Tuesday, April 30, 2013

G29: 378236428 Verdun-Salford


378236428. Bertram de Verdun & 378236428. Rohesia de Salford

~1140, Bertram born in England, s/o §Nicholas de Verdun & Laceline de Clinton, d/o §Geoffrey de Clinton.
12/19/1154, Henry II succeeded King Stephen of England.
1159, Bertram hier to his father.
1160, Bertram issued a charter witnessed by a member of the ‘de Aldithley’ family, of whom Bertram was their ‘overlord’. (S) House of Stanley, Stanley, 1998, P5.
Bertram 1st married to Maud, d/o Robert de Ferrers, Earl of Derby. [No children.]
12/9/1165, William the Lion, age 22, succeeded King Malcom IV of Scotland.
1166, Bertram de Verdon held 2 knight’s fees in chief. (S) Harleian Society, V103, 1951, P109.
11/1166 at Caen, Normandy, Bertram witnessed a royal confirmation to the Abbot of Mont St. Michel.
By 1167, Bertram de Verdun witnessed a deed by which Adam, abbot of Evesham, enfeoffs Simon, son of William de Coctune. (S) Journal of the British Arch. Assoc., V29, 1873, P369.
1169, Bertram, Sheriff of Warwickshire.
2/3/1170, Richard de Humez and Bertram de Verdon at Stamford, Northamptonshire on the King’s business.
1170-71, Warwick and Leicester. Bertram de Verdun renders his account; for 100 seams fo wheat sent to the army of Ireland, 8£ 6s 8d; 300 hogs, 20£; 3 handmills and 1 measure, 13d; 15 days pay for 1 master and 9 seamen, 13s 9d; ....
10/16/1171, Bertram, Seneschal to King Henry II, left with him for Waterford. [After the English Pope Adrian granted Ireland to King Henry, Henry landed at Waterford with 400 knights, 4000 men-at-arms, and 400 ships.]
11/1171, Bertram with King Henry holding court at Dublin.
1171-72, Warwick and Leicester:– Bertram de Verdun renders his account; … wheat sent into Ireland, … oats … beans … axes … hogs … pay of seamen … hire of ships … corn … carts to carry the apparel … 2 horses …
4/17/1172, Bertram with King Henry sailed from Wexford for South Wales.
1172, Bertram a Justice in Eyre.
4/1173, King Henry’s 3 eldest surviving sons: Henry, Richard & Geoffrey rebelled against him; supported by their mother. King Henry hired 20,000 mercenaries and quickly put down the rebellion.
1173, Bertram built his stone house at Alton.
1173-74, Bertram in the chronicle of Jordan Fantosme describing the war between the English and the Scots, and in particular an event at Leicester: “Lord Bertram de Verdun was there this day newly arrived, He had fine arms and a horse very fleet, From many he justed he the prize carried off.” (S) Chronicle …, 1840.
1174, Rich. Humet & Bertram de Verdun give land to build a church at Sanfordbridge. (S) Academia Tertia Anglicanna, Peck, 1727, P82.
10/11/1174 at Falaise, France, Bertram of Verdun witnessed treaties with the King of Scots. (S) Feudal Assessments, Keefe, 1983, P104.
12/8/1174 at Valognes, An agreement is formed between William, king of Scots, and Henry (II), king of the English, son of the Empress Matilda. King William becomes the liege man of the king against all men, for Scotland, … He also does homage and swears fealty to the King Henry, his son (i.e., Henry the young king), reserving the fealty due to his father the king … witnesses … Bertran de Verdun. (S) POMS.
1175, Bertram a member of the Curia Regis.
Bef. 6/1175, Bertram witnessed the gift of Weston by the King to Guy le Strange, sheriff of Shropshire.
7/9/1175, Pleas in Staffordshire held by William Basset, William fitz Ralph, and Bertram de Verdon before the King.
8/10/1175, at York, The King held Pleas of the Forest; ‘Placita et convencioues per Willielmum fil. Radulphi, Bertram de Verdon, et Willielmum Basset in curia Regis.’
1/1176 at Shrewsbury, Bertram witnessed a royal charter to Haughmond abbey.
1/1176, Bertram with William fitz Stephen and Turstan fitz Simon appointed as justices for Hereford, Gloucestershire, Shropshire, and Worcestershire.
4/4/1176, Bertram witnessed a royal charter confirming an agreement between William de Roumare and sisters Burgeise and Emma [sisters of William Bruere].
1176, Bertram de Verdun gave to the monks of Aulnay, near Bayeux, Normandy, the land of Chotes [Cotton near Croxden] for the foundation of the Cistercian abbey of the Valley of St. Mary. (S) Journal of the British Arch. Assoc., V21, 1865, P296.
1/1177 at the Great Council at Northampton, Bertram witnessed a royal confirmation to Thomas, son of Robert fitz Noel.
3/20/1177, at Marlborough, King Henry sent John Comyn, Bertram de Verdon, and Robert of Shrewsbury as ambassadors to Spain. [King Henry had previously in the month been an arbitrator in a case involving Spain.]
1178, Bertram assigned as a justice in eyre in Lincolnshire.
1179, Bertram assigned as a justice in eyre. [6 of the 8 from the previous year returned to justice in eyre appointments.] (S) Chronicle of the Reigns, Petersborough, 1867, P-LXXI.
4/1180, Bertram appointed to the office of sheriff of Warwickshire and Leicestershire. [13 newly appointed sheriffs had been justices in eyre.]
6/30/1180 at Caen, Normandy, Bertram de Verdon witnessed a royal charter to William de Humez of the office of Constabulariam, which his father Richard used to hold.
7/1180 at Rouen, Bertram witnessed a royal charter to Roger Barr.
8/1181, Bertram a witness to royal charters at Pontefract and Clipston.
12/1181 at Winchester, Bertram witnessed a royal charters to Godstow nunnery and Dureford abbey.
12/1182, Bertram of Verdun a member of the assizes of Christmas Court at Caen, France. (S) Feudal Assessments, Keefe, 1983, P104.
1183, Bertram crossed the channel on a king’s writ: ‘In passagio Johannis electi Ebroicensis et Bertami de Verdon 48s per breve Regis’.
12/1183 at Valonias, Bertram de Verdon witnessed a royal charter to St. Lo.
1184-85, Bertran de Verdun, Arnald de Barton for him, renders his account; paid for the passage into Ireland of the knights and attendents of John, the K.’s son, 34£.
4/1185, Charter of Prince John [Johannes filius Domini Regis Anglian et Dominus Hiberniae] to the Irish monastery of Saneta Maria de Valle Salutis witnessed by Hugh de Lacy, constable of Ireland; Bertran de Verdon, seneschal of Ireland, and Gilbert Vipard.
1185-86, Honor of Chester:– Bertram de Verdun, Adam de Almondelegh for him … for the passage of Ireland of 9 ships with men, of John the K’s son, and their harness, 23£ 5s 4d; … ship to carry supplies … passage to Ireland of William Cumin and his men … of William de Casineto, his associates, and 10 horses …
1185, Bertram replaced as sheriff of Warwick and Leicester by Michael Beler. (S) Topographical History – Leicester, Curtis, 1831, P-XXI.
1186-87, Honor of Chester:– Bertram de Verdun, Adam de Audeley for him, renders his account, for the passage of John de Courci into Ireland, 10£ 3s 4d … pay for 7 days for 13 archers whom Robert de Multhalt retained in the king’s service, 45s. 6d. …
6/14/1188 at Gaitinton, Bertram de Verdon present for a fine before the King between the abbot of Lilleshall and William de Boterell, and Ysabella his wife.
9/3/1189, Richard I succeeded King Henry II of England.
12/12/1189, Bertram with Richard departed on the 3rd Crusade. Richard commandeered ships and ordered them to Dover to move some of his forces to France. The fleet was then to move to Marsailles to meet up with the combined English and French troops.
7/1190, The English and French armies met at Lyons; where they learned that the German Emperor, leading his forces to the crusade, had died in an accident.
1191, The crusaders captured the city of Messina, Sicily, after they had refused to let the English ships land.
4/1191, 24 ships sank in a storm on the way to Cyprus.
6/5/1191, The crusaders set sail for Acre. [The French forces were already besieging the city. Seige engines were launching objects at walls, troops were trying to fill in the moat, and other troops were tunneling under the walls; but the various national groups were acting independently.]
7/1191, The crusaders captured Acre. Saladin’s city commander agreed to surrender for a ransom of 200,000 gold pieces, the release of 1500 christians, and the Muslim garrison to be given safe conduct. When Acre fell, Bertram appointed a joint Governor of the city. Many of the forces, especially the Germans, returned home.
9/5/1191, The crusaders defeated Saladin at the battle of Arsuf.
9/8/1191, The crusaders arrived a Jaffa to find it’s fortifications destroyed. [King Richard spent 3 months repairing the fortifications at Jaffa and along the road back to Acre.]
12/1191, The crusaders arrived at Beit Nuba, 12 miles from Jerusalem.
1/1192, The crusaders decided to return to Jaffa when they decided they could not begin a siege. They moved to Ascalon, on the coast south of Acre, and spent 4 months rebuilding its fortifications.
4/1192, The crusaders held an election for King of Jerusalem – won by Conrad de Montferrat. [Conrad was murdered soon afterwards in Tyre by members of the original Muslim “Assassins”, who had also attempted to kill Saladin.]
8/1/1192, The crusaders conducted a sea assault on Jaffa, which had been recaptured by Saladin.
8/4/1192, Saladin’s army attacked King Richard’s 80 knights, 400 archers, and a small force of lancers, camped outside the city walls.
8/25/1192, Bertram died at Jaffa; his sword, banner and armor were returned to England to Alton castle. [The Exchequer would later claim he owed £551 to the crown at his death; a dept which was even later cleared.]
5/27/1199, John succeeded King Richard I of England.
1216, Rohesia died.
(S) Cal. of Doc’s. Relating to Ireland, 1875. (S) Court, Household, and Itinerary of King Henry II, Eyton, 1878.
Family notes:
Bef. 1189, “Bertramus de Verdun” founded Croxden abbey, for the souls of “Normanni de Verdune patris mei et Lucelinæ matris meæ et Richardi de Humez qui me nutrivit” and for the salvation of “mea et Roehais uxoris meæ”, by undated charter, witnessed by “... Roberto de Verdun, Waltero de Canvile, …” (S) FMG.
Child of Bertram and Rohesia:
i. Nicholas de Verdon (189118214), born ~1170 in England. [3rd son]

Monday, April 29, 2013

G29: 378236416 FitzAlan-Say


378236416. William Fitz Alan & 378236417. Isabel de Say & 16886917. Christina ?

8/5/1100, Henry I crowned King of England.
~1105, William born in Breton, Normandy, s/o §Alan Fitz Flaald & Aveline de Hesding. (S) FMG.
1114, William’s father died; William inheriting 70 manors in various part of Shropshire, and others outside the county.
4/24/1124, David I crowned King of Scotland.
1/1127, Queen Adeliza, receiving the county of Salop from King Henry, granted the office of sheriff to William fitz Alan. (S) Antiquities of Shropshire, V1, 1854, P247. [Likely undersheriff to Pagan fitz John.]
~1130, Isabel born in England, heir & d/o §Helias de Say, Lord of Clun. (S) Cartulary of Lilleshall Abbey, Monasticon, V6, P262.
William 1st married Christiana, a kinswoman [niece] of Robert, Earl of Gloucester, half-brother to Empress Matilda. [No male surviving issue.]
12/22/1135, Stephen crowned king of England.
1136, William son and heir of Alan fitz Flaald witnessed a charter of King Stephen to Shrewsbury abbey.
1137, William fitz Alan became the sheriff of Shropshire after the death of Pagan fitz John. (S) Anglo-Norman Studies, 2007, P204.
By 1138, William FitzAlan founded the Augustinian priory of Haughmond, Shropshire. (S) FMG.
1138, William the sheriff of Shropshire. (S) FMG.
1138, William, Castellan of Shrewsbury.
5/1138, William, now a kinsman of Robert, Earl of Gloucester, held Shrewsbury castle for him in his rebellion against King Stephen.
8/1138, King Stephen prevailed against the town of Shrewsbury. William fled with his family and left the castle to others who were to surrender it to the King. [The holders of the castle did not surrender, and after a siege, several of those captured, including William’s uncle Arnulf de Hesdinge, were executed.]
1138, John le Strange witnessed a grant by William fitz Alan and his wife Christiana of land in Sheriff Hales to Haughmond church. (S) A Chronicle of the Early Le Stranges, Le Strange, 1916, P25.
2/1141, William, as described by a contemporary writer, fought at the battle of Lincoln on the side of the Empress “in no way inferior to the great Earls who supported her cause”. [King Stephen captured in the battle.]
7/1141 at Oxford, William fitz Alan and his brother Walter witnessed a charter of Empress Maud. (S) Antiquities of Shropshire, V7, Eyton, 1858, P287.
9/14/1141, William a member of Empress Matilda’s forces defeated at the battle of Winchester. [What had started as a siege of by the Matilda’s forces of the royal palace, ended with a siege of the royal castle by the king’s forces.] (S) King Stephen, King, 2011, P169. [Empress Matilda’s brother Robert, earl of Gloucester captured; exchanged for King Stephen the following November; Stephen again crowned King in December.]
Aft. 1141, William fitz Alan attested, with Robert de Dunstanville, Empress Matilda’s grant of Aston to Shrewsbury abbey. (S) Geoffrey de Mandeville, Round, 1892, P418.
1142-48, William spent much of the civil war on his wife’s estate at Keevil in Wiltshire; but also was in Bristol and other places controlled by the Empress. (S) Anglo-Norman Studies, 2007, P204.
10/1147, Empress Maltilda’s half-brother and leader of her forces, Robert, earl of Gloucester, died. [The same year many knights and nobles, including the husband of Empress Matilda, left on crusade; creating a lull in the civil war.]
6/1148, Empress Matilda returned to Normandy. [Matilda would never return to England; but her son Duke Henry would.]
1149, Madog ap Maredudd of Powys built a castle at Owestry because William fitz Alan did not have the forces to oppose him. (S) Struggle for Mastery, Carpenter, 2003, P186. [William, possibly at Bristol, was likely campaigning in support of Duke Henry who was attacking York.]
6/7/1153, William with Henry, Duke of Normandy [future King Henry II], at Leicester when the Duke confirmed his mother’s donations to Haughmond.
1153-4, William married Isabel, Baroness of Clun, the richest heiress in Shropshire. (S) FMG.
12/19/1154, Henry II succeeded King Stephen of England.
Summer/1155, To suppress the rebellion of Hugh de Mortimer, King Henry besieged Cleobury, Wigmore, and Bridgnorth. William a member of the siege forces.
7/7/1155 at Brug during the siege of Bridgnorth, William fitz Alan witnessed a royal charter to Shrewsbury abbey.
7/25/1155, William named by King Henry II as Sheriff of Shropshire; and had his estates restored; and on the same day granted Wroxeter church to Haughmond abbey. (S) Antiquities, V6, P73.
9/1156, ‘Wills fili Alani. Redd Comp.’ in Shropshire discharges his account of the ferm of the King’s demesnes of a sum of £3 11s 4d. (S) FMG.
1157, William, sheriff of Shropshire, supported King Henry’s invasion of Gwynedd, Wales with archers.
1157, William with King Henry II invaded Gwynedd; where the king was nearly killed by the forces of Owain at the battle of Ewloe.
1158, ‘Salopescira.’ Willelmus filius Alani reddit compotum de … in terris datis Johanni Extraneo [7£ 10s] …’, associated with the manor of Ness.
By 1158, William gave the land of ‘Piperinges’ to Haughmond abbey, adding to grants as had been made by ‘his mother Avelina.’
4/1158 at Newnham, Gloucestershire, William witnessed a royal charter to Haughmond abbey, Shropshire.
By 1159, William fitz Alan gave his consent for his knight Gerold de Brelecton to make a land gift to Buildwas abbey. (S) Collections – Staffordshire, V1, 1880, P215.
9/1159, William fitz Alan associated with a payment of £7 10s for the manor of Ness.
4/1160, William died; buried in Shrewesbury abbey. [William gave lands ‘together with his body’ to Shrewsbury abbey; attested by 4 ecclesiastics and 12 laymen including Guy le Strange of Alveley and John le Strange of Cheswardine.]
By 1165, Isabel married 2nd Geoffrey de Vere; gaining possession of Clun and Ruthin castles.
7/1165, Geoffrey de Vere, sheriff of Shropshire, and stepfather of William fitz Alan, Baron of Clun and Owestry.
1170, Geoffrey died.
Bef. 1188, Isabel married 3rd William Boterel.
6/14/1188 at Gaitinton, a fine was levied before King Henry between the Abbot of Lilleshall, and William de Boterell and Ysabella his wife.
~1199, Isabel died.
(S) Antiquities of Shropshire, V7, Eyton, 1858. (S) Court, Household and Itinerary of King Henry II, Eyton, 1878. (S) Lestrange Records, LeStrange, 1916.
Family notes:
·         Undated: William Fitz Alan donated the fishery of Upton-upon-Severn to Haughmond abbey by undated charter, witnessed by ‘Walter his brother, Christiana his wife’. (S) FMG.
·         Undated: ‘William Fitz-Alan with his wife, Dame Christiana, give to God and to the church of St. John of Hamon, … for the remission of the grantors’ sins and the souls’ redemption of their parents and ancestors, and especially for the soul of their son Alan, whose body they had bestowed in burial there [Haughmond].’
·         1161, John le Strange, for the soul of his lord, William Fitz-Alan, son of Alan Fitz-Flaald, gave lands in Iselham to Shrewsbury abbey. (S) Collections – Montgomeryshire, V14, 1881, P288.
·         William’s brother, Walter fitz Alan [died 1177 – ancestor of the House of Stewart]: Walter, son of Alan, was the third son of Alan, son of Flaald. Walter entered the service of David I around 1136 and by the end of his reign, he had become High Steward, an office which was to become hereditary. In later generations, Walter’s descendents would adopt this title as their surname: ‘Stewart’. Walter married Eschina and they had a son, Alan [died 1204], who served as steward to William I. (S) POMS.

Child of William and Christina:
i. Christina FitzAlan (378236416), born ~1153 in England.
Child of William and Isabel:
i. William II FitzAlan (189118208), born ~1155 in England.

Sunday, April 28, 2013

G29: 378254212 FitzPeter-Cauz


378254212. Adam fitz Peter & 378254213. Maud de Cauz

~1160, Matilda d/o §Robert de Cauz & Sybil Basset.
1186, Matilda’s father died.
1194, Adam fitz Peter had a duel [likely by proxy] with Simon de Lascelles over 24 carcuates of land at Birkin. Adam was victorius. (S) Thoresby Society, V9, 1899, P49.
5/27/1199, John succeeded King Richard I of England.
1207, Adam fitz Peter de Birkin died.
10/28/1216, Henry III, age 9, crowned king of England.
1221, Matilda gave 700£ for seisin of her paternal lands.
1223, Matila married 2nd Ralph fitz Stephen, being dowered with Winterburn in Gloucestershire.
Bef. 5/25/1224, Matilda died.
(S) Miscellanea of Thoresby Society, V41, 1954.
Family notes:
·         Constance de Cauz, sister of Matilda, married Adam’s brother Thomas fitz Peter de Leeds.
·         Robert de Caux [died 1186] s/o Robert de Caux [died 1131] & Anneis ?; s/o Geoffrey Aselin [died 1108-09].
·         Adam fitz Peter aka: “Adam de Falthwaite” and “Adam fitz Peter fitz Asolf”, in early charters; “Adam fitz Peter de Birkin” in later charters.
·         Adam de Birkin appears in many charters, the earliest, after 1131, as a witness [as Adam s/o Peter fitz Essolf] to the founding of the Drax by William Paganell.

Child of Adam and Maud:
i. John de Birkin (189127106), born ~1180 in England.

Saturday, April 27, 2013

G29: 378220994 Champagne-Carinthia


378220994. Count Thibaut II of Champagne & 378220995. Matilda of Carinthia

1090, Thibaut born in Blois, France, s/o 319838530. Earl Stephen of Blois & 756441989. Adela of Normandy.
Matilda von Sponheim, born in Carinthia, d/o §Duke Engelbert of Carinthia.
8/5/1100, Henry I crowned King of England.
1100-01, Charte de Comte Hugues: “… These witnesses are: … Adela, countess and daughter of the king of the English, and her three sons, William, Thibaut, and Stephen …”
5/19/1102, On the death of his father, Thibaut succeeded as Count of Champagne.
1106, Thibaut’s younger brother Stephen sent to be educated at the English court of his uncle King Henry I. [Thibaut was apparently raised by his uncle Hugh of Troyes.]
1107, Thibaut became of age and participated in the governance of Blois.
1108, Hugh le Puiset attacked Adela’s lands. Adela and her son Theobald traveled to Paris to seek support of King Philip. [Hugh was defeated by their joint forces.]
8/3/1108, Louis VI crowned King of France.
1109, Countess Adela resigned her regency in favor of her son Theobald.
1109, King Louis VI supported by Theobald of Blois and the Count of Anjou in a border conflict with King Henry of England, Duke of Normandy. (S) Oxford Encyclopedia of Medieval Warfare, V1, 2010, P525.
Bef. 9/14/1110, By charter, Adela of Blois had relinquished certain rights over to the abbey of Bonneval. [Adela’s sons Theobald and Stephen both consented to the grant.] (S) Social Origins of Medieval Institutions, O’Callaghan, 1998, P275.
1111 at Etampes, Count Theobald witnessed King Louis’ charter in favor of the monks of Staint-Jean-en-Vallee.
3/12/1111, Thibaut of Blois headed a delegation to a royal council at Melun to ask King Louis VI to suppress the attacks by Hugh le Puiset, referred to as “a mad dog”. [King Louis launched a campaign against Hugh.]
1111, Count Theobald in an open alliance with his maternal uncle King Henry of England. [Theobald was conflict with King Louis over the unauthorized construction of his castel at Allaines.]
1112, Exercising his power, King Louis VI forbid Theobald, Count of Blois to build new castles without his consent.
1112, Theobald of Blois and Hugh le Puiset, recently released by King Louis from prison, joined in opposition to King Louis.
1112, King Louis defeated in battle near le Puiset [50 miles south of Paris] by Theobald of Blois and Hugh le Puiset.
1113, Thobald and Rotrou the Great fought together at Belleme.
2/2/1113, Theobald and his brother Stephen with King Henry I on his visit to the abbey of Saint-Evroul.
3/1113, King Louis had to yield Maine and Brittany by treaty [near Gisors] to England after Theobald of Blois and a coalition of barons supported King Henry [who were the three signatories.]
1114, Theobald and his brother Stephen visited Crowland abbey in England to meet with their former tutor Geoffrey of Orleans, now the abbot.
1114, International fairs were held at Bar-sur-Aibe and at Troyes in Champagne.
1114, Multiple ‘optimates’ gave Theobald council.
1115, Thibaut, count of Blois and Chartres, founded 2 priories. (S) Mores Catholici, Digby, 1840, P9. [One priory was the 3rd daughter house at Clairvaulx of Cisteaux.]
1116, Theobald captured William II, count of Nevers, brother-in-law to William, count of Evreux.
4/2/1116, King Henry of England crossed to Normandy to support Theobald who was under pressure from King Louis VI to release William, count of Evreux. (S) Robert Curthose, Aird, 2011, P256.
1117, King Henry sought alliances with Theobald of Blois, and the count of the Bretons, against an alliance of Count Baldwin VII, King Louis VI, and Fulk of Anjou.
1118, Preuilly, in the diocese of Sens, founded by Adela of Normandy and her son Theobald. (S) Cistercians in the Middle Ages, Burton, 2011, P25.
1118, Theobald held court at Chartres where he made a grant to the abbey of Bonneval.
1118, King Louis defeated Theobald and Hugh le Puiset at the battle of Janville. Theobald was wounded and retreated. Hugh’s castle of le Puiset was destroyed and its wells filled. [Hugh went on pilgrimage to the Holy Land where he died.]
1118, At the battle of Alencon, Theobald was wounded in the forehead by an arrow, and Fulk V of Anjou took the town. (S) The Capetians, Bradbury, 2007, P142.
11/1118, At the battle of L’Aigle, Normandy, Theobald captured by the garrison. King Henry and Count Stephen brought a force of knights and rescued Theobald.
1119, “I Adela, countess of Blois, and Thibaut, my son, …, that we have granted our fair of Sezanne, which is on the feast of St. Nicholas, completely to clothing the poor monks of Christ of the church of St. Mary of Molesme …”
6/1119, King Henry, with Stephen of Blois, attacked Amaury de Montfort at Evreux. They burnt the city, but Amaury was able to hold out in the citadel. Amaury kept possession the castle of Evreux, a truce having been negotiated by Theobald. (S) Henry I, Green, 2006, P153.
1119, Theobald released William II, count of Nevers after holding him prisoner for 4 years. (S) Life of Blessed Bernard of Tiron, Grossus, 2009, P77.
12/25/1120, King Henry was at Brampton near Huntingdon for Christmas. Theobald, count of Blois, was with him. (S) English Historical Review, V34, 1919, P514.
1/1121, Counts Theobald and Stephen at King Henry’s Epiphany court at Brampton, to which all the bishops of England were summoned. (S) Chronicle of John of Worcester, 1998, P149.
1/29/1121 at Windsor castle, King Henry married Adeliza de Louvain. Counts Theobald and Stephen were present.
1121-2, Thobald founded a family foundation at l’Aumone (Loir-et-Cher).

[–––Thibaut & Matilda–––]

1123, Thibaut married to Matilda.
1124, Hugh, Thibaut’s uncle, count of Bar-sur-Aube [Troyes], disinherited his son Eudes, gave his titles and lands to Thibaut, and joined the Templar knights [at the time consisting of about a dozen knights.]
1125, Thibaut’s mother retired to the convent of Marcigney, leaving Thibaut to administer the family estates.
1125, Thibaut received 3 counties in Champagne from his uncle Count Hugues. These strategic lands on either side of King Louis VI posed a threat to the Capetians.
1126, Theobald’s and Stephen’s brother Henry appointed abbot of Glastonbury [the richest monastery in England] by King Henry. [The brothers the nephews of King Henry.]
1126, Countess Matilda began to accompany Thibaut on his travels.
1127, Bernard de Clairvaux urged Thibaut to do homage to the bishop of Langres for Bar-sur-Aube. (S) Saint Bernard of Clairvaux, Williams, 1935, P191.
3/28/1128, Thibaut present with Bernard de Clairvaux when Anolz [aunt of Bernard] too the veil.
1128, Thibaud, son of Adela, at her urging, remitted the St. Martin prebends into the hands of the successor of Ivo of Chartres. (S) Proceedings of the Battle Conference, 1991, P144.
1129, Henry, abbot of Glastonbury, and brother of Theobald and Stephen, created Bishop of Winchester [and still holding the abbey of Glastonbury – making him one of the richest men in England.]
1129-30, In England, Merchants from Provins, of Count Theobald, had their tolls remitted.
1130, Fairs in Champagne became international.
1130, Adela, countess of Blois, wrote a letter to her son Theobald, count of Blois. (S) Letters of Medieval Women, Sutton, 2002, P-IV.
9/1134, A fire ravaged Thibault’s town of Chartres, damaging the hospital and church.
11/1135, Thibaut appointed guardian of Prince Louis VII when King Louis was suffering a long illness.
12/1/1135, Thibault’s uncle, King Henry I of England died; Thibault was proposed by some as the new king.
12/21/1135 at Lisieux, Theobald met with Robert, earl of Gloucester [s/o King Henry] and other Norman barons to discuss succession in England. [In the mean time Theobald’s younger brother Stephen had already raced to England to claim the crown.]
12/22/1135, Stephen crowned king of England.
12/22/1135, Theobald received a messenger that said his brother Stephen had been selected King. [The actual crowning in London took place on this date; younger brother Henry being a major player in arranging the coronation. King Stephen and Empress Matilda, d/o King Henry I, would be at war in England for many years because Stephen usurped her throne.]
1136, Brothers Walern, count of Meulan, and Robert, earl of Leicester, hired Theobald, count of Blois for 100 marks. (S) Place of War in English History, Prestwich, 2004, P64.
6/1136, Theobald, count of Blois, began to prosecute the war against Roger de Tosny. (S) Reign of King Stephen, Longman, 2000, P61.
6/1137, Thibaut one of the nobles who escorted Eleanor of Aquitaine to her wedding in Bordeaux to King Louis VII.
1137, Thibaut met with his brother King Stephen of England in Evreux. King Stephen offered Theobald an annual pension of 2000 silver marks and agreed to fight against the Angevins. (S) Boulogne and Politica in Northern France, Tanner, 2004, P207.
1137, Thibaut’s charter for Provins established the model for protection and regulation of foreign merchants.
8/1/1137, Louis VII succeeded as king of France. [Through building and conflict, Thibaut expanded his lands such that they encircled the royal domain of France.]
1138, Thibaut refused to accompany King Louis VII against a revolt in Poitiers [Poitiers property of the Queen, not the King.]
4/1140, The joint forces of Thibaut and King Louis VII suppressed a revolt at Rheims.
6/1140, King Stephen gave his brother Theobald the town of Maldon, Essex.
9/1140, Theobald visited by his brother Henry of Winchester, now a papal legate, to discuss peace in England.
1141, Theobald did not oppose Geoffrey of Anjou’s claim to Normandy in return for a promise that the city of Tours would be restored to his family. [Geoffrey would finally conquer Normandy in 1144 with the capture of Rouen.]
By 7/1141, Theobald was in forfeit of all of his English lands. (S) Conquered England, Garnett, 2007, P246.
1142, Thibault’s sister Eleanor put away by her husband Count Raoul of Vermandois so that he could marry the sister of the Queen of France. (S) She-Wolves, Castor, 2011, P141.
1142, King Louis excommunicated by Pope Innocent II for approving the marriage of Count Raoul of Vermandois.
1142, King Louis VII in a war with Thibaut, who had the legal and moral high ground over the divorce.
1/1143, King Louis led the assault on the Champagne town of Vitre-sur-Marne, where more than a thousand people died in the fires. Louis was invading in support of Count Ralph of Vermandois, seneschal of France.
1143, Thibaut did homage to the duke of Burgundy, recognizing the county of Troyes in fief from the duke.
1143, Abbot Bernard of Clairvaux mediated an agreement between King Louis and Count Thibaut II of Champagne. [Bernard, one of the most well known spiritual leaders of the time, had been highly critical of Louis’ campaign.]
4/1145, Through the intervention of Queen Eleanor, Thibaut and Louis VII made peace.
1146, “I, Thibaut, count of Blois, make known … that Josbert of La Ferte-sur-Aube, about to go to Jerusalem, has given … I and my son Henry have approve this donation, since the property is in fief from me, …” (S) Fuedal Society, Evergates, 1993, P109.
1147, “I, Thibaut, Count of Blois … do wish that the tavern keepers of Chartres who were accustomed once a year at a certain time to dine together, … ask them to denounce it … and yearly give 30 sous to assist the brothers of the Leprosarium of Grand-Beaulieu … they hold their offices from me … let not any dispurt rise up over this thing …” (S) Bread, Wine, and Money:, Williams, 1993, P78.
1148-9, Count Thibaut received a letter from King Louis VII extolling the virtures of his son Henry and of his loyal service on the King’s crusade.
1150-1, Theobald knighted Empress Matilda’s 2nd son Geoffrey.
1/8/1152, Thibaut IV, count of Blois, died. (S) Priory of Hexham, Raine, 1863, P165.
(S) Medieval France: An Encyclopedia, Kibler, 1995. (S) The Aristocracy of the County of Champagne, Evergates, 2007. (S) The Capetians, Bradbury, 2007, P136. (S) King Stephen, King, 2011. (S) Power and Border Lordship, Thompson, 2002.

Children of Thibaut and Matilda:
i. Henry the Liberal (94555184), born 1126 in Blois.
ii. Marie of Blois (756501361), born 1128 in Blois. [1st of 6 daughters.]
iii. Thibaut V of Blois, born ? in Blois.

1152, Thibaut attempted [unsuccessfully] to capture divorced Eleanor of Aquitaince, who had just left her husband King Louis VII in Paris.
1154, Thibaut de Blois appointed seneschal of the royal household of King Louis of France.
1159, Thibaut assigned by King Henry II to defend Normandy as he marched south into Toulouse.
12/31/1164, King Louis, with his steward Comte Theobald of Blois, attended the mass of Pope Alexander in the church of St. Columba at Sens.
7/22/1174, King Louis with Philip, comte of Flanders; Hugh, duke of Burgundy; Theobald, comte of Blois; and Henry, comte of Champagne, laid siege to Rouen.
9/21/1177, Near Ivri, King Henry of England and King Louis of France meet and both swear to take the cross. Present were …, Henry the young King, Theobald Comte of Blois, …. (S) Court, Household and Itinerary of King Henry II, Eyton, 1878, P219.

iv. Agnes de Blois (94555225), born ~1140 in Blois.
v. Adela of Champagne (189110497), born ~1142 in Blois.

Friday, April 26, 2013

G29: 378220818 Namur-Luxembourg


378220818. Godfrey, compte de Namur & 378220819. Ermesinde, Ctss de Luxembourg

Aft. 1065, Godfrey born in Namur, s/o §Albert III de Namur & Ida von Sachsen.
By 1080, Gottfried named in a document.
1087, Emperor Henry IV became Duke of Lower Lorraine, which included Namur.
1087, Godfrey married to Sibylle de Porcien, d/o Count Roger of Château-Porcéan .
1097, Godfrey,  Comte de Château-Porcien, by right of his first wife.
1099, Emperor Henry IV gave the county of Brunegeruz to Albert III, count of Namur.
Ermesinde, born in Luxembourg, d/o §Conrad I, comte de Luxemburg & Clemence ?.
Ermesinde 1st married Albert II Graf von Dagsbug.
6/1/1101, ‘Heinricus … tertius Romanorum imperator augustus" confirmed the foundation of St Jakob, Liège by ‘Albertus comes Nammucensium filiis [suis] Godefrido, Heinrico, Alberto.’
6/22/1102, Godefroi succeeded his father as Comte de Namur.
7/31/1102, Godfrey’s mother died.
1104, Godfrey, count of Namur, fought in Lotharingia. (S) Luxemburg  in the Middle Ages, P86.
1104, Godfrey divorced his first wife on grounds of an illicit relationship with Enguerrand de Boves, Comte d’Amiens, Sire de Coucy.
Albert II Graf von Dagsbug died.
3/22/1106, The communal army of Liege accompanied Duke Henry of Limbourg and Godfrey of Namur  met and defeated 300 German knights near the bridge at Vise. (S) Art of Warfare, Verbruggen, 1997, P154. [They were defending Emperor Henry IV who was under attack by his son Henry V.]
1109, Godfrey married Erminsinde.
1110, Godfrey, count of Namur, built a fortress on the side of a hill above the town of Bouvignes. (S) Penny Cyclopaedia, V5, 1836, P291.
4/23/1119, Frederic of Namur, younger brother of Godfrey, appointed Bishop of Liege by Pope Calixtus II. (S) Calixtus the Second, Stroll, 2004, P191.
11/27/1121, ‘Godefridus comes Namurcensis et Ermensendis comitissa’ founded the abbey of Floreffe, with consent of ‘Adelberto, Henrico, Clementia, Beatrice, Adelaide’.
1124, Ermensendis comitissa Namucensis’ confirmed the donation of property to the church of Verdun Sainte-Vanne by ‘senioris mei comitis Alberti’.
1/7/1125, ‘Godefridus comes Namucensis et Ermensindis comitissa’ made a donation to the abbey of Floreffe with the consent of ‘filiis suis Alberto et Heinrico’.
9/13/1125, Lothair III of Supplinburg crowned King of Germany.
6/13/1128, Godfrey named in a document of Lothair III at Aix-la-Chapelle. (S) Ancestry of Thomas Bradbury, Threlfall, 1988.
6/17/1129, Ermensinde’s parentage confirmed in a charter of Meginher, archbishop of Trier, confirming the foundation of Kloster Schiffenberg by ‘Clementia … comitissa’ with the consent of ‘filii sui Willehelmi et filie Irmesindis’.
1130, ‘Ermensendis comitissa de Muhalt, quæ uxor … comitis Alberti’ founded the monastery of Saint-Victor, Huy.
1130, Godfrey and Ermesinde, who had founded a Cistercian house on the Sambre, near Namur; had Pope Innocent II consecrate the church. (S) Life of St. Juliana of Cornillon, Bradbury, 1873, P171.
3/1131 at Liege, Godfrey with King Lothair when he met with Holy Roman Emperor Henry V. (S) Ancestry of Thomas Bradbury, Threlfall, 1988.
1131, ‘Ducem Godefridum seniorem eiusque filium … Godefridum iuniorem’ donated property to Gembloux.
1131 in Namur, Pope Innocent II consecrated the main altar of the church of the abbey of Geronsart.
6/4/1133, Lothair III of Germany became Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire.
1136, Erminsinde heiress to her nephew, Conrad II, comte de Luxemburg, of all the fiefs and half the allods. [The other half of the allods went to Conrad’s sister, who could not inherit because feminine succession was not recognized.]
1137, ‘Comitissa de Musal Ermensendis cum viro suo Namucensi comite Godefrido’ donated property to Flone.
1137, Godfrey of Namur at war with Godfrey I of Brabant. [Gilles of Chin, called ‘the most virtuous in arms of all knights living’, a knight of Hainaut, died in a battle of this war.]
8/19/1139, Godrey died.
6/26/1141, Erminsinde died.
(S) Foundation for Medieval Genealogy. (S) Chrinicle of Hainaut, Mons, 2005.
Family notes:
·         Clemence, widow of Conrad I, comte de Luxemburg, married 2nd Gerhard I, count of Geldern, and had Yolende of Gueldre, wife of Baldwin III Count of Hainaut.  Yolende and Erminsinde were half sisters, respectively mothers of Baldwin IV of Hainaut & Alix of Namur.
·         Namur is a municipality in southern Belgium.

Children of Godfrey and Sibylle:
i. Elisabeth de Namur, born ? in Namur.

Elisabeth married 1st Gervais, comte de Rethel [died 1124.]
Bef. 1131, Elisabeth married 2nd Clarembaldus de Roseto, lord of Rozoy-sur-Serre.

ii. Flandrine de Namur, born ? in Namur.

Flandrine married Hugh of Espinoy.

Children of Godfrey and Ermesinde:
i. Albert de Namur, born aft. 1109 in Namur.

1125-1136, Albert died.

ii. Henri L’Aveugle (47277610), born 1111 in Namur.
iii. Clemence de Namur, born ? in Namur.

1130, Clemence married Konrad Herzog von Zahringen, s/o Berthod II Herzog von Zahringen [a duke of Swabia] & Agnes von Rheinfelden.
1/8/1152, Konrad died.
12/28/1158, Clemence died.

iv. Beatrix de Namur, born ? in Namur.

Beatrix married Ithier, comte de Rethel, s/o Eudes de Vitry, comte de Rethel.
1160, Beatrice died.

v. Alix of Namur (189110409), born ~1120 in Namur.

Thursday, April 25, 2013

G29: 378220862 Boulogne-Scotland


378220862. Eustace III of Boulogne & 378220863. Mary of Scotland

~1060, Eustace born in Boulogne, s/o 756441724. Eustace II of Boulogne & 756441725. Ida of Lotharingia.
9/1066, Eustace given as a hostage at Rouen by his father during the invasion of England.
1087, Eustace and his father witnessed a grant to Bec by William of Breteuil.
1087, Eustace succeeded his father as Comte de Boulogne et de Lens.
9/26/1087, William Rufus crowned King of England; succeeding William the Conqueror. His elder brother Robert became Duke of Normandy.
1088, Eustace, with Bishop Odo of Bayeux and Robert of Belleme supported the succession of Duke Robert over his brother William in England. Eustace forfeited the Honour of Boulogne and was exiled by King William.
1088, Eustace and Robert of Belleme crossed to England and held the castle of Rochester against King William; but did not receive support and had to surrender.
~1090, Mary of Scotland d/o 378220550. King Malcolm III of Scotland & 378220551. Saint Margaret. [Mary educated in England by the nuns at Wilton.] (S) King Stephen, King, 2010, P103.
1091, Eustace with his allies Guy, count of Ponthieu, and Hugh I, count of St. Pol witnessed an act of Abbot Lambert.
1091, Eustace attended the Flemish court in a case involving the abbey of St. Bertin.
2/1092, Eustace attested the charter of Duke Robert to the abbey of Bec.
1096 at the Flemish court, Eustace present at a lawsuit concerning St. Bertin with Robert II, count of Flanders.
1096, Eustace issued his 1st charter, witnessed by his brother Baldwin.
9/1096, Eustace attended the crusade with his brothers Godfrey of Bouillon, duke of Lower Lotharingia, and Baldwin of Boulogne as a member of the retinue of Robert II, count of Flanders.
4/1097, The crusaders sailed from Brindisi to Durazzo; then overland by the Via Egnatia road to Constantinople. [Albert of Aix records the arrival in Constantinople of ‘Robertus Normannorum comes, Stephanus Blesensis, Eustachius frater prædicti Ducis.’]
6/1097, The crusaders reached Nicea, joining a siege in process, while be harrassed by mounted archers of Kilij Arslan [who’s wife was in the city]. In a poem about the battle: “Look you! Count Eustace, who was of Boulogne, And goes to strike a Turk with a Viennese lance, With the length of his full lance he strikes him dead in the joncois.’ (S) The Crusades, Semaan, 2003, P88.
6/30/1097, Half the forces a day ahead of the other half encamped in a valley near Dorylaeum in Aisa Minor. The next morning they were attacked by archers of Kilij Arslan. Forming a defensive perimeter, they held off the attack until the Moslems were suprised by the arrival of the 2nd half of the force and had to flee, leaving behind horses and camels, as well as treasure. They then moved south.
8/1097, The crusaders reached Iconium in Asia Minor, closely populated by Armenian Christians.
8/1097, Traveling east, the crusaders engaged Seljuks at Heraclea, easily winning the city. The crusaders then divided their forces again, one part taking the Roman road that went shortest distance, but required difficult mountainous conditions; the other taking a longer, safer route, that could encounter early snowfalls.
1097, Leaving Caesarea, they traveled through the mountains capturing small towns including Coxon. [From a letter of Stephen of Blois: “… we conquered for the Lord all Romania and afterwards Cappadocia. And we learned that there was a certain Turkish prince Assam, dwelling in Cappadocia; thither we directed our course. All his castles we conquered by force and compelled him to flee to a certain very strong castle situated on a high rock …”] Clearing the Taurus mountains, they arrived at Antioch [which Stephen of Blois said of it: “a very great city, stronger than one can imagine, and utterly impregnable.”]
10/1097 at Antioch, the crusaders 1st captured the Iron Bridge to seal access from the east.
12/1097-2/1098, Cold and rain prevented much activity. [A chronicler noted that by February, as many had died of sickness as had died in battle.]
6/3/1098, In a swift assualt through gates opened by crusaders that had scaled the walls at night, Antioch fell. The next day they were attacked by a Moslem army of Kerbogha, who laid siege to the city. [During this time they discovered the lance that was used to pierce the side of Jesus – which they saw as divine intervention on their part.]
6/28/1098, The crusaders went on the offensive and attacked, driving off the disorganized opposition.
1/13/1099, The crusaders started towards Tripoli [leaving there May 16th], and then to Jerusalem.
6/7/1099, The main army came in sight of Jerusalem.
7/8/1099, The crusaders captured Jerusalem. [Describing the moments before the walls were breached, Robert the Monk equated Eustace and his brothers to lions. Godfrey, brother of Eustace, elected the 1st ruler of Jerusalem, not accepting the use of ‘King’ in his title.]
8/12/1099, Eustace fought at the battle of Ascalon.
1100, Eustace returned from the crusade.
7/18/1100, Eustace’s brother Godfrey died.
12/25/1100, Eustace on his return trip, stopping at Liege, renounced his claims on the castle of Bouillon.
1100, Eustace confirmed gifts of his mother Ida, and made a grant to Capelle of relics from the crusade.
8/5/1100, Henry I crowned King of England.
12/25/1100, Eustace’s brother Baldwin crowned the 1st King of Jerusalem [in Bethlehem.]
3/10/1101, In an agreement between King Henry I of England and Robert II of Flanders, Eustace is exempted from the terms of the agreement.
1101, Eustace and King Henry I of England reconciled when Henry restored the Honour of Boulogne to Eustace [Henry needed allies since he was expecting an invasion of England by his brother Robert, duke of Normandy, which occurred the next August.]
1101, Eustace, with the consent of King Henry, restored Cripplegate to St. Martin’s le Grand.
9/3/1101, The King [Henry I of England] grants to Bishop Herbert … ‘Nomina primatum et principum:’ Robert count of Ponthieu, Stephen count of Brittany, Robert count of Meulan, Eustace count of Boulogne, Henry earl of Warwick, Simon earl of Northampton, William earl of Warren, William count of Mortain, Count Rogert the Poitevin, Eudes the sewer, Hamon the sewer, William the butler, Richard de Retvers, Robert fitz Hamon, Alan fitz-Flaad, Gilbert Fitz-Richard, Robert Malet, Roger fitz-Richard.
1102, Eustace married Mary. [Florence of Worcester records that Henry I King of England arranged the marriage of ‘Mariam reginæ sororem’ and ‘Eustatio Bononensium comiti’.]
1103-05, Eustace witnessed a grant of King Henry I to St. Peters.
1104, Eustace and Bishop Lambert of Arras reached an agreement, through mediation of Pope Pascal II, over the restoration of 10 altars in the Arras diocese.
8/1104, Eustace attended King Henry of England when he invaded Normandy.
1105, Eustace and Mary founded the priory of Rumilly.
1106, Eustace sought confirmation by Bishop Lambert of Arras of the canons of Lens’ possessions.
1106, Eustace made a gift to the canons of SS Juliand and Botulph, Colchester.
1106, Eustace’s charter to St. Paul’s attested by his sons Raoul and Eustace.
By 1107, King Henry I restored Duxford to Eustace.
1107, Eustace and Mary granted St. Wulmer, Samer, to Cluny.
8/1107, Eustace witnessed a confirmation of King Henry I to Montebourg.
5/1108, Eustace witnessed a grant of King Henry I to Romsey abbey.
8/3/1108, Louis VI crowned King of France.
Bef. 1109, Eustace described as a man of great courage and honesty in ‘The Gesta Francorum expugnantium Iherusalem.’ (S) The Crusades, Semaan, 2003, P87.
2/1110, Matilda, d/o King Henry I of England, landed at Boulogne on her journey to marry King Henry V of Germany. [Eustace likely her escort during this part of the journey.]
1110, Eustace a witness to the Treaty of Dover between King Henry of England and Robert II of Flanders. [Eustace acted as a pledge for both sides.]
1111, Baldwin VII succeeded as Count of Flanders.
Bef. 1112, Eustace granted Frencq to St. Wulmer, Samer.
Aft. 2/1112, Eustace obtained possession of Palendyck.
7/1112, ‘Eustacius Bolonie comes’ confirmed the possession of St. Wulmer to the abbey of Samer.
4/1113, Eustace at King Henry I’s [of England] court in Normandy attested a confirmation to the Bishop of Lisieux.
1113, Eustace’s mother died.
1113, Bishop Lambert of Arras sought clemency from Eustace in a matter associated with a knight of Nigella who had sought refuge in the church of Arras.
1113, Eustace and Mary made a grant to St. Martin des Champs of Frevent church. [The French monarchy also benefactors of St. Martin des Champs.]
3/1113, A general peace agreement between the kings of France and England included an angreement between Eustace and Baldwin VII of Flanders.
1113, Baldwin VII of Flanders visited Lens, and placed Nigella castle under Eustace’s jurisdiction.
Aft. 7/1113, Baldwin VII of Flanders confirmed Eustace’s gift of the sheepfold of Neuenna, Merck to St. Wulmer.
1114, Eustace and Mary visited England.
1114, Mary granted the manor of Kingweston to Bermondsey abbey.
By 1115, Eustace made a gift to the priory of St. Geroges, Hesdin.
5/1116, Mary died; buried at Bermondsey priory.
1116, Eustace confirmed Mary’s grant of Kingweston to Bermondsey.
1117 at St. Omer, Eustace witnessed Baldwin VII’s charter to Watten.
1117, Eustace negotiated a peace between Baldwin VII and Hugh of St. Pol and his ally Gautier of Hesdin. In the peace agreement, Eustace confirmed a grant to St. Georges d’Hesdin that was part of the settlement.
4/1118, Eustace’s younger brother Baldwin I, King of Jerusalem, died; Eustace offered the throne. Eustace traveled as far as Apulia before finding out that Baldwin of Bourcq had already been crowned.
1119, Charles the Good succeeded as Count of Flanders.
2/1120, Eudo, dapifer of King Henry I of England, died. King Henry granted Eustace several of the manors of Eudo: Lillechurch, Kent; Gamelegia, Cambridge; Neuselle, Herts; Roinges, Essex; Widham, Essex; and Ereswelle, Suffolk.
1120, Eustace confirmed Eudo Dapifer’s grant to St John’s, colchester. [Signed by his sons Raoul and Eustace.]
4/1120 at Arras, Eustace III and Hugh III of St. Pol were together acting as counselors in a case before Charles the Good dealing with St Peters, Gent.
1120, Eustace instrumental in a peace agreement between Hugh of St. Pol and Charles the Good of Flanders.
1120, Eustace made a grant to the Knights of St. John of Jerusalem. [Signed by his sons Raoul and Eustace.]
1121, Eustace confirmed the grants made by his ancestors to St. Wulmer, Boulogne.
1122, Eustace granted freedom from customs and exactions within Merck to Saint-Bertin, for the souls of ‘Eustacii comitis patris mei et Yde matris mee comitisse.’ [Eustace’s parents].
1122 at Arras, Eustace III a counselor in a case before Charles the Good over the tonlieu of Arras between St. Vaast and the townsmen of Arras. Others present were Hugh of St. Pol and Walter Tirel.
1122-25, Eustace’s illegitimate sons Raoul and Eustace died.
1123, Hugh of St. Pol made a grant of Palendyck to the comital foundation of Bourgourg witnessed by Eustace, ‘Boulonnais count’. [Hugh held Palendyck of Eustace.]
1125, Count Eustace of Boulogne by charter gave his inheritance to his son-in-law Count Stephen.
1125, ‘Eustachius olim comes Boloniensis nunc autem … monachus Cluniacensis’ donated property to Cluny; which names ‘Maria uxore mea …[et] Mathildi filia mea’, and is subscribed by ‘Stephani comitis Bolonie, Matildis comitisse.’
1125, Eustace retired to the Cluny monastery at Rumilly.
1125, Eustace died holding the castles of Bellebrune, Boulogne, Fiennes, Tingry and Lens.
(S) English Historical Review, V34, 1919. (S) Foundation for Medieval Genealogy. (S) Boulogne and Politics, Tanner, 2004.
Family notes:
·         9 copies of the Boulonnais comital genealogy were made between 1087 and 1119 in monastic criptoria of norther France. The 3 brothers were characterized as heroes in the crusade romances ‘Chanson D’Antioch’ and ‘Chanson de Jerusalem.’
·         Eustace minted coins in Lens and Boulogne: obverse – a castle with the legend ‘+EUSTASHIVS’.
·         Eustace made a grant of 7000 herring to be paid on the Feast of St. Andrew to St. Berthe, Blangy.
·         3/22/1136, Eustace’s daughter Mathilde crowned Queen of England at Westminster.

Child of Eustace and Mary:
i. Mathilde of Boulogne (189110431), born ~1105 in Boulogne, France.

Tuesday, April 23, 2013

G27: 94555148 Savoy-Viennois


94555148. Humbert III of Savoy & 94555149. Beatrice of Viennois

8/4/1136, Humbert born in Savoy, s/o 189110310. Amadeus III of Maurienne, count of Savoy & 189110297. Mathilda d’Albon.
1/9/1137, ‘A. comes et marchio cum uxore sua M. … et Umbertus eorum filius.’ donated property to the monastery of Ripalta.
3/30/1143, ‘Amedeus comes et marchio et Maies comitissa uxor eius et Umbertus eorum filius, donated property to the monastery of Saint-Maurice.
9/25/1143, Pope Celestine II succeeded Pope Innocent II.
3/9/1144, Pope Lucius II succeeded Pope Celestine II.
2/15/1145, Pope Eugene III succeeded Pope Lucius II.
3/30/1147, ‘Amedeus comes et marchio et Majes comitissa uxor eius et Umbertus eorum filius’ confirmed the rights of the monastery of Saint-Maurice d´Agaune.
1147, ‘Amedeus comes et marchio’ confirmed donations to Saint-Sulpice en Bugey, for the soul of ‘filii mei Humberti’.
8/30/1148, Humbert’s father died on crusade.
7/1149, Humbert at war with the citizens of Turin.
1150, Humbert succeeded as Comte de Maurienne et de Savoie.
1150, ‘Humbertus Mauriacensis comes et marchio’ donated ‘locum de Tyneres’ to the abbey of Hautcrêt.
1150, Count Humbert III confirmed a concession of a golden ‘tabula’ set with precious stones given to his father Amadeus by St. Maurice.
1150, Humbert at St Maurice with the bishops of Lausanne and Sion and made an agreement over a debt.
1150-51, Humbert married Faidiva, [likely] d/o Alphonse Jourdain & Faidiva of Toulouse.
1/3/1151, ‘Umbertus comes, Amedei comitis filius … cum uxore sua … Faidiva’ donated property.
3/4/1152, Frederick Barbarossa elected King of the Germans.
7/8/1153, Pope Eugene III died; succeeded by Pope Anastasius IV.
12/3/1154, Pope Anastasius IV died; succeeded by Pope Hadrian IV.
1155, Humbert married 2nd Gertrude, d/o Thierry, count of Flanders.
6/18/1155, Frederick I crowned Holy Roman Emperor. [Humbert was soon in conflict with Frederick.]
1157, Humbert  held fiefs from the Archbishop of Lyons.
9/7/1159, Pope Alexander III succeeded Pope Adrian IV.
~1160, Beatrix born in Bourgogne, d/o §Gerard, Comte de Mâcon et de Vienne & Guyonne de Salins.
1162, Humbert divorced Gertrude.
1162-3, Humbert leading a group hostile to the Emperor, captured by Count Gerard of Macon, and then ransomed for 6000 marks [which he could not pay.]
1164, Humbert married 3rd Klementia von Zahringen [divorcee], d/o Konrad Herzog von Zähringen & his wife Clémence de Namur.
1164, Humbert in a dispute with Antheleme of Belley.
1165, Charter of Humbert of Savoy to Bonnevaux. (S) Medieval Agriculture, Berman, 1986.
3/1168, Humbert supported the army of Emperor Frederick I as he crossed the Alps returning from Lombardy via Savoy.
1171, Benedict, abbot of Chiusa, in the service of Humbert as an ambassador to England to arrange for a marriage of one of his daughters.
6/28/1172, ‘Umbertus comes de Morienna’ granted privileges to the monastery of Santa Maria di Staffarda.
1172, Humbert has castellans at Miradolo and in the Val di Fenestrelle.
1172-73, Humbert allied with William of Montferrat against Asti.
2/12/1173, Humbert III, Gerard of Macon, Raymond V of Toulouse, and Alfonso II of Aragon met with King Henry II of England at Montferrand in Auvergne. [They soon afterwards all moved to Limoges.] Humbert made an agreement with King Henry to marry his daughter Alice to Henry’s son John. [At this time Humbert had no male heir.]
1173, Humbert claiming the title Lord of Turin, Cavoretto and Collegno, and to possess the homage of the counts of Castellamonte and Canavese.
1174, Humbert, siding with the Pope Alexander III, was deprived of many of his titles in war against Emperor Frederick I.
1175, Humbert married 4th Beatrix.
1176, Humbert, as lord of the city under the Emperor, to have ‘special reserves’ in their favor in a treaty made by the Turinese.
1176, Humbert in conflict with Milo, bishop of Turin; specifically over the destruction of Rivalta castle.
1178, Guy de Chandieu sent by Humbert, count of Savoy, as his ambassador to England to concluded the marriage of Prince John with his daughter. (S) Historic Studies, V1, Read, 1897, P140.
6/1178, ‘Comes Humbertus et socer eius Girardus Viennensis’ are at Belley.
9/1/1181, Pope Lucius III succeeded Pope Alexander III.
10/20/1188, An agreement between the Bishop of Maurienne and the canons of his cathedral names ‘Humberto comite presidente.’
3/4/1189, Humbert died; buried at the Abbaye de Hautecombe.
6/12/1189, ‘Thomas … Mauriannensis comes et marchio Italiæ’ confirmed the donations made by ‘pater meus … [et] domini comitis Humberti … abavi mei’ to the canons of Saint-Jean de Maurienne, with the advice of ‘B. matris mee et … tutore meo Bonifacio marchione Montisferrati.’
4/8/1230, Beatrix died.
(S) Early History of the House of Savoy. (S) Foundation for Medieval Genealogy.

Child of Humbert and Beatrice:
i. Tommaso of Savoy (47277574), born 3/20/1177 in Savoy.

G28: 189110310 Amadeus of Maurienne


189110310. Amadeus III of Maurienne, count of Savoy & 189110311. Adelaide ? & 189110297. Mathilda d’Albon.

1095, Amedee born in Montmelian, Savoi, s/o 756441482. Humbert II, Count of Savoy & 756441483. Gisele de Burgundy.
8/13/1099, Pope Paschal II succeeded Pope Urban II.
10/19/1103, Amadeus’ father died; his mother Gisela became regent.
10/21/1104, ‘Amedeus comes’ donated property to Saint-Jean de Maurienne, for the soul of ‘patris sui Uberti comtis’, with the consent of ‘Gisla matre et fratribus eius Guillelmo atque Umberto.’
1105, Amedee’s mother Gisele married 2nd Raniere Marchese di Moferrate.
5/2/1108, Amadeus’ tutor is Aymon, Count of the Genevois.
1108, Amadeus a benefactor of the daughter house of Abbondance in the valley of New-Chablais.
1109, Amadeus succeeded as Comte de Maurienne et de Savoie.
1/19/1111, A document of Amadeus on crusade.
1111, In Syria at Shaizar, crusader army fought under King Baldwin I of Jerusalem against a Seljuk army.
1111, Henry V, King of Germany, also became the Holy Roman Emperor. [Amadeus’ cousin, Henry’s mother was Bertha of Savoy, paternal grand aunt of Amadeus.]
1111, The emperor recognised Amadeus’ title as Count of the Holy Roman Empire.
1114, Amadeus arranged the marriage of his sister Adelaide to King Louis VI of France.
3/1115 in Paris, King Louis married Adelaide.
1115, ‘Guido Viennensis archiepiscopus’ [Amadeus’ maternal uncle, and future Pope Calixtus II] addressed a letter to ‘nepoti suo Amedeo comiti.’
9/1116, Amadeus restored  the two ‘curtes’ of Leuk and Naters to the bishop of Sion.
1/24/1118, Pope Gelasius II succeeded Paschal II.
2/1/1119, Pope Calixtus II succeeded Gelasius II. [Apparently Amadeus and Pope Calixtus were not on good terms at this time. The Pope traveled through the lands of Amadeus, but did not visit him.]
1120, Emperor Henry V of Germany appealed to ‘consanguineus’ Amadeus ‘marchio’, and Aymon, count of the Genevois, to intervene in favour of the abbey of Romainmotier at the foot of the Jura [north of the lake of Geneva] against Ebal de Granson.
1120-24, Amadeus at war with the Count of the Genevoi.
1124, Amadeus defeated the count at the battle of Col de Tamie. Aymon and Amadeus agreed to the Peace of Seyssel.
1124, Amadeus assumed the title ‘Comes et Marchio.’
12/21/1124, Pope Honorius II succeeded Calixtus II.
1125, Lothar II elected King of the Romans.
1125, Amadeus made a grant to the Great St Bernard hospital. Amadeus’ brothers Humbert, William and Raynald witnessed the grant.
5/14/1129, Amadeus met with ‘Loterio imperatore regnante.’
2/14/1130, Pope Innocent II succeeded Pope Honorius II.
3/1/1131, ‘Amedeus filius quondam Humberti comitis’ confirmed the possessions of the abbey of Santa Maria di Pinerolo.
1131, Viscount Henry of Baratonia in the entourage of Amadeus.
1132, Amadeus a benefactor and approver of the founding of the abbey of Tamie on the borders of Savoy and Genevois. [‘… memoria dignum marchionem Italiae, Sabaudiae et Mauriennae comitem Amedeum.’]
1133, Emperor Lothar II captured Amadeus’ town of Turin. Amadeus submitted to the Emperor.
7/27/1133, Adelaide named in a charter.
7/27/1134, ‘Comes Amedeus … cum uxore sua Adeleida comitissa" confirmed the rights of the monastery of ‘S. Justi in villa Volveria’.
By 1135, Adelaide died.
By 7/1135, Amadeus married 2nd Mathilda, d/o §Guigues, Comte d’Albon.
1136, Amadeus became infludential in the region of St. Maurice.
1/9/1137, ‘A. comes et marchio cum uxore sua M. … et Umbertus eorum filius.’ donated property to the monastery of Ripalta.
7/30/1137, ‘Palatinus Comes Amedeus’ donated property to the monastery of Locedio ‘in terra Willelmi Marchionis fratris sui’. [Amadeus’ uterine brother].
8/1/1137, Amadeus’ brother-in-law King Louis VI died.
1137, Peter, abbot of Cluny, appealed to Amadeus in favor of young King Louis VII; to hold him innocent of transgressions of the royal court.
1137-38, The Abbey of St Sulpice consecrated by Peter, archbishop of Lyons, at the special request of Amadeus.
3/11/1138, Amadeus III [as suzerain, holding ‘placita’ for his vassals] concluded a dispute concering St. Maurice.
1138, Amadeus recovered the town of Turin.
2/28/1139, ‘Amedeus comes et marchio’ donated revenue from Conflens to the archbishop of Tarantasia.
1140, ‘Dominus Amedeus comes et marchio et frater eius Raynaldus’ granted rights to the archbishop of Tarantasia.
1140, Amadeus defeated his brother-in-law Guigues IV, Dauphin of Albon, at the battle of Montmelian [the Dauphin died of his wounds.]
6/23/1142, Count Amadeus requested that the Pope confirm the bounds of the abbey of St. Sulpice.
1143, Amadeus first used the white cross on a red background as the arms of the House of Savoi.
3/30/1143, ‘Amedeus comes et marchio et Maies comitissa uxor eius et Umbertus eorum filius’ donated property to the monastery of Saint-Maurice.
9/25/1143, Pope Celestine II succeeded Pope Innocent II.
3/9/1144, Pope Lucius II succeeded Pope Celestine II.
2/15/1145, Pope Eugene III succeeded Pope Lucius II.
1145, Count Amadeus in marriage negotiations with King Afonso Henriques of Portugal.
1146, Amadeus raised 11,000 Susian solidi partly by the grant of a charter to S. Guisto de Susa which included the surrender to the abbey of the comital income in the lower Susian valley. [A golden ‘tabula’ set with precious stones was given to Amadeus by St. Maurice to be broken apart as part of the funding.]
3/30/1147, ‘Amedeus comes et marchio et Majes comitissa uxor eius et Umbertus eorum filius’ confirmed the rights of the monastery of Saint-Maurice d´Agaune.
1147, ‘Amedeus comes et marchio’ confirmed donations to Saint-Sulpice en Bugey, for the soul of ‘filii mei Humberti’.
6/1147, Amadeus left to support his nephew King Louis VII on his crusade. (S) Popes and the Baltic Crusades, 2007, P34.
10/1147, Amadeus reached Constantinople [which King Louis had already left; but Amadeus soon caught up with them.]
12/25/1147, On Christmas day on the coast of modern-day Turkey, encamped by a river, a tremendous storm washed away much of the supplies of the French. They decided to take a route over the mountains to Antioch.
1/4/1148, The crusaders fought in a battle at Laodicea against the Turks.
1/7/1148 in the area of Mount Cadmus, at night, the rear guard which was surrounded and attacked. The French suffered many losses. King Louis decided to return to his water route.
1/20/1148, After additional battles, the crusaders reached Atalya. There was not enough money for ships for everyone, and King Louis left 7000 infantry in Satalia, Greece [who were never seen again.]
3/19/1148, The crusaders reached Antioch.
6/24/1148 at Acre, at a High Court of Jerusalem, King Louis, Emperor Conrad III, and Baldwin, King of Jerusalem met. The Council decided that the best move in defense of the holy lands would be to retake Damascus.
1148, At Damascus, due to heat, lack of water, and disagreements on plans, the seige failed after 4 days. King Louis sent most of the forces back.
8/30/1148, Amadeus died at Nicosia.
(S) Foundation for Medieval Genealogy. (S) Early History of the House of Savoy.
Family notes:
·         Undated: ‘Amedeus … comes et fratres mei, unacum genitrice nostra Gisla’ donated property to the church of Belley for the soul of ‘patris nostri Humberti comitis’.]

Child of Amadeus and Adelaide:
i. Mafalda of Savoy (94555155) born 1125 in Savoy.
Child of Amadeus and Mathilda:
i. Humbert III of Savoy (94555148) born 8/4/1136 in Savoy.

Sunday, April 21, 2013

G29: 378220740 King Louis VI


378220740. King Louis VI & 378220741. Adelaide of Maurienne

12/1/1081, Louis born at Château Bethizy near Paris, France, s/o 756441480. King Philip I & 756441481. Bertha of Holland.
1091, Louis’ father divorced his mother. [Bertha retired to her dower land of Montreuil-sur-Mer.]
1092, Adelaide born in Savoy, d/o 756441482. Humbert II, Count of Savoy & 756441483. Gisele de Burgundy. [Adelaide the sister of Pope Calixte II, and a descendent of Charlemagne.]
1092, Louis created as Comte du Vexin, de Mantes et de Pontoise by his father.
1093, Louis’ mother died.
1096, Louis’ father King Philip married his mistriss Bertrade in Orleans; an act opposed by Pope Urban II. [This would be a source of conflict between Louis and his father, who would be under a constant threat of excommunication for the relationship.]
1097 at Chaumont in the Vexin, Prince Louis repelled King William’s Anglo-Norman forces, killing 700 of the attackers horses with their bows.
5/1098 at Abbeville, Louis knighted by Gui I, count of Ponthieu.
1098, Louis led the forces of the Vexin in defensive warfare against King William Rufus of England. (S) Early Gothic Column-Figure Sculpture in France, P110.
8/13/1099, Pope Paschal II succeeded Urban II [and would be Pope for 19 years.]
1100, Louis crowned King “rex designatus” by his father [a Capet tradition to retain power.] King Philip began to share the throne with his son.
1100-08, Louis VI was the first royal child to use a seal [which was used on several documents]: ‘sigillum lodovici designati regis.’ (S) When Ego Was Imago, Bedos-Rezak, 2010, P91.
8/2/1100, King William Rufus of England killed in a hunting incident; William and Robert’s younger brother Henry claimed the English crown. [Duke Robert was away on crusade.]
8/5/1100, Henry I crowned King of England.
12/25/1100, King Henry I of England, hosting Louis VI at his Christmas court, received a letter with the seal of King Philip [sent by Queen Bertrade] asking that he secretly have Philip’s successor murdered. [Bertrade wanted her son to succeed.] Henry sent Louis back to Paris where he demanded vengeance. Louis was subsequently poisoned by someone in Bertrade’s service [but survived.]
12/25/1101, King Louis at King Henry’s Christmas court in London. (S) Church Historians of England, Pt1, 1856, P120.
1102, Prince Louis marched 700 knights against the Count of Foucy at Rheims who had been victimizing the local churches. [Prince Louis was a frequent adventurer with his knights attacking local barons in revolt.]
1103, Attacking Geoffrey Borel at Meung, Louis set fire to the tower and then had the defenders shot to death when they jump to safety. [Louis was known to give mercy, but not to those who gave none.]
10/19/1103, Adelaide’s father died; her brother Amadeus III succeeding in Savoy.
1104, Louis married Lucienne de Rochefort, d/o Guy, count of Rochefort, seneschal of King Philip.
12/1104, Ivo of Chartres wrote a letter calling for the genealogies of Louis and Lucienne to be reviewed at a synod at Soissons.
4/1105, Serlo, bishop of Seez, preached against men with long hair and used scissors to cut the tresses the royal family and many magnates. [Louis VII, s/o Louis VI, would again wear his hair to his shoulders.]
1105, Viscount Milo of Troyes for captured the castle of Montlhéry. Louis VI destroyed the castle except for the main tower; and forgave the viscount.
4/1106, Louis [likely] attended the wedding of his sister Constance at Chartres, hosted by Adela of Normandy. [Adela the sister of William the Conqueror. Louis’ father King Philip attended.]
1106, at Nimes, King Philip and his son King Louis met Pope Pope Pascal II, where the Pope asked for support for his German policy.
9/28/1106, King Henry I of England captured his brother Robert Curthose at the battle of Tinchebray, Normandy; uniting England and Normandy.
1107, at Troyes, Prince Louis met with his father and Pope Paschal. An agreement was made over homage, investiture, and the grant of temporalities of new bishops. (S) The Papal Monarchy, Morris, 1989, P158.
5/23/1107, Louis’ marriage annulled by the Pope on the grounds of consanguinity, at the request of King Philip. [1116, Lucienne married Guichard, lord of Banjeu.]
7/29/1108, Louis succeeded his father on his death. Louis named Stephen Garlande as chancellor. Stephen’s brother Gilbert was a royal butler. [Paris, Orleans and Bourges formed a considerable portion of the royal domain.]
8/3/1108 at the Cathedral of Sainte-Croix, Orléans, Louis crowned by the archbishop of Sens [because he was in dispute with the archbishop of Reims – who normally would have performed the ceremony].
Aft. 3/1109, Louis had his 1st confict with the forces of King Henry I of England; which soon followed with conflicts along the border with supporters of Duke Robert Curthose, King Henry’s brother.
1109, King Louis, with 4000 knights, raided the lands of Robert, count of Meulan. (S) Anselm of Bec, Vaughn, 1987, P351.
1109, Louis, supporting William Clito, s/o Duke Robert Curthose, challenged King Henry I of England to single combat to determine the fate of Normandy [King Henry refused.]
Aft. 1109, Locenis, a town of Robert de Beaumont in Normandy, was sacked by King Louis VI of France.
1109-11, There was widespread famine in France.
1110, King Louis laid out Les Halles adjacent to his palace [which became the largest market in Europe]. (S) Paris in the 50s, Karnow, 2011.
1110, King Louis ordered Bishop Gaudry’s palace ransacked. [Gaudry was an “eccentric cleric”. Louis believed he was responsible for the murder of Gerard of Quierzy.]
3/12/1111, Thibaut of Blois headed a delegation to a royal council at Melun to ask King Louis VI to suppress the attacks by Hugh le Puiset, referred to as “a mad dog”. [King Louis launched a campaign against Hugh.]
1111, Louis attacked the lands of the Count of Meulan, vassal of King Henry [who also owned property near Paris from which he could easily attack Louis.]
1111-12, Louis led campaigns against Hugh, lord le Puiset. He staged his operations from Toury in Beauce, which was supervised by Sugere. Hugh was wounded and captured.
4/1112, Louis was bribed by supporters of Bishop Gaudry to dissolve communes in Noyon and Saint-Quentin. A riot ensued in which the bishop and other nobles were killed. [Communes were early self-governing civil units with local administration and finances.]
1112, Exercising his power, Louis forbid the Count of Blois to build new castles without his consent.
1112, Louis released Hugh, lord le Puiset under a peace oath. [Hugh ignored the oath an rebuilt his castle and joined Theobald of Blois in opposition to Louis.]
1112, King Louis defeated in battle near le Puiset [50 miles south of Paris] by Theobald of Blois and Hugh le Puiset.
1112, King Louis moved the capital from Orleans to Paris.
3/1113, at Gisors, King Louis had to yield Maine and Brittany by treaty to England after Theobald of Blois and a coalition of barons supported King Henry.
1113, Louis gve the abbey of Saint-Denis the primacy over the other churches of the kingdom. (S) Approaches to Medieval Architecture, Bork, 2011, P68.
1114, King Louis ended the commune at Laon [which he had initially supported in 1111.]
1114, Louis VI razed the castles of Crecy and Nouvion of excommunicated Thomas de Marle of Laon. (S) Oxford Encyc. of Medieval Warfare, V1, 2010, P77.
 [–––Louis & Adelaide–––]
3/1115 in Paris, Louis married Adelaide. [Arranged by Yves, Bishop of Chartres – an apparently happy marriage in which Adelaide’s name appears on many documents with Louis’; and in which she was actively involved in the education of her children.]
3-4/1115 at Amiens, Louis besieged Castillon, castle of Enguerrand I of Coucy. Louis took an arrow in the siege but was not seriously wounded.
4/1116, War broke out again between King Louis and King Henry, who had just returned from England [King Henry would spend the next 4 years in Normandy]. Most skirmishes occurred on the border of the Norman and French Vexin.
1116, King Louis formed an alliance with Flanders and Fulk V of Anjou. (S) Gothic King’s of Britain, Potter, 2008, P53.
6-7/1117, Louis VI and Baldwin VII of Flanders unsuccessfully invade Normandy. (S) Flanders and the Anglo-Norman World, Oksanen, 2012, P259.
8/3/1117, Louis granted a fair to the abbey of Morigny. (S) Consolidation of Local Authority, Bush, 2007, P72.
1118, King Louis defeated Theobald of Blois and Hugh le Puiset at the battle of Janville.
1118, Louis gave the abbey of Saint Denis the market and customs at Toury. (S) Approaches to Medieval Architecture, Bork, 2011, P68.
1118, A charter of Louis and Adelaide: “… in the tenth year of the reign of King Louis and the third year of Queen Adelaide …’ (S) Women in the Middle Ages, Gies, 2010. [Other records ‘… King Louis with the consent of Queen Adelaide …’; ‘… acting upon Adelaide’s intercession or plea …’.]
2/1/1119, Pope Calixtus II succeeded Gelasius II. [Pope Calixtus the brother of Adelaide.]
1119, The organization of the Templars was founded to protect pilgrims in the Holy Land. (S) Chronicles of the Age of Chivalry, 2000, P181.
1119, Louis VI took Cluny and all its dependent priories under his protection, acquiring in return the right to build castles on their lands with the permission of the abbot of Cluny.
1119, King Louis, supported by Amaury de Montfort, invaded Normandy. Louis 1st burnt Ivry, then approached Bretueil, held by Ralph de Gael, who offered stiff resistance. At the height of the battle, 200 knights of King Henry arrived ahead of his main army. The French forces retreated. (S) Henry I, Green, 2006, P153.
1119, King Louis captured Les Andelys.
8/20/1119, King Louis and his forces defeated at the battle of Bremule by King Henry I. A thousand knights were engaged; 80 French knights were killed. Henry I suffered a blow to the head, but was saved by his chain mail. King Louis lost his horse and his banner. Henry returned to Rouen; Louis went on to Chartres, where the city surrendered.
1119, After Bremule, Louis assembled a council of nobles at Rheims, presided over by Pope Calixtus II, where he became self-proclaimed “King of France” and “special son of the church of Rome”, no longer “King of the Franks”; the beginning of France as a political entity and power. [At this point in his life Louis was already described as “heavy”, with the “appetitie of a hunter”.]
1120, King Louis named Stephen Garlande his seneschal [chief official.]
1120, King Louis donated his father’s crown to Saint Denis. (S) Les Lieux de Memoire, V4, Nora, 2010, P17.
1120, The ‘curia regis’ became permanently seated at Paris. (S) Development of the French Monarchy, Thompson, 1895, P41.
Aft. 11/25/1120 [the White Ship disaster], With the death of his only legitimate son, King Henry I of England agreed to do simple homage to King Louis for his lands in Normandy.
 1121, Laon, King Louis VI confirms an exchange of properties between Barthélémy of Joux, bishop of Laon, and the Cistercian abbey of Foigny, and ordered that his confirmation be strengthened with the impression of his royal image. (S) When Ego Was Imago, Bedos-Rezak, 2010, P154.
By 10/1121, Louis’ son Philip is identified as the king designate.
1122, Louis raised a large army which he used to restore the Bishop of Clermont to Auvergne, opposing William, count of Avuergne; besieging William’s castle at Pont-du-Chateau.
1122 at Worms, An agreement between the papacy and the empires that clergy would elect the bishops, the church consecrate the bishops, and the king give the regalia.
1122, “Sugere” elected the abbot of St. Denis. Louis had the messengers imprisoned because the election was without royal assent. Upon meeting with Sugere, Louis accepted the election. [Eventually Louis chose as an advisor Abbot Suger, who also wrote his biography and became his royal minister.]
1123, King Louis sent an embassy to Rome headed by Suger, Abbé de Saint-Denis.
1123, Through the influence of Louis VI, Simon de Vermandois elected bishop of the dual diocese of Noyon-Tournai. (S) Murder of Charles the Good, Galbert, 2005, P136.
8/1124, Louis, having assembled an army from across France, repeled invading Emperor Henry V in Lorraine. Before going into battle Louis acquired the red silk banner, the Oriflamme of St. Denis, to carry into battle. An easy victory, Louis returned the Oriflamme to St. Denis.
12/13/1124, Pope Calixtus II died; succeeded by Pope Honorius II.
1125, Count Thibaut received 3 counties in Champagne from his uncle Count Hugues. These strategic lands on either side of King Louis VI posed a threat to the Capetians.
1125, In a charter of Louis VI his sons are named: ‘… assensu … filiorumque nostrorum, videlicet Philippi regis designati, Ludovici quorue ac Henrici’. (S) Charters of King David I, Barrow, 1999, P6.
1126, Louis again had to defend the Bishop of Clermont to Auvergne, opposing William, count of Avuergne. Louis, with Charles the Good of Flanders, Fulk V of Anjou, and Conan of Brittany, and Norman knights, besieged the castle at Montferrand. William X, duke of Aquitaine, who was overlord of the castle, questioned Louis’ authority, but was forced to accept Louis’ authority. After capturing the castle, Louis had the hands of those captured cut off.
1126, A charter by Louis VI to the city of Beauvais [One of the oldest known written in French.] (S) View of the State of Europe, Hallam, 1840, P327.
1/1127, Adelaide’s half-sister Jeanne, d/o Rainier de Montferrat married William Clito, son and heir of Robert, duke of Normandy, eldest s/o William the Conqueror. (S) An Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, Swanton, 1998, P257.
4/12/1127, Louis in Bruges, Flanders to revenge the killing of his cousin Charles the Good [murdered 3/2/1127]. [King Louis hung 22 of 30 conspirators from the tower of Bruges; 2 others were captured and killed later; 6 pardoned.]
1127, Louis VI countersigned the charters of St. Omer and Bruges in Flanders. (S) Development of the French Monarchy under Louis VI, Thompson, 1895, P90.
12/1127, At his Christmas court, Louis VI encouraged his nobles to aid William [Clito] the Norman in his campaign against King Henry I of England. (S) Robert Curthose, Aird, 2008, P271.
4/1128, Louis, at the influence of Adelaide, supported William Clito as the new Count of Flanders.
5/1128, King Louis convoked a council in Arras in which the archbishop of Reims excommunicated Thierry of Alsace and his sympathers, a contender with William Clito for the title to Flanders. (S) Henry I, Hollister, 2001, P321.
1128, Louis captured the Garlande castle [a powerful family in revolt headed by his seneschal of 1120.]
1128, Thierry of Alsace unsuccessfully besieged for 6 days by King Louis VI at Lille. Louis received a leg wound from a “missile” from a catapult that left him with a permanent limp, and combined with his weight was unable to mount a horse. Louis abruptly returned to France, leaving William Clito without his aid. [William died in battle in July.]
7/1128, Louis approved the Peace of Laon, acknowleging Thierry of Alsace as count of Flanders; and which included a protection for the dower rights of widows. (S) Aristocracy in the County of Champagne, Evergates, 2007, P337.
1129, Louis crowned his son Philip, King “rex designatus”. ‘Ludovicus et Philippus, filius ejus, divina ordinante providencia reges Francorum.’ (S) Charters of King David I, Barrow, 1999, P6.
1129, King Louis met with Hugh of Pontigny, Bernard of Clairvaux, and Henry, archbishop of Sens, over issues with the Cistercian abbots. (S) Boundaries of Charity, Newman, 1996, P146.
1129, King Louis confirmed the foundation and privileges of Saint-Vincent. (S) Memory and the Medieval Tomb, Valdez del Alamo, 2000, P259.
1130, King Louis made Paris his primary residence.
1130, Louis VI was driven by the constant complaints of the clergy and the entreaty of Ralph, count of Vermandois, to organize and expedition against Thomas, lord of Coucy and Boves. King Louis surprised Thomas before Coucy, and Thomas was mortally wounded in the battle. (S) Cambridge Medieval History, Vs1-5, Bury.
10/1130, King Louis assembled a council at Etampes which recognized Pope Innocent II.
1/1131, Pope Innocent II joined King Louis VI at Orleans. (S) The Papacy, Robinson, 1990, P286.
1131, The abbot of Coulombs asked Louis VI to judge a case concerning Prudemanche near Brezolles.
11/1131 at Rheims, Louis crowned his son Louis, King “rex designatus” on the death of Philip.
1132, Louis made peace with the Garlande family and reinstated Stephen Garlande as chancellor [but not seneschal. The seneschal office was vacant for 4 years.]
1132, Louis protected Adelaides’s dower rights in his gifts to two collegiate chaptes. (S) Aristocracy in the County of Champagne, Evergates, 2007, P337.
1133, King Louis purchased Saint-Pierre de Montmarte from the Comte de Meulan.
1133-4, Adelaide founded the Abbey of the Women of Montmartre with lands donated by King Louis. (S) Medieval Cathedrals, Clark, 2006, P19.
1134, Louis VI granted to Humbert, bishop of Puy-en-Velay, the exercise of regalian rights in the absence of his lord, the Count of Tripoli. (S) Development of the French Monarchy under Louis VI, Thompson, 1895, P28.
1135, King Louis attacked St-Brisson-sur-Loire [45 miles southeast of Orleans], who’s lord had been attacking passing merchants.
11/1135, Louis, due to an illness, appointed Count Thibaut II of Champagne guardian of his son Louis. [Louis recovered from this illness.]
12/2/1135, King Henry I of England died in Rouen, Normandy.
12/22/1135, Stephen crowned king of England.
10/28/1135 at Châteauneuf-sur-Loire, In ill health, Louis VI transferred effective power to his son Louis VII.
1136, Louis attacked Thomas Marle, who had killed Louis’ cousin Hugh de Vermandois. [Thomas was killed in the battle by Hugh’s brother Ralph.]
1136, 'Our provost,’ declares Louis VI in his pariage [partitioning] with the bishop of Paris, shall do fidelity to the bishop; and his provost reciprocally to the king. (S) Crisis of the 12th Century, Bisson, 2009, P360.
5/1137, King Stephen of England, on the continent, met with King Louis VI of France. (S) Tradition and Change, Greenway, 2002, P177.
By 6/1137, Louis had again fallen ill in the forest of Yveline near Melun; and took refuge at Bethisy.
1137, Before dying, Duke Guillaume X, duke of Aquitaine, made Louis the ward for his daughter Eleanor. Louis arranged for her marriage to his son Louis.
8/1/1137, Louis “the glorius” died at the castle of Bethisy-Saint-Pierre wearing a monastic habit.
1137, Adelaide conspired against Suger, Abbé de Saint-Denis, triggering a quarrel with her son Louis VII.
[–––Adelaide–––]
1138, Adelaide married 2nd Matthew de Montmorency, Constable of France. [1 daughter.]
Adelaide retired to her lands at Compiegne.
1146, King Louis VII confirmed a donation of his mother Adelaide to an abbey.
1147, Adelaide [likely] attended the dedication ceremony for the new church of Sainte-Pierre at the abbey Montmartre near Paris, consecrated by Pope Eugenius III. Bernard of Clairvaux and Pierre, abbot of Cluny, performed as acolytes.
1153, Adelaide founded Royallieu near Compiegne.
1153, Adelaide retired to the abbey Montmartre near Paris.
11/18/1154, Adelaide died; buried at Montmartre in the abbey of Sainte-Pierre.
(S) Memoires of the Queens of France, V1, Bush, 1843. (S) The Capetians, Bradbury, 2007. (S) Foundation for Medieval Genealogy.
Family notes:
·         Louis is often called “the fat”. His biographer, Sugere, the abbot of St. Denis, and a personal friend, called his work “The Deeds of Louis the Glorious”. Over the years “glorious” was altered to “grossus” – the fat.
·         457 acts of Louis VI are recorded, of which over 100 are references to acts now lost. (S) English Govt. in the 13th Century, Jobson, 2004, P34. Adelaide is mentioned in 90 royal acts. (S) When Ego Was Imago, Bedos-Rezak, 2010, P92.
·         Louis had at least 9 illegitimate children.
·         Louis often left important offices vacant for multiple years in an attempt to end hereditary succession to these offices.
·         Louis used councellors  from ordinary backgrounds, his “council of those who surround us”, even using them to represent him in presiding over disputes. These led to the emergence of legal specialists.
·         The mother of Charles the Good of Flanders and Louis’ mother Bertha were sisters.

Children of Louis and Adelaide: [8 sons, 1 daughter]
i. King Philip Capet, born 8/29/1116 in France.  

1129, Louis crowned Philip, King “rex designatus”.
10/13/1131, Philip died after being thrown from his horse after is was scared by a roaming pig. [Afterwards, it was forbidden to allow a pig to roam the streets.]

ii. King Louis VII Capet (189110370), born 1120 in France.
iii. Henri Capet, born 1121-23 in France.

1134, Henri ‘tonsured’.
1142, Henri the archdeacon of Orleans.
1150, Henri consecrated bishop of Beauvais.
1162, Henri elected archbishop of Reims.
11/13/1175, Henri died, buried at Reims.

iv. Count Robert I of Dreux (94555228), born ~1125 in Fance. [5th son]
v. Peter of Courtenay (94555142), born 9/1126 in France.
vi. Constance Capet, born 1128 in France.

2/1140, Constance married Eustace of Blois, s/o King Stephen of England.
8/1153, Eustace died.
8/10/1154, Constance married Count Raymond V of Toulouse.
Raymond became a supporter of King Henry II.
By 1176, Raymond returned his support to King Louis.
11/1177, Baudouin IV King of Jerusalem confirmed a sale of property, with the consent of ‘… Constantiæ sorori regis Franciæ’.

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