Thursday, March 28, 2013

G29: 377996496 Lusignan-Racon


377996496. Hugh VIII de Lusignan & 377996497. Burgundia de Racon.

Hugh born in Poiitou, son of §Hugh de Lusignan.
Burgundia born in France, d/o §Geoffrey de Racon.
8/1/1137, Louis VII succeeded as king of France.
Hugh VIII “le Brun”, lord of Lusignan, married Burgundia [receiving Vouvant as part of her portion.]
1148, Hugh’s father died on crusade.
1151, Hugh succeeded as seigneur de Lusignan, Couhe and Chateau-Larcher.
1154, Hugh became a vassal to the Henry II, King of England. (S) Kingdom of Cyprus, Edbury, 1993, P23.
1163, Hugh joined the crusades and left for Palestine from Poitou.
8/1164, Hugh captured at the battle of Harim, on the plain of Artah, in the service of Bohemond III, prince of Antioch. (S) History of the Crusades, Setton, 2006, P524. [Bohemond III, Raymond III of Tripoli, and Joscelin III of Edessa were also captured.]
1164, Hugh died in the Holy Land; his son Hugh succeeding.
Bef. 1169, Hugh le Brun, lord of Lusignan, frees the monks [of the abbey of Becheron] from paying tolls in his lands; witnessed by his brother Geoffrey and his mother Lady Burgundia, and [uncles] Simon Brunus, Rorgo, and Galeran.
3/15/1169, Hugh, the son and heir, died.              
3/16/1169, Geoffrey’s mother Burgundia consented to a grant by Geoffrey to the abbey of Absie for the soul of his brother Hugh [the day after Hugh’s death.]
4/11/1169, Burgundia died.
(S) The Houses of Lusignan and Chatellerault, Medieval Academy of America, Painter, 1955.
Family notes:
·         1102, Guy of Lusignan [grandfather of Hugh] fought at the battle of Ramla. (S) Kingdom of Cyprus, Edbury, 1993, P23.
·         Hugh VIII had brothers Geoffrey, Simon, Brunus, Rorgo, and Galeran.

Children of Hugh and Burgundia:
i. Hugh de Lusignan (188998248), born ~1140 in Lusignan, France.
ii. Geoffrey de Lusignan, born ? in Lusignan, France.

Geoffrey, lord of Vouvant, married Humberga, d/o Ademar IV, viscount of Limoges.
1170-1188, Geoffrey led revolts against King Henry II of England [and Duke of Aquitaine].
1188, Geoffrey went on crusade where he distinguished himself.
Geoffrey, lord of Vouvant, married 2nd Eustachia,lady of Moncontour.
1219, Geoffrey “lo Prodome” died.
Children: Hugh, died by 1224. Geoffrey [died by 1248], lord of Vouvant, viscount of Chatellerault; married Clemence [died 1238]. Ameri [died by 1242], lord of Soubise [Lords of Parthenay.]

iii. Guy de Lusignan, born ? in Lusignan, France.

Guy married Sibylle, Queen of Jerusalem, widow of William de Montferrat, d/o King Amauri I of Jerusalem.
1186–90, Guy, King of Jerusalem.
1190, Sibylle died.
4/1192, Guy, lord of Cyprus, bought from Richard I, as compensation for giving up Jerusalem to Conrad de Montferrat.
1194, Guy died.

iv. Amauri de Lusignan, born ? in Lusignan, France.

Amauri married Eschive d’Ibelin. [Descendants ruled Cyprus until 15th century.]
1186–90, Amauri, Constable of Jerusalem under his brother Guy.
1194-96, Amauri, lord of Cyprus.
1196-1205, Amauri, King of Cyprus by grant of Emperor Henry VI.
1197, Amauri married 2nd Isabelle, Queen of Jerusalem, widow of Henry of Champagne.
1197-1205, Amauri, King of Jerusalem.
Children: Hugh, King of Cyprus.

Wednesday, March 27, 2013

G29: 325107712 Malet


325107712. Robert Malet

~1082, Robert born in Curry Mallet, Somerset, England, s/o 650215424. Gilbert Malet.
Aft. 1086, Robert’s father died.
8/5/1100, Henry I crowned King of England. [Robert’s uncle and namesake attended the coronation.]
9/28/1106, Robert’s uncle of the same name died at the battle of Tinchebrae, France. [His heir was his son William, who was deprived of his lands in 1110.]
Bet. 1110–1135, Robert held 10 knights’ fees of Abbey of Glastonbury. [Robert Malet in possession of a large part of the property of Roger de Corcelle, who died during the reign of William Rufus. No record or tradition existing of the mode in which these possessions came to the Malets.]
1129-30, Robert Malet named with reference to Warminster, Wilts.
12/26/1135, In a coup, Stephen became King of England; ursuping Empress Matilda, d/o King Henry I, and starting a civil war.
4/1136 at Winchester, Robert Malet attended the Easter court of King Stephen, where he issued his Charter of Liberties. (S) King Stephen, King, 2010, P60.
1136, Robert Malet steward of the King’s household.
1136-38, Notification by King Stephen that he has confirmed to the church of Eye all the holdings of Benedict the chaplain in Stoke Ash, … [Benedict the chaplain of Robert Malet who held the churches of Stoke Ash and Throndon.] (S) Eye Priory Cartulary, Brown, 1992, P29.
1137, Robert Malet with King Stephen in Normandy.
By 6/1139, Robert Malet removed as a steward to the King. (S) Anarchy of King Stephen’s Reign, King, 1994, P119.
1140, Robert held Curry Malet.
By 1141, Robert switched allegiance to Empress Matilda.
1141, Robert was a witness to the charter granted by Maud the Empress to Geoffrey de Magnaville when she created him Earl of Essex.
1150, Robert holding land in Cambridgeshire.
1150, Robert “petitions the Pope on behalf of himself and the inhabitants that a cemetery may be added to the Church, for that the corpses were lost and frequently those also who carried them in going to Glastonbury, the place of burial, in bogs and quagmires.” (S) Notes on the History of Shepton Malet, Farbrother, P220. He stated “there was not long ago in the chest of Shepton Mallet Church a letter from Robert Malet written in about 1150 …”.
1150-1153, Robert died in Curry Mallet.
(S) Notices of an English Branch of the Malet Family, Arthur Malet, 1885, PP72-3, App. GG, HH2. (S) The Origins of the Malets of Enmore, by G.E.G. Malet, The Genealogist, Vol. VIII, 1938-39. (S) Battle Conference, 1996, P164.

Children of Robert and ?:
i. William Malet (270188568), born ~1110 in Curry Mallet, Somerset, England.
ii. Baldwin Malet (325107712), born ~1112 in Curry Mallet, Somerset, England.

Tuesday, March 26, 2013

G29: 319838530 Blois-Normandy


319838530. Count Stephen-Henri of Blois & 756441989. Adela of Normandy

1045, “Etienne-Henri” born in Blois, France, s/o 639677060. Count Thibaut III of Blois & Champagne & 639677061. Garsinde du Maine.
1049, Stephen’s father repudiated his mother; who was sent to northern Italy where she remarried to Marquis Azzo . (S) Battle Conference, 1993, P106.
5/23/1059, Philip I crowned King of France.
1064, Geoffrey of Chamont witnessed 3 gifts confirmed by Stephen-Henry. (S) Battle Conference, 1993, P107.
10/25/1066, William I [the Conqueror] crowned King of England.
~1067, Adela, born in France, d/o 378220548. William the Conqueror & 378220549. Matilda of Flanders.
1068 Fulk of Anjou bought off Stephen of Blois’ agression by giving homage for Touraine. (S) England Under the Angevin Kings, 1887, P221.
Bef. 1074, Adela betrothed to Simon Crispin, Count of Amiens.
1075, Stephen of Blois and Chartres demanded to be married to Adela [which was refused.]
1077, Simon refused to marry Adela and became a monk.
1/11/1078, A charter to Cluny subscribed by: ‘… Tetbaldi comitis, Stephani comitis, Adeladis comitisse.’
Bef. 1080, Geoffrey of Chamont was again allied with Thibaud III and his son Stephen-Henry in support of King William of England. (S) Battle Conference, 1993, P112.
1080, Stephen of Blois and Chartres again demanded to be married to Adela; which was accepted. Adela was married [by proxy] at Breteuil.
1081-84, Stephen of Blois killed notorious Count Bouchard of Corbeil with a blow from his lance. (S) Victory in the East, France, 1994, P50.
~1083, In Chartres, Stephen publically married Adela.
11/2/1083, Adela’s mother died.
[–––Stephen & Adela–––]
By 1085, Stephen marrried to Adela at Chartres.
9/26/1087, Adela’s brother William Rufus crowned King of England. Her brother Robert, Duke of Normandy.
1089, Stephen’s father died leaving him as heir of Blois and Champagne [his half-brothers Odo, and then Hugh, receiving Epernay, Bar-sur-Aube and Vitry.] At the time Stephen’s father described him as generous, sober, steady and mature.
1092, Adela swore for herself and her husband to defend Ivo of Chartres who had been captured by Hugh le Puiset.
1093, Stephen’s older brother Eudo [Odo] died; Stephen his heir. (S) The Normans, Crouch, 2006, P239.
Bef. 10/1093, Ivo sent a letter to Adela counseling against the use of force against Hugh le Puiset. [Ivo was released 10/1093 when the people of Chartres paid his ransom.]
10/28/1095, Stephen and Adela with members of the family, and Constance, d/o King Philip, attended the religious festival of the removal of St. Helena’s honoured remains to a place which had been prepared for them in the neighborhood of Hautvilliers. (S) Lives of the Queens of England, Hall, 1854, P152.
11/27/1095, at Clermont, Pope Urban proposed the 1st crusade; with a new doctrine that the blood they shed would not be held against them.
1096, Charter of Stephen-Henry: Pater meus … comiti Gaufredo Martello, … est abbatiam Majoris Monasterii, … (S) Battle Conference, 1993, P104.
1096, Stephen of Blois took the cross of a crusader.
9/1096, Stephen a co-commander with Duke Robert Curthose of Normandy as they set out on crusade. They traveled south to Lucca, then Rome, then the south coast of Italy to the port of Bari. Not having access to ships, they wintered at Calabria.
1096-97, While Stephen was on crusade, Adela sought episcopal approval for the creation of a parish church at Francheville.
1097, Adela sent 100 soldiers to Prince Louis of France to help suppress a Norman revolt.
1097, Adela hosted Anselm, abbot of Bec and archbishop of Cantebury, traveling from England to Rome, who was in conflict with her brother King William II of England.
4/1097, The crusaders sailed from Brindisi to Durazzo; then overland by the Via Egnatia road to Constantinople.
5/1097 from Constantinople Stephen wrote: “My Countess … By the grace of God … the city of Constantinople. The Emperor received me with dignity, … In this whole army of God there is no duke, no count nor any other person of consequence, whom he trusts and befriends above me. … your father my beloved gave me many great gifts, but this generosity was as nothing compared to this.”
6/1097, The crusaders reached Nicea, joining a siege in process, while be harrassed by mounted archers of Kilij Arslan [who’s wife was in the city].
6/1097, Stephen sent a letter home: “Count Stephen to countess Adela, his sweetest friend, his wife … I tell you, my beloved, that from Nicaea, which I have spoken so much about, we shall reach Jerusalem in five weeks, unless Antioch prevents us.”
6/30/1097, Stephen and his contingent traveling with half the forces a day ahead of the other half encamped in a valley near Dorylaeum in Aisa Minor. The next morning they were attacked by archers of Kilij Arslan. Forming a defensive perimeter, they held off the attack until the Moslems were supprised by the arrival of the 2nd half of the force and had to flee, leaving behind horses and camels, as well as treasure. They then moved south.
8/1097, The crusaders reached Iconium in Asia Minor, closely populated by Armenian Christians.
8/1097, Traveling east, the crusaders engaged Seljuks at Heraclea, easily winning the city. The crusaders then divided their forces again, one part taking the Roman road that went shortest distance, but required difficult mountainous conditions; the other taking a longer, safer route, that could encounter early snowfalls. Stephen was with the main body of forces on the longer route to Caesarea-in-Cappadocia.
1097, Leaving Caesarea, they traveled through the mountains capturing small towns including Coxon. Clearing the Taurus mountains, they arrived at Antioch [which Stephen said of it: “a very great city, stronger than one can imagine, and utterly impregnable.”]
10/1097 at Antioch, the crusaders 1st captured the Iron Bridge to seal access from the east.
1096-97, While Stephen was on crusade, Adela sought the support of Ivo of Chartres to get the nuns at Faremoutiers to reform themselves.
12/1097-2/1098, Cold and rain prevented much activity. Stephen wrote: “We have suffered … throughout the whole of winter, from excessive cold and great deluges.” During this time Stephen was titled ‘leader, planner and manager’ of the army, and put in charge of the treasury. [A chronicler noted that by February, as many had died of sickness as had died in battle.]
4/1098, letter of Stephen: “Count Stephen to Adele, his sweetest and most amiable wife, to his dear children, and to all his vassals of all ranks, his greeting and blessing. … the messenger whom I sent to give you pleasure, left me before Antioch safe and unharmed, … our princes, with the common consent of the whole army, against my own wishes, have made me up to the present time the leader, chief and director of their whole expedition. … after the capture of the city of Nicaea we fought a great battle with the perfidious Turks and by God's aid conquered them. Next we conquered for the Lord all Romania and afterwards Cappadocia. And we learned that there was a certain Turkish prince Assam, dwelling in Cappadocia; thither we directed our course. All his castles we conquered by force and compelled him to flee to a certain very strong castle situated on a high rock. … city of Antioch, we besieged it and very often …, we fought with the fiercest courage, … these seven battles by the aid of the Lord God, we conquered and most assuredly killed an innumerable host of them. In those battles, indeed, and in very many attacks made upon the city, many of our brethren and followers were killed and their souls were borne to the joys of paradise. … 12,000 picked Turkish horsemen suddenly came to aid the inhabitants of Antioch. … we attacked them at three leagues' distance with 700 soldiers, on a certain plain near the "Iron Bridge." God, however, fought for us, His faithful, against them. For on that day, fighting in the strength that God gives, we conquered them and killed an innumerable multitude, … The emperor of Babylon also sent Saracen messengers to our army with letters, and through these he established peace and concord with us. … during Lent [a battle on the bridge] the number of Turks and Saracens killed is reckoned at 1,230, but of ours we did not lose a single man.”
6/2/1098, Stephen took his Blois contingent and returned to the coast, and then Alexandretta; from which he returned home. [A letter to his wife implies he may have been ill. Antioch fell the next day; but the were then put under siege by another Muslim army.]
1098, Adela became seriously ill, and attributed her recovery to the intercession of St. Agiles.
1099, Stephen returned home from the crusade, somewhat disgraced for leaving the siege of Antioch.
8/5/1100, Adela’s brother Henry I crowned King of England.
1100-01, Charte de Comte Hugues: “… These witnesses are: … Adela, countess and daughter of the king of the English, and her three sons, William, Thibaut, and Stephen …”
6/1101, At Adela’s urging, Stephen on the minor crusade with William, count of Poitou, departed from Nicomedia. (S) 1st Crusade, Riley-Smith, 2009, P162.
1101, Ivo, humble minister of the church of Chartres, to Adela, excellent countess, greetings and the gift of prayers. … [letter addressed church rights].
5/19/1102, Stephen, Count of Blois and Chartres, killed on crusade at the battle of Ramla.
[–––Adela–––]
1102, Adela regent for her sons [and  her childless brother-in-law Hugh, Count of Troyes, while he was on crusade]. Adela’s regencey covered over 350 castles and large properties throughout France including Chartres.
1103, Adela, hosting Anselm, archbishop of Canterbury at her home, met with the Pope who was visiting Chartres.
1103, Ivo of Chartres wrote a letter to Adela about things being said about him not being true.
1104, Hildebert of Lavardin sent a letter to Adela requesting safe conduct.
Bef. 5/1105, Adela, feigning an illness, asked Anselm, archbishop of Canterbury, on his way to England to excommunicate her brother King Henry, to take a detour to visit her. [This gave King Henry time to prepare a response to the papal order.]
5/24/1105, Anselm wrote to the Pope praising Adela’s mediation in the dispute between her brother King Henry and himself.
1105, Adela restored to the canons of Bourgmoyen, Blois, their liberties and petitioned Ivo of Chartres for his confirmation.
4/1106 at Chartres, Adela of Blois, countess of Blois-Champagne, hosted the wedding of Constance Capet, sister of Louis VI [‘rex designatus’] and Bohemond I of Antioch. Constance’s father King Philip I attended. (S) Early Gothic Column-Figure Sculpture in France, Snyder, P167.
4/1107, Ivo, humble minister by the grace of God of the church of Chartres, to Adela, excellent countess, to know good and do it. We heard that you have by your order forbidden travel, bread, water, and all the necessities of this life which are in your power to our sons, canons of St. Mary [Notre Dame].  … [The Pope, again at Chartres, settled the dispute between Adela and Ivo.]
1107, Adela granted to Sainte-Poi, Coulommiers, 7 hospites formerly belonging to William Normandus, magister of one of her sons. (S) Medieval Mothering, Parsons, 1999, P318.
Aft. 1107, Baudri, archbishop of Dol, wrote his longest and best-known poem, dedicated to Adela. In it he described her bedchamber as having walls covered by tapestries of Biblical scenes as well as the battle of Hastings; adorned with statues representing Philosophy, the Seven Liberal Arts, and Medicine. The sky and constellations were depicted on the ceiling, and a map of the world on the floor.
1108, Hugh le Puiset attacked Adela’s lands. Adela and her son Theobald traveled to Paris to seek support of King Philip. [Hugh was defeated by their joint forces.]
8/3/1108, Louis VI crowned King of France.
1109, Letter from Adela to the monks of Bonneval: “It is known to all with no need of persuasion that in order to safeguard peace the truth of things done should be committed to writing. I, countess Adela, wife of count Stephen …”
1109, Adela resigned her regency in favor of her son Theobald.
1110, Hugh de Fleury wrote a letter to Adela giving details of her ancestry back to Charlemagne. He also sent her his ‘Historia ecclesiastica’, which he wrote for her stating ‘members of the female sex should not be deprived of knowledge of deep things.’ (S) To the Glory of Her Sex, Ferrante, 1997, P97.
9/14/1110, King Louis took the abbey of Bonneval under his special protection and confirmed the charter in which Adela of Blois had relinquished certain rights over the abbey. (S) Social Origins of Medieval Institutions, O’Callaghan, 1998, P275. [Adela’s sons Theobald and Stephen had both consented to the grant.]
1111-12, Guy of Gallardon wrote to his ruler, countess Adela, mentioning Amaury of Montfort and Hugh de Crecy making a pact in which Amaury is to be with Lord Milo of Bray as long as Adela wiched.
1112, In the presence of Countess Adela, and at her suggestion, Hugh le Puiset signed a charter making reparation for past offenses agains the abbey of St.-Jean-en-Vallee. (S) Social Origins of Medieval Institutions, O’Callaghan, 1998, P277.
1112-13, Adela sent her son Stephen to the court of her brother King Henry in England.
1113, Adela was influential in getting her son Theobald to ally himself with King Henry against King Louis.
1117-18, Adela influenced her son Theobald to side with her brother King Henry against the King of France. [King Henry’s efforts had little effect.]
1118, Preuilly, in the diocese of Sens, founded by Adela and her son Theobald. (S) Cistercians in the Middle Ages, Burton, 2011, P25.
1119, “I Adela, countess of Blois, and Thibaut, my son, …, that we have granted our fair of Sezanne, which is on the feast of St. Nicholas, completely to clothing the poor monks of Christ of the church of St. Mary of Molesme …”
6/1120, Adela paid homage to her brother King Henry, now recognized by King Louis as having the right to Normandy. [The peace agreement was orchestrated through Adela’s papal contacts.]
11/25/1120, Adela’s daughter Matilda died in the White ship disaster with her husband, Richard, earl of Chester.
1122-25, Adela retired to the convent of Marcigney on the Loire.
1126-29, King Henry gave the nunnery of Marcigny, home of his sister Adela, freedom from customs and futher stipulated that the nuns could not be impleaded except in the presence of the King. (S) Henry I, Hollister, 2003, P408.
1128, Thibaud, son of Adela, at her urging, remitted the St. Martin prebends into the hands of the successor of Ivo of Chartres.
1130, Adela, countess of Blois, wrote a letter to her son Theobald, count of Blois. (S) Letters of Medieval Women, Sutton, 2002, P-IV.
1133-37, Letter from Adela to her son Thibaut: “To her dearest son, count T of Blois, A, nun of Marcigny, the affection of maternal love …”
9/1134, A fire ravaged Adela’s town of Chartres, damaging the hospital and church.
12/1/1135, Adela’s brother, King Henry I died.
12/1135, The abbot of Cluny wrote to Adela informing her of her brother’s death. [Leaving Adela as the last surviving child of William the Conqueror.]
12/26/1135, In a coup, Adela’s son, Stephen de Blois became King of England.
1136, Letter from Peter the Venerable to Adeal; Peter announces to Adela the death of her brother, King Henry I, with information about his death and burial.
1136, King Stephen issued letters of protection to the abbey of Marcigny in Burgundy, “where my mother is a nun.”
3/8/1137, ‘Adela, filia regis’ died at the convent; buried at Caen beside her mother and sister Cecilia in the abbey of the Holy Trinity.
(S) Epistolæ. (S) Medieval France: An Encyclopedia, Kilber, 1995. (S) Conqueror’s Son, Lack, 2007. (S) King Stephen, King, 2011. (S) Proceedings of the Battle Conference, 1991. (S) DNB, V1, 1885, P135.
Family notes:
·         There are many documents of Adela which are undated.
·         Other sons: William [the eldest] passed over; Henry became bishop of Winchester; Philip became the abbot at Chalons; Humbert died young; Eudo named in 1 charter.
·         Daughter: Adela married Milo de Brai, viscount of Troyes [annulled].

Children of Stephen and Adela:
i. William de Sulli, born bef. 1090 in France.
1102, William named Count of Blois and Chartres.
1104, William married Agnes de Sully, heiress of the lordship of Sully-sur-Loire.
1107, William removed as count by his mother because of his erratic behavior.
Child: Margaret de Sulli, married Henry, count of Eu [parents of 378236684. John, Count of Eu.]

ii. Thibaut II of Champagne (378220994), born 1090 in France.
iii. King Stephen of England (189110430), born 1092 in France.
iv. Eleanore of Champagne, born by 1100 in France.

Eleanor married Count Raoul of Vermandois [a cousin of the King], seneschal of France, s/o Count Hugh de France & Adele of Vermandois.
1142, Eleanor was put away by her husband to marry Petronilla, sister of the Queen of France.

v. Henry of Blois, born ~1098 in France.

1126, Henry abbot at Glastonbury abbey.
10/4/1129, Henry, bishop of Winchester [consecrated 11/17/1129.]
12/15/1135, Henry, bishop of Winchester, delivered an agreement under which Stephen [Henry’s brother] would grant extensive freedoms and liberties to the church, in exchange for the Archbishop of Canterbury and the Papal Legate supporting his succession to the throne.
3/1/1139, Henry became a papal legate.
8/29/1139, King Stephen was summoned by his brother Henry, the bishop, to answer charges that he had violated church liberties.
3/2/1141, Empress Matilda met with Bishop Henry, the king’s brother, and the papal legate in England, near Winchester. Matilda promised to consult him on important legal matters, and Henry gave his allegiance to her.
4/7/1141 at Winchester, Empress Matilda acknowledged as “Lady of England and Normandy” by Bishop Henry. [Soon after Stephen again crowned King of England.]
9/23/1143, Henry lost his legatine commission.
8/8/1171, Henry, the ‘king without a throne’ died [now buried at Winchester cathedral.]

Sunday, March 24, 2013

G29: 319834122 Montfort-Bardolf-Evreux


319834122. Simon de Montfort & 319834123. Isabella Bardolf & 756441090. Agnes of Everux

5/14/1027, Henry I crowned King of France.
Isabella born in France, d/o §Hugh Bardolf.
Isabella inherited the castle of Nogent-l’Erembert near Chartres from her father [which passed to her daughter Isabel, then to her son Ralph].
7/3/1035, Robert I, duke of Normandy, died; his bastard son William [the Conqueror], age 8, succeeding.
~1045, Agnes born in Normandy, d/o 1512882180. Richard, count of Evreux & 319834121. Godeheut ?.
5/23/1059, Philip I crowned King of France.
1063, On the petition of Simon de Montfort and Walerand de Breteuil, Ralph de Tonie restored to favour.
10/25/1066, William I [the Conqueror] crowned King of England.
1067, Agnes’ father died.
~1067, Ralph de Tony obtained the right to marry Isabel de Montfort by kidnapping Anges, d/o Richard, compte d’Evreux, his own half sister, and delivering her in marriage to Simon de Montfort.
~1087, Simon died, buried at Epernon; his son Simon succeeding [succeeded in 1104 by his brother Amaury.]
Family notes:
·         1072, Amaury de Montfort [unknown relation] died.

Child of Simon and Isabella:
i. Isabel de Montfort (159917061), born ~1055 in France.
Children of Simon and Agnes:
i. Bertrade de Montfort (378220545), born ~1068 in France.
ii. Amaury de Montfort (319832088), born ~1075 in France.

Wednesday, March 20, 2013

G29: 319834120 Tosny-Evreux


319834120. Roger of Tosny & 319834121. Godeheut ? & 1512882180. Richard, count of Evreux

~990, Roger born in Conches, Normandy, s/o §Raoul de Toeni.
1013-14, Roger and his father Raoul held the castle at Tillieres for Richard, duke of Normandy. (S) Monastic Revival, Potts, 1997, P109.
1015, Raoul de Toeni [Roger’s father] the leader of a group of Normans on a pilgrimage to Italy for a blessing of the pope. The pope encouraged them to go to southern Italy, where the Greeks were attacking. (S) Southern Italy and Sicily, Crawford, 1907, P131.
1016, Raoul de Toeni [Roger’s father] and the sons of Tancred de Hauteville, on their way home from pilgrimage, helped the town of Salerno, Italy, against Saracens. (S) Meidieval France, Tilley, 2010, P80.
~1020, Richard, born in Evreux, s/o 3025764360. Robert, Archbishop of Rouen & Herleve ?. (S) Ecclesiastical History of England and Normandy, V2, 1854, P160.
Aft. 1024, Roger’s father died.
1020s, Roger fought for the Countess of Barcelona against it Muslim contemporaries. (S) Medieval Warfare, Keen , 1999, P61. [Upon returning Roger was known as “Roger the Spaniard.”]
[–––Roger & Godehilde–––]
By 1026, Roger founded the church of Sainte-Foy at Conches.
5/14/1027, Henry I crowned King of France.
7/3/1035, Robert I, duke of Normandy, died; his bastard son William [the Conqueror] succeeding at age 8. Roger de Tosny was opposed to this succession. Robert, archbishop of Rouen, father of Richard, count of Evreux, became the Regent for Duke William. [Duke William and Count Richard are 2nd cousins.]
1035, Roger built the castle of Conches-en-Ouche, and founded the abbey of Conches. (S) The Quest for El Cid, Fletcher, 1989, P78.
3/16/1037, Richard of Evreux’s father died.
Roger of Tosny, with his 2 sons, and Robert of Grandmesnil, ravaged the lands of Humphrey de Vieilles [father of Roger de Beaumont.]
1042, Edward the Confessor became King of England, returning from exile in Normandy to London. [Richard and Edward were 1st cousins.] (S) Edward the Confessor, Barlow, 1984.
~ 1044, Roger of Tosny died in battle with Roger de Beaumont. [Roger’s 2 eldest sons died soon afterwards.]
 [–––Richard & Godehilde–––]
1048, Girelme du Fresne, for the soul of his lord Roger de Tosny and Raoul his son and his own, gave favour to the abbey of Conches. (S) Dictionnaire Historique de Toutes Les Communes, Charpillon, V2, 1879, P229.
5/23/1059, Philip I crowned King of France.
1060, Richard, founding the Benedictine nunnery of Saint-Sauver: ‘considering that this miserable life is woth naught, and in terror and pains of hell, I have founded a house of nuns within the city of Evreux … I Richard, unworth count and sinner, … do take upon my oath the following donations to them.’ (S) Battle Conference, 1979, P66.
1/1066, Edward the Confessor, King of England died.
1066, On the founding of Saint Taurin, Richard, count of Evreux, with consent of his son William, donated a tithe of a town near the mouth of the Sein, and a tithe of mills in a town near Evreux. (S) Monatic Revival – Normandy, Potts, 1997, P68.
10/14/1066, Richard and his son William fought with William the Conqueror at the Battle of Hastings. [At this time, Richard 1 of only 4 counts in Normandy: Counts of Eu, Evreux, and Mortain, and Countess of Aumale.] (S) General Introduction to Domesday Book, V1, Ellis, 1833, P408.
12/13/1067, Richard, count of Evreux, died. (S) Yorkshire Arch. Journal, V9, 1886, P260.
Family notes:
·         Conches about 4 leagues southwest of Everux.
·         Supposedly Godeheut was the daughter of the Countess of Barcelona. (S) Medieval Romance in England, 1963, P249.
·         Charter of Godehilde: “I, Godehilde, Countess of Evreux, formerly wife of Roger de Tosny.” (S) Book of Sainte Foy, Sheingorn, 1995, P297.

Children of Roger and Godeheut:
ii. Adeliza de Tony (1272928379), born ~1025 in France.
i. Ralph de Tony (159917060), born ~1030 in France.
Children of Richard and Godeheut:
i. Agnes of Everux (756441090), born ~1045 in France.
ii. William of Everux, born ~1047 in France.

William married Helwise, d/o William of Nevers.
10/14/1066, William fought with his father and Duke William at the battle of Hastings.
1090-91, William, count of Evreux, laid siege to Conches, killing Isabel’s [wife of half-brother Ralph de Tony] brother Richard de Montfort. The dispute was settled when William, count of Evreux named Ralph’s younger son Roger as his heir. (S) Collected Historical Works of Sir Francis Palgrave, K.H., 1921, P143. [This conflict lasted 3 years.]
11/1090, William of Evreux aided Duke Robert in suppressing a rebellion in the city of Rouen.
8/1104, Henry invaded Normandy and convinced William, count of Evreux to switch allegiance.
1110, William destroyed the king’s tower at Evreux.
1112, King Henry drove William from his lands.
4/18/1118, William died. King Henry I of England seized the castle of Evreux. William’s nephew, Amaury de Montfort claimed Evreux by right of his mother [Agnes, d/o Richard, count of Evreux.]

Sunday, March 17, 2013

G29: 319832448 Clare-Clermont


319832448. Gilbert Fitz Richard de Clare & 319832449. Adelize de Clermont

~1065, Gilbert, Lord of Clare, born in Normandy, France, s/o 639664896. Richard de Clare & 639664897. Rohais Giffard.
Adelisa, d/o Hughes de Creil, comte de Clermont-en-Beauvaisis & Marguerite de Ramerupt. (S) FMG.
9/9/1087, William the Conqueror died.
9/26/1087, William Rufus crowned King of England; succeeding William the Conqueror. His elder brother Robert became Duke of Normandy.
1088, Gilbert’s father retired as a monk, Gilbert succeeding.
1088, Gilbert part of the invasion of England by Robert, duke of Normandy, against King William Rufus of England [brothers]. Gilbert held Tonbridge for Duke Robert.
4/1088, Gilbert and his brother Roger besieged at Tonbridge by King William and surrendered after 2 days. (S) Religious Patronage, Cownie, 1998, P212.
6/1088, Gilbert, having submitted to William, attended his court in the south of England.
1090, Gilbert’s father died; his older brother Roger succeeded to the Norman lands, Gilbert succeeded as lord of Clare and Tonbridge. (S) FMG.
1090, Gilbert fitz Richard chose to replace the canons of the college of St. John the Baptist at Clare with Bec monks. (S) Anselm of Bec, Vaughn, 1987, P66.
1091, Gilbert fitz Richard attested a charter of King William. (S) Regesta Willelmi Conquisitoris et Wilhelmi Rufi, 1913, P-XXIV.
1094, Gilbert fitz Richard of Clare, Hugh of Montgomery earl of Shrewsbury, and Ernulf of Hesdin allied against King William. (S) Anselm of Bec, Vaughtn, 1987, P178.
1097, Gilbert son of Richard at the founding of St. John’s abbey. (S) English Historical Review, V37, 1922, P20.
1098, Gilbert in a joint expedition attacked Anglesey in Wales. (S) Age of Conquest: Wales, Davies, 2000, P87.
1099, Ralf de la Cressimere witnessed a charter of Gilbert Fitz Richard. (S) Harleian Society, V103, 1951, P34.
Aft. 11/1099, Adelisa’s father died.
1100, Gilbert fitz Richard acquired the lands of Rainald son of Ivo, and made grants to his foundation at Clare. (S) Stoke by Clare Cartulary, Pt3, 1984, P19.
8/2/1100, Gilbert present when King William Rufus was killed while hunting. (S) History of Normandy and of England: William Rufus, Palgrave, 1864, P678.
8/5/1100, Henry I crowned King of England.
3/1101, Gilbert of Tonbridge a surety for King Henry in his treaty with the Count of Flanders. (S) Battle Conference, V11, 1988, P268.
7/20/1101, Duke Robert of Normandy, eldest brother of King Henry, invaded England. Many of the barons of England supported the Duke.
9/1101, The King grants to Bishop Herbert … ‘Nomina primatum et principum:’ Robert count of Ponthieu, Stephen count of Brittany, Robert count of Meulan, Eustace count of Boulogne, Henry earl of Warwick, Simon earl of Northampton, William earl of Warren, William count of Mortain, Count Rogert the Poitevin, Eudes the sewer, Hamon the sewer, William the butler, Richard de Redvers, Robert fitz Hamon, Alan fitz-Flaad, Gilbert Fitz-Richard, Robert Malet, Roger fitz-Richard.
8/1101, King Henry and Duke Robert ceased warfare by the Treaty of Alton.
12/25/1101 at Westminster, Gilbert fitz Richard at King Henry’s Christmas court. [King Louis VI of France was also at this court.]
1102-04 at Westminster, Notification to Robert bishop of Lincoln … The King has restored Duxford to Count Eustace … attested Henry, earl of Warwick, Gilbert fitz-Richard, …
1/1103 at Salisbury, Gilbert fitz Richard attested an agreement between William abbot of Fecamp and Philip de Braose, in the presence of King Henry and Queen Matilda.
1103, Gilbert served as a justiciar in Kent. (S) Battle Conference, V11, 1988, P270.
1107, Gilbert [de Clare] commanded a force sent against the Welsh. (S) Suffolk Green Books, V8, 1904, P158.
1109, Gilbert fitz Richard attested the confirmation of the gifts of Henry count of Eu to the church of St. Mary, Bec.
1110, Gilbert granted the lordship of Cardigan in Wales; built castles at Llanbadarn Fawr and Din Geraint. (S) History of the Early Medieval Siege, Purton, 2009, P264.
1110-15, Gilbert fitz Richard founded the priory of Cardigan in Gloucester. (S) Dependent Priories of Medieval English Monasteries, Heale, 2004, P290.
1110-4/1116 at Windsor, Writ to Richard de Monte, sheriff of Oxfordshire … attested by John bishop of Lisieux and Gilbert-Fitz-Richard.
1111, Gilbert fitz Richard gave land and the church of St. Padarn, Cardigan, to Gloucester parish. (S) Religious Patronage, Cownie, 1998, P61.
1113, Gilbert commanded the vanguard of an army invading north Wales against Griffith Gwynedd and Owen, Prince of Powys.
1113, ‘Henrico regnante Dei gratia Rege Anglorum, Rohes uxor Richardi filii Comitis Gisleberti, dedit Deo, … concessit Gislebertus filius suus, uxorque ejus Aeliz, … Testibus: Willielmo Gyffart, … Fratribusque suis, Rogero, Waltero, Roberto, Eudone Dapifero …’ (S) History and Antiquities of Eynesbury, Gorham, 1820, P-CV.
7/1114, Gilbert fitz Richard brought his column of ‘the Britons of the South and the French and Saxons from Dyfed and all the South’ on the Welsh campaign. [King Henry I led his first invasion in Wales against Gruffydd and Owain of Powys.] (S) Henry I and the Anglo Norman World, Fleming, 2007, P60.
10/8/1115 at Westminster, In the presence of Queen Matilda and William her son, Gilbert fitz Richard attested a grant to Bishop Bernard of St. Andrew the Apostle in Wales.
1116-17, Gilbert fitz Richard founded the priory of Llanbandarn-Fawr in Gloucester.
By 1117, Gilbert of Clare and Tonbridge died.
Adelisa married 2nd [as his 3rd wife] Bouchard, seigneur de Montmorency.
(S) New England Historical Register, V75, 1921, P60. (S) Conqueror’s Son, Lack, 2007, P48. (S) English Historical Review, V34, 1919. (S) Foundation for Medieval Genealogy.
Family notes:
·         Hughes de Creil, s/o §Renaud II [died aft. 1058.]
·         Bef. 1160, Hughes married Marguerite, d/o §Hilduin de Montdidier et de Ramerupt, comte de Roucy & Adelaide de Roucy.
·         Bef. 1160, ‘Rainaldus … senioris camerarius’ renounced rights relating to Villare in favour of Fécamp by undated charter, dated to before 1060, witnessed by ‘Hugo filius meus cum uxore sua et uxor mea Ermentrudis’.
·         1067, ‘Hugues fils de Renaud’ consented to the donation of ‘la moitié de la terre de Rungis’ by ‘son cousin le chambrier Galeran’ to Paris Saint-Martin-des-Champs.
·         Bef. 1092, ‘Hugo de Montiaco’ witnessed the charter by which ‘Radulphus de Basincourt et Helvidis uxor eius’ donated property ‘juxta Manusdivillam’ to Pontoise Saint Martin.
·         Bef. 11/1099, ‘Hugo Clarimontis dns’ confirmed his donations to the church of Saint-Germer-de-Flay, with the consent of ‘filiis meis Rainaldo et Guidone’.

Children of Gilbert and Adelize:
ii. Alice FitzRichard (1512946707), born ~1092 in England.
ii. Richard de Clare (159916224), born ~1094 in England.
iiii. Gilbert de Clare (378236700), born ~1096 in England.
iv. Rohese de Clare, born ? in England.


Rohese married Eudo Dapifer [the sewer]. (S) English Historical Review, V37, 1922, P16.

G29: 319832118 Lancaster-Newburg


319832118. William fitz Gilbert de Lancaster & 189128125. Gundred de Newburg

William s/o §Gilbert & Goditha, s/o Keter, s/o Ethelred, s/o Lord Ivo de Taillebois.
Gundred de Newberg, d/o 243393932. Earl Roger de Newburgh & 243393933. Gundred de Warren.
William, baron of Kendal, appointed Governor of the castle of Lancaster and took the name of Lancaster.
1130, William de Lancaster possed the lordship of Mulcaster [‘Willemus de Lancastria villam de Mulcaster’.] (S) Lancashire Pipe Rolls of 31 Henry I, Farrer, 1902, P305.
12/22/1135, Stephen crowned king of England.
1138, William castalan of William FitzDuncan’s castle of Egremont.
1140, Roger de Mowbray enfeoffed William with Lonsdale.
Aft. 6/12/1153, William married 2nd. Gundred de Newburg, d/o 243393932. Earl Roger de Newburgh & 243393933. Gundred de Warren.
12/19/1154, Henry II crowned king of England.
1/1156 at Dover, King Henry confirmed the gift of William de Lancaster, with the assent of Gundreda his wife and of William his son and heir, of the manor and church of Cockerham to St Mary de Pre, Leicester. (S) Chartulary of Cockersand Abbey, Farrer, 1898, P308.
Aft. 1156, William de Lancaster … by the advice and consent of William, my son and heir, and Gundreda my wife [the daughter], … souls of Gilbert my father, and Godith my mother, and Jordan my son, and Margaret, daughter of the Countess …  Witnesses: Gundreda, daughter of the Countess. (S) Lancashire Pipe Rolls, Farrer, 1902, P394.
9/1157 at Woodstock, A royal charter confirms and agreement between William fitz Gilbert and the monks of Furness abbey, Lancashire, over a boundary issue with Kendal. (S) Court, Household and Itinerary of King Henry II, Eyton, 1878, P30.
By 1160, ‘Willelmus de Lancastre’ donated pasture rights in ‘feodum meum in Lonisdale et in Aumundernesse’ to Leicester, St Mary de Pré, with the consent of ‘Willelmi filii mei et heredis et Gundree uxoris mee.’ (S) FMG.
~1160, The Parish church of St. Michael, Cockerham, founded by William de Lancaster. (S) History – Lancaster, Baines, 1893, P493.
1166, William de Lancaster I held only two knight's fees, of the new feoffment of Roger de Mowbray.
By 1170, William of Kendal died.
(S) Early Yorkshire Charters, Farrer, V8, P10. (S) Records – Barony of Kendale, V1, Farrer, 1923, P-XI. (S) Antiquities of Furness, West, 1774, P83.
Family notes:
·         William fitz Gilbert de Lancaster, s/o Gilbert de Furnies & Judith ?.
·         1212, in an inquest, William identifed as ‘Willelmus filius Gilberti primus.’ William had a younger brother named Gilbert.

Child of William and ?:
i. Avice de Lancaster (159916059), born ~1125 in England.
Child of William and Gundred:
i. William de Lancaster (94564062), born ~1156 in England.

Saturday, March 16, 2013

G29: 319832116 Moreville-Beauchamp


319832116. Hugh de Moreville & 319832117. Beatrice de Beauchamp

Hugh from Morville, near Valognes, Normandy.
1115, Hugh attached to the court of David, Earl of Cumberland.
1116, Hugh a witness to the “Inquisitio Davidis” relating to the see of Glasgow.
Hugh married Beatrice. (S) The Scottish house of Roger, Rogers, 1875, P9.
Aft. 1123, Charter of Thirlestane granted by Hugh de Moreville to Elsi (Aelfsige), son of Winter, in exchange for his lands of ‘Newintonia’ for the yearly payment of 3 marks, excepting the foreign service that pertains to the king.
1131, Hugh a land proprietor of Huntingdon, Northampton, and Rutland, excused from the payment of “Danegeld”. His name immediately follows that of King David in the pipe rolls.
12/22/1135, Stephen crowned king of England.
1139, A son of Hugh de Moreville, the constable, with 4 other sons of Scot leaders were sent to King Stephen as hostages associated with a peace agreement with King David.
Bef. 11/1140, Hugh appointed constable of King David and received a fief at Lauderdale.
1140-1151, Bishop Robert of St Andrews announces an agreement between the mother church of Ednam and the chapel of Longnewton, made before him and Hugh [de Moreville] the constable.
1140, Hugh, Constable of Scotland, supported King David in an [unsuccessful] attempt to impose on the church of Durham a Scotch clerk as Bishop.
11/1/1140-6/12/1152, Hugh the perambulator of a grant of King David to St. Mary’s abbey at Newbattle.
1141, Hugh de Morville granted the barony of Appleby, Westmorland during King David’s Scottish occupation of northern England. (S) Medieval Scotland, Barrow, 1998, P90.
1150-1152, Hugh and wife Beatrice founded the Premonastratensian abbey of Dryburgh on the Tweed.
11/10/1150-6/12/1152, Henry, earl of Northumbria, has granted donations of alms in Dryburgh, which Hugh de Moreville and Beatrice de Beauchamp gave to Dryburgh Abbey.
11/11/1150-1159, Robert, bishop of St Andrews, declares that he has received Dryburgh Abbey, which Hugh de Moreville has founded, in full blessing of St Andrew and himself, and has granted, at request of Hugh, all alms and donations which he and Beatrice de Beauchamp, his wife, have assigned and given.
Bef. 5/24/1153, B[eatrice] de Beauchamp notifies her lord, David, king of Scotland, his heirs, and Richard de Moreville her son and all his heirs, that she has given and granted to Dryburgh Abbey the church of Bozeat (Northants), her free dowry.
5/1153, Malcom IV succeeded as King of Scotland.
12/19/1154, Henry II crowned king of England.
1158, Hugh de Moreville and his son Hugh de Moreville both witness a charter of King Malcolm of Scotland. (S) Notes & Queries, White, 1870, P158.
1162, Hugh died as a monk at Dryburgh; his son Richard succeeded him as Constable of Scotland.
(S) Court, Household and Itinerary of King Henry II, Eyton, 1878. (S) People of Medieval Scotland.
Family notes:
·         Hugh had lands at Bozeat, Northamptonshire, and Whissendine, Rutland.

Children of Hugh and Beatrice:
i. Richard de Morville (159916058), born ~1120 in Cumberland, England.
ii. Malcom de Morville, born ? in England.

1174, Malcom was killed in a hunting accident by Adolph de St. Martin. The St. Martin family made a significant gift to a church of the Morville family to atone for the death. [Malcolm buried in Leicester abbey.]

iii. Johanna de Morville, born ? in England.

Johanna married Richard de Germin.

iv. Hugh de Morville (94564646), born ~1135, in England.
v. Ada de Moreville (243396617), born ~1140 in England.

vi. Maud de Morville (39979281), born ~1145 in Scotland.

Wednesday, March 13, 2013

G29: 319832112 Galloway-Princess Elizabeth


319832112. Prince Fergus of Galloway & 319832113. Princess Elizabeth

8/5/1100, Henry I crowned King of England.
1/8/1107, David became king of Southern Scotland. [His older brother Alexander king of the north.]
~1115, Elizabeth, born in England, youngest natural d/o 189110274. King Henry I, “Beauclerk” & 378236701. Mistress Isabel de Beaumont.
Elizabeth was raised in her mother Isabel’s family.
1124, King David succeeding Alexander, addressed “all good men of my whole kingdo – Scottish, English, Anglo-Norman, and Gallovidians”; recognizing the people of Galloway as a distinct race.
Fergus married Elizabeth. [Multiple wives and mistresses.]
1126, Fergus restored the bishopric of Candida Casa, sending Gilla Aldan to York for consecration. (S) History of Dumfries and Galloway, Maxwell, 1896, P49.
1127-28, Fergus founded Tungland, on the Dee.
1129, Fergus founded St. Mary’s priory at the Isle of Trahil. (S) Monasticon, V1, Gordon, 1868, P202.
1130, Fergus implicated in the insurrection against King David of the Earl of Moray. Fergus had to take refuge in Hollyrrod abbey.
Aft 1134, Fergus requested that Aelred of Rievalux write his ‘Life of St Ninian’ for the clergy and people of the Whithorn area of Scotland. [Fergus had re-established the See at Whithorn (Candida Casa) and was the founder of Rievaulx’s daughter house at Dundrennan.]
12/22/1135, Stephen crowned king of England.
7/7/1136, ‘Fergus de Galweia’ witnessed a charter by King David I granting Perdeyc to the church of Glasgow. [The earls of Fife and Strathearn were also in attendance.] (S) Domination and Lordship, Oram, 2011, P91.
1138, The Galwegians, under William fitz Duncan, participated in the attack on Clitheroe.
8/22/1138, Fergus and other Galloway family members were with King David I at the Battle of the Standard fought on Cutton moor. Two family members, Ulgric and Dovenald were killed.
4/9/1139 at Durham, Queen Matilda [maternally a Scot] acting for her husband King Stephen of England, for the sake of peace, surrendered all of Northumberland to King David with the exception of 2 castles, and recognized Scotland as an independent kingdom. King David had to provide hostages, one of which was Uchtred, son of Fergus.
1140, Fergus ‘rex Galwitensium’ founded the Cistercian abbey of Dundrenane. (S) History of Scotland, V1, Carruthers, 1826, P377.
1141, Fergus of Galloway began a revolt summoning all the Celtic chiefs against the intrusion of Anglo-Norman lords. (S) History of Dumfries and Galloway, Maxwell, 1896, P52.
1142, Fergus deposed.
1143, Fergus, lord of Galloway, dedicated the priory church at Corsemartin [St. Martin’s Cross.] (S) Studies in the Topography of Galloway, Maclellan, 1887, P127.
1148, Fergus founded the Premonstratensian abbey of Saulseat. (S) Encyclopaidia Britannica, V24, 1894, P595.
1153, King David, grandfather of Malcom, eldest son of his son Henry, and now his heir, sent him on a tour of Scotland. Fergus escorted Malcolm in Galloway. (S) Hereditary Sheriffs of Galloway, Agnew, 1893, P60.
5/24/1153, Malcom IV succeeded as King of Scotland
Aft. 1153, After the death of King David I, Fergus supported the rebellion of Donald Macheth.
1154, Fergus aided in the establishment of a bishopric in Galloway.
1154, Fergus suffered significant losses to his fleet of ships in the mercenary fleet of Muirchertach mac Loclainn, in his struggle with the King of Connacht for dominace of Ireland. (S) Domination and Lordship, Oram, 2011, P120.
12/19/1154, Henry II succeeded King Stephen of England.
1156, Fergus captured Donald Macheth and turned him over to King Mael Coluim.
1159, Fergus called upon Cistercian monk Aelred of Rievalux to settle a family dispute with his sons.
1160, King Mael Coluim led 3 campaigns against Fergus.
1160, Fergus, forced into retirement, became a monk in the abbey of Holyrood.[To which Fergus made multiple grants.]
5/12/1161, Fergus died.
(S) The Scots Peerage: Founded on Wood's Edition of Sir Robert Douglas's Peerage, Paul, 1907, P135. (S) People of Medieval Scotland. (S) Aelred of Rievaulx, Race, 2011.
Family notes:
·         Fergus rivaled King David in beneficence to the Church, founding 8 new monasteries. (S) Characteristics of Old Church Architecture, 1861, P7.

Children of Fergus and Elizabeth:
i. Uchtred of Galloway (159916056), born ~1133 in Scotland.
ii. Affreca of Galloway, born ? in Scotland.

~1140, Affreca married Olaf Godredsson [died 1153], King of Man [an island between Ireland and Scotland].

iii. Gilbert of Galloway, born ? in Scotland.
1185, Gilbert died.

Monday, March 11, 2013

G29: 319832070 Montgomery-laMarche


319832070. Roger Montgomery & 319832070. Alomodis of La Marche

~1055, Roger born in France, 3rd s/o 639664140. Roger de Montgomery & 639664141. Mabel Tavas de Alencon.
1071, Roger of Poitou sent to the north to suppress local revolts.
1074, Roger acquired extensive lordships in England [likely held of his father.]
~1080, Roger married Alomodis in Poitou, France.
1081, Under a ruse, Earl Roger of Montgomery took Gruffydd ap Cynan, ruler of north Wales, captive at Rhug in Edeyrnion and confined him at Chester. [Apparently escaping about a year later, going to Ireland.]
Earl Roger Montgomery of Shrewsbury, and earl Hugh, “the fat” of Chester continued the Norman conquest of Wales.
9/26/1087, William Rufus crowned King of England; succeeding William the Conqueror. The elder brother, Duke Robert, succeeded to the lands in Normandy.
10/1187, Roger, sent to Durham, brought back the Bishop to Salisbury to stand trial before King William. (S) Conqueror’s Son, Lack, 2007, P53.
1088, Roger a defender [unsuccessfully] of Rochester castle against King William, and in support of Duke Robert of Normandy. His father was a part of the siege.
1088, Roger allied himself with King William.
4/1088, King William Rufus sent Eustace III, count of Bologne; and brothers Robert of Belleme, Hugh of Montgomery, and Roger of Poitou with a force of knights and Flemings as an advanced party into southeast England, suppressing a rebellion of barons expecting the invasion of his brother Duke Robert. [Robert did not invade.] (S) William Rufus, Barlow, 1983, P75.
9/1088, Roger sent by King William to negotiate with William of St. Calais, bishop of Durham.
1090, Roger supported his brother Robert of Belleme against attack by Hugh de Grantmesnil.
1091, Roger’s brother-in-law Boso died; Robert apparently disinterested, Alomodis’ uncle became Count of Marche.
1091-92, Roger a commander under King William Rufus when he invaded Cumbria. Roger acquired a large part of north Lancanshire. Roger also acquired the honor of Eye of Suffolk. [Roger now held buffer lands between England and Scotland.]
1093, Roger’s father died, the estates and titles going to his older brothers.
1094, King William Rufus sent Roger to Normandy, with 700 knights, to Argentan castle to hold it in the war with Duke Robert Curthose. Roger surrendered the castle to King Philip I of France and became a supported of Duke Robert. [Roger’s brother Robert de Beleme was already a supporter of Duke Robert, and may have influenced Roger’s decision to surrender the castle.]
1094, Roger the Poitevin founded Lancaster as a cell of St-Martin of Sees in southern Normandy. (S) Religious Patronage in Anglo-Norman England, Cownie, 1998, P188.
1100, Domfront revolted against their overlord, Roger de Montgomery. (S) Normandy, Hargreaves, 2007, P321.
8/2/1100, Henry I crowned King of England.
8/1101, Roger and his brothers supporters of Duke Robert’s invasion of England against King Henry I.
Bef. 7/1102, Writ to Robert bishop of Coventry, … Count Roger (the Poitevin), William Peverel, Robert de Ferrers, and the lieges of Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire, notifying them of the king’s grant to the church of Lincoln of the chruches of Dervy and Wirksworth, for a prebend. (S) English Historical Review, V34, 1919, P315.
1102, Over 5 months King Henry captured Roger’s castles in Lancashire and east England, along with those of his brothers.
1102, The English lands of Roger de Montgomery were given to Payne Fitz John, the king’s Chamberlain.
By 1103, Roger and his brothers had all left England.
1104, Almodos’ uncle Odo was ousted and Roger became regent of La Marche in right of his wife.
1109, Roger, “the Poitevin”, returned to England.
Aft. 1110, Roger died.
(S) Conqueror’s Son, Lack, 2007. (S) DNB, V49, 1897, P102.

Child of Roger and Alomodis:
i. Avice de Lancaster (159916035), born ~1088 in England. 

Sunday, March 10, 2013

G29: 319399468 Redvers-Peverel

319399468. Richard de Redvers & 319399469. Adeline Peverel

1080, Richard de Redvers founded the abbey of Montbourg. (S) Report and Transactions – Devonshire, V34, 1902, P718. [Other sources say if was founded by William the Conqueror.]
~1082, Adeline born in England, d/o 319832066. William Peverel  “the Elder” & 319832067. Adeline ?.
1084, Richard de Redvers holding the manor of Mosterton, Dorset.
1086, Richard de Redvers holding the manor of Mosterton, Dorset.
9/26/1087, William Rufus crowned King of England; succeeding William the Conqueror; his older brother Duke Robert succeeding to the lands in Normandy.
1088, Duke Robert gave his brother Henry Beauclerc ‘the Cotentin’ [the peninsula with Cherbough at the tip] in exchange for part of his inheritance. [Robert needed money to fund his planned invasion of England – which failed.] The service of Richard de Redvers was included in the arrangement. (S) Robert Curthose, Aird, 2011, P107.
4/24/1089 at Vernon, ‘Ricardis de Rederis’ witnessed a charter of Duke Robert of Normandy to Bayeux cathedral. (S) Robert Curthose, Aird, 2011, P124.
1091, Richard de Redvers, Roger de Mandeville, and Hugh d’Avranches in the Cotentin, Normandy, supporting Henry Beauclerc [future Henry I of England] against his brothers. (S) Brus Family, Blakely, 2005, P12. [Henry’s brothers King William and Duke Robert, now allied, besieged Henry at the island abbey of Mont-Saint-Michel on the Cotentin.]
1092, Richard received the fief of Nehou on the death of Nigel ?.
1092, Richard supported Henry Beauclerc in his capture of a large part of the Cotentin peninsula. (S) Feudal Empires, Patourel, 1984, P28. [From Domfront, Henry began “unjustly taking foot-tolls from Quetthou and all of the Cotentin”, and using forced labor to fortify Domfront with new walls.]
Richard married Adeliza, receiving the manor of Wolleigh, parish Chaddelsworth, Berkshire. (S) Historical Memoirs of the House of Vernon, Stapleton, 1856, P100.
8/2/1100, Henry I crowned King of England. [Most of the Norman barons were not at the coronation. Henry had quickly rode from New Forest where his brother King William was killed in a hunting accident only 3 days before.]
1100-07, Richard de Redvers enfeoffed Matilda Peverel [wife of Robert fitz Martin] with the manor of Ermington. (S) Plympton Priory, Fizzard, 2008, P89.
7/20/1101, Back from crusading, King Henry’s elder brother Duke Robert Curthose invaded England, landing at Portsmouth, claiming his right to the throne. Richard de Reviers is noted by William of Malmsbury as one of the few nobles who supported King Henry. [Others included Robert fitz Hamon, Roger Bigod, and Robert de Beaumont and his brother Henry de Newburgh.]
12/25/1101, At King Henry’s Christmas court, Richard de Redvers witnesses a royal charter to Colchester. (S) Numismatic Chronicle, 1901, P187.
1102, King Henry granted the Isle of Wight and the mainland opposite to Richard. (S) The Antiquary, V15, 1887, P114.
1102-1104, Richard witnessed multiple charter of King Henry.
1105-06, Richard de Redvers built the castle of Tiverton, Devonshire. (S) Encyclopaedia Britannica, V26, 1911, P1033.
1105-07 at Caen, Richard de Redvers attested a royal mandate to Hugh de Bocheland. (S) English Historical Review, V34, 1919, P331.
1107, Richard de Lestre of Mortain witnessed a grant of Richard Riviers. (S) Haskins Society Journal, North, 2012, P133.
8/1107, Eustace III, count of Boulogne, attested Richard de Redvers gift to Montebourg abbey. (S) Families, Friends, and Allies:, Tanner, 2004, P146. [The final witnesses were Baldwin fitz-Richard de Redvers and William his brother.]
9/8/1107, Richard de Ripariis, of Reviers in Normandy, died; buried at abbey de Montebourg. (S) FMG. [Adeliz de Reviers donated property to ‘abbatie sancte Marie Monteburgi’, for the soul of ‘domini mei Ricardi de Reviers’. (S) FMG.]
‘Adeliz de Redveris’ donated property to the abbey of Loders, Dorset, for the souls of ‘patris mei … Willelmi Pevrel de Notingeham … et matris mee Adeline’, with the consent of ‘filiorum Baldewini et Willelmi de Vernone et Roberti de --- … et nepotum meorum Ricardi de Reveris, Henrici atque Willelmi’, by undated charter. (S) FMG.
1130, Adeliza, widow of Richard de Redvers, grants a charter to the church of Salisbury.
12/22/1135, Stephen crowned king of England.
Adeliz de Redveriis donated property to “abbatie sancte Marie Monteburgi”, for the souls of “patris mei Willelmi Pevrel et matris mee Adeline”, with the consent of “filiorum meorum Baldewini et Willelmi de Vernone et Roberti de sancte Marie ecclesia et fratris mei Willelmi Pevrel de Notingeham et nepotum meorum Ricardi de Redveriis Henrici atque Willelmi”.
1142-55, Adeliza de Reviers wrote to Goscelin Bishop of Salisbury, notifying him of her donation to the abbey of Sainte-Marie, Montebourg of property which her father William Peverel of Nottingham gave with her to Richard de Reviers. (S) FMG. ‘… Goscelino, Dei gratia Salisberiensi episcopo, Adeliz de Reviers, salutem et servicium. … Quod manerium pater meus W. Peverel de Notingeham didit mecum Richardo de Revers, et quod habui in proprio dominio post mortem ejus …’ (S) Historical Memoirs of the House of Vernon, Stapleton, 1856, P101.
Aft. 5/27/1156, Adelise died. (S) FMG.
(S) DNB, V47, Lee, 1896, P385.
Family notes:
·         Rivieres family descended from Osmund de Centumville [Cotenville], vicomte de Vernon. ‘Rievers’ in the Vexin, northwest of Caen.
·         1060, Richard de Reviers, with his brothers William and Baldwin named in the charter of St. Pere de Chartres.
·         1066, Brothers Baldwin fitz Gilbert of Exeter [died 1090], and Richard de Redvers named by Oderic. [Gilbert being a grandson of Richard I, duke of Normandy.] Baldwin was succeeded by his son Robert to the Norman estates; but succeeded by his younger brother Richard de Redvers in Exeter.
·         Richard witnessed more than 20 of King Henry’s documents.
·         Richard received the Isle of Wight from King Henry, which was held in 1106 by Baldwin de Redvers.
·         Richard de Redvers & Adeline Peverel had children: Baldwin [the eldest], William de Vernon [the elder], Robert de Sancte Marie Ecclesiae, and Hadwisia, wife of William de Roumara, earl of Lincoln.
Children of Richard and Adeline:
i. Baldwin de Redvers (159699734), born ~1100 in Normandy.
ii. William de Vernon, born bef. 1107 in Normandy.
William married Lucy, d/o William de Tancarville & Mathilde d’Arques.
1130, William recorded in Dorset and Wiltshire.
1142-55, Baldwin, earl of Exeter, donated property to the abbey of Sainte-Marie, Montebourg with the consent of his sons Richard, Henry and his brothers William de Vernone and Robert de Sancte Marie Ecclesia. (S) FMG.
1147, Willelmus de Vernone witnessed the charter under which ‘Henricus ducis Normannorum et comitis Andegavorum filius’ confirmed the rights of the abbey of Saint-Oue. (S) FMG.
1150-51, Willelmus de Vernone witnessed the charter under which ‘H. dux Normannorum’ granted privileges to the citizens of Rouen. (S) FMG.
1151-57, Charter of William de Vernon notifying that Richard Avenel has given the above church, etc., and that William Avenel and Richard his son have allowed the gift. As chief lord of the fee, he confirms it. (S) Cal. of Doc.’s Preserved in France, Round, 1899.
9/1151-1/1153, Willelmo de Vernone witnessed the charter under which ‘Henricus dux Norm et comes Andeg’ confirmed the foundation of the abbey of Fontenay. (S) FMG.
3/1157, at Caesaris-burgum, Normandy, William de Vernon witnessed a royal charter to the Abbey of St. Sauveur.
4/1157, at Barbefleu, Normandy, William de Vernon, Justice of Normandy, witnessed a royal writ in favour of the Abbey of Montebourg.
ii. Robert de Sancte Marie Ecclesia, born ? in Normandy.
1155-57, Adeliz de Redveriis donated property to “abbatie sancte Marie Monteburgi”, for the souls of “patris mei Willelmi Pevrel et matris mee Adeline”, with the consent of “filiorum meorum Baldewini et Willelmi de Vernone et Roberti de sancte Marie ecclesia et fratris mei Willelmi Pevrel de Notingeham et nepotum meorum Ricardi de Redveriis Henrici atque Willelmi”.

Saturday, March 9, 2013

G29: Ferrers-Roberts


319832064. Henry de Ferrers & 319832065. Berta Roberts

Henry’s father was Walcheline, a Norman. [The surname comes from a small town in Gastenois in an area of iron mines.]
By 10/14/1066, Henry de Ferrers with William the Conquerer at the battle of Hastings. [Henry’s older brother William died at the battle.
10/25/1066, in London at Westminster, William crowned King of England.

1066, Henry created earl of Derby. (S) Political Index … Great Britain, V1, Beatson, 1788, P11.
1067, Henry castellan of Stafford granted lands in Berkshire and Wiltshire.
Henry settled at Tutbury castle.
1070, Henry given the wapentake of Appletree, Derbyshire.
1070, Henry built the castle of Burton. (S) Gentleman’s Mag., V134, 1823, P24.
1071, After the barons revolt against King William, Henry given the lands formerly of Siward Barn.
1076, Henry de Ferrers gave the church of Norbury to the monks of the priory of Tutbury. (S) The Denstonian, 1880, P58.
12/29/1076, Henry de Ferrers witnessed a royal grant of previleges. (S) Regesta Willelmi Conquistoris, Davis, 1913, P23.
1080-1, Henry and Berta gave the rectories of Broughton and Doveridge to the priory of Tutbury. (S) Dic. of the Church of England, Cutts, 1889, P371.
1085, Henry appointed a commission of the general survey of the kingdom. [Henry served with Remigius, bishop of Lincoln; Walter Giffard, earl of Buckingham; and Adam, brother of Eudo, the king’s steward.] (S) History of Normandy, Palgrave, 1864, P573.
1086, Henry the legatus on the West Midland Domesday survey. [Henry’s lordships besides the castle of Tutbury: Berks–20, Bucks–2, Derby–114, Essex–5, Gloucester–1, Hampshire–3, Hereford–2, Leicester–35, Lincoln–2, Northampton, Nottingham–3, Oxfordshire–7, Stafford–7, Warwick–6, Wilks–3.]
9/26/1087, William Rufus crowned King of England; succeeding William the Conqueror.
By 1088, Henry died.
(S) Domesday Studies, Eyton, 1881, P50. (S) The Conqueror and His Companions, Planche, 1874, P66.

Child of Henry and Betha:
i. Robert de Ferrers (159916032), born ~1075 in England. 

G29: 319398656 Lovel-Huntingdon


319398656. Ralph Lovel & 319398657. Margaret of Huntingdon

~1115, Ralph Lupellus born in England, s/o 638797312. Earl William of Yvery & 638797313. Auberic de Meulan.
~1115, Margaret born in Scotland, d/o 638797314. Edgar Atheling.
Margaret heiress to lands in Roxburghshire, Scotland.
12/22/1135, Stephen crowned king of England; ursuping King Henry I’s daughter Empress Matilda; and starting a civil war.
1136, Robert of Brampton forfeited castle Cary when he went into exile. King Stephen granted castle Cary to Ralph Lovel. (S) From Alfred the Great to King Stephen, Davis, 1991, P175.
4/3/1138, Ralph Lovel held the castle at Cary, Somerset against King Stephen. (S) History of the English People, Huntingdon, 2002, P70. [Somerset was dominated by Empress Matilda’s half-brother Robert of Gloucester.]
9/1139, King Henry’s daughter Empress Matilda invaded England with forces led by her half brother Robert, Earl of Gloucester, and took control of western England. Geoffey Talbot, William Mohun, Ralph Lovel and other barons declared for her cause. (S) History of Englnd, V1, Keightley, 1839, P124.
2/2/1141 at Lincoln, King Stephen was captured by her half-brother Robert and brought to Empress Matilda.
3/3/1141, at Winchester, Ralph Lovel a witness to a charter of Empress Matilda. (S) King Stephen, King, 2010, P156.
4/7/1141 at Winchester, Empress Matilda acknowledged as “Lady of England and Normandy” by Bishop Henry.
9/14/1141, Empress Matilda’s forces defeated at the battle of Winchester.
11/1/1141, Empress Matilda exchanged King Stephen for her captured half-brother Robert.
12/25/1141, Stephen again crowned King. [The civil war would continue for 12 more years.]
1152, Ralph Lupellus defended castle Cary against King Stephen. (S) Collins’ Peerage.
12/19/1154, Henry II succeeded King Stephen of England.
1155, Ralph’s father died; Ralph succeeding to the English lands, his brother Waleran to the Norman lands.
1159, Ralph died; son Henry succeeding.
Margaret marred 2nd Thomas de Londres.
By 1164, Margaret died.
 (S) TNEH&GR, 1957, P266.

Family notes:

·         Huntingdon Priory chronicle: Extracts provided for King Edward I in 1291, state that Edward, son of Edmund Ironside, was the father of Margaret queen of Scots and Edgar, and that Edgar was the father of Margaret, of whom was born Henry called Lupellus.

Child of Ralph and Margaret:
i. Henry Lovel (159699328), born ~1140 in England.

Friday, March 8, 2013

G29: Gael-Waer


318232094. Ralph de Gael de Montfort &  318232095. Avice Waer

~1076, Ralph born in Normandy, s/o 636464188. Ralph de Gael & 636464189. Emma of Hereford.
9/26/1087, William Rufus crowned King of England; succeeding William the Conqueror. Duke Robert Curthose [the elder brother of the two] succeeded in Normandy.
11/27/1095, at Clermont, Pope Urban proposed the 1st crusade; with a new doctrine that the blood they shed would not be held against them.
9/1096, Ralph de Gael, with his father and mother, attended Duke Robert Curthose of Normandy as they set out on crusade. They traveled south to Lucca, then Rome, then the south coast of Italy to the port of Bari. Not having access to ships, they wintered at Calabria.[Ralph’s parents died on crusade; his older brother William succeeding.]
4/1097, The crusaders sailed from Brindisi to Durazzo; then overland by the Via Egnatia road to Constantinople.
6/1097, The crusaders reached Nicea, joining a siege in process, while be harrassed by mounted archers of Kilij Arslan [who’s wife was in the city].
6/30/1097, Half the forces a day ahead of the other half encamped in a valley near Dorylaeum in Aisa Minor. The next morning they were attacked by archers of Kilij Arslan. Forming a defensive perimeter, they held off the attack until the Moslems were supprised by the arrival of the 2nd half of the force and had to flee, leaving behind horses and camels, as well as treasure. They then moved south.
8/1097, The crusaders reached Iconium in Asia Minor, closely populated by Armenian Christians.
8/1097, Traveling east, the crusaders engaged Seljuks at Heraclea, easily winning the city. The crusaders then divided their forces again, one part taking the Roman road that went shortest distance, but required difficult mountainous conditions; the other taking a longer, safer route, that could encounter early snowfalls.
1097, Leaving Caesarea, they traveled through the mountains capturing small towns including Coxon. Clearing the Taurus mountains, they arrived at Antioch [which Stephen said of it: “a very great city, stronger than one can imagine, and utterly impregnable.”]
10/1097 at Antioch, the crusaders 1st captured the Iron Bridge to seal access from the east.
12/1097-2/1098, Cold and rain prevented much activity.
6/2/1098, Count Stephen of Blois and his contingent of crusaders returned home.
6/3/1098, The crusaders breached the wall of Antioch and captured the city; but were themselves immediately put to siege by another Muslim army led by Kerbogha.
6/1098, The crusaders lauched a premptive strike against Kerbogha, but were repelled. Soon after several other counts fled the city with there forces.
6/28/1098, The crusaders openly attacked the Muslim forces and captured the Citadel.
7/14/1098, A Genoese fleet arrived with much needed supplies. [Although soon after an epidemic killed many crusaders.]
1/13/1099, A much smaller band of crusaders marched towards Jerusalem led by Duke Robert Curthose, Count Raymond of Toulouse, and Tancred. [Count Raymond then split off and attacked Akkar.]
2/1099, Duke Robert with Robert of Flanders and Godfrey of Bouillon attacked Tripoli.
6/7/1099, By way of Beirut, Acre, Tyre, Haifa, Caesarea, Arsuf, Ramla, and Jaffa, they came within sight of Jerusalem.
6/13/1099, An unsuccessful attack was made on the city.
7/10/1099, The crusaders had 3 siege engines in place. Duke Robert intially used a battering ram to breech the wall, then brought up the siege tower of soldiers who entered the city and opened the gates.
8/10/1099, The crusaders defeated and approaching Egyptian army.
8/1099, Duke Robert and his crusaders left the Holy Land to return to Normandy.
Ralph succeeded his brother William as earl of Norfolk, and Seigneur de Gael et de Montfort, Brittany.
8/5/1100, King Henry I succeeded William Rufus and King of England.
1103, Raoul de Gael heir to his uncle William de Breteuil.
8/3/1108, Louis VI crowned King of France.
1119, King Louis, supported by Amaury de Montfort, invaded Normandy. Louis 1st burnt Ivry, then approached Bretueil, held by Ralph de Gael, who offered stiff resistance. At the height of the battle, 200 knights of King Henry arrived ahead of his main army. The French forces retreated. (S) Henry I, Green, 2006, P153.
8/20/1119, Ralph at the battle of Bremule, France between King Henry I and King Louis VI of France. [The English winning: Orderic Vitalis … Henry, king of England, came down into it with 500 knights … William Clito, son of Robert duke of Normandy, armed himself there … in the battle of the 2 kings, in which about 900 knights were engaged, only 3 were killed …] (S) Dictionary of Battles, Eggenberger, 1967, P61. [Norman commander Ralph de Gael ‘brought down many distinguished champions that day.’ (S) War and Chivalry, Strickland, 1996, P103.]
1119-20, Ralph de Gael continued to hold the castle of Breteuil. With the help of King Henry, a local settlement involved Ralph de Tony getting Pont-Saint-Pierre, Eustace de Breteuil allowed to keep Pacy, and the daughter of Ralph de Gael was betrothed to King Henry’s son Richard. (S) Henry I, Green, 2006, P154.
1119-20, Ralph resigned his claims to his daughter.
Bef. 11/25/1120, Ralph de Gael de Montfort, Earl of Norfolk, died.

Child of Ralph and Avice:
i. Amice de Gael (159116047), born ~1005 in England.

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