Thursday, March 28, 2013

G29: 377996496 Lusignan-Racon

377996496. Hugh VIII de Lusignan & 377996497. Burgundia de Racon.

Hugh born in Poiitou, son of §Hugh de Lusignan.
Burgundia born in France, d/o §Geoffrey de Racon.
8/1/1137, Louis VII succeeded as king of France.
Hugh VIII “le Brun”, lord of Lusignan, married Burgundia [receiving Vouvant as part of her portion.]
1148, Hugh’s father died on crusade.
1151, Hugh succeeded as seigneur de Lusignan, Couhe and Chateau-Larcher.
1154, Hugh became a vassal to the Henry II, King of England. (S) Kingdom of Cyprus, Edbury, 1993, P23.
1163, Hugh joined the crusades and left for Palestine from Poitou.
8/1164, Hugh captured at the battle of Harim, on the plain of Artah, in the service of Bohemond III, prince of Antioch. (S) History of the Crusades, Setton, 2006, P524. [Bohemond III, Raymond III of Tripoli, and Joscelin III of Edessa were also captured.]
1164, Hugh died in the Holy Land; his son Hugh succeeding.
Bef. 1169, Hugh le Brun, lord of Lusignan, frees the monks [of the abbey of Becheron] from paying tolls in his lands; witnessed by his brother Geoffrey and his mother Lady Burgundia, and [uncles] Simon Brunus, Rorgo, and Galeran.
3/15/1169, Hugh, the son and heir, died.              
3/16/1169, Geoffrey’s mother Burgundia consented to a grant by Geoffrey to the abbey of Absie for the soul of his brother Hugh [the day after Hugh’s death.]
4/11/1169, Burgundia died.
(S) The Houses of Lusignan and Chatellerault, Medieval Academy of America, Painter, 1955.
Family notes:
·         1102, Guy of Lusignan [grandfather of Hugh] fought at the battle of Ramla. (S) Kingdom of Cyprus, Edbury, 1993, P23.
·         Hugh VIII had brothers Geoffrey, Simon, Brunus, Rorgo, and Galeran.

Children of Hugh and Burgundia:
i. Hugh de Lusignan (188998248), born ~1140 in Lusignan, France.
ii. Geoffrey de Lusignan, born ? in Lusignan, France.

Geoffrey, lord of Vouvant, married Humberga, d/o Ademar IV, viscount of Limoges.
1170-1188, Geoffrey led revolts against King Henry II of England [and Duke of Aquitaine].
1188, Geoffrey went on crusade where he distinguished himself.
Geoffrey, lord of Vouvant, married 2nd Eustachia,lady of Moncontour.
1219, Geoffrey “lo Prodome” died.
Children: Hugh, died by 1224. Geoffrey [died by 1248], lord of Vouvant, viscount of Chatellerault; married Clemence [died 1238]. Ameri [died by 1242], lord of Soubise [Lords of Parthenay.]

iii. Guy de Lusignan, born ? in Lusignan, France.

Guy married Sibylle, Queen of Jerusalem, widow of William de Montferrat, d/o King Amauri I of Jerusalem.
1186–90, Guy, King of Jerusalem.
1190, Sibylle died.
4/1192, Guy, lord of Cyprus, bought from Richard I, as compensation for giving up Jerusalem to Conrad de Montferrat.
1194, Guy died.

iv. Amauri de Lusignan, born ? in Lusignan, France.

Amauri married Eschive d’Ibelin. [Descendants ruled Cyprus until 15th century.]
1186–90, Amauri, Constable of Jerusalem under his brother Guy.
1194-96, Amauri, lord of Cyprus.
1196-1205, Amauri, King of Cyprus by grant of Emperor Henry VI.
1197, Amauri married 2nd Isabelle, Queen of Jerusalem, widow of Henry of Champagne.
1197-1205, Amauri, King of Jerusalem.
Children: Hugh, King of Cyprus.

Wednesday, March 27, 2013

G29: 325107712 Malet

325107712. Robert Malet

~1082, Robert born in Curry Mallet, Somerset, England, s/o 650215424. Gilbert Malet.
Aft. 1086, Robert’s father died.
8/5/1100, Henry I crowned King of England. [Robert’s uncle and namesake attended the coronation.]
9/28/1106, Robert’s uncle of the same name died at the battle of Tinchebrae, France. [His heir was his son William, who was deprived of his lands in 1110.]
Bet. 1110–1135, Robert held 10 knights’ fees of Abbey of Glastonbury. [Robert Malet in possession of a large part of the property of Roger de Corcelle, who died during the reign of William Rufus. No record or tradition existing of the mode in which these possessions came to the Malets.]
1129-30, Robert Malet named with reference to Warminster, Wilts.
12/26/1135, In a coup, Stephen became King of England; ursuping Empress Matilda, d/o King Henry I, and starting a civil war.
4/1136 at Winchester, Robert Malet attended the Easter court of King Stephen, where he issued his Charter of Liberties. (S) King Stephen, King, 2010, P60.
1136, Robert Malet steward of the King’s household.
1136-38, Notification by King Stephen that he has confirmed to the church of Eye all the holdings of Benedict the chaplain in Stoke Ash, … [Benedict the chaplain of Robert Malet who held the churches of Stoke Ash and Throndon.] (S) Eye Priory Cartulary, Brown, 1992, P29.
1137, Robert Malet with King Stephen in Normandy.
By 6/1139, Robert Malet removed as a steward to the King. (S) Anarchy of King Stephen’s Reign, King, 1994, P119.
1140, Robert held Curry Malet.
By 1141, Robert switched allegiance to Empress Matilda.
1141, Robert was a witness to the charter granted by Maud the Empress to Geoffrey de Magnaville when she created him Earl of Essex.
1150, Robert holding land in Cambridgeshire.
1150, Robert “petitions the Pope on behalf of himself and the inhabitants that a cemetery may be added to the Church, for that the corpses were lost and frequently those also who carried them in going to Glastonbury, the place of burial, in bogs and quagmires.” (S) Notes on the History of Shepton Malet, Farbrother, P220. He stated “there was not long ago in the chest of Shepton Mallet Church a letter from Robert Malet written in about 1150 …”.
1150-1153, Robert died in Curry Mallet.
(S) Notices of an English Branch of the Malet Family, Arthur Malet, 1885, PP72-3, App. GG, HH2. (S) The Origins of the Malets of Enmore, by G.E.G. Malet, The Genealogist, Vol. VIII, 1938-39. (S) Battle Conference, 1996, P164.

Children of Robert and ?:
i. William Malet (270188568), born ~1110 in Curry Mallet, Somerset, England.
ii. Baldwin Malet (325107712), born ~1112 in Curry Mallet, Somerset, England.

Tuesday, March 26, 2013

G29: 319838530 Blois-Normandy

319838530. Count Stephen-Henri of Blois & 756441989. Adela of Normandy

1045, “Etienne-Henri” born in Blois, France, s/o 639677060. Count Thibaut III of Blois & Champagne & 639677061. Garsinde du Maine.
1049, Stephen’s father repudiated his mother; who was sent to northern Italy where she remarried to Marquis Azzo . (S) Battle Conference, 1993, P106.
5/23/1059, Philip I crowned King of France.
1064, Geoffrey of Chamont witnessed 3 gifts confirmed by Stephen-Henry. (S) Battle Conference, 1993, P107.
10/25/1066, William I [the Conqueror] crowned King of England.
~1067, Adela, born in France, d/o 378220548. William the Conqueror & 378220549. Matilda of Flanders.
1068 Fulk of Anjou bought off Stephen of Blois’ agression by giving homage for Touraine. (S) England Under the Angevin Kings, 1887, P221.
Bef. 1074, Adela betrothed to Simon Crispin, Count of Amiens.
1075, Stephen of Blois and Chartres demanded to be married to Adela [which was refused.]
1077, Simon refused to marry Adela and became a monk.
1/11/1078, A charter to Cluny subscribed by: ‘… Tetbaldi comitis, Stephani comitis, Adeladis comitisse.’
Bef. 1080, Geoffrey of Chamont was again allied with Thibaud III and his son Stephen-Henry in support of King William of England. (S) Battle Conference, 1993, P112.
1080, Stephen of Blois and Chartres again demanded to be married to Adela; which was accepted. Adela was married [by proxy] at Breteuil.
1081-84, Stephen of Blois killed notorious Count Bouchard of Corbeil with a blow from his lance. (S) Victory in the East, France, 1994, P50.
~1083, In Chartres, Stephen publically married Adela.
11/2/1083, Adela’s mother died.
[–––Stephen & Adela–––]
By 1085, Stephen marrried to Adela at Chartres.
9/26/1087, Adela’s brother William Rufus crowned King of England. Her brother Robert, Duke of Normandy.
1089, Stephen’s father died leaving him as heir of Blois and Champagne [his half-brothers Odo, and then Hugh, receiving Epernay, Bar-sur-Aube and Vitry.] At the time Stephen’s father described him as generous, sober, steady and mature.
1092, Adela swore for herself and her husband to defend Ivo of Chartres who had been captured by Hugh le Puiset.
1093, Stephen’s older brother Eudo [Odo] died; Stephen his heir. (S) The Normans, Crouch, 2006, P239.
Bef. 10/1093, Ivo sent a letter to Adela counseling against the use of force against Hugh le Puiset. [Ivo was released 10/1093 when the people of Chartres paid his ransom.]
10/28/1095, Stephen and Adela with members of the family, and Constance, d/o King Philip, attended the religious festival of the removal of St. Helena’s honoured remains to a place which had been prepared for them in the neighborhood of Hautvilliers. (S) Lives of the Queens of England, Hall, 1854, P152.
11/27/1095, at Clermont, Pope Urban proposed the 1st crusade; with a new doctrine that the blood they shed would not be held against them.
1096, Charter of Stephen-Henry: Pater meus … comiti Gaufredo Martello, … est abbatiam Majoris Monasterii, … (S) Battle Conference, 1993, P104.
1096, Stephen of Blois took the cross of a crusader.
9/1096, Stephen a co-commander with Duke Robert Curthose of Normandy as they set out on crusade. They traveled south to Lucca, then Rome, then the south coast of Italy to the port of Bari. Not having access to ships, they wintered at Calabria.
1096-97, While Stephen was on crusade, Adela sought episcopal approval for the creation of a parish church at Francheville.
1097, Adela sent 100 soldiers to Prince Louis of France to help suppress a Norman revolt.
1097, Adela hosted Anselm, abbot of Bec and archbishop of Cantebury, traveling from England to Rome, who was in conflict with her brother King William II of England.
4/1097, The crusaders sailed from Brindisi to Durazzo; then overland by the Via Egnatia road to Constantinople.
5/1097 from Constantinople Stephen wrote: “My Countess … By the grace of God … the city of Constantinople. The Emperor received me with dignity, … In this whole army of God there is no duke, no count nor any other person of consequence, whom he trusts and befriends above me. … your father my beloved gave me many great gifts, but this generosity was as nothing compared to this.”
6/1097, The crusaders reached Nicea, joining a siege in process, while be harrassed by mounted archers of Kilij Arslan [who’s wife was in the city].
6/1097, Stephen sent a letter home: “Count Stephen to countess Adela, his sweetest friend, his wife … I tell you, my beloved, that from Nicaea, which I have spoken so much about, we shall reach Jerusalem in five weeks, unless Antioch prevents us.”
6/30/1097, Stephen and his contingent traveling with half the forces a day ahead of the other half encamped in a valley near Dorylaeum in Aisa Minor. The next morning they were attacked by archers of Kilij Arslan. Forming a defensive perimeter, they held off the attack until the Moslems were supprised by the arrival of the 2nd half of the force and had to flee, leaving behind horses and camels, as well as treasure. They then moved south.
8/1097, The crusaders reached Iconium in Asia Minor, closely populated by Armenian Christians.
8/1097, Traveling east, the crusaders engaged Seljuks at Heraclea, easily winning the city. The crusaders then divided their forces again, one part taking the Roman road that went shortest distance, but required difficult mountainous conditions; the other taking a longer, safer route, that could encounter early snowfalls. Stephen was with the main body of forces on the longer route to Caesarea-in-Cappadocia.
1097, Leaving Caesarea, they traveled through the mountains capturing small towns including Coxon. Clearing the Taurus mountains, they arrived at Antioch [which Stephen said of it: “a very great city, stronger than one can imagine, and utterly impregnable.”]
10/1097 at Antioch, the crusaders 1st captured the Iron Bridge to seal access from the east.
1096-97, While Stephen was on crusade, Adela sought the support of Ivo of Chartres to get the nuns at Faremoutiers to reform themselves.
12/1097-2/1098, Cold and rain prevented much activity. Stephen wrote: “We have suffered … throughout the whole of winter, from excessive cold and great deluges.” During this time Stephen was titled ‘leader, planner and manager’ of the army, and put in charge of the treasury. [A chronicler noted that by February, as many had died of sickness as had died in battle.]
4/1098, letter of Stephen: “Count Stephen to Adele, his sweetest and most amiable wife, to his dear children, and to all his vassals of all ranks, his greeting and blessing. … the messenger whom I sent to give you pleasure, left me before Antioch safe and unharmed, … our princes, with the common consent of the whole army, against my own wishes, have made me up to the present time the leader, chief and director of their whole expedition. … after the capture of the city of Nicaea we fought a great battle with the perfidious Turks and by God's aid conquered them. Next we conquered for the Lord all Romania and afterwards Cappadocia. And we learned that there was a certain Turkish prince Assam, dwelling in Cappadocia; thither we directed our course. All his castles we conquered by force and compelled him to flee to a certain very strong castle situated on a high rock. … city of Antioch, we besieged it and very often …, we fought with the fiercest courage, … these seven battles by the aid of the Lord God, we conquered and most assuredly killed an innumerable host of them. In those battles, indeed, and in very many attacks made upon the city, many of our brethren and followers were killed and their souls were borne to the joys of paradise. … 12,000 picked Turkish horsemen suddenly came to aid the inhabitants of Antioch. … we attacked them at three leagues' distance with 700 soldiers, on a certain plain near the "Iron Bridge." God, however, fought for us, His faithful, against them. For on that day, fighting in the strength that God gives, we conquered them and killed an innumerable multitude, … The emperor of Babylon also sent Saracen messengers to our army with letters, and through these he established peace and concord with us. … during Lent [a battle on the bridge] the number of Turks and Saracens killed is reckoned at 1,230, but of ours we did not lose a single man.”
6/2/1098, Stephen took his Blois contingent and returned to the coast, and then Alexandretta; from which he returned home. [A letter to his wife implies he may have been ill. Antioch fell the next day; but the were then put under siege by another Muslim army.]
1098, Adela became seriously ill, and attributed her recovery to the intercession of St. Agiles.
1099, Stephen returned home from the crusade, somewhat disgraced for leaving the siege of Antioch.
8/5/1100, Adela’s brother Henry I crowned King of England.
1100-01, Charte de Comte Hugues: “… These witnesses are: … Adela, countess and daughter of the king of the English, and her three sons, William, Thibaut, and Stephen …”
6/1101, At Adela’s urging, Stephen on the minor crusade with William, count of Poitou, departed from Nicomedia. (S) 1st Crusade, Riley-Smith, 2009, P162.
1101, Ivo, humble minister of the church of Chartres, to Adela, excellent countess, greetings and the gift of prayers. … [letter addressed church rights].
5/19/1102, Stephen, Count of Blois and Chartres, killed on crusade at the battle of Ramla.
1102, Adela regent for her sons [and  her childless brother-in-law Hugh, Count of Troyes, while he was on crusade]. Adela’s regencey covered over 350 castles and large properties throughout France including Chartres.
1103, Adela, hosting Anselm, archbishop of Canterbury at her home, met with the Pope who was visiting Chartres.
1103, Ivo of Chartres wrote a letter to Adela about things being said about him not being true.
1104, Hildebert of Lavardin sent a letter to Adela requesting safe conduct.
Bef. 5/1105, Adela, feigning an illness, asked Anselm, archbishop of Canterbury, on his way to England to excommunicate her brother King Henry, to take a detour to visit her. [This gave King Henry time to prepare a response to the papal order.]
5/24/1105, Anselm wrote to the Pope praising Adela’s mediation in the dispute between her brother King Henry and himself.
1105, Adela restored to the canons of Bourgmoyen, Blois, their liberties and petitioned Ivo of Chartres for his confirmation.
4/1106 at Chartres, Adela of Blois, countess of Blois-Champagne, hosted the wedding of Constance Capet, sister of Louis VI [‘rex designatus’] and Bohemond I of Antioch. Constance’s father King Philip I attended. (S) Early Gothic Column-Figure Sculpture in France, Snyder, P167.
4/1107, Ivo, humble minister by the grace of God of the church of Chartres, to Adela, excellent countess, to know good and do it. We heard that you have by your order forbidden travel, bread, water, and all the necessities of this life which are in your power to our sons, canons of St. Mary [Notre Dame].  … [The Pope, again at Chartres, settled the dispute between Adela and Ivo.]
1107, Adela granted to Sainte-Poi, Coulommiers, 7 hospites formerly belonging to William Normandus, magister of one of her sons. (S) Medieval Mothering, Parsons, 1999, P318.
Aft. 1107, Baudri, archbishop of Dol, wrote his longest and best-known poem, dedicated to Adela. In it he described her bedchamber as having walls covered by tapestries of Biblical scenes as well as the battle of Hastings; adorned with statues representing Philosophy, the Seven Liberal Arts, and Medicine. The sky and constellations were depicted on the ceiling, and a map of the world on the floor.
1108, Hugh le Puiset attacked Adela’s lands. Adela and her son Theobald traveled to Paris to seek support of King Philip. [Hugh was defeated by their joint forces.]
8/3/1108, Louis VI crowned King of France.
1109, Letter from Adela to the monks of Bonneval: “It is known to all with no need of persuasion that in order to safeguard peace the truth of things done should be committed to writing. I, countess Adela, wife of count Stephen …”
1109, Adela resigned her regency in favor of her son Theobald.
1110, Hugh de Fleury wrote a letter to Adela giving details of her ancestry back to Charlemagne. He also sent her his ‘Historia ecclesiastica’, which he wrote for her stating ‘members of the female sex should not be deprived of knowledge of deep things.’ (S) To the Glory of Her Sex, Ferrante, 1997, P97.
9/14/1110, King Louis took the abbey of Bonneval under his special protection and confirmed the charter in which Adela of Blois had relinquished certain rights over the abbey. (S) Social Origins of Medieval Institutions, O’Callaghan, 1998, P275. [Adela’s sons Theobald and Stephen had both consented to the grant.]
1111-12, Guy of Gallardon wrote to his ruler, countess Adela, mentioning Amaury of Montfort and Hugh de Crecy making a pact in which Amaury is to be with Lord Milo of Bray as long as Adela wiched.
1112, In the presence of Countess Adela, and at her suggestion, Hugh le Puiset signed a charter making reparation for past offenses agains the abbey of St.-Jean-en-Vallee. (S) Social Origins of Medieval Institutions, O’Callaghan, 1998, P277.
1112-13, Adela sent her son Stephen to the court of her brother King Henry in England.
1113, Adela was influential in getting her son Theobald to ally himself with King Henry against King Louis.
1117-18, Adela influenced her son Theobald to side with her brother King Henry against the King of France. [King Henry’s efforts had little effect.]
1118, Preuilly, in the diocese of Sens, founded by Adela and her son Theobald. (S) Cistercians in the Middle Ages, Burton, 2011, P25.
1119, “I Adela, countess of Blois, and Thibaut, my son, …, that we have granted our fair of Sezanne, which is on the feast of St. Nicholas, completely to clothing the poor monks of Christ of the church of St. Mary of Molesme …”
6/1120, Adela paid homage to her brother King Henry, now recognized by King Louis as having the right to Normandy. [The peace agreement was orchestrated through Adela’s papal contacts.]
11/25/1120, Adela’s daughter Matilda died in the White ship disaster with her husband, Richard, earl of Chester.
1122-25, Adela retired to the convent of Marcigney on the Loire.
1126-29, King Henry gave the nunnery of Marcigny, home of his sister Adela, freedom from customs and futher stipulated that the nuns could not be impleaded except in the presence of the King. (S) Henry I, Hollister, 2003, P408.
1128, Thibaud, son of Adela, at her urging, remitted the St. Martin prebends into the hands of the successor of Ivo of Chartres.
1130, Adela, countess of Blois, wrote a letter to her son Theobald, count of Blois. (S) Letters of Medieval Women, Sutton, 2002, P-IV.
1133-37, Letter from Adela to her son Thibaut: “To her dearest son, count T of Blois, A, nun of Marcigny, the affection of maternal love …”
9/1134, A fire ravaged Adela’s town of Chartres, damaging the hospital and church.
12/1/1135, Adela’s brother, King Henry I died.
12/1135, The abbot of Cluny wrote to Adela informing her of her brother’s death. [Leaving Adela as the last surviving child of William the Conqueror.]
12/26/1135, In a coup, Adela’s son, Stephen de Blois became King of England.
1136, Letter from Peter the Venerable to Adeal; Peter announces to Adela the death of her brother, King Henry I, with information about his death and burial.
1136, King Stephen issued letters of protection to the abbey of Marcigny in Burgundy, “where my mother is a nun.”
3/8/1137, ‘Adela, filia regis’ died at the convent; buried at Caen beside her mother and sister Cecilia in the abbey of the Holy Trinity.
(S) Epistolæ. (S) Medieval France: An Encyclopedia, Kilber, 1995. (S) Conqueror’s Son, Lack, 2007. (S) King Stephen, King, 2011. (S) Proceedings of the Battle Conference, 1991. (S) DNB, V1, 1885, P135.
Family notes:
·         There are many documents of Adela which are undated.
·         Other sons: William [the eldest] passed over; Henry became bishop of Winchester; Philip became the abbot at Chalons; Humbert died young; Eudo named in 1 charter.
·         Daughter: Adela married Milo de Brai, viscount of Troyes [annulled].

Children of Stephen and Adela:
i. William de Sulli, born bef. 1090 in France.
1102, William named Count of Blois and Chartres.
1104, William married Agnes de Sully, heiress of the lordship of Sully-sur-Loire.
1107, William removed as count by his mother because of his erratic behavior.
Child: Margaret de Sulli, married Henry, count of Eu [parents of 378236684. John, Count of Eu.]

ii. Thibaut II of Champagne (378220994), born 1090 in France.
iii. King Stephen of England (189110430), born 1092 in France.
iv. Eleanore of Champagne, born by 1100 in France.

Eleanor married Count Raoul of Vermandois [a cousin of the King], seneschal of France, s/o Count Hugh de France & Adele of Vermandois.
1142, Eleanor was put away by her husband to marry Petronilla, sister of the Queen of France.

v. Henry of Blois, born ~1098 in France.

1126, Henry abbot at Glastonbury abbey.
10/4/1129, Henry, bishop of Winchester [consecrated 11/17/1129.]
12/15/1135, Henry, bishop of Winchester, delivered an agreement under which Stephen [Henry’s brother] would grant extensive freedoms and liberties to the church, in exchange for the Archbishop of Canterbury and the Papal Legate supporting his succession to the throne.
3/1/1139, Henry became a papal legate.
8/29/1139, King Stephen was summoned by his brother Henry, the bishop, to answer charges that he had violated church liberties.
3/2/1141, Empress Matilda met with Bishop Henry, the king’s brother, and the papal legate in England, near Winchester. Matilda promised to consult him on important legal matters, and Henry gave his allegiance to her.
4/7/1141 at Winchester, Empress Matilda acknowledged as “Lady of England and Normandy” by Bishop Henry. [Soon after Stephen again crowned King of England.]
9/23/1143, Henry lost his legatine commission.
8/8/1171, Henry, the ‘king without a throne’ died [now buried at Winchester cathedral.]

Sunday, March 24, 2013

G29: 319834122 Montfort-Bardolf-Evreux

319834122. Simon de Montfort & 319834123. Isabella Bardolf & 756441090. Agnes of Everux

5/14/1027, Henry I crowned King of France.
Isabella born in France, d/o §Hugh Bardolf.
Isabella inherited the castle of Nogent-l’Erembert near Chartres from her father [which passed to her daughter Isabel, then to her son Ralph].
7/3/1035, Robert I, duke of Normandy, died; his bastard son William [the Conqueror], age 8, succeeding.
~1045, Agnes born in Normandy, d/o 1512882180. Richard, count of Evreux & 319834121. Godeheut ?.
5/23/1059, Philip I crowned King of France.
1063, On the petition of Simon de Montfort and Walerand de Breteuil, Ralph de Tonie restored to favour.
10/25/1066, William I [the Conqueror] crowned King of England.
1067, Agnes’ father died.
~1067, Ralph de Tony obtained the right to marry Isabel de Montfort by kidnapping Anges, d/o Richard, compte d’Evreux, his own half sister, and delivering her in marriage to Simon de Montfort.
~1087, Simon died, buried at Epernon; his son Simon succeeding [succeeded in 1104 by his brother Amaury.]
Family notes:
·         1072, Amaury de Montfort [unknown relation] died.

Child of Simon and Isabella:
i. Isabel de Montfort (159917061), born ~1055 in France.
Children of Simon and Agnes:
i. Bertrade de Montfort (378220545), born ~1068 in France.
ii. Amaury de Montfort (319832088), born ~1075 in France.

Wednesday, March 20, 2013

G29: 319834120 Tosny-Evreux

319834120. Roger of Tosny & 319834121. Godeheut ? & 1512882180. Richard, count of Evreux

~990, Roger born in Conches, Normandy, s/o §Raoul de Toeni.
1013-14, Roger and his father Raoul held the castle at Tillieres for Richard, duke of Normandy. (S) Monastic Revival, Potts, 1997, P109.
1015, Raoul de Toeni [Roger’s father] the leader of a group of Normans on a pilgrimage to Italy for a blessing of the pope. The pope encouraged them to go to southern Italy, where the Greeks were attacking. (S) Southern Italy and Sicily, Crawford, 1907, P131.
1016, Raoul de Toeni [Roger’s father] and the sons of Tancred de Hauteville, on their way home from pilgrimage, helped the town of Salerno, Italy, against Saracens. (S) Meidieval France, Tilley, 2010, P80.
~1020, Richard, born in Evreux, s/o 3025764360. Robert, Archbishop of Rouen & Herleve ?. (S) Ecclesiastical History of England and Normandy, V2, 1854, P160.
Aft. 1024, Roger’s father died.
1020s, Roger fought for the Countess of Barcelona against it Muslim contemporaries. (S) Medieval Warfare, Keen , 1999, P61. [Upon returning Roger was known as “Roger the Spaniard.”]
[–––Roger & Godehilde–––]
By 1026, Roger founded the church of Sainte-Foy at Conches.
5/14/1027, Henry I crowned King of France.
7/3/1035, Robert I, duke of Normandy, died; his bastard son William [the Conqueror] succeeding at age 8. Roger de Tosny was opposed to this succession. Robert, archbishop of Rouen, father of Richard, count of Evreux, became the Regent for Duke William. [Duke William and Count Richard are 2nd cousins.]
1035, Roger built the castle of Conches-en-Ouche, and founded the abbey of Conches. (S) The Quest for El Cid, Fletcher, 1989, P78.
3/16/1037, Richard of Evreux’s father died.
Roger of Tosny, with his 2 sons, and Robert of Grandmesnil, ravaged the lands of Humphrey de Vieilles [father of Roger de Beaumont.]
1042, Edward the Confessor became King of England, returning from exile in Normandy to London. [Richard and Edward were 1st cousins.] (S) Edward the Confessor, Barlow, 1984.
~ 1044, Roger of Tosny died in battle with Roger de Beaumont. [Roger’s 2 eldest sons died soon afterwards.]
 [–––Richard & Godehilde–––]
1048, Girelme du Fresne, for the soul of his lord Roger de Tosny and Raoul his son and his own, gave favour to the abbey of Conches. (S) Dictionnaire Historique de Toutes Les Communes, Charpillon, V2, 1879, P229.
5/23/1059, Philip I crowned King of France.
1060, Richard, founding the Benedictine nunnery of Saint-Sauver: ‘considering that this miserable life is woth naught, and in terror and pains of hell, I have founded a house of nuns within the city of Evreux … I Richard, unworth count and sinner, … do take upon my oath the following donations to them.’ (S) Battle Conference, 1979, P66.
1/1066, Edward the Confessor, King of England died.
1066, On the founding of Saint Taurin, Richard, count of Evreux, with consent of his son William, donated a tithe of a town near the mouth of the Sein, and a tithe of mills in a town near Evreux. (S) Monatic Revival – Normandy, Potts, 1997, P68.
10/14/1066, Richard and his son William fought with William the Conqueror at the Battle of Hastings. [At this time, Richard 1 of only 4 counts in Normandy: Counts of Eu, Evreux, and Mortain, and Countess of Aumale.] (S) General Introduction to Domesday Book, V1, Ellis, 1833, P408.
12/13/1067, Richard, count of Evreux, died. (S) Yorkshire Arch. Journal, V9, 1886, P260.
Family notes:
·         Conches about 4 leagues southwest of Everux.
·         Supposedly Godeheut was the daughter of the Countess of Barcelona. (S) Medieval Romance in England, 1963, P249.
·         Charter of Godehilde: “I, Godehilde, Countess of Evreux, formerly wife of Roger de Tosny.” (S) Book of Sainte Foy, Sheingorn, 1995, P297.

Children of Roger and Godeheut:
ii. Adeliza de Tony (1272928379), born ~1025 in France.
i. Ralph de Tony (159917060), born ~1030 in France.
Children of Richard and Godeheut:
i. Agnes of Everux (756441090), born ~1045 in France.
ii. William of Everux, born ~1047 in France.

William married Helwise, d/o William of Nevers.
10/14/1066, William fought with his father and Duke William at the battle of Hastings.
1090-91, William, count of Evreux, laid siege to Conches, killing Isabel’s [wife of half-brother Ralph de Tony] brother Richard de Montfort. The dispute was settled when William, count of Evreux named Ralph’s younger son Roger as his heir. (S) Collected Historical Works of Sir Francis Palgrave, K.H., 1921, P143. [This conflict lasted 3 years.]
11/1090, William of Evreux aided Duke Robert in suppressing a rebellion in the city of Rouen.
8/1104, Henry invaded Normandy and convinced William, count of Evreux to switch allegiance.
1110, William destroyed the king’s tower at Evreux.
1112, King Henry drove William from his lands.
4/18/1118, William died. King Henry I of England seized the castle of Evreux. William’s nephew, Amaury de Montfort claimed Evreux by right of his mother [Agnes, d/o Richard, count of Evreux.]

Monday, March 18, 2013

G29: 319832480 FitzJohn-FitzNigel

319832480. Eustace Fitz John & 319832481. Agnes fitz Nigel

~1090, Eustace born in England, s/o §John fitz Richard [called Monoculus.]
~1095, Agnes born in England, d/o §William fitz Nigel, baron of Halton, constable of Chester.
Eustace inherited Knaresborough.
8/5/1100, Henry I crowned King of England.
Eustace 1st married Beatrix, heir & d/o Yvo de Vesci.
1/8/1107, David became King of Southern Scotland, Alexander King of Northern Scotland.
Eustace, by his wife, Agnes fitz Nigel, heiress of Halton, Eustace became Lord of Alnwick and Malton.
1116-19, Notification … grant to the canons of St. Oswalds, Nostell, of the church of Bambrough, … attested … Ranulf the chancellor, and Eustace fitz John. (S) English Historical Review, V34, 1919, P507.
1123-29, Notification to Walter Espec, Eustace fitz-John, … confirmation to St. Mary’s, York. (S) English Historical Review, V34, 1919, P549.
4/24/1124, David I crowned King of Scotland.
1126-29, Notification … confirmation to the monaster of Austin canons … Kirkham, co. York, by Walter Espec, … attested … Eustace fitz John … , (S) English Historical Review, V34, 1919, P538.
12/1128, Notification of Henry I to Walter Espec and Eustace fitz John. (S) Regesta Regum Anglo-Normannorum, 1956, P220.
By 1129, By King Henry I, Eustace given the whole fee of Radulph Gaugi: Elingeham, Docheseffodam, Osberwyc, Hacton, and Netferton; with lands in Durham and Yorkshire including the barony of Malton.
By 1129, King Henry appointed Eustace the sheriff of Northumberland, and made him governor of Bamburgh.
1129, Notification of the king’s confirmation to St. Stephen’s Caen, … signatories: Henry the King; Hugh archbishop of Rouen; [bishops of Bayeux, Lisieux]; Roger of Salisbury; [earls of Gloucester and Chester]; Geoffrey de Magnaville, Nigel de Aubigny; Robert de Hai; and Eustace fitz-John. (S) English Historical Review, V34, 1919, P551.
1129-30, Eustace a justiciar in the north with Walter Espec. [Eustace and Walter appear numerous times in the pipe roll.]
1129-33, Eustace Fitz-John attested multiple charters of King Henry. (S) English Historical Review, V34, 1919.
8/1131, Notification by Henry I … restored and granted to William, son of Walter de Beauchamp, his dispenser, the land that his father held from whatever lord; and his father's office of dispenser. … Witnesses: … G[eoffrey] the chancellor; … Robert Earl of Leicester; Robert de Vere; Miles of Gloucester; Robert] deCurci; Hugh] Bigod; Humphrey de Bohun; Payn fitz John; Eustace fitz John; Geoffrey fitz Payn; William Maltravers; William de Albini; … William Mauduit.
12/25/1132 at Windsor, Eustace fitz John at the Christmas court of King Henry.
1133, Eustace provided assisstance [bread] to the starving monks at Fountains abbey. (S) Annals and History of Leeds, 1860, P18.
1135, Eustace fitz John in possessio of the barony of Alnwick. (S) History – Alnwick, Tate, 1866, P51.
12/22/1135, Stephen crowned king of England. [Usurping Empress Matilda, d/o King Henry I; the next 18 years there would be civil war in England.]
2/1136, at Durham [or York], King Stephen confirmed the gifts of Eustace fitz John to Fountains abbey.
1136-38, Royal mandate of King Stephen to Eustace to see that Rainer de Muschamp and Cecily his sister honour a gift of their brother to the bishopric of Durham. (S) Anglo-Norman Durham, Rollason, 1998, P355.
2/1138, King Stephen detained Eustace on suspicion of treasonable correspondence with David, King of Scotland. Eustace had to remain at court, and had to surrender Bamburgh castle. [King David had just invaded England.] Eustace complained that this was against custom: ‘ab eo in curia contra morem patrium captus.’
8/1138, Eustace surrendered the castle of Alnwick to King David and joined his forces, helped attack Bamburgh, and offered his castle at Malton.
8/22/1138, Eustace a Scottish commander under Prince Henry at the Battle of the Standard at Northallerton; the defeat of Scottish forces. Eustace was wounded. [Walter Espec was a prominent member of the royal forces.]
8/1138, Eustace retreated to Malton, which was then besieged. (S) Chronicle of John of Worcester, McGurk, 1998, P255.
4/9/1139 at Durham, Eustace took advantage of a new treaty between England and Scotland to do homage to Henry, earl of Northumberland, saving fealty to King Stephen.
1139, Eustace fitz John a witness to King Stephen’s creation of Waleran, count of Meulan, as earl of Worcester. (S) Tradition and Change, Greenway, 2002, P168.
9/1139, King Henry’s daughter Empress Matilda invaded England with forces led by her half brother Robert, Earl of Gloucester.
9/1140 at Stamford, Attending King Stephen’s court: Ranulf, earl of Chester; Gilbert, earl of Pembroke; Earl Simon; Roger, earl of Warwick; Earl Robert de Ferrers; … Richard de Camville; Richard Fitz Urse; Eustace fitz John; … Hugh Wake; … (S) From Alfred the Great to Stephen, Davies, 1991, P216.
1140, Eustace founded the Augustinian priory of St. Mary at North Ferriby, Yorkshire.
1141, Eustace held the lordships of Burgh and Knaresborough of King Stephen.
2/2/1141, King Stephen captured at the battle of Lincoln.
4/7/1141 at Winchester, Empress Matilda acknowledged as “Lady of England and Normandy” by Bishop Henry.
1141, Empress Matilda appointed Eustace fitz John the governor at York.
1141, Eustace supported William Cumin in a dispute with the Bishop of Durham.
6/1141, King David of Scotland informs Eustace fitz John that he has granted to Westminster abbey the land which Adam, son of Aldwin the chamberlain, held in Tottenham, and warns Eustace about interfering with the land. (S) Charters of King David I, Barrow, 1999, P106.
9/1141, Empress Matilda’s brother, Robert, earl of Gloucester, captured at the battle of Winchester.
11/1/1141, King Stephen exchanged by Matilda for Robert, earl of Gloucester.  
12/25/1141, Stephen again crowned King, and held a Christmas court. [The civil war would continue for 12 more years.]
By 1142, Henry, son of the king of Scotland, for Eustace fitz John; has given and granted and restored all lands and tenements that he held in Northumbria of King Henry I in chief, and after him, of King Stephen; has given in augmentation of Eustace's other feu, but for no additional service, Earls Barton, Potton, Paxton and Great Stukeley as earl himself held them in his demesne; and in feu and heritage the feu and service of Robert de Muntut. (S) POMS.
1143, Eustace helped negotiate and agreement between William Cumin and the Bishop of Durham.
Aft. 1143, Eustace fitz John made a grant to Hugh de Cathewic of pasturage for 100 sheep, provided that ‘a final end is made of building the church at Norton’ according to the first foundation of William fitz Nigel.
1144, Eustace became constable of Ranulf, earl of Chester.
1/29/1145, A papal bull of confirmation and privileges to Fountains abbey mentions Eustace Fitz John. (S) Surtees Society, V44, 1863, P-LII.
1145, Eustace fortifited his castel at Alnwick. (S) Northumberland, White, 1859, P170.
1146, Eustace fitz John witnessed a charter to Kirton in Lindsay. (S) Charters of King David I, Barrow, 1999, P93.
1147, Eustace founded the abbey of Alnwick, Northumberland.
6/1148, Empress Matilda returned to Normandy, never returning to England.
1149-50, Eustace and Agnes founded a nunnery at Watton, Yorkshire [‘on the prayer and with the assent of his wife, Agnes, through whose dowry Watton was exchanged, that is for Loddington and Hilderthorpe’]; and a house of canons at Malton; at the instance of Murdac, Archbishop of York. (S) Monastic Order in Yorkshire, Burton, 2006, P137.
1150-53, Eustace witnessed 2 charters of the Earl of York.
1152, Eustace, governor of York, issued coins at York with his name and full-length figure. (S) British Numismatic Journal, V4, 1908, P364.
5/24/1153, Malcolm IV succeeded King David I of Scotland.
Aft. 1153, Eustace witnessed a royal grant to the church of Rievaulx of lands in Crosby and Cotum. (S) Durham, 1153-1195; Snape, 2002, P107.
9/1154 at Westminster, Eustace fitz John, constable of Chester, attended the court of King Stephen.
12/19/1154, Henry II crowned king of England.
2/1155, Eustace fitz John witnessed a royal charter to Yorkshire priory of Nostell.
5/1157 at Waltham, Essex, Eustace fitz John witnessed a royal charter to Bridlington priory, Yorkshire.
7/1157, Eustace, serving with King Henry, was killed fighting the Welsh forces of Owain Gwynedd ap Gruffydd at the battle of Ewloe. (S) The Age of Owain Gwynedd, Barbier, 1908, P84. [Robert de Courci also killed; Henry de Essex fled the battle and was disgraced.]
Agnes married 2nd Robert of Gloucester, natural s/o Earl Robert de Caen [died 1147].
1158, Robert fitzCount, constable of Chester, granted Watton priory all the land as Eustace fitzJohn gave it with the consent of Agnes his wife, from whose marriage portion there was exchanged. (S) Book of Seals, Hatton, 1950, P356.
4/1158, A confirmation of a grant by King Henry mentions a grant by Agnes fitz Nigel and her husband Robert.
Agnes made a grant in which her grandson is styled ‘Johannes filius Ricardi, nepos Dominae.’
By 1161, Agnes died.
(S) Transactions – Shropshire, V2, 1908, P31. (S) Court, Household, and Itinerary of King Henry II, Eyton, 1878. (S) Judges of England, Foss, V1, 1848, P116. (S) Norton Priory, Greene, 2004, P5. (S) History of the Borough, Castle, and Barony of Alnwick; Tate, 1866, P52. (S) King Stephen, King , 2010.
Family notes:
·         Possibly Eustace’s grandfather was John de Burgo, Commanding General for William the Conqueror.

Child of Eustace and Beatrix:
i. William de Vescy, born ~1110 in England.

1157, William the heir of Eustace and Beatrice.
Charter of William: ‘omnes donationes quas pater meus Eustachius filius Johannis dedit tam canonicis quam monialibus sive in Wathona sive in Maltona.’ (S) Monastic Order in Yorkshire, Burton, 2006, P138.

Child of Eustace and Agnes:
i. Richard FitzEustace (159916240), born ~1115 in England.

Sunday, March 17, 2013

G29: 319832448 Clare-Clermont

319832448. Gilbert Fitz Richard de Clare & 319832449. Adelize de Clermont

~1065, Gilbert, Lord of Clare, born in Normandy, France, s/o 639664896. Richard de Clare & 639664897. Rohais Giffard.
Adelisa, d/o Hughes de Creil, comte de Clermont-en-Beauvaisis & Marguerite de Ramerupt. (S) FMG.
9/9/1087, William the Conqueror died.
9/26/1087, William Rufus crowned King of England; succeeding William the Conqueror. His elder brother Robert became Duke of Normandy.
1088, Gilbert’s father retired as a monk, Gilbert succeeding.
1088, Gilbert part of the invasion of England by Robert, duke of Normandy, against King William Rufus of England [brothers]. Gilbert held Tonbridge for Duke Robert.
4/1088, Gilbert and his brother Roger besieged at Tonbridge by King William and surrendered after 2 days. (S) Religious Patronage, Cownie, 1998, P212.
6/1088, Gilbert, having submitted to William, attended his court in the south of England.
1090, Gilbert’s father died; his older brother Roger succeeded to the Norman lands, Gilbert succeeded as lord of Clare and Tonbridge. (S) FMG.
1090, Gilbert fitz Richard chose to replace the canons of the college of St. John the Baptist at Clare with Bec monks. (S) Anselm of Bec, Vaughn, 1987, P66.
1091, Gilbert fitz Richard attested a charter of King William. (S) Regesta Willelmi Conquisitoris et Wilhelmi Rufi, 1913, P-XXIV.
1094, Gilbert fitz Richard of Clare, Hugh of Montgomery earl of Shrewsbury, and Ernulf of Hesdin allied against King William. (S) Anselm of Bec, Vaughtn, 1987, P178.
1097, Gilbert son of Richard at the founding of St. John’s abbey. (S) English Historical Review, V37, 1922, P20.
1098, Gilbert in a joint expedition attacked Anglesey in Wales. (S) Age of Conquest: Wales, Davies, 2000, P87.
1099, Ralf de la Cressimere witnessed a charter of Gilbert Fitz Richard. (S) Harleian Society, V103, 1951, P34.
Aft. 11/1099, Adelisa’s father died.
1100, Gilbert fitz Richard acquired the lands of Rainald son of Ivo, and made grants to his foundation at Clare. (S) Stoke by Clare Cartulary, Pt3, 1984, P19.
8/2/1100, Gilbert present when King William Rufus was killed while hunting. (S) History of Normandy and of England: William Rufus, Palgrave, 1864, P678.
8/5/1100, Henry I crowned King of England.
3/1101, Gilbert of Tonbridge a surety for King Henry in his treaty with the Count of Flanders. (S) Battle Conference, V11, 1988, P268.
7/20/1101, Duke Robert of Normandy, eldest brother of King Henry, invaded England. Many of the barons of England supported the Duke.
9/1101, The King grants to Bishop Herbert … ‘Nomina primatum et principum:’ Robert count of Ponthieu, Stephen count of Brittany, Robert count of Meulan, Eustace count of Boulogne, Henry earl of Warwick, Simon earl of Northampton, William earl of Warren, William count of Mortain, Count Rogert the Poitevin, Eudes the sewer, Hamon the sewer, William the butler, Richard de Redvers, Robert fitz Hamon, Alan fitz-Flaad, Gilbert Fitz-Richard, Robert Malet, Roger fitz-Richard.
8/1101, King Henry and Duke Robert ceased warfare by the Treaty of Alton.
12/25/1101 at Westminster, Gilbert fitz Richard at King Henry’s Christmas court. [King Louis VI of France was also at this court.]
1102-04 at Westminster, Notification to Robert bishop of Lincoln … The King has restored Duxford to Count Eustace … attested Henry, earl of Warwick, Gilbert fitz-Richard, …
1/1103 at Salisbury, Gilbert fitz Richard attested an agreement between William abbot of Fecamp and Philip de Braose, in the presence of King Henry and Queen Matilda.
1103, Gilbert served as a justiciar in Kent. (S) Battle Conference, V11, 1988, P270.
1107, Gilbert [de Clare] commanded a force sent against the Welsh. (S) Suffolk Green Books, V8, 1904, P158.
1109, Gilbert fitz Richard attested the confirmation of the gifts of Henry count of Eu to the church of St. Mary, Bec.
1110, Gilbert granted the lordship of Cardigan in Wales; built castles at Llanbadarn Fawr and Din Geraint. (S) History of the Early Medieval Siege, Purton, 2009, P264.
1110-15, Gilbert fitz Richard founded the priory of Cardigan in Gloucester. (S) Dependent Priories of Medieval English Monasteries, Heale, 2004, P290.
1110-4/1116 at Windsor, Writ to Richard de Monte, sheriff of Oxfordshire … attested by John bishop of Lisieux and Gilbert-Fitz-Richard.
1111, Gilbert fitz Richard gave land and the church of St. Padarn, Cardigan, to Gloucester parish. (S) Religious Patronage, Cownie, 1998, P61.
1113, Gilbert commanded the vanguard of an army invading north Wales against Griffith Gwynedd and Owen, Prince of Powys.
1113, ‘Henrico regnante Dei gratia Rege Anglorum, Rohes uxor Richardi filii Comitis Gisleberti, dedit Deo, … concessit Gislebertus filius suus, uxorque ejus Aeliz, … Testibus: Willielmo Gyffart, … Fratribusque suis, Rogero, Waltero, Roberto, Eudone Dapifero …’ (S) History and Antiquities of Eynesbury, Gorham, 1820, P-CV.
7/1114, Gilbert fitz Richard brought his column of ‘the Britons of the South and the French and Saxons from Dyfed and all the South’ on the Welsh campaign. [King Henry I led his first invasion in Wales against Gruffydd and Owain of Powys.] (S) Henry I and the Anglo Norman World, Fleming, 2007, P60.
10/8/1115 at Westminster, In the presence of Queen Matilda and William her son, Gilbert fitz Richard attested a grant to Bishop Bernard of St. Andrew the Apostle in Wales.
1116-17, Gilbert fitz Richard founded the priory of Llanbandarn-Fawr in Gloucester.
By 1117, Gilbert of Clare and Tonbridge died.
Adelisa married 2nd [as his 3rd wife] Bouchard, seigneur de Montmorency.
(S) New England Historical Register, V75, 1921, P60. (S) Conqueror’s Son, Lack, 2007, P48. (S) English Historical Review, V34, 1919. (S) Foundation for Medieval Genealogy.
Family notes:
·         Hughes de Creil, s/o §Renaud II [died aft. 1058.]
·         Bef. 1160, Hughes married Marguerite, d/o §Hilduin de Montdidier et de Ramerupt, comte de Roucy & Adelaide de Roucy.
·         Bef. 1160, ‘Rainaldus … senioris camerarius’ renounced rights relating to Villare in favour of Fécamp by undated charter, dated to before 1060, witnessed by ‘Hugo filius meus cum uxore sua et uxor mea Ermentrudis’.
·         1067, ‘Hugues fils de Renaud’ consented to the donation of ‘la moitié de la terre de Rungis’ by ‘son cousin le chambrier Galeran’ to Paris Saint-Martin-des-Champs.
·         Bef. 1092, ‘Hugo de Montiaco’ witnessed the charter by which ‘Radulphus de Basincourt et Helvidis uxor eius’ donated property ‘juxta Manusdivillam’ to Pontoise Saint Martin.
·         Bef. 11/1099, ‘Hugo Clarimontis dns’ confirmed his donations to the church of Saint-Germer-de-Flay, with the consent of ‘filiis meis Rainaldo et Guidone’.

Children of Gilbert and Adelize:
ii. Alice FitzRichard (1512946707), born ~1092 in England.
ii. Richard de Clare (159916224), born ~1094 in England.
iiii. Gilbert de Clare (378236700), born ~1096 in England.
iv. Rohese de Clare, born ? in England.

Rohese married Eudo Dapifer [the sewer]. (S) English Historical Review, V37, 1922, P16.

G29: 319832118 Lancaster-Newburg

319832118. William fitz Gilbert de Lancaster & 189128125. Gundred de Newburg

William s/o §Gilbert & Goditha, s/o Keter, s/o Ethelred, s/o Lord Ivo de Taillebois.
Gundred de Newberg, d/o 243393932. Earl Roger de Newburgh & 243393933. Gundred de Warren.
William, baron of Kendal, appointed Governor of the castle of Lancaster and took the name of Lancaster.
1130, William de Lancaster possed the lordship of Mulcaster [‘Willemus de Lancastria villam de Mulcaster’.] (S) Lancashire Pipe Rolls of 31 Henry I, Farrer, 1902, P305.
12/22/1135, Stephen crowned king of England.
1138, William castalan of William FitzDuncan’s castle of Egremont.
1140, Roger de Mowbray enfeoffed William with Lonsdale.
Aft. 6/12/1153, William married 2nd. Gundred de Newburg, d/o 243393932. Earl Roger de Newburgh & 243393933. Gundred de Warren.
12/19/1154, Henry II crowned king of England.
1/1156 at Dover, King Henry confirmed the gift of William de Lancaster, with the assent of Gundreda his wife and of William his son and heir, of the manor and church of Cockerham to St Mary de Pre, Leicester. (S) Chartulary of Cockersand Abbey, Farrer, 1898, P308.
Aft. 1156, William de Lancaster … by the advice and consent of William, my son and heir, and Gundreda my wife [the daughter], … souls of Gilbert my father, and Godith my mother, and Jordan my son, and Margaret, daughter of the Countess …  Witnesses: Gundreda, daughter of the Countess. (S) Lancashire Pipe Rolls, Farrer, 1902, P394.
9/1157 at Woodstock, A royal charter confirms and agreement between William fitz Gilbert and the monks of Furness abbey, Lancashire, over a boundary issue with Kendal. (S) Court, Household and Itinerary of King Henry II, Eyton, 1878, P30.
By 1160, ‘Willelmus de Lancastre’ donated pasture rights in ‘feodum meum in Lonisdale et in Aumundernesse’ to Leicester, St Mary de Pré, with the consent of ‘Willelmi filii mei et heredis et Gundree uxoris mee.’ (S) FMG.
~1160, The Parish church of St. Michael, Cockerham, founded by William de Lancaster. (S) History – Lancaster, Baines, 1893, P493.
1166, William de Lancaster I held only two knight's fees, of the new feoffment of Roger de Mowbray.
By 1170, William of Kendal died.
(S) Early Yorkshire Charters, Farrer, V8, P10. (S) Records – Barony of Kendale, V1, Farrer, 1923, P-XI. (S) Antiquities of Furness, West, 1774, P83.
Family notes:
·         William fitz Gilbert de Lancaster, s/o Gilbert de Furnies & Judith ?.
·         1212, in an inquest, William identifed as ‘Willelmus filius Gilberti primus.’ William had a younger brother named Gilbert.

Child of William and ?:
i. Avice de Lancaster (159916059), born ~1125 in England.
Child of William and Gundred:
i. William de Lancaster (94564062), born ~1156 in England.

Saturday, March 16, 2013

G29: 319832116 Moreville-Beauchamp

319832116. Hugh de Moreville & 319832117. Beatrice de Beauchamp

Hugh from Morville, near Valognes, Normandy.
1115, Hugh attached to the court of David, Earl of Cumberland.
1116, Hugh a witness to the “Inquisitio Davidis” relating to the see of Glasgow.
Hugh married Beatrice. (S) The Scottish house of Roger, Rogers, 1875, P9.
Aft. 1123, Charter of Thirlestane granted by Hugh de Moreville to Elsi (Aelfsige), son of Winter, in exchange for his lands of ‘Newintonia’ for the yearly payment of 3 marks, excepting the foreign service that pertains to the king.
1131, Hugh a land proprietor of Huntingdon, Northampton, and Rutland, excused from the payment of “Danegeld”. His name immediately follows that of King David in the pipe rolls.
12/22/1135, Stephen crowned king of England.
1139, A son of Hugh de Moreville, the constable, with 4 other sons of Scot leaders were sent to King Stephen as hostages associated with a peace agreement with King David.
Bef. 11/1140, Hugh appointed constable of King David and received a fief at Lauderdale.
1140-1151, Bishop Robert of St Andrews announces an agreement between the mother church of Ednam and the chapel of Longnewton, made before him and Hugh [de Moreville] the constable.
1140, Hugh, Constable of Scotland, supported King David in an [unsuccessful] attempt to impose on the church of Durham a Scotch clerk as Bishop.
11/1/1140-6/12/1152, Hugh the perambulator of a grant of King David to St. Mary’s abbey at Newbattle.
1141, Hugh de Morville granted the barony of Appleby, Westmorland during King David’s Scottish occupation of northern England. (S) Medieval Scotland, Barrow, 1998, P90.
1150-1152, Hugh and wife Beatrice founded the Premonastratensian abbey of Dryburgh on the Tweed.
11/10/1150-6/12/1152, Henry, earl of Northumbria, has granted donations of alms in Dryburgh, which Hugh de Moreville and Beatrice de Beauchamp gave to Dryburgh Abbey.
11/11/1150-1159, Robert, bishop of St Andrews, declares that he has received Dryburgh Abbey, which Hugh de Moreville has founded, in full blessing of St Andrew and himself, and has granted, at request of Hugh, all alms and donations which he and Beatrice de Beauchamp, his wife, have assigned and given.
Bef. 5/24/1153, B[eatrice] de Beauchamp notifies her lord, David, king of Scotland, his heirs, and Richard de Moreville her son and all his heirs, that she has given and granted to Dryburgh Abbey the church of Bozeat (Northants), her free dowry.
5/1153, Malcom IV succeeded as King of Scotland.
12/19/1154, Henry II crowned king of England.
1158, Hugh de Moreville and his son Hugh de Moreville both witness a charter of King Malcolm of Scotland. (S) Notes & Queries, White, 1870, P158.
1162, Hugh died as a monk at Dryburgh; his son Richard succeeded him as Constable of Scotland.
(S) Court, Household and Itinerary of King Henry II, Eyton, 1878. (S) People of Medieval Scotland.
Family notes:
·         Hugh had lands at Bozeat, Northamptonshire, and Whissendine, Rutland.

Children of Hugh and Beatrice:
i. Richard de Morville (159916058), born ~1120 in Cumberland, England.
ii. Malcom de Morville, born ? in England.

1174, Malcom was killed in a hunting accident by Adolph de St. Martin. The St. Martin family made a significant gift to a church of the Morville family to atone for the death. [Malcolm buried in Leicester abbey.]

iii. Johanna de Morville, born ? in England.

Johanna married Richard de Germin.

iv. Hugh de Morville (94564646), born ~1135, in England.
v. Ada de Moreville (243396617), born ~1140 in England.

vi. Maud de Morville (39979281), born ~1145 in Scotland.

Thursday, March 14, 2013

G29: 319832120 King David-Matilda-Earl Simon

319832120. King David I of Scotland & 319832121. Countess Matilda of Northumberland & 318232098. Earl Simon de Saint Liz

10/25/1066, William the Conqueror crowned King of England.
~1068, Simon de Saint Liz born in Normandy, France, s/o §Ranulph “The Rich”.
~1072, Matilda born in Huntingdonshire, England, d/o 639664242. Earl Waltheof of Northumberland & 639664243. Judith of Lens.
5/31/1076, Matilda’s father died.
1084, David born in Scotland, 4th s/o 378220550. King Malcolm III [Canmore], King of Scots & 378220551. Saint Margaret.
1085, David’s older brother Donald killed in battle.
9/26/1087, William II Rufus crowned King of England.
 [–––Simon & Matilda–––]
1087-90, Simon de Seynlyz created earl of Huntingdon and Northampton. (S) FMG.
1090, in Huntingdonshire, England, Matilda 1st married Simon de Saint Lis, Earl of Huntingdon.
1090, Alice of Northumberland became a ward of Simon de Saint Lis, Earl of Huntingdon [who had married her older sister.]
1090, Earl Simon witnessed a charter to Bath abbey. (S) FMG.
1093-1100, William Rufus, in a writ to Robert [Bloet], bishop of Lincoln, confirms the alms of Earl Simon to St. Andrew's. (S) Competer Peerage, Cokayne.
8/1093, David and his sister Maud [Matilda in England] were sent to the court of King William II of England.
11/13/1093, David’s father died at the battle of Alnwick.
By 11/16/1093, David’s brother Edward, wounded at Alnwick, and his mother both had died.
11/12/1094, David’s eldest bother King Duncan II murdered; his brother Edmund becoming joint-King with their uncle King Donald III.
11/27/1095, at Clermont, Pope Urban proposed the 1st crusade; with a new doctrine that the blood they shed would not be held against them.
1097, King Edmund and his uncle Donald deposed by brother Edgar with the help of his English uncle Edgar Aetheling, brother of his mother. [Edmund became a monk.]
3/1099, King Edgar appeared at King William’s court at Westminster to do homage.
8/2/1100, Henry I crowned King of England. Earl Simon witnessed Henry’s coronation charter.
11/1100, King Henry I, after marrying David’s sister Matilda, gave David the honor of Huntingdon [manors in 11 counties], and made him Prince of Cumbria.
9/14/1101, Simon witnessed a charter of King Henry I to Bath St. Peter.
1101, Simon de St. Liz left on the minor crusade. Several groups left from various parts of Europe. The French and Burgundians left later than the Lombards.
5/19/1102, The crusaders at the battle of Ramla, after which most returned home.
1103, David, “brother of the Queen” witnessed the notia implementing an exchange of lands with Robert de Brus. (S) The Brus Family, Blakely, 2005, P21.
1104-05, Simon returned to the Holy Lands.
4/1105, At the Easter court, Queen Matilda invited her brother David to watch her wash the feet of lepers ‘imitatio Christi’ [which David refused.] (S) Power of the Weak, Carpenter, 1995, P132. [King Henry was in Normandy.]
1105-07 at Cornbury, David, the Queen’s brother, attested a notification of a grant the monks of Abingdon.
1/8/1107, David’s brother Edgar died, David became king of Southern Scotland. His older brother Alexander I was unhappy at this arrangement but David had more knights than Alexander with which to defend his inheritance. (S) Church Historians of England, 1856, P120.
1107, Symon de St. Lice, Earle of Huntingdon, built the castle in Northampton and erected began the priory of St. Andrew. (S) Dictionarium Angliae, Lambarde, 1730, P231.
Bef. 8/11/1107 at Worcester, Simon the Earl witnessed King Henry’s letter to Samson the bishop, Urse of Abbetot and all his faithful barons … French and English … make free the Church of God; so that I will neither sell nor lease its property … [also witnessed by William, bishop-elect of Winchester, who was consecrated on this date, having been nominated in 1100.] (S) English Historical Documents, V2, Douglas, 1996, P427.
1108, Simon de St. Liz, witnessed the charter of William Peverel to Lenton abbey. (S) Journal – Brit. Arch. Assoc., 1900, P273.
1109, Simon witnesses the Longueville charter at Rouen, Normandy.
1109, Simon de St. Lis, Earl of Huntingdon and Northampton, and Maude his wife confirmed the gift by Robert de Foxton, son of Vitalis Palfrey, of certain churches, including that of Braybrooke, to Daventry Priory. (S) Braybrokke, Baildon, 1923, P5.
1110, Simon, earl of Northamton, founded St. Sepulchre church, Northampton. (S) British Library London.
1111, Simon gave the advowson of Eynesbury to St. Neots. (S) Proceedings of the Cambridge Antiquarian Society, Vs59-62, 1996, P71. [Recovered by his descendent Saher de Quincy in 1204.]
1111, Earl Simon died in La Charite-Sur-Loir, Nievre, France returning from crusade « terra sanctam » ; buried at the St. Andrew’s priory, Northampton.
[–––David & Matilda–––]
1113, King David named in a charter to Selkirk.
1113, Foundation charter of St. Neot’s Priory: ‘… propria manu confirmavi. [seals] … Signum Davidis Comitis. (S) History and Antiquities of Eynesbury, Gorham, 1820, P-CVI.
12/25/1113, King David married Matilda [aka Maud]; by arrangement of King Henry of England.
Winter/1113-14, King David in England, when he was appointed Earl of Huntingdon [by February]. (S) Charters of David I, Barrow, 1999, P53.
1114-16, Earl David witnessed the royal confirmation to Rainald, abbot of Ramsey.
1115, King David named in the Glasgow episcopal appointment.
12/25/1115, Earl David in England.
1116, Hugh de Morville a witness to the “Inquisitio Davidis” relating to the see of Glasgow.
12/1116, Notification … that the king, … appointed to that office Robert bishop of Lincoln … being present with the magnates of the realm, namely Robert count of Meulan, Stephen count of Mortain, Richard earl of Chester, William de Warrene, Earl David the queen’s brother, Walter earl of Buckingham, Ranulf the chancellor, … William Peverel, Pain his brother, … Hugh de Gornai.
1116-17, Earl David attested Queen Matilda’s notification of her grant to St. Peter’s of that which Hugh de Bocheland used to hold.
Bef. 1118, Matilda de Senlis, Queen of the Scots, made a request for confirmation of a donation to Saint Cuthbert of Thor.
Bef. 5/1/1118, King David confirmed the renewal of King Edgar’s gift of Swinton.
5/1/1118, King David’s sister, Queen of England, died.
1120, King David named in the Glasgow inquisition edict.
1120, ‘Matilde comitisse, Henrico filio comitis’ witnessed the charter under which ‘David comes filius Malcolmi Regis Scottorum’ founded the abbey of Selkirk. (S) FMG.
1/29/1121 at Windsor, Earl David witnessed a royal charter to Wesminster at the wedding of King Henry and Adeliza de Louvain.
7/1122, The wife of King David’s brother King Alexander died, without leaving Alexander with an heir. King Henry of England pushed for David to be designated the heir to his brother. [Soon after, David was designated as the heir.]
12/1122, King David met King Henry at York.
4/15/1123, King David at Winchester. (S) David I, Oram, 2004, P72.
6/1123, King David at Portsmouth with King Henry as they crossed to Normandy. (S) David I, Oram, 2004, P72.
1123-24, King David in service to King Henry in western Normandy. [During this time the castle of Brionne was captured.]
Bef. 4/27/1124, Queen Matilda witnessed [her husband] Earl David’s gift of 100s rent to Glasgow cathedral.
4/27/1124, David’s brother Alexander died; King David set off for Scotland, accompanied by many knights and courtiers from Norman England, many of whom became the future aristocrats and even kings of Scotland, including Bruce, Balliol and FitzAlan, implementing the feudal system. David gave Annandale to Norman knight Robert of Brus. King David addressed “all good men of my whole kingdom – Scottish, English, Anglo-Norman, and Gallovidians”.
1125, King David in conflict with Pope Honorius II over freedom of action associated with the church in Scotland.
4/23/1126-3/4/1127, Henry of Northumberland a consentor to a gift of King David of lands in Lothian.
12/1126, King Henry held his Christmas court at Windsor. David, king of the Scots, was in attendance. (S) An Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, Swanton, 1998, P256.
1/1/1127, Empress Matilda, d/o King Henry, accepted by her father’s barons as the heir to the crown. Matilda’s uncle, King David of Scotland, and her cousin, Stephen, count of Mortain, were the 1st two to do homage. [Followed by Robert, earl of Gloucester, half-brother of Matilda.]
7/17/1127, King David gives notice that Robert bishop of St Andrews declared that he claimed no custom and nothing in law against the church of Coldingham.
7/17/1127-1131, Queen Matilda consented to renewal of previous gifts of herself and the King.
Bef. 9/5/1128, King David gives notice that Thurstan archbishop of York has consecrated Robert bishop of St Andrews without profession of obedience, saving the claim of the church of York and saving justice for Saint Andrew.
1129-30, King David spent a year in England, during which time coins were minted at Huntingdon.
4/1130, Countess Matilda of Northumberland died in Scone, Perthshire, Scotland.
1130, The trial of treason against Geoffrey de Clinton took place at Woodstock before King Henry and King David of Scotland. (S) Aristocracy of Norman England, Green, 2002, P289.
Bef. 9/29/1130, King David returned to Scotland.
1130, David had to deal with the rebellion of the Earl of Morway in alliance with Gillebrigte of Argyll. [The war would last 4 years.]
By 1131, King David to Robert, bishop of Lincoln, and Hugh, sheriff of Leicester; he has given and granted to St Andrew's priory, Northampton, the church of Potton (Beds.); he commands that his monks should hold it in free alms.
1131, King David listed on the pipe rolls in England right before Hugh de Moreville.
1134, King David defeated and captured Malcom, earl of Moray; and Gillebrigte of Argyll submitted and retained his throne as a vassal of the King.
1134, King David negotiated the marriage of his vassal, Maddad, earl of Atholl, to Margaret, d/o the overlord of Orkney, gaining the Scots stature in maritime might.
1135, With the death of King Henry I, David attempted to push the border south, invading Northumberland. King Stephen marched his Flemish army north in resistance.
12/22/1135, Stephen crowned King of England, violating his oath to Empress Matilda, d/o Hing Henry I, and throwing England into civil war.
3/1136, King David made peace with King Stephen, agreeing to resign his English earldoms to Stephen’s brother Henry. Stephen also obtained the castles of Doncaster and Carlisle, while David’s son got Huntingdon under homage to Henry.
7/7/1136, ‘Fergus de Galweia’ witnessed a charter by King David I granting Perdeyc to the church of Glasgow. [The earls of Fife and Strathearn were also in attendance.] (S) Domination and Lordship, Oram, 2011, P91.
1136-37, King David has granted and given to Arnulf, his knight, Swinton, in feu and heritage.
12/1137, King Stephen refused the request of King David that his son Henry be made Earl of Northumberland.
1/1138, The Scots invaded Northumberland. King David with a large force occupied Corbridge on the Tyne.
2/2/1138, King Stephen of England arrived in Northumbria with a large force; King Stephen burned a large area and then retreated south before Lent.
4/15/1138, King David re-entered Northumberland; devasting the seacoast as well as the territory of St. Cuthbert; and then again retreated north; laying siege to St. Cuthbert. Geoffrey, bishop of Durham, supported by only 9 knights, surrendered.
5-7/1138, King David unsuccessfully laid siege to Wark.
5-7/1138, King David was joined by John son of Eustace who held Alnwick, Northumberland; and together they attacked Yorkshire.
8/22/1138, at the Battle of the Standard near Northallerton, David did not follow up an attack by the Scottish knights [led by his son Henry] and decided to leave the field of battle. While it was by no means a rout, the English army had clearly won the day. [But they did not press their advantage and left David with significant power.]
1138, King David founded by charter Melrose abbey. (S) The History and Antiquities of Roxburghshire, V4, Jeffrey, 1864, P187.
4/9/1139 at Durham, Queen Matilda [maternally a Scot] acting for her husband King Stephen, for the sake of peace, surrendered all of Northumberland to David with the exception of 2 castles, and recognized Scotland as an independent kingdom. This agreement also required 5 hostages be sent to England, one being David’s son Henry.
8/16/1139, King David has given and granted Edrom and Nisbet to the church of St Mary and St Cuthbert, Coldingham.
1140, David had to deal with the rebellion of the Bishop of the Isles.
6/14/1140, King David has given and granted to St Mary's, Haddington, and to St Andrews cathedral, in perpetual alms, Clerkington.
1140, Queen Maud commanded that the monks of St. Andrews priory, Northampton, be put in possession of 40s annually.
2/2/1141 at Lincoln, King Stephen of England was captured and brought to Empress Matilda.
1141, King David’s Scottish occupation of northern England. (S) Medieval Scotland, Barrow, 1998, P90.
1141 at Oxford, Reginald, earl of Cornwall, witnessed the creation by Empress Matilda of Milo of Gloucester as earl of Hereford. [Other witnesses were King David of Scotland, and Robert, earl of Gloucester.]
9/14/1141, King David part of Empress Matilda’s forces defeated at the battle of Winchester. [What had started as a siege of by the Matilda’s forces of the royal palace, ended with a siege of the royal castle by the king’s forces.] (S) King Stephen, King, 2011, P169.
11/1/1141, Empress Matilda exchanged King Stephen for her half-brother Robert of Gloucester.
12/25/1141, Stephen again crowned King. [The civil war in England would continue for 12 more years.]
12/6/1142, Pope Innocent II writes to King David I noting the seizure of the church at Durham by William Comyn, the subsequent havoc, and the excommunication of William and his accomplices. David is exhorted to not permit the church at Durham to be disturbed by William or by anyone else.
4/23/1144-3/25/1145, King David has given and confirmed the church and the land of Lesmahagow  in free and perpetual alms to Kelso Abbey.
1145, On the marriage of Richard Comyn & Hextilde FitzWaltheof, King David of Scotland granted Richard and his wife Hextilde the inheritance of Uchtred Fitz Waltheof, father of Hextilde. The land included the manor of Linton Roderick, Roxburghshire.
5/3/1147, King David has granted to Coldingham Priory the gift which Cospatric, brother of Dolfin, has given of Edrom and Nisbet.
1147, King David annexed the territories of Orkney and Moray under direct royal authority.
6/1148, Empress Matilda returned to Normandy [never returning to England]; effectively ending the civil war in England.
1148, Scotland suffered a severe famine. [The Abbot of Melrose, Waltheof, step son of David I, miraculously fed 4,000 peasants who were camped around the abbey for 3 months.]
5/1149 at Carlisle, King David attempted to build an alliance to put Henry [II] on the throne of England. The alliance fell apart when Ranulph, earl of Chester, who attended the meeting, switched allegiance back to King Stephen.
5/22/1149 at Carlisle, King David knighted his nephew Henry fitz Empress [future King Henry II of England], and Roger, earl of Hereford. (S) Henry II, Hosler, 2007, P37.
1150, King David has given and granted a full toft in the burgh of Haddington to St Andrews Priory in perpetual alms.
1150, King David built a line of strategic castles in the north.
1150-6/12/1152, King David, with the assent of Earl Henry and Queen Matilda, has granted various gifts and privileges to Dunfermline Abbey.
6/15/1151, Pope Eugene III writes to King David noting that the church of York has not ceased its complaints about the bishops of his land and orders King David to compel them, if they are unwilling, to obey the church of York as their metropolis.
Aft. 6/12/1152, King David has granted, and by his charter established, to Whitby Abbey the alms that Alan de Percy and his brother, Geoffrey, gave.
1153, King David, grandfather of Malcom, eldest son of his son Henry, and now his heir, sent him on a tour of Scotland. Fergus escorted Malcolm in Galloway. (S) Hereditary Sheriffs of Galloway, Agnew, 1893, P60.
5/24/1153, King David died at Carlisle; buried in Dumferline abbey next to his father, mother and brothers.
(S) English Historical Documents, Douglas, 1996, P326. (S) Court, Household and Itinerary of King Henry II, Eyton, 1878. (S) People of Medieval Scotland. (S) Numistatic History of the Reign of Henry I, Andrew, 1901. (S) Gothic Kings of Britain, Potter, 2009, P135ff. (S) English Historical Review, V34, 1919.
Family notes:
·         King David established a feudal system in Scotland and introduced many novel ideas such as silver coinage, promoting education and giving audiences to rich and poor alike. Stirling, Perth and Dunfermline were made royal burghs which meant that they could engage in foreign trade. David also founded 15 religious houses.
·         It is likely that Earl David fought with King Henry at the battle of Tinchebrai in 1106.

Children of Simon and Matilda:
i. Maud de Saint Liz (159116049), born ~1094 in England.
ii. Simon de Saint Liz (486787858), born ~1097 in England.
Child of David and Maud:
i. Henry of Scotland (159916060), born 1114 in Scotland.