Family histories with citations for reference and research -- Searching: I use original spellings from various sources. -- "It is a revered thing to see an ancient castle not in decay; how much more to behold an ancient family which has stood against the waves and weathers of time!" - Francis Bacon.
Wednesday, July 3, 2013
G31: 1272928372 King Henry I of France
1272928372. King Henry I of France &
1272928373. Anne of Kiev
5/4/1008, Henry born in Reims, France, s/o 1512882198. King Robert II “the pious” & 1512882199. Constance of Arles.
1/25/1016, Henry created Duke of Burgundy by his father.
9/17/1025, Henry’s older brother and co-King Hugh died
[possibly from a fall from a horse.] Henry’s mother Constance did not support
his succession, favoring her 3rd son Robert.
Reims, Henry I crowned King while
his father was still living [‘rex
designatus’, which would continue as a house-of-Capet tradition.]
1029-30, Henry and his brother Robert rebelled against their
1030, ‘Raynaldi comitis, Adheleys uxoris eius’ subscribed the
charter by which ‘Robertus regis Roberti filius et regis Henrici filii eius
germanus … Burgundie Dux’ restored property to Cluny.
1030, A 3-year famine began in Europe.
succeeded his father on his death at Melun.
1031-2, Henry’s mother, Queen Constance, having allied nobles
against the king, took control of several important towns in dower inlcuding
Senlis, Sens, Bethisy, Dammartin, Le Puiset, Melun and Poissy.
By 1032, Anne born in Kiev [Russia], d/o 2545856746. Yaroslav I of Kiev & 2545856747. Ingegerd Olofsdotter of Sweden.
1032, Henry made his younger brother Robert the Duke of Burgundy.
7/28/1032, Henry’s mother died.
1032, King Henry, at Fecamp, receives homage from his brother Duke
Robert, who also gets the Vexin. (S) Ecclesiastical History, Vitalis.
1032, Henry, after appointing Gelduin as bishop of Sens, who
was opposed by Odo, count of Blois, besieged [but did not take] the town of
Henry, after appointing Gelduin as bishop of Sens, who was opposed by Odo,
count of Blois, besieged [but did not take] the town of Sens. [–––Henry & Matilda
4/1033, King Henry met with King Conrad II in Deville on the
Meuse. (S) Papal Reform, Robinson, 2004, P124.
5/1033, King Henry, age 25, betrothed to Matilda, age 6, d/o
Emperor Conrad II.
1033, Queen Constance gave half of Sens to Odo, count of Blois,
which Odo occupied. Duke Robert of Normandy came to Henry’s assistance. Others
supporting Henry were Fulk Nerra of Anjou and Baldwin of Flanders. Fulk
defeated the Blesevins at Gournay and Clairvix. Count Odo had to seek a peace
agreement. Henry beseiged his mother Queen Constance at Poissy, but she
1033, Henry and Queen Constance reconciled.
1034, Casmir of Pland given refuge in Paris by King Henry. [In
1041 Casmir would return to Poland as King Casmir I and marry the aunt of King
Henry’s future bride.]
1034-37, King Henry in conflict with Count Odo of Blois.
1034, Henry’s mother Queen Constance died; buried at St. Denis.
1034, Matilda, age 7, died; buried at Worms cathedral.
[–––Henry & Matilda
1034, Henry married Matilda, d/o Luidolf, Margrave of Frisia.
1/1035, Duke William’s father, leaving on pilgrimage, sent William
to the court of King Henry I of France in Paris.
1035, King Henry summoned a council of all the bishops in France
to address the ‘heresy of Berengarius.’ (S) History of the Church, V4, Pise, 1829,
1036, The “Peace of God” proclaimed in southern and eastern
France by sybods of the clergy.
1037, Count Odo of Blois killed at the battle of Bar-sur-Aube.
1038, King Henry I of France gave a royal confirmation to the
re-incorporation of Anglicourt, Saint-Vaast. (S) Monastic Reform, Vanderputten,
6/4/1039, Conrad II, King of Germany, died; succeeded by Henry
III. King Henry of France put claims on Burgundy.
1040, King Henry besieged and destroyed the Norman outpost of
Tillieres-sur-Avre [land of Duke William], held by Gilbert Crispin for Blois.
1041, A rebellion began in an attempt to depose King Henry.
Henry’s younger brother Odo, aligned with Waleran, count of Meulan, and Ralph,
count of Amiens headed the revolt. Henry captured Odo and Ralph and imprisoned
them. Waleran of Meulan sought refuge with the Beaumonts.
12/1042, King Henry of France met King Henry III of Germany
near Ivois on the French border. King Henry of France gave up his claims to
1043, Henry sent ambassadors to England to congradulate Edward
the Confessor succeeding as king. [Edward had been in exile in Normandy where
he and King Henry had become friends.]
1043, King Henry entered Normandy chasing rebels from Ile-de-France
who took refuge there, led by Waleran, count of Meulan.
1043, Geoffrey Martel, supported by King Henry of France, began
a siege of Tours.
1044, Matilda died in childbirth; buried in Paris at Saint
Denis. [A daughter survived for 4 years.]
Aft. 1044, Henry had sent emissaries all over Europe looking
for a suitable bride – especially one that was not closely related. [Henry sent
the Bishop of Meaux to Kiev, Russia, an almost unknown city/country. He would
return with Anne.]
1046, King Henry of France vested Duke William [the Conqueror]
as a knight.
1046, King Henry invaded Lorraine while Holy Roman Emperor Henry
III [King of Germany] was away in Rome. [King Henry did not push far before
returning to France.]
8/1047, William, duke of Normandy, age 20, with the help of
King Henry I of France, suppressed a revolt of his vassals at the battle of
Val-es-Dunes near Caen on the river Orne. The revolt was led by Guy de Brionne
1048, Duke William accompanied King Henry on a campaign against
Count Geoffrey of Anjou. (S) William: King and Conqueror, Hagger, 2012, P182.
1048, King Henry of France and Henry III of Lorraine met at
Ivois and signed a peace treaty. King Henry was able to retain a part of Lorraine.
1048 at Senlis, Duke William and Count Baldwin attested a
charter of King Henry of France.
1049, King Henry of France and Duke William of Normandy
supported Thibaut of Blois and Champagne in a campaign against Geoffrey of
Gatinais, Count of Anjou. (S) Battle Conference, 1993, P108.
1049, King Henry, with the support of Duke William, captured
Mouliherne near Anges in Anjou against the forces of Geoffrey Martel. Geoffrey
retaliated by taking Ste-Maure.
[–––Henry & Anne–––]
1050, in Paris, At a council held by Henry, king of France,
supported Pope Leo IX’s opinion condeming Berengarius. (S) Institutes of
Ecclesiastical History, Moshem, 1841, P380.
5/19/1051, Henry married 3rd Anne. Anne brought a
gem stone, the “Hyacinth” [later presented by King Louis VI to St. Denis
cathedral.] Anne was able to sign her name to the wedding documents.
9/1051, King Edward of England exiled Godwin, earl of Wessex.
King Henry and Baldwin of Flanders sent
emissaries to King Edward in support of Godwin.
1051, Duke William married King Henry’s niece Matilda. [Note at
this time King Henry still did not have an heir.]
1052, King Henry “radially reversed his system of alliances.”
Geoffrey Martel became a strong ally. Their primary objective in the alliance
was the growing power of Duke William.
9/20/1052 at Vitry-aux-Loges, Duke William at King Henry’s
court. Duke William unsuccessfully sought a truce with King Henry of France.
1053, King Henry supported the revolt of William, count of
Arques, against Duke William [William the count, the uncle of William the
10/25/1053, Forces loyal to Duke William defeated forces of
King Henry near Saint-Aubin, who were attempting to reach Arques. [King Henry’s
vassal, Count Enguerrand of Ponthieu, died in the battle.]
2/20/1054, Anne’s father died.
2/1054, Duke William had to repel the forces of King Henry I
invading Normandy from the east, while the King’s brother Odo invaded from the
west. William divided his forces and took his part against King Henry. Of the
other armies, Duke William’s won the battle of Mortemer. After hearing this,
King Henry retreated to St-Denis.
1055, The Count of Sens died; King Henry took over the city.
5/1056, Henry met with Holy Roman Emperor Henry III over
right’s to Lorraine. Henry I challenged Henry III to single combat; but Henry
III escaped during the night.
10/5/1056, Holy Roman Emperor Henry III died.
8/1057, Duke William defeated the forces of King Henry at the
battle of Varaville on the coast. William had waited until the invading forces
were half on each side of a bridge to launch a surprise attack on one half.
1058, Henry, king of France, protects the abbey of
Saint-Maur- des-Fossés from his own cooks' pressure tactics when acquiring the
abbey’s cattle for the royal table. Subscribed by Queen Anne, and sons Philip
and Robert. (S) When Ego Was Imago, Bedow-Rezak, 2010, P-XII.
1058, King Henry I of France castrated prisoners he took in
wars with the Greeks. (S) Sex, Arnott, 2010.
1059, King Henry made a final brief campaign into Normandy.
5/23/1059. King Henry crowned his son Philip at Reims.
10/1059, Peter Damian, writing for Pope Nicholas II wrote to
Anne to thank her for her charitable donations. (S) Letters, V3, Damian, 1992, P21.
1060, at Dreux, King Henri confirmed the foundation of the
priory of Saint-Germain de Brezolles.
8/4/1060, King Henry died after an illness in Virty-en-Brie,
France; buried in Sainte Denis Basilica. [Shortly after the death of Henry,
king of France, a comet with a long tail appeared in the morning. (S) Practical
Astronomy, V1, Chambers, 1889, P574.]
1060-66, Queen Anne ruled as regent [the 1st Queen
to do so] during the minority of Philip. In a charter Philip states “I assume
royal power cojointly with my mother.” King Henry’s brother-in-law, Baldwin V
of Flanders, was her primary advisor and guardian of Philip. [In a charter
Baldwin is called “head of the royal palace”.]
1062, Anne married 2nd Count Ralph III of Valois;
who had repudiated his wife. Accussed of adultery, the couple were
3/20/1066, Haley’s comet
appeard in the sky at its closest point to earth, and was interpreted as an
5/1066, King Philip reached his majority and took over rule of
1067, The marriage of Anne and Ralph dissolved.
By 1069, Anne founded a house for canons at Senlis.
1069, ‘Rodulphus … Ambianensis comes’ donated property to
Sainte-Marie d'Amiens, subscribed by ‘Anna uxor eius’.
9/1074, Ralph died; Anne returned to the French court of her
son Philip, who forgave his mother.
1075, Anne, “mater regis”, confirmed a royal gift. (S) Kevan
Russia, Vernadsky, 1973, P343.
Bef. 9/5/1075, Anne died; buried at Villieers Abbey,
(S) Memoires of the Queens of France, V1, Bush, 1843. (S) The
Capetians, Bradbury, 2007. (S) Foundation for Medieval Genealogy.
Children of Henry and Anne: i. Philip I of France (756441480), born 5/23/1052 in France. ii. Hugh de Vermandois (636464186), born 1053 in France.