Monday, April 29, 2013

G29: 378236416 FitzAlan-Say


378236416. William Fitz Alan & 378236417. Isabel de Say & 16886917. Christina ?

8/5/1100, Henry I crowned King of England.
~1105, William born in Breton, Normandy, s/o §Alan Fitz Flaald & Aveline de Hesding. (S) FMG.
1114, William’s father died; William inheriting 70 manors in various part of Shropshire, and others outside the county.
4/24/1124, David I crowned King of Scotland.
1/1127, Queen Adeliza, receiving the county of Salop from King Henry, granted the office of sheriff to William fitz Alan. (S) Antiquities of Shropshire, V1, 1854, P247. [Likely undersheriff to Pagan fitz John.]
~1130, Isabel born in England, heir & d/o §Helias de Say, Lord of Clun. (S) Cartulary of Lilleshall Abbey, Monasticon, V6, P262.
William 1st married Christiana, a kinswoman [niece] of Robert, Earl of Gloucester, half-brother to Empress Matilda. [No male surviving issue.]
12/22/1135, Stephen crowned king of England.
1136, William son and heir of Alan fitz Flaald witnessed a charter of King Stephen to Shrewsbury abbey.
1137, William fitz Alan became the sheriff of Shropshire after the death of Pagan fitz John. (S) Anglo-Norman Studies, 2007, P204.
By 1138, William FitzAlan founded the Augustinian priory of Haughmond, Shropshire. (S) FMG.
1138, William the sheriff of Shropshire. (S) FMG.
1138, William, Castellan of Shrewsbury.
5/1138, William, now a kinsman of Robert, Earl of Gloucester, held Shrewsbury castle for him in his rebellion against King Stephen.
8/1138, King Stephen prevailed against the town of Shrewsbury. William fled with his family and left the castle to others who were to surrender it to the King. [The holders of the castle did not surrender, and after a siege, several of those captured, including William’s uncle Arnulf de Hesdinge, were executed.]
1138, John le Strange witnessed a grant by William fitz Alan and his wife Christiana of land in Sheriff Hales to Haughmond church. (S) A Chronicle of the Early Le Stranges, Le Strange, 1916, P25.
2/1141, William, as described by a contemporary writer, fought at the battle of Lincoln on the side of the Empress “in no way inferior to the great Earls who supported her cause”. [King Stephen captured in the battle.]
7/1141 at Oxford, William fitz Alan and his brother Walter witnessed a charter of Empress Maud. (S) Antiquities of Shropshire, V7, Eyton, 1858, P287.
9/14/1141, William a member of Empress Matilda’s forces defeated at the battle of Winchester. [What had started as a siege of by the Matilda’s forces of the royal palace, ended with a siege of the royal castle by the king’s forces.] (S) King Stephen, King, 2011, P169. [Empress Matilda’s brother Robert, earl of Gloucester captured; exchanged for King Stephen the following November; Stephen again crowned King in December.]
Aft. 1141, William fitz Alan attested, with Robert de Dunstanville, Empress Matilda’s grant of Aston to Shrewsbury abbey. (S) Geoffrey de Mandeville, Round, 1892, P418.
1142-48, William spent much of the civil war on his wife’s estate at Keevil in Wiltshire; but also was in Bristol and other places controlled by the Empress. (S) Anglo-Norman Studies, 2007, P204.
10/1147, Empress Maltilda’s half-brother and leader of her forces, Robert, earl of Gloucester, died. [The same year many knights and nobles, including the husband of Empress Matilda, left on crusade; creating a lull in the civil war.]
6/1148, Empress Matilda returned to Normandy. [Matilda would never return to England; but her son Duke Henry would.]
1149, Madog ap Maredudd of Powys built a castle at Owestry because William fitz Alan did not have the forces to oppose him. (S) Struggle for Mastery, Carpenter, 2003, P186. [William, possibly at Bristol, was likely campaigning in support of Duke Henry who was attacking York.]
6/7/1153, William with Henry, Duke of Normandy [future King Henry II], at Leicester when the Duke confirmed his mother’s donations to Haughmond.
1153-4, William married Isabel, Baroness of Clun, the richest heiress in Shropshire. (S) FMG.
12/19/1154, Henry II succeeded King Stephen of England.
Summer/1155, To suppress the rebellion of Hugh de Mortimer, King Henry besieged Cleobury, Wigmore, and Bridgnorth. William a member of the siege forces.
7/7/1155 at Brug during the siege of Bridgnorth, William fitz Alan witnessed a royal charter to Shrewsbury abbey.
7/25/1155, William named by King Henry II as Sheriff of Shropshire; and had his estates restored; and on the same day granted Wroxeter church to Haughmond abbey. (S) Antiquities, V6, P73.
9/1156, ‘Wills fili Alani. Redd Comp.’ in Shropshire discharges his account of the ferm of the King’s demesnes of a sum of £3 11s 4d. (S) FMG.
1157, William, sheriff of Shropshire, supported King Henry’s invasion of Gwynedd, Wales with archers.
1157, William with King Henry II invaded Gwynedd; where the king was nearly killed by the forces of Owain at the battle of Ewloe.
1158, ‘Salopescira.’ Willelmus filius Alani reddit compotum de … in terris datis Johanni Extraneo [7£ 10s] …’, associated with the manor of Ness.
By 1158, William gave the land of ‘Piperinges’ to Haughmond abbey, adding to grants as had been made by ‘his mother Avelina.’
4/1158 at Newnham, Gloucestershire, William witnessed a royal charter to Haughmond abbey, Shropshire.
By 1159, William fitz Alan gave his consent for his knight Gerold de Brelecton to make a land gift to Buildwas abbey. (S) Collections – Staffordshire, V1, 1880, P215.
9/1159, William fitz Alan associated with a payment of £7 10s for the manor of Ness.
4/1160, William died; buried in Shrewesbury abbey. [William gave lands ‘together with his body’ to Shrewsbury abbey; attested by 4 ecclesiastics and 12 laymen including Guy le Strange of Alveley and John le Strange of Cheswardine.]
By 1165, Isabel married 2nd Geoffrey de Vere; gaining possession of Clun and Ruthin castles.
7/1165, Geoffrey de Vere, sheriff of Shropshire, and stepfather of William fitz Alan, Baron of Clun and Owestry.
1170, Geoffrey died.
Bef. 1188, Isabel married 3rd William Boterel.
6/14/1188 at Gaitinton, a fine was levied before King Henry between the Abbot of Lilleshall, and William de Boterell and Ysabella his wife.
~1199, Isabel died.
(S) Antiquities of Shropshire, V7, Eyton, 1858. (S) Court, Household and Itinerary of King Henry II, Eyton, 1878. (S) Lestrange Records, LeStrange, 1916.
Family notes:
·         Undated: William Fitz Alan donated the fishery of Upton-upon-Severn to Haughmond abbey by undated charter, witnessed by ‘Walter his brother, Christiana his wife’. (S) FMG.
·         Undated: ‘William Fitz-Alan with his wife, Dame Christiana, give to God and to the church of St. John of Hamon, … for the remission of the grantors’ sins and the souls’ redemption of their parents and ancestors, and especially for the soul of their son Alan, whose body they had bestowed in burial there [Haughmond].’
·         1161, John le Strange, for the soul of his lord, William Fitz-Alan, son of Alan Fitz-Flaald, gave lands in Iselham to Shrewsbury abbey. (S) Collections – Montgomeryshire, V14, 1881, P288.
·         William’s brother, Walter fitz Alan [died 1177 – ancestor of the House of Stewart]: Walter, son of Alan, was the third son of Alan, son of Flaald. Walter entered the service of David I around 1136 and by the end of his reign, he had become High Steward, an office which was to become hereditary. In later generations, Walter’s descendents would adopt this title as their surname: ‘Stewart’. Walter married Eschina and they had a son, Alan [died 1204], who served as steward to William I. (S) POMS.

Child of William and Christina:
i. Christina FitzAlan (378236416), born ~1153 in England.
Child of William and Isabel:
i. William II FitzAlan (189118208), born ~1155 in England.

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