Tuesday, July 23, 2013

G32: 3025764398 Arles-Provence-Anjou

3025764398. William, comte d’Arles and Marquis de Provence & 3025764399. Adelaide-Blanche of Anjou.

William born in d’Arles, s/o §Boson, comte d´Arles & Constantia of Viennois.
Adelaide-Blanche of Anjou, d/o §Foulques I ‘le Roux’ Comte d'Anjou & Roscille de Loches.
949, Provence divided into 4 feudal counties. (S) Provence, Facaros, 2004, P285.
9/12/954, King Lothair succeeded King Louis IV as King of the West Franks.
 [–––Adelaide & Etienne–––]
~960, Adelaide married 1st to Etienne de Brioude. [2 sons: Pons and Bertrand 1 daughter Ermengarde.]
5/963, ‘Boso comes et uxor sua Constantia … illorum filii … Willelmus comes, Rotbaldus comes, Pontius juvenis’ signed the charter by which ‘Gencius et uxor mea Aiburga’ donated property to Monmajour, for the souls of ‘seniore meo Bosone et uxor sua quondam.’
5/965, ‘Bosoni comitis, filii Rothboldi quondam’ donated property  acquired by his father to ‘ecclesiam sancte Marie et sancti Stephani Avinionensis’ with consent of ‘eius filio Rothboldo et fratre eius Wilelmo comite.’
967-8, Count Boson and his son William presided over a tribunal. (S) Development of Southern French and Catalan Society, Lewis, 1965, P214.
968, William’s father died.
[–––William & Arsinde–––]
William married 1st Arsinde ?.
4/970, ‘Wilelmus comes Provincie et coniunx mea Arsinna’ donated property to Saint-Victor de Marseille.
970, William settled Italian count Ugo Blavia near Frejus.
972, The Saracens captured the Abbot of Cluny and took them as hostages to Fraxinet.
972, William of Provence, ‘the liberator’, destroyed the Saracen fortress at Fraxinetum. (S) History of the City of Rome, V3, Gregorovius, 1903, P391.
973, William defeated the Saracens at the battle of Tourtour.
975, Count William of Provence and Ardoin, Marquess of Turin, drove out Spanish-Saracen pirates from Garde Freinet on the coast of Provence, the last in southern France. (S) A Tale of Two Passes, Putnam, 2008, P121.
[Undated,, bef. death of Etienne]: ‘Stephanus [Etienne] filius quondam Bertrandi et Emildis’ restored property to Saint-Julien de Brioude which he had usurped after his father died, signed by ‘domina Adalaiz [Adelaide] … mariti sui Stephani atque filiorum suorum Poncii et Bertranni [Sons Pons and Bertrand].’
[–––Adelaide & Raymond–––]
~976, Adelaide married 2nd to Raymond IV, comte de Toulouse.
979, William became Count of Arles.
4/17/979, ‘Vuilelmus [William] marchius Arelatense Provintie’ donated property ‘in comitatu Avinionense, in agro Rupiano …" to Saint-Victor, Marseille, signed by ‘Arsinda comitissa’ [Arsinde.]
Raymond died: ‘Adelaidem, Ragemundi nuper defuncti ducis Gothorum uxorem.’
[–––Adelaide & Louis–––]
982, Louis V of France married Adelaide-Blanche of Anjou [The same day they were crowned King and Queen at Aquitaine. The marriage arranged by King Lothair, Adelaide was much older than Louis.] (S) The Carolingians, Riche, 1993, P265.
984, Louis V divorced Adelaide.
 [–––William & Adelaide–––]
By 986, Adelaide-Blanche married William I ‘le Liberateur’.
3/2/986, King Lothair succeeded by his son King louis V.
5/29/987 at Senlis, Hugh Capet succeeded King Louis V as King of the West Franks.
8/28/990, ‘Willelmus comes’ donated property to Cluny, signed by ‘Rodbaldus comes [William’s brother], Adalaix comitissa, Wilelmus comes et filius eius Wilelmus.’
992, ‘Dominus princeps et marchio istius provinciæ … Willelmus cum coniuge su a… Adelaix et filio suo … Willelmo’ restored property to the abbey of Saint-Césaire d´Arles.
Aft. 8/29/993, William II of Provence died; buried at Sarrians, église de Sainte-Croix.
Adelaide regent for her son.
Aft. 993, ‘Rotbaldus marchio et conjux mea … Eimildis’ donated land to Cluny by signed by ‘Adalax comitissa et filius suus Willelmus.’
10/24/996, King Robert II succeeded his father Hugh as King of the Franks.
1000, ‘duo germani fratres … Pontius, alter Bertrandus’ [Adelaide’s sons by Etienne] donated property to Saint-Chaffre for the souls of ‘patris sui Stephani matrisque nomine Alaicis’.
6/7/1002, Henrich II succeeded as King of Germany.
1002, ‘Rotbaldus comes et coniux mea Ermengarda’ donated land to Monmajour, signed by ‘Willelmus nepos suus … Adalax comitissa.’
1003, ‘Adalaiz comitissa’ donated property to Saint-Victor de Marseille, subscribed by ‘Emma comitissa … Wilelmus comes.’
1/1004, Pope John XVIII succeeded Pope John XVII.
1005, ‘Pontius … Massiliensis ecclesie pontifex’ issued a charter with the consent of ‘… domne Adalaizis comitisse, domnique Guillelmi comitis filii eius.’
9/1016, Pope Benedict VIII refers to ‘domnæ Adeleidi comitissæ cognomento Blanchæ’ in a document.
5/30/1018, ‘Adalax comitissa mater Villelmi quondam Provintie comitis et Geriberga eque comitissa … eiusdem principis olim uxor’ donated property to Saint-Victor de Marseille for the soul of their late son and husband.
1024, ‘Vuilelmus filius Rodbaldi’ donated property to Marseille Saint-Victor, signed by ‘Adalaiz comitissa.’
5/29/1026, Adelaide died; buried Montmajour, near Arles.
(S) Foundation for Medieval Genealogy.
Family notes:
·         Boson, s/o §Rotbald I.
·         Adelaide-Blanche of Anjou, sister of Geoffrey d’Anjou, and aunt of Fulk III Nerra of Anjou.
Children of William and Adelaide:

i. William III of Provence, born 986-7 in Arles, France.

[See above for William in charters with his parents.]
993, William succeeded his father as Comte de Provence.
1002, William married Gerberge de Macon, d/o Otto-William, Count of Burgundy & Ermentrude de Roucy [sister of Rainald I of Burgundy.]
1013, ‘Wilelmus comes Provincie coniugisque mea Girberga cum filio nostro Wilelmo’ donated property to Saint-Victor de Marseille.
Bef. 5/30/1018, William died.
1019, ‘Geriberga comitissa’ donated property to Saint-Victor de Marseille for the soul of ‘senioris mei Guilelmi comitis Provincie.’

ii. Constance of Arles (1512882199), born ~989 in Arles, France.

Sunday, July 7, 2013

G31: 1300430848 Malet-Crispin

1300430848. William Malet & 1300430849. Heselia Crispin

~1020, William, ‘Sire de Graville,’ born in Normandy.
~1025, Heselia Crispin born in Normandy, France, d/o §Gilbert Crispin, castellan of Tillieres in the Vexin, & Gunnor ?.
4/3/1043, Edward the Confessor, became King of England.
Bef. 1066, William associated with Earl Harold Godwinson of England. (S) The Normans, Crouch, 2006, P87.
1/5/1066, Harold Godwinson elected King of England.
3/20/1066, Haley’s comet appeard in the sky at its closest point to earth, and was interpreted as an evil omen.
10/14/1066, William and son Robert participated in the Battle of Hastings. When the battle was over, Duke William entrusted William Malet to attend to the burial of the dead English King.
9/1066, King Harald of Norway defeated the English in battle near York.
10/25/1066, William the Conqueror crowned King of England.
1068, King William travelled through England building castles. Nottingham was assigned to William Peverel, Warwick to Henry de Beaumont, and William appointed Sheriff of York. [Record of Odericus: ‘William surveyed the most unaccessible points in the country, and selecting suitable spots, fortified them against the enemy’s incusions.’]
1068, King William returned to Normandy [which provided the opportunity for rebellion.]
1/1069, William serving under Robert Fitz-Richard and William of Ghent, with 500 picked knights had to fight off a local revolt, headed by Edgar the Atheling. Robert Fitz-Richard and many of his men were killed and it was only by the timely arrival of King William that the City was saved.
2/1069, Robert Fitz-Richard murdered at Durham. William appointed castellan of York.
2-4/1069, Back in England, King William devastated York and burned the countryside.
9/21/1069 at a siege of York, William, his wife and 2 of his children were captured by a combined force of Danes and English under Sweyn of Denmark, supported by Earls Waltheof and Gospatric and the Northumbrians. William, the governor of York, lost all of his land holdings in Yorkshire. [The Danes are said to have had 240 ships. The Normans to have lost 3000. The cathedral was burnt. At this time the ‘locals’ likely supported the Danes.]
1069, King William again marched north and defeated the invaders.
12/25/1069, William celebrated Christmas in the ruins of York.
1069-70, William was named Sheriff of Suffolk. William given the largest fife in East Anglia including lands in Suffolk, Norfolk and Essex. William built his home called Castle Mound, at Eye, Suffolk.
~1071, William died fighting “Hereward the Wake” in the Fens, near Ely Cathedral [in the middle of the Malet holdings]. (S) The Domesday Book: “... He went into the marsh ... he went on the King’s service, where he died.”
1085, Elesia holding lands in dower in Suffolk. [Hesilia, ‘Mother of Robert Malet’, is recorded in Domesday multiple times.]
(S) Notices of an English Branch of the Malet Family, Arthur Malet, 1885, PP22-23, App’s C1-C2 & PP1-17, App’s A1-A10. (S) Battle Conference, 1996, P122ff. (S) Domesday York, Is78, Palliser, P3.
Family notes:
·         1040, King Henry besieged and destroyed the Norman outpost of Tillieres-sur-Avre [land of Duke William], held by Gilbert Crispin for Blois.
·         William and his brother Durand held lands in Lincolnshire, England, during the reign of Edward the Confessor, and through the reign of Harold right up to the conquest, in addition to those in Normandy. These Lincolnshire holdings, all in the Danelaw, probably came from William and Durand’s mother. After the conquest William’s English holdings were greatly increased, again, principally in the Danelaw, as English lands were taken from their Saxon owners and handed over to Norman Barons.
·         The Malet Castle at Graville Sainte Honorine had an important strategic location at the mouth of the Seine.
·         The Malet Coat of Arms can be seen on the Bayeux tapestry.
·         The Abbey church in which some of the Malets are buried is in the town of Le Havre, France.

Children of William and Heselia:
i. Robert Malet, born ~1045 in France.

Robert married Elisee De Brionne.
By 1066, Robert a witness in a charter of William, Count of the Normans, to the Abbey of Jumieges.
1071, Robert named Sheriff of Suffolk, succeeding his father William. The bulk Robert’s properties were in Suffolk and Norfolk, and comprised land in 137 parishes in that county, as well as 35 in Yorkshire, 22 in Norfolk, 6 in Lincolnshire, 4 in Essex, 2 in Nottinghamshire, 1 in Rutland, and 1 in Surrey. The size of individual holdings ranged from a few acres to entire parishes, and the total land area is estimated to have been at least 75,000 acres, of which 47,000 were located in Suffolk, making Robert the second largest landowner there, behind only the Abbot of Bury St. Edmunds.
1075, Robert was responsible for suppressing the rebellion of Ralph, Earl of Norfolk.
1076-83, Robert Malet grante to the priory of Eye the church of Eye and all the churches in the neighbouring town of Dunwich. (S) Cyclopedia of Education, V5, 1913, P259.
Robert was appointed to the office of “Great Chamberlain of England”. It’s possible he may have been the first Great Chamberlain of England, a title which passed to his relative Aubrey (Alberic) II de Vere upon his death.
Bef. 1086, Robert responsible for establishing Eye park as a hunting preserve, one of only four such parks mentioned in the Suffolk Domesday book.
1086, Robert listed in the Domesday survey. He had inherited most of his father’s estates in Suffolk, Yorks, Norfolk, Surrey, Notts, Rutland, Lincoln, Cheshire, and Essex.
1087, Robert was responsible for establishing the Benedictine priory of St. Peter.
Aft. 1087, [and after the death of William I] Robert was deprived of the Honour of Eye and was banished from the kingdom. [probably by William I’s son Rufus.]
1100, Henry, youngest s/o William I, became King; Robert Malet was there to witness his first Charter.
1104, in London, Robert Malet attested a writ of Queen Matilda.
9/28/1106, Robert died at the battle of Tinchebrae, France; the decisive battle in which Henry, King of England, defeated his brother Robert, Duke of Normandy.
Child: William Malet, born ~1070 in Eye, Suffolk, England. 1096, William was one of Duke Robert's companions in the first Crusade. 1110, William was banished from England by Henry I for participation in the rebellion of Helias, Earl of Mayne.

ii. Gilbert Malet (650215424), born ~1050 in France.

iii. Beatrice Malet, born ~1055 in France.

~1080, Beatrice married William De Arches.
[Beatrice’s grant in aid to the village of Radingfield a source of the early family information.]

Saturday, July 6, 2013

G31: 1277594624 Gouel-Breteuil

1277594624. Earl Ascelin Gouel & 1277594625. Isabella de Bretevil

~1055, Ascelin born in Breherval, Normandy, France, s/o §Lord Robert de Breherval & Hildeburgis de Gallardon.
8/4/1060, Philip I succeeded as King of France.
~1065, Isabella born in Normandy, France, natural d/o 2555189250. William of Breteuil & 2555189251. Adeline de Montfort-sur-Risle.
10/25/1066, in London, William I [the Conqueror] crowned King of England.
1083, Ascelin’s father died.
1086, Ascelin Gouel [de Percheval] held Richmont castle in England of Geffrey, bishop of Constances. (S) Proceedings – Somerset, V52, 1907, P81.
7/1087, King William led an expedition against Vexin after attacks by King Philip of France, capturing Chaumont, Pontoise, and Mantes. Ascelin commanded the Norman forces at the siege of Mante.
9/26/1087, William Rufus crowned King of England; succeeding William the Conqueror. His elder brother Robert became Duke of Normandy.
1088-89, Robert, count of Meulan, claimed the southeast-Norman frontier castle of Ivry-la-Bataille in right of his father. The castle was held by William of Breteuil.
1089, ‘Ascelinus cognomento Goellus’ captured ‘arcem Ibreii’ from ‘Guillelmo Bretoliensi domino suo’ and surrendered it to Duke Robert fo Normandy, who resold it back to Guillaume de Breteuil for ‘MD libras’, triggering a lengthy war.
2/1090, William of Breteuil defeated by the forces of Roger de Toeni and Ascelin Gouel in which William and many other nobles were taken captive.
6/1090, Ascelin released William of Breteuil for a ransom of 3000 livres, and the agreements that Ascelin would marry his daughter, and Roger de Tony, his cousin, would be named his heir, and he had to give the castle of Yvery to Ascelin.
1091, William of Breteuil fortified the monastery of St. Mary, near Yvery. [Roger de Tony and many other nobles had left on crusade.]
2/1091, Ascelin Gouel found an ally in Richard de Montfort after his brother Amaury de Montfort was killed by forces of  William of Breteuil. (S) Robert Curthose, Aird, 2011, P130.
7/1091, Ascelin Gouel captured the fortified monastery of St. Mary.
1092, Robert of Belleme arranged a [short-lived] peace agreement between William de Bretevil and Ascelin Gouel. (S) Sussex County Mag., V11, 1937, P709.
1093-94, William of Breteuil and Ascelin Gouel continued to wage war.
1094, William of Breteuil paid 700 livres to King Philip of France for his aid against Ascelin Gouel. [William also supported by the clergy.]
1095, William of Breteuil commanded a great force besieged Ascelin Gouel at Breherval. Robert de Belesme was another commander of the siege forces.
1095, After a 2-month siege, a peace agreement restored the castle of Yvery to William of Bretevil [which Ascelin would eventually get in right of his wife]; Ascelin kept the castle of Breherval.
1097, Duke Robert of Normandy left on the 1st crusade to the holy lands with many knights and nobles.
1099, King William of Rufus of England died. Younger brother Henry rode quickly to London to be crowned King of England, usurping the possible succession of eldest brother Duke Robert of Normandy.
8/5/1100, Henry I crowned King of England.
1/12/1102, William of Breteuil died; buried at the monastery of Lire.
1102, Ascelin contended with a natural son of William [Eustace de Pacy, married to Juliane, d/o King Henry of England], as well as his nephews [William de Gauder – died soon after, and Rainold de Craceio] succession to William’s lands and titles.
1102, Robert de Beaumont, earl of mellent, [who had been expeled from England by King Henry] supported Eustace de Pacy in his succession battle for the Breteuil inheritance.
1102, Ascelin Goel; William, count of Evreux; Ralph de Tosny; and Amaury de Montfort all supported the succession of Rainold de Craceio [Raginald de Grancey] against Eustace. Ascelin captured Earl Robert’s son Stephen. Then the Earl of Mellent killed Rainold de Craceio in battle. A peace agreement was finally arranged. (S) Battle Conference, 1987, P107.
1104-6, King Henry of England made multiple campaigns in Normandy. William, count of Evreux, switched allegiance. King Henry captured Robert fitz Hamon; torched Bayeux; captured Caen, which held the Norman treasury; laid siege to Falaise; and captured the abbey of Saint-Pierre-sur-Dives.
9/23/1106, Duke Robert of Normandy was captured by his brother King Henry I of England at the battle of Tinchebrai, Normandy [and was imprisoned for the rest of his life]. King Henry succeeded as Duke of Normandy; reuniting control as his father had at the conquest.
8/3/1108, Louis VI crowned King of France.
Bef. 7/1113, During a visit of King Henry to Normandy, Ascelin Gouel of Yvery witnessed a royal confirmation to the abbey of Utique.
1116, ‘Hildeburgis mater Goelli de Ibriaco [Ascelin]’ donated property to the abbey of Saint-Martin de Pontoise with the consent of ‘Goellus … uxoremque suam Isabel [wife] filiosque suos Willelmum atque Robertum’ [sons].
Aft. 1116, Ascelin’s mother died in Pontoise.
2/1119, Juliane, d/o King Henry, married to Eustace de Breteuil of Pacy, attempted to kill her father with a crossbow during the assault of the castle of Breteuil. [King Henry had allowed her hostaged daughters to be blinded.]
1119, Ascenlin made Earl of Yvery in Normandy, France by King Henry I of England; which included the castles of Ivry, Breval and Anet, and the city of Saint-Andre [which at one time had been held by his kinsman Richard fitz Herluin, nephew of the  Count of Meulan.]
1119, Ascelin died.
(S) A Genealogical History, Burke, 1866, P331. (S) Norman Frontier, Power, 2004, P207. (S) Peerage of England, Collins, 1812, P323. (S) Foundation for Medieval Genealogy. (S) Battle Conference, 1987, P106.
Family notes:
·         Robert de Breherval, s/o §Robert d’Ivry & Albreda [natural] d/o §Hugues d'Ivry Bishop of Bayeux.
·         By 1060, Albreda married 2nd Albert de Cravent.
·         Hildeburgis de Gallardon, d/o §Herve Seigneur de Gallardon & Beatrix ?.
·         1066, Lord Robert de Breherval in the army of William the Conqueror.
·         Robert awarded the lordships of Kary and Harpetre, Somerset.
·         Robert returned to Normandy and became a monk in the abbey of Bec.
·         1083, Robert died of an illness; holding the castle of Yvery by service of 3 knight’s fees.
·         Ascelin had a violent temper and was known as “Lupus”, the wolf.
·         Ascelin made gifts to Saint Evroul. (S) Battle Conference, 1979, P63.

Children of Ascelin and Auberic:
i. Robert Goel, born ~1192 in Normandy.

1118, Robert joined the Normandy rebellion against King Henry I of England.
Aft. 1119, Robert restored to the castle of Ivery by Henry I, King of England and Duke of Normandy.
1121, Robert died, succeeded by his brother William.

ii. William of Yvery (638797312), born ~1095 in Normandy. [2nd son.]
iii. John of Harpetre, born ? in England.

John received the manor of Harpetre from his father.

John ancestor of the Gournay families.

Thursday, July 4, 2013

G31: 1272928378 FitzOsbern-Tony

1272928378. William fitz Osbern & 1272928379. Adeliza de Tony

~1010, William, s/o §Osbern de Crepon, the Steward & Emma d’Ivry.
~1025, Adeliza born in France, d/o 319834120. Roger of Tosny & 319834121. Godeheut ?.
Aft. 1035, ‘Willelmus et frater eius Osbernus’ donated land,and revenue from land to the abbey of Sainte-Trinité at Rouen, with the consent of ‘matre eorum Emma’, for the soul of ‘patris sui Osberni cognomento Pacifici.’
[–––William & Adeliza–––]
Adeliza married William fitz Osbern.
1040, Hardicanute became king of both Denmark and England.
1040, Duke William’s wardship given to Gilbert of Brionne. [A succession of guardians died – William the Conqueror is said to have been raised by William fitz Osbern, Roger de Beaumont, and Roger de Montgomery.]
4/3/1043, William’s cousin, Edward the Confessor, became King of England.
1046, ‘Willelmo filio Osberni et … Ælicia eius uxore filia Rogeri de Thoneio’ founded the abbey of Lyre.
8/1047, William, duke of Normandy, age 20, with the help of King Henry I of France, suppressed a revolt of his vassals at the battle of Val-es-Dunes near Caen on the river Orne. The revolt was led by Guy de Brionne of Burgundy.
1049-50 at Eu, Duke William married to Matilda of Flanders.
1050, William fitz Osbern in custody of the forest of Brionne. (S) Anselm of Bec, Vaughn, 1987, P35.
1050-1, William fitz Osbern gave the Abbey of Lyre half the tithes of his mares at Glos-la-Ferriere, not far from Saint-Evroul. (S) From Alfred the Great, Davis, 1991, P74.
1051, William appointed Steward to Duke William. (S) Handbook of British Chronology, Pryde, 1996, P73.
1052, Duke William unsuccessfully sought a truce with King Henry of France.
2/1054, Duke William had to repel the forces of King Henry I of France invading Normandy from the east, while the King’s brother Odo invaded from the west. William divided his forces and took his part against King Henry.
1054, ‘Guillelmi filii Osberni’ witnessed a charter of Duke William of Normandy confirming a donation to the abbey of Mont-Saint-Michel.
Bef. 1055, Duke William gave William the new castle at Breteuil on the Iton [a tributary of the Eure], to defend against King Henry’s fortress at Tillieres. (S) History of the Norman Conquest, Freeman, 1875, P163.
1055, Ansfred, s/o Osbern the vicomte, in a grant to Holy Trinity, Rouen, did so with the consent of ‘my lords Emma, the wife of Osbern the Steward, and her sons William and Osbern.’ (S) William the Conqueror, Douglas, 1999.
1057, In England, Harold Godwinson became Earl of Hereford [Later held by William]. (S) Earthwork Castles, Phillips, 2006, P14.
By 1058, Roger de Montgomery; with Hugh, bishop of Lisieux; Richard, vicomte of the Avranchin; and William fitz Osbern, subscribed a charter of Duke William. (S) William the Conqueror, Douglas, 1999.
1058, Duke William and Harold the Saxon [Godwinson] visited Mont Saint Michel. (S) Sacred Places in Europe, 2007, P101.
1060, William founded the monastery of Corneilles.
1060, Guillelmus filius Osberti [William] and Guillelmus filius Guillelmi filiii Osberti [and William his son] witnessed the charter by which William, duke of Normandy, granted Brenerias to the abbey of Bayeux.
8/4/1060, King Henry I of France died; succeeded by King Philip I, age 8.
8/29/1060, ‘Willelmus filius Osberti’ witnessed a charter of his brother Richard of a donation to Chartres Saint-Pere.
Aft. 3/1062, Duke William invaded the county of Maine.
1062, Humphrey de Bohun with Duke William at the Hogue de Biville, along with Roger de Montgomery and William, son of Osbern.
1064, Duke William invaded Brittany.
1064, Earl Harold Godwinson of Wessex and Hereford, shipwrecked off France, was taken to William who made him swear to his succession.
1/5/1066, King Edward the Confessor of England died; succeeded by Harold Godwinson of Wessex and Hereford.
3/20/1066, Haley’s comet appeard in the sky at its closest point to earth, and was interpreted as an evil omen.
1066, William Fitz-Osbern urged action by Duke William, who sent an embassy to King Harold [the message sent is unknown.] (S) Reign of Harold, Freeman, 1869, P260.
9/1066, Duke William on the eve of the invasion had his son Robert confirm to the abbey of Marmoutier all the property which he himself had given. Witnesses: Roger de Montgomery, William fitz Osbern, William his son, Roger de Beaumont, Hugh de Grandmesnil, … (S) Norman Conquest: Sources and Documents, Brown, 1984, P143.
1066, William provided 60 ships for the invasion of England.
9/27/1066, Duke William sailed his forces from Valery-sur-Somme, landing at Pevensey Bay in England.
10/14/1066, William fought at the battle of Hastings.
10/25/1066, William the Conqueror crowned King of England.
1066, ‘Erchenbaldo filio Erchenbaldi vicecomitis, on the point of leaving ‘ultra mare’, donated property to Sainte-Trinité de Rouen, with the consent of ‘rege Anglorum et duce Normannorum Guillelmo’, signed by ‘Willelmi filii Osberni, Emmæ matris eius, Ansfredi filii Athlæ.’
1066, William the Conqueror made ‘Guillaume le fitz Osber’ and Roger de Montgomery his Marshalls of England.
1066-7, William created the Earl of Hereford. [William was also acting as an Earl in Somerset, Hampshire and Gloucestershire. William owned lands in Dorset, Berkshire, Worcestershire, and Oxfordshire. Most of these had belong to Earl Harold before the conquest, suggesting that William may have succeeded to the earldom of Wessex.]
2/21/1067, King William left ‘Willelmum filium Osberni quem in Herefordensi provincia comitum’ when he went to Normandy.
1067, William resided at Winchester, Hampshire, the seat of the royal treasure.
1067, William suppressed the rebellion of ‘Eadric the Wild’ in Herefordshire, who had allied himself with the Welsh and attack the castle of Hereford.
1068, ‘Willelmus comes filius Osberni dapiferi [steward of the king]’ made donations to Sainte-Trinite de Rouen, confirmed by his son William of Breteuil.
1068, King William appointed William as his regent in England when he returned to Normandy.
1069, Earl William witnessed a number of charters of King William.
8/1069, Danes invaded England, landing at Norwich. [William had been assigned Norwich, but was no longer in charge.] (S) English Historical Review, 1922, P17.
2/17/1070, William siezed treasures from monasteries in England.
1070, William fitz Osbern dispatched by William I, King of England,  to act as guardian of Count Baldwin of Flanders’ son Arnulf.
[–––William & Richilde–––]
Aft. 6/1070, William married 2nd Richilde, mother of Arnoul, count of Flanders; widow of Baldwin, count of Flanders.
1071, King William appointed William as regent in Normandy.
1071, William fitz Osbern, earl of Hereford, placed his brother-in-law Ralph de Tosny in charge of the frontier district of Clifford-on-Wye in south Wales. (S) Age of Conquest: Wales, Davies, 2000, P82.
2/22/1071, William killed at the battle of Cassel supporting King Philip of France and the Count of Flanders; buried at the abbey of Corneilles. [The Count of Flanders also died in the battle.] Richilde was captured at the battle.
(S) Foundation for Medieval Genealogy. (S) The Capetians, Bradbury, 2007. (S) Battle Conference, 1990, P215-7.
Family notes:
·         1024, A ‘Willerinus fil. Osberni’ appears in a charter. (S) History of England Under the Norman Kings, Lappenberg, 1857, P155.

Children of William and Adeliza:

i. William of Breteuil (2555189250), born ~1040 in Normandy.

ii. Roger of Breteuil, born ~1045 in Normandy.

1071, Roger inherited the lands in England, becoming the earl of Hereford.
1074, Roger went into rebellion against King William.
1075, Roger, earl of Hereford, conspired with his brother-in-law Raoul de Gaël Earl of Norfolk at Exning, Cambridgeshire, at the marriage of his sister, against King William.
1075, Roger’s rebellion failed, Roger imprisoned for the rest of his life.
1087, Roger died. [Released when near death from prison, likely by King William Rufus.]

iii. Emma of Hereford (636464189), born ~1055  in Normandy.

Wednesday, July 3, 2013

G31: 1272928374 Vermandois-Valois

1272928374. Herbert VI of Vermandois & 1272928375. Adele of Valois

~1032, Herbert born in France, s/o §Odo, count of Vermandois & Pavie ?.
~1042, Adele, countess of Cressy and Valois, born in France, d/o §Raoul, count of Cressy and Valois.
5/25/1045, Herbert heir to his father.
1/1046, ‘Comes Heribertus’ names ‘materque mea Pavia … pater meus Otto, eius genitrix, avia mea Ermengardis’ donated property to Notre-Dame de Homblières.
1066, Herbert of Vermandois came with William the Conqueror to England.
1076, ‘Heribertus ... Viromanduorum comes’ confirmed donations to Saint-Prix made by ‘prædecessor noster Albertus.’
1077, Adele’s father died.
1077, Hugh succeeded as Comte de Valois in right of his wife.
1079, ‘Herbertus Vermandensium et Vadascorum comes’ donated property to the church of Saint-Quentin and others, with the consent of ‘Alide coniugis meæ.’
1080, Hugh died [having disinherited his only son Eudes.]
(S) The Record of the House of Gournay, Gurney, 1845. (S) Foundation for Medieval Genealogy.
Family notes:
·         12/25/800, Charlemagne crowned Holy Roman Emperor by Pope Leo III; died 1/28/814 [succeeded by his son Louis the Pious.]
·         Carloman [born 770-3], s/o Emperor Charlemagne.
·         781, Carolman, a minor, now ‘Pepin of Italy’ [after his father conquered the Lombards.]
·         7/8/810, Pepin, King of Italy, died at Milan before his father.
·         Bernard [born 797], s/o Pepin.
·         810, Bernard, King of the Lombards.
·         815, Bernard sent ot investigate a conspiracy to murder Pope Leo III.
·         Bernard, king of Italy, died 4/17/818.
·         Pepin, count of Vermandois, s/o Bernard & Cunigunda ?.
·         834, Pepin, lord of Senlis, Peronne and Saint Quentin.
·         840, Pepin supported Lothar I against Louis the Pious.
·         Herbert I [born 848-50], s/o Pepin.
·         877, Herbert I at the court of Emperor Charles II ‘le Chauve.’
·         886-9, Herbert I, comte de Soissons.
·         888-9, Herbert I, Comte de Meaux et de Madrie.
·         896, Herbert I became Comte de Vermandois after killing Comte Raoul in battle.
·         897, Herbert I reconciled with Eudes, King of France.
·         900, Herbert I repelled the invasion of Baudoin II, count of Flanders.
·         902, Herbert I, Comte de Meaux, de Soissons et de Vermandois, in battle with Baudoin II, count of Flanders.
·         907, Herbert I assassinated.
·         Herbert II, s/o Herbert I & Lietgardis ?.
·         922, Herbert II took part in the rebellion against Charles III “le Simple”, King of France.
·         923, near Soissons, Herbert II defeated and captured King Charles III.
·         924, Comte Héribert II received Péronne from Raoul, King of France.
·         927,  Comte Héribert II captured Eu, and forged an alliance with Comte Rollo, a viking. The same year, Comte Héribert II unsuccessful in an attempt to capture Laon.
·         928, Comte Héribert II accompanied the King of France into Burgundy.
·         939, Comte Héribert II joined the alliance against Louis IV King of France led by Otto I, King of Germany.
·         2/23/943, Herbert II, Comte de Meaux, de Soissons et de Vermandois, died; buried at Saint Quentin.
·         Albert [born ~925], younger s/o Herbert II & Adela Capet, d/o Robert, duke of France [future Robert I, King of France].
·         945, Albert, Comte de Vermandois, constructed the abbey of Saint-Michel at Rochefort.
·         948, Comte Albert swore allegiance to Louis IV, King of France.
·         9/8/987, Albert died.
·         Herbert IV, s/o Albert & [his 2nd wife] Gerberge de Loraine [died aft. 9/7/978], d/o Gilbert, duke of Loraine & Gerberga of Germany.
·         8/29/993, Herbert IV died.
·         Odo [Eudes, born 985-90], s/o Herbert IV, count of Vermandois & Ermengarde ?.
·         1021, Odo succeed his older brother as Comte de Vermandois.

Child of Herbert and Adele:
i. Adele of Vermandois (636464187), born ~1060  in France.

G31: 1272928372 King Henry I of France

1272928372. King Henry I of France & 1272928373. Anne of Kiev

5/4/1008, Henry born in Reims, France, s/o 1512882198. King Robert II “the pious” & 1512882199. Constance of Arles.
1/25/1016, Henry created Duke of Burgundy by his father.
9/17/1025, Henry’s older brother and co-King Hugh died [possibly from a fall from a horse.] Henry’s mother Constance did not support his succession, favoring her 3rd son Robert.
5/14/1027 at Notre-Dame, Reims, Henry I crowned King while his father was still living [‘rex designatus’, which would continue as a house-of-Capet tradition.]
1029-30, Henry and his brother Robert rebelled against their father.
1030, ‘Raynaldi comitis, Adheleys uxoris eius’ subscribed the charter by which ‘Robertus regis Roberti filius et regis Henrici filii eius germanus … Burgundie Dux’ restored property to Cluny.
1030, A 3-year famine began in Europe.
7/20/1031, Henry succeeded his father on his death at Melun.
1031-2, Henry’s mother, Queen Constance, having allied nobles against the king, took control of several important towns in dower inlcuding Senlis, Sens, Bethisy, Dammartin, Le Puiset, Melun and Poissy.
By 1032, Anne born in Kiev [Russia], d/o 2545856746. Yaroslav I of Kiev & 2545856747. Ingegerd Olofsdotter of Sweden.
1032, Henry made his younger brother Robert the Duke of Burgundy.
7/28/1032, Henry’s mother died.
1032, King Henry, at Fecamp, receives homage from his brother Duke Robert, who also gets the Vexin. (S) Ecclesiastical History, Vitalis.
1032, Henry, after appointing Gelduin as bishop of Sens, who was opposed by Odo, count of Blois, besieged [but did not take] the town of Sens.
7/1032, Henry, after appointing Gelduin as bishop of Sens, who was opposed by Odo, count of Blois, besieged [but did not take] the town of Sens.
[–––Henry & Matilda I–––]
4/1033, King Henry met with King Conrad II in Deville on the Meuse. (S) Papal Reform, Robinson, 2004, P124.
5/1033, King Henry, age 25, betrothed to Matilda, age 6, d/o Emperor Conrad II.
1033, Queen Constance gave half of Sens to Odo, count of Blois, which Odo occupied. Duke Robert of Normandy came to Henry’s assistance. Others supporting Henry were Fulk Nerra of Anjou and Baldwin of Flanders. Fulk defeated the Blesevins at Gournay and Clairvix. Count Odo had to seek a peace agreement. Henry beseiged his mother Queen Constance at Poissy, but she escaped.
1033, Henry and Queen Constance reconciled.
1034, Casmir of Pland given refuge in Paris by King Henry. [In 1041 Casmir would return to Poland as King Casmir I and marry the aunt of King Henry’s future bride.]
1034-37, King Henry in conflict with Count Odo of Blois.
1034, Henry’s mother Queen Constance died; buried at St. Denis.
1034, Matilda, age 7, died; buried at Worms cathedral.
[–––Henry & Matilda II–––]
1034, Henry married Matilda, d/o Luidolf, Margrave of Frisia.
1/1035, Duke William’s father, leaving on pilgrimage, sent William to the court of King Henry I of France in Paris.
1035, King Henry summoned a council of all the bishops in France to address the ‘heresy of Berengarius.’ (S) History of the Church, V4, Pise, 1829, P71.
1036, The “Peace of God” proclaimed in southern and eastern France by sybods of the clergy.
1037, Count Odo of Blois killed at the battle of Bar-sur-Aube.
1038, King Henry I of France gave a royal confirmation to the re-incorporation of Anglicourt, Saint-Vaast. (S) Monastic Reform, Vanderputten, 2013, P107.
6/4/1039, Conrad II, King of Germany, died; succeeded by Henry III. King Henry of France put claims on Burgundy.
1040, King Henry besieged and destroyed the Norman outpost of Tillieres-sur-Avre [land of Duke William], held by Gilbert Crispin for Blois.
1041, A rebellion began in an attempt to depose King Henry. Henry’s younger brother Odo, aligned with Waleran, count of Meulan, and Ralph, count of Amiens headed the revolt. Henry captured Odo and Ralph and imprisoned them. Waleran of Meulan sought refuge with the Beaumonts.
12/1042, King Henry of France met King Henry III of Germany near Ivois on the French border. King Henry of France gave up his claims to Burgundy.
1043, Henry sent ambassadors to England to congradulate Edward the Confessor succeeding as king. [Edward had been in exile in Normandy where he and King Henry had become friends.]
1043, King Henry entered Normandy chasing rebels from Ile-de-France who took refuge there, led by Waleran, count of Meulan.
1043, Geoffrey Martel, supported by King Henry of France, began a siege of Tours.
1044, Matilda died in childbirth; buried in Paris at Saint Denis. [A daughter survived for 4 years.]
Aft. 1044, Henry had sent emissaries all over Europe looking for a suitable bride – especially one that was not closely related. [Henry sent the Bishop of Meaux to Kiev, Russia, an almost unknown city/country. He would return with Anne.]
1046, King Henry of France vested Duke William [the Conqueror] as a knight.
1046, King Henry invaded Lorraine while Holy Roman Emperor Henry III [King of Germany] was away in Rome. [King Henry did not push far before returning to France.]
8/1047, William, duke of Normandy, age 20, with the help of King Henry I of France, suppressed a revolt of his vassals at the battle of Val-es-Dunes near Caen on the river Orne. The revolt was led by Guy de Brionne of Burgundy.
1048, Duke William accompanied King Henry on a campaign against Count Geoffrey of Anjou. (S) William: King and Conqueror, Hagger, 2012, P182.
1048, King Henry of France and Henry III of Lorraine met at Ivois and signed a peace treaty. King Henry was able to retain a part of Lorraine.
1048 at Senlis, Duke William and Count Baldwin attested a charter of King Henry of France.
1049, King Henry of France and Duke William of Normandy supported Thibaut of Blois and Champagne in a campaign against Geoffrey of Gatinais, Count of Anjou. (S) Battle Conference, 1993, P108.
1049, King Henry, with the support of Duke William, captured Mouliherne near Anges in Anjou against the forces of Geoffrey Martel. Geoffrey retaliated by taking Ste-Maure.
[–––Henry & Anne–––]
1050, in Paris, At a council held by Henry, king of France, supported Pope Leo IX’s opinion condeming Berengarius. (S) Institutes of Ecclesiastical History, Moshem, 1841, P380.
5/19/1051, Henry married 3rd Anne. Anne brought a gem stone, the “Hyacinth” [later presented by King Louis VI to St. Denis cathedral.] Anne was able to sign her name to the wedding documents.
9/1051, King Edward of England exiled Godwin, earl of Wessex. King Henry  and Baldwin of Flanders sent emissaries to King Edward in support of Godwin.
1051, Duke William married King Henry’s niece Matilda. [Note at this time King Henry still did not have an heir.]
1052, King Henry “radially reversed his system of alliances.” Geoffrey Martel became a strong ally. Their primary objective in the alliance was the growing power of Duke William.
9/20/1052 at Vitry-aux-Loges, Duke William at King Henry’s court. Duke William unsuccessfully sought a truce with King Henry of France.
1053, King Henry supported the revolt of William, count of Arques, against Duke William [William the count, the uncle of William the duke.]
10/25/1053, Forces loyal to Duke William defeated forces of King Henry near Saint-Aubin, who were attempting to reach Arques. [King Henry’s vassal, Count Enguerrand of Ponthieu, died in the battle.]
2/20/1054, Anne’s father died.
2/1054, Duke William had to repel the forces of King Henry I invading Normandy from the east, while the King’s brother Odo invaded from the west. William divided his forces and took his part against King Henry. Of the other armies, Duke William’s won the battle of Mortemer. After hearing this, King Henry retreated to St-Denis.
1055, The Count of Sens died; King Henry took over the city.
5/1056, Henry met with Holy Roman Emperor Henry III over right’s to Lorraine. Henry I challenged Henry III to single combat; but Henry III escaped during the night.
10/5/1056, Holy Roman Emperor Henry III died.
8/1057, Duke William defeated the forces of King Henry at the battle of Varaville on the coast. William had waited until the invading forces were half on each side of a bridge to launch a surprise attack on one half.
1058,  Henry, king of France, protects the abbey of Saint-Maur- des-Fossés from his own cooks' pressure tactics when acquiring the abbey’s cattle for the royal table. Subscribed by Queen Anne, and sons Philip and Robert. (S) When Ego Was Imago, Bedow-Rezak, 2010, P-XII.
1058, King Henry I of France castrated prisoners he took in wars with the Greeks. (S) Sex, Arnott, 2010.
1059, King Henry made a final brief campaign into Normandy.
5/23/1059. King Henry crowned his son Philip at Reims.
10/1059, Peter Damian, writing for Pope Nicholas II wrote to Anne to thank her for her charitable donations. (S) Letters, V3, Damian, 1992, P21.
1060, at Dreux, King Henri confirmed the foundation of the priory of Saint-Germain de Brezolles.
8/4/1060, King Henry died after an illness in Virty-en-Brie, France; buried in Sainte Denis Basilica. [Shortly after the death of Henry, king of France, a comet with a long tail appeared in the morning. (S) Practical Astronomy, V1, Chambers, 1889, P574.]
1060-66, Queen Anne ruled as regent [the 1st Queen to do so] during the minority of Philip. In a charter Philip states “I assume royal power cojointly with my mother.” King Henry’s brother-in-law, Baldwin V of Flanders, was her primary advisor and guardian of Philip. [In a charter Baldwin is called “head of the royal palace”.]
1062, Anne married 2nd Count Ralph III of Valois; who had repudiated his wife. Accussed of adultery, the couple were excommunicated.
3/20/1066, Haley’s comet appeard in the sky at its closest point to earth, and was interpreted as an evil omen.
5/1066, King Philip reached his majority and took over rule of France.
1067, The marriage of Anne and Ralph dissolved.
By 1069, Anne founded a house for canons at Senlis.
1069, ‘Rodulphus … Ambianensis comes’ donated property to Sainte-Marie d'Amiens, subscribed by ‘Anna uxor eius’.
9/1074, Ralph died; Anne returned to the French court of her son Philip, who forgave his mother.
1075, Anne, “mater regis”, confirmed a royal gift. (S) Kevan Russia, Vernadsky, 1973, P343.
Bef. 9/5/1075, Anne died; buried at Villieers Abbey, La-Ferte-Alais, Essonne.
(S) Memoires of the Queens of France, V1, Bush, 1843. (S) The Capetians, Bradbury, 2007. (S) Foundation for Medieval Genealogy.

Children of Henry and Anne:
i. Philip I of France (756441480), born 5/23/1052 in France.
ii. Hugh de Vermandois (636464186), born 1053 in France. 

G30: 973530514 d'Aubigny-Chester

973530514. Earl William D’Aubigny & 973530515. Mabel of Chester

~1175, William born in Arundel, Essex, England, s/o 94562562. William D’Aubeney & 94562563. Maud de Saint Hilary.
~1185, Mabel born in England, d/o 39979010. Hugh de Meschines & 39979011. Bertrade de Montfort.
9/3/1189, Richard I succeeded King Henry II of England.
12/24/1193, William succeeded his father as earl of Arundel.
1196, William, earl of Sussex, rendered 100£ for his relief of his lands in Norfolk. (S) Magni Rotuli Scaccarii Normanniae, 1844, P177.
William married Mabel. [‘comes Cestrie’ gave land in Calswah, Lincolnshire to ‘comiti de Arundell in maritagium cum sorore sua.’]
4/6/1199, King Richard died in Normandy.
5/27/1199, John succeeded King Richard I of England.
7/10/1203, the Bishop of Norwich was granted a fair at King’s Lynn, Norfolk with the proceeds to be shared with William, Earl of Arundel.
9/8/1203, The King to Geoffrey fitz Peter … command you make the Earl of Arundel [William d’Albini] to have all the land which the wife of John de Humet held in feud of the said Earl. (S) King John of England, Chadwick, 1865, P282.
1203-04, King Philip of France captured many English land holdings on the continent.
5/5/1204, Charter of the Lady the Queen I. on her Dower. John, by the grace of God, … Attesting, the Lords … G. Fitz-Peter, earl of Essex; Earl Roger le Bigot; W. Earl of Arundel; A. de Veer, Earl of Oxford; Henry de Bohum, Earl of Hereford; W. de Braosa, … William Briwerr, Hugo de Neville, Robert de Trasgoz, Robert de Veteriponte, … (S) King John of England, Chadwick, 1865, P192.
5/7/1204, King John ceded to William, earl of Arundel, the custody of the land and heirs of William de Muntkanes. (S) The Genealogist, 1918, P181.
9/3/1204, Charter for a fair and market to William de Albini, earl of Arundel at Wymondham, Norfolk.
5/1205, King Philip of France granted the continental lands of William, earl of Arundel, to Richard  of Argences. (S) Loss of Normandy, Powicke, 1999, P331.
1205, King John granted the Earl William of Arundel custody of the land of Wade in Southampton, lately belonging to Juliana de Wade.
1206, King John gave the lordship of Fakenham, Norfolk, to William de Albiny, earl of Arundel. (S) History of the County of Norfolk, Blomefield, 1807, P93.
1207, William, earl of Arundel, in an assize de fossato levato in Norfolk with Earl Roger Bigod. (S) Colonial England, Holt, 1997, P231.
8/1209, King John sent a letter to William, earl of Arundel, by Alberic [the messenger]. (S) Justiceship England, West, 2005, P186.
1210, William de Albini a witness to the official account written by King John of his quarrel with William de Briouse.
7/10/1212, A great fire swept through London, on the south side of the river, killing about 3000.
5/15/1213, William witnessed King John’s concession of the kingdom to the Pope. (S) The Reign of King John, Painter, 1949, P194.
1214, King John invaded France trying to recover lost English lands.
7/27/1214, a Sunday, An alliance of England, the Holy Roman Empire and rebellious French principalities supporting Otto IV of Germany against King Philip, at the battle of Bouvines, near Tournai in Flanders. King Philip’s forces defeated the alliance, which had a much larger force, in 3 hours. This battle completed the loss of English lands on the continent.
6/19/1215 at Runnymede near Windsor, King John forced to agree to the terms of the Magna Carta. William a supporter of King John.
1215, Prince Louis of France [future VIII] was approached by a group of English barons headed by Geoffrey de Mandeville who offered support in the overthrow of King John of England. Prince Louis sent 140 knights to England to make plans with his English allies.
10/1215, William, having been entrusted with the royal castle at Pevensey, and being under siege by Gilbert Laigle, requested reinforcements from King John. [William held the castle.] (S) Battle Conference, 1995, P193.
5/20/1216, Prince Louis crossed to England in 10 warships, with 1200 knight and 900 troops. Louis quickly captured all the Cinque Ports except Dover. Louis captured the town of Lincoln, but not the castle.
6/14/1216, King John abandoned Winchester to the forces of Prince Louis. William changed his allegiance to Louis.
1216, King John forfeited William’s estates and granted them to his nephew Renfred de Arundel.
10/18/1216, King John died.
10/28/1216, Henry III, age 9, crowned king of England.
5/20/1217, Prince Louis’ forces, combined with loyal English barons, lost at the battle of Lincoln to William Marshall.
7/14/1217, William pledge support to King Henry III and had his estates restored.
9/12/1217, For 10,000 marks and some land exchanges, Prince Louis forfeited his claim to the English crown by the treaty at Kingston-on-Thames. [A principal provision of the treaty was amnesty for English rebels.]
5/15/1218, Herbert French, merchant of the King of France , gives the king two tuns of good French wine for summoning … for summoning W. earl of Arundel to be before the aforesaid justices … to answer Herbert for 10 m. that he owes him. (S) FRsHIII.
1218, William departed on a crusade. [Others English earls attending the crusade were Earl John de Lacy, and Earl Saire de Quincy. Many Counts from the continent also attended.]
5/24/1218, William with other crusaders [who arrived at various time] left Acre to attack Damietta, Egypt [the town that guarded the entrance to the Nile].
8/17/1218, The fortress protecting Damietta fell to the crusaders.
9/1218, The cursaders began the siege of Damietta.
11/1218, A storm halted progress of the siege and the crusaders began winter preparations.
1/27/1219, Order to the sheriff of Lincolnshire to place in respite the demand he makes against William d’Aubigny for the debts that he owes the king. (S) FRsHIII.
2/1219, The crusaders had completely isolated the city.
11/4/1219, The crusaders entered the city to find only 3000 of about 80000 remained, most of them sick.
1220, Most of the crusaders started the return trip home.
2/1/1221, William, Earl of Arundel, died at Cainell, near Rome, Italy while returning from the crusade; buried at Wymondham Abbey, Norfolk. (S) Anatomy of a Crusade, Powell, 1986, P117.
4/3/1221, Order to the sheriff of Norfolk and Suffolk to take into the king’s hand without delay all lands formerly of the earl of Arundel, who is dead. (S) FRsHIII.
(S) Gazetteer of Markets and Fairs. (S) Foundation for Medieval Genealogy. (S) The Reliquary, V1, 1888, P162. (S) DNB, Vs1-63, Lee, 1885, P234.
Family notes:
·         Undated charter: “Wilielmus comes Sussexiæ” confirmed donations to Boxgrove Priory by his predecessors “Rogerus de Albineio, et Willelmus Pincerna … et Willielmi patris mei filii reginæ Aeliz, et Matildis matris meæ.

Children of William and Mabel:
i. William D’Aubigny, born ~1200 in England.

2/1/1220, William succeeded his father as earl of Arundel.
3/12/1221, William d’Aubigny has made fine with the king by one good palfrey for having custody of the land with appurtenances in the bailiwick of the sheriff of Lincolnshire formerly of Henry de Neville , and for having the marriage of Hugh, son and heir of the same Henry. (S) FRsHIII.
4/12/1221, William d'Aubigny, son of the earl of Arundel, owes the king £100 for his relief and has the king’s letters for having seisin of the lands formerly of the same earl, his father. (S) FRsHIII.
12/1223, William of Aubigne, earl of Arundel, attended the king’s Christmas court at Northampton. (S) Dawn of the Constitution, Ramsay, 1908, P34.
Bef. 8/7/1224, William died, buried at Wymondham priory; his brother Hugh succeeding.

ii. Matilda d’Aubigny (189120781), born ~1201 in England.
iii. Isabel d’Aubigny (94559105), born ~1203 in England.
iv. Nichole D’Aubigny (486765257), born ~1205 in England.
v. Cecily d’Aubigny, born ~1212 in England.

Cecily married Robert de Montalt.

vi. Earl Hugh D’Aubigny, born ~1214 in England.

Hugh married Isabel de Warren, d/o William de Warenne & Matilda Marshall.
By 8/7/1224, Hugh, a minor, succeeded his brother William as earl of Arundel.
11/10/1234, Hugh d’Aubigny [still under age], brother and heir of William d’Aubigny, and one of the heirs of the earl of Chester, has made fine with the king for having seisin of the lands and tenements formerly of William, his brother. (S) FRsHIII.
5/10/1235, Hugh attained majority.
1/19/1236 at Westminster, Eleanor crowned Queen of England. Hugh de Albini the hereditary butler for the service. (S) English Coronation Records, Legg, 1901, P57.

5/7/1243, Hugh died; his sister Isabel’s son John his heir.

Tuesday, July 2, 2013

G30: 973530512 Somery-Paganel

973530512. Ralph de Someri & 973530513. Margaret Crassus

~1175, Ralph born in England, s/o §John de Someri & Hawise Paganel.
~1180, Margaret born in England, d/o §William Crassus. (S) FMG.
9/3/1189, Richard I succeeded King Henry II of England.
12/21/1192, King Richard captured near Vienna, returning from crusading.
Bef. 1194, ‘William le Gros’ [Crassus] gave land at Little Dalby to ‘Ralph Somery’ as part of the marriage contract for his daughter Margaret.
3/12/1194, King Richard, released from captivity, landed at Sandwich, England. It only took Richard 2 weeks to recover his lands and castles, the last to fall being Nottingham castle, after a short siege. [Where, after the siege, he supposedly meets Robin Hood in Sherwood forest.]
1194, Ralph owed £43 19s 2d scutage for redemption of ‘feodi Gervasii Painell’ [Ralph’s maternal uncle] in Staffordshire.
By 1195, Ralph’s father died before his grandfather.
1195, Ralph de Somery paid for livery of the lands of his grandfather.; and all scutages charged on the fee of Newport through the 1st 10 years of King John.
1195, ‘Radulfus de Sumery’ paying ‘iv l vi s viii d, iv milites et tertiam’ in Worcestershire; and ‘vii.l. xiii.s. de Radulfo de Sumeri’ among ‘de hiis qui non habent capitales honores in hoc comitatu’ in Berkshire.
Aft. 1195, ‘Hawys Paganella’ confirmed donations to Tykford Priory by ‘Johannes de Sumeri vir meus’, witnessed by ‘Radulfo de Sumeri filio meo’.
1196-7, ‘Radulfus de Sumeri’ paying scutage of ‘xx s in Chiselhamtone, i militem’ in Oxfordshire; ‘Radulfus de Somery’ among ‘isti sunt quieti per breve’ in Berkshire; and ‘Radulfo de Sumery 1.l de feodo Gervasii Paganelli’ in Staffordshire.
[–––Ralph & Margaret–––]
1197-8, Ralph married Margaret, paying 60 marks for the King’s license.
5/27/1199, John succeeded King Richard I of England.
1199, Ralph de Somery in the King’s service beyond the seas.
1200, Ralph held Cogan manor. (S) Notes on Churches in the Diocese of Llandaff, Green, 1906, P54.
~1202, Ralph de Sumery a witness to a deed of David Scurlange to Margam abbey. (S) Desc. Catalogue of the Penrice and Margam Abbey, V1, 1893, P22.
1203, Ralph granted Ashton manor to Thomas de Erdington for a pair of guilt spurs each Easter. (S) The Antiquary, V16, 1887, P190.
1204-5, Ralph gave to the King his manor of Wolverhampton and 100 marks in exchange for a grant in fee farm of the royal manors of Mere, Clent, and Swinford.
1205, Ralph de Cheinduit contested a suit with Roger de Sumery, respecting the patronage of Shenley church. (S) Archaeological Journal, V10, 1853, P50.
1207, ‘Radulphus de Sumeri r.c. de x.li. de Cremento de Swineford et Clent et Mera.’
1207-8, Ralph’s mother died.
1207-8, Ralph had livery of the vill of Newport Pagnell and other lands of his mother.
1208, Ralph de Somer and William de Parles witnesses to a document. (S) Lordship and the Landscape, Hunt, 1997, P73.
1208-9, Ralph’s mother died; Ralph paying a fine of 100£ and 2 palfreys for possessing the manor and town of Newport Pagnell [demise of his mother since the time of King Richard.
1208-9, ‘Radulfus de Somery’, knight, held land ‘unde caput est in Warr’, Northamptonshire.
1210, Ralph, Baron of Dudley, died. [‘Radulfus de Sumeri’ holding 14 knights´ fees ‘de honore de Neuport’ in Buckinghamshire, and 3 knights’ fees and parts ‘in Framkelega, Wormelega, Belewe, Pesemore, Swinforde, Hagele et Credelega’ in Worcestershire.]
1210, ‘Margareta que fuit uxor Radulfi de Sumeri’ arranged to pay an installment of her fine for the assignment of her dower in Berkshire in midsummer.
1211, Margaret paid off the 200 marks to get possession of her dower lands.
7/10/1212, A great fire swept through London, on the south side of the river, killing about 3000.
1212, The Great Inquisition granted the wardship of the estates of Ralph de Somery of Dudley, Worcestershire to the earl of Salisbury. (S) Historical Intrepretation, Bagley, 1973, P109. [Roger de Somery accounted for 50 fees of the old feoffment.]
10/28/1216, Henry III, age 9, crowned king of England.
[–––Margaret & Maurice–––]
1220-1, Margaret married 2nd Maurice de Gant [his 2nd, no children.]
9/1224, Maurice de Gant to collect scutage from knights´ fees he holds in his bailiwick of the land he holds in dower of Margaret his wife.
1228, Assize Rolls record that 8 persons were summoned to show cause why they intruded into a carucate of land which Alan de Englefeld [Margaret’s son-in-law] held, the custody of whose lands after his death belonged to Maurice de Gant and Margaret his wife, the land formed part of the dower of Margaret.
6/25/1229, Allowance of the agreement between Maurice de Gaunt and Roger de Sumery … manors of Duddeleg and Seggesleg to Maurice for 7 years … and the said Roger shall not marry within the said term save with the consent of the said Maurice. (S) CChRs.
Bef. 7/4/1229, Roger de Sumeri confirmed an agreement between Margaret his mother and William de Englefeld [son of daughter Isabel] concerning a grant and exchange of lands at Bradfield, Berkshire.
4/20/1230, Maurice died.
1231, King Henry ordered the sheriff of Somerset to give seisin of ‘maneriis de Cantokesheved et de ivis ... que fuerunt Mauricii de Gant quondam viri sui’ to ‘Margarete de Sumery’ as dower.
1232, “Robertus Achard, … constituti sunt justiciarii ad assisam nove dissaisine capiendam apud Walingford … quam Margareta de Sumery aramiavit versus Willelmum de Englefeld de tenemento in Bradefeld.” (S) CPRs.
1233, John de Beauchamp against Margery de Sumery, in a plea of land and wardship.
1235, Margery de Somery paid 1 mark in Compton Beauchamp of the honor of Sumery on the aid to marry Isabella, the king’s sister, to the Holy Roman Emperor.
8/1237, Assizes taken before Ralph of Southleigh in the county of Worcestershire. From Margaret de Somery , 5 m., for disseisin. (S) FRsHIII.
1242-3, ‘Rogerus de Sumery [Margaret’s son] in Bradefeld i. feodum ... Margareta de Sumeri in Bradefeld unum feodum predicti Rogeri ... Willelmus de Englefeld in Englefeld unum feodum de eodem feodo.’
6/14/1247, Margaret de Somery, widow of Maurice de Gaunt, granted the tythe of the mill of Quantockshead and pasture for 6 oxen, 2 cows and 2 heirfer to the church of St. Mark, York.
(S) The Dormant and Extinct Baronage, Banks, 1808, P169. (S) Memoirs – County and City of York, 1848, P93. (S) Foundation for Medieval Genealogy. (S) History of Staffordshire, V9, 1888, P12.
Family notes:
·         §Ralph de Somery. 1166, King John granted ‘maneria de Mere Suneforde et Clentes’ to ‘Radulfus de Sumery’ in Staffordshire. [See 1207 above.] 3/1193, Ralph de Somery at Speyer in Germany with King Richard, who was being tried for “betrayal of the Holy Land by making peace with Saladin.” (S) Ancestry of Chamberlin and Grant, V3, Henderson, 2000, P536.
·         John de Somery s/o Ralph de Somery. John de Someri, baron of Dudley in right of his wife. By 1195, John died before his father.
·         Hawise Pagnel born in Staffordshire, England, eventual heir & d/o §Ralph Paynell.  1196-7, Hawise married 2nd Roger de Berkeley. [1 son, Nicholas.] [Undated] ‘Hawis Paynel’ donated property to Tykford Priory, with the consent of ‘domini mei Rogeri de Berkele’, for the soul of ‘Gervasii Paynel fratris mei.’ [Hawise had a brother named Gervase, of whom she was his heir.]

Children of Ralph and Margaret:
i. Ralph de Somery, born ? in England.

1212, ‘comes de Salesbir’ held ‘maneria de Swinford et de Clent et de Mere cum filio et herede Radulfi de Sumeri in custodia.’
1214-5, ‘heres Radulphi de Sumeri. l.s. de cremento de Swinford et de Clent et de Mere.’
2/11/1220, Ralph de Somery and Alice his wife made a fine to sue Ralph Mangefer concerning a messuage in Cliffe, Sussex.
1220, Ralph died.

ii. William Percival de Somery, born ? in England.

Bef. 6/20/1122, William died; his son Nicholas succeeding. [1228, Nicholas died; his uncle Roger his heir.] (S) FRsHIII.

iii. Joan de Somery (9994833), born ~1200 in England.
iv. Roger de Somery (486765256), born ~1205 in England.
v. Isabel de Somery, born ? in England.

Isabel married Alan de Englefield [who died bef. 1228.]

G30: 973530388 Dunbar-Scotland

973530388. Earl Patrick of Dunbar & 973530389. Ada of Scotland

5/24/1153, Malcolm IV succeeded King David I of Scotland.
12/19/1154, Henry II succeeded King Stephen of England.
By 1160, Patrick born in Scotland, s/o §Earl Waltheof of Dunbar & Alina ?.
~1165, Ada born in Scotland, d/o 19989906. King William of Scotland.
12/9/1165, William the Lion, age 22, succeeded King Malcom IV of Scotland.
8/20/1179, Patrick’s mother died.
Bef. 1182, An agreement was formed between the prior and convent of Coldingham and Earl Waltheof and the sons of Swain the priest, … 2 ploughgates of land in Renton, … if Jordan, son of Swain, or any other brought false charges against the monks of any right which Swain claimed in Coldinghamshire by charters or other customs, Earl Waltheof, Eustace, and the sons of Swain shall be between the monks and those aggressors, … pledges for this: Patrick, son of the earl, Patrick, brother of the earl, Waltheof of Prenderguest, Edward of Oldcambus and his brother, William.
Aft. 1182, Patrick succeeded his father.
[–––Patrick & Ada–––]
Patrick married Ada.
1187, Patrick appears in English records. (S) Scottish History Society, Constable, 1947, P61.
9/3/1189, Richard I succeeded King Henry II of England.
1190, Patrick, earl of Daubar and March, confirmed the donations to the monks of Melrose abbey by his ancestors. (S) Early History of Stichill, Gunn, 1901, P56.
1195, King William, lying ill at Clackmannan,and having no son, assembled his nobles and announced his appointed successor as Otho of Saxony, who would marry princess Margaret. Earl Patrick of Dunbar, as leader of the dissenting group, maintained that succession of a female line was contrary to the customs of Scotland as long as there was a brother or nephew in the line. (S) Scotland Under Early Kings, Robertson, 2004, P339.
Aft. 1195, Earl Patrick confirmed the right of the monks of Melrose abbey to graze 3 flocks on the common pastures of Spott moor. (S) Domination and Lordship, Oram, 2011, P262.
7/1195, Earl Patrick of Dunbar, styled ‘justiciar’ in a charter. (S) Kingdom of the Scots, Barrow, 2003, P83.
4/16/1196, Earl Patrick donated land to Melrose abbey. (S) Regesta Regum Scottorum, 1971, P378.
1197, Philip de Poitou interdicted Earl Patrick, who governed for the king, from abbutting the bridge at Berwick on any land belonging to the palatinate [The bridge had to be repaired after a flood.]. (S) Brief Sketch of Durham, 4th Edition, 1865, P17.
1199, Patrick, earl of Dunbar, justiciary, witnessed a charter of King William. (S) Caledonia, V1, Chalmers, 1807, P704.
5/27/1199, John succeeded King Richard I of England.
By 1200, Ada, coutess of Earl Patrick, founded a Cistercerian nunnery at St. Bothaus. (S) Border Magazine, 1863, P212.
1200, ‘Ada comitissa filia regis’ died.
[–––Patrick & Christina–––]
1200, ‘P. comes de Dunbar et P. filius eius’ donated property which ‘Willo de Curteneya et A. uxori …’ to Kelso monastery. [Patrick’s seal had a lion rampant.]
Patrick married 2nd Christina de Brus, d/o William de Brus of Annandale & Christine ?. [Patrick’s step-daughter, Eupheme, would marry his son Patrick.]
1201, ‘Com Patricius’ paid a fine of 40 marks and 4 palfreys for an inquisition as to whether ‘Edgar avunculus com Walth patris com Patric’ was seised ‘de servicio Liolf fil Liolf’ in Northumberland. [Patrick failed in his claim – recognition that his great-uncle Edgar was seised in fee of the townships of Berwick, Eglingham and Lilburn at the beginning of the war between King Henry II and his son Henry the Young King, which occurred in 1173.] (S) Magna Carta, Holt, 1992, P136.
1201, William de Forde owed 100 marks for having the king’s peace for Earl Patrick. [Claim of Patrick over townships of Berwick, Eglingham and Lilburn.]
5/21/1203-1209, William, son of Patrick, for Coldstream Priroy; has given church of The Hirsel, as charters of Earl Cospatric, Earl Waltheof, and Patrick his father attest and establish.
~1204, Patrick, earl of Dunbar, in a dispute with the monks of Sorrowlessfield over a pasture. (S) Monastic Annals of Teviotdale, Morton, 1832, P264.
1205, Earl Patrick of Dunbar, styled ‘justiciar’.
7/6/1208, An agreement was formed between Patrick, earl of Dunbar, and the house of Melrose, concerning the pasture west of the Leader, whereby, the earl with the consent of Patrick, his son and heir, in the presence of William, king of Scots, and Earl David, his brother and other good men.
11/6/1208 at Selkirk, King William has granted settlement in his presence and in his full court of dispute between Patrick, earl of Dunbar, and Melrose Abbey anent pasture on west bank of Leader Water; settlement is made with consent of Earl Patrick's son and heir, Patrick.
1208-12, Earl Patrick of Dunbar for Melrose Abbey; has given, with agreement and consent of Patrick, his son and heir, that whole arable land called Sorrowlessfield beyond Leader Water from west towards monks’ grange, as William Sorrowless most fully held it. He exempts the monks from any earthly, forinsec or secular service.
1210, Patrick, earl of Dunbar, and Patrick, his son, and William de Courtenay and his wife Ada, in 1st year of agreement made between them about rent of their land in Hume.
1210-12, ‘comes Patricius’ holding ‘baroniam de Beneleghe’ with 3 knights’ fees in Northumberland.
1212, Earl Patrick offered 100 marks and a palfrey for the Beanley barony. (S) Reign of Alexander II, Oram, 2005, P110.
6/13/1213, Earl Patrick had placed his son William as a hostage in England. (S) Charters of the Abbey of Coupar-Angus, V40, Constable, 1947, P61.
Bef. 1214, Earl Patrick of Dunbar gave Melrose abbey 51 acres known as Friardykes. (S) Domination and Lordship, Oram, 2011, P263.
12/6/1214, Alexander II succeeded King William I of Scotland.
10/28/1216, Henry III, age 9, crowned king of England.
Bef. 10/5/1217, Patrick, earl of Dunbar, and Patrick, his son, announce that abbot and monks of Kelso Abbey, being accountable to William de Courtenay and his wife Ada, in 7th year of agreement made between them about rent of their land in Hume.
3/1218, Patrick founded a monastery of the Red Friars at Dunbar. (S) Monasticon, Gordon, 1875, P290.
11/11/1218, An agreement between Robert Brus and Patrick, earl of Dunbar and C. the countess, records that Patrick was to retain one third of the market and fair of Hartlepool, Durham. (S) Gazetteer of Markets and Fairs.
1220, Earl Patrick of Dunbar involved in a dispute with Dryburgh abbey over the boundaries of Earlston and Caddesley. (S) Land, Law and People in Medieval Scotland, Neville, 2010, P51.
6/18/1221, At York for the wedding of King Alexander to Joan, d/o King John of England, Earl Patric witnessed an endowment by King Alexander to Queen Joan of Jedburgh and Lessudden. (S) Calendonia, Chalmers, 1810, P241.
11/30/1222, King Alexander II for Coldingham Priory; has granted that resignation and quitclaim which Patrick, son of Earl Patrick of Dunbar, made of villa of Swinwood, as charter of Patrick, and confirmation of Earl Patrick, his father, bear witness.
3/30/1231, Robert de Roos witnessed a quit-claim of Patrick, son of Patrick, earl of Dunbar.
1231, Patrick became a monk.
12/25/1232, Patrick, earl of Dunbar and March, near dying, assembled his friends and neighbors in his castle and kept the festival with them. (S) Monastic Annals of Teviotdale, Morton, 1832, P224.
12/31/1232, Patrick, earl of Dunbar, ‘comes Marchie’, died; buried at the Cistercian nunnery of Eccles, Berwickshire.
(S) Scotland’s Historic Heraldry, McAndrew, 2006. (S) People of Medieval Scotland. (S) Foundation for Medieval Genealogy.
Family notes:
·         By 1134, Gospatric styled ‘Earl’ of Lothian.
·         8/22/1138, Earl Patrick [Gospatric] succeeded when his father was killed at the Battle of the Standard.
·         1140, ‘Cospatricius comes filius Cospatricii comitis’ witnessed a charter at Kelso.
·         1152-3, ‘Cospatricius comes’ donated Hertesheued to Melrose abbey, for the souls of ‘regis David et comitis Henr dominorum meorum’.
·         1160-1, ‘Comes Gospatrick xii m vi milites’ in Northumberland.
·         1166, Waltheof of Dunbar succeeded his father Gospatrick de Dunbar [who is buried at Durham].
·         1171-2, Earl Waltheof held 56 knights’ fees.
·         1175, Waltheof a hostage provided for the release of King William of Scotland by King Henry II of England.

Children of Patrick and Ada:
i. Patrick of Dunbar (486765194), born 1185 in Scotland.
ii. William of Dunbar, born ? in Scotland.

William married Christian, d/o Walter Corbet of Mackerston in Roxburgshire. [2 sons.]
1241, Christian died.

1253, William died.