Hugh Pantulf as sheriff of Shropshire. (S) Collections – Staffordshire, V2, 1881, P152.
1197, A release from marriage of Thomas de Erdington witnessed by ‘Willelmo filio Alani, Hugone Pantolfe, Roberto Corbet, Johanne Extraneo, Radulfo Basset … William Bagot.’
5/27/1199, John succeeded King Richard I of England.
1203, Hugh Pantulf a pledge for William the Reeve of Ercall for a fine one mark for an inquest. (S) Select Pleas of the Crown, Maitland, 1888, P35.
8/10/1204, Robert Corbet and Hugh Pantulf appointed by King John to escourt Wenunwin de Kevelloc to England.
11/3/1207, At King John’s court at Malmesbury, William fitz Alan, Hugh Pantulf, and John le Strange witnessed an agreement with Wenhunwyn son of Hoen de Keveliac.
10/28/1208, at Shrewsbury, Gwenwynwyn of Powys required to give 20 named hostages for his life, witnessed by marcher barons William fitz Alan, Robert Corbet, Hugh Pantulf, and John L’Estrange. (S) King John, Church, 1999, P279.
1211, Hugh Pantulf  in possession of the 20 denariates of land in Newport of the gift of King Richard I, in an exchange for 7 librates of land in Stanfold, Herefordshire. (S) Transactions – Shropshire, 1885, P234.
1212, Hugh Pantulf holding 5 knights’ fees in capite. (S) Magna Carta Commemoration Essays, Malden, 2005, P72.
1/1215, 10 marks paid to Henry fitz Count, Hugh Pantulf, and William his brother, by a trusted agent of King John.
1215-18, Hugh Pantulf donated his rights in the church of Badminton to Lilleshall abbey.
10/28/1216, Henry III, age 9, crowned king of England.
Bef. 12/28/1224, Hugh died.
(S) Court, Household and Itinerary of King Henry II, Eyton, 1878. (S) Foundation for Medieval Genealogy.

Family notes:

·         Ivo Pantulf s/o Robert Pantulf.
·         Ivo Pantulf married 2nd Alice de Verdun [mother of Hugh’s brother William.]
·         1130, Ivo Pantulf witnessed a charter of Nicholas, son of Robert de Stafford to Kenilworth priory.
·         1175, ‘Willelmus Purcel et Gaudefridus de Codewalton homines Yvonis Pantolf’ accounting in Staffordshire.
·         Hugh had a sister Amiria, a companion of Eleanor of Aquitaine, Queen of England, received as a gift the manor of Wintreslewe, of which she gave half to the nuns of Amesbury. (S) Eleanor of Aquitaine, Turner, 2009.
·         Hugh held the manor of Stanford, Hertfordshire, for keeping a greyhound [brachet] for the king. (S) Companion Animals, Podberscek, 2005, P52.
·         ~1224, By Rodbert of Wottenhul to Thomas son of William, Chaplain of Prees, of half I virgate of land in Wottenhul … Witnesses: Hugh Pantulf, William Pantulf, … (S) UKNA.

Child of Hugh and Christina:
i. William Pantulf  (8443458), born ~1175 in England.