Thursday, June 13, 2013
G30: 756441100 King Duncan Mac Crinain
1001, Duncan born in Scotland, s/o §Crinan “the Thane” Mormaer of Atholl & Bethoc of Scotland.
1005, Mael Coluim mac Cinaeda [Malcolm II] succeeded as King of Scotland.
Sybilla born in northern England, d/o §Earl Siward, a Dane.
10/18/1016, King Edmund of England, defeated at the battle of Ashingdon, gave Danish King Cnut all of England except for Wessex [which would be included on the death of Edmund.]
11/30/1016, Cnut became King of Denmark and all of England.
1018, The battle of Carham established the Scottish claim to [Northumbria] land south of the Tweed. [Battle between ‘Huctredum filium Waldef comitem Northymbrorum’ and ‘Malcolmum filium Cyneth regem Scottorum.’]
1018, By appointment of his grandfather, King Malcolm II, Duncan succeeded as King of Strathclyde [southwest Scotland]; succeeding Owen-the-Bald, the British King.
1031, King Canute of Denmark and England visited Scotland and received homage from its leaders. [After visiting Rome.]
11/25/1034, Ducan ursuped to the crown of Scotland [Malcolm II had no surviving sons]. Duncan started immediately to eliminate anyone with a claim to the crown. [Duncan also the next heir of Malcolm I: his paternal grandfather, Duncan of Atholl, was the 3rd son of Malcolm I.]
1035, Mac Beath [Shakespears’ Macbeth], Mormaor of Moray [northeast coast of the middle of Scotland], and his 1st cousin, was poisoned, likely by Duncan; but recovered due to a local priest identifying the poison as meiklewort.
1035, Ducan raised an army of 3000 to invade Caithness [northeaster tip of Scotland] by sea. Earl Thorfinn Sigurdson of Orkney [half-brother of Mac Beath, Orkney the islands off the coast of Caithness] found out about the attack and countered with a fleet from Kirk Cuthert in Galloway [in southern Scotland on the boarder of Northumbria, England], landing an army of 2000 men. Duncan’s forces [he was not the commander] had split up and were defeated by the locals and the forces of Thorfinn, who took no prisoners.
7/1035, Duncan, with 11 ships borrowed from his father-in-law, sent 2600 soldiers with 200 horses against Thorfinn’s lands of Galloway. The ‘Orkneyingasaga’ gives a graphic account of the sea fight in which the heavily outnumbered Thorfinn captured or sank 6 of the war galleys, during which sea battle, Thorfinn grappled and boarded King Duncan’s ship. Duncan fled to another ship lying alongside and ordered his 5 surviving ships to retreat homewards.
11/12/1035, King Canute of Denmark and England died, naming his son Hardicanute as his heir. Hardicanute remained in Denmark, and England split, the south loyal to Hardicanute, the north loyal to Harold, Hardicanute’s half brother.
1035-38, Thorfinn assembled a fleet and manned it with 3000 Orcadians and Shetlanders to invade the East coast of Scotland and exact his revenge and punish the Mormaors who had supported Duncan with men and money. There was great destruction and loss of life before Thorfinn laden with plunder returned to Orkney.
1038, Duncan made a series of attacks into Northumbria.
1039, Duncan decided to embark on a major military expedition to annex Northumbria [home of his father-in-law] and Durham to the Scottish crown. Duncan besieged Durham for 2 weeks. Earl Siward landed his army on the banks of the Wear river and attacked the Scots from behind. Almost all of the Scottish army was wiped out; only a few mounted soldiers escaping, including Duncan.
1039-40, Duncan returned to a revolt of the Mormaors and Thanes who wanted to replace him with Mac Beath.
1040, Hardicanute became king of both Denmark and England.
1040, Duncan with an army of about 5000, from Dublin, Saxony and Northumbria, invaded Moray. The main goal was to kill Mac Beath and all members of his family. Duncan again made the mistake of dividing his forces.
8/14/1040, Duncan commanding the non-Irish forces attacked Torfness and were met by the forces of Thorfinn, both sides suffering heavy casualties; but Thorfinn’s forces gaining the victory. Duncan fled with about 500 men.
8/1040, Mac Beath, hearing news of the victory, took 300 mounted men and caught up with Duncan near Spynie. The forces engaged in an all-out battle in which the wounded Mac Beath was able to severly wound Duncan and knock him off his mount.
8/1040, Duncan “the Vicious” died during the night due to hemorrhaging from his wounds. Thorfinn had Duncan’s body taken by longship to Iona for burial; where Mac Beath was elected King.
4/3/1043, Edward the Confessor became King of England.
(S) Celtic Scotland, V1, Skene, 1876. (S) Foundation for Medieval Genealogy.
· Bethoc of Scotland also married to Crinan, lay abbot of Dunkeld.
· In 1057, Duncan’s son Malcolm would kill Mac Beath in battle.
· Duncan and Mac Beath were cousins.
Children of Duncan and Sybilla:
- G30: 973530162 Thornham-Fossard
- G30: 973528578 Warenne-Pierrepont
- G30: 973528576 Bardulf-Hanselyn
- G30: 973515264 William Lovel
- G30: 973512768 Mohun-Brewer
- G30: 756539736 Oliver de Tracy
- G30: 378220820 Lorraine-Flandre-Formbach-Louvain
- G30: 756501362 Lorraine-Hohenstaufen
- G30: 756501360 Burgundy-Blois
- G30: 756500480 Albini-Mowbray
- G30: 756473368 Eu-Sulli
- G30: 756473352 Mandeville-Vere-Beauchamp
- G30: 756472974 Burgundy-Bourgogne
- G30: 756472972 Belleme-Ponthieu
- G30: 756441724 Boulogne-Lotharingia
- G30: 756441640 Flanders-Saxony-Holland
- G30: 756441482 Savoy-Burgundy
- G30: 756441250 King Alfonso of Castile and Leon
- Medieval Genealogically-Relevant Definitions
- G30: 756441248 Burgundy-Vienne
- G30: 756441102 Aetheling-Hungary
- G30: 756441100 King Duncan Mac Crinain
- G30: 756441098 Flanders-Capet
- G30: 756441096 Normandy-Falaise
- G30: 650215424 Gilbert Malet
- G30: 639677060 Blois-Maine
- G30: 639664896 Clare-Giffard
- G30: 639664244 Warenne-Flanders
- G30: 639664242 Northumberland-Lens
- G30: 639664140 Montgomery-Tavas
- G30: 638797314 Edgar Atheling
- G30: 638797312 Ivry-Meulan
- G30: 636464188 Gael-Hereford
- G30: 636464186 France-Vermandois
- G30: 636464184 Beaumont-Meulan
- G29: 486788024 John le Strange
- G29: 486787864 Newburgh-Perche
- G29: 486787858 Senlis-Beaumont
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