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Saturday, January 26, 2013
G28: 189118348 FitzGilbert-Salisbury
189118348. John Fitz Gilbert & 189118349.
Sibile of Salisbury
~1110, John [the Marshall] born in England, s/o 378236696.
Gilbert the Marshall & Margaret ?.
~1125, Sibile born in England, s/o §Walter of Salisbury &
Sibyl de Chaworth.
1129–1135, John attested to at least 12 royal acts of Henry I
in both England and Normandy.
1130, Both Gilbert and his son John are listed in the King’s
1130, John’s father died.
1130, John listed in the court of King Henry I as Master
Marshall of the King’s household. He paid £20 for ownership of his father’s
lands, and 40 marks for the office of Marshall of the court.
1130, John married Aline, heir & d/o Walter Pipard, a minor
Wiltshire landholder. [They had 2 sons:
Gilbert died within a year of his father, John died sooner.]
1131, John fitz Gilbert, marshall, assessed for lands in
Somerset, Berkshire and Wiltshire. (S) History of William Marshall, Holden,
1135, On the death of Henry I, John retained his position under
12/22/1135, Stephen crowned king of England; ursuping King
Henry I’s daughter Empress Matilda; and starting a civil war.
1136-37, Winter, southeast England. John the Marshall one of
the witnesses of King Stephen’s grant to the priory of Eye, Suffolk.
3/1137, John accompanied King Stephen to Normandy; from Portsmouth
to La Hogue, then to Caen, Bayeux and Rouen.
6/1137, King Stephen’s and his Norman army was at at Lisieux.
(S) DNB, V20, 1909, P832.
12/25/1137, John the Marshall with King Stephen at the
Christmas court at Dunstable, Bedfordshire; laying siege to the castle.
2/2/1138, King Stephen arrived in Northumbria with a large
4/1138, King Stephen returned south and held court at
Northampton, which John the Marshall attended.
1138, John took possession of the castles of Marlborough and
Ludgershall in Wiltshire as castellan, which he fortified.
6/1139, John the marshall for King Stephen. (S) Anarchy of King
Stephen’s Reign, King, 1994, P119.
9/30/1139, Empress Matilda, d/o Hing Henry I, landing at
Arundel in Sussex, invaded England.
3/26/1140, Robert fitz Hubert captured the castle of Devizes. John,
through some trickery, was able to capture Robert, whom he tortured, and then
hanged before the castle when the garrison refused to surrender.
2/2/1141 at Lincoln, King Stephen was captured and brought to
1141, John switched sides and joined with Empress Maud in the
civil war. John used his position and his castles in Wiltshire to continue to
attack the lands of Stephen’s supporters. One of his frequent victims was
Patrick, constable of Salisbury.
4/7/1141 at Winchester, Empress Matilda acknowledged as “Lady
of England and Normandy” by Bishop Henry.
6/24/1141, Matilda’s forces expelled from London by the
citizens and an army of Queen Matilda, wife of King Stephen.
7/25/1141 at Oxford, John the Marshall a guarantee and witness
for an agreement involving Empress Matilda, Geoffrey de Mandeville and Aubrey de
8/1141, John participated in the seige of Winchester. Henry of
Blois, bishop of Winchester and brother to King Stephen, brought troops to
relieve the siege. The Empress decided to flee to John’s castle of Ludgershall
with John, while Robert of Gloucester continued the battle. At the village of
Wherwell, John sent the Empress on to his castle with Brian fitz Count, and he
stayed with some men to defend her retreat at the River Test. At the end of
this struggle at the river, only John and one of his knights were left standing.
They retreated to the church of Wherwell Abbey, and the enemy set fire to it.
The enemy departed thinking that John had perished, but he survived and made it
to his castle of Marlborough. He lost one eye from melting iron in the fire.
9/14/1141, Empress Matilda’s forces defeated at the battle of
Winchester by forces led by King Stephen’s wife Mathilde of Boulogne. The
Empress’ brother Robert of Gloucester captured.
1141, [After the battle of Winchester] Patrick, earl of
Salisbury, sent word to John fitz Gilbert, supporter of Matilda, that if he
would wait, they would attack him the next day. (S) Armies, Chivalry and
Warfare, Strickland, 1998.
11/1/1141, Matilda exchanged King Stephen for Robert.
12/25/1141, Stephen again crowned King. [The civil war would
continue for 12 more years.]
1144, John le Marshal, castellan of Marlborough, plundeers the clergy.
(S) Chronicles of the Reigns of Stephen, Henry II – Howlett, 1886, P107.
1145, John in a dispute with Patrick, earl of Salisbury. To
resolve the dispute, John puts away his wife and marries Patrick’s sister
~1148, John’s son William was held hostage by King Stephen in
the seige of Newbury castle.
4/1149, Duke Henry arrived from Normandy and went to Devizes
[Wiltshire], where he met with earls and barons including John the Marshall.
1152, John gave his son William as a hostage of King Stephen at
the seige of Newbury castle. Stephen ordered John to surrender immediately or
watch as he hanged William in front of the castle. John replied that he should
go ahead, for “I still have the hammer and the anvil with which to forge still more
and better sons!” Fortunately, Stephen could not bring himself to hang young
William. As a younger son of a minor nobleman, William had no lands or fortune
1/1153, Duke Henry landed in England with 140 knights and 3,000
infantry in 36 ships. Supported by the Earl of Chester, he captured Malmesbury
and relieved Wallingford.
Winter/1153, with Duke Henry and King Stephen’s forces facing
each other in snow and cold, a peace agreement was made. John Fitz Gilbert,
marshall, in the contingent of Duke Henry.
4/9/1153, John the Marshall accompanied Duke Henry to
Stockbridge, Hampshire, where they met with the archbishop of Canterbury and
4/1153, Henri Duke of Normandy confirmed an agreement between ‘Stephanum
Gai et Adelicia uxorem suam’ and ‘Gislbtu fil Johannis Mariscalli et eiusdem
Aeline’ relating to her inheritance. (S) FMG.
3/1154, Duke Henry left England for Normandy.
10/25/1154, King Stephen died.
12/19/1154, Henry II succeeded King Stephen of England.
Aft. 1154, King Henry II gave to John the manors of
Marlborough, Wexcombe, and Cherhill in Wiltshire; yielding £82 annually in
revenues. He retained the office of marshal of the royal household. John also
held 7 other knights’ fees: land of the bishop of Winchester, of the bishop of
Exeter, of the bishop of Winchester, of the abbot of Abingdon, of Richard de
Candos, of Manasser de Arsic, and of Geoffrey de Mandeville. John held Tidworth
in Wiltshire by serjeanty of his office as marshal.
1/1155 at Lincoln, ‘Johanne Marescallo’ witnessed a royal
charter restoring to Robert fitz Herbert the Chamberlainship of his father and
3/1155 at Westminster, John Marescall and Earl Patric of
Salisbury both witnessed a charter of King Henry II to Roger, earl of Hereford.
1/1156 at Dover, John Marescall witnessed a royal charter to
Christ Church, Canterbury.
3/4/1156, The King to … Deliver from our Treasury to John
Marshall 100 shillings, which he laid out in our expenses when we were last at
Devizes castle [Wiltshire.]. (S) Journal – British Arch. Assoc., V40, 1884,
1157, ‘Johi Marescall’ recorded in Herefordshire and Hampshire.
1161-62, ‘Johannes Marscallus xx s’ in Worcestershire. (S) FMG.
1/1164,Constitutions of Clarendon … in the fourth year of the
papacy of Alexander, in the tenth year of the most illustrious king of the
English, Henry II., in the presence of that same king, … in the presence of the
following: [10 counts], Richard de Luce, …, John Mareschall, ….
9/14/1164, K. Henry in London, the day on which Archbishop
Becket summoned to appear in the Curia Regis at Westminster to answer the
complaint of John, the King’s Marshall.
[The Archbishop “came not.”] (S) Corbet’s Complete Collection of State Trials,
V1, 1809, P1.
10/7/1164, John Mareschall at the Exchequer in London.
By 1165, John, ‘that scion of hell and root of all evil’, died;
his eldest son by Sybile inheriting. (S) Southampton Record Series, V25, 1981,
(S) Court, Household and Itinerary of King Henry II, Eyton,
1878. (S) King Stephen, King, 2010.
· Gilbert the Marshal of the royal household of King Henry I. The
office was subordinate to the office of constable of the royal household,
responsible for everything connected to the horses of the royal household, the
hawks and the hounds. He had the general duty of keeping order in the royal
court/household, arranging for the billeting of members of the court, keeping
tallies and other vouchers of the expenditures of the household, keeping rolls
of all who performed their military service there, and being responsible for
the imprisonment of debtors. ·Walter of Salisbury, s/o Edward of Salisbury.
·Sibil de Chaworth, sister of Patrick, 1st
earl of Salisbury.
·John the Marshall witnessed at least 4 charters
of the Empress, and 5 charters of Duke Henry in Normandy, and 12 charters of
Children of John and Aline: i. Gilbert Marshall, born bef. 1145 in England.
1165, Gilbert died.
Children of John and Sybile:
i. John Marshall, born ~1146 in England.
6/1166, John Marshall witnessed a royal charter at Feckenham,
5/29/1169, John Mareschall excommunicated with many others by
3/1194, John died. (S) Lancashire Pipe Rolls, Farrer, 1902,
ii. William Marshall (94559174), born ~1147 in England.