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Sunday, June 9, 2013

G30: 639664896 Clare-Giffard

639664896. Richard de Clare & 639664897. Rohais Giffard

By 1040, Richard born in Normandy, s/o §Gilbert ‘Crespin’, count of Eu & Brionne.
Rohaise born in Normandy, d/o §Walter Giffard, count of Longueville & Ermendarde ?.
Richard and his brother took refuge in Flanders after their father was murdered.
1053, Richard, Seigneur de Bienfaite et d'Orbec, after William, duke of Normandy, restored these properties to him.
1066, Richard a councilor to Duke William in Normandy.
3/20/1066, Haley’s comet appeard in the sky at its closest point to earth, and was interpreted as an evil omen.
10/14/1066, ‘Ricardus de Benefacta’ a commander at the battle of Hastings with William the Conqueror.
10/25/1066, William I crowned King of England.
1066-67, Richard de Clare was given control of 176 lordships, mainly in Suffolk [95 of which were attached to Clare Castle].
1068, Richard de Clare built the castle of Tonbridge. (S) Guide Kent & Sussex, 2011, P130.
1070, Richard witnessed a royal charter at Salisbury.
1073-4, Richard de Tonbridge, cousin of King William, joint chief justiciar.
1075, Richard de Clare and William de Warren, justices, jointy suppressed a revolt of barons.
1075, Richard, regent of England.
1075, Richard received the lordship of Chepstow as an escheat.
1076, Richard de Clare joint chief justiciar with William de Warren. (S) DNB, Stephen, 1909, P829.
1078-79, Richard and Rohais founded a priory at St. Neots as a Norman cell [which was finished around 1100]. (S) History and Antiquities of Eynesbury, Gorham, 1820, P-CIV.
1079, Charter of William I confirming to the abbey of Jumieges … benefactors named … Richard de Clare, son of count Gilbert. (S) Cal. of Doc.’s Preserved in France, V1, Round, 1899, P54.
12/25/1080, Richard at the Christmas court of King William at Berkeley.
1081, Richard at the court of King William at Winchester.
1085-86, ‘Ricardus de Tonebruge’ in the general survey of England; with his seat at Tunbridge, Kent; which he had exchanged with the Archbishop of Canterbury for the castle of Brione. (S) Magna Charta Barons, Browning, 2002, P93.
1085-86, Rohais Giffard, wife of Richard de Clare, had land entered in the own name as tenent-in-chief in the Domesday Book.
Bef. 1086, Richard de Clare enfeoffed Robert de Watteville of the manor of Salford. (S) Religious Patronage, Cownie, 1998, P178.
9/26/1087, William Rufus crowned King of England; succeeding William the Conqueror. Duke Robert Curthose [the elder brother of the two] succeeded in Normandy.
1088, Hugh Broc held the church of Toppesfiled of Richard de Clare.
~1088, Richard retired as a monk.
4/1090, Richard died fighting the Welsh; ‘Ricardo filio comitis Gisleberti’ buried at St. Neots.
8/5/1100, Henry I crowned King of England.
1113, ‘Henrico regnante Dei gratia Rege Anglorum, Rohes uxor Richardi filii Comitis Gisleberti, dedit Deo, … concessit Gislebertus filius suus, uxorque ejus Aeliz, … Testibus: Willielmo Gyffart, … Fratribusque suis, Rogero, Waltero, Roberto, Eudone Dapifero …’ (S) History and Antiquities of Eynesbury, Gorham, 1820, P-CV.
Rohais died; buried at Colchester.
(S) Foundation for Medieval Genealogy. (S) DNB, V10, Lee, 1887, P389. (S) Domesday People, Keats-Rohan, 1999. (S) Official Baronage of England, V1, Doyle, 1886, P391.
Family notes:
·         Rohaise’s brother Walter succeeded. Her brother William Giffard, bishop of Winchester [1100-1129], and Chancellor of England [1094-1101]. 8/5/1100, Walter present at the coronation of King Henry I.
·         Gilbert, count of Eu & Brionne, guardian of William the Conqueror, assassinated in 1040; s/o Godfrey, Count of Eu, an illegitimate son of Richard the Fearless [reigned 942-996] & Gunnor ?.
·         Originally a Norman family, they took their name from Clare in Suffolk where their first castle, and the seat of their barony, was situated.
·         Walter Giffard brother of Osbert de Bolebec.

Children of Richard and Rohais:
i. Roger Fitz Richard de Clare, born ? in England.

4/1088, Roger and his brother Gilbert besieged at Tonbridge by King William II, and surrendered after 2 days. (S) Religious Patronage, Cownie, 1998, P212.
1090, Roger succeeded his father as Seigneur de Bienfaite et d'Orbec.
1119, Roger saved the life of King Henry I at the battle of Bremule.
Aft. 1131, Roger died; succeeded by his nephew, Gilbert fitz Gilbert de Clare.

ii. Gilbert Fitz Richard de Clare (319832448), born ~1070 in England.
iiii. Rohais Fitz Richard de Clare, born ? in England.

Rohais married Eudo dapifer, steward to King Henry I.
1/1120, Eudo died; Rohaise surviving and given her dower lands.
1/7/1121, Rohese died; buried at Le Bec, Normandy.

iv. Adeliza Fitz Richard de Clare, born ? in England.

Bef. 1086, Adeliza married Walter Tyrol [murderer of King William Rufus, heir & s/o William the Conqueror]. Richard de Clare enfeoffed Walter with Laingaham, Essex.
1124, Walter died.
1130, Adeliz in possession of Laingaham, Essex. (S) Fuedal England, Round, 1895, P470.
1138, Adeliza died.

v. Avice Fitz Richard de Clare, born ? in England.

Bef. 1086, Avice married Radulf de Filgeriis, seigneur de Fougeres, Brittany.
1124, Ralph died in Brittany.

vi. Walter Fitz Richard de Clare, born ? in England.

Walter the founder of Tintern abbey.
1113, Foundation charter of St. Neot’s Priory: ‘… propria manu confirmavi. [seals] … Signum Walteri filii Ricardi. (S) History and Antiquities of Eynesbury, Gorham, 1820, P-CV.

vii. Richard Fitz Richard de Clare, born ? in England.

Richard the Bishop of Ely.

viii. Robert Fitz Richard de Clare, born ? in England.

Robert a steward to King Henry I.