Tuesday, July 23, 2013

G33: 6051528792 Duke Hugh of France

6051528792. Hugues, Duc des Francs & 6051528793. Hedwig of Germany

~895, Hugues born in France, s/o §Robert I, King of France & Beatrix de Vermandois.
914, Hugues recognized as the heir to his father’s lands.
[–––Hugues & Judith–––]
914, Hugues married Judith, d/o Robert, comte du Maine & Rothilde [Carolingian.]
922, ‘Rotbertus’ sent ‘filium suum Hugonem’ with an army of Franks ‘in regnum Lotharii ... propter Capraemontum Gislberti castrum’ where he relieved the siege led by King Charles III.
923 at Soissons, Hugues with his father in battle against Charles III. Hugues’ father killed in the battle. Hugues and Herbert of Vermandois went on the win the battle. [Charles III was later captured and imprisoned by Herbert. Charles’ son, Louis, escaped overseas to England.]
7/13/923, Hugues declined the succession to the kingdom of France; Raoul, duke of Burgundy [married to his sister Emma], being elected King.
923, Hugues chose a life in the clergy, becoming the Abbot of Saint-Marint. [From which it is believed he became called ‘Capet’ for the hood worn by lay abbots.]
924, The Vikings and Normans made a series of raids on west France, attacking Hugues at Blois and Angers.
924-5, Hugh and King Raoul attacked the invading Vikings-Normans at Nantes. (S) History of the Vikings, Kendrick, 2004, P224.
925, Hugh the Great negotiated a [short-lived] truce with the Normans which excluded the lands of Adalulf of Boulogne, Arnulf of Flanders, Raoul de Gouy, and Helgaud of Ponthieu: ‘Hugo, filius Rotberti, pactum securitatis accepit a Nordmannis, …’ [All named persons had fought with King Raoul against the Normans.]
926, ‘l´abbé Hugues’ granted ‘la ville de Mons … dans le pays de Melun’ to ‘la reine Emma sa sœur, fille du roi Robert.’
926, Hugh the Great sent an embassy led by Adalulf of Boulogne to negotiate a marriage with the sister of Adalulf’s cousin, King Athelstan of Wessex.
[–––Hugues & Eadhild–––]
926, Hughes married Eadhild, d/o Edward I ‘the Elder’, King of Wessex & Ælfleda ?. [Hugues sent gifts to King Æthelstan including spices, jewels, horses, 3 holy relics, and a gold crown.]
927, Hugh the Great attacked the Vikings in Brittany. After 5 weeks, the Vikings agreed to a truce, giving hostages, and being allowed to remain in control of Nantes. (S) History of the Vikings, Kendrick, 2004, P224.
929, King Charles III died a prisoner.
930, Count Hugh I of Maine witnessed a charter of dux Hugh the Great. (S) Lordship in the County of Maine, Barton, 2004, P82.
3/26/931, ‘Hugo rector Abbatiæ sancti Martini’ names ‘genitoris nostri Rotberti quondam regis ac genitricis nostræ domnæ Beatricis.’
931, Hugh supported King Raoul against Hebert de Vermandois, burning his fortress of Chateau-Thierry. [Herbert being Hugh’s brother-in-law.]
934, Hugues’ sister Queen Emma died. (S) Collected Historical Works, Palgrave, 1919, P77.
935, Hugues a participant in the defensive treaty between Burgundy, France and Germany against the Hungarians. [The Hungarians from east Asia had advanced as far as Toulouse, and threatened Burgundy.]
1/15/936, On the death of King Raoul, Hugues once more declined succession. Hugues negotiated the return from England of the Carolingian Prince Louis [his wife’s nephew], son of King Charles III. [Hugues was count of Paris; lord of Neustria; held the counties of Paris, Etampes, Tours, Angers, Poitiers and Orleans; and was the ‘pagi’ of Blois, Chartres and Chateaudun; overlord of Normandy, Vendome, Dreux, Meulan and Beauvais; and held lands in Berry and Maine.]
6/19/936, Louis d’Outremer [‘from overseas’] crowned King Louis IV of the west Franks. [The same year the coronation of Otto I King of the east Franks.]
7/936, Hugues and King Louis [age 16] attacked Hugh the Black at Langres, and forced him to cede the counties of Langres, Troyes and Sens.
7/25/936, Royal charter subscribed by Hugues, ‘dux francorum/Duc des Francs,’ identified by the king as ‘notre second dans tous nos royaumes.’
12/25/936, Royal charter subscribed by Hugues, ‘dux francorum/Duc des Francs.’
[–––Hugues & Hedwig–––]
5/9/937, Hughes married Hedwig; d/o §Heinrich I, King of Germany & Mathilde Immedinger. [Sister of Otto I, King of the east Franks.]
9/14/1137, ‘Hugues abbé de Saint-Martin’ donated ‘son alleu de Lach y… dans le comté de Meaux’, inherited from ‘comte Aledramnus’, to Tours Saint-Martin which names ‘sa femme Havis.’
938, Flodoard refers to ‘sororem Othonis regis Transfhenensis, filiam Heinrici’ as the wife of ‘Hugo princeps, filius Roberti’, without naming her, recording their marriage.
938, Hugues lost Laon to King Louis IV.
9/939, Hugh the Great entered into a compact with Otto I of the east Franks, Herbert of Vermandois, William Longsword of Normandy, and Arnulf of Flanders against King Louis IV. (S) Cambridge Medieval History, V3, Bury.
940, Hugues Capet and Herbert II of Vermandois captured Reims.
941, Hugues defeated King Louis IV in battle, who took refuge in Vienne.
942, William Longsword, duke of Normandy, assassinated; succeeded by a minor. [William s/o Rollo the Viking.]
942, Hugues Capet, Herbert II of Vermandois and Otto I allied [temporarily] against Louis IV. [Then another sister of Hedwig and Otto, Gerberga, married King Louis IV.]
942-3, Otto I instrumental in bringing peace between Hugh Capet and King Louis IV.
943, Herbert II of Vermandois died [succeeded by a minor.]
943, King Louis gave suzerainty of all of French Burgundy to Hugh the Great [making Hugh the Black his vassal.]
944, Hugues, Duc des Francs, supported [temporarily] King Louis’ attack on Normandy [having been offered Bayeux if it was captured.] King Louis then negotiated with the Normans a deal that would not gain Hughes the town of Bayeux.
945, King Louis and Herluin of Ponthieu attacked the forces of Hugh and Herbert le Vieux, count of Omois, at Reims.
945, Hugues, Duc des Francs, [possibly] involved in the capture King Louis IV by the Normans at Rouen; and helped Richard I of Normandy regain Rouen.
945, Hugues rescued King Louis, but had Theobald of Chartres hold him captive.
7/946, Hugues released King Louis who ceded him Laon.
946, King Louis recaptured Reims from Hugh.
947, Hugues summoned to a church council at Verdun but did not attend. [All the bishops attending were from opponent alliances.]
947-8, Hugues Capet [unsuccessfully] besieged Reims.
947, Hugues summoned to a church council at Mouzon but did not attend.
948, Hugues excommunicated for failing to attend the councils.
949, King Louis recaptured Laon from Hugh.
950, Hugues besieged Amiens.
950, Hugues made peace with the church and submitted to King Louis IV as his overlord. Hugues got Laon, except the citadel; and Louis got Reims.
952, Hugh the Black died; his Burgundy lands given to Count Giselbert.
953, Hugues renewed his submission to King Louis IV as his overlord.
9/12/954, King Lothair succeeded King Louis IV as King of the West Franks.
4/956, Duc Hugues, also lord of Aquitaine, succeeded Duke Giselbert as Duke of Burgundy.
956, Hugh arranged for Richard I of Normandy, betrothed to his daughter Emma, to be the guardian of his son Hugh Capet.
6/16/956, Hugues ‘the Great’ died; buried église de l'Abbaye royale de Saint-Denis.
[–––Hedwig–––]
958, ‘rex [Hugh] et mater sua et Ugo filius Ugonis et mater sua’ attended a hearing ‘apud Marziacum vicum iuxta Nevernis … contra Guillelmum comitem Aquitaniæ post missa sancti Martini.’
(S) Foundation for Medieval Genealogy. (S) The Capetians, Bradbury, 2007. (S) Families, Friends and Allies, Tanner, 2004.
Family notes:
·         920, Robert of Neustria with Gilbert of Lorraine defeated Charles III ‘the Simple’ in battle.
·         922, Robert of Neustria defeated Charles III ‘the Simple’ in battle.
·         6/29/922, Robert of of Neustria elected King Robert I of France.
·         923, Charles III challenged Robert in battle at Soissons. Charles was defeated, but Robert was killed.
Child of Hugues and Hedwig:

i. Beatrix of France, born ? in France.

954, Beatrix married Frederic I, duke of Upper Lotharingia.
7/978, Frederick died.
1003, Beatrix died.

ii. Hugh Capet (3025764396), born 940 in France.

G32: 3025764398 Arles-Provence-Anjou

3025764398. William, comte d’Arles and Marquis de Provence & 3025764399. Adelaide-Blanche of Anjou.

William born in d’Arles, s/o §Boson, comte d´Arles & Constantia of Viennois.
Adelaide-Blanche of Anjou, d/o §Foulques I ‘le Roux’ Comte d'Anjou & Roscille de Loches.
949, Provence divided into 4 feudal counties. (S) Provence, Facaros, 2004, P285.
9/12/954, King Lothair succeeded King Louis IV as King of the West Franks.
 [–––Adelaide & Etienne–––]
~960, Adelaide married 1st to Etienne de Brioude. [2 sons: Pons and Bertrand 1 daughter Ermengarde.]
5/963, ‘Boso comes et uxor sua Constantia … illorum filii … Willelmus comes, Rotbaldus comes, Pontius juvenis’ signed the charter by which ‘Gencius et uxor mea Aiburga’ donated property to Monmajour, for the souls of ‘seniore meo Bosone et uxor sua quondam.’
5/965, ‘Bosoni comitis, filii Rothboldi quondam’ donated property  acquired by his father to ‘ecclesiam sancte Marie et sancti Stephani Avinionensis’ with consent of ‘eius filio Rothboldo et fratre eius Wilelmo comite.’
967-8, Count Boson and his son William presided over a tribunal. (S) Development of Southern French and Catalan Society, Lewis, 1965, P214.
968, William’s father died.
[–––William & Arsinde–––]
William married 1st Arsinde ?.
4/970, ‘Wilelmus comes Provincie et coniunx mea Arsinna’ donated property to Saint-Victor de Marseille.
970, William settled Italian count Ugo Blavia near Frejus.
972, The Saracens captured the Abbot of Cluny and took them as hostages to Fraxinet.
972, William of Provence, ‘the liberator’, destroyed the Saracen fortress at Fraxinetum. (S) History of the City of Rome, V3, Gregorovius, 1903, P391.
973, William defeated the Saracens at the battle of Tourtour.
975, Count William of Provence and Ardoin, Marquess of Turin, drove out Spanish-Saracen pirates from Garde Freinet on the coast of Provence, the last in southern France. (S) A Tale of Two Passes, Putnam, 2008, P121.
[Undated,, bef. death of Etienne]: ‘Stephanus [Etienne] filius quondam Bertrandi et Emildis’ restored property to Saint-Julien de Brioude which he had usurped after his father died, signed by ‘domina Adalaiz [Adelaide] … mariti sui Stephani atque filiorum suorum Poncii et Bertranni [Sons Pons and Bertrand].’
[–––Adelaide & Raymond–––]
~976, Adelaide married 2nd to Raymond IV, comte de Toulouse.
979, William became Count of Arles.
4/17/979, ‘Vuilelmus [William] marchius Arelatense Provintie’ donated property ‘in comitatu Avinionense, in agro Rupiano …" to Saint-Victor, Marseille, signed by ‘Arsinda comitissa’ [Arsinde.]
Raymond died: ‘Adelaidem, Ragemundi nuper defuncti ducis Gothorum uxorem.’
[–––Adelaide & Louis–––]
982, Louis V of France married Adelaide-Blanche of Anjou [The same day they were crowned King and Queen at Aquitaine. The marriage arranged by King Lothair, Adelaide was much older than Louis.] (S) The Carolingians, Riche, 1993, P265.
984, Louis V divorced Adelaide.
 [–––William & Adelaide–––]
By 986, Adelaide-Blanche married William I ‘le Liberateur’.
3/2/986, King Lothair succeeded by his son King louis V.
5/29/987 at Senlis, Hugh Capet succeeded King Louis V as King of the West Franks.
8/28/990, ‘Willelmus comes’ donated property to Cluny, signed by ‘Rodbaldus comes [William’s brother], Adalaix comitissa, Wilelmus comes et filius eius Wilelmus.’
992, ‘Dominus princeps et marchio istius provinciæ … Willelmus cum coniuge su a… Adelaix et filio suo … Willelmo’ restored property to the abbey of Saint-Césaire d´Arles.
Aft. 8/29/993, William II of Provence died; buried at Sarrians, église de Sainte-Croix.
[–––Adelaide–––]
Adelaide regent for her son.
Aft. 993, ‘Rotbaldus marchio et conjux mea … Eimildis’ donated land to Cluny by signed by ‘Adalax comitissa et filius suus Willelmus.’
10/24/996, King Robert II succeeded his father Hugh as King of the Franks.
1000, ‘duo germani fratres … Pontius, alter Bertrandus’ [Adelaide’s sons by Etienne] donated property to Saint-Chaffre for the souls of ‘patris sui Stephani matrisque nomine Alaicis’.
6/7/1002, Henrich II succeeded as King of Germany.
1002, ‘Rotbaldus comes et coniux mea Ermengarda’ donated land to Monmajour, signed by ‘Willelmus nepos suus … Adalax comitissa.’
1003, ‘Adalaiz comitissa’ donated property to Saint-Victor de Marseille, subscribed by ‘Emma comitissa … Wilelmus comes.’
1/1004, Pope John XVIII succeeded Pope John XVII.
1005, ‘Pontius … Massiliensis ecclesie pontifex’ issued a charter with the consent of ‘… domne Adalaizis comitisse, domnique Guillelmi comitis filii eius.’
9/1016, Pope Benedict VIII refers to ‘domnæ Adeleidi comitissæ cognomento Blanchæ’ in a document.
5/30/1018, ‘Adalax comitissa mater Villelmi quondam Provintie comitis et Geriberga eque comitissa … eiusdem principis olim uxor’ donated property to Saint-Victor de Marseille for the soul of their late son and husband.
1024, ‘Vuilelmus filius Rodbaldi’ donated property to Marseille Saint-Victor, signed by ‘Adalaiz comitissa.’
5/29/1026, Adelaide died; buried Montmajour, near Arles.
(S) Foundation for Medieval Genealogy.
Family notes:
·         Boson, s/o §Rotbald I.
·         Adelaide-Blanche of Anjou, sister of Geoffrey d’Anjou, and aunt of Fulk III Nerra of Anjou.
Children of William and Adelaide:

i. William III of Provence, born 986-7 in Arles, France.

[See above for William in charters with his parents.]
993, William succeeded his father as Comte de Provence.
1002, William married Gerberge de Macon, d/o Otto-William, Count of Burgundy & Ermentrude de Roucy [sister of Rainald I of Burgundy.]
1013, ‘Wilelmus comes Provincie coniugisque mea Girberga cum filio nostro Wilelmo’ donated property to Saint-Victor de Marseille.
Bef. 5/30/1018, William died.
1019, ‘Geriberga comitissa’ donated property to Saint-Victor de Marseille for the soul of ‘senioris mei Guilelmi comitis Provincie.’

ii. Constance of Arles (1512882199), born ~989 in Arles, France.

G32: 3025764396 Hugh Capet, King of France

3025764396. Hugh Capet, King of the Franks & 3025764397. Adelaide of Poitou

940, Hugh born in France, s/o 6051528792. Hugues, Duc des Francs & 6051528793. Hedwig of Germany.
9/12/954, King Lothair succeeded King Louis IV as King of the West Franks. [Lothair and Hugh were 1st cousins, their mothers were sisters.]
956, Richard I of Normandy named as the guardian of Hugh. [Richard betrothed to Hugh’s sister Emma.]
6/16/956, Hugh’s father died; Hugh a minor.
956, Hugues suceeded as Count of Paris, and to Orleans, Senlis, and Dreaux; and all of Nuestria.
956, Hugh’s brother created ‘Henri, Duc des Burgundy’ by King Lothair. [After the death of Henri without heirs, Hugh’s son Robert would eventually conquer Burgundy.]
958, ‘rex [Hugh] et mater sua et Ugo filius Ugonis et mater sua’ attended a hearing ‘apud Marziacum vicum iuxta Nevernis … contra Guillelmum comitem Aquitaniæ post missa sancti Martini.’
960, Hugh installed as Duc des Francs/dux Francorum by Lothaire, King of the West Franks.
2/2/962, Otto I, King of Germany, crowned ‘Emperor of the Romans’ in Rome. [Otto I the uncle of both King Lothair and Hugh Capet, being the brother of both of their mothers.]
968, Richard I of Normandy [married to Hugh’s sister Emma] recognized Hugh Capet as his overlord.
5/7/973, Otto II succeeded Otto I as Holy Roman Emperor. [Otto II age 18 at the death of his father.]
974, Duc Hugh the primary ruler of West France under King Lothair.
977, Duc Hugh gave the towns of Couvin, Fraisne, Nîme, Eve and Bens [Belgium] as her dowry on the marriage of his daughter Hedwige [Avoie] to Reginar IV, comte de Hainaut.
978, Duc Hugh commanded the army which retook the kingdom of Lotharingia from Otto II King of Germany.
980, King Lothair, without Hugh’s input, made a peace agreement with King Otto II of Germany.
981, Duc Hugh became an ally of Otto II.
5/981, Duke Hugh Capet captured Montreuil from Arnulf II of Flanders. (S) Friends, Family and Allies, Tanner, 2004, P42.
981 at Amiens, Saint Valery appeared to Hugh in a dream and told him ‘thy children shall be kings to the seventh generation.’ (S) Pictorial Ancient History of the World, Frost, 1846, P180. [Hugh had translated the relics of the Saint personally on his shoulders.]
12/7/983, Otto II King of Germany died; leaving a 3-year old as his successor. King Lothair attacked Lotharingia; but Duke Hugh refused to participate.
984, Duke Hugh sent his son Robert to school at Reims. (S) Rethinking France, V4, Nora, 2010, P10.
5/985 at Compiegne, King Lothair tried Archbishop Aldalbero of Reims for treason. Duke Hugh arrived with a army, rescued the archbishop, and dispersed the assembly.
985, Hugues’ widowed sister Beatrice, intervened with Hugues over the capture of her son by French troops during the siege of Verdun, and actively attempted to resolve the Franco/German conflict over Lotharingia by diplomatic means.
3/2/986, King Lothair succeeded by his son King louis V.
5/22/987 at Compiegne, During another trial of Archbishop Aldalbero of Reims for treason, King Louis V died [end of the Carolingian line.] Duke Hugh took charge of the assembly and declared the archbishop aquitted.
5/29/987 at Senlis, Hugh succeeded King Louis V. [The election opposed by Charles, Duke of Lotharingia, Louis V’s uncle. Hugh easily won with the support of Archbishop Aldalbero of Reims and Baldwin IV of Flanders.]
6/1/987, King Hugh ‘Capet’ crowned at Noyon.
7/3/987, King Hugh consecrated at Reims. [The kingdom of France existed as 15 independently-governed principalities.]
12/25/987, Robert II designated as heir to his father. [Hugh wanted to ensure ‘Capet’ succession without an election.]
4/1/988, Robert II crowned at the cathedral of Sainte-Croix in Orléans [‘rex designatus’ King of the Franks – the beginning of a Capetian tradition to crown the eldest son before the death of the father.]
5/988, Charles Duke of Lotharingia captured Laon [and then Reims] from King Hugh.
988, By arrangement of King Hugh, Robert II married Rosalie di Ivrea [who was quickly repudiated.]
5/988, At the court of King Hugh at Braine-le-Compte, King Hugh Capet championed Baldwin IV’s succession in Flanders, which was challenged by his cousin Count Arnulf of Gent.
988, By arrangement of King Hugh, his son Robert II married widow Rosalie di Ivrea. Rosalie was given Montreuil-sur-Mer by the county of Flanders as her dowry.
989, Hugh traveled to Reims to see Archbishop Aldalbero, who had become ill. Hugh arrived the day the archbishop died. Hugh appointed Arnulf, s/o King Lothair, and nephew of Charles, Duke of Lotharingia, as archbishop – hoping to appease Charles.
990, A peace agreement between King Hugues of France, and Duke William IV of Aquitaine and Odo I of Blois.
990-1, Archbishop Arnulf arranged for his uncle Charles, Duke of Lotharingia, to capture Reims.
3/29/991 at Laon, King Hugh captured Charles, Duke of Lotharingia, and his supporter, Arnulf, archbishop of Reims, with the help of Ascelin, bishop of Laon. [Charles, Duke of Lotharingia, died in prison the same year.]
6/991, King Hugh invoked a synod at Reims [in the abbey of St-Basile at Vierzy] which deposed Arnulf. Hugh replaced Arnulf with Gerbert of Aurillac.
991, King Hugh Capet gave Odo of Blois the county of Dreux. (S) Capetians, Bradbury, 2007, P77.
991-2, King Hugh of France, with Fulk Nerra, Bouchard of Vendome, and Richard, count of Normandy, captured Melun and Chateaudun [where the defeated were treated severely].
992, King Hugh and Pope John XV in conflict over the appointment of Gerbert of Aurillac at Reims. [This appointment would not acceptable because it was made by a ‘French’ council of Bishops.]
993 at Chelles, King Hugh called a new council and re-affirmed the appointment of Gerbert of Aurillac at Reims.
4-5/993, Odo I of Blois and Bishop Adalbero of Laon arranged a meeting at Metz with King Hugh of France and his son Robert, intending to take them prisoner [which was unsuccessful because the conspiracy was uncovered by the King].
993, King Hugh of France encourged Fulk Nerra of Anjou to attack Brittany and Touraine. (S) Cambridge Medieval History, Reuter, 1999, P391.
9/994, King Hugh of France supported Fulk Nerra’s campaigning by relieving the siege of Langeais by Odo I of Blois.
7/4/995, King Hugh’s nemesis Odo I of Blois died.
10/24/996, King Hugh died at villa ‘Les Juifs’, near Prasville, Eure-et-Loire; returning from a pilgrimage to the tomb of Saint Maieul; buried église de l'Abbaye royale de Saint-Denis.
6/15/1004, Adelaide died.
(S) Foundation for Medieval Genealogy. (S) The Capetians, Bradbury, 2007.
Family notes:
·         Adelaide is usually given as d/o William III ‘Tête d’Etoupes’, aka ‘William I, comte de Poitou.’ However, there is strong circumstantial evidence that William IV was not her brother.
Child of Hugh and Adelaide:

i. Robert II of France (1512882198), born 3/27/972 at Château de Melun in France.

Sunday, July 21, 2013

G32: 3025764392 Arnulf II of Flanders

3025764392. Arnolf II of Flanders & 3025764393. Rosalie di Ivrea

9/12/954, King Lothair succeeded King Louis IV as King of the West Franks.
959, Arunlf’s parents married: ‘Baldwin, in the flower of youth most distinguished, with recently betrothed wife named Matilda, of Saxon descent, distinguished equally by nobility.’
By 960, Rosalie born in Italy, d/o §Berenger II, King of Italy & Willa of Tuscany-Arles. [Rosalie educated at the imperial palace in Germany.]
961, Arnolf born in Flanders, s/o §Baldwin III of Flanders & Maud Billung.
962, Arnolf’s father died of smallpox.
963, Arnulf’s grandfather, Arnulf I [who had William Longsword, duke of Normandy, assassinated in 942]; offered King Lothair the lands of Artois up to the Lys, Douai, and Ostrevant; for his protection of the succession of his infant grandson.
964, ‘Arnulfus, filius Balduini ex Matilde’ succeeded his grandfather as count of Flanders. [Arnulf’s younger brother Adalulf received Ternois, Boulonais and the lay abbacy of Saint Bertin.]
968, Arnolf betrothed to Rosalie [known as Suzanne in Flanders].
968, Queen Gerberga [died 984], mother of King Lothar, in a charter returned the vill of Meersen to St. Remi of Reims ‘per manus fidelis advocati nostri Comitis Arnulfi.’
4/11/969, ‘Godefridi comitis, Ingelberti advocati, Arnulfi junioris marchysi’ signed the charter by which ‘Theodericus comes’ donated ‘Frilingim in pago Flandrensi’ to Saint-Pierre de Gand.
1/31/972, ‘Arnulfus … marchysus’ confirmed the possession of ‘Harnas … in pago Seirbiu’ to Saint-Pierre de Gand.
973, Arnulf’s guardian, his father’s first cousin, Baudouin Baldzo [de Boulogne] died.
973, Arunlf made himself Comte de Courtrai.
1/21/974, ‘Arnulfi … junioris marchysi, Herimanni comitis filiis Godefridi comitis, Wiggeri, Ingelberti advocati’ signed the charter by which ‘Godefridus comes et uxor sua Mathildis’ made donations to Saint-Pierre de Gand.
10/2/974, ‘Arnulfo juniore marchyso’ signed the charter by which ‘Theodericus comes et uxor sua Hildegardis’ made  donations to Saint-Pierre de Gand.
976, Arnolf reached majority and took control of his lands in succession struggle [killing one of his nephews in rebellion.]
976-7, Arnulf II of Flanders and Godfrey of Verdun attacked Hainaut.
977, Arnulf and Godfrey besieged and captured Castrilocum (Mons).
978, Richard I helped reconcile Arnulf II of Flanders with King Lothair and the surviving nephew.
978, King Lothair invaded Artois. King Lothair, to keep Arnulf neutral in the conflict, restored Arras and Artois to him.
[–––Arnulf & Rosalie–––]
By 980, Arnulf married Rosalie/Suzanne.
5/981, Duke Hugh Capet captured Montreuil from Arnulf II of Flanders.
12/7/983, Holy Roman Emperor Otto II of Germany died; leaving a 3-year old as his successor. King Lothair attacked Lotharingia.
985, At Verdun, Arnulf’s step-father and half-brother were captured by King Lothair.
3/2/986, King Lothair succeeded by his son King louis V.
986, Arnulf II of Flanders performed homage to King Louis V.
7/3/987, Hugh [Capet] succeeded Louis V [Carolingian] as King of France. Arnolf helped King Hugues of France sieze power.
3/30/988, Arnolf died; buried in Gent.
[–––Rosalie–––]
4/1/988, [Baldwin IV] ‘Baldwinus marchysus cum matre sua Susanna’ donated ‘villam Aflingehem … jacentem in pago Tornacinse’ to Saint-Pierre de Gand.
988, Rosalie married 2nd Robert II [‘rex designatus’ King of France]. Rosalie was given Montreuil-sur-Mer by the county of Flanders as her dowry.
Robert II repudiated Rosalie.
Rosalie returned to Flanders and became and advisor to her son Baldwin.
6/26/995, ‘Susanna regina cum filio suo Baldwino’ donated ‘alodem suum … Atingehem … et in Testereph’ to Saint-Pierre de Gand, for the soul of ‘filie sue Mathildis’.
6/1/1003, ‘Susanna regina … cum filio suo Baldwino’ donated ‘alodem suum … in pago Flandrensi … in Holtawa … in Fresnere … in Clemeskirca … in Jatbeka … in Sclefteta’ to Saint-Pierre de Gand.
2/7/1004, Rosalie died; buried at St. Peter, Gent.
(S) Foundation for Medieval Genealogy. (S) Friends, Family and Allies, Tanner, 2004. (S) Creating the Monastic Past, Uge, 2005.
Family notes:
·         Maud Billung, d/o Conrad I of Saxony;
·         Baldwin III [died 962 before his father]; s/o Arnolf I [died 964] & Alice [d/o Herbert II, count of Vermandois]; s/o Baldwin II [died 918] & Alfritha [d/o Alfred the Great, King of England, died 901]; s/o Baldwin I, count of Flanders [died 879] & Judith, d/o Charles the Bald, King and Emperor of France [died 877] & Ermentrude of Orleans; s/o Lewis le Debonaire, King of France [died 840]; s/o Charlemagne, Emperor of the West [died 814.] (S) Royal Descents and Pedigrees, Burke, P-V.
Children of Arnoulf and Rozala:

i. Baldwin IV of Flanders (1512882196), born 980 in Flanders.

Saturday, July 20, 2013

G32: 3025764384 Duke Richard I of Normandy

3025764384. Richard I, Duke of Normandy & 3025764384. Gunnora ?

933, Richard ‘the Fearless’, born in Normandy, s/o §William Longsword, 1st Duke of Normandy & Sprota ?. [At his birth, William ordered his infant son be sent immediately to ‘Baiocas ... episcopo Henrico’ for baptism as ‘Richardum.’
6/19/936, King Louis IV ‘d’Outremen’ succeeded Rudolf as King of the West Franks.
942, Richard’s father killed.
Aft. 942, King Louis IV marched on Rouen and captured Richard, who was taken to Laon.
Richard was freed by ‘Osmundus ... consilio cum Yvone patre Willelmi de Belismo’ and taken to ‘Silvanectis’ where ‘Bernardus ... comes’ protected ‘nepotem suum Richardum.’
‘Osmundus’, in support of Richard, defeated the army of Otto I, King of Germany, after an attempt to capture Rouen in revenge for the escape of Count Richard.
944, Hugues, Duc des Francs, supported [temporarily] King Louis’ attack on Normandy.
945, Hugues, Duc des Francs, captured King Louis IV and helped Richard regain Rouen.
By 954, King Louis granted the land of the Normans to Richard [‘filio ipsius Willelmi, nato de concubina Brittana’]; becoming Richard I ‘Sans Peur’ Comte de Normandie.
9/12/954, King Lothair succeeded King Louis IV as King of the West Franks.
956, Richard betrothed to Emma, d/o Hugues, Duc des Francs [sister of future King Hugh Capet]. As part of the arrangement, Hugues Duc des Francs nominated comte Richard as guardian of his son Hugues.
6/16/956, Hugues, Duc des Francs died; succeeded by his son Hugh Capet [future king], still a minor.
 [–––Richard & Emma–––]
960 at Rouen, Richard married 1st Emma.
960-61, Count Richard I accepted in Normandy a party of monks from Ghent which were given the site of Fontanelle where they began a house in honor of Saint-Wandrille.
961, Count Richard and King Lothair at war. King Lothaire captured Evreux.
962, On the river Deppe, Comte Richard, allied with his Viking relatives, defeated the forces of Thibaut II of Blois, who was allied with King Lothair.
By 965, Comte Richard suppressed the rebellion of Rodulf ‘Torta’, who was banished and fled to Paris.
965, Richard and the Vikings re-captured Evreux.
965, Richard ‘the fearless’ made a pact with King Lothair at Gisors; ending 4 years of war in the province.
966, Richard began using the title ‘marchio Normannorum’ [Marquis des Normandy] in the charter by which King Lothair re-established the community of Mont St-Michel. (S) The Normans, Crouch, 2006, P19.
968, Richard I recognized Duke Hugh Capet [his brother-in-law] as his overlord.
968, Duke Hugh and Count Richard restored the lands of the abbey of St-Denis. (S) The Normans, Crouch, 2006, P20.
968, Emma died without surviving children; her effects given to the poor and the monasteries.
[–––Richard & Gunnora–––]
~973, Richard married 2nd Gunnora [his mistress, d/o a forester] with the approval of his barons.
973, The Cathedral of Chartres burned during hostilities between Duke Richard and Thibaut II of Blois. (S) French Cathedrals, Winkles, 1837, P66.
~976, Richard I began the church of Benedictines at Saint Ouen [destroyed by fire in 1136]. (S) Arch. Tour in Normandy, Knight, 1836, P26.
977, Richard’s nemesis, Thibaut II of Blois died.
978, Richard I helped reconcile Arnulf II of Flanders with King Lothair. (S) Friends, Family and Allies, Tanner, 2004, P41.
~979, Richard I installed a community of clergy at Fecamp [a 7th century monastery that had been used as a prison. Richard had recruited Mayeul of Cluny, who declined saying the Normans were ‘barbaric and savage men, who destroy rather than build holy temples.’]
980, King Lothair, without Duke Hugh’s input, made a peace agreement with King Otto II of Germany. Duke Hugh called all his vassals together, including Count Richard, to address the terms of the agreement.
12/7/983, Otto II King of Germany died; leaving a 3-year old as his successor. King Lothair attacked Lotharingia; but Duke Hugh and Count Robert refused to participate.
6/8/986, Louis V ‘the Lazy’ succeeded King Lothair of the West Franks.
987, Dudo of St.-Quentin, a monk from Vermandois, and a visitor to Richard’s court, described him as an old man, tall, thick eyebrows and a long white beard. (S) The Normans, Crouch, 2006, P22.
7/3/987, Hugh [Capet] succeeded Louis V [Carolingian] as King of the West Franks.
988, Dudo of St.-Quentin sent by Albert, the count of Vermandois, to Richard I of Normandy requesting that he intercede on Albert’s behalf with King Hugh Capet. (S) Religion , Text and Society, Burman, 2002, P303.
990, Richard I self-styled himself as ‘count and consul’ in a charter to Fecamp.
3/1/991, Richard agreed to a non-aggression pact with Æthelred II King of England to prevent either side from sheltering Viking marauders. (S) Swein Forkbeard’s Invasions, Howard, 2003, P55. [991, Pope John XV wrote about this reconcilation in a letter.]
Aft. 6/991, Fulk Nerra, with King Hugh of France, Bouchard of Vendome, and Richard, count of Normandy, in capturing Melun and Chateaudun [where the defeated were treated severely].
992, Duke Richard allied with Conan I of Rennes.
994, Duke Richard commissioned Dudo of St.-Quentin to write a history of the rulers of Normandy. (S) Medieval Scandinavia, Pulsiano, 1993, P144. [Richard’s illegitimate son Rodulf – ‘Raoul d’Ivry’, is named as ‘the relator of this work.’]
11/20/996, Richard became sick and died at Bayeux; buried at Fecamp.
[–––Gunnora–––]
1024-6, ‘Duke Richard [II]’ donated property to the abbey of Mont Saint-Michel, subscribed by ‘Gonnor matris comitis.’
(S) Foundation for Medieval Genealogy. (S) Fulk Nerra, Bachrach, 1993. (S) Architectural Antiquities of Normandy, Cotman, 1822. (S) Dukes of Normandy, Duncan, 1839. (S) Companion to the Anglo-Norman World, Harper-Bill, 2007. (S) Imaging the Sacred Past, Herrick, 2007.
Family notes:
·         911, Rollo the Viking, defeated by the Franks near Auxerre, became the legal holder of Normandy by the pact of St. Clair-sur-Epte.
·         William Longsword, 1st Duke of Normandy, s/o Rollo the Viking & Poppea ?.
·         924, William won control of the Bessin in central Normandy.
·         933, Guillaume defeated the rebel ‘Riulfus’ at the battle of ‘Pratum-belli’, conquering the Cotentin. [After which he heard of the birth of his son to ‘nobilissima puella Danico more sibi iuncta ... Sprota’.]
·         942, William Longsword received French King Louis d’Outre Mer at Rouen.
·         942, William murdered at Rouen by assassins of Marquis Arnulf I [s/o Baldwin II of Flanders].
Children of Richard and Gunnora:

i. Richard II ‘the Good’ (1512882192), born ~975 in Normandy.

ii. Robert of Normandy (3025764360), born ? in Normandy.

989, Robert appointed Archbishop of Rouen.
4/1012, An agreement between the abbots of Jumièges and Bougeuil concerning an exchange of land in Poitou subscribed by ‘Richardus … filius Ricardi principi magni … Robertus archiepiscopus.’
Robert, as Comte of Evreux, married Herleve ?.
1037, Robert died. (S) Ecclesiastical History of England and Normandy, V2, Vitalis, 1854, P160.
Child: Richard, count of Evreux (1512882180), born ~1020.

iii. Emma of Normandy, born ? in Normandy.

1002, Emma married Aethelred II, King of England.
1013, Emma sent to the court of her brother, Richard II, after the invasion of England by Svend King of Denmark.
4/23/1016, King Aethelred died.
10/18/1016, King Edmund of England [s/o Aethelred], defeated at the battle of Ashingdon.
11/30/1016, Cnut became King of Denmark and all of England.
1017, Emma living, in Normandy, betrothed to King Canute of England.
7/1018, Emma married King Cnut.
1028, King Cnut became King of Norway.
11/12/1035, On the death of King Canute, his son Hardicanute became King of Denmark and South England, [his half-brother Harold became King of North England. Norway was lost.]
1040, Hardicanute became king of both Denmark and England.
1040, Emma acted as Regent in Wessex.
4/3/1043, Edward the Confessor, became King of England.
3/14/1052, Emma died, buried in Winchester cathedral, London, England.
Child of Emma and Aethelred: King Edward the Confessor.
Child of Emma and Canut: King Hardicanute of Denmark and England.

iv. Maud of Normandy, born ? in Normandy.

1003-4, Maud married to Eudes II, count of Blois, gs/o Thibaut II of Blois [no children.]

Friday, July 19, 2013

G32: 2558708240 Blois-Bourgogne

2558708240. Odo I of Blois & 2558708241. Bertha de Bourgogne

~933, Odo born in Blois, s/o §Thibaut II of Blois & Luitgardis [d/o Herbert II, Comte de Vermandois & Adela, d/o Robert, duke of France; widow of William I, comte de Normandie].
950, ‘Odonis comitis filii Theobaldi comitis’ subscribed the charter by which Ragnfred, Bishop of Chartres, donated property to Chartres Saint-Père.
9/12/954, King Lothair succeeded King Louis IV as King of the West Franks.
964-5, Bertha  born in Burgundy, d/o §Conrad I ‘le Pacifique’, King of Burgundy [Welf] & Mathilde de France [Carolingian].
By 962, Odo’s eldest brother Thibaut killed in battle; Odo succeeding [his older brother Hugh became Archbishop of Bourges – died 986.]
By 1/977, Odo’s father died.
978, Eudes I, comte de Blois, Chartres, Tours and Meaux. (S) Coinage of the European Continent, V1, Hazlitt, P282.
979, Count Odo of Blois  issued a charter that concluded with the phrase ‘enacted publicly in the city of Tours.’ (S) Lordship in the County of Maine, Barton, 2004, P117.
[–––Odo & Bertha–––]
~980, Odo married Bertha [neice of King Lothair.] (S) Capetians, Bradbury, 2007, P42.
2/977, ‘Odo comes’ signed a charter of Chartres Saint-Père.
10/977, ‘Odoni comitis’ signed a charter relating to Bourgeui.
2/5/978, Property donated to ‘Sancti Petri’ with the consent of … ‘comite Odone.’
By 983, Odo’s maternal uncle Herbert ‘the old’ died. Odo and his cousin Herbert ‘the young’ shared the inheritance of the lands northeast of Paris [the Vermandois.] (S) France in the Making, Dunbabin, 2000, P191.
983, ‘Heriberti Trecassini et Oddonis comitis filii Tedbaldi’ were enemies of ‘Adelbero Remonis archiepiscopus.’
985, ‘Ottonem’ and ‘Heribertum’ made peace with the archbishop.
Aft. 985, Odo’s mother died.
6/8/986, Louis V ‘the Lazy’ succeeded King Lothair of the West Franks.
986, ‘Odo comes’ restored ‘villam ... Culturas’ to Marmoutier, subscribed by ‘Berte comitissæ uxoris eius, majoris filii eius Teutboldi.’ [Odo & Berte – Odo’s father and mother.]
986-7, Odo and Herbert part of the council of the Queen of France.
7/3/987, Hugh [Capet] succeeded Louis V [Carolingian] as King of the West Franks.
989, ‘Odonis comitis [Odo I], Rotberti filii eius [eldest son], Tetbaldi filius eius [2nd son], Odonis alterius filius [Odo II-Eudes], Hugonis vicecomitis Castridunensis, Raherii de Montigniaco’ subscribed the by which ‘Robert Vicomte de Blois’ donated property to the abbey of Evron.
990, Odo and King Hugh Capet made a peace agreement. (S) Fulk Nerra, Bachrach, 1993, P38.
991, King Hugh Capet gave Odo the county of Dreux. (S) Capetians, Bradbury, 2007, P77.
991, Foulques Nerra asked Eudes, Count of Blois, for permission to build a shelter for his hunting dogs on Eudes's land. (S) Road from the Past, Caro, 1996, P158. [Foulques turned the ‘shelter’ into the fortress of Langeais.]
992 at Orsay, Bouchard of Vendôme, and Geoffrey, count of the Gâtinais, engaged and defeated the army of Odo I of Blois.
4-5/993, Odo and Bishop Adalbero of Laon arranged a meeting at Metz with King Hugh of France and his son Robert, intending to take them prisoner [which was unsuccessful because the conspiracy was uncovered by the King].
5/20/994, Odo encamped at Tours.
6/994, Odo began a siege of Langeais, where Fulk was in personal command of the defending forces.
9/994, King Hugh of France supported Fulk’s campaigning by relieving the siege of Langeais by Odo I of Blois, who became ill.
995, Odo began a 2nd siege of Langeais.
7/4/995, Odo died; buried at the Abbaye de Saint Martin, Marmoutier, Tours.
[–––Bertha–––]
996, Confirmation by ‘comitissæ Berthæ’ of the donation by ‘Odo comes’ of property for the construction of the abbey of Bourgeuil, with the consent of ‘filiorum suorum Teobaldi.’ [Odo’s elder brother.]
Aft. 10/996, Odo’s mother remarried to her cousin, King Robert II “the pious” of France. [Not approved by the church.]
998, Pope Gregory V called on King Robert to repudiate his wife on grounds of consanguinity.
1001, King Robert refused to divorce Bertha, and the kingdom of France was excommunicated.
9/1001, Queen Bertha formally divorced from King Robert.
8/1003, King Robert designated Bertha’s eldest son Theobald as bishop of Chartres.
1004, ‘Bertæ reginæ, Odonis comitis filii eius’ subscribed the charter of ‘Gislebertus prepositus.’
1005, ‘Odonis comitis, Ermengardis uxoris eius, Bertæ reginæ’ subscribed the charter by which ‘comitem Odonem’ donated property to ‘Sancti Petri.’
1008, Robert, accompanied by his 2nd wife Bertha, travelled to Rome to seek a divorce from Constance and remarriage to Bertha. [Which was denied.]
10/1010, Queen Bertha [Odo’s mother] and Odo accepted an invitation to the the court of Duke William of Aquitaine.
Aft. 5/1012, Bertha died. (S) England Under the Angevin Kings, V1, Norgate, 1887, P155.
(S) Foundation for Medieval Genealogy.
Child of Eudes and Bertha:

i. Eudes [Odo II] of Blois (1279354120), born 983 in Blois. [3rd son]

G32: 2545856746 Yaroslav I, Grand Prince of Kiev

2545856746. Yaroslav I, Grand Prince of Kiev & 2545856747. Ingegerd Olofsdotter of Sweden

~978, Yaroslav Vladimirovich born in Russia, s/o §Vladamir the Great & Rognoda of Polotsk.
988, Yaroslav’s father introduced Orthodox Christianity to Kievian Russia.
988-1010, Yaroslav, Prince of Rostov.
1010, Yaroslav moved from ruling Rostov to Novgorod near the Volga.
1013, Yaroslav, Prince of Novgorod.
1014, Yaroslav refused to pay tribute to Kiev.
1015, Yaroslav’s father died, beginning a succession struggle.
1016, Yaroslav defeated his cousin Svyatopolk I, Grand Prince of Kiev, in battle at Liubech, who then fled to Poland.
7/1018, Invading from Poland, Svyatopolk pushed Yaroslav back to Novgorod. [The ‘Kiev succession crisis’.]
8/14/1018, Svyatopolk again assumed rule of Kiev. King Boleslaw of Poland [Svyatopolk’s father-in-law] left with his forces.
1019, Yaroslav married 2nd Ingegerd [Irina], d/o §Olof ‘Skotkonung’, King of Sweden & Estrid of Obotriten.
1019, Yaroslav attacked Svyatopolk, drove him south, and defeated defeated him by the river Alta. Yaroslav again took control of Kiev.
1024, Yaroslav defeated by his half-brother, Mstislav , Prince of Tmutorokan. Yaroslav and Mstislav divided Kievan Russia. Yaroslav got the land on the western bank of the Dnieper, including Kiev and Novgorod.
1024, Yaroslav returned to find Kiev under siege by the Pechenegs; which he drove off.
1026, Yaroslav founded the town of Dorpat.
1030, Yaroslav founded the first school in Novgorod.
1030, Yaroslave founded the town of Yurev in the northwest; from which he gained control of access to the Gulf of Finland.
1031, Yaroslav, allied with Sweden, conquered Polish territories.
1036, Yaroslav’s brother Mstislav died; Yaroslav succeeding to his lands, becoming sole ruler of Russia.
1036, Yaroslav had a decisive victory in battle over the Pechenegs tribes, which had been raiding Russian for a hundred years.
1037, Yaroslav started the construction of Saint Sophia cathedral in Kiev to celebrate his victories.
1043, Yaroslav launched a [unsuccessful] naval attack on Constantinople.
1051, Yaroslav arranged for a Russian monk [1st non-Greek] to be named the Metropolitan of Kiev.
2/20/1054, Yaroslav died; buried in Saint Sophia cathedral. [Yaroslav’s 5 sons began a new succession struggle.]
(S) Foundation for Medieval Genealogy. (S) Russia, Borrero, 2009.
Child of Juraslov and Ingegerd:

i. Anne of Kiev (1272928373), born by 1032 in Russia.

G32: 2555189250 Breteuil-Montfort

2555189250. William of Breteuil & 2555189251. Adeline de Montfort

~1040, William born in Normandy, s/o 1272928378. William fitz Osbern & 1272928379. Adeliza de Tony.
~1045, Adeline born in Normandy, d/o §Hugh de Montfort-sur-Risle.
1060, ‘Guillelmus filius Osberti and Guillelmus filius Guillelmi filiii Osberti’ witnessed the charter by which William, duke of Normandy, granted Brenerias to the abbey of Bayeux.
~1065, William married Adeline.
3/20/1066, Haley’s comet appeard in the sky at its closest point to earth, and was interpreted as an evil omen.
10/25/1066, William the Conqueror crowned King of England.
1068, ‘Willelmus comes filius Osberni dapiferi [steward of the king]’ made donations to Sainte-Trinite de Rouen, confirmed by his son William of Breteuil.
2/22/1071, William’s father killed at the battle of Cassel.
1072, William succeeded to the lands in France; his younger brother Robert [becoming earl of Hereford] inherited the lands in England.
1075, Roger, earl of Hereford [William’s brother], conspired with his brother-in-law Raoul de Gaël, Earl of Norfolk against King William. [Roger forfeited his lands in England and was imprisoned for the rest of his life.]
1077, William of Breteuil [among many others] listed in both of the abbey of Bec’s ‘pancarte’; one issued by King William of England, the other by King Philip of France. (S) Battle Conference, 1998, P182.
1078, Robert, s/o King William, rebelled claiming the duchy of Normandy as the gift of his father. Robert was supported by Robert of Belesme, William of Breteuil, Roger of Bienfaite, and Robert Mowbray. (S) Constitutional History of England, V1, Stubbs, 1889, P319.
1080, ‘Guillelmus de Bretolio filius Guillelmi comitis’ donated revenue to the monks of Saint-Evroult.
1081-2 at Breteuil, King William of England betrothed his daughter Adela to Stephen-Henri of Blois. (S) Aristocratic Women in Medieval France, Evergates, 2011, P14.
1087, Eustace III of Boulogne and his father, as well as Robert, Count of meulan, witnessed a grant to Bec by William of Breteuil [granting freedom of toll and customs.] (S) Norman Institutions, Haskins, 1918, P68.
9/26/1087, William Rufus crowned King of England; succeeding William the Conqueror. His elder brother Robert became Duke of Normandy.
1088-89, Robert, count of Meulan, claimed the Norman frontier castle of Ivry-la-Bataille in right of his father. The castle was held by William of Breteuil.
1089, ‘Ascelinus cognomento Goellus’ captured ‘arcem Ibreii’ from ‘Guillelmo Bretoliensi domino suo’ and surrendered it to Duke Robert fo Normandy, who resold it back to Guillaume de Breteuil for ‘MD libras’, triggering a lengthy war.
1089, ‘Willelmus de Bretoil’ witnessed the charter by which Robert III, Duke of Normandy, confirmed the restoration of the monastery of Saint-Vigor near Bayeux.
2/1090, William of Breteuil defeated by the forces of Roger de Toeni and Ascelin Gouel in which William and many other nobles were taken captive.
6/1090, Ascelin released William of Breteuil for a ransom of 3000 livres, and the agreements that Ascelin would marry his daughter, and Roger de Tony, his cousin, would be named his heir, and he had to give the castle of Yvery to Ascelin.
11/1090, William of Breteuil aided Duke Robert in suppressing a rebellion in the city of Rouen.
2/1091, Ascelin Gouel found an ally in Richard de Montfort after his brother Amaury de Montfort was killed by forces of  William of Breteuil. (S) Robert Curthose, Aird, 2011, P130.
1091, William of Breteuil fortified the monastery of St. Mary, near Yvery. [Roger de Tony and many other nobles had left on crusade.]
7/1091, Ascelin Gouel captured the fortified monastery of St. Mary.
1091-92, Ralph de Tony sought the help of his northern allies Stephen of Aumale and Gerard of Gournay. Ralph captured his nephew William of Breteuil, s/o his sister Adeliza.
1091-2, William paid a ransom of £3000-Norman, and forfeit of his inheritance to Ralph de Tony’s oldest son Roger [who would die leaving his younger brother Ralph as his heir].
1092, Robert of Belleme arranged a [short-lived] peace agreement between William de Bretevil and Ascelin Gouel. (S) Sussex County Mag., V11, 1937, P709.
1093-94, William of Breteuil and Ascelin Gouel continued to wage war.
1094, William of Breteuil paid 700 livres to King Philip of France for his aid against Ascelin Gouel. [William also supported by the clergy.]
1095, William of Breteuil commanded a great force that besieged Ascelin Gouel at Breherval. Robert de Belesme was another commander of the siege forces.
1095, After a 2-month siege, a peace agreement restored the castle of Yvery to William of Bretevil [which Ascelin would eventually get in right of his wife]; Ascelin kept the castle of Breherval.
1097, Duke Robert of Normandy [possible heir to English crown, and older brother of Henry Beauclerc] left on the 1st crusade to the holy lands with many knights and nobles.
8/2/1100, Henry Beauclerc possibly complicit in the death of his brother King William II on a hunting trip in New Forest. Willima de Breteuil a member of the hunting party. (S) The Normans, Crouch, 2006, P154. [Henry’s brother William had been a very unpopular king. Henry left his body with servants and rode overnight to London.]
8/1100 in London, Before the coronation of King Henry, William of Breteuil, treasurer, had said that they should wait for the return of Duke Robert, Henry’s older brother, to do homage [4/1091, Henry, besieged at Mont-Saint-Michel by his brothers, had agreed to not be in succession in England or Normandy – though he would ultimately conquer both.] Henry drew his sword and silenced William.  [William was not at the coronation on the 5th.]
8/5/1100, Henry I crowned King of England.
1/12/1102, William died; buried at the monastery of Lire.
(S) Peerage of England, Collins, 1812, P323ff. (S) Foundation for Medieval Genealogy.
Child of William and Adeline:

i. Isabella de Bretevil (1277594625), born ~1065 in Normandy.

Child of William and ?:

i. Eustace de Pacy, born ? in Normandy. [Natural son]

1103, Eustace married Juliane, natural d/o King Henry I of England.
2/1119, Juliane, d/o King Henry, married to Eustace de Breteuil of Pacy, attempted to kill her father with a crossbow during the assault of the castle of Breteuil. [King Henry had allowed her hostaged daughters to be blinded.]
1119, Juliane’s full-brother interceeded on her behalf with King Henry. Eustace allowed to keep Pacy.
1130, ‘Eustach de Britolio’ in Wiltshire.
2/1136, Eustace died; Juliane became a nun at Fontrevraud.

Thursday, July 18, 2013

G31: 1947060760 Louvain-Percy

1947060760. Joscelin of Louvain & 1947060761. Agnes de Percy

By 1120, Jocelin born in Brabant, s/o 378250250. Duke Godfrey I of Brabant & 3894121520. Clementia of Burgundy.
1/29/1121 at Windsor castle, King Henry married Joscelins’ older half-sister Adeliza de Louvain. [Joscelin supposedly attended the ceremony.]
5/1133, Most of London including the church of St. Paul the Apostle was destroyed by fire.
~1140, Agnes de Percy, d/o §William de Percy.
12/22/1135, Stephen crowned king of England; usurping Empress Matilda, d/o King Henry I; and starting a civil war that would last until 1153.
1136, Joscelin of Louvain attested Queen Adeliza’s charter in favor of Reading abbey. (S) Sussex Arch. Collections, V140, 2003, P59.
8/1/1137, Louis VII succeeded as king of France.
Bef. 1139, Widowed Queen Adeliza made her brother Jocelin the warden of Arundel castle.
1139, Joscelin’s sister Queen Adeliza remarried to William d’Aubigny, earl of Sussex.
Bef. 4/1151, Joscelin granted the honour of Petworth, Sussex, by his sister Queen Adelisa.
4/23/1151, Joscelin’s sister Queen Adeliza died. Jocelin became a key figure in the retinue of William, earl of Sussex and Arundel.
1153-4, Confirmation of Henry duke of Normandy to Jocelin brother of queen Adeliza of the honour of Petworth as William earl of Arundel and queen Adeliza had given it to him.
[–––Joscelin & Agnes–––]
~1154, Joscelin married Agnes.
12/19/1154, Henry II succeeded King Stephen of England.
1156, Joscelin pardoned part of the ‘danegeld’ fees on his lands. (S) Honors and Knights’ Fees, Farrer, 1925, P17.
1166, Joscelin held 22.5 knights’ fees of the honour of Petworth; ‘fees de verteri.’ (S) Feudal Assessments, Keefe, 1983, P248.
1167-8, ‘Jocelin de Lovein xv m et dimidiam’ in Yorkshire.
12/18/1170, Joscelin de Louvain attendent to Henry the Young King at Windsor in England.
2/2/1171, ‘Goceline the Castellan, brother of the Queen’ attested a charter of King Henry II at Argentan, Normandy.
1172, ‘Jocelinus frater Reginæ’ 6£ in Yorkshire.
c1174, Grant in perpetual farm by Jocelin, the queen’s brother, with the king’s consent and that of Agnes de Percy his wife … Sixle priory of his manor of Ludford … which the king had given him for his service when he gave him Agnes to wife … For this grant the priory gave him and his wife 100£ of silver which he received on his start for Jerusalem for the expenses of his journey.
1174-5, Jocelin made a pilgrimage to Jerusalem.
1175, Agnes’ father died.
4/1175, Agnes de Percy and her sister Maud de Percy [married to William, earl of Warwick] inherited the honor of Topcliffe. (S) Judges, Administrators & Common Law, Turner, 1994, P281. [A knight’s fee held by Marmaduke Darel assigned to Jocelin of Lovain.]
10/1175 at Winchester, Jocelin de Luvain, ‘castellan’, witnessed a royal charter to Whitby abbey.
1176, Charter of Anges daughter of William de Percy, wife of Jocelin the castellan, and Henry her son, … the abbey giving her 5 marks and Henry 2 marks …
8/1177 [or later] ‘Jocelino fratre regine’ subscribed the charter by which Henry II confirmed donations to the cathedral of Chartres.
Bef. 9/1180, Joscelin died.
9/18/1180, Philip Augustus succeeded as King of France.
[–––Agnes–––]
[Undated] ‘Agnes de Perci … in viduetatis meæ’ confirmed the donation made by ‘Willelmus de Perci pater meus’ to Whitby, for the soul of ‘Jocelini mariti mei defuncti.’
1182, Marmaduke Darel a witness to a charter of Agnes de Percy dealing with the monks of Fountains abbey.
7/20/1182, Final concord between Agnes de Percy and her nephew William son of Alan de Percy [who was illegitimate] … land in Beamsley, Asenby and Litton.
1182-5, Agnes de Percy made a grant to the hospital of St Peter, York, after the death of ‘sponsi mei Jocelini de Luvain’.
9/3/1189, Richard I succeeded King Henry II of England.
1190-1, Agnes de Percy paying ‘xx s per Simonem de Kime, ii milites’ in Lincolnshire.
1191-98, Gift by Agnes de Percy, in her widowhood, for the soul of Jocelin her husband, to Byland abbey of pasture in Moskwith [Topcliffe] for 38 cows and their yearlings. [Confirmed by Henry de Percy.]
1194-5. Agnes de Percy granted delayed scutage payments in Lincolnshire.
1203, Agnes died. [Her sister Maud died childless in 1204: ‘Mathildis de Percy comitissa de Warwic, filia Willielmi de Perci’ donated property to Sawley abbey, for the souls of ‘patris mei Willielmi de Percy et Adalidis de Tunbrige matris meæ et Alani de Percy fratris mei et Agnetis sororis meæ.’]
(S) Early Yorkshire Charters, Farrer, 1963, “The Percy Fee”. (S) Foundation for Medieval Genealogy. (S) Court, Household and Itinerary of King Henry II, Eyton, 1878.
Family notes:
·         Agnes de Percy, d/o William de Percy [died bef. 4/1175] & Adeliza de Tunbrigge [d/o Richard, earl of Clare].
·         William de Percy, heir & s/o Alan de Percy [died by 7/1138] & Emma de Gent.
·         4/1136, William present at King Stephen’s court.
·         8/22/1138, William fought at the Battle of the Standard on Cowton Moor near Northallerton in Yorkshire between the Scottish and the English, fighting for King Stephen. The Scots had superior numbers, but English archers held off repeated attacks.
·         1145-53, Henry de Percy [brother of William] witnessed a Charter of William de Percy to Whitby abbey.
·         1152-53, Alan de Percy gave land to Whitby abbey, witnessed by his brothers William and Henry.
·         2/1155 at Nottingham, William de Perci witnessed a royal charter to the abbey of St. Hilda of Whitby. (S) Court, Household and Itinerary of King Henry II, Eyton, 1878, P6.
·         1164-66, William married 2nd Sibyl de Valgones, widow of Robert de Ros of Helmsley.
Child of Joscelin and Agnes:

i. Henry de Percy (973530380), born ~1160 In England.

Wednesday, July 17, 2013

G31: 1947060754 Glanville-Valoines

1947060754. Baron Ranulf de Glanville & 1947060755. Bertha de Valoines

~1135, Ranulph in Stratford, Suffolk, England, younger s/o 47268888. William de Glanville & 47268889. Beatrix de Sackville.
Bertha born in England, d/o §Theobald de Valoines, Lord of Parham.
12/19/1154, Henry II succeeded King Stephen of England.
Ranulph married Bertha, receiving the land of Brochous from her father [where Ranulph founded the priory of Butley.]
1155, Hervey de Glanville and Ranulph de G. witnessed the foundation charter of Snapes, Essex. (S) Norman People and Their Existing Descendants, 1874, P182.
1156-8, Richard de Anesty, appearing in court in London at Windsor, ‘sends off for Randulf de Glanville ‘special’. [Richard won his suit.] (S) Law Quarterly Review, Vs26-30, Pollock, 1914, P472.
1160, Ranulf de Glaville, a ‘consultant’ [before holding an office.] (S) History of the English Bar, Cohen, 2005, P84.
9/1163, Bertram de Bulmer gave up the office of sheriff of York, succeeded by Ranulf de Glanville.
1164, Ranulph, Exchequer of Warwick and Leicester; Sheriff of York.
1166, Everard, s/o Robert de Ros, a minor, in the custody of Ranulf de Glanville. (S) Early Yorkshire Charters, V10, Farrer, 1955, P160.
1169, Hubert Walter, dean of York [died 1205], founded a Premonstratene house at West Dereham ‘for the salvation of his own soul, … of Ranulph de Glanville and Bertha his wife, who educated and brought him up.’ (S) Giraldi Cambrensis Opera, Giraldus, 1863, P21.
1170, at Chinon in Touraine, A charter of King Henry II to the priory of Coverham, Yorkshire, withnessed by Theobald Walter and Ranulf de Glanville.
1171, Ranulf de Glanville founded the priory of Buttele.
12/28/1171, Archbishop Thomas Becket murdered at Canterbury cathedral.
1172, Ranulf de Glanville, while stating that he had not yet ascertained the number of knights of the honour of Richmond, collected the sum of 176£ 12s 1d for the scutage of Ireland. (S) Early Yorkshire Charters, V5, Farrer, 1936, P9.
1173, Queen Eleanor put into Ranulph’s custody at Winchester [where she would remain for 16 years.]
7/11/1174, Ranulph commanding forces at the battle of Alnwick when King William of Scotland was taken prisoner. King William surrendered to Ranulf, and was taken to Newcastle.
1175, Ranulph, Sheriff of Lancashire; and Justice Itinerant in 13 counties.
8/10/1175 at York, King Henry held his court. In attendance were Prince Henry, King William of Scotland, King William’s brother David of Huntingdon, and many nobles of Scotland who do homage. King Henry issued a charter to St. Clements nunnery at York witnessed by Earl William de Mandeville; Richard de Luci; Richard de Humet, constable; Ranulf de Glanvill; Reginald de Curtene; Thomas Basset; Hugh de Cressi; and Thomas Bardulf.
1176, Ranulph succeeded his older brother Bartholomew to the barony.
1176, Ranulf sent as an ambassador to the Count of Flanders.
1177, Ranulph, Sheriff of Westmoreland; sent with Walter de Constantiis on embassy to the Earl of Flanders.
1178, Ranulf became a member of King Henry’s ‘inner’ council.
3/1179 at Gloucester, Rannulph de Glanvill witnessed the king’s confirmation of the foundation of Westwood abbey by Richard de Luci.
1179, King Henry II granted Ranulf de Glavill land with houses in York. (S) Early Yorkshire Charters, V1, Farrer, 1932, P254.
1179, at the Council of Windsor, Ranulph selected a Justice of the Common Pleas in the Curia Regis at Westminister; replacing Richard de Lucy.
1180, Ranulph, Sheriff of Warwickshire and Leicestershire; appointed Chief Justice by King Henry II. The king’s judges were active in the shires, and any free man deprived of his land could appeal to the royal court.
1181, Ranulf, lord Chief Justice, undertook the ‘fixing’ of law in England through his ‘Tractatus de Legibus et consuetudinibus.’ (S) Translation of Glanville, Glanville, 1900, P27.
3/1182, King Henry II embarks from Portsmouth for Barfleur, leaving Ranulph de Glanvill as Viceroy. [Prince John left in the tutelage of Ranulf de Glanville.]
6/1182, Ranulph attacks the Welsh after they attacked a border castle under construction.
1182, Theobald Walter witnessed Ranulf de Glanvill’s founding of the abbey of Leystone. [Theobald Walter married Bertha’s sister Maud.] ‘John, son of the Lord the King’ also attested.
1183, Ranulph, Sheriff of Worcester.
1183, Ranulph traveled with John, count of Mortain, to Normandy.
1184, Ranulf presided at the Aula Regis in the city of Worcester.
11/30/1184 in London, Ranulf, representing King Henry, involved in the election of the archbishop of Canterbury.
1/25/1185, Fine arranging the division of the inheritance of William de Say made before Ranulf de Glanville, Robert Marmiun, … Hugh Bardolf, … (S) Pleas Before the King, V3, 1952, P-IXIX.
2/7/1185, Ranulf held a council whith refused the Pope’s envoy to levy a contribution.
1185-89, Isabel de Clare [future wife of Regent William Marshall] lived in London in the wardship of justiciar, Ranulf de Glanville. (S) Ideals and Practice of Medieval Knighthood II, Harper-Bill, 1988, P17.
9/1186, Ranulf sent by King Henry to King Philip of France to negotiate a truce.
2/1187 at Clarendon, Hugh Bardulf, Dapiferi, attested a royal charter in favour of Ranulf de Glanvill.
7/1187, Ranulf traveled to Radnor, Wales, to raise forces for King Henry in Normandy.
2/11/1188 at Geddington, Charter of King Henry to the church of Bungay. Witnesses … Earl William of Sussex; Earl David, brother of the King of Scots; Rannulf de Glanville; William de Humez; Walter fitz Robert; Seher de Quinci; William Marshall; … Richard de Camville; … (S) Hugh de Puiset – Bishop of Durham, Scammell, P284, 2011.
7/6/1189, a Thursday, King Henry died.
1189, Ranulph an executor of King Henry II’s will.
11/3/1189, Richard I crowned king of England. Ranulfus de Glanvil, justitiarius Angliae, attended the coronation. (S) Chronicle of the Reigns of Henry II and Richard I, 1867, P80. [Ranulph’s brother Gerard also attended.]
1190, Ranulph, leaving on crusade, distributed his lands to his 3 daughters.
4/11/1190, Ranulph in Normandy with King Richard I attested to a royal charter.
12/1190, Dispatched to assist at the siege of Acre, Ranulph and other crusaders arrived at Tyre where Archdeacon Baldwin was killed 1st, then later Ranulph.
(S) The Judges of England, Foss, P376. (S) Court Household, and Itinerary of King Henry II, Eyton, 1878. (S) Life of James Duke of Ormond, Carte, 1851. (S) Records of the Anglo-Norman House of Glanville, Richards, 1882.
Children of Ranulph and Bertha:

i. Maud de Glanville, born ? In England [Eldest daughter.]

Maud married William de Auberville [died 1208.]
Child: Hugh de Auberville, father of 243382318. Sir William de Auberville.
Maud married 2nd, Roger de Tudenham.

ii. Helewise de Glanville (973530377), born ~1160 in England.

G31: 1947057156 Warren-Wormegay

1947057156. Reginald de Warrenne & 1947057157. Alice de Wormegay

~1120, Reginald born in England, s/o 319832122. Earl William de Warenne II & 318232093. Isabel de Vermandois.
Alice born in Norfolk, England, d/o §William de Wormegay.
5/1133, Most of London including the church of St. Paul the Apostle was destroyed by fire.
12/22/1135, Stephen crowned king of England.; usurping Empress Matilda, d/o King Henry I; and starting a civil war that would last until 1153.
5/11/1138, Reginald’s father died.
1138 [or later], William, Earl of Warren, and the Countess Isabel his mother, and Radulfus [Reginald] his brother, give to the Monks of Lewes the church of Chingestona.
12/1142, Reginald’s older brother, William de Warren, with King Stephen at his Christmas court. [Reginald likely there also.]
1144, King Stephen sent Reginald’s brother William to Normandy to hold Rouen against the forces of Geoffrey Plantagenet [husband of Empress Matilda.] William would never return to England.
1146, Reginald de Warren witnessed a charter giving the church of Plumpton to the monks of Southwark. (S) Sussex Arch. Collections, 1859, P84.
1147, Reginald de Warren named in a document. (S) Record of the House of  Gournay, Gurney, 1848, P311.
1/19/1148, Reginald’s older brother William, Earl of Warren and Surrey, died on crusade.
1150, Reginald de Warren, having been invested by King Stephen with the government of the town and rape of Lewes [after his brother’s death], restored to the Burgesses their Merchant-gild with all the ‘customs and dignities’ belonging to it, as free and quiet as they had enjoyed them in the time of his father and grandfather. (S) Ancient and Modern History of Lewes, Dunvan, 1795, P126.
1153-4, Charter of King Stephan, of the pacification of the troubles between him and Henrie, duke of Normandy … Reginald to possess the castles of Bellenconbre and Mortemer in Normandy.
12/19/1154, Henry II succeeded King Stephen of England.
5/24/1157 at Colchester, Reginald de Warren attended the court of King Henry; where he witnessed a royal charter to Favershal abbey.
11/29/1158 at Salisbury, Reginald de Warren witnessed a certificate of the Queen confirming a quit-claim made in her presence by Robert Flambard.
1159-62, King Henry granted the bedesmen of Montmorel, Avranches, 10 ‘marcates’ of land, apportioned by the order of Reginald de Warren. (S) Lancashire Pipe Rolls, Farrer, 1902, P5.
1162, Robert de Mandevill v. ‘Reginaldo de Warenna’; writ of right by the earl of Leicester concerning land at Diganswell. (S) Placita Anglo-Normannica, Bigelow, 1974, P210.
1/20/1164, Reginald de Warren present at the Council of Clarendon.
1/1164,Constitutions of Clarendon … in the fourth year of the papacy of Alexander, in the tenth year of the most illustrious king of the English, Henry II., in the presence of that same king, … in the presence of the following: [10 counts], Richard de Luce, …, Roger Bigot, Reginald de Warren, …, William de Braiose, Richard de Camville, Nigel de Mowbray,  … and many other chiefs and nobles … (S) Yale Law School, The Avalon Project.
1/25/1165 at Westminster, Reginald de Warren witnessed a royal grant to Gervase de Cornhill.
1165-6, Alice’s father died.
1166, ‘Reg de Warenna’ owing a fine of 466£ 13s 4d for ‘terre Willi de Wermegai’ in Norfolk/Suffolk.
1168, Reginald de Warren 1 of 7 justice-in-eyre [in all of England] at Dunstable, Bedfordshire, with the Archdeacon of Poitiers. [Reginald a justice for an agreement involving Richard de Luci; on which Reginald later placed his seal at the Exchequer.]
1168, Reginald paid 9£ 10s for the knights of the honour of Wormegay for the aid in the marriage of the King’s daughter Maud.
9/1169, A suit in the presence of ten “Barons of the Exchequer” viz., Richard de Luci; … Henry fitz Gerold, chamberlain; Richard the Treasurer; William Mauduit; Alan de Nevill; Reginald de Warren; William Basset; …
1170, Reginald appointed sheriff of Sussex.
12/1/1170, Reginald  awaited on shore at Dover with Gervase de Cornhill, sheriff of Kent, and Ranulf de Broc for Archbishop Thomas Becket’s arrival in England in order to seach him for concealed letters and to for an oath of fealty to the King. Joh of Oxford arrived and prevented any search or seizure of the archbishop. [Reginald a persecutor of Archbishop Thomas Becket.]
12/28/1171, Archbishop Thomas Becket murdered at Canterbury cathedral.
1172, Reginald de Warren in possession of Wormgay.
1173, Reginald de Warren a member of the groups performing assizes on the King’s demesnes. [Gervase de Cornhill worked with Reginald in Surrey.]
1173, Reginald de Warren, Sheriff of Sussex, performed and assize on the county of York.
1174, Gervase de Cornhill and Reginald de Warren, neither a sheriff of Surrey, muleted the lands of the disaffected in the county.
Bef. 7/9/1175, Reginal founded the priory at Wormegay. (S) Landscapes of Monastic Foundation, Pestell, 2004, P177.
9/1176, Reginald paid 166£ 13s 4d on his fine for the Wormegay barony.
1176-7, ‘Reginaldus de Warenn … pro fine terre Willelmi de Wermegai’ in Norfolk and Suffolk.
9/1176, Reginald paid 133£ 6s 8d on his fine for the Wormegay barony.
1177, Reginald replaced as sheriff of Sussex.
Bef. 1179, ‘Reginaldus de Warenna” donated property to St Mary Overey Priory; Southwark, with the consent of “Aliciæ uxoris meæ et Willielmi filii mei”, for the souls of “Isabellæ comitissæ dominæ meæ … Willielmi comitis Warennæ fratris mei … Willielmi de Wormengay patris Aliciæ uxoris meæ.’
1179, Reginald died; buried at St. Mary Overey, Southwark; Alice surviving.
(S) DNB, P831. (S) Foundation for Medieval Genealogy. (S) Court Household and Itinerary of King Henry II, Eyton, 1878. (S) Early Yorkshire Charters, V8, Farrer, 2013, P27.
Family notes:
·         Wormegay, 6 miles s.e. of Kings Lynn, Norfolk.
·         Bef. 9/1160, William de Wormegay succeeded to his barony, paying 100£ for his relief.
·         1165, William de Wormegay paid 15£ 5s scutage for the army of Wales on 14.5 knight’s fees.
Children of Reginald and Alice:

i. William de Warren (973528578), born ~1145 in England.

ii. Reginald de Warren, born ? in England.

11/1090, Reginald supported Duke Robert of Normandy in suppressing a revolt in Rouen. (S) Conqueror’s Son, Lack, 2007, P59.

G31: 1947025536 William III de Mohun

1947025536. William III de Mohun & 1947025537. Lucy ?

[–––William II & Goldholde–––]
William II married Goldhold who brought him the manor of Brinkley, Cambridgeshire. (S) Feudal Cambridgeshire, Farrer, 1920, P115.
~1140, William III born in England, s/o §Earl William II de Mohun, earl of Somerset & Goldholde ?.
1141 at Winchester, William created Earl of Dorset by Empress Matilda.
1142, ‘Willielmus de Moyne comes Somersetensis’ founded Bruton priory in Somerset; witnessed by ‘Willielmo filio meo, Henrico, Juwanno, Petro, et Ricardo clericis.’
1160, ‘William de Moyon’ donated tithes to Troarn abbey; witnessed by ‘God[eholda] uxore mea et Willelmo filio meo.’
~1164, William II married Lucy.
1166, ‘Willelmi de Moiun’ holding 44 knights’ fees in Somerset. (S) Journal – British Arch. Assoc., V12, 1856, P316.
1167-8, ‘Willelmus de Moyn xli m, de nov ii m’ in Dorset and Somerset.
1172, ‘Willelmus de Moiun’ with 5 knights, and 11 knights in his own service, in enfeoffments in the duchy of Normandy.
1176, William’s grandmother Agnes died.
1177-93, ‘William de Moyon’ donated the churches of Moyon and Taissy to the canons of Briweton to hold after the decease of his brother Thomas.
1177-93, Confirmation ... to Robert, bishop of Bath, by William de Moyun … gift, for the souls of William his father, Agnes his mother, …
William II died.
[–––William III & Lucy–––]
Bef. 1186, William’s mother Godeholde died.
1186, ‘William de Moion’ granted tithes of his mills of Moion, Tesseium and Belcodreium to the Holy Trinity of Luzerne, for the soul of ‘his mother Godeheut’, witnessed by ‘Willelmo de Sancto Johanne, Gaufrido [Reginald] et Johanne et Roberto de Moion.’
Beef. 1193, Confirmation by William de Moyun of grants made by his grandfather, Earl William, his father William … Testibus :- Lucia uxore mea, …
Bef. 1193, Confirmation by William de Moyun of grants made to the canons of Bruton … testibus :- Lucia uxore mea, Willelmo filio meo et herede, Ricardo de Moyun …
10/1193, William III died.
[–––Lucy–––]
1198, ‘Will de Traceio … Lucia de Moon’ both paid rent on part of ‘terre de Moon.’
1201, ‘Lucea de Moyun’ paid a fine for ‘feud vii mil’ in Cambridgeshire. [Paid 20 marks and accounted for 7 knights’ fees. (S) Journal – British Arch. Assoc., V12, 1856, P316.]
1203, ‘Lucia de Moon […terre de Moon]… Will de Traceio … versus Oliv de Traceio’ all paid rent in ‘Ballia Constancien’ in Normandy.
~1204, Confirmation by Reginald de Moyun at the prayers of his mother … to the canons of Bruton … testibus:- Lucia matre mea, …
 (S) Two Cartularies – Priory of Bruton, 1894, P239.
Family notes:
·         William II de Mohun s/o §William I de Mohun & Agnes de Gand.
·         1201, John de Moun [brother of William III] proffers 20m for seisin of his land of Brinkele, which his brother William gave him, but had been seized into the king’s hands. (S) Feudal Cambridgeshire, Farrer, 1920, P115.
Child of William and Lucy:

i. Reginald de Mohun (973512768), born ~1183 in England.

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