Family histories with citations for reference and research -- Searching: I use original spellings from various sources. -- "It is a revered thing to see an ancient castle not in decay; how much more to behold an ancient family which has stood against the waves and weathers of time!" - Francis Bacon.
Wednesday, May 8, 2013
G29: 378250240 Albini-Gourney
378250240. Nigel de Albini &
378250241. Gundred de Gourney
~1080, Nigel born in England, s/o 756500480. Roger de Albini & 756500481. Amicia de Mowbray.
Aft. 1081, Nigel’s father died.
~1095, Gundred born in France, d/o 80007784. Gerard de Gournay & 80007785. Ediva de Warren.
8/5/1100, Henry I
crowned King of England. [Nigel’s brother served as ‘Butler’ at the
ceremony; so Nigel, a household knight, likely also attended.]
4/1101-04 at Winchester, Nigel de Aubigny attested a writ to
Roger Picot about the monks at St. Albans.
1103-05, Nigel d’Aubigny [a ‘landless’ knight] and Robert de
Brus, 2 of 6 witnesses to a royal confirmation to the priory of Holy Trinity,
York. (S) Brus Family, Blakely, 2005, P11.
8/29/1105, Nigel de Aubigney and William de Aubigny attested a
notification to Robert, bishop of Lincoln and Hugh de Bocheland of a grant to
St. Albans of an 8 day fair. (S) Regesta Regum Anglo-Normannorum, Davis, 1956,
1105-06, King Henry gave Nigel d’Aubigny control of
Chateau-Gontier in Argentan.
9/28/1106, Nigel at the battle of
Tichenbrae, France; the decisive battle in which Henry I, King of England,
defeated his brother Robert, Duke of Normandy. [Nigel, the King’s bow-bearer,
is said to be the person who captured Duke Robert.]
Aft. 1106, A large portion of the lands of Robert de
Stuteville, captured at Tinchebrae, granted to Nigel d’Aubigny. (S) Early
Yorkshire Charters, V9, 2013, P1.
4/1107-5/1108 at Trumpington, Nigel and Humphrey de Aubigny attested
at writ addressed to Archbishop Gerard [Yorkshire] in favour of the abbey of
[–––Nigel & Maud–––]
1107, Nigel married Maud de Aquila [‘Laigle’, divorced, no
children], wife of imprisoned [in 1095] Robert de Mowbray, his uncle, Earl of
Northumberland [died 1125]. Maud’s marriage to Robert dissolved on the grounds
of consanguinity. Nigel granted the forfeited lands in Normandy [120 knights’
fees] and England [140 knights’ fees] of his uncle Robert de Mowbray, on the
condition that his son Roger would take the name Mowbray.
6/1108-2/1114 at York, Notification to Archbishop Thomas, Nigel
de Aubigny … and all lieges … attested by Robert de Brus.
1109, Nigel attended the King’s council at Nottingham. (S)
Anglo-Norman Warfare, Strickland, 1992, P117.
1109-14, The earliest example of a baronial letter with an
authentic seal – a notification by Nigel to his brother of a request to oversee
his gifts to several religious houses. (S) Littere Baronum, Evergates, 2003, P24.
[Nigel, believing he might be dying, also wrote to King Henry.]
By 8/1111, Nigel accompanied King Henry to Normandy.
2/2/1111-1116, Brothers ‘Willelmo de Albineyo pincerna et
Nigello de Albineyo frater suo’ witnessed a charter of King Henry I of a
donation of the manor of Winterworda to the archbishop of Rouen.
3/2/1112, A royal confirmation to the abbey of Holy Trinity,
Savingy of the gifts of Ralph de Fougeres attested by … Nigel de Aubigny …
William de Aubigny the butler …
1112, King Henry [spending the year in Normandy] imprisoned
earl Robert de Belesme at Keresburch.
Foundation charter of St. Neot’s Priory: ‘… propria manu confirmavi. [seals] …
Signum Neiel de Algineo. (S) History and Antiquities of Eynesbury, Gorham,
7/1113, King Henry returned to England.
2/2/1114 at Windsor, Grant to Geoffrey archbishop of Rouen …
attested … William de Aubigny the butler, and Nigel de Aubigny his brother, …
9/13/1114, Nigel d’Aubein witnessed a royal confirmation of a
settlement between Hyde Abbey and the Bishop of Winchester. (S) Sussex
Archaeological Collections, V41, 1898, P236.
1115, Nigel attended King Henry’s council at Westminster.
7/1115-4/2/1116 at Windsor, Notification to Archbishop Thurstan
[of York], Nigel de Aubigny, … attested by Ranulf the chancellor, Robert count
of Meulan, and William de Tancarvill.
3/19/1116, Nigel attended King Henry’s council at Salisbury.
3/1116, Robert count of Meulan, William earl of Warenne,
William the King’s chamberlain, and Nigel de Aubigny were sent by King Henry to
tell Thurston, bishop of York, that he could do homage to the archbishop of
1117, Nigel repudiated his 1st wife, Mathilde de
Laigle [former wife of Robert de Mowbray], after the death of her brother Gilbert
de Laigle. (S) Sussex County Magazine, V6, Becket, 1932, P193.
[–––Nigel & Gundred–––]
6/1118, By arrangement of King Henry I, Nigel married Gundred.
1118, Nigel appointed as viceroy in Yorkshire and
Northumberland with custody of York castle. (S) Anglo-Norman Warfare,
Strickland, 1992, P117.
10/1118 at Argenten, William de Aubigny, Nigel de Aubigny, and
Humphrey de Aubigny, witnessed King Henry’s settlement of a dispute between the
abbot of Caen and Vitalis of Savigny.
1118-11/1120 at Caen, Nigel de Aubigny attested a royal
notification of a grant to the monks of Tiron.
2/1119, Juliane, d/o King Henry, married to Eustace de Breteuil
of Pacy, attempted to kill her father with a crossbow during the assault of the
castle of Breteuil. [Henry had allowed her hostaged daughters to be blinded.]
Aft. 2/1119, King Henry burns Rainald de Balliol’s castle of
Renouard. Supporting the King were Richard earl of Chester and vicomte of
Avranches; his cousin Ranulf Meschin vicomte of Bayeux; William de Warrene,
earl of Surrey; Walter Giffard, earl of Buckingham; Waleran de Beaumont, count
of Meulan; Robert his brother, earl of Leicester; Ralph de Conches, William de
roumare, Nigel de Aubigny and William his brother; and William de Tancarvill,
the chamberlain in Normandy.
1119, at Rouen ‘in the king’s bed-chamber’, Nigel de Aubigny
witnessed a confirmation of King Henry to Robert, earl of Leicester.
6/1119, King Henry attacked Amaury de Montfort at Evreux.
8/20/1119, The battle of Bremule, France between King Henry I
and King Louis VI of France. [The English winning: Orderic Vitalis … Henry,
king of England, came down into it with 500 knights … 3 earls, Henry of Eu,
William of Warenne, and Walter Giffard. Besides these Roger son of
Richard …, William of Tancarville and William of Roumare, Nigel of Aubigny, and
many more … William Clito, son of Robert duke of Normandy, armed himself there
… in the battle of the two kings, in which about 900 knights were engaged, only
3 were killed … King Henry purchased the standard of King Louis for 20 marks of
silver from the knight who had captured it … ]
10/1119, King Henry laid seiged to Evreux. Stephen, count of
Aumale surrendered at Vieux-Rouen.
12/25/1119, King Henry holds his Christmas court at Bayeux.
Bef. 1120, Robert, earl of Leicester, ‘with the advice of and
encouragement of the earl of Warren, Nigel d’Aubigny and my brother Waleran,
count of Meulan’ adpoted a community of eremites who had settled in Whittlewood
forest, Northamptonshire. (S) Beaumont Twins, Crouch, 2008, P198.
1120 at Caen, Nigel de Aubigny attested a royal charter to
Fulk, the sewer [who replaced Eudo.]
1120-23, Notification of the gift of Geoffrey Ridel’s daughter
to Richard Basset to wife … done at the prayer of Ranulf earl of Chester,
William de Roumare …, Nigel de Aubigny, and others his kinsmen, Geva his
mother, Geoffrey chancellor of Earl Ranulf, … William Meschin son of Ranulf, …
William de Aubigny, … William the constable of Ranulf earl of Chester, …
11/25/1120, King Henry’s son William, heir to the throne, died
at sea; along with many other nobles when the White Ship sank.
5/1121, Nigel de Albini witnessed the King’s grant of marriage
to Milo of Gloucester of Sybill de Newmarch. (S) Women of the English Nobility,
Ward, 1995, P27.
1121-22 at Clarendon, Royal confirmation, for the souls of the
king’s late wife and son, to the canons of St. Oswald’s … attested by Nigel de
Aubigny and Pain Fitz-John.
6/1122 at Perry Court, Nigel de Aubigny attested a notification
to the William, bishop of Winchester.
10/1123, Henry captured the castle of Brionne in Normandy.
10-11/1123, Robert earl of Gloucester and Nigel de Aubigny
support the King in the capturing of Montfort-sur-Risle in Normandy.
Bef. 1124, King Henry gave the fee of William de Arches, held
of the honour of Mowbray, to Nigel d’Aubigny. (S) Early Yorkshire Charters,
Clay, 2013, P2.
1124, King Henry spent the year in Normandy in battle with the
Louis, king of France.
1126, King Henry I confirmed donations of property to the abbey
of Holy Trinity, Lessay by ‘Roger de Albineio and Amicia his wife with the
consent of their sons William and Nigel’.
1128, King Henry invaded France to draw the forces of the
French king away from conflicts in Flanders between William Clito and Thierry
By 1128, Nigel de Aubigny with William, count of Ponthieu,
witnesseed a charter of confirmation in favour of Abbot Warin of St. Evroul.
1129, Notification of the king’s confirmation to St. Stephen’s
Caen, … signatories: Henry the King; Hugh archbishop of Rouen; [bishops of
Bayeux, Lisieux]; Roger of Salisbury; [earls of Gloucester and Chester];
Geoffrey de Magnaville, Nigel de Aubigny; Robert de Hai; and Eustace fitz-John.
Bef. 7/1129 at Caen, Confirmation to the abbot and monks of St.
Evroul, at the prayer of Nigel de Aubigny.
11/26/1129, Nigel died; buried at Bec, Normandy.
1130, ‘Gunderede uxori Nig de Albin’ in Leicestershire.
crowned king of England.
1138, Gundreda, having hosted 12 monks from Furnes in Lancashire
at Thresk castle, sent them to Robert de Alneto, her near relation, where she
supported them until her son came of age.
1140, Roger de Mowbray, at the request of his mother Gundreda
and the Archbishop of York, gave some monks she was supporting his cow pasture
of Cambe, with all the land of Wildon … for their support.
1143, Roger de Mowbray, at the instance of his mother Gundreda,
founded Byland abbey, Yorkshire.
1147, Henry de Lascy confirmed a grant to the monks of
Pontefract of land which Lady Alice, wife of Roger de Mowbray, gave to them for
the soul of her former husband lord Ilbert, Henry’s brother. (S) Record Series,
V25, 1899, P33. [Witnesses included Alice de Albemarle; Gundreda, mother of
Roger de Mowbray; and Matilda, the mother of Alice de Gant’s first husband,
Ilbert de Lacy.]
1147, Gundreda acted as her son Roger’s advisor when the monks
of Byland came into conflict with local landowners. (S) Nobelwomen, Aristocracy
and Power, Johns, 2003, P96.
12/19/1154, Henry II
succeeded King Stephen of England.
Undated: ‘Gundreda, uxor Nigelli de Albini’ donated property to
the Hospital of St Leonard, York which names ‘Rogero de Molbray filio suo.’
Undated: Donation of ‘Hospitale Sancti Michaelis Archangeli’ to Whitby
Monastery, at the request of ‘Dominam Gundredam uxorem Nigelli de Albini’ for
the soul of ‘Rogero de Moubray filio eorum.’
Aft. 1155, Gundred died.
(S) Miscellanea Genealogica Et Heraldica, Bannerman, 2001,
P307. (S) Foundation for Medieval Genealogy. (S) Monasticon Anglicanum,
Dugdale, 1846, P343. (S) English Hist. Rev., 1919.
·Brothers Nigel and William witnessed a total of 236
charters. (S) Monarchy, Magnates and Institutions, Hollister, 1986, P70.
·1138-54, Gundreda witnessed 8 of her son Roger’s
charters; listed as his mother in 4.
·Besides 2 baronies in Yorkshire, Nigel was given
grants in Lincolnshire, Leicester and Cumberland. (S) Brus Family, Blakely,
Child of Nigel and Gundred: i. Roger de Albini de Mowbray (189125120), born 1119 in England.