Thursday, January 31, 2013

G28: 189123208 Polsted


189123208. Hugh de Polsted & 189123209. Cecilia ?

5/26/1196, Final concord between Walter de Windeshores, and Hugh de Polsted and Cecilia his wife; acquiring Walter’s interest in Compton manor for 35 marks.
3/2/1198, Hugh with agreement of the bishop of Winchester, granted the abbey of Chertsey a pension of 8s.
1198, Hugh and his son Hugh vs. Geoffrey de Maisil in Somerset.
5/27/1199, John succeeded King Richard I of England.
1199, Walter de Grancurt brought a plaint against Hugh de Polsted’, guardian of Walter’s two nieces, Hawis and Juliana. (S) English Women at Law, Orr, 1989, P81.
1200, Julianan de Chandos sued Hugh de Tabari and Hugh de Polsted for making her a nun. (S) Introduction to the Curia Regis Rolls, 1944, P210.
1200-1202, Hugh died.
1202, Cecily, a widow, holding dower at Compton answered for 40s scutage.
10/1204, Cecily de Polsted engaged as plaintiff defended a mort d’ancestor about an estate at Prittlewell by pleading that she held there only in dower, and vouched her son Hugh II to warrant. (S) 1235 Surrey Eyre, V2, 1979.
1206, Cecily de Polsted engaged in a suit.
5/1208, Cecily de Polsted engaged in litigation against Hugh de Windsor, otherwise de Horsley. (S) 1235 Surrey Eyre, V2, 1979, P230.
(S) A supplement to The Suffolk traveler, Page, 1844, P959. (S) Essay … County of Norfolk, V3, 1769, P745. (S) Essay … County of Norfolk, V7, Blomefield, 1807. (S) The 1235 Surrey Eyre, V2, Crook, 1979.

Children of Hugh and Cecily:
i. Hugh de Polsted (94561604), born ~1180 in England.
ii. Alice de Polsted born ? in England.

Alice married to Walter Gaugy. (S) Feet of Fines, Suffolk.

G28: 189124720 Thweng


189124720. Marmaduke de Thweng & 189124721. Margaret ?

~1170, Marmaduke born in England, s/o §Robert de Thweng.
5/27/1199, John succeeded King Richard I of England.
1199, Marmaduke a surety for Richard Malebisse, accused of the murder of Jews at York.
1199, Marmaduke de Tweng and Margaret his wife bequeathed a house and some land at Hartlepool, in the county of Durham, for the purpose of purchasing smocks for the nuns of St. Bartholomew at Newcastle upon Tyne. (S) Monasticon Anglicanum, Caley, 1823, P485.
1203, Marmaduke held a third of the East Yorkshire estate of Lund of the Bishop of Durham.
1204, Marmaduke paid 100s. to be tried by a jury of 12 lawful men in a trial of homicide.
1204, Robert fitz Roger, constable of Chester, and Peter de Brus, paid a fine of 40 marks to have Marmaduke de Thweng in their custody. [Marmaduke and Peter grandfathers of 47281180. Marmaduke de Thweng & 47281181. Lucy de Brus.]
1205, Marmaduke paid a fine of 3 marks to have seisin of 3 bovates that he held when he was put into the king’s prison; of which Hy. De Pudsey had taken possession. (S) Pubs. of the Harleian Society, V96, 1944, P372.
1208, Marmaduke and his brother William bound as sureties for Richard de Scal’.
1214, King John unsuccessfully invaded France trying to recover his lands.
1215, Marmaduke sided with the barons against King John.
6/19/1215 at Runnymede near Windsor, King John forced to agree to the terms of the Magna Carta.
5/12/1216, Prince Louis of France, after a successful landing, crowned King of England in London. In June, Louis captured Winchester and controlled half of England.
10/18/1216, King John died.
10/28/1216, Henry III, age 9, crowned king of England.
1217, Marmaduke made peace with the king.
9/7/1217, Marmaducus de Tweng et … de Bonin habent literas de conductu, … (S) CPRs.
9/12/1217, For 10,000 marks and some land exchanges, Prince Louis forfeited his claim to the English crown by the treaty at Kingston-on-Thames. A principal provision of the treaty was amnesty for English rebels.
1218, Marmaduke a part of a commission investigating the Bishop of Durham’s complaint concerning obstructions across the River Tyne.
9/30/1221, Order to take into the king’s hand without delay all of the king’s demesne lands, namely those demesnes of which King John, the king’s father, was seised at the beginning of the war between him and his barons. John de Birkin, Robert de Percy, Marmaduke of Thwing and Nicholas Basset to support the sheriff of Yorkshire. (S) FRsHIII.
1226, Marmaduke an itinerant justice in Yorkshire.
1226, Marmaduke involved in inspecting the condition of Scarborough and Pickering castles.
1227, Agreement between Sir Marmaduke de Thweng and William Constable, about a bovate of land in Killum, which Marmaduke had given to William in frank marriage with his daughter Cecilia.
1228, Robert de Tweng confirmed one oxgang of land; 6 carcuates in Kilham, and 7£ of rents in Lindesay, with the homage and service of Rogert de Hotham, all which his father Marmaduke gave in free marriage with Cecily his sister. (S) History and Antiquities of the Seigniory of Holderness, Poulson, 1841, P230.
1230, Marmaduke de Thweng, coroner of Yorkshire, was ill; and appointed his son Robert one of his attorneys against Geoffrey de Neville and Mabel his wife in a plea of death of an ancestor; and offering 100s. to have his parceners John de Amundeville and John de Atton summoned.
1230, Marmaduke died.

Children of Marmaduke and ?:
i. Robert de Thweng (94562360), born ~1200 in England.
ii. Cecilia de Thweng, born ? in England.

Cecilia married William Constable.
1227, Agreement between Sir Marmaduke de Thweng and William Constable, about a bovate of land in Killum, which Marmaduke had given to William in frank marriage with his daughter Cecilia.

Wednesday, January 30, 2013

G28: 189121696 Giffard-Clifford


189121696. Helias Giffard & 189121697. Berta de Clifford

~1100, Helias born in England, s/o §Elias Giffard & Ala ?.
1121, Heyas Giffard and his wife Ala, and son Helias, gave Buckholt to St. Peter’s abbey, Gloucester. (S) Transactions – Bristol and Gloucester, V20, 1895, P234.
~1122, Berta born in England, d/o 79958528. Richard fitz Pontius & 79958529. Matilda de Gloucester.
1127, Elias married Berta. [‘Ricard Pontii filii’ granted the manor of ‘Lechia’ to ‘Mathildi uxori mee in matrimoniu’ in exchange for her original marriage portion, the manor of Ullingswick in Herefordshire, which he gave to ‘Helie Giff in mat-monu cum filia mea Berta’. (S) FMG.] – [Richard fitz Pons has given his wife Maud the manor of Leach (Gloucester) in matrimonium in exchange for her original marriage portion, the manor of Ullingswick (Hereford), which he has given to Helias Giffard in matrimonium with their daughter Bertha. (S) Pipe Roll Society, V10, 1888, P20.]
1130, Elias succeeded his father, paying 100 marks for relief.
12/22/1135, Stephen crowned king of England; ursuping King Henry I’s daughter Empress Matilda; and starting a civil war.
~1137, Elias Giffard made a gift of the church of ‘Hull Deverel’ to Bishop Roger for the church of St. Peter and St. Paul, Heytesbury. (S) Fasti Ecclesiae Sarisberiensis, Jones, 1879, P390.
2/1139 at Reading, The Queen grants to the Templars her manor of Cowley near Oxford. The King confirms the gift. Both charters are witnessed by Robert Marmyon, … Elyas Giffard … (S) English Historical Review, V25, 1910, P115.
6/1139, At Domfront, before Elias Giffard and Humphrey fitz Odo, Robert, earl of Gloucester, arranged for the support of Miles of Gloucester, for the invasion Empress Matilda. (S) King Stephen, King, 2011.
2/2/1141 at Lincoln, King Stephen was captured and brought to Matilda.
3/3/1141, at Winchester, Elias Giffard as witness to a charter of Empress Matilda. (S) Caledonia, Chalmers, 1887, P516.
4/7/1141 at Winchester, Empress Matilda acknowledged as “Lady of England and Normandy” by Bishop Henry.
9/14/1141, Empress Matilda’s forces defeated at the battle of Winchester.
11/1/1141, Empress Matilda exchanged captured King Stephen for captured Robert of Gloucester [her half brother].
12/25/1141, Stephen again crowned King. [The civil war would continue for 12 more years.]
1148, Elias with wife Berta and son Walter in a document with abbot Hamelin of Boyton. Elias made a grant to the church of Boyton for the soul of Berta, his wife.
4/13/1149 at the castle of Devizes, ‘Henry, son of the Duke of Normandy and Earl of Anjou. … Know that I have restored to the church of Sarum … in the presence of Roger Earl of Bedford, Patrick Earl of Sarum, John Fitz-Gilbert, …, W’m de Bello Campo, Elias Giffard, Roger de Berkley, John de Saint John, Hubert de Valibus, Thomas Basset, … (S) Journal of the British Arch. Assoc., V40, 1884, P146.
1149, Elias Giffard and Walter of Clifford ‘obsides’ for Roger of Hereford in a treaty with William, earl of Gloucester. (S) Law and Government in Medieval England, Garnett, 1994, P314.
1152, Walterus de Clifforde confirmed the donation of “medietatem totius manerii de Ullingewike” made to Gloucester St Peter by “Berta soror mea” [my sister] … concessione Helyæ Giffardi filiii sui primogeniti” [eldest son]. (S) FMG.
1/1153, Duke Henry landed in England with 140 knights and 3,000 infantry in 36 ships.
10/25/1154, King Stephen died.
12/19/1154, Henry II succeeded King Stephen of England.
Elias became a monk in St. Peter’s abbey. (S) Calendar of the Records of the Corporation of Gloucester, 1893, P71.
1159, Elias died. (S) Bristol and West of England Arch. Mag., V1, Is1-3, 1843, P31.
7/18/1163, Helyas Giffardu [and his mother] donated property to St. Peter in Gloucester. (S) FMG.
By 1167, Berta died.

Family notes:

·         Osbern de Bolbec, lord of Longueville, Normandy. Avelina, 3rd sister of Gunnora, 2nd wife of Richard, duke of Normandy from 942-996.
·         Osbert de Bolebec, s/o Osbern de Bolebec & Avelina, assumed the name Gyffarde.
o   1066, Osbert in the Conquest of England given grants in Gloucester, settled at Brimesfield. Osbert had a brother named Walter [Gyffarde], count of Longueville, brother-in-law of Hugh de Gournay.
o   1066, Walter furnished 30 vessels and 100 men to the invasion of England.
o   1086, Osbert died.
·         Elias Giffard & Ala ?, s/o Osbert Giffard.
o   1090, Elias [Helias] named in the cartulary of St. Peter of Gloucester with wife Ala and son Helias.
o   1100, Elias and his wife Ala granted woods to the abbey of St. Peter, Gloucester.

Children of Helias and Berta:
i. Elias Giffard (94560848), born ~1140 in England.
ii. Richard Giffard, born ? in England.

1176, Richard one of 18 itinerant justices appointed by the council of Northampton.
1180, Richard the bailiff of the Oximin in Normandy, receiving 200£ a year as custos of the castle of Falaise.
(S) Biographia Juridica, Foss, 1870, P298.

Tuesday, January 29, 2013

G28: 189121650 FitzJohn


189121650. Payn Fitz John & 189121651. Sybilla de Lacy

Pain born in England, s/o §John de Burgo [called Monoculus.]
8/2/1100, Henry I crowned King of England.
1102, The lands of Roger de Montgomery given to Payne.
1104, Payne encouraged Philip de Braose to attack Builth.
1107, Richard de Belmeis promoted to the see of London, Pagan Fitz John succeeded as sheriff of Shropshire. (S) History of Shrewsbury, Owen, 1825, P76.
1114-20, Notification … grant to the canons of St. Oswald of a fair at Nostell. … attested … Pain Fitz-John.
Payn married a d/o Hugh de lacy of Ewyas Lacy. (S) Age of Conquest: Wales, Davies, 2000, P41.
1115, Ewias Lacy, lands of Hugh de Lacy, who died without issue, bestowed on Payn Fitz John by Henry I.
1115, Payn a witness to a royal charter to Geoffrey de Clive, bishop of Hereford.
10/16/1119, ‘Calixtus, Bishop [Pope Calixtus II], a servant of the servants of God, to his beloved sons, … ‘Pagano filio Johannis’, Bernard de Newmarch, … diocese of Llandaff, … plundered of its property … (S) Liber Landavensis, 1840, P562.
1120-23 at Windsor, Royal notification of the gift of the daughter of Geoffrey Ridel to Richard Basset to wife … at the prayer of Ranulf, earl of Chester … Pain Fitz-John …
5/1121, Pain fitz John witnessed the King’s grant of marriage to Milo of Gloucester of Sybill de Newmarch. (S) Women of the English Nobility, Ward, 1995, P27.
1121-22 at Clarendon, Royal confirmation, for the souls of the king’s late wife and son, to the canons of St. Oswald’s … attested by Nigel de Aubigny and Pain Fitz-John.
1126, Payn fitz John attested the agreement between Bishop Urban and Robert of Gloucester to end spoliation of church lands by Anglo-Norman laymen. (S) Book of Llandaf, Davies, 2003, P52.
9/1126, Payn given custody of the King’s prisoner Waleran of Meulan.
1126-27, Royal confirmation to the monks of St. Mary’s, Malvern, attested by Pain Fitz-John.
1127, Payn fitz John replaced Richard de Belmeis as curial justicia [viceroy] to oversee the protection of the central marches. (S) Anglo-Norman Studies, Lewis, 2007, P201.
1127, Confirmation to the monks of St. Mary’s, Malvern … attested by … Miles of Gloucester, … Pain fitz John, … Walter de Beauchamp, at Hereford.
1127-33, Miles of Gloucester and Pain fitz John witnessed gifts of Baldwin de Rivers to the canons of Breamore.
1127-28, Pain fitz John in the entourage of King Henry I in Normandy. (S) Henry I and the Anglo-Norman World, Fleming, 2007, P165. [King Henry invaded France to draw the forces of the French king away from conflicts in Flanders between William Clito and Thierry of Alsace.]
1128, Pain fitz John the new Viceroy of Bridgnorth castle, where he had custody of prisoner Meredyth ap Lhywarch. (S) Antiquities of Shropshire, V1, Eyton, 1854, P247.
1128, Payn fitz John named with others in a papal letter as despoilers of the lands of Urban, bishop of Llandaf. (S) Book of Llandaf, Davies, 2003, P52.
1129, Miles of Gloucester and Payn fitz John requested the king appoint a successor to Richard, bishop of Hereford.
1130, Pain Fitz-John a justice itinerant in Gloucester, Stafford, and Northampton in conjunction with Milo of Gloucester.
1130, Pain Fitz-John exempted from the Danegeld [of 40s] on his lands in Oxfordshire, Gloucestershire and Norfolk.
1131 at Waltham, Grant of the King for the use of the canons of the church of the martyrs Gervase and Protase of Sees … attested … Waleran count of Meulan, Hugh Bigot and Humphrey de Bohun sewers, Miles of Gloucester, … Payn fitz John, … Henry de Ferrers, … Geoffrey fitz Pain, ….
6/29/1131-10/1/1133, Pain Fitz-John witnessed a royal charter to St. Peter priory at Dunstable. (S) Record of the House of Gournay, Gurney, 1845, P232.
8/1131, Notification by Henry I … restored and granted to William, son of Walter de Beauchamp, his dispenser, the land that his father held from whatever lord; and his father's office of dispenser. … Witesses: … G[eoffrey] the chancellor; … Robert Earl of Leicester; Robert de Vere; Miles of Gloucester; Robert] deCurci; Hugh] Bigod; Humphrey de Bohun; Payn fitz John; Eustace fitz John; Geoffrey fitz Payn; William Maltravers; William de Albini, Smo ; … William Mauduit.
1132, Grant to the hospital of Falaise … attested by … William earl of Warren; the sewers Hugh Bigot, Humphrey de Bohun, and Robert de Curci; Geoffrey ftiz-Pain, Miles of Gloucester, Pain fitz-John, … and Aubrey de Ver, at Marden.
12/1132 at Windsor, Payn Fitz John attended the Christmas court of King Henry.
5/28-7/31/1133 at Winchester, Royal grant to the archbishop of Rouen … attested by Pain Fitz-John.
1134, Payne [or Pagan] held Caus castle, Shropshire. [It was destroyed by the Welsh while in his custody.]
Bef. 1135, Payne issued a writ addressed a writ to “the reeve of Hereford, whoever he may be, and to all the burghers of Hereford, French and English”.
1135, Pain fitz John sheriff of Shropshire and Hereford, and lord of Cwmwd of Ewyas, Wales.
12/22/1135, Stephen crowned king of England [usurping Empress Matilda, d/o King Henry I, and starting a long civil war.]
4/1136 at Westminister after King Stephen’s coronation, Payne signed King Stephen’s charter of Winchester.
1/5/1136, Payn fitz John attended the burial of King Henry I at Reading abbey with King Stephen.
1136 at Reading, King Stephen granted Pain, on doing his homage, all the lands he had held.
4/1136 at Oxford, Payn witnessed a royal charter.
6-8/1136, Payn at the siege of Exeter.
7/10/1137 in Wales near Cardigan, Payne, Lord of Ewyas, died; his head pierced by an arrow in battle against the Welsh; buried at Chapter House, Gloucester Abbey. [3000 English were killed in the battle.]
Bef. 1139, Sibilla de Lacy notified her bailiffs and foresters that she had donated land of Leghe near the church of St Michae” to ‘my uncle Walter abbot of Gloucester’, for the souls of ‘myself and my husband Payne Fitz-john’. (S) FMG
1139, Sybil holding Ludlow castle in dower; forced to surrender it to King Stephen.
(S) A History of Wales from the Earliest Times, V2, Lloyd, 1912. (S) The Age of Owain Gwynedd, Barbier, 1908. (S) English Historical Review, V34, 1919. (S) King Stephen, King, 2010. (S) Judges of England, Foss, V1, 1848, P117.

Family notes:

·         John de Burgo, Commanding General for William the Conqueror.
·         Eustace fitz John, also a northern baron, was the brother of Payn.
·         Payn and Eustace attest 84 charter over a period of 21 years. (S) Monarchy, Magnates, and Institutions; Hollister, 1986, P70.
·         Well known story: Payn was the chamberlain to King Henry I, providing a bottle of wine with a small meal before the king went to bed at night. The king never drank the wine, so Payn and the other servants consumed it after the king went to bed. One night the king awoke and called for the wine. Payn admitted that each night they had consumed the wine, and that there was none to be found. King Henry then authorized a gallon each night, a bottle for himself, and the rest for Payn and the servants. (S) History of Shrewsbury, Owen, 1825, P76.

Children of Payn and Sybil ?:
i. Agnes Fitz John (94560825), born ~1120 in England.
ii. Cicely Fitz John, born ? in England.

Cicely married Roger Fitz Walter, s/o Earl Milo Fitz Walter & Sybill de Newmarch.
1155, Roger died.
1198, William de Munchensi and his materanl aunt Countess Cicely tendered a fine to have their right in Ludelawe, Wibelay and Ewias. (S) Antiquities of Shropshire, V5, Eyton, 1857, P243.
1207, Cecily, countess of Hereford, died childless. Her heir was William de Munchensi, grandson of her sister Agnes [a coheir of Pain fitz John] who had married Hubert de Munchensi. (S) Collections for a History of Staffordshire, V1, 1880, P236.

G28: 189120780 Tatteshall-d'Aubigny


189120780. Sir Robert de Tatteshall & 189120781. Matilda d’Aubigny

By 1199, Robert born in England, s/o 378241560. Walter de Tateshal & 60838001. Iseult Pantulf.
5/27/1199, John succeeded King Richard I of England.
1199, Robert’s father died.
~1201, Matilda d’Aubigny born in England, d/o 973530514. Earl William D’Aubigny & 973530515. Mabel of Chester.
1214, Robert a minor.
10/28/1216, Henry III, age 9, crowned king of England.
Bef. 1222, Robert married Matilda.
7/11/1223, Order to the sheriff of Norfolk to place in respite the demand of 60 m. that he makes from Robert of Tattershall for the debt of Robert of Tattershall, his grandfather. (S) FRsHIII.
6/20/1227, Grant to Robert de Tateshale … weekly market at his manor of Shelfegh, and a yearly fair. (S) CCRs.
10/14/1229, ‘Robertus de Tatteshal’ witnessed a royal grant to ‘Petri filii Hereberti’. (S) PRsHIII, 1903, P311.
4/20/1230, ‘Radulfus de Noers, cum Roberto de Tatteshal’ [who is also named separately], letters of protection for going overseas in the king’s service. (S) PRsHIII, 1903, P358. [This could be the Robert of Lincolnshire.]
2/20/1233, Robert de Tateshale who held the castle of Bollesovre, has surrendered the castle to the king at Maidenestane. (S) CPRs.
1235, Robert de Shelton held one fee of Robert de Tateshal, and he of the Earl-Marshall. (S) Essay – History of the County of Norfolk, Blomefield, 1806, P264.
2/10/1238, Commission … prior of Brisete vs. Robert de Tatelshal, an assize of novel disseisin, tenement in Batesford. (S) CPRs.
1240, Agreement between Hugh, abbot of Kirkstead, and Robert son of Walter de Tattershall. (S) Reports of Papers, V23, 1895, P109.
1240, Three plough lands under Burrow [Leicestershire], one of which the fee of Robert, lord of Tateshal, who paid 2s to the sheriff’s aid; 12d for rent. (S) History of Market Harborough, Hill, 1875, P80.
1242, The king gave two bucks from the lands of Hugh de Albany, earl of Arundel; from his park at Buckenham, to Robert de Tateshale. (S) Some Account of English Deer Parks, Shirley, 1867, P116.
5/7/1243, Matilda a co-heiress to her brother, Earl Hugh D’Aubigny. Robert acquired the castle and manors of Bukenham, Wimondham, &c. for their capital seat.
Mabel died.
11/27/1243, Of the lands late of H. earl of Arundel … the king has assigned to Robert de Tateshall, son of Robert de Tateshal, the eldest born of the heirs of the said earl, the castle and manor of Bukeham, … (S) CPRs.
5/25/1244, Protection with clause volumus … going on the king’s service to Scotland and Wales … Robert de Tateshal. Robert de Tateshal the younger. … (S) CPRs.
Robert married 2nd Nichole de Grey [1226-1277], d/o Sir John de Grey & Emma de Glanville.
10/26/1247, Licence for Robert de Tateshal to sport this year in the king’s river of Weilound from the abbey of Peterborough to Staunford bridge. (S) CPRs.
1/13/1249, Grant to Robert de Tatesale of what pertains to the king for the trespass of Robert de Straston in entering his park of Witton. (S) CPRs.
7/16/1249, Robert died.
(S) Foundation for Medieval Genealogy.

Family notes:

·         A Robert of Tattershall of Lincolnshire, died by 1221, 1203, married to Rohaise [ who remarried to Robert de Lisle] is also in multiple records of this time. There are multiple records after 1221 of another Robert [married to Alice] in Lincolnshire, [identified as a grandson of Hugh le Breton/Brito.]

Child of Robert and Matilda:
i. Robert de Tatteshall (94560390), born 1222 in England.

Monday, January 28, 2013

G28: 189120592 Huntingfield-FitzWilliam


189120592. Sir William de Huntingfield & 189120593. Isabel Fitz William

~1160, William born in England, heir & s/o §Roger Fitz William & Alice de Senlis.
~1160, Isabel born in England, heir & d/o §William Fitz Roger & Aeliva ?.
Isabel 1st married Berenger de Cressy.
Isabel 2nd married Osmond de Stuteville.
9/3/1189, Richard I succeeded King Henry II of England.
Bef. 1194, William married widow Isabel ‘de Gressenhall’; when the abbot of St. Edmunds demanded against the said William and Isabel his wife the land of Wendling, Norf., as a member of the manor of Runton. (S) Honors and Knights’ Fees, Farrer, 1923.
1194, William in a dispute with William de Stuteville over Isabel’s dower.
1195, The abbot of St. Edmunds granted William and Isabel the vill of Wending, Norfolk, for 60s a year. (S) Records of the Anglo-Norman House of Glanville, Richards, 1882, P60.
1197, William and Isabel plaintiffs against William de Stuteville over Isabel’s dower lands. (S) Honors and Kinghts’ Fees, Farrer, 1925, P397.
1198, William de Hungingfeld and Isabel his wife conveyed by fine to William Batail, 60 acres in Swannington. (S) History and Antiquities of the County of Norfolk, Armstrone, 1781, P4.
5/27/1199, John crowned king of England.
1199, William and Isabel plaintiffs against William de Stuteville over Isabel’s dower lands. (S) Early Yorkshire Charters, Farrer, 1952, P35.
9/22/1199 at Caen, France, William de Huntingfeld a witness to a charter of King John to the city of Norwich [a confirmation of a charter of King Richard.] (S) Records of the City of Norwich, 1906, P14.
9/26/1203, William de Huntingfield, deputy of Hubert de Burgh, appointed Constable of Dover castle; giving a son and daughter as hostage for safe holding. (S) Viator, V5, 1975, P243.
1204, William’s mother died.
6/1205, William granted the manor of Clafford, Hampshire; except for the chattels and corn, for £30.
11/1205, William’s £30 fine pardoned.
Aft. 1206, William’s father died.
1207, Isabel died.
1208, William had custody of the lands of his younger brother Roger [a justiciar under papal interdict].
1208-10, William an itinerant justice of fines in Cambridge and Lincoln. (S) Judges of England, Foss, 1848, P83.
1210-11, William sheriff of Norfolk. (S) Vicemonites Norfolciae, 1843, P6.
1212, The Great Inquest of Service: William de Huntingfeld hold the fee of 1 knight in Mendam of the King in chief. (S) Lancanshire Inquests, Pt3, Farrer, 1903, P111.
1213, William gave the King 6 fair Norway goshawks for license to marry his daughter, Alice, widow of Richard de Solers.
1213, William held the office of accountant with Aburey de Vere, Earl of Oxford.
5/12/1214, King John gave the manor of Clafford, which William de Huntingfeld had held, to John de Harecurt. (S) Magni Rotule Scaccarii, V2, 1844, P205.
1214, King John unsuccessfully invaded France trying to recover his lands.
1214, William joined the confederacy of barons against the King with Richard earl of Clare, Roger de Cresci, Gilbert de Clare, and Robert fitz-Walter.
10/1214, King John returned to England.
5/5/1215, The revolting Barons formally renounced their allegiance to John and invited the King of France to invade England. [This was prevented by the Pope.]
6/19/1215 at Runnymede near Windsor, King John forced to agree to the terms of the Magna Carta.
11/20/1215 at Bury St. Edmunds, William elected as one of the 25 to guarantee observance of the Magna Carta. (S) History, Gazeteer and Dir. of Suffolk, 1874, P565.
12/16/1215, William excommunicated with the other barons.
5/12/1216, Prine Louis of France, after a successful landing, crowned King of England in London. In June, Louis captured Winchester and controlled half of England.
1216, William ravaged Essex and Suffolk for Prince Louis of France. King John in retaliation plundered William’s estates in Norfolk and Suffolk.
10/18/1216, King John died.
10/28/1216, Henry III, age 9, crowned king of England.
11/21/1216 at Hertford, William granted the village of Grimsby, Lincolnshire by Prince Louis, to be held of 2 knights’ fees. Witnesses: Seiher de Quency, earl of Winchester, Robert Fitz-Walter [Commander of the forces of the English barons.] (S) Guide to the Manuscripts, Warner, 1906, P41.
5/20/1217, William fought at the battle of Lincoln; the defeat of Prince Louis’ forces.
6/23/1217, All of William’s lands in Lincolnshire granted to John Marshall.
9/12/1217, For 10,000 marks and some land exchanges, Louis forfeited his claim to the English crown by the treaty at Kingston-on-Thames, called the Treaty of Lambeth. A principal provision of the treaty was amnesty for English rebels.
10/6/1217, William made peace with King Henry III and had his lands restored.
1218, William, son of Roger de Huntingfeld, gave land to the priory of castle-Acre on his founding of the monastery of Mendham, Norfolk. (S) Index Monasticus, Taylor, 1821, P15.
6/1219, William had leave to go to the holy land on crusade in an attempt by the Pope to retake Jerusalem. [Very few English knights went on this crusade.]
Bef. 1/25/1220, William died on crusade.
(S) Magna Carta Ancestry, P446. (S) Monasticon Anglicanum, V5, 1825, P56.

Family notes:

·         Roger Fitz William [de Huntingfeld] s/o Guillaume de Huntingfeld [died 1155] & Sibilla ? [died 1186].
·         Alice de Senlis [likely] d/o Lord Saire de Quincy & Lady Maud de Saint Liz.
·         1196, Charter of Hugh abbot of Sees … all their portion of the church of Mendeham … done with the assent and will of Roger de Huntingfeld, knight, patron. (S) Calendar of Documents Preserved in France, V1, 1899, P240.
·         2/1206 at Woodstock, Roger de Huntingfeld a judge with William de Wrotham, archdeacon of Taunton [chief judge], and John de Gestling. [7/1206 they were in London, 8/9/1206 in Stratford, 8/23/1206 in Colchester, 9/1206 in Canterbury, then at Westminster].

Child of William and Isabel: [1 son, 4 daughters.]
i. Roger de Huntingfield (94560296), born bef. 1200 in England.

Sunday, January 27, 2013

G28: 189118350 FitzGilbert-MacMurchada

189118350. Earl Richard fitz Gilbert de Clare & 189118351. Eve MacMurchada

1130, Richard born in England, s/o 378236700. Gilbert fitz Gilbert de Clare & 378236701. Isabel de Beaumont.
12/22/1135, Stephen crowned king of England. [Usurping Empress Matilda, d/o King Henry I; the next 18 years there would be civil war in England.]
4/15/1136, Richard’s uncle, Richard fitz Gilbert de Clare, killed in a Welsh ambush by Mogan ab Owain.
1138, Richard’s father named as Earl of Pembroke by King Stephen.
~1145, Eve [Aoife] born in Ireland, d/o 378236702. Dermot MacMurchada & 378236703. Mor Ni Tuathail.
1/6/1148, On his father’s death, Richard succeeded to the lands and castles.
11/6/1153, Richard, “comes de Penbroc”, witnessed the Treaty of Wallingford [aka Windsor/Westminster], which recognized Henry, Duke of Anjou [s/o Empress Matilda], as heir to the throne of England.
12/19/1154, Henry II succeeded King Stephen of England. [King Henry began a systematic reclamation of demesne lands alienated by King Stephen.]
12/1154, King Henry II did not recognize Richard’s title to Pembroke; inherited by his father from his uncle Walter de Clare and granted by King Stephen, nor as lord of Orbec and Bienfaite in Normandy, inherited by his father from his uncle Roger de Clare and granted by King Henry I.
1155, Richard attended an English royal court [his last recorded until 1168.] (S) Medieval Ireland, Duffy, 2005, P734.
1/1156 at Dover, Richard fitz Gilbert witnessed the King’s creation of Aubrey de Vere as earl of Oxford.
1159, Rhus ap Gruffydd attacked castles in Wales. Reginald of Cornwall, William of Gloucester, Roger of Hertford, Richard of Pembroke [lord of Striguil], and Patrick of Salisbury marched together [unsuccessfully] against Rhys. (S) History of Wales, V2, Lloyd, 1911, P511.
1164, Richard inherited the manor of Fitz Aufculfs [in Mershe] from Walter Giffard, earl of Buckingham. (S) History and Antiquities – Buckingham, Willis, 1755, P238. [Inherited through his mother, Richard should have received more lands, but King Henry refused to release them.]
1166, Richard Strongbow of Strigul, held 83 knights’ fees in England and Wales. (S) War, Government and Aristocracy in the British Isles, Given-Wilson, 2008, P15. [Assessed on the aid of marrying the King’s daughter.]
1167, Norsemen supported Roderic O’Connor of Connaught, claimant to the high kingship of Ireland, drove into exile their overlord, Dermot [Eve’s father.]
8/1167, Dermot MacMurchada, lord of Leinster, arrived in Bristol, along with his daughter Aoife, and went to the home of Robert fitz Harding, a wealthy merchant, money-lender, and favorite of King Henry’s. Dermot had gone to King Henry in Normandy and gained permission to recruit knights from Henry’s lands in Wales and the Marches for his battle to regain his own lordship of Leinster in Ireland. One of those recruited was his future son-in-law Strongbow. [Strongbow was initially reluctant to go to Ireland. Robert fitz Stephen and Maurice fitz Gerald did send forces.]
9/1167, Richard, earl of Strigoil, escorted Princess Matilda to Minden, Germany to marry Henry the Lion, Duke of Saxony and Bavaria.
7/1168, Dermot offered Strongbow lands in Ireland, his daughter Eve in marriage, and the lordship of Leinster on Dermot’s death if he supported his battle to regain his own lordship of Leinster in Ireland.
1168, Richard attended royal court to receive permission to marry. (S) Medieval Ireland, Duffy, 2005, P734.
5/1170, Richard, earl of Strangul, giving command to Raymond le Gros, sent many of his vassals from Wales to Ireland [1200 soldiers]. (S) Journal of the Waterford & South-East of Ireland, V6, 1900, P88. [1170 – The forces defeated in battle at Baginbun Head a combination of Irish and Danes.]
1170, Strongbow’s departure from England to be delayed by a messenger of King Henry, who arrived too late. Strongbow left from Milford Haven.
8/23/1170, Strongbow landed with 200 men-at-arms and 1000 archers at Waterford, Ireland.
8/28/1170, Strongbow and Dermot, providing 500 ‘gallowglasses’ – infantry equipped and armed after like the Norwegians, took Waterford from the Danes.
8/29/1170, Strongbow married Eve in the cathedral at Waterford, Ireland.
1170, Strongbow and Dermot marched on Dublin; taking a circuitous route over the mountains that bypassed prepared defenses. Strongbow met with the Ostmen of the city, and at the same time sent Raymond le Gros and Miles de Cogan to attack the city, which was captured. [The English now had a port in which to support a major invasion.]
1170, By the general assembly of Irish clergy at Armagh, it was decreed that all Englishmen who were held in bondage should be freed. [The Irish were worried about an all-out invasion and conquest by the English – which would occur a year later.]
1170–1171, Strongbow’s battles continued; conquering much of southeastern Ireland.
4/1171, King Henry II became alarmed at the success of Richard’s knights; and fearing their growing strength and possible motives, he ordered all his knights in Ireland to return to England on pain of forfeiture of their lands in England, Wales and Normandy.
5/1/1171, Diarmait died at Ferns; leaving no sons, Strongbow, his son-in-law taking the title King of Leinster. [According to Norman law; but by Irish law a king could not name a successor, he had to be elected.]
5/1171, Ruaidri Ua Chonchobhair, King of Connaught, with and army of about 30,000, laid siege to Strongbow and the city of Dublin.
6/1171, 600 of Strongbow’s men, separated into 3 divisions, surprised, defeated and routed the Irish army [who were caught bathing in the river.]
7/1171, Strongbow, King of Leinster, met Henry II at Newnham in Gloucester. King Henry took from Strongbow most of the lands that Strongbow himself had either conquered and granted them back to Strongbow as lands held by the grace of the king. Richard granted his father-in-law’s title of King of Leinster.
10/1171, After the English Pope Adrian granted Ireland to King Henry, Henry landed at Waterford. [The English domination of Ireland began.] Strongbow met the King and surrendered the port cities of Ireland. (S) Oxford Encyclopedia of Medieval Warfare, 2010, P216.
1171-72, Richard, earl of Pembroke, grant lands of Cluenliff to the abbey of the Blessed Virgin Mary near Dublin. (S) History of the City of Dublin, V1, 1818, P301.
3/1172 at Wexford, Ireland, Earl Richard fitz Gilbert (of Strigoil and Pembroke), witnessed a royal charter to Hugh de Lacy of the land of Meath.
4/17/1172, King Henry left Ireland leaving Hugh de Lacy as justiciar, holding Dublin and Meath; Robert fitz Bernard in custody of Waterford and Wexford; and Richard, earl of Strigoil, in possession of Leinster.
4/1173, King Henry II’s sons in Normandy revolted, and Strongbow responded to a call for support by Henry. Strongbow intially was assigned to defend the castle at Gisors.
8/9/1173, Strongbow participated in the capture [after a siege] of Verneuil, Normandy.
9/1173, Strongbow participated in the siege of Breteuil, Normandy. [Richard had proven his military skills and his fealty.]
1173, King Henry ordered Strongbow back to Ireland to control it as the king’s representative; granting him the governing of Ireland, the city of Wexford, the castle of Wicklow, and the constableship of Waterford and Dublin.
1174, Richard founded a priory of Knights Templars at Kilmainham. (S) Picture of Dublin, Curry, 1835, P241.
1174, Richard defeated on an expedition into Connaught.
1175, Strongbow returned to England for the signing of the Treaty of Windsor between Henry and Ruaidri Ua Chonchobhair, King of Connaught [and given all of Ireland outside of Leinster, Meath, and Waterford.] (S) Oath of Fealty, Scott, 2009, P99.
1175, King Henry ordered Richard, Norman earl of Lower Gwent, to restore Caerleon to Iorwerth ab Owain. (S) Medieval Boundaries, Kinoshita, 2006, P121.
10/1175 at Marlborough, Earl Richard of Striguil witnessed a royal charter to the monks of Christ Church, Canterbury.
4/5/1176, ‘Richardus comes de Streguel filius comitis Gisleberti’ died of an of infection in a leg or foot; buried in Holy Trinity Church in Dublin with his uncle-in-law Lawrence, bishop of Dublin, presiding.
Bef. 1184, Eve given her dower rights by King Henry.
1185, Aoife [Eve], styled Countess of Ireland.
1185, King Henry granted the lordship of Ireland to his son John, including the lordship of Leinster.
1186, Aoife [Eve], styled Countess of Strigoil.
1188, Eve, “comtissa de Hibernia”, confirmed a charter in Ireland.
1189, Eve, countess of Ireland, held many estates in England in dower. (S) Ideals and Practice of Medieval Knighthood II, Harper-Bill, 1988, P16.
9/3/1189, Richard I succeeded King Henry II of England.
(S) A Baronial Family in Medieval England: The Clares 1217-1314, Altschul, 1965. (S) Strongbow’s Conquest of Ireland, Clare, 1888.
Family notes:
·         Richard, “Strongbow” [for his skill and use of the long bow of the men of Gwent], Earl of Pembroke and Lord of Leinster. [His father was also known as Strongbow.]

Children of Richard and Eve:
i. Isabel de Clare (94559175), born 1172 in Ireland.
ii. Gilbert de Clare, born ~1173 in Ireland.

1185, Gilbert died while still a minor.

Saturday, January 26, 2013

G28: 189118348 FitzGilbert-Salisbury


189118348. John Fitz Gilbert & 189118349. Sibile of Salisbury

~1110, John [the Marshall] born in England, s/o 378236696. Gilbert the Marshall & Margaret ?.
~1125, Sibile born in England, s/o §Walter of Salisbury & Sibyl de Chaworth.
1129–1135, John attested to at least 12 royal acts of Henry I in both England and Normandy.
1130, Both Gilbert and his son John are listed in the King’s court.
1130, John’s father died.
1130, John listed in the court of King Henry I as Master Marshall of the King’s household. He paid £20 for ownership of his father’s lands, and 40 marks for the office of Marshall of the court.
1130, John married Aline, heir & d/o Walter Pipard, a minor Wiltshire landholder. [They had  2 sons: Gilbert died within a year of his father, John died sooner.]
1131, John fitz Gilbert, marshall, assessed for lands in Somerset, Berkshire and Wiltshire. (S) History of William Marshall, Holden, 2002, P55.
1135, On the death of Henry I, John retained his position under King Stephen.
12/22/1135, Stephen crowned king of England; ursuping King Henry I’s daughter Empress Matilda; and starting a civil war.
1136-37, Winter, southeast England. John the Marshall one of the witnesses of King Stephen’s grant to the priory of Eye, Suffolk.
3/1137, John accompanied King Stephen to Normandy; from Portsmouth to La Hogue, then to Caen, Bayeux and Rouen.
6/1137, King Stephen’s and his Norman army was at at Lisieux. (S) DNB, V20, 1909, P832.
12/25/1137, John the Marshall with King Stephen at the Christmas court at Dunstable, Bedfordshire; laying siege to the castle.
2/2/1138, King Stephen arrived in Northumbria with a large force.
4/1138, King Stephen returned south and held court at Northampton, which John the Marshall attended.
1138, John took possession of the castles of Marlborough and Ludgershall in Wiltshire as castellan, which he fortified.
6/1139, John the marshall for King Stephen. (S) Anarchy of King Stephen’s Reign, King, 1994, P119.
9/30/1139, Empress Matilda, d/o Hing Henry I, landing at Arundel in Sussex, invaded England.
3/26/1140, Robert fitz Hubert captured the castle of Devizes. John, through some trickery, was able to capture Robert, whom he tortured, and then hanged before the castle when the garrison refused to surrender.
2/2/1141 at Lincoln, King Stephen was captured and brought to Matilda.
1141, John switched sides and joined with Empress Maud in the civil war. John used his position and his castles in Wiltshire to continue to attack the lands of Stephen’s supporters. One of his frequent victims was Patrick, constable of Salisbury.
4/7/1141 at Winchester, Empress Matilda acknowledged as “Lady of England and Normandy” by Bishop Henry.
6/24/1141, Matilda’s forces expelled from London by the citizens and an army of Queen Matilda, wife of King Stephen.
7/25/1141 at Oxford, John the Marshall a guarantee and witness for an agreement involving Empress Matilda, Geoffrey de Mandeville and Aubrey de Vere.
8/1141, John participated in the seige of Winchester. Henry of Blois, bishop of Winchester and brother to King Stephen, brought troops to relieve the siege. The Empress decided to flee to John’s castle of Ludgershall with John, while Robert of Gloucester continued the battle. At the village of Wherwell, John sent the Empress on to his castle with Brian fitz Count, and he stayed with some men to defend her retreat at the River Test. At the end of this struggle at the river, only John and one of his knights were left standing. They retreated to the church of Wherwell Abbey, and the enemy set fire to it. The enemy departed thinking that John had perished, but he survived and made it to his castle of Marlborough. He lost one eye from melting iron in the fire.
9/14/1141, Empress Matilda’s forces defeated at the battle of Winchester by forces led by King Stephen’s wife Mathilde of Boulogne. The Empress’ brother Robert of Gloucester captured.
1141, [After the battle of Winchester] Patrick, earl of Salisbury, sent word to John fitz Gilbert, supporter of Matilda, that if he would wait, they would attack him the next day. (S) Armies, Chivalry and Warfare, Strickland, 1998.
11/1/1141, Matilda exchanged King Stephen for Robert.
12/25/1141, Stephen again crowned King. [The civil war would continue for 12 more years.]
1144, John le Marshal, castellan of Marlborough, plundeers the clergy. (S) Chronicles of the Reigns of Stephen, Henry II – Howlett, 1886, P107.
1145, John in a dispute with Patrick, earl of Salisbury. To resolve the dispute, John puts away his wife and marries Patrick’s sister Sybile.
~1148, John’s son William was held hostage by King Stephen in the seige of Newbury castle.
4/1149, Duke Henry arrived from Normandy and went to Devizes [Wiltshire], where he met with earls and barons including John the Marshall.
1152, John gave his son William as a hostage of King Stephen at the seige of Newbury castle. Stephen ordered John to surrender immediately or watch as he hanged William in front of the castle. John replied that he should go ahead, for “I still have the hammer and the anvil with which to forge still more and better sons!” Fortunately, Stephen could not bring himself to hang young William. As a younger son of a minor nobleman, William had no lands or fortune to inherit.
1/1153, Duke Henry landed in England with 140 knights and 3,000 infantry in 36 ships. Supported by the Earl of Chester, he captured Malmesbury and relieved Wallingford.
Winter/1153, with Duke Henry and King Stephen’s forces facing each other in snow and cold, a peace agreement was made. John Fitz Gilbert, marshall, in the contingent of Duke Henry.
4/9/1153, John the Marshall accompanied Duke Henry to Stockbridge, Hampshire, where they met with the archbishop of Canterbury and multiple bishops.
4/1153, Henri Duke of Normandy confirmed an agreement between ‘Stephanum Gai et Adelicia uxorem suam’ and ‘Gislbtu fil Johannis Mariscalli et eiusdem Aeline’ relating to her inheritance. (S) FMG.
3/1154, Duke Henry left England for Normandy.
10/25/1154, King Stephen died.
12/19/1154, Henry II succeeded King Stephen of England.
Aft. 1154, King Henry II gave to John the manors of Marlborough, Wexcombe, and Cherhill in Wiltshire; yielding £82 annually in revenues. He retained the office of marshal of the royal household. John also held 7 other knights’ fees: land of the bishop of Winchester, of the bishop of Exeter, of the bishop of Winchester, of the abbot of Abingdon, of Richard de Candos, of Manasser de Arsic, and of Geoffrey de Mandeville. John held Tidworth in Wiltshire by serjeanty of his office as marshal.
1/1155 at Lincoln, ‘Johanne Marescallo’ witnessed a royal charter restoring to Robert fitz Herbert the Chamberlainship of his father and grandfather.
3/1155 at Westminster, John Marescall and Earl Patric of Salisbury both witnessed a charter of King Henry II to Roger, earl of Hereford.
1/1156 at Dover, John Marescall witnessed a royal charter to Christ Church, Canterbury.
3/4/1156, The King to … Deliver from our Treasury to John Marshall 100 shillings, which he laid out in our expenses when we were last at Devizes castle [Wiltshire.]. (S) Journal – British Arch. Assoc., V40, 1884, P147.
1157, ‘Johi Marescall’ recorded in Herefordshire and Hampshire. (S) FMG.
1161-62, ‘Johannes Marscallus xx s’ in Worcestershire. (S) FMG.
1/1164,Constitutions of Clarendon … in the fourth year of the papacy of Alexander, in the tenth year of the most illustrious king of the English, Henry II., in the presence of that same king, … in the presence of the following: [10 counts], Richard de Luce, …, John Mareschall, ….
9/14/1164, K. Henry in London, the day on which Archbishop Becket summoned to appear in the Curia Regis at Westminster to answer the complaint of John,  the King’s Marshall. [The Archbishop “came not.”] (S) Corbet’s Complete Collection of State Trials, V1, 1809, P1.
10/7/1164, John Mareschall at the Exchequer in London.
By 1165, John, ‘that scion of hell and root of all evil’, died; his eldest son by Sybile inheriting. (S) Southampton Record Series, V25, 1981, P203.
(S) Court, Household and Itinerary of King Henry II, Eyton, 1878. (S) King Stephen, King, 2010.

Family notes:

·         Gilbert the Marshal of the royal household of King Henry I. The office was subordinate to the office of constable of the royal household, responsible for everything connected to the horses of the royal household, the hawks and the hounds. He had the general duty of keeping order in the royal court/household, arranging for the billeting of members of the court, keeping tallies and other vouchers of the expenditures of the household, keeping rolls of all who performed their military service there, and being responsible for the imprisonment of debtors.
·         Walter of Salisbury, s/o Edward of Salisbury.
·         Sibil de Chaworth, sister of Patrick, 1st earl of Salisbury.
·         John the Marshall witnessed at least 4 charters of the Empress, and 5 charters of Duke Henry in Normandy, and 12 charters of King Stephen.

Children of John and Aline:
i. Gilbert Marshall, born bef. 1145 in England.

1165, Gilbert died.
Children of John and Sybile:

i. John Marshall, born ~1146 in England.

6/1166, John Marshall witnessed a royal charter at Feckenham, Worcestershire.
5/29/1169, John Mareschall excommunicated with many others by Archbishop Becket.
3/1194, John died. (S) Lancashire Pipe Rolls, Farrer, 1902, P343.

ii. William Marshall (94559174), born ~1147 in England.

Wednesday, January 23, 2013

G28: Briwere-Vaux


189118346. Sir William Briwere & 189118347. Beatrice de Vaux

12/19/1154, Henry II succeeded King Stephen of England.
~1155, William born in England, s/o §Henry Briwere [a royal forester].
Aft. 1155, William’s father died.
~1160, Beatrice born in Stoke, Devonshire, England, d/o §Hubert de Vaux, Baron of Gilsland, Cumberland & Grecia ?.
1179, William appointed high sheriff of Devon.
10/1180, William Briwere purchased half a knight’s fee in Ilesham, Devon, from his own tenants.
1187, William Briwere an assessor of tallage in Sussex, Kent, Cambridgeshire, Huntingdonshire and other counties.
1188, William Briwere visited Surrey, Berkshire, Wiltshire, Somersetshire, Dorsetshire, Devonshire and Hampshire.
1189, William Briwere held Pleas and sanctioned Conventions in various counties.
9/3/1189, Richard I succeeded King Henry II of England.
1189, William Bruere appointed by King Richard I as a chancellor and Sheriff of Devonshire [until 1209.]
12/1189, King Richard named William Brewer as 1 of 4 justices to whom he committed the charge of the kingdom. (S) Report and Transactions, V18, 1886, P352. [The others: Geoffrey fitz Peter, William Marshall, Hugh Bardolf.]
12/12/1189, King Richard departed on the 3rd Crusade.
1189-90, William Brewer given 600 marks by Geoffrey fitz Peter for the king’s use. (S) Haskins Society, Patterson, 2003, P143.
9/1190, William Brewer, high sheriff of Oxfordshire. (S) Lord Lieutenants and High Sheriffs of Oxfordshire, Peters, 1995, P33.
1191, Henry de Vallibus [Vaux], by the consent and assent of Roger, his brother, granted to William Brewer the service of half a knight’s fee of land in Collaton, which the ancestors of Beatrix the wife of said William, made to his ancestors [for 40 marks to William and 1 gelding to Roger.] (S) Chorographical Description – Devon, Risdon, 1811, P50.
1191, William Briwerre and William de Brueria witnessed a charter. (S) Reports and Transactions, V38, 1906, P348.
10/8/1191 at St. Pauls, The Archbishop of Rouen produced a letter for the king appointing him justiciar in place of William Longchamp, bishop of Ely, and naming William Brewer and others as his assisstants. [For which these individuals were threatened with excommunication by the Pope.] (S) Report and Transactions, V18, 1886, P352.
2/16/1192, [John, count of Mortain, had joined with King Philip of France against his brother King Richard] Letter commanding Hugh, bishop of Lincoln, to impose excommunication against … William Marshall, Geoffrey fitz Peter, William Brewer, Hugh Bardulf, … Gerard de Camville, the earl of Salisbury, … Henry de Vere, …. (S) English Episcopal Acta, Karn, 2006, P211.
6/1193 in Worms, Germany, William attended the 2nd court requested by King Richard in captivity, to finalize his release terms. (S) The Troubadours Song, Boyle, 2005, P202.
7/9/1193, William Brewer and William Longchamp traveled to Paris to negotiate a truce between King Philip and King Richard.
3/12/1194, Queen Eleanor and King Richard, released from imprisonment and having once more evaded capture, landed at Sandwich, England.
4/1194, William was reasigned as sheriff of Notting and Derby instead of Oxford and Berks.
8/1194, 7 royal justices, including William Brewer, traveled to York to investigate charges of heavy exactions and unjust siezure against Bishop Geoffrey. (S) Archbishop Geoffrey Plantagenet, Is18, Douie, 1960, P7.
1195, William Brewer, sheriff of Nottingham and Derby, a justice holding pleas in the counties.
1196, William granted the manor of Wolborough to the abbey of Torre. (S) Ecclesiastical Antiquities, Oliver, 1828, P72.
1196 at Oxford before the king, Margaret de Pilland for 15 marks quitclaimed to William Briwerre her right in Foston, Leics., and Luncombe and Goodleigh, Devon, held in dower.
1197, William Brewer, sheriff of Nottingham and Derby, a justice holding pleas in the counties.
1198, William Brewer, sheriff of Nottingham and Derby, a justice holding pleas in the counties.
5/27/1199 at Westminster, King John succeeded King Richard I as King of England.
1199, King John confirmed the grant of Blisworth from William, earl of Derby, to William Briwerre.
1200, William granted licence to build 3 castles at Bridgewater, and one in each of Hampshire and Devonshire.
4/3/1200, William de Percy, a minor, assigned as a ward to William. [William purchased 5 wardships this year including that of Roger de Bertrum, heir of William de Bertram.]
6/26/1200, William Briwerr granted a market and fair at Bridgewater, Somerset.
1200, William and his uncle Peganus de Walton exchanged knight fees with Reginald de Albamarl. (S) Pedes Finium – Somerset, 1892, P5.
4/1201, William Brewer, high sheriff of Oxfordshire. (S) Lord Lieutenants and High Sheriffs of Oxfordshire, Peters, 1995, P35.
1201, William endowed Monttisfont abbey in Hampshire, and Dunkeswell abbey in Devon.
3/21/1202, William, now sheriff of Cornwall; gave the shrievalty of Oxfordshire to Thomas Basset, who gave that of Dover to Hubert de Burgh. (S) Viator, V5, 1975, P240.
4/2/1203 at Molineaux near Rouen, France, William [as a Justiciar of England] and others including King John heard William de Braose disclaim any further responsibility for prisoner Arthur of Brittany.
5/5/1203 at Porchester, “William Brewer” a witness of King John’s charter of Queen Isabel’s dower lands in England and Normandy. (S) Epistolæ.
5/5/1204, Charter of the Lady the Queen I. on her Dower. John, by the grace of God, … Attesting, the Lords … Earl Roger le Bigot; W. Earl of Arundel; …; William Briwerr, … Robert de Veteriponte, … (S) King John of England, Chadwick, 1865, P192.
1204, William granted lordship of Chesterfield by gift of King John. (S) The Old Halls, Manors and Families of Derbyshire, V4, 1899, P258. [And earlier the same year the barony of Buron except the castle of Horsley.]
8/15/1204, The King’s Bailiff in Sussex had orders to give to William all Roger La Zouche’s lands in the Honour of Petworth.
9/27/1204, William Brewer granted a market at the royal manor of Axminster, Devon.
1/6/1206, William Briwer purchased for 80£ wardship of the lands and heirs of Fobertus de Dover. (S) Report and Transactions of Devonshire, V50, 1918, P96.
1206, The wardship and marriage of Roger Bertram, a minor at his father’s death, given to Peter de Brus for 1300 marks in exchange against the debts of William Briwerre.
1207, William obtained from King John a grant in fee farm of the manor of Chesterfield. (S) The Northern Star, Jewitt, 1817, P267.
11/30/1207, William attested a royal charter between the King and Loretta, countess of Leicester. (S) Historical Essays, Tait, P259.
1208, King John committed Sussex to William Brewer, specifying that Robert Camerarius was to be ‘subvicecomes.’
1210, William Brewer a witness to the official account written by King John of his quarrel with William de Briouse.
1210, The men of Dorset and Somerset, for 1200 marks, purchased a guarantee from the crown that William Brewer would never again be their sheriff. (S) Place of War in English History, Prestwich, 2004, P60.
1211, William Brewer a ‘consilarii iniquissimi’ of King John who aided him against the church.
1212, William granted timber from the forest of Leicestershire to build a cellar and chamber at Blisworth.
8/2/1212, Thomas de Erdington, William, and Alan Basset, part of a council acting on King John’s behalf, approved the taking of 4 castles by Robert de Vipont. (S) History of the Princes, Lloyd, 1881, P160.
11/12/1212, King John gave Rohese de Lucy half of the Lucy lands; and on the same day Rohese gave William Brewer 5 manors in Cornwall, 1 in Devon, and 1 in Kent to hold of her. [William had pledged for her fines to acquire the lands.] (S) Reign of King John, Painter, 1949, P75.
5/15/1213, William Brewer a witness of the document in which King John resigned his crown to the Pope.
1214, William de Percy to Sir William Briwerre: release of his right in the land of Chedderley which the said William Briwerre had given to his daughter Joan and the said William de Percy in exchange for land in the vill of Foston (Fotestone): (Leic.). (S) UKNA.
7/27/1214, Grant to William Briwere of the custody of the land and heir of Baldwin Wake with the marriage of Isabella, daughter of the same William, widow of the said Baldwin. (S) History of the Borough of Chesterfield, Yeatman, 1890, P237.
6/19/1215 at Runnymede near Windsor, King John forced to agree to the terms of the Magna Carta.
9/18/1216, The sheriff of Norfolk and Suffolk directed to give William Birwerre full seisin of the land of the honor of Lavendon, late of Henry de Clinton, who was with the king’s enemies.
10/28/1216, Henry III, age 9, crowned king of England.
1216, William Brewer the father, and William Brewer the son both named in the re-issuance of the Magna Carta. (S) Reading in Medieval History, Geary, 2010, P739.
3/24/1217, Beatrice died.
1217, The sheriff of leicester directed to given William Briwerre, the elder, full seisin of his land in Foston.
11/1217, William Brewer, William Cantilupe, Thomas of Erdington, … barons of the exchequer.
1218, William sued by Alan Basset, custodian of William de Montague, s/o Drugo. (S) The Genealogist, 1904, P168.
11/1218, William Brewer imposed extortionate terms on some Lincolnshire gentry who owed debts to the Jews.
1219, William assessed a scutage of 60+ knights’ fees.
12/1219, William Brewer asked Hubert de Burgh whether he should preambulate the forest in Hampshire, or sit with him at the exchequer.
1220, William granted 24 trunks for posts and squared beams and 2 crooks from Salcey Forest for rebuilding his houses at Blisworth.
1220, William granted a market at the manor of Deppinge [Deeping].
4/12/1221, William Brewer a councillor of the king named in a papal letter stating that the king was under papal protection.
6/9/1221, William held a market at Great Torrington, Devon.
1222, William received the manor of Horsley, Derby, on the death of John de Reigni.
1223, William Brewer a pledge for a loan to the Earl of Salisbury.
4/1224, William Brewer wrote to Ralph de Neville requesting that he intervene with the King so that he might present his clerk to a benefice.
8/18/1224, The King at Bedford in the presence of Hubert de Burg Justiciary, William Earl of Salisbury, William Earl Warren, Gilbert Earl of Gloucester and Hertford, …, Hugh Earl Bigod, Humphrey Earl of Hereford, … William Briwer, P. fitz Herebert, William de Albini, Thomas de Multon, … Relaxation of the subsidy granted to the king by the clergy, for the siege of Bedford. (S) Manuscripts of the Duke of Beaufort, 1891, P556.
1224-25, William retired as a monk to the abbey of Dunkeswell.
1226-27, William of Horsley, Derby, died; buried in the Abbey of Dunkeswell, Devonshire; son William his heir. [William held the wardship of his grandson Reynold de Mohun.]
Beatrice died; buried at Montesfonte. (S) History of the County of Derby, V2, 1829, P263.
(S) History of County of Northampton, V4, 1937. (S) The Reign of King John, Painter, 1949, P194. (S) Gazetteer of Markets and Fairs in England and Wales to 1516. (S) Honors and Knights’ Fees, Farrer, V2, 1925. (S) Court, Household, and Itinerary of King Henry II, Eyton, 1878. (S) Minority of Henry III, Carpenter, 1990. (S) Medieval English Sheriff, Morris, 1968.

Family notes:

·         3/1155, Royal charter to the Bishop of Winchester, confirming to William Briewerr the lands and tenures which he had in time of K. Henry, the King’s grandfather.
·         William’s mother a Devonshire lady, d/o Geoffrey and sister of Reginald de Arlbmarle, of Woodbury. (S) Reports and Transactions, V38, 1906, P348.
·         William’s seal is one of the earliest examples to incorporate a mermaid.
·         There is also a William Brewer, Bishop of Exeter, contemporary to these Williams.

Children of William and Beatrice:
i. Richard Brewer, born ? in England.

Aft. 1200, Richard died fighting the Welsh.

ii. Alicia Brewer (973512769), born ~1179 in England.
iii. Margaret Briwere (94559155), born ~1180 in England. [2nd daughter]
iv. William Briwerre, born ? in England.

By 1197, William married Joan, d/o William de Vernon, earl of Devon.
1220, William the younger pardoned of various debts including 11 marks for 5.5 fees of Bidun.
1224, William constituted governor of the castle of Newcastle upon Tyne.
~1226, William married Joan, d/o William de Percy.
1232, William died; Joan received Blisworth in dower.
1265, Joan died; Blisworth descended to Baldwin Wake, grandson of William’s sister Isabel.

v. Grace Briwere (94559173), born ~1186 in England.
vi. Joan Briwere (486765191), born ~1188 in England.
vii. Isabel de Briwere (19989617), born ~1190 in England.

Monday, January 21, 2013

G28: 189118344 Breuse-LaHaie


189118344. William de Breuse & 189118345. Maud, ‘Lady of La Haie

~1145, William born in England, s/o 79958018. William de Braose79958019. Bertha de Hereford.
1150, Matilda de St. Walerick born in England, d/o §Bernald de Saint Valery IV & Eleanor de Domnart
12/19/1154, Henry II succeeded King Stephen of England.
1172, William of Briouze owed the service of 3 knights for the honour of Briouze [between Falaise and Domfront] as a fief of King Philip Augustus. (S) Loss of Normandy, Powicke, 1963, P489.
1173, The Welsh chieftain Sitsyllt ap Dwfnwal captured William’s Abergavenny castle.
1173, William’s father, “Black William”, Lord of Bramber, sheriff of Hereford, died.
1175, William de Broase, junior, [in retaliation for the murder of his uncle, Henry de Hereford] murdered Seisyllt ap Dyfnwal, lord of Castell Arnallt, a Welsh stronghold a few miles to the southeast of Abergavenny. Soon after the castle was restored by King Henry II, William invited Seisyllt to a feast, and then murdered him and his companions. William then captured Seisyllt’s castle, taking his wife and killing his son.
6/29/1175, William de Braose and William, earl of Gloucester, enjoined to defend the King’s subjects against the Welsh.
1176-77, William confirmed a gift to the Hospitallers.
3/1179 at Gloucester, William de Broase, junior, witnessed the king’s confirmation of the foundation of Westwood abbey by Richard de Luci.
9/3/1189, Richard I succeeded King Henry II of England.
~1190, King Richard I granted William the whole kingdom of Limerick, Ireland, for 60 Kt. fees.
1191, William de Braiose appointed sheriff of Hereford. (S) Medieval English Sheriff, Morris, 1968, P163.
1191-2, William building a castle at Knighton, Wales. (S) Gazetteer of Markets and Fairs in England and Wales to 1516.
3/4/1193 at Cardiff, William witnessed a charter of John, count of Mortain [future king], to Margam abbey.
1193-96, William attempted to conquer the land of Elfael.
1194-5, Willm de Brewes petit versus Oliverum de Tracy ut teneat finem suam de medietate baronie de Bernstable … (S) Report and Transactions – Devonshire, V34, 1902, P729.
1195-6, William de Braose entered into an agreement with Oliver de Tracy the younger where by he acquired all the estates of the Honour of Barnstaple, excepting Fremington, and 5 knights’ fees.
1196, William repeated the above events with another Welsh chieftain.
~1197, William granted the manor of Cotswolds. (S) The Cotswolds, Verey, 2002, P685.
4/6/1199, William with King Richard I when the King was wounded in a skirmish at Chalus-Chabrol, France.
5/27/1199, John succeeded King Richard I of England.
1199, William, lord of the rape of Branber, Sussex; Marcher lord of Radnor, Builth, Brecon and Abergavenny; baron of Briouze [between Falaise and Domfront on Orne], Normandy.
1200, William authorized by King John to add as much land to the barony of Radnor as he could at the expense of the Welsh.
1/1201, For a fine of 5000 marks, William granted the honour of Limerick in Ireland; excepting the city of Limerick and the lands of William de Burgh. [William was later granted the city of Limerick for a fine of 100 marks.]
1202, William given custody of the Beauchamp barony of Elmley in Worcestershire, and the Marcher lordships of Glamorgan and Gower; making William a major baron. William began a land stuggle with Gwenwynwyn of Powys that would continue for several years.
8/1/1202 at the battle of Mirebeau, France, Arthur of Brittany was captured by William who was in the service of King John. Arthur was besieging the town in Anjou and had Eleanor of Aquitaine [King John’s mother] trapped in the castle.
4/2/1203 at Molineaux near Rouen, France, William disclaimed any further responsibility for prisoner Arthur of Brittany, turning him back over to King John. [William may have had firsthand knowledge that King John soon after killed his nephew Arthur in a drunken rage.]
4/16/1203 at Falaise, William witnessed a letter that was then delivered to Queen Eleanor telling her that her grandson Arthur of Brittany was dead.
5/5/1203 at Porchester, “William of Briouze” a witness of King John’s charter of Queen Isabel’s dower lands in England and Normandy. (S) Epistolæ.
By 1203, William had demised much of his English and Welsh lands on his son William.
12/1203 at Barfleur, France, William and William Marshall were part of the retinue accompanying King John on his return to England.
5/5/1204, Charter of the Lady the Queen I. on her Dower. John, by the grace of God, … Attesting, the Lords … ; Henry de Bohum, Earl of Hereford; W. de Braosa, … William Briwerr, Hugo de Neville, … (S) King John of England, Chadwick, 1865, P192.
1204, William lost his Normandy estates to King Philip Augustus, who was conquering a large area of France under English rule.
12/14/1204, King John ordered a distraint against Ranulph, Earl of Chester who was aligned with Gwenwynwyn of Powys in Wales, who was engaged in war against William de Broase.
1205, King John gave the castle of Totnes to William.
1206, Peter fitz Herbert, ‘curialis’, brought a suit  coram rege against William de Braose for a third of the lordship of Brecon.
2/1207, William de Braose stripped of his custody of Gamorgan, replaced by Falkes de Breaute.
1207, A tenant of the honour of Bramber brought a recognition against William the elder for 4 knights’ fees. William responded that he could not comply because his son William held the land.
1208, King John asked for William’s son William as a hostage [a common event to guarantee loyalty], but his wife Maud refused and fled with young William to Scotland [apparently knowing what he did to his nephew Arthur]. William rebuked his wife and apologized, offering to make any satisfaction to the king short of delivering up hostages.
1208, William fled to Ireland under a letter of feudal propriety written by William the Marshall [denying knowledge that he knew of a conflict between the King and William when he let him leave.] (S) War and Chivalry, Strickland, 1996, P239.
9/1208, The Braose family tenants made an agreement with Gerard d’Athee, representing King John, that they would not return service to their overlord.
1209, William met with King John in Wales to talk of a peace agreement. [It did not help that William was behind in his payments of the fines associated with Ireland. William was somewhat protected because he was allied with the earl Marshall, and with the “de Lacy” family.]
1210, William had to flee England for Ireland.
6/10/1210, King John going to Ireland, supported by 9 of the 19 largest Broase family tenants, landed at Waterford, and looked for rebel William. King John recieve homage from the Irish Chieftains who helped in the quest. William escaped, but his wife and son [Maud & William, and a daughter] were captured [probably in Scotland].
1210, William agreed to a fine of 40,000 marks for ransom for his family. He traveled around England with a member of the exchequer and collected the first payment.
9/1210, William allowed to visit Maud in prison at Bristol.
1210-11, King John had William’s family transported to Windsor Castle where they were put in a dungeon and starved to death. [This caused resentment among the barons who felt John had gone too far.]
William fled to France.
8/9/1211, William died at Corbeil, France; buried at St. Victor’s Abbey, Paris, France. His funeral was conducted by Stephen Langton.
(S) King John, the Braoses, and the Celtic Fringe, Holden. (S) Court, Household, and Itinerary of King Henry II, Eyton, 1878.

Family notes:

·         In 1562 it was published that Lady [Maud], wife of Lord William de Breuse, ‘presented upon a time’ to the Queen 400 kine and 1 bull ‘of colour all white, the eares excepted, which were red … Touching the death of the said ladie … in the castell of Windsor, she was found dead, sitting betwixt her sons legs, who likewise being dead, sate directlie up against a wall of the chamber, wherein they were kept with hard pitance.’ (S) Southey’s Common-Place Book, Warter, 1851, P174.
·         1179-1189, An unusual break in the records of an otherwise well-documented person.
·         1/29/1188, at Winchelsea, ‘Et in liveracione Alani filii Alani et nautraum de navi Willmi de Braiose quanto missa …’ [This is a record of the ship master at Southampton.]

Children of William and Maud:
i. William de Braose (121685152), born 1175 in Bramber, Sussex, England.
ii. Margaret de Braose (19989749), born 1177 in England.
iii. Leuca de Braose (60848453), born 1181 in Bramber, Sussex, England.
iv. Reginald de Braose (94559172), born 1182 in England.
v. Giles de Braose, born ? in England.

1200, Giles created the Bishop of Hereford.
1213, Giles returned from France with other exiled bishops.
1215, Giles, supporting the barons’ revolt, advanced up the Wye river taking Radnor, Hay, Brecon, Builth and Blaenllyfni castles in Wales.
6/19/1215 at Runnymede near Windsor, King John forced to agree to the terms of the Magna Carta.
10/1215, Giles returned to royal allegiance.
1215, Giles died.

vi. Annora de Braose, born ? in England.

Annora married Hugh de Mortimer [No children.]

vii. Bertha de Breuse (60848481), born ~1195 in England.

Sunday, January 20, 2013

G28: 189118342 Eu-Warenne


189118342. Count Henry of Eu & 189118343. Maud de Warenne

12/19/1154, Henry II succeeded King Stephen of England.
~1157, Henry born in England, s/o 378236684. John, Count of Eu & 378236685. Alice de Albini.
~1165, Maud born in England, d/o 94559120. Earl Hamelin Plantagenet & 94559121. Isabel Warren.
Maud 1st married to Osbert de Preaux.
1170, Henry’s father died holding 66.5 knights’ fees; Henry under age.
4/1173, Henry supported the revolt of the eldest 3 sons of King Henry II. (S) History of England, V1, Goldsmith, 1831, P135.
1173-74, The revolt, combined with the conflicts between the counts of Eu and Aumale, devastated the marches from Verneuil to the county of Eu. (S) Companion to the Anglo-Norman World, Harper-Bill, 2003, P66.
3/19/1178 at Bec, Comte Henry of Ewe (de Augo) witnessed a royal grant to the abbey of Bec of £100 yearly.
1177-8, Henry married Matilda.
1178, Henry witnessed a charter of his mother of the gift of the manor of Snargate to Robertsbridge abbey, Sussex: “my father William Earl of Arundel, my mother Queen Adeliza, my husband John Count of Eu, my brother Godfrey, and my daughters Matilda and Margaret [who were all deceased.]
1180, Henry confirmed a charter to the monks of Robertsbridge  the whole fee of Fodilande, which they bought from Reginald de Meneriis and Maud his wife. (S) Report on the Manuscripts of Lord de L’Isle, V1, 1925, P37.
1181, Assize of Arms: “And every knight shal have as many shirts of mail, helmets, shields, and lances … “ … Henry, count of Eu wrote the he had 6.5 knights enfeoffed on his demesne and gave their names. (S) Feudal Assessments, Keefe, 1983, P205.
12/1182, Henry, count of Eu, a member of the assizes of Christmas Court at Caen, France. (S) Feudal Assessments, Keefe, 1983, P104.
3/11/1183, Henry, 6th Count of Eu, Baron of Hastings, Sussex; died, buried at Foucarmont.
1185-89, Charter of Henry II confirming to the church of St. Mary, Eu, a gift of Henry count of Eu, son of count John. (S) Cal. of Doc.’s Preserved in France, V1, Round, 1899, P525.
9/3/1189, Richard I succeeded King Henry II of England.
Maud married 2nd Henry de Stuteville. (S) Plantegenet Ancestry, Richardson, P292.
1207, Maud [de Longueville – as she is known by the French] died.
(S) Yorkshire Arch. And Topo. Journal, V9, 1886, P276, P300. (S) Court, Household and Itinerary of King Henry II, Eyton, 1878.

Child of Osbert and Maud:

i. Peter de Preaux, born ~1175 in England.
Child of Henry and Maud:
i. Ralph de Hastings, born ? in England.

1186, Ralph died as a minor, his sister Alice his heir.

ii. Guy de Hastings, born ? in England.

1185, Guy died as a minor.

iii. Alice de Hasting (94559171), born ~1182 in Sussex, England.

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