189118256. Earl Aubrey de Vere III & 189118257. Agnes of Essex
~1114, Aubrey born in England, s/o 1512946706. Aubrey de Vere II & 1512946707. Alice Fitz Richard.
12/22/1135 at Winchester, the Archbishop of Canterbury crowned Stephen King. In a coup Empress Matilda’s 1st cousin Stephen de Blois became King, violating his oath to Matilda, d/o King Henry I, and throwing the country into civil war.
1139, Aubrey de Vere became count of Guines. (S) 1042-1189, Douglas, 1996, P1147.
9/1139, King Henry’s daughter Empress Matilda invaded England with forces led by her half brother Robert, Earl of Gloucester.
1140, Ording, abbot of Bury St Edmunds, to Aubrey, count of Guines, … all the fee and the service which his uncle, Robert de Vere holds of the honour of St. Edmund, by the service of 1.5 knights; … (S) 1042-1189, Douglas, 1996, P1147.
2/2/1141, King Stephen captured at the battle of Lincoln.
4/7/1141 at Winchester, Empress Matilda acknowledged as “Lady of England and Normandy” by Bishop Henry.
5/15/1141, Aubrey’s father slain in London.
6/24/1141, Empress Matilda had to flee London [to Oxford.]
7/25/1141 at Oxford, Baldwin de Redvers 1 of 5 of comital rank that were guarantees for an agreement involving EmpressMatilda, Geoffrey de Mandeville and Aubrey de Vere. Aubrey would receive Colchester castle.
9/14/1141, Empress Matilda’s forces defeated at the battle of Winchester.
11/1/1141, King Stephen exchanged by Empress Matilda for Robert, earl of Gloucester [her half-brother.]
12/25/1141, Stephen again crowned King.
1142, Aubrey, 1st Earl of Oxford by Empress Matilda [later confirmed by King Henry II].
Bef. 1145, Aubrey returned as a supporter of King Stephen. (S) Law and Government in Medieval England, Garnett, 1994, P291.
~1146, Agnes born in England, heir & d/o §Henry of Essex.
5-6/1146, Earl Aubrey de Vere with King Stephen at the siege of Wallingford.
1146, Earl Alberic and his uncle Robert de Vere, constable, and Henry de Essex witnessed a royal charter in favour of Norfolk abbey of St. Benet of Hulm. (S) Transactions – Shropshire, V2, 1879, P20.
6/1148, Empress Matilda returned to Normandy, never returning to England.
4-6/1152, Queen Mathilde of England [wife of King Stephen] died on a visit to Aubrey de Vere at Hedingham castle.
4/1154, Earl Aubrey de Vere with King Stephen at his Easter court.
10/25/1154, King Stephen died.
12/19/1154, Henry II, s/o Empress Matilda, succeeded King Stephen of England.
1155, Aubrey offered 500 marks to succeed to his father’s office as master chamberlain [an honorific title.] (S) Henry II: New Interpretations, Harper-Bill, 2007, P298.
1/1156, Aubrey granted a charter by Henry II that gave him his ‘third penny’ of the pleas of the county.
1/1158 at Newcastle upon Tyne, Earl Alberic of Oxford witnessed a royal charter to Hubert de Vallibus.
1160, Aubrey made a grant to Colne priory, Essex.
12/25/1160 at Le Mans, Earl Alberic with King Henry and Queen Eleanor in their Christmas court.
~1162, Aubrey married 3rd Agnes.
6/1163, Henry of Essex, the coward at the battle of Ewloe, forfeited all his lands.
1163, Aubrey attempted to divorce Agnes; but the pope refused to recognize the divorce. (S) Words, Names, and History, Clark, 1995, P60.
1166, Aubrey de Vere of Oxford, held 30 knights’ fees in England and Wales. (S) War, Government and Aristocracy in the British Isles, Given-Wilson, 2008, P15. [Assessed 20£ on the aid of marrying the King’s daughter.]
1166, Bishop Gilbert Foliot wrote the Pope about Aubrey’s divorce of Agnes. (S) Gilbert Foliot and His Letters, 1965, P236.
1172, The Pope threatened Aubrey with excommunication over divorcing his wife, Agnes of Essex. (S) Henry I and the Anglo-Norman World, Fleming, 2007, P242.
11/4/1176 at Winchester, Earl Alberic of Oxford witnessed a royal confirmation of an agreement between William de Roumare, and Burgeise and Emma, sisters of William Bruere.
6/1177, A grant by Geoffry de Scalariis to Waltham attested by Earl Alberic, and Alberic his son.
8/28/1178, Earl Aubrey de Vere, Hugh de Cressy, William de Vere, Richard fitzNeal the Treasurer, and Roger Bigod witnessed a charter at Waltham in favor of the Canons of St. Osyth, at Chich, Essex.
3/1185, Aubrey of Vere, earl of Oxford [Comite Albrico] a witness of the confirmation of lands of the canons of Butley. (S) Feudal Assessments, Keefe, 1983, P105.
9/29/1185, Isabel, daughter and heir of Walter de Bolebec, age 9, in the custody of Earl Alberic of Oxford. (S) Magni Rotuli Scaccarii Normanniae, 1840, P-CVIII.
1186, Earl Aubrey de Vere had land in the settlement ‘de socagio de Noretone’, Suffolk. (S) The Agrarian History of England, V2, Thirsk, 1967, P604.
1188, Earl Alberic attended a suit involving the Earl of Clare at hundred of Risbridge. (S) Life of Sir William Wallace, Carrick, 1840, P16.
9/3/1189, Richard I succeeded King Henry II of England. Earl Alberic [Albricus comes] attended the coronation. (S) Chronicle of the Reigns of Henry II and Richard I, Stubbs, 1867, P80.
1190, Aubrey de Vere, earl of Oxford, and Great Chamberlain to King Richard I. (S) History of England, Cruise, 1815, P51.
1190, Aubrey de Vere, earl of Oxford, founded a Benedictine nunnery at Heningham, with revenues of £29 12s 10d. (S) History of the Protestant Reformation, V2, Cobbett, 1834, P68.
1191, Aubrey paid a fine of 500 marks to the king, “for the sister of Walter de Bolebec, to make a wife for his son.”
1193, Earl Aubrey contributed to the release of captured King Richard I.
1193-94, Aubrey de Vere, earl of Oxford, brought and action ro recover a manor. (S) Judges, Administrators & Common Law, Turner, 2003, P257.
1194, Aubrey “the Grim” died; his monument’s inscription describes him as the “Earl of Ghisnes and 1st Earl of Oxford.”
Agnes, surviving Aubrey, paid a fine to not be forced to remarry.
(S) King Stephen, King, 2010. (S) Court, Household and Itinerary of King Henry II, Eyton, 1878.
Children of Aubrey and Lucia:
i. Aubrey de Vere IV, born ~? in England.
1194, Aubrey succeeded his father.
Aubrey married Isabel Bolebec, niece of like-named Isabel Bolebec.
Aubrey fought with Richard Lionheart in Normandy, and later commanded King John’s forces in Ireland.
1203, Aubrey, “Count of Oxford” a witness to King John’s specification of Queen Isabela’s dower. (S) Epistolæ.
1209–1214, Aubrey the sheriff of Essex and Herefordshire.
1213, Aubrey a “Privy Councilor”.
1214, Aubrey died without issue, his brother Robert succeeding him.
ii. Robert de Vere (94559128), baptized 1164 in England.
iii. William de Vere, born ~? in England.
1186, William the Bishop of Hereford.
1199, William died.