Thursday, March 7, 2013

G29: 318232092 Beaumont-Vermandois-Warenne


318232092. Earl Robert de Beaumont & 318232093. Isabel de Vermandois & 319832122. Earl William de Warenne

1046, Robert born in Normandy, s/o 636464184. Count Roger de Beaumont & 636464185. Adeline of Meulan. (S) FMG.
1055, Duke William, Roger de Beaumont, and ‘Robert son of Roger’ attested gifts to Marmoutier.
5/23/1059, Philip I crowned King of France.
By 1060, Duke William, the duke’s sons, Roger de Beaumont, and Robert son of Roger, attested a grant by the duke’s stepfather, Herluin of Conteville, to Grestain abbey.
1066, Robert knighted.
10/14/1066, Robert, son of Roger, accompanied William the Conquerer at the Battle of Hastings. He is credited with leading the 1st attack.
10/25/1066, in London at Westminster, William crowned King of England. Robert was awarded over 90 lordships for his efforts, mainly in Warwickshire and Leicestershire.
1067-77, Roger and son Robert attested a royal confirmation for St-Etienne, Caen.
1068, Robert accompained King William on his campaign north through Warwick into York.
~1070, William born in England, s/o 639664244. Earl William de Warenne I & 639664245. Gundred ?. [William, as a minor, was lodged at Lewes priory in England.]
1074, Roger and son Robert attested a royal grant in favor of the bishopric of Bayeux.
1078-81, Robert and his brother Henry attested royal charters to Cluny.
1079 at Caen, Normandy, Robert attested a royal charter of King William for St-Etienne.
1079-81, Roger de Beaumont and sons Robert and Henry attested a royal confirmation for Troarn.
By 1080, Isabel born in France, d/o 636464186. Hugh de France & 636464187. Adele of Vermandois.
4/12/1080, Roger de Beaumont and sons Robert and Henry present at King William’s Easter court in Normandy.
1080, ‘Willelmo et Reynaldo filiis et heredibus meis’ are named in the charter of ‘Willelmus de Warenna … Surreie comes.’ (S) FMG. [William and his brother Reginald.]
7/14/1080 at Caen, Normandy, Roger de Beaumont and sons ‘Robert of Beaumont’ and Henry attested a royal confirmation for Lessay.
10/15/1080, Count Hugh de Meulan, brother of Adeline of Meulan, died [as a monk at Bec] leaving his nephew Robert de Beaumont as Count of Meulan. Meulan was a vital strategic possession between the power of Normandy and Paris.
12/25/1081, Robert attended King Philip’s Christmas court in France. [This may be when Robert bought from the king of France ‘the castle called Meulan, which Hugh son of Waleran, his mother’s brother, had held.’ – as recorded by William of Malmesbury.]
1/6/1082, Robert, count of Meulan, witnessed a royal document of King Philip.
9/5/1082, Roger de Beaumont; Robert, count of Meulan, and Henry at the Norman court of King William.
1/13/1086, ‘Rogerius et filii mei Robertus et Henricus’ donated ‘decimam tocius Brotonie’ to Saint-Wandrille. (S) FMG.
1086, Robert held manors, mills and woods worth 254£ yearly: 5 manors in Leciestershire, 3 in Northamptonshire, 66 in Warwickshire. [10-11 of King William’s men were granted estates totalling £750 to 3050£ each. Robert’s father was granted estates worth 80£ in Gloucester and Dorset. Robert’s brother Henry held no lands in 1086.]
1087, Robert de Beaumont attended a court of Duke Robert Curthose.
9/26/1087, William Rufus crowned King of England; succeeding William the Conqueror. Duke Robert Curthose [the elder brother of the two] succeeded in Normandy.
6/24/1088, Earl William de Warrenne succeeded his father.
1088, Robert, count of Meulan, approached St. Anselm, abbot of Bec, and proposed that Anselm put his monks under his protection in return for gifts. [The 1st of many conflicts between them; Anselm politely refused, and convinced Duke Robert Curthose that Robert was trying to steal his abbey.]
1088-89, ‘Rogerus de Bellomonte’ founded la Sainte-Trinité de Beaumont-le-Roger, with the consent of ‘liberis meis Roberto comite Mellentensi et Henrico comite de Warwic.’ (S) FMG.
1088, Robert de Beaumont attended a court of Duke Robert Curthose.
1088, Duke Robert Curthose unsuccessfully attempted to overthrow his brother King William in England.
1088, Robert’s brother Henry rewarded in England with Robert’s Warwick estates, and created 1st Earl of Warwick, for his support to King William in supressing the revolt of Duke Robert.
1089, William, Earl Warenne, granted the priory of St Pancras, Lewes, Sussex, rights of pre-emption in wood, flesh and fish in the market at Lewes on three days in the week. (S) Gazetteer of Markets and Fairs.
1089, Robert de Beaumont attended a court of Duke Robert Curthose.
1089-91, Robert, count of Meulan, and Henry, earl of Warwick, both witnessed a royal charter in England.
4/21/1090, King William of England declared war on his brother Duke Robert of Normandy.
1090, William, earl Warren, gave 3 hides and half of land in Kyngeston to St. Pancrace. (S) Sussex Archaeological Collections, V29, 1879, P143.
1090, Robert succeeded his father as Seigneur de Beaumont-le-Roger, de Vieilles et de Pont-Audemer. [His father going into retirement as a monk at St-Pierre de Preaux. Robert also took conrol of Ivry.] (S) FMG.
1090, Robert imprisoned by Robert, duke of Normandy after challenging the exchange of Ivry for Brionne agreed by his father, the Duke confiscating Brionne. (S) FMG. [Robert was released after the intervention of his father, and Brionne was restored to his father after being recaptured with the help of Duke Robert Curthose.]
1/1091, William de Warenne in the service of Hugh de Grantmesnil fought the forces of Robert de Belleme and Duke Robert Curthose, older brother of future King Henry I, at Courcy, France.
2/1091, King William invaded Normandy and captured multiple lordships from his brother Duke Robert.
1091, Robert de Beaumont attended a court of Duke Robert Curthose.
1092, Rober de Beaumont change allegiance and became a member of the court of King William Rufus of England.
1093, William de Warenne was pledged to a Maud, d/o King Malcolm III of Scotland. [She was instead wed to future King Henry I, who was a cousin to William]
8/1093, Robert, count of Meuland, an advisor to King William [and to become a major player in the events surrounding the appointment and consecration of St. Anselm as archbiship of Canterbury the following December.]
11/29/1094, Robert and Henry’s father died. Robert inherited English holdings in Dorset and Gloucestershire; Henry inherited the barony of Annebecq in Southwestern Normandy.
[–––Robert & Isabel–––]
1096, Robert married to Isabel. [‘Hugo Crispeii comes’ married ‘Ysabel filiam suam’ to ‘Rodberto de Mellento comiti’ (S) FMG.
1097, Count Robert, a key advisor to King William, supported the king’s decision to exile Anselm, archbishop of Canterbury.
1098, William de Warren made a grant to his monastery at Bermondsey. (S) Old Southwark, Rendle, 1878, P6.
1099, Robert, count of Mellent, donated property to St Pierre, Préaux for the souls of his parents Roger de Bellomonte and Adelina his wife. (S) FMG.
1100 in Normandy, Ralph de Toesny was at war with Robert de Beaumont, count of Meulan, and William of Evreux.
1100 in England, William, ‘rogatu Willielmi Comitis Suyrey’ witnessed a grant of King Henry to Lewes priory.
8/2/1100, Robert de Beaumont was a member of the hunting party when King William Rufus died in his “hunting accident”.
8/5/1100, At his coronation King Henry I announced the “Charter of Liberties”.  Robert de Beaumont and his brother Henry both were present. [A quickly prepared coronation, 3 leading barons were absent: William, count of Mortain; Robert of Beleme; and William Warren; who together controlled large parts of England.]. (S) Conqueror’s Son, Lack, 2007, P139.
9/1100, Ralph de Toesny and William of Evreux at war with Robert de Beaumont, count of Meulan, invading Mellent. (S) History of Normandy, V4, Palgrave, 1864, P700.
11/1100, William de Warrene, earl of Surrey; Robert de Belleme, count of Ponthieu; and William, count of Mortain, assembled in England in support of Duke Roberts invasion of England. They were also allied with Henry, count of Eu; and Eustace, count of Boulogne.
6/1101, at Arundel, William de Warren witnessed the king’s charter to Otho fitz Otto, the Arifaber. [Minter of gold coins.]
7/20/1101, William de Warenne supported Duke Robert Curthose on his invasion of England, claiming his right to the throne over his brother Henry. Robert de Beaumont supported King Henry. [No battle occurred.]
8/1101, King Henry and Duke Robert of Normandy signed the treaty of Alton. Robert de Beaumont was the main advisor to King Henry. Henry got England, but gave up all lands in Normandy.
9/1101, Following a trip to London, King Henry and Duke Robert with William de Warren visited Sussex. William witnessed charters to Bath and Norwich.
11/1101, William de Warren returned to Normandy with Duke Robert, having lost the earldom of Surrey.
1102, Robert de Beaumont helped Eustace de Pacy and his wife Juliane [d/o King Henry] in their succession battle for the Breteuil inheritance.
1102-3, William de Warren witnessed the charter of Duke Robert Curthose to St. Stephen’s, Caen.
1103, Duke Robert again returned to England. Robert de Beaumont met with the Duke and warned him that he might be arrested for entering the kingdom with armed forces without King Henry’s permission. As part of a truce agreement, William de Warren’s English lands worth £1000 silver were restored, as well as his earldom.
3/1105, Robert de Beaumont and othe advisors of King Henry were threatened with excommunication by the pope. [Robert was the only advisor mentioned by name.]
9/1105, Anselm, Archbishop of Canterbury, who King Henry had exiled, wrote a letter to Robert de Beaumont saying “people are thinking and saying that the king is not very anxious to hasten my return to England.” [He was correct.]
9/23/1106, William de Warenne the commander of the 3rd division with King Henry I at the battle of Tinchebray against Duke Robert Curthose. Robert de Beaumont commanded the 2nd division. Ralph de Bayeux commanded the 1st division. Duke Robert was captured [and imprisoned for the rest of his life.]
4/1107 in England, Robert de Beaumont made 1st Earl of Leicester by King Henry I of England.
1107, Robert founded St. Mary in Leicester castle.
1107, King Henry granted Wakefield to William Earl Warren. (S) History – West-Riding of Yorkshire, White, 1837, P327.
1107-10 in England, William de Warren withnesses royal charters to St. Mary’s Bec, Northampton, Durham, Ely, and St. Peters, Ghent.
1108, William de Warrene with King Henry I captured the castle of Elias de St. Saens on the Varenne. William appointed castellan of St. Saens.
1108, William, Earl Warren, attested a charter fof King Henry changing the abbey of Ely into a bishop’s See. (S) History – Conventual & Cathedral Chruch, V3, Bentham, 1817, P42.
8/3/1108, Louis VI crowned King of France.
4/1109, Robert of Meulan involved in the growing conflict between King Henry of England and King Louis of France.
1109, Meulan pillaged by French Troops. Count Robert rebuilt the castle of Meulan on the right bank of the Sein on the bluffs above the Ile-de-Meulan.
1109, The monastery of St. Sepulchre founded by William, earl of Warren and Surrey. (S) Historical Description of Norfolk, Britton, 1810, P246.
Aft. 1109, Locenis, a town of Robert’s in Normandy, was sacked by King Louis VI of France. Robert built a new castle in which he founded the collegiate church of St. Nicholas.
1110, William de Warren received the French lands of William Clito, s/o Duke Robert Curthose. These lands were near his own family lands in Normandy.
1111, In retaliation for an attack in Meulan, Robert pillaged part of Paris, causing enough damage that the Ild-de-la-Cite required extensive rebuilding. (S) Who’s Who in British History, Dawson, 1998, P1063.
1112, Robert granted the manor of Chisenbury of Avon to Bec abbey.
3/7/1113, in Normandy, William de Warren witnesses the royal charter to the Holy Trinity, Savigny.
2/1114, Robert, count of Meulan, supported the new Bishop of York who did not want to profess allegiance to both the Pope and to the Archbishop of Canterbury.
9/13/1114, Robert, count of Meulan, witnessed a royal confirmation of a settlement between Hyde Abbey and the Bishop of Winchester. (S) Sussex Archaeological Collections, V41, 1898, P236.
9/1114–7/1115, Robert, count of Meulan, with King Henry I in Normandy.
 [–––William & Isabel–––]
~1115, William apparently “abducted” Isabel [likely with her blessing], who was over 30 years younger than her husband. [1 daughter born out-of-wedlock.]
3/7/1113, at Rouen, William de Warren witnesses the royal charter to the Holy Trinity, Tiron.
9/1115 in court in London, Robert asserted as an advisor to the king that the consecration of a Welsh bishop should by custom take place in the king’s chapel vs. Canterbury.
3/1116, Robert count of Meulan, William earl of Warenne, William the King’s chamberlain, and Nigel de Aubigny were sent by King Henry to tell Thurston, bishop of York, that he could do homage to the archbishop of Canterbury.
1116, King Henry granted the manor of Wakefield to William, earl of Warren and Surrey. (S) History of the County of York, V1, 1831, P452.
12/1116, Notification … that the king, … appointed to that office Robert bishop of Lincoln … being present with the magnates of the realm, namely Robert count of Meulan, Stephen count of Mortain, Richard earl of Chester, William de Warrene, Earl David the queen’s brother, Walter earl of Buckingham, Ranulf the chancellor, … William Peverel, Pain his brother, … Hugh de Gornai.
1117, Robert count of Meulan held the share of Leciester of Ivo de Grandesmil with the castellanship of  Leicester castle [by a contract from 15 years earlier], held his own share, and held the right to farm the king’s share. [And eventually  the family would control the share of Simon de Senlis through marriage of Robert’s daughter Isabel.]
6/5/1118, Robert de Beaumont, “1st statesman of Europe”, count of Meulan in France, lord of Beaumont in Normandy, and Earl of Leicester in England, died; according to Henry of Huntingdon after “a certain earl carried off the lady he had espoused, either by some intrigue or by force and stratagem”; buried at St-Pierre de Preaux with his father.
6/11/1118, Waleran de Beaumont and his brother Robert made wards of King Henry I. William de Warren, earl of Surrey, given custody during Robert’s minority.
1118, The Count of Evreux died. Many barons revolted against King Henry. Richard, earl of Chester, Ranulph de Meschines, Roger de Conches, William de Warren, and Nigel and William de Albini remained loyal to the King. (S) Constitutional History of England, Stubbs, 1880, P310.
8/20/1119, The battle of Bremule, France between King Henry I and King Louis VI of France. [The English winning: Orderic Vitalis … William the Chamberlain also tried to restrain Henry from a conflict, but William of Warenne and Roger of Bienfaite urged him on … Henry, king of England, came down into it with 500 knights … 3 earls, Henry of Eu, William of Warenne, and Walter Giffard.  Besides these Roger son of Richard …, William of Tancarville and William of Roumare, Nigel of Aubigny, and many more … William Clito, son of Robert duke of Normandy, armed himself there … in the battle of the 2 kings, in which about 900 knights were engaged, only 3 were killed … King Henry purchased the standard of King Louis for 20 marks of silver from the knight who had captured it … ]
1120, William de Warren bestowed the church of Duesberia on the priory of Lewes. (S) Bronte Country, 1888, P21.
11/25/1120, Many young English-Norman Nobles died at sea when the ‘White Ship’ sank; including the heir of King Henry.
6/1121, Confirmation charter for Merton priory, Surrey by King Henry; “I William de Warren, Earl of Surrey, was present and have consented.” [The 1st signer after the King, Queen, and bishops.] (S) Records of Merton Priory, Stephenson, 1898, P13.
1222, William earl Warren founded a Cluniac cell in the parish of Methwold at Slevesholm. (S) History of the Protestant Reformanion, V2, Cobbett, 1827.
1121-23, William de Warren witnessed royal charters to Bardney, Binham, and Plympton.
10/1123, William de Warren with King Henry in Normandy captured the castle of Brionne.
1124, William with King Henry at Rouen.
1125, William, earl of Surrey, … witnessed King Henry’s charter to the abbey of Radynge. (S) History and Antiquities, Man, 1816, P259.
1126, William with King Henry in Normandy.
1128, William with King Henry as he invaded France to draw the forces of the French king away from conflicts in Flanders between William Clito and Thierry of Alsace.
1130, Paid by the king’s writ to [William] the Earl of Warren by the sheriff: £9 for Danegeld, 60 marks of silver for 2 murders in the Hundred, 10 marks for one in Lewes, £12 7s 6d for murders the previous year and treasury pleas.
1130, William de Garenne donated property to St Faith, Longueville, witnessed by ‘Ysabel comitissa uxor comitis et Willelmo et Radulfo filii eorum.’ (S) FMG.
1/13/1131, in Normandy, William witnesses the royal charter to Fontevrault.
5/20/1131, in Normandy, William witnesses the Papal Bull to cluny.
7/1131,William returns with King Henry to England and witnessed a charter to Bec at Arques on the journey.
9/8/1131, William at the Northampton council witnesses charters to Salisbury and Dover, and grants his own charter to Lewes priory.
1132 at Marden, Sussex, Grant to the hospital of Falaise … attested by … William earl of Warren; the sewers Hugh Bigot, Humphrey de Bohun, …; Geoffrey ftiz-Pain, Miles of Gloucester, Pain fitz-John, … and Aubrey de Ver, at Marden.
1133-35, William accompanied King Henry in Normandy.
12/1/1135, William with King Henry I when he died  at the castle of Lions. William subsequently appointed Governor of Rouen and the district of Caux.
12/22/1135, Stephen crowned king of England.
4/1136 at Westminister, William was 3rd to sign King Stephen’s charter, right after the King and Queen.
[Undated] ‘W comes de Warenna et Isabella comitissa uxor mea necnon filii nostri Willelmus … et Radulfus’ donated property to Castle Acre Priory. (S) FMG.
[Undated] William, earl of Warren grants to the Monks of Lewes, for the souls of his father William, his mother Gundreda, and his brother Rainaldus six churches  …
8/1/1137, Louis VII succeeded as king of France.
5/11/1138, William, Earl of Surry, died; buried at Lewes priory. (S) FMG.
[Undated] William, Earl of Warren, and the Countess Isabel his mother, and Radulfus his brother, give to the Monks of Lewes the church of Chingestona.
(S) Sussex Archaeological Collections, V35, 1887, PP114-5. (S) Conqueror’s Son, lack, 2007. (S) Anselm of Bec and Robert of Meulan, Vaughn, 1987. (S) The Beaumont Twins, Crouch, 2008. (S) Numismatic Chronicle, Royal Numismatic Society, 1901.

Family notes:

·         Robert de Beaumont witnessed 23 or more charters of William the Conqueror.
·         Several document cite Isabel dying in 1131; but the undated charter cited above indicates she survived her 2nd husband. The charter of William before his death mentions his mother and father, but not Isabel.

Children of Robert and Isabel:
i. Isabel de Beaumont (378236701), born ~1096 in England.
ii. Auberic de Meulan (638797313), born ~1100 in Normandy.
ii. Robert de Beaumont (159116046), born 1104 in England. [twin]

Robert received the lands in England.

iii. Waleran de Beaumont (79959034), born 1104 in England. [twin]

William received the lands in Normandy, France.

Children of William and Isabel:
i. William de Warren III (189118242), born ~1115 in Surrey, England.
ii. Ada de Warenne (159916061), born ~1116 in England.
iii. Gundred de Warren (243393933), born ~1118 in England.
iv. Reginald de Warrenne (1947057156), born ~1120 in England.

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