Thursday, January 31, 2013

G28: 189123208 Polsted


189123208. Hugh de Polsted & 189123209. Cecilia ?

5/26/1196, Final concord between Walter de Windeshores, and Hugh de Polsted and Cecilia his wife; acquiring Walter’s interest in Compton manor for 35 marks.
3/2/1198, Hugh with agreement of the bishop of Winchester, granted the abbey of Chertsey a pension of 8s.
1198, Hugh and his son Hugh vs. Geoffrey de Maisil in Somerset.
5/27/1199, John succeeded King Richard I of England.
1199, Walter de Grancurt brought a plaint against Hugh de Polsted’, guardian of Walter’s two nieces, Hawis and Juliana. (S) English Women at Law, Orr, 1989, P81.
1200, Julianan de Chandos sued Hugh de Tabari and Hugh de Polsted for making her a nun. (S) Introduction to the Curia Regis Rolls, 1944, P210.
1200-1202, Hugh died.
1202, Cecily, a widow, holding dower at Compton answered for 40s scutage.
10/1204, Cecily de Polsted engaged as plaintiff defended a mort d’ancestor about an estate at Prittlewell by pleading that she held there only in dower, and vouched her son Hugh II to warrant. (S) 1235 Surrey Eyre, V2, 1979.
1206, Cecily de Polsted engaged in a suit.
5/1208, Cecily de Polsted engaged in litigation against Hugh de Windsor, otherwise de Horsley. (S) 1235 Surrey Eyre, V2, 1979, P230.
(S) A supplement to The Suffolk traveler, Page, 1844, P959. (S) Essay … County of Norfolk, V3, 1769, P745. (S) Essay … County of Norfolk, V7, Blomefield, 1807. (S) The 1235 Surrey Eyre, V2, Crook, 1979.

Children of Hugh and Cecily:
i. Hugh de Polsted (94561604), born ~1180 in England.
ii. Alice de Polsted born ? in England.

Alice married to Walter Gaugy. (S) Feet of Fines, Suffolk.

G28: 189124720 Thweng


189124720. Marmaduke de Thweng & 189124721. Margaret ?

~1170, Marmaduke born in England, s/o §Robert de Thweng.
5/27/1199, John succeeded King Richard I of England.
1199, Marmaduke a surety for Richard Malebisse, accused of the murder of Jews at York.
1199, Marmaduke de Tweng and Margaret his wife bequeathed a house and some land at Hartlepool, in the county of Durham, for the purpose of purchasing smocks for the nuns of St. Bartholomew at Newcastle upon Tyne. (S) Monasticon Anglicanum, Caley, 1823, P485.
1203, Marmaduke held a third of the East Yorkshire estate of Lund of the Bishop of Durham.
1204, Marmaduke paid 100s. to be tried by a jury of 12 lawful men in a trial of homicide.
1204, Robert fitz Roger, constable of Chester, and Peter de Brus, paid a fine of 40 marks to have Marmaduke de Thweng in their custody. [Marmaduke and Peter grandfathers of 47281180. Marmaduke de Thweng & 47281181. Lucy de Brus.]
1205, Marmaduke paid a fine of 3 marks to have seisin of 3 bovates that he held when he was put into the king’s prison; of which Hy. De Pudsey had taken possession. (S) Pubs. of the Harleian Society, V96, 1944, P372.
1208, Marmaduke and his brother William bound as sureties for Richard de Scal’.
1214, King John unsuccessfully invaded France trying to recover his lands.
1215, Marmaduke sided with the barons against King John.
6/19/1215 at Runnymede near Windsor, King John forced to agree to the terms of the Magna Carta.
5/12/1216, Prince Louis of France, after a successful landing, crowned King of England in London. In June, Louis captured Winchester and controlled half of England.
10/18/1216, King John died.
10/28/1216, Henry III, age 9, crowned king of England.
1217, Marmaduke made peace with the king.
9/7/1217, Marmaducus de Tweng et … de Bonin habent literas de conductu, … (S) CPRs.
9/12/1217, For 10,000 marks and some land exchanges, Prince Louis forfeited his claim to the English crown by the treaty at Kingston-on-Thames. A principal provision of the treaty was amnesty for English rebels.
1218, Marmaduke a part of a commission investigating the Bishop of Durham’s complaint concerning obstructions across the River Tyne.
9/30/1221, Order to take into the king’s hand without delay all of the king’s demesne lands, namely those demesnes of which King John, the king’s father, was seised at the beginning of the war between him and his barons. John de Birkin, Robert de Percy, Marmaduke of Thwing and Nicholas Basset to support the sheriff of Yorkshire. (S) FRsHIII.
1226, Marmaduke an itinerant justice in Yorkshire.
1226, Marmaduke involved in inspecting the condition of Scarborough and Pickering castles.
1227, Agreement between Sir Marmaduke de Thweng and William Constable, about a bovate of land in Killum, which Marmaduke had given to William in frank marriage with his daughter Cecilia.
1228, Robert de Tweng confirmed one oxgang of land; 6 carcuates in Kilham, and 7£ of rents in Lindesay, with the homage and service of Rogert de Hotham, all which his father Marmaduke gave in free marriage with Cecily his sister. (S) History and Antiquities of the Seigniory of Holderness, Poulson, 1841, P230.
1230, Marmaduke de Thweng, coroner of Yorkshire, was ill; and appointed his son Robert one of his attorneys against Geoffrey de Neville and Mabel his wife in a plea of death of an ancestor; and offering 100s. to have his parceners John de Amundeville and John de Atton summoned.
1230, Marmaduke died.

Children of Marmaduke and ?:
i. Robert de Thweng (94562360), born ~1200 in England.
ii. Cecilia de Thweng, born ? in England.

Cecilia married William Constable.
1227, Agreement between Sir Marmaduke de Thweng and William Constable, about a bovate of land in Killum, which Marmaduke had given to William in frank marriage with his daughter Cecilia.

Tuesday, January 29, 2013

G28: 189121650 FitzJohn


189121650. Payn Fitz John & 189121651. Sybilla de Lacy

Pain born in England, s/o §John de Burgo [called Monoculus.]
8/2/1100, Henry I crowned King of England.
1102, The lands of Roger de Montgomery given to Payne.
1104, Payne encouraged Philip de Braose to attack Builth.
1107, Richard de Belmeis promoted to the see of London, Pagan Fitz John succeeded as sheriff of Shropshire. (S) History of Shrewsbury, Owen, 1825, P76.
1114-20, Notification … grant to the canons of St. Oswald of a fair at Nostell. … attested … Pain Fitz-John.
Payn married a d/o Hugh de lacy of Ewyas Lacy. (S) Age of Conquest: Wales, Davies, 2000, P41.
1115, Ewias Lacy, lands of Hugh de Lacy, who died without issue, bestowed on Payn Fitz John by Henry I.
1115, Payn a witness to a royal charter to Geoffrey de Clive, bishop of Hereford.
10/16/1119, ‘Calixtus, Bishop [Pope Calixtus II], a servant of the servants of God, to his beloved sons, … ‘Pagano filio Johannis’, Bernard de Newmarch, … diocese of Llandaff, … plundered of its property … (S) Liber Landavensis, 1840, P562.
1120-23 at Windsor, Royal notification of the gift of the daughter of Geoffrey Ridel to Richard Basset to wife … at the prayer of Ranulf, earl of Chester … Pain Fitz-John …
5/1121, Pain fitz John witnessed the King’s grant of marriage to Milo of Gloucester of Sybill de Newmarch. (S) Women of the English Nobility, Ward, 1995, P27.
1121-22 at Clarendon, Royal confirmation, for the souls of the king’s late wife and son, to the canons of St. Oswald’s … attested by Nigel de Aubigny and Pain Fitz-John.
1126, Payn fitz John attested the agreement between Bishop Urban and Robert of Gloucester to end spoliation of church lands by Anglo-Norman laymen. (S) Book of Llandaf, Davies, 2003, P52.
9/1126, Payn given custody of the King’s prisoner Waleran of Meulan.
1126-27, Royal confirmation to the monks of St. Mary’s, Malvern, attested by Pain Fitz-John.
1127, Payn fitz John replaced Richard de Belmeis as curial justicia [viceroy] to oversee the protection of the central marches. (S) Anglo-Norman Studies, Lewis, 2007, P201.
1127, Confirmation to the monks of St. Mary’s, Malvern … attested by … Miles of Gloucester, … Pain fitz John, … Walter de Beauchamp, at Hereford.
1127-33, Miles of Gloucester and Pain fitz John witnessed gifts of Baldwin de Rivers to the canons of Breamore.
1127-28, Pain fitz John in the entourage of King Henry I in Normandy. (S) Henry I and the Anglo-Norman World, Fleming, 2007, P165. [King Henry invaded France to draw the forces of the French king away from conflicts in Flanders between William Clito and Thierry of Alsace.]
1128, Pain fitz John the new Viceroy of Bridgnorth castle, where he had custody of prisoner Meredyth ap Lhywarch. (S) Antiquities of Shropshire, V1, Eyton, 1854, P247.
1128, Payn fitz John named with others in a papal letter as despoilers of the lands of Urban, bishop of Llandaf. (S) Book of Llandaf, Davies, 2003, P52.
1129, Miles of Gloucester and Payn fitz John requested the king appoint a successor to Richard, bishop of Hereford.
1130, Pain Fitz-John a justice itinerant in Gloucester, Stafford, and Northampton in conjunction with Milo of Gloucester.
1130, Pain Fitz-John exempted from the Danegeld [of 40s] on his lands in Oxfordshire, Gloucestershire and Norfolk.
1131 at Waltham, Grant of the King for the use of the canons of the church of the martyrs Gervase and Protase of Sees … attested … Waleran count of Meulan, Hugh Bigot and Humphrey de Bohun sewers, Miles of Gloucester, … Payn fitz John, … Henry de Ferrers, … Geoffrey fitz Pain, ….
6/29/1131-10/1/1133, Pain Fitz-John witnessed a royal charter to St. Peter priory at Dunstable. (S) Record of the House of Gournay, Gurney, 1845, P232.
8/1131, Notification by Henry I … restored and granted to William, son of Walter de Beauchamp, his dispenser, the land that his father held from whatever lord; and his father's office of dispenser. … Witesses: … G[eoffrey] the chancellor; … Robert Earl of Leicester; Robert de Vere; Miles of Gloucester; Robert] deCurci; Hugh] Bigod; Humphrey de Bohun; Payn fitz John; Eustace fitz John; Geoffrey fitz Payn; William Maltravers; William de Albini, Smo ; … William Mauduit.
1132, Grant to the hospital of Falaise … attested by … William earl of Warren; the sewers Hugh Bigot, Humphrey de Bohun, and Robert de Curci; Geoffrey ftiz-Pain, Miles of Gloucester, Pain fitz-John, … and Aubrey de Ver, at Marden.
12/1132 at Windsor, Payn Fitz John attended the Christmas court of King Henry.
5/28-7/31/1133 at Winchester, Royal grant to the archbishop of Rouen … attested by Pain Fitz-John.
1134, Payne [or Pagan] held Caus castle, Shropshire. [It was destroyed by the Welsh while in his custody.]
Bef. 1135, Payne issued a writ addressed a writ to “the reeve of Hereford, whoever he may be, and to all the burghers of Hereford, French and English”.
1135, Pain fitz John sheriff of Shropshire and Hereford, and lord of Cwmwd of Ewyas, Wales.
12/22/1135, Stephen crowned king of England [usurping Empress Matilda, d/o King Henry I, and starting a long civil war.]
4/1136 at Westminister after King Stephen’s coronation, Payne signed King Stephen’s charter of Winchester.
1/5/1136, Payn fitz John attended the burial of King Henry I at Reading abbey with King Stephen.
1136 at Reading, King Stephen granted Pain, on doing his homage, all the lands he had held.
4/1136 at Oxford, Payn witnessed a royal charter.
6-8/1136, Payn at the siege of Exeter.
7/10/1137 in Wales near Cardigan, Payne, Lord of Ewyas, died; his head pierced by an arrow in battle against the Welsh; buried at Chapter House, Gloucester Abbey. [3000 English were killed in the battle.]
Bef. 1139, Sibilla de Lacy notified her bailiffs and foresters that she had donated land of Leghe near the church of St Michae” to ‘my uncle Walter abbot of Gloucester’, for the souls of ‘myself and my husband Payne Fitz-john’. (S) FMG
1139, Sybil holding Ludlow castle in dower; forced to surrender it to King Stephen.
(S) A History of Wales from the Earliest Times, V2, Lloyd, 1912. (S) The Age of Owain Gwynedd, Barbier, 1908. (S) English Historical Review, V34, 1919. (S) King Stephen, King, 2010. (S) Judges of England, Foss, V1, 1848, P117.

Family notes:

·         John de Burgo, Commanding General for William the Conqueror.
·         Eustace fitz John, also a northern baron, was the brother of Payn.
·         Payn and Eustace attest 84 charter over a period of 21 years. (S) Monarchy, Magnates, and Institutions; Hollister, 1986, P70.
·         Well known story: Payn was the chamberlain to King Henry I, providing a bottle of wine with a small meal before the king went to bed at night. The king never drank the wine, so Payn and the other servants consumed it after the king went to bed. One night the king awoke and called for the wine. Payn admitted that each night they had consumed the wine, and that there was none to be found. King Henry then authorized a gallon each night, a bottle for himself, and the rest for Payn and the servants. (S) History of Shrewsbury, Owen, 1825, P76.

Children of Payn and Sybil ?:
i. Agnes Fitz John (94560825), born ~1120 in England.
ii. Cicely Fitz John, born ? in England.

Cicely married Roger Fitz Walter, s/o Earl Milo Fitz Walter & Sybill de Newmarch.
1155, Roger died.
1198, William de Munchensi and his materanl aunt Countess Cicely tendered a fine to have their right in Ludelawe, Wibelay and Ewias. (S) Antiquities of Shropshire, V5, Eyton, 1857, P243.
1207, Cecily, countess of Hereford, died childless. Her heir was William de Munchensi, grandson of her sister Agnes [a coheir of Pain fitz John] who had married Hubert de Munchensi. (S) Collections for a History of Staffordshire, V1, 1880, P236.

G28: 189120780 Tatteshall-d'Aubigny


189120780. Sir Robert de Tatteshall & 189120781. Matilda d’Aubigny

By 1199, Robert born in England, s/o 378241560. Walter de Tateshal & 60838001. Iseult Pantulf.
5/27/1199, John succeeded King Richard I of England.
1199, Robert’s father died.
~1201, Matilda d’Aubigny born in England, d/o 973530514. Earl William D’Aubigny & 973530515. Mabel of Chester.
1214, Robert a minor.
10/28/1216, Henry III, age 9, crowned king of England.
Bef. 1222, Robert married Matilda.
7/11/1223, Order to the sheriff of Norfolk to place in respite the demand of 60 m. that he makes from Robert of Tattershall for the debt of Robert of Tattershall, his grandfather. (S) FRsHIII.
6/20/1227, Grant to Robert de Tateshale … weekly market at his manor of Shelfegh, and a yearly fair. (S) CCRs.
10/14/1229, ‘Robertus de Tatteshal’ witnessed a royal grant to ‘Petri filii Hereberti’. (S) PRsHIII, 1903, P311.
4/20/1230, ‘Radulfus de Noers, cum Roberto de Tatteshal’ [who is also named separately], letters of protection for going overseas in the king’s service. (S) PRsHIII, 1903, P358. [This could be the Robert of Lincolnshire.]
2/20/1233, Robert de Tateshale who held the castle of Bollesovre, has surrendered the castle to the king at Maidenestane. (S) CPRs.
1235, Robert de Shelton held one fee of Robert de Tateshal, and he of the Earl-Marshall. (S) Essay – History of the County of Norfolk, Blomefield, 1806, P264.
2/10/1238, Commission … prior of Brisete vs. Robert de Tatelshal, an assize of novel disseisin, tenement in Batesford. (S) CPRs.
1240, Agreement between Hugh, abbot of Kirkstead, and Robert son of Walter de Tattershall. (S) Reports of Papers, V23, 1895, P109.
1240, Three plough lands under Burrow [Leicestershire], one of which the fee of Robert, lord of Tateshal, who paid 2s to the sheriff’s aid; 12d for rent. (S) History of Market Harborough, Hill, 1875, P80.
1242, The king gave two bucks from the lands of Hugh de Albany, earl of Arundel; from his park at Buckenham, to Robert de Tateshale. (S) Some Account of English Deer Parks, Shirley, 1867, P116.
5/7/1243, Matilda a co-heiress to her brother, Earl Hugh D’Aubigny. Robert acquired the castle and manors of Bukenham, Wimondham, &c. for their capital seat.
Mabel died.
11/27/1243, Of the lands late of H. earl of Arundel … the king has assigned to Robert de Tateshall, son of Robert de Tateshal, the eldest born of the heirs of the said earl, the castle and manor of Bukeham, … (S) CPRs.
5/25/1244, Protection with clause volumus … going on the king’s service to Scotland and Wales … Robert de Tateshal. Robert de Tateshal the younger. … (S) CPRs.
Robert married 2nd Nichole de Grey [1226-1277], d/o Sir John de Grey & Emma de Glanville.
10/26/1247, Licence for Robert de Tateshal to sport this year in the king’s river of Weilound from the abbey of Peterborough to Staunford bridge. (S) CPRs.
1/13/1249, Grant to Robert de Tatesale of what pertains to the king for the trespass of Robert de Straston in entering his park of Witton. (S) CPRs.
7/16/1249, Robert died.
(S) Foundation for Medieval Genealogy.

Family notes:

·         A Robert of Tattershall of Lincolnshire, died by 1221, 1203, married to Rohaise [ who remarried to Robert de Lisle] is also in multiple records of this time. There are multiple records after 1221 of another Robert [married to Alice] in Lincolnshire, [identified as a grandson of Hugh le Breton/Brito.]

Child of Robert and Matilda:
i. Robert de Tatteshall (94560390), born 1222 in England.

Monday, January 28, 2013

G28: 189120592 Huntingfield-FitzWilliam


189120592. Sir William de Huntingfield & 189120593. Isabel Fitz William

~1160, William born in England, heir & s/o §Roger Fitz William & Alice de Senlis.
~1160, Isabel born in England, heir & d/o §William Fitz Roger & Aeliva ?.
Isabel 1st married Berenger de Cressy.
Isabel 2nd married Osmond de Stuteville.
9/3/1189, Richard I succeeded King Henry II of England.
Bef. 1194, William married widow Isabel ‘de Gressenhall’; when the abbot of St. Edmunds demanded against the said William and Isabel his wife the land of Wendling, Norf., as a member of the manor of Runton. (S) Honors and Knights’ Fees, Farrer, 1923.
1194, William in a dispute with William de Stuteville over Isabel’s dower.
1195, The abbot of St. Edmunds granted William and Isabel the vill of Wending, Norfolk, for 60s a year. (S) Records of the Anglo-Norman House of Glanville, Richards, 1882, P60.
1197, William and Isabel plaintiffs against William de Stuteville over Isabel’s dower lands. (S) Honors and Kinghts’ Fees, Farrer, 1925, P397.
1198, William de Hungingfeld and Isabel his wife conveyed by fine to William Batail, 60 acres in Swannington. (S) History and Antiquities of the County of Norfolk, Armstrone, 1781, P4.
5/27/1199, John crowned king of England.
1199, William and Isabel plaintiffs against William de Stuteville over Isabel’s dower lands. (S) Early Yorkshire Charters, Farrer, 1952, P35.
9/22/1199 at Caen, France, William de Huntingfeld a witness to a charter of King John to the city of Norwich [a confirmation of a charter of King Richard.] (S) Records of the City of Norwich, 1906, P14.
9/26/1203, William de Huntingfield, deputy of Hubert de Burgh, appointed Constable of Dover castle; giving a son and daughter as hostage for safe holding. (S) Viator, V5, 1975, P243.
1204, William’s mother died.
6/1205, William granted the manor of Clafford, Hampshire; except for the chattels and corn, for £30.
11/1205, William’s £30 fine pardoned.
Aft. 1206, William’s father died.
1207, Isabel died.
1208, William had custody of the lands of his younger brother Roger [a justiciar under papal interdict].
1208-10, William an itinerant justice of fines in Cambridge and Lincoln. (S) Judges of England, Foss, 1848, P83.
1210-11, William sheriff of Norfolk. (S) Vicemonites Norfolciae, 1843, P6.
1212, The Great Inquest of Service: William de Huntingfeld hold the fee of 1 knight in Mendam of the King in chief. (S) Lancanshire Inquests, Pt3, Farrer, 1903, P111.
1213, William gave the King 6 fair Norway goshawks for license to marry his daughter, Alice, widow of Richard de Solers.
1213, William held the office of accountant with Aburey de Vere, Earl of Oxford.
5/12/1214, King John gave the manor of Clafford, which William de Huntingfeld had held, to John de Harecurt. (S) Magni Rotule Scaccarii, V2, 1844, P205.
1214, King John unsuccessfully invaded France trying to recover his lands.
1214, William joined the confederacy of barons against the King with Richard earl of Clare, Roger de Cresci, Gilbert de Clare, and Robert fitz-Walter.
10/1214, King John returned to England.
5/5/1215, The revolting Barons formally renounced their allegiance to John and invited the King of France to invade England. [This was prevented by the Pope.]
6/19/1215 at Runnymede near Windsor, King John forced to agree to the terms of the Magna Carta.
11/20/1215 at Bury St. Edmunds, William elected as one of the 25 to guarantee observance of the Magna Carta. (S) History, Gazeteer and Dir. of Suffolk, 1874, P565.
12/16/1215, William excommunicated with the other barons.
5/12/1216, Prine Louis of France, after a successful landing, crowned King of England in London. In June, Louis captured Winchester and controlled half of England.
1216, William ravaged Essex and Suffolk for Prince Louis of France. King John in retaliation plundered William’s estates in Norfolk and Suffolk.
10/18/1216, King John died.
10/28/1216, Henry III, age 9, crowned king of England.
11/21/1216 at Hertford, William granted the village of Grimsby, Lincolnshire by Prince Louis, to be held of 2 knights’ fees. Witnesses: Seiher de Quency, earl of Winchester, Robert Fitz-Walter [Commander of the forces of the English barons.] (S) Guide to the Manuscripts, Warner, 1906, P41.
5/20/1217, William fought at the battle of Lincoln; the defeat of Prince Louis’ forces.
6/23/1217, All of William’s lands in Lincolnshire granted to John Marshall.
9/12/1217, For 10,000 marks and some land exchanges, Louis forfeited his claim to the English crown by the treaty at Kingston-on-Thames, called the Treaty of Lambeth. A principal provision of the treaty was amnesty for English rebels.
10/6/1217, William made peace with King Henry III and had his lands restored.
1218, William, son of Roger de Huntingfeld, gave land to the priory of castle-Acre on his founding of the monastery of Mendham, Norfolk. (S) Index Monasticus, Taylor, 1821, P15.
6/1219, William had leave to go to the holy land on crusade in an attempt by the Pope to retake Jerusalem. [Very few English knights went on this crusade.]
Bef. 1/25/1220, William died on crusade.
(S) Magna Carta Ancestry, P446. (S) Monasticon Anglicanum, V5, 1825, P56.

Family notes:

·         Roger Fitz William [de Huntingfeld] s/o Guillaume de Huntingfeld [died 1155] & Sibilla ? [died 1186].
·         Alice de Senlis [likely] d/o Lord Saire de Quincy & Lady Maud de Saint Liz.
·         1196, Charter of Hugh abbot of Sees … all their portion of the church of Mendeham … done with the assent and will of Roger de Huntingfeld, knight, patron. (S) Calendar of Documents Preserved in France, V1, 1899, P240.
·         2/1206 at Woodstock, Roger de Huntingfeld a judge with William de Wrotham, archdeacon of Taunton [chief judge], and John de Gestling. [7/1206 they were in London, 8/9/1206 in Stratford, 8/23/1206 in Colchester, 9/1206 in Canterbury, then at Westminster].

Child of William and Isabel: [1 son, 4 daughters.]
i. Roger de Huntingfield (94560296), born bef. 1200 in England.

Sunday, January 27, 2013

G28: 189118350 FitzGilbert-MacMurchada

189118350. Earl Richard fitz Gilbert de Clare & 189118351. Eve MacMurchada

1130, Richard born in England, s/o 378236700. Gilbert fitz Gilbert de Clare & 378236701. Isabel de Beaumont.
12/22/1135, Stephen crowned king of England. [Usurping Empress Matilda, d/o King Henry I; the next 18 years there would be civil war in England.]
4/15/1136, Richard’s uncle, Richard fitz Gilbert de Clare, killed in a Welsh ambush by Mogan ab Owain.
1138, Richard’s father named as Earl of Pembroke by King Stephen.
~1145, Eve [Aoife] born in Ireland, d/o 378236702. Dermot MacMurchada & 378236703. Mor Ni Tuathail.
1/6/1148, On his father’s death, Richard succeeded to the lands and castles.
11/6/1153, Richard, “comes de Penbroc”, witnessed the Treaty of Wallingford [aka Windsor/Westminster], which recognized Henry, Duke of Anjou [s/o Empress Matilda], as heir to the throne of England.
12/19/1154, Henry II succeeded King Stephen of England. [King Henry began a systematic reclamation of demesne lands alienated by King Stephen.]
12/1154, King Henry II did not recognize Richard’s title to Pembroke; inherited by his father from his uncle Walter de Clare and granted by King Stephen, nor as lord of Orbec and Bienfaite in Normandy, inherited by his father from his uncle Roger de Clare and granted by King Henry I.
1155, Richard attended an English royal court [his last recorded until 1168.] (S) Medieval Ireland, Duffy, 2005, P734.
1/1156 at Dover, Richard fitz Gilbert witnessed the King’s creation of Aubrey de Vere as earl of Oxford.
1159, Rhus ap Gruffydd attacked castles in Wales. Reginald of Cornwall, William of Gloucester, Roger of Hertford, Richard of Pembroke [lord of Striguil], and Patrick of Salisbury marched together [unsuccessfully] against Rhys. (S) History of Wales, V2, Lloyd, 1911, P511.
1164, Richard inherited the manor of Fitz Aufculfs [in Mershe] from Walter Giffard, earl of Buckingham. (S) History and Antiquities – Buckingham, Willis, 1755, P238. [Inherited through his mother, Richard should have received more lands, but King Henry refused to release them.]
1166, Richard Strongbow of Strigul, held 83 knights’ fees in England and Wales. (S) War, Government and Aristocracy in the British Isles, Given-Wilson, 2008, P15. [Assessed on the aid of marrying the King’s daughter.]
1167, Norsemen supported Roderic O’Connor of Connaught, claimant to the high kingship of Ireland, drove into exile their overlord, Dermot [Eve’s father.]
8/1167, Dermot MacMurchada, lord of Leinster, arrived in Bristol, along with his daughter Aoife, and went to the home of Robert fitz Harding, a wealthy merchant, money-lender, and favorite of King Henry’s. Dermot had gone to King Henry in Normandy and gained permission to recruit knights from Henry’s lands in Wales and the Marches for his battle to regain his own lordship of Leinster in Ireland. One of those recruited was his future son-in-law Strongbow. [Strongbow was initially reluctant to go to Ireland. Robert fitz Stephen and Maurice fitz Gerald did send forces.]
9/1167, Richard, earl of Strigoil, escorted Princess Matilda to Minden, Germany to marry Henry the Lion, Duke of Saxony and Bavaria.
7/1168, Dermot offered Strongbow lands in Ireland, his daughter Eve in marriage, and the lordship of Leinster on Dermot’s death if he supported his battle to regain his own lordship of Leinster in Ireland.
1168, Richard attended royal court to receive permission to marry. (S) Medieval Ireland, Duffy, 2005, P734.
5/1170, Richard, earl of Strangul, giving command to Raymond le Gros, sent many of his vassals from Wales to Ireland [1200 soldiers]. (S) Journal of the Waterford & South-East of Ireland, V6, 1900, P88. [1170 – The forces defeated in battle at Baginbun Head a combination of Irish and Danes.]
1170, Strongbow’s departure from England to be delayed by a messenger of King Henry, who arrived too late. Strongbow left from Milford Haven.
8/23/1170, Strongbow landed with 200 men-at-arms and 1000 archers at Waterford, Ireland.
8/28/1170, Strongbow and Dermot, providing 500 ‘gallowglasses’ – infantry equipped and armed after like the Norwegians, took Waterford from the Danes.
8/29/1170, Strongbow married Eve in the cathedral at Waterford, Ireland.
1170, Strongbow and Dermot marched on Dublin; taking a circuitous route over the mountains that bypassed prepared defenses. Strongbow met with the Ostmen of the city, and at the same time sent Raymond le Gros and Miles de Cogan to attack the city, which was captured. [The English now had a port in which to support a major invasion.]
1170, By the general assembly of Irish clergy at Armagh, it was decreed that all Englishmen who were held in bondage should be freed. [The Irish were worried about an all-out invasion and conquest by the English – which would occur a year later.]
1170–1171, Strongbow’s battles continued; conquering much of southeastern Ireland.
4/1171, King Henry II became alarmed at the success of Richard’s knights; and fearing their growing strength and possible motives, he ordered all his knights in Ireland to return to England on pain of forfeiture of their lands in England, Wales and Normandy.
5/1/1171, Diarmait died at Ferns; leaving no sons, Strongbow, his son-in-law taking the title King of Leinster. [According to Norman law; but by Irish law a king could not name a successor, he had to be elected.]
5/1171, Ruaidri Ua Chonchobhair, King of Connaught, with and army of about 30,000, laid siege to Strongbow and the city of Dublin.
6/1171, 600 of Strongbow’s men, separated into 3 divisions, surprised, defeated and routed the Irish army [who were caught bathing in the river.]
7/1171, Strongbow, King of Leinster, met Henry II at Newnham in Gloucester. King Henry took from Strongbow most of the lands that Strongbow himself had either conquered and granted them back to Strongbow as lands held by the grace of the king. Richard granted his father-in-law’s title of King of Leinster.
10/1171, After the English Pope Adrian granted Ireland to King Henry, Henry landed at Waterford. [The English domination of Ireland began.] Strongbow met the King and surrendered the port cities of Ireland. (S) Oxford Encyclopedia of Medieval Warfare, 2010, P216.
1171-72, Richard, earl of Pembroke, grant lands of Cluenliff to the abbey of the Blessed Virgin Mary near Dublin. (S) History of the City of Dublin, V1, 1818, P301.
3/1172 at Wexford, Ireland, Earl Richard fitz Gilbert (of Strigoil and Pembroke), witnessed a royal charter to Hugh de Lacy of the land of Meath.
4/17/1172, King Henry left Ireland leaving Hugh de Lacy as justiciar, holding Dublin and Meath; Robert fitz Bernard in custody of Waterford and Wexford; and Richard, earl of Strigoil, in possession of Leinster.
4/1173, King Henry II’s sons in Normandy revolted, and Strongbow responded to a call for support by Henry. Strongbow intially was assigned to defend the castle at Gisors.
8/9/1173, Strongbow participated in the capture [after a siege] of Verneuil, Normandy.
9/1173, Strongbow participated in the siege of Breteuil, Normandy. [Richard had proven his military skills and his fealty.]
1173, King Henry ordered Strongbow back to Ireland to control it as the king’s representative; granting him the governing of Ireland, the city of Wexford, the castle of Wicklow, and the constableship of Waterford and Dublin.
1174, Richard founded a priory of Knights Templars at Kilmainham. (S) Picture of Dublin, Curry, 1835, P241.
1174, Richard defeated on an expedition into Connaught.
1175, Strongbow returned to England for the signing of the Treaty of Windsor between Henry and Ruaidri Ua Chonchobhair, King of Connaught [and given all of Ireland outside of Leinster, Meath, and Waterford.] (S) Oath of Fealty, Scott, 2009, P99.
1175, King Henry ordered Richard, Norman earl of Lower Gwent, to restore Caerleon to Iorwerth ab Owain. (S) Medieval Boundaries, Kinoshita, 2006, P121.
10/1175 at Marlborough, Earl Richard of Striguil witnessed a royal charter to the monks of Christ Church, Canterbury.
4/5/1176, ‘Richardus comes de Streguel filius comitis Gisleberti’ died of an of infection in a leg or foot; buried in Holy Trinity Church in Dublin with his uncle-in-law Lawrence, bishop of Dublin, presiding.
Bef. 1184, Eve given her dower rights by King Henry.
1185, Aoife [Eve], styled Countess of Ireland.
1185, King Henry granted the lordship of Ireland to his son John, including the lordship of Leinster.
1186, Aoife [Eve], styled Countess of Strigoil.
1188, Eve, “comtissa de Hibernia”, confirmed a charter in Ireland.
1189, Eve, countess of Ireland, held many estates in England in dower. (S) Ideals and Practice of Medieval Knighthood II, Harper-Bill, 1988, P16.
9/3/1189, Richard I succeeded King Henry II of England.
(S) A Baronial Family in Medieval England: The Clares 1217-1314, Altschul, 1965. (S) Strongbow’s Conquest of Ireland, Clare, 1888.
Family notes:
·         Richard, “Strongbow” [for his skill and use of the long bow of the men of Gwent], Earl of Pembroke and Lord of Leinster. [His father was also known as Strongbow.]

Children of Richard and Eve:
i. Isabel de Clare (94559175), born 1172 in Ireland.
ii. Gilbert de Clare, born ~1173 in Ireland.

1185, Gilbert died while still a minor.

Sunday, January 20, 2013

G28: 189118342 Eu-Warenne


189118342. Count Henry of Eu & 189118343. Maud de Warenne

12/19/1154, Henry II succeeded King Stephen of England.
~1157, Henry born in England, s/o 378236684. John, Count of Eu & 378236685. Alice de Albini.
~1165, Maud born in England, d/o 94559120. Earl Hamelin Plantagenet & 94559121. Isabel Warren.
Maud 1st married to Osbert de Preaux.
1170, Henry’s father died holding 66.5 knights’ fees; Henry under age.
4/1173, Henry supported the revolt of the eldest 3 sons of King Henry II. (S) History of England, V1, Goldsmith, 1831, P135.
1173-74, The revolt, combined with the conflicts between the counts of Eu and Aumale, devastated the marches from Verneuil to the county of Eu. (S) Companion to the Anglo-Norman World, Harper-Bill, 2003, P66.
3/19/1178 at Bec, Comte Henry of Ewe (de Augo) witnessed a royal grant to the abbey of Bec of £100 yearly.
1177-8, Henry married Matilda.
1178, Henry witnessed a charter of his mother of the gift of the manor of Snargate to Robertsbridge abbey, Sussex: “my father William Earl of Arundel, my mother Queen Adeliza, my husband John Count of Eu, my brother Godfrey, and my daughters Matilda and Margaret [who were all deceased.]
1180, Henry confirmed a charter to the monks of Robertsbridge  the whole fee of Fodilande, which they bought from Reginald de Meneriis and Maud his wife. (S) Report on the Manuscripts of Lord de L’Isle, V1, 1925, P37.
1181, Assize of Arms: “And every knight shal have as many shirts of mail, helmets, shields, and lances … “ … Henry, count of Eu wrote the he had 6.5 knights enfeoffed on his demesne and gave their names. (S) Feudal Assessments, Keefe, 1983, P205.
12/1182, Henry, count of Eu, a member of the assizes of Christmas Court at Caen, France. (S) Feudal Assessments, Keefe, 1983, P104.
3/11/1183, Henry, 6th Count of Eu, Baron of Hastings, Sussex; died, buried at Foucarmont.
1185-89, Charter of Henry II confirming to the church of St. Mary, Eu, a gift of Henry count of Eu, son of count John. (S) Cal. of Doc.’s Preserved in France, V1, Round, 1899, P525.
9/3/1189, Richard I succeeded King Henry II of England.
Maud married 2nd Henry de Stuteville. (S) Plantegenet Ancestry, Richardson, P292.
1207, Maud [de Longueville – as she is known by the French] died.
(S) Yorkshire Arch. And Topo. Journal, V9, 1886, P276, P300. (S) Court, Household and Itinerary of King Henry II, Eyton, 1878.

Child of Osbert and Maud:

i. Peter de Preaux, born ~1175 in England.
Child of Henry and Maud:
i. Ralph de Hastings, born ? in England.

1186, Ralph died as a minor, his sister Alice his heir.

ii. Guy de Hastings, born ? in England.

1185, Guy died as a minor.

iii. Alice de Hasting (94559171), born ~1182 in Sussex, England.

Saturday, January 19, 2013

G28: 189118302 Emperor Isaac Angelus


189118302. Emperor Isaac II Angelus & 189118303. Eirene ?

9/1156, Issac born in Greece, s/o §Andronikos Dukas Angelos & Euphrosyne Kastamonitissa.
Aft. 9/24/1180, King Bela III of Hungary [who likely knew Isaac since he had been educated at court in Constantinople] invaded and captured Croatia, Dalmatia and the Srem from the Byzantine empire.
9/1183, Andronikos I Komnenos [Isaac’s cousin] crowned co-emperor with Alexis II [age 14] in Constantinople.
10/1183, Andronikos I Komnenos had Alexis II strangled with a bow string. [Andronikos I Komnenos was not liked.]
1184, King Bela III took Beograd, Branicevo and the valley of the Morava river from the Byzantine empire.
1185, Isaac’s father died.
1185, While Emperor Andronikos I Komnenos was away from Constantinople, his lieutenant, Stephen Hagiochristophorites, attempted to arrest Isaac. Isaac killed the lieutenant by splitting his head with an axe, and took refuge in the Hagia Sofia. (S) Byzantine Empresses, Garland, 1999, P211.
9/1185, Isaac declared Emperor. When Andronikos I Komnenos returned, he had to flee by boat, but was captured.
9/12/1185, Isaac executed Andronikos I Komnenos.
1185, Issac and King Bela III made a peace agreement; which included Isaac marrying a daughter of King Bela.
1185-86, Isaac increased taxes; a difficult burden for Romanian sheep farmers.
11/7/1185, Isaac defeated Norman King William II of Sicily at the battle of Demetritzes [modern Sidirokastro, Greece, on the banks of the Strymon]; but failed to take Cyprus.
1185-86, Isaac sent 80 galleys to liberate his brother Alexis III from Acre [unsuccessful.]
1/1186, Isaac married 2nd Margaret of Hungary, d/o King Bela III, receiving the valley of the Morava river as her dowry. (S) The Wars of the Balkan Peninsula, Madrearu, 2008, P71.
1186, Bulgarians near Anchialos (Pomorje) attacked Isaac’s fortresses in eastern Bulgaria under the leadership of Alexios Vranas.
1186, Isaac led expeditions [unsuccessful] against Bulgarians  and Walachians.
1186, Isaac sent a force of 70 ships against Isaac Komnenos of Cyprus which were decimated in defeat. [Cyprus would be captured in 1191 by King Richard I of England.]
1187, Isaac made an agreement in which the Venetian Republic would provide 40–100 galleys on 6 months notice in exchange for favorable trading concessions.
9/1187, Alexios Vranas, Isaac’s military commander, attempted to sieze Constantinople.
1/6/1188, Isaac sent an embassy to Saladin, sultan of Egypt and Syria, congratulating him on his liberation of Jerusalem. (S) The Third Crusade, Nicolle, 2005, P16.
1188, Isaac renewed a peace agreement [formerly made by Andronikos I Komnenos], with Saladin, sultan of Egypt and Syria. [Patriarch Dositheus of Constantinople offers unconditional absolution to any Greek killing a Westerner.]
6/1188, Isaac recognized the 2nd Bulgarian empire; an automomous state with the empire granted as a lifetime possession to two Romanians, Asan and Theodore.
1188-89, Emperor Isaac used Turkish mercenaries to ambush forces on the way to the Holy Land.
1189, Issac and William II of Sicily made a peace agreement.
1189, King Philip Agustus of France wrote to Isaac asking permission to travel through Byzantine land on the way to the Holy Land.
9/1189, Emperor Frederick sent an embassy to Isaac; which Isaac took hostage. Because of this, Emperor Frederick threatened to attack Constantinople.
11/1189, King William II of Sicily died.
1/21/1190, Isaac II Angelus concluded the Treaty of Anrianople [negotiated with the help of King Bela III] with Emperor Frederick I, agreeing to provide transport for his forces from Hellespont to Asia Minor.
6/10/1190, Emperor Frederick died on the way to the Holy Land. [Isaac was now free to invade the Balkans.]
1190, Isaac, with the help of King Bela III, invaded and defeated the Serbian Grand Prince Stefan Nemanja [of Rascia] in battle. By Treaty, Serbia remained independent, but was under Byzantine influence [Isaac gave Stefan an imperial title].
10/1191, Emperor Isaac met with his father-in-law King Bela III.
5/1192, Isaac sent and embassy to Saladin, seeking an alliance against Western Europeans. On return, the embassy vessel was captured Genoese ships. (S) Crusades from the Perspective of Byzantium, Laiou, 2001, P157.
11/1192, Isaac wrote to the Commune of Genoa describing the attack and asking for compensation of 96,000 hyperpyra and 566 nomismata. Isaac stated that without restitution, he would take the money from Genoese merchants [and those of Pisa] in Constantinople. [Isaac soon took 20,000 hyperpyra from the merchants.]
10/1193, Isaac wrote to the city of Genoa explaining why he had confiscated the merchandise of Genoese merchants. Genoa claimed the attackers were outlaws. [Genoa and Isaac came to a settlement.]
1194, Isaac defeated at the battle of Arcadiopolis [modern Lule Burgas in Turkey].
3/1195, Isaac assembled an army near the city of Cypsela for an invasion of Bulgaria.
4/8/1195, Isaac II Angelus deposed, blinded, and imprisoned with his son Alexius; by his brother Alexius III.
1195-6, Isaac’s son Alexis IV escaped imprisonment.
4/23/1196, King Bela III of Hungary died.
12/25/1201 at Hagenau, Alexis IV visited Philip of Swabia, King of Germany at his Christmas court. [Philip married to Alexis’ sister Irene.] (S) Pope Innocent III, Moore, 2003, P108.
5/1202, at Rome, Boniface of Montferrat proposed to Pope Innocent III the restoration of Isaac Angelus with the support of the crusaders – which was refused. (S) Cambridge Medieval History, Vs1-5.
4/1203, Isaac’s son Alexis joined the crusaders sailing from Zara in Greece.
1203, All the crusaders reached Durazzo, where Alexis IV was received as their emperor.
6/24/1203, The crusader fleet anchored off the abbey of St. Stephen, 7 miles south of Constantinople. After a brief skirmish, Alexius IV demanded the surrended of his uncle Alexius III as a traitor and usurper.
7/1203, Constantinople captured; Isaac released from prison by crusaders, led by his son Alexius, and restored to office.
8/1/1203, The young Alexius IV crowned co-emperor with his father. [Alexius agreed to pay the crusaders and the Doge of Venice 200,000 marks to put him on the throne of Constantinople. (S) Archimedes Codex, Netz, 2007.]
2/1204, Issac died after his son Alexis.
(S) History of the Crusades, V-II, Setton, 2006. (S) Oxford Encyclopedia of Medieval Warfare, V1, 2010, P409.

Children of Isaac and Eirene:
i. Alexis IV, born ? in Byzantium.

Aft. 1195, Alexis escaped imprisonment.
2/8//1204, Alexis killed during a conflict between the crusaders and the people of Constantinople.

ii. Irene Angelina (94559151), born ~1180 in Byzantium.

G28: 189118300 Emperor Frederick I


189118300. Emperor Frederick I & 189118301. Beatrice, Countess of Burgundy

5/23/1125, Holy Roman Emperor Henry V died leaving no legitimate children. Emperor Henry V left his possessions to his nephew Duke Frederick II of Swabia, s/o of his sister Agnes.
1125, After a power struggle, Lothar III [Welf] elected King of Germany.
1125-6, Frederick “Red Beard” [Barbarosa] born in Germany; s/o 378236600. Duke Frederick II Hohenstaufen & 378236601. Judith of Bavaria.
3/7/1138, Frederick’s uncle Konrad elected King of Germany on the death of Lothar. Civil war broke out between the Ghibellines [Hohenstaufen] and the Guelfs [Welfs].
Frederick 1st married to Adelheid of Vohnburg [no children.]
5/1142, King Conrad III [never crowned Emperor] and Welf leader Henry the Lion reached a peace agreement.
1143, Beatrice born in Burgundy, heiress & d/o §Renaud III, count of Burgundy & Agatha of Lorraine.
1143, Rebellious Roman citizens reconstituted the Senate and formed a commune [leaving the Pope his sanctuary in the Vatican – 12/25/1145 reinvested as head of the church after recognizing the republic.]
Frederick the Red denounced as his enemy Henry of Wolfrathshausen [young Henry the Lion, who’s father had died in 1139] and invaded Bavaria [Welf lands]. Frederick captured Conrad of Dachau [who he later released without a ransom demand.]
Bef. 1147, Frederick captured the town of Zurich in Swabia.
2/1147, Frederick took the cross of a crusader in Bavaria.
4/6/1147, Frederick became duke of Swabia on the death of his father, Frederick the One-Eyed.
6/1147, Frederick attended the 2nd crusade with his uncle King Konrad III.
1147, King Conrad’s crusader army left from Nuremberg going southeast to Regensburg, where they boarded ships to travel down the Danube.
9/7/1147, The crusaders reached the town of Cherevach west of Constantinople. The army camped to await those trailing behind. They were surprised by a sudden storm that caused loss of life and supplies.
10/25/1147, The Germans were ambushed by Turks [probably with help from the Greeks] at Dorylaeum. Most of the foot soldiers were killed or captured.
1/22/1148, Beatrice’s father died; she became “suo jure’ countess of Burgundy.
4/1148, The German crusaders left Constantinople before the French. They were carried in Turkish ships.
6/24/1148 at Acre, at a High Court of Jerusalem, King Louis of France, Emperor Conrad III, and Baldwin, King of Jerusalem met. The Council decided that the best move in defense of the holy lands would be to retake Damascus.
1148, At Damascus, due to heat, lack of water, and disagreements on plans, the seige failed after 4 days.
1148, Conrad led the Germans in an attack on Ascalon which failed.
1148, The Germans returned by ship, landing at Thessaly, Greece; where King Conrad sent Duke Frederick ahead to assess the condition of empire. Frederick traveled through Bulgaria and Pannonia.
4/1149, Frederick reached Germany; where he had several of the ministers of state executed.
1150, King Conrad’s eldest son Henry died; leaving as heir the younger brother Frederick, age 4.
2/15/1152 at Bamberg, Frederick with his uncle Konrad at his death; given preference over Konrad’s own 6-year-old son to succeed.
3/4/1152 at Frankfurt, Frederick elected King of Germany. The Welf faction was headed by his maternal 1st cousin Henry the Lion.
3/9/1152 at Aachen [Aix-la-Chapelle], Frederick crowned King of Germany.
3/1152, Frederick advanced on the lower Rhine and attacked the city of Utrecht.
4/1152, Frederick celebrated Easter at Cologne [the largest city of western Europe at the time].
3/23/1153, Frederick concluded the Treaty of Constance with Pope Eugene III.
5/1153, Frederick held a general assembly at Merseburg on Whitsunday. Peter, king of the Danes, attended.
7/8/1153, Pope Eugene III died; succeeded by Pope Anastasius IV.
12/1153, Frederick held court at Speyer.
10/1154, Frederick assembled an army near Augsburg; then crossed the Alps, camping near Verona [in Lombardy, west of Venice, east of Milan – the capital], which was in rebellion. [Of modern Italy, the north part belonged to Germany, the middle to Rome, and the south was Sicily – land of King William I of Norman descent.]
11/30/1154, Frederick stopped for 5 days on the plain of Roncaglia, on the Po river, near Piacenza.
12/3/1154, Pope Anastasius IV died; succeeded by Pope Hadrian IV.
12/25/1154, Frederick celebrated Christmas near Milan.
1154-55, Frederick burned the fortress of Rosate; and then destroyed 3 other fortresses around the city; then marched through Vercelli and Turin [cities west of Milan.]
1155, Frederick attacked Chieri and Asti, which was burnt [the populace had abandoned the town on his approach].
2/1155, Frederick then laid siege to Tortona [southwest of Milan ]. The fortress fell in 4 days.
4/10/1155, The city of Tottona surrendered. Frederick set the city in flames. [The city of Pavia asked Frederick to come to celebrate the victory.]
4/17/1155 at Pavia [half way between Tortona and Milan], Federick crowned King of Italy [they celebrated for 3 days.]
1155, Frederick proceeded through Lombardy, to Romagna and Tuscany, to Rome; where he gained entry to St. Peter’s at night. [The army was encamped at Tivoli, east of Rome.]
6/18/1155 in Rome at St. Peter’s Basilica, Frederick crowned Holy Roman Emperor by Pope Adrian IV. The same day, Frederick had to suppress a revolt, killing over 1000 Roman citizens who believed he should have received the crown from the people, not the Pope.
6/1155, Frederick moved his army to Albano.
7/27/1155, Frederick captured Spoleto [NNE of Rome, which had failed to pay their tribute], destroying the city.
9/1155, Frederick captured Verona [half way between Milan and Venice] with an army of 1800.
10/1155, Frederick invested Henry the Lion with the duchy of Bavaria.
6/9/1156 at Wurzburg, Frederick married Beatrice.
7/1156, Frederick held court at Nuremburg.
9/1156 at Cologne, Frederick settled a long-term dispute between Henry Jsomirgott, his paternal uncle, and Henry the Lion, over the duchy of Bavaria. [This created the duchy of Austria.]
4/1157, Frederick guraranteed the rights of Jews in matters of law, and declared that none should be forcibly converted to Christianity.
1157, Frederick, by the grace of God emperor of the Romans .. to his beloved uncle Otto [bishop of Friesing – one of the primary biographers of Frederick] … briefly compiled … the things performed by us since our accession to the throne, …
8/22/1157, Frederick invaded Poland, which was in rebellion – not attending diets and not sending an annual 500 mark tribute. Duke Boleslav eventually submitted to large penalties and swore to come to the diets.
9/1157 at Wurzburg, Frederick knighted by an embassy from his aunt, the Empress of Constantinople [Bertha, sister of Conrad III].
10/1157, Frederick held a diet at Besancon in Burgundy; where he received an embassy and letter from Pope Hadrian claiming indirectly that he held his empire by the grace of the Pope.
1/13/1158, Frederick held a diet at Regensburg where he delt with issues about Hungary.
6/1158, Frederick, from the city of Augsburg, invaded Italy, supported by Henry the Lion, duke of Saxony and Bavaria. Frederick crossed the Alps arriving northwest of Verona. They then traveled south to Modoena to await additonal soldiers from south of the Alps.
7/4/1158, Frederick and his army moved towards Milan and crossed the Adda.
8/5/1158, Dividing his army into 7 divisions, Frederick began a siege of Milan.
9/8/1158, The Milanese and Emperor Frederick made peace; the Milanese agreeing to swear fealty, to erect a royal palace, to pay money owed amounting to 9000 marks of silver or gold, and to provide 300 hostages.
11/11/1158, Frederick held a diet for all Italian cities and nobles at Roncaglia.
2/2/1159, Frederick celebrated Candlemas in the town of Oxximiano, where many of the nobles of Italy attended the ceremony.
4/12/1159, Planning another attack on Milan, Frederick spent Easter at Modena, where he learned the Milanese had captured his fortress at Trezzo [on 4/13/1159] where he kept a large treasure.
6/1159, Frederick dismissed most of his Italian troops at Lodi, awaiting German reinforcements crossing the Alps.
7/15/1159, Frederick laid a trap for Milanese forces and killed or captured about 750.
7/20/1159, Duke Henry [the Lion] arrived with the forces from Germany.
7/1159, Frederick besieged Crema, aligned with Milan, at the instigation of the city of Cremona. Because of attrocities commited by the city’s soldiers, Frederick executed his hostages, including a nephew of the archbishop of Milan. [During this time Frederick visited Beatrice who was staying in the fortress of San Bassano.]
9/1/1159, Pope Adrian IV [Hadrian] died; Pope Alexander III and Antipope Victor IV both elected by rival factions [and who later excommunicated each other].
9/1159, The Duke of Spoleto arrived with more forces.
10/23/1159, From Crema, Frederick wrote a letter to the Bishop of Brixen about the papal schism.
1/27/1160, Crema surrendered. About 20,000 were allowed to leave the city with what they could carry before it was looted and burned to the ground.
2/5/1160 at Pavia, Frederick called a diet at which he recognized Victor IV as Pope.
7/25/1160, Frederick held a diet at Erfurt, at which he requested reinforcements to attack Milan.
5/1161, Frederick launched an attack on Milan, after 1st offering surrender terms which were rejected.
3/6/1162, Frederick captured and destroyed Milan; “of the entire city, not a fiftieth part was left standing.”
5/1162, Piacenza surrendered to Frederick; which was required to destroy it walls.
5-6/1162, Frederick made agreements with the cities of Genoa and Pisa, maritime cities of the north. [Fredrick was planning a maritime invasion of Sicily.]
7/1162, Frederick crossed the Alps into Burgundy.
8/29/1162, Emperor Frederick and King Louis, their armies camped on opposite sides of the  Saone river between Dole and Dijon, “missed seeing each other” at the bridge of St. Jean de Losne. [They did not want to meet as arranged because of continuing disagreement over who should be pope.] Count Henry I “the Liberal”, Count of Champagne and Troyes, the primary mediator between Emperor Frederick I and King Louis VII of France. [Soon after King Louis and King Henry II of England gave their support to Pope Alexander III.]
4/16/1163, Abbess Hildegard of Bingen [mystic, writer and composer] given letters of protection by Frederick as she undertook 4 extended missions through Germany. (S) Norton/Grove Dictionary of Women Composers, Sadie, 1994, P217.
6/1163 at Nuremburg, Frederick received 4 papal legates, 2 of them Cardinals, from Pope Alexander III.
10/1163, Frederick again crossed the Alps into Italy.
3/1164, Frederick held a diet at Parma and announced his plans to march on Rome. [But resistance was stiffening primarily through the League of Verona: Genoa, Venice, Vicenza, Padua and Verona.]
4/26/1164, Pope Victor IV died.
6/1164, Frederick unsuccessfully attacked Verona.
4/15/1165, at Rouen, Empress Matilda, d/o King Henry I, refuses to see ambassadors of the Emperor Frederick [who wanted to negotiate marriages of King Henry II’s daughters – Matilda’s son. King Henry II, accepted the ambassadors.]
5/23/1165 at Wurzburg, Frederick held court and recognized Paschal III as Pope [replacing Victor IV]. Because they would not support Paschal, the Cistercians were expelled from Germany.
12/25/1165, Frederick celebrated Christmas at Aachen, when he began the process of canonization of Charlemagne.
10/1166, Frederick invaded Italy with Rome and the associated papal states as his target. [Willliam I of Sicily had died the previous May, leaving a minor as his heir; the main papal alliance in opposition to Frederick.]
1167, Frederick laid siege to Ancona.
5/29/1167, Frederick’s forces defeated the communal Roman army at the battle of Monte Porzio, southeast of Rome. [Frederick was still at the siege of Ancona.]
7/24/1167, Frederick and his army arrived at Rome. On the Tiber river they first took Monte Maria, then the castle of St. Angelo, and then set fire to the church of Santa Maria in Turi. Pope Alexander III fell back to a fortified castle near the Coliseum. Eventually, Pope Alexander had to flee [disguised as a pilgrim.]
8/1/1167 in St. Peters, Beatrice crowned Empress of the Holy Roman Empire by Pope Paschal. [The next day a severe storm caused the sewers to overflow. Disease then ravaged his army, and Frederick retreated to Germany.]
9/12/1167, Frederick and his army encamped at Pavia.
12/1/1167, The League of Verona combined with the League of Cremona, creating a 16-city alliance against Frederick [seeking independence.]
2/1168, By arrangement of Frederick [in 1165], King Henry II of England’s eldest daughter, Matilda, married Henry the Lion, duke of Saxony [who had not accompanied Frederick on his campaign against Rome.]
1168, Frederick, with only a small force, decided to return to Germany via Savoy [rather than cross the Alps where he could be attacked and have little maneuverability.] Attacked on the way, Frederick fled in disguise.
3/1168, Frederick reached Burgundy, from where he returned to Germany.
1168, Frederick built up fortresses in Dahn and Trifels; and began a 6-year program of construction within Germany.
6/24/1168 at Bamberg, Frederick named his younger son Henry as King of the Romans.
4/20/1169, Frederick celebrated Easter at Alsace.
1169, Frederick granted the city of Poppenhusen important commercial privileges. (S) Families of German Ancestry, Schlegel, 2003, P99.
1170, Frederick limited the powers of church advocates, and barred all but bishops invested with regalia to coin money.
2/1171, Emperor Frederick met King Louis VII of France at Maxey-sur-Vaise to discuss the papal issue, and outstanding issues between the Empire and France.
1172, Frederick planned another expedition into Italy.
1173, Frederick began 4 new 14-day annual fairs, 2 at Aachen and 2 at Duisburg, during which all traders were exempt from paying dues.
1174, Humbert III of Savoy, “the Saint”, siding with the Pope Alexander III, was deprived of many of his titles in war against Emperor Frederick I.
9/1174, Frederick crossed the Alps with an army of mercenaries, mostly from Brabant; attacking Piedmont and Susa. [Christian of Mainz was already in Lombardy with a small army sent earlier by Frederick.]
10/1174, Frederick laid siege to Alexssandria.
4/13/1175, Frederick ended the siege at Alessandria with the approach of a coalition of northern Italian armies; and retreated to Pavia.
5/29/1176, Frederick defeated and wounded at the battle of Legnano near Milan. Frederick supported by the forces of Count Floris III of Holland.
11/1176, By the Peace of Anagni, Frederick recognized Alexander III as Pope.
12/12/1176, Frederick completed a treat with the city of Cremona. [Which was followed by agreements with many other cities.]
7/21/1177, Frederick signed peace agreements with Sicily and the Lombardy League.
7/24/1177, Frederick brought to San Niccolo del Lido by Venetian galleys where 3 Cardinals absolved him of excommunication.
8/1/1177, Count Floris III of Holland, a guarantor for Emperor Frederick in an agreement with Pope Alexander III [Treaty of Venice – considered the crowning achievement of Frederick’s reign – his imperial majesty was now recognized by all Christendom]. (S) Contemporary Numistatics, Loon, 1995, P35.
12/4/1177 at Osimo, Frederick published an edict on the administration of justice.
1178, Frederick crossed the Alps at Geneva and proceeded into Burgundy.
7/30/1178 at Arles, Frederick crowned King of Burgundy [his 1st visit to that region of Burgundy.]
10/31/1178, Frederick arrived at Spires in Germany. [At this time Frederick came into direct conflict with Henry the Lion.]
1/13/1179 at Worms, Frederick was ready to arbitrate a trial between Henry the Lion and his protesting Saxon nobles. [Henry did not show.]
1179, Frederick bought the extensive “allods” of Count Welf VI in Swabia, and acquired the counties of Salzbach and Pfullendorf [which he gave to a son.]
1/1180 at Wurzburg, After multiple attempts to get Henry to appear at proposed trials; Frederick charged him with treason and declared his fiefs forfeit.
7/1180, Henry the Lion’s town of Lubeck surrendered to a siege of Frederick. Henry the Lion to refuge in the fortress of Stade in northern Saxony.
8/30/1181, Pope Alexander III died; succeeded by Lucius III.
11/1181 at Erfurt, Henry the Lion threw himself on the mercy of Frederick, who banished him for 3 years, and granted him the two cities of Brunswick and Luneburg. [Henry left for England.]
1182, The city of Lubeck submitted to Frederick, who bestowed on it the title of an Imperial city. (S) History of Vandalia, V1, Nugent, 1766, P337.
1182, At a diet at Regensburg, Frederick ordered axes to brought into the hall, threatening the attending Czech magnates with death for their behavior. (S) Ritual and Politics, Dalewski, 2008, P66.
6/25/1183 at Constance, Frederick personally signed a peace agreement with Lombardy made at Piacenza [which also ended the city of Alessandria and constituted the city of Ceasaria.]
1183, Duke Hendrik III of Limburg supported the election of Fulmar as archbishop of Trier [opposed by Emperor Frederick who wanted Rudolf, provost of St. Peter, to have the position.]
5/1184, Frederick at the diet of Mainz. Frederick knighted his 2 eldest sons, Henry VI and Frederick [originally named Conrad].
10/1184, Frederick arrived at Verona to meet with Pope Lucius. Frederick was hoping to settle the disputes between the Church and the Empire, so that he could get his son Henry crowned Emperor; Lucius was looking for help to get back into Rome. [During the same time, Frederick gave Henry the Lion’s estates in Milan and Liguria to Obizzo d’Este.] Neither got what they wanted; but they did agree to another crusade, and to outlaw the Catharist [Albigensian] heresy developing in the church.
11/15/1184, Beatrice died at Jouhe; buried at Speyer Cathedral.
1885, Frederick spent the latter half of the year in Tuscany and central Italy.
11/25/1185, Pope Lucius died; succeeded by Urban III [who retained his title as archbishop of Milan.]
1/27/1186 in Milan, Frederick directed the wedding of his son Henry [without the Pope’s consent.]
5/17/1186, Pope Urban declared Folmar the true archbishop of Treves, in violation of the Concordat of Worms; and urged Cremona to lead a revolt against Frederick [threatened by Frederick, they did not comply].
6/1186, Frederick ordered his son Henry to invade the Papal states and he quickly conquered the north half, and began a siege of Orvieto.
By 11/1186, Frederick returned to Germany where he a diets at Gelnhausen and then Nuremburg.
7/1187, The Christian army of King Guy of Jerusalem was extinguished at the battle of the Horns of Hattin.
1187, Emperor Frederick met King Philip of France on the banks of the Meuse river between Ivois and Mouzon. They renewed their pact of alliance against King Henry of England and the Welfs of Germany.
10/2/1187, Jerusalem fell to Vizier Salah-ed-Din Yusaf ibn Ayub [Saladin].
10/24/1187, Pope Urban died; succeeded by aging Gregory VIII; who immediately sent a letter to Frederick saying it was not the business of the Pope or his Cardinals “to take up arms and give battle”; reversed excommunications of Folmar; and sent a letter to Henry VI addressing it to the “elected emperor of the Romans.”
12/17/1187, Pope Gregory VIII died at Pisa; succeeded by Clement III; who invited Henry VI to escort him to Rome. [Frederick was not unchallenged in all of Germany and Italy.]
3/1188, Frederick took the cross of a crusader at the Diet of Mainz, aka the Diet of Christ. Count Floris III of Holland and his son William joined Frederick.
5/11/1189, 20,000 crusaders assembled at Ratisbon; formed into batallions of 500, departed.
1189, The crusaders traveled overland through Hungary, Serbia and Bulgaria. [English and French led armies were also enroute.]
8/16/1189, Frederick’s army took Trajan’s pass by assault against the Greeks. [Emperor Isaac II Angelus instigated the Greek resistance to the crusader army.]
9/1189, Emperor Frederick sent an embassy to Isaac; which Isaac took hostage. Because of this, Emperor Frederick threatened to attack Constantinople.
10/1189, Frederick’s forces to captured Hadrianople.
1/21/1190, Emperor Isaac II Angelus concluded the Treaty of Anrianople with Emperor Frederick I, agreeing to provide transport for his forces from Hellespont to Asia Minor.
5/18/1190, Frederick and his army reached and captured Iconium [modern Konya, Turkey.]
6/10/1190, Frederick died, drowned in the Saleph river while wading his horse across; buried at the church of St. Peter, Antioch. [Many of the army turned around, but a force of about 5000 proceeded to the Holy land.] Frederick was succeeded by his son Henry VI.
(S) The Deeds of Frederick Barbarossa, Mierow, 1953. (S) Frederick Barbarbossa, Pacaut, 1970.

Family notes:

·         The Hohenstaufens aka “Ghibellines”, the Bavarians as “Guelfs” or “Welfs” – the two most powerful families in Germany at the time; a collection of 1600 individual principalities.
·         Frederick II Hohenstaufen; s/o Frederick I [duke of Swabia] & Anges [d/o Emperor Henry IV]; s/o Frederick of Beuren.
·         Judith of Bavaria, d/o Henry IX [duke of Bavaria – Henry the Black, died 1126]; s/o Welf I [Duke of Bavaria, died 1101].
·         Agatha of Lorraine, d/o 1513002724. Simon I, duke of Lorraine & 1513002725. Adelaide of Leuven.

Children of Frederick and Beatric:

i. Frederick V, born 7/16/1164 in Germany.

11/28/1170, Frederick, duke of Swabia, died.

ii. Henry VI, born 11/1165 in Germany.

1/27/1186 in Milan, Henry married Constance, d/o & heiress of William II of Sicily.
4/1191 in Rome, Henry and Constanced crowned.
12/25/1194 at Palermo, Henry crowned King of Sicily.
9/28/1197, Holy Roman Emperor Henry VI died at Messina of malaria [or poisoned].
Child: Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II.

iii. Conrad [Frederick VI], born 2/1167 in Germany.

1/20/1191, Frederick VI, duke of Swabia, died at Acre from disease.

iv. Otto I, born 7/1170 in Germany.

1/13/1200, Otto, count of Burgundy, killed at Besancon.

v. Conrad II, born 3/1172 in Germany.

8/15/1196, Conrad, duke of Swabia and Rothenburg killed at Durlach.

vi. Philip of Swabia (94559150), born 8/1177 in Germany.

Thursday, January 10, 2013

G28: 189118256 Vere-Essex


189118256. Earl Aubrey de Vere III & 189118257. Agnes of Essex


~1114, Aubrey born in England, s/o 1512946706. Aubrey de Vere II & 1512946707. Alice Fitz Richard.
12/22/1135 at Winchester, the Archbishop of Canterbury crowned Stephen King. In a coup Empress Matilda’s 1st cousin Stephen de Blois became King, violating his oath to Matilda, d/o King Henry I, and throwing the country into civil war.
1139, Aubrey de Vere became count of Guines. (S) 1042-1189, Douglas, 1996, P1147.
9/1139, King Henry’s daughter Empress Matilda invaded England with forces led by her half brother Robert, Earl of Gloucester.
1140, Ording, abbot of Bury St Edmunds, to Aubrey, count of Guines, … all the fee and the service which his uncle, Robert de Vere holds of the honour of St. Edmund, by the service of 1.5 knights; … (S) 1042-1189, Douglas, 1996, P1147.
2/2/1141, King Stephen captured at the battle of Lincoln.
4/7/1141 at Winchester, Empress Matilda acknowledged as “Lady of England and Normandy” by Bishop Henry.
5/15/1141, Aubrey’s father slain in London.
6/24/1141, Empress Matilda had to flee London [to Oxford.]
7/25/1141 at Oxford, Baldwin de Redvers 1 of 5 of comital rank that were guarantees for an agreement involving EmpressMatilda, Geoffrey de Mandeville and Aubrey de Vere. Aubrey would receive Colchester castle.
9/14/1141, Empress Matilda’s forces defeated at the battle of Winchester.
11/1/1141, King Stephen exchanged by Empress Matilda for Robert, earl of Gloucester [her half-brother.]
12/25/1141, Stephen again crowned King.
1142, Aubrey, 1st Earl of Oxford by Empress Matilda [later confirmed by King Henry II].
Bef. 1145, Aubrey returned as a supporter of King Stephen. (S) Law and Government in Medieval England, Garnett, 1994, P291.
~1146, Agnes born in England, heir & d/o §Henry of Essex.
5-6/1146, Earl Aubrey de Vere with King Stephen at the siege of Wallingford.
1146, Earl Alberic and his uncle Robert de Vere, constable, and Henry de Essex witnessed a royal charter in favour of Norfolk abbey of St. Benet of Hulm. (S) Transactions – Shropshire, V2, 1879, P20.
6/1148, Empress Matilda returned to Normandy, never returning to England.
4-6/1152, Queen Mathilde of England [wife of King Stephen] died on a visit to Aubrey de Vere at Hedingham castle.
4/1154, Earl Aubrey de Vere with King Stephen at his Easter court.
10/25/1154, King Stephen died.
12/19/1154, Henry II, s/o Empress Matilda, succeeded King Stephen of England.
1155, Aubrey offered 500 marks to succeed to his father’s office as master chamberlain [an honorific title.] (S) Henry II: New Interpretations, Harper-Bill, 2007, P298.
1/1156, Aubrey granted a charter by Henry II that gave him his ‘third penny’ of the pleas of the county.
1/1158 at Newcastle upon Tyne, Earl Alberic of Oxford witnessed a royal charter to Hubert de Vallibus.
1160, Aubrey made a grant to Colne priory, Essex.
12/25/1160 at Le Mans, Earl Alberic with King Henry and Queen Eleanor in their Christmas court.
~1162, Aubrey married 3rd Agnes.
6/1163, Henry of Essex, the coward at the battle of Ewloe, forfeited all his lands.
1163, Aubrey attempted to divorce Agnes; but the pope refused to recognize the divorce. (S) Words, Names, and History, Clark, 1995, P60.
1166, Aubrey de Vere of Oxford, held 30 knights’ fees in England and Wales. (S) War, Government and Aristocracy in the British Isles, Given-Wilson, 2008, P15. [Assessed 20£ on the aid of marrying the King’s daughter.]
1166, Bishop Gilbert Foliot wrote the Pope about Aubrey’s divorce of Agnes. (S) Gilbert Foliot and His Letters, 1965, P236.
1172, The Pope threatened Aubrey with excommunication over divorcing his wife, Agnes of Essex. (S) Henry I and the Anglo-Norman World, Fleming, 2007, P242.
11/4/1176 at Winchester, Earl Alberic of Oxford witnessed a royal confirmation of an agreement between William de Roumare, and Burgeise and Emma, sisters of William Bruere.
6/1177, A grant by Geoffry de Scalariis to Waltham attested by Earl Alberic, and Alberic his son.
8/28/1178, Earl Aubrey de Vere, Hugh de Cressy, William de Vere, Richard fitzNeal the Treasurer, and Roger Bigod witnessed a charter at Waltham in favor of the Canons of St. Osyth, at Chich, Essex.
3/1185, Aubrey of Vere, earl of Oxford [Comite Albrico] a witness of the confirmation of lands of the canons of Butley. (S) Feudal Assessments, Keefe, 1983, P105.
9/29/1185, Isabel, daughter and heir of Walter de Bolebec, age 9, in the custody of Earl Alberic of Oxford. (S) Magni Rotuli Scaccarii Normanniae, 1840, P-CVIII.
1186, Earl Aubrey de Vere had land in the settlement ‘de socagio de Noretone’, Suffolk. (S) The Agrarian History of England, V2, Thirsk, 1967, P604.
1188, Earl Alberic attended a suit involving the Earl of Clare at hundred of Risbridge. (S) Life of Sir William Wallace, Carrick, 1840, P16.
9/3/1189, Richard I succeeded King Henry II of England. Earl Alberic [Albricus comes] attended the coronation. (S) Chronicle of the Reigns of Henry II and Richard I, Stubbs, 1867, P80.
1190, Aubrey de Vere, earl of Oxford, and Great Chamberlain to King Richard I. (S) History of England, Cruise, 1815, P51.
1190, Aubrey de Vere, earl of Oxford, founded a Benedictine nunnery at Heningham, with revenues of £29 12s 10d. (S) History of the Protestant Reformation, V2, Cobbett, 1834, P68.
1191, Aubrey paid a fine of 500 marks to the king, “for the sister of Walter de Bolebec, to make a wife for his son.”
1193, Earl Aubrey contributed to the release of captured King Richard I.
1193-94, Aubrey de Vere, earl of Oxford, brought and action ro recover a manor. (S) Judges, Administrators & Common Law, Turner, 2003, P257.
1194, Aubrey “the Grim” died; his monument’s inscription describes him as the “Earl of Ghisnes and 1st Earl of Oxford.”
Agnes, surviving Aubrey, paid a fine to not be forced to remarry.
(S) King Stephen, King, 2010. (S) Court, Household and Itinerary of King Henry II, Eyton, 1878.

Children of Aubrey and Lucia:
i. Aubrey de Vere IV, born ~? in England.

1194, Aubrey succeeded his father.
Aubrey married Isabel Bolebec, niece of like-named Isabel Bolebec.
Aubrey fought with Richard Lionheart in Normandy, and later commanded King John’s forces in Ireland.
1203, Aubrey, “Count of Oxford” a witness to King John’s specification of Queen Isabela’s dower. (S) Epistol√¶.
1209–1214, Aubrey the sheriff of Essex and Herefordshire.
1213, Aubrey a “Privy Councilor”.
1214, Aubrey died without issue, his brother Robert succeeding him.

ii. Robert de Vere (94559128), baptized 1164 in England.
iii. William de Vere, born ~? in England.

1186, William the Bishop of Hereford.
1199, William died.

Wednesday, January 9, 2013

G28: 189118214 Verdun-FitzPeter


189118214. Nicholas de Verdun & 189118215. Joan Fitz Peter

~1170, Nicholas born in England, 3rd s/o 378236428. Bertram de Verdun & 378236428. Rohesia de Salford.
9/3/1189, Richard I succeeded King Henry II of England.
8/25/1192, Nicholas’ father died; his brother Thomas succeeding.
5/27/1199, John succeeded King Richard I of England.
1199, Nicolas heir to his brother Thomas [who died in Ireland], holding the manor of Lutterworth in Leicester, and succeeding as lord of Alveton.
1200, Nicholas de Verdun gained official seisin of his lands in England when Richard de Camvill and Eustachia, his wife [Thomas de Verdun's widow], brought a plea against him over 40 librates of land which Eustachia claimed as her dower.
1201, Richard and Eustachia de Kanvill vs. Nicholas de Verdun; each side producing witnesses whose testimony was at odds. (S) Magna Carta and the England of King John, Loengard, 2010, P143.
8/21/1203, The King commits to Nicholas de Verdun the custody of the bridge of Drogheda … as Nicholas’ father held it.
8/21/1204, Nicholas de Verdun owes 100 marks, a war horse, and a palfrey, for having his lands in Ireland, whereof Bertram his father was siesed … and for having the custody … of the lands which were acknowledged to belong to the Primate of Armagh … Nicholas de Verdun renders his account of 100 marks, … (S) View of Legal Institutions, Lynch, 1830, P68.
6/21/1205, Acquittance to Nicholas de Verdun of a fine of 100 marks for his land in Ireland, and of 30 marks of his passage of Poitou.
1207, Nicholas de Verdun … a war horse and a palfrey for having his lands, as is contained in the Roll of the 6th year of the King.
1207, The prior of Kenilworth claimed that Nicholas de Verdun had allowed presentation of a parson by Richard de Camvill and Eustachia, his wife, to the church of Hethe. The right to present to this church, the prior argued, had been given to his priory.
By 1208, Flecknoe, held of the Hastangs by Nicholas de Verdun. (S) Lordship, Knighthood and Locality, Coss, 1991, P270.
4/1208, Nicholas de Verdun warranted the right of the abbot of Croxden to a mill in Stamford. (S) Fortunes of a Norman Family, Hagger, 2001, P71.
6/6/1210, King John launched an invasion of Ireland, using 700 ships in the attack.
1210, In the service of King John, Nicholas drove his brother-in-law Hugh de Lascy [married to his sister Lescelina] out of Ireland; reacquiring lands his brother Thomas had given his sister the south of Louth county. (S) Colony & Frontier in Medieval Ireland, Lydon, P32. [Hugh de Lascy had joined the rebellion of William de Braose.]
Bef. 1213, Nicholas de Verdun promised to St. Thomas’ church, Dublin, the benefices of 2 knights’ fees in the 1st castlery he would build beyond Dundalk. (S) Cononization and Conquest of Medieval Ireland, Smith, 1999, P35.
9/22/1214, King John granted a market in Lutterworth, Leicestershire to Nicholas de Verdun. (S) Gazetteer of Markets and Fairs.
7/25/1215, William de Cantilupe is commanded to deliver to Nicholas de Verdun, William fitz Henry de Wotton, hostage of Nicholas [as given from William, earl of Ferrers with surety of Ranulf, earl of Chester.]
Bef. 1216, Nicholas and his mother founded the hospital of St. John, a home for 1 priest and 6 poor men.
1216, Nicholas joined in the baron’s revolt against King John, the same year his mother died.
10/18/1216, King John died.
10/28/1216, Henry III, age 9, crowned king of England.
12/14/1216, Mandate to Geoffrey de Marisco, justiciary of Ireland, to cause Henry archbishop of Dublin to have the land which Nicholas de Verdin held of the fee of the archbishop in Ireland.
6/27/1217, Nicholas’ lands restored by King Henry III.
5/15/1218, Nicholas de Verdun for 20m. pledge taken by William de Cantilupe in Warwickshire and Leicestershire. (S) FRsHIII.
1218, Nicholas de Verdun offered 200 marks to be quitted of the £551 of the aid of the knights of the honour of Leicester from the time of his father.
2/1219, Letters of licence for Nicholas de Verdun to go to Ireland on his affairs.
1220, Nicholas de Verdon the patron of the chrurch of Bosworth. (S) Biography of the Mind, Pye, 2005, P6.
1220, Nicholas de Verdon’s suit against the abbot of Mellefont suspended until the King reached full age. (S) History of Drogheda, V2, D’Alton, 1844, P421.
1221, With the death of his sister-in-law Eustacia, Nicholas received the manor of Farnham.
7/2/1221, Plaint between Nicholas de Verdun and Adam de Naptun touching half a knight’s fee in Bernemeth.
1222-23, Hugh Bardolf, tenant of the lay manor, with the consent of his overlord Nicholas de Verdun, granted 3 carucates in Hornton in free alms to Stanley Abbey, Wiltshire. (S) Victoria History – Oxford, Salzman, 1969, P128.
1224, Hugh de Lacy laid waste Nicholas’ lands in north Louth, Ireland [near Dundalk] in an attempt to regain his earldom.
9/4/1225, King Henry III wrote to Roseia and her father Nicholas recommending she marry “his beloved Theobald le Botiller”, Honorary Butler of Ireland. (S) CloseRoll, T.L., 9 H.3.p.2.
5/1226, Charter of Walter de Lascy … castles of Rathour’ and Le Nober … of the fee of Nicholas de Verdun …
6/30/1226, Nicholas de Verdun to have the land held by Stephen de Say, which belongs to Nicholas because Stephen held the land of him by knight service.
5/4/1227, The king has granted to Nicholas de Verdun that, of the 30 m. which are exacted from him by summons of the Exchequer for pledging Thomas of Erdington, he may render 100s. per annum. (S) FRsHIII.
9/2/1227, Nicholas granted the market at Bretford, Warwickshire. (S) Gazetteer of Markets and Fairs.
3/20/1228, Nicholas de Verdun claimed service rendered to the king when Geoffrey de Mariesis, then justiciary of Ireland, had Nicholas guard the marches of of Connaught while in the service of Richard de Burgh and the king’s army.
By 1228, Nicholas married 2nd Clementia le Boteler.
1228, Nicholas and his wife Clemence granted custody of the king’s neice Susanna, d/o Llywelyn, prince of North Wales. (S) Plantagenet Ancestry, Richardson, P35.
3/5/1229, Nicholas de Verdun, of Alton, Staffordshire, a tenant of the manor of Rath, Ireland vs. Ralph Bagot, plaintiff.
6/3/1229, The  King retains Nicholas de Verdun on his service in England till the ensuing autum.
4/30/1230, Nicholas leaving from Portsmouth with King Henry, invading Brittany in hopes of recovering Normandy. They established their camp at Nantes, and captured a small castle.
5/11/1230, Grant in fee to Nicholas de Verdun of a fair at his manor of Dundalk. No one is to hunt the hare in the warren without Nicholas’ licence on penalty of 10£. [The next day Nicholas granted a market at Clumore in Ireland, and free warren in his desmesne lands of Ferard.]
10/1230, King Henry abandoned his invasion and returned to England. [The Earls of Pembroke, Chester and Albemarle remained with their forces and were able to prevent the French forces taking much additional territory.]
Bef. 10/2/1231, Nicholas died. [Order to the sheriff of Warwickshire and Leicestershire to take into the king’s hand all lands and tenements in his bailiwick formerly of Nicholas de Verdun, who is dead. (S) FRsHIII.]
(S) Transactions: The Leicestershire Arch. and Hist. Soc., 1878, P163. (S) Cal. of Doc’s. Relating to Ireland, 1875.

Child of Nicolas and Joan:
i. Roesia de Verdun (94559107), born ~1200 in Ireland.

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