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Wednesday, June 12, 2013

G30: 756441098 Flanders-Capet

756441098. Count Baldwin V of Flanders & 756441099. Adela Capet

10/24/996, Robert II, the pious, succeeded as King of France.
1009, Adela Capet born in France, d/o 1512882198. King Robert II “the pious” & 1512882199. Constance of Arles.
1012-3, Boudouin de Flandre born in Flanders, s/o 1512882196. Baldwin IV of Flanders & 1512882197. Ogive de Luxembourg.
1/1026, Adela 1st married to Richard III, count of Normandy [s/o Richard the Good], when ‘Richardus Nortmannorum dux’ agreed to grants of property to Adela [on the occasion of their marriage.]
8/26/1027, Richard III died.
1027-8, Count Baudouin IV arranged the betrothal of his son [Baldwin V] to the French king's daughter [Adela] to help restore good relations.
4/14/1028, Henry III succeeded as King of Germany.
[–––Baldwin & Adela–––]
1028, Adela betrothed to Baldwin [by his father.]
1028, Baldwin rebelled against his father. His father had to take refuge in Normandy.
1029, Baldwin gave Richard of Saint-Vanne the abbacies of Saint Peter and Saint Bavo in Ghent. (S) Creating the Monastic Past, Uge, 2005, P8.
3/9/1030, Baldwin’s mother died; buried at St Peter, Gent.
1030, Duke Robert of Normandy [brother and successor of Adela’s 1st husband] promised to aid Robert II of France against Baldwin V, count of Flanders.
1030, Baldwin and his father reconciled and joint rule was arranged through a truce.
1031, Baldwin formally married Adela.
7/20/1031, Adela’s brother Henry I became King of France on the death of their father.
4/1032 at Orleans, Baldwin of Flanders, Fulk Nerra, Robert of Burgundy, Robert of Normandy, Herbert of maine, and Odo II of Blois some of the great magnates at the court of King Henry I. (S) Fulk Nerra, Bachrach, 1993, P210.
1033, Queen Constance, mother of King Henry I of France, gave half of Sens to Odo, count of Blois, which Odo occupied. Duke Robert of Normandy came to King Henry’s assistance. Others supporting Henry were Fulk Nerra of Anjou and Baldwin of Flanders.
5/30/1035, Baldwin succeeded his father.
1037, Baldwin gave sancturary to exiled Emma of England, d/o Duke Richard I of Normandy; widow of King Cnut of Denmark.
1038, Baldwin gave a charter in favor of Marchiennes abbey [northeast of Lens], witnessed by Eustace of Boulogne. [Baldwin’s seal is one of the earliest uses of an aristocratic seal.]
1039, Baldwin and Adela hosted Emma of England’s son Harthacnut, who had arrived with a fleet of ships.
1039, Baldwin, Countess Adela [‘of royal descent’], their sons Baldwin and Robert, and Eustace I of Boulogne all witnessed the charter founding the abbey of Phalempin [north of Lens.]
1040, Baldwin hosted Richard and Baldwin, sons of assassinated Gilbert of Brionne.
1040, Hardicanute became king of both Denmark and England.
1041, Baldwin V arranged for the burial of Walter II of Lens in the abbatial church of Saint Amand.
1042, ‘Marquis Baldwin of Flanders’ gave a charter in favor of St. Bertin abbey in the seigneruie of Arques, witnessed by Eustace of Boulogne.
1042, Edward the Confessor succeeded Harthacnut as King of England.
1043, Baldwin unified his Flemish knights by declaring the Truce of God. [Issued as ‘pax comitis’, it restricted when personal combats and other violent activites could take place.] (S) Sleep of Behemoth, Malegam, 2013, P45.
1044, Baldwin gave refuge to Svane, earl of Somerset [eldest son of Godwin, earl of Wessex] when he was banished from England. (S) Nottinghamshire, Cox, 1738, P826.
1046, Baldwin gave a charter in favor of Marchiennes abbey, witnessed by Eustace of Boulogne.
10/1046, Godefrio of Upper Lorraine and Baldwin V attacked and burned the German royal palace at Nijmegen.
10/25/1046, Godefrio of Upper Lorraine and Baldwin V attacked the town of Verdun.
12/25/1046, Eustace II and Baldwin V witnessed a charter of King Henry I of France to St. Medard.
12/25/1046, Henry III, King of Germany, succeeded as Holy Roman Emperor.
1047, Baldwin participated in the Lotharingian rebellion against Emperor Henry III.
1047, Building on his father’s conquest of Ename in Germany, Baldwin took over the entire area between the Scheldt and the Dender. (S) Flanders, Vries, 2007, P116.
1047-49, Baldwin harboured Earl Swegn, and the viking raiders Lothen, Yrling and Osgot Clapa [all enemies of King Edward of England.]
1048 at Senlis, Duke William and Count Baldwin attested a charter of King Henry of France.
1048, Count Baldwin V solicited a new abbot for Saint Vaast and Marchiennes.
1049, King Edward ‘the Confessor’ of England, supported by Denmark, put a naval blockade around Flanders. Emperor Henry III attacked on land. Baldwin eventually capitulated.
10/1049 at the Council of Rheims, Pope Leo IX prohibited the marriage of Baldwin’s daughter Mathilda to William of Normandy.
1049-50, Baldwin and Adela attended their daughter Matilda’s wedding at Eu. [To future William the Conqueror.]
1050, Baldwin signed a charter of his son-in-law Duke William to the monastery of St.-Pierre-de-Preux.
1051, Baldwin [the son] married to Ludita ?, with ‘consensu patris.’ [Baldwin, the father.]
1051, Baldwin again rebelled against Emperor Henry III. [Which cost his son Baldwin his title to Antwerp.]
10/1051, Earl Godwin of Wessex, England; his younger son Tostig [married to Judith, Baldwin’s half-sister], having been expelled from England took refuge at Baldwin’s court.
5/1/1052, Countess Adela, wife of Baldwin V of Flanders, present at a ceremony with her brother Odo, ‘The day of the elevation of the new relics’ at St. Bertin. (S) Creating the Monastic Past, Uge, 2005, P87. [Adela donated fine cloth to enshroud the relics, and a salt marsh to honor the saint.]
1053, Baldwin began fortifications at Ghent. (S) Belgium, Tourettes, 1840, P135.
1054, Baldwin built the castle of Lille [on an island.] (S) Medieval Women, Watt, 1997, P97. [Eustace of Boulogne’s nephew Lambert of Lens died in battle this year at Lille, in support of Baldwin.]
7/17/1054, Henry IV succeeded as King of Germany.
7-8/1054, King Henry IV made an unsuccessful expedition against Baldwin. (S) Henry IV, Robinson, 2003, P24.
1055, Baldwin’s ally against King Henry IV, Godfrey the Bearded [duke of Upper Lorraine], made a separate peace with the king. [King Henry had captured Godfrey’s family.]
1056, Baldwin issued a charter for St. Bertin witnessed by Eustace of Boulogne and Gerbod, advocate of St. Bertin.
1056, Marchysus Baldwin and Comitissa Adela issued a charter to the abbey of St. Peter, Ghent. (S) Battle Conference, 1990, P212.
1057, Adela, wife of Baldwin, called on the abbess of Denain to found her own Benedictine monastery of Messines. (S) Monastic Reform, Vanderputtten, 2013, P163.
1057, Baldwin performed homage to King Henry IV of Germany for Valenciennes, Gent, Alost and lands beyond the Scheldt; and to the King of France for Flanders.
5/23/1059, Philip I, age 7, crowned King of France. [Rex designatus.]
8/4/1060, Adela’s brother, King Henry I of France, died. Baldwin became the primary adviser to Anne, mother of King Philip, age 8, who was acting as regent. [Baldwin was also given guardianship of Philip. In a charter Baldwin is called “head of the royal palace”.]
1062, Baldwin gave his son Robert the count of Waes. (S) New System of Geography, Busching, 1762, P297.
1062, Baldwin, as guardian of King Philip, suppressed an insurrection of Gascons. (S) History of Great Britain, V1, Andrews, 1794, P71.
1063, Baldwin established a new Benedictine community at Ename. (S) Monastic Reform, Vanderputtten, 2013, P164.
1065, Tostig, earl of Northumberland in England, took refuge in Baldwin’s court.
1065, Countess Adela of Flanders contracted a ‘conventio’ with Abbess Elisabeth of Montivilliers. (S) Robert Curthose, Aird, 2011, P34.
3/20/1066, Haley’s comet appeard in the sky at its closest point to earth, and was interpreted as an evil omen.
5/1066, King Philip reached his majority and took over rule of France.
10/14/1066, Duke Willam of Normandy [Baldwin’s son-in-law] defeated killed King Harold at the Battle of Hastings, and became William the Conqueror of England.
Bef. 1067, Countess Adela and her husband Baldwin wrote to Archbishop Gervase of Reims requesting on St. Donatian. (S) Writing Medieval Biography, Bates, 2006, P112.
8/1067, Baldwin, in association with the King of France, attacked Robert [Rechin] the Burgundian. (S) Robert the Burgundian, Jessee, 2000, P77.
9/1/1067, Baldwin ‘the debonnaire’ died; buried at St. Pierre, Lille.
1068-71, Adela, Flandrensis comitissa, in an agreement with the abbess of Montvilliers. (S) Haskins Soc. Journal, V22, 2010, P73.
1072, At the instance of his mother Adela, Count Robert founded the priory of Watten near St. Omer. (S) History of Sacerdotal Celibacy, V1, Lea, 1907, P313.
1074, King Philip siezed Corbie, part of the dower of Adela. (S) Encyclopedia Britannica, V21, 1911, P378.
1076, Adela and her son Count Robert applied to Pope Gregory VII to clarify what they should do to those who did not comply with his reforms. (S) History of Sacerdotal Celibacy, V1, Lea, 1907, P312.
1/8/1079, Adela died; buried at the Benedictine monaster at Messines.
(S) The Capetians, Bradbury, 2007. (S) Conqueror’s Son, Lack, 2007. (S) Queen of the Conqueror, Borman, 2012. (S) Foundation for Medieval Genealogy. (S) Families, Friends and Allies, Tanner, 2004, P83. (S) Norman Conquest, Barlow, 1983.

Child of Richard and Adela:
i. Alice of Normandy, born by 1028 in Normandy.

Alice married married Radulfe, Viscount of Bayeux: son Radulfe, Viscount of Bayeux, father of 159916040. Ranulph III de Meschines.

Children of Baldwin and Adela:
i. Baldwin VI (1512883264), born ~1031 in Flanders.

Baldwin ‘of Mons’ sent to the court of Emperor Heinrich III to be educated.
1045, Emperor Heinrich III installed Baldwin as Count in the March of Antwerp.
1050, Baldwin lost his title when his father opposed the Emperor.
1051, Baldwin still a minor, married to Ludita ?, with ‘consensu patris.’
1055, Baldwin married Richilde [widow of Herman, comte de Hainaut]; becoming comte de Hainaut.
10/14/1066, Baldwin supported Duke William at the Battle of hastings, receiving a pension of 300 silver marks from the English treasury.
9/1/1067, Baldwin succeeded his father.
7/17/1070, ‘Baldwinus marchisus, qui Hasnoni sepultus est’ died.
1070, Richilde married 2nd William fitz Osbern of Bretueil. [No children.]
2/22/1071, Richilde captured at the battle of Cassel. Richalde exchanged for captured Robert the Frisian; and the battle continued. [Son Arnulf and husband William died at the battle.]
3/15/1087, Richailde died.
Children: Arnulf [born 1055, succeeded 1070, died 2/22/1071 at the battle of Cassel]. Baldwin II (756441632), Count of Hainaut, died 6/1098.
Children of Baldwin II: Baldwin III Count of Hainaut (378220816) married Yolende of Gueldre (378220817), d/o Gerhard I, count of Geldern & Clementia. (S) Kleeberg Fragment, Jackman, P69; Ida of Hainault (159277173), born ~1110 in Hainaut.

ii. Matilda of Flanders (378220549), born ~1033 in Flanders.
iii. Robert I ‘the Frisian’ (756441640), born ~1035 in Flanders.

1063, ‘Rodbertus, Baldwini potentissimi iunior filius, Frisiam subintrat.’ (S) FMG.