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Wednesday, July 10, 2013
G31: 1512882176 Fulk Nerra of Anjou
1512882176. Fulk III Nerra of Anjou &
1512882177. Hildegarde de Metz
970, Fulk d’Anjou born in Anjou, s/o §Geoffrey d’Anjou & Adela de Meaux.
970, Fulk’s older sister Ermengarde married to Conan I of
Rennes [who already had sons].
3/6/974, Adela donated property to Saint-Aubin d’Angers naming
‘seniore meo Gauzfredo comite’; subscribed by ‘Gauzfredi comitis, Fulconis
filii eius, Gauzfredi filii eius.’
974, Fulk’s mother died.
976, Fulk with his father at the court of Duke Hugh Capet at
985, Fulk with his father at Loches in the Touraine for the
dedication of a church to St. Mary.
8/20/985 at Angers, Fulk attended a court of his father.
7/3/987, Hugh Capet
succeeded Louis V [Carolingian] as King of France.
7/21/987, Fulk succeeded to Anjou on the death of his father.
988, In the election charter to Saint-Aubin, Fulk did not grant
the monks any judicial rights.
989, Fulk granted Marmoutier some fishing rights. (S)
Communities of Saint Martin, Farmer, 1991, P71.
Bef. 989, Fulk married Elisabeth de Vendome.
990, Fulk built a castle at Langeais at the junction of the
rivers Roumer and Loire [2nd oldest ‘donjon’ in France].
990, Conan I of Rennes seized Nantes, a city of Fulk’s ally Alan,
Count of Nantes, who was killed in the attack. Conan delcared himself Duke of
990, Fulk campaigned into Blois and burned the monastery of
Foulques Nerra asked Eudes, Count of Blois, for permission to build a
shelter for his hunting dogs on Eudes's land.
(S) Road from the Past, Caro, 1996, P158. [Foulques turned the ‘shelter’ into
the fortress of Langeais.]
Aft. 6/991, Fulk, with King Hugh of France, Bouchard of
Vendome, and Richard of Normandy in capturing Melun and Chateaudun [where the
defeated were treated severely].
5/992, Fulk began a siege the city of Nantes, which quickly
surrendered. Fulk still had to deal with the garrisoned citadel. After 3 weeks,
Fulk lifted the siege and returned to gather a larger army. Fulk enlisted Viscount
Aimery of Thouars and Viscount Radulf of le Mans. Fulk again marched on Nantes.
7/27/992, Fulk defeated and killed Conan I of Rennes in open
combat at the battle of Conquereuil [about 40 miles north of Nantes]. Conan
prepared defenses, digging of pits and filling them with water. Conan also
built a rampart across the field, protected on either side by swampy ground.
Fulk’s initial attack failed. Fulk called on his reserve forces, [he had a
larger army] which won the battle. [Fulk did penance “for the great slaughter
of Christians which occurred on the plain”.]
992, Fulk began construction of fortifications to secure his
holdings; placing the castles within a day’s march of each other. [Most were
earth and timber, motte-and-bailey; others were stone.] (S) Medieval Fortess,
Kaufmann, 2004, P106.
993, King Hugh of France encourged Fulk Nerra of Anjou to
attack Brittany and Touraine. (S) Cambridge Medieval History, Reuter, 1999,
994, Fulk estabished Judicael, natural s/o Count Hoel I, as
Count of Nantes.
9/994, King Hugh of France supported Fulk’s campaigning by
relieving the siege of Langeais by Odo I of Blois, who became ill.
7/4/995, Fulk’s main opponent, Odo I of Blois died, leaving
small children to succeed. [King Robert of France would soon marry Odo’s
By 996, Fulk had fortifited his castle at Langeais with stone.
996, Fulk, supported by Aldebert of la Marche, captured Tours
and Chateauneuf; and damaged the cloister of Saint-Martin at Tours [Fulk’s
ancestral burial site. Fulk humbled himself before the monks and had subsequent
good relations.] (S) Living with the Dead, Geary, 1994, P107.
10/24/996, Robert II,
the pious, succeeded as King of France.
997, Fulk captured the fortress of Montsoreau.
Bef. 7/25/997, Fulk’s forces driven from Tours and Chateauneuf.
998, King Robert of France rejected Fulk’s supporter Peter as
‘presul’ of Tours; putting in place Walter as treasurer of Saint-Martin.
999, Viscount Geoffrey of Bourges, and Fulk lent support to the
foundation of the church of the Holy Cross at Graçay.
999, Elisabeth’s father Bouchard of Vendome allied with King
Robert of France and laid siege to Bourges [which was allied with Fulk Nerra.]
12/999, Elisabeth de Vendome used her men to sieze the citadel
in Angers, planning to turn it over to her father. Fulk attacked and set fire to
the city. Elisabeth, [supposedly] captured after after falling from the
citadel, died when Fulk [supposedly] burned her at the stake on a charge of
adultery. [It does appear that she “burned to death”, either in the citadel,
which Fulk set afire, or at the stake.]
1/17/1000, Fulk provided the cathedral of Angers with the
income from half of the tolls collected at the bridge across the Mayenne at
1000, Fulk built the stone castle at Montrevault.
9/1001, Fulk appointed Hubert of Vendome as a new abbot at
1001, King Robert of France divorced Bertha and married Constance
of Arles, Fulk’s cousin. [King Robert would keep Bertha as a consort for many
1002, Fulk built the stone castle at Mirebeau. (S) Viator
Medieval and Renaissance Studies, V10, 1979, P117.
9/1003, Fulk announced his intention to make a pilgrimage to
the Holy Land. Fulk “was terrified by the fear of Gehenna went to the sepulchre
of the Savior in Jerusalem.” (S) Haskins Society Journal, Patterson, 2003, P66.
Winter/1004, Fulk went on a pilgrimage to Jersusalem, leaving his
half-brother Maurice to rule the Angevin state. (S) English Historical Review,
1004, Count Odo II of Blois allied with his brother-in-law
Richard, duke of Normandy in a coordinated attack on Fulk in Anjou from west
and east. [The campaign never occurred, apparently because of King Robert of
12/25/1004, Fulk, returning from the pilgrimage, attended the
Christmas court held by Duke William of Aquitaine at the monastery of Maillezais
[the Duke’s wife being Fulk’s cousin Adalmode.]
and her husband
7/12/1005, Bishop Renaud II of Angers died. For the next year
[until 6/13/2006], Fulk had the revenues of the episcopal vacancy.
7/1005, at Chartre-sur-le-Loir; Fulk met with his former brother-in-law,
Bishop Renaud of Paris, Abbot Theobald of Cormery, and half-brother Maurice,
Viscount Hubert of Vendôme, as well as many other magnates.
1005, Fulk campaigned into Berry; lands of the house of Blois.
1005-6, Fulk completed his castle of Montbazon, on lands
belonging to the monastery of Comery. (S) Medieval Military Technology,
DeVries, 2012, P225.
1005-6, Fulk of Anjou and King Robert publically reconciled.
[–––Fulk & Hildegarde–––]
By 1/1006, Fulk married 2nd Hidegarde.
6/1006, Vicount Hubert of Vendome gives the church of Maze to
Count Fulk Nerra to obtain the bishopric of Angers for his son Hubert.
1007, Fulk Nerra built Chateau-Gontier, above the Mayenne
river, in the ‘curtis’ of Bazouges, on lands belonging to Saint-Aubin. [‘Fulco
Andegavorum comes atque Hildegardis conjunx mea’ founded the monastery of La
Charité Sainte-Marie d´Anjou.]
1007, Fulk visited Rome and had an audience with Pope John
XVIII, getting support for the new foundation.
1008, Fulk Nerra arranged
for the murder of the king’s favourite Hugh of Beauvais, count palatine. 12 of
his men killed Hugh, who at the time was hunting with King Robert. Fulk,
providing protection for the killers, was declared guilty of treason according
to Roman law by a group of secular judges. [Fulk got out of this predicament by
agreeing to make another pilgrimage.] (S) New Cambridge Medieval History, V3,
Reuter, 1999, P392. [King Robert had travelled to Rome at the instance of Hugh
in an attempt to get a divorce from Fulk’s cousin Constance. King Robert’s
lover was the widow of Odo I of Blois.]
1008, Fulk’s nephew Count Geoffrey-Berengar of Rennes died;
reducing the threat on his wester frontier.
3/1010, Fulk in Angers [possibly returning from pilgrimage –
which is highly debated.]
1010, Fulk expanded the castle of Langeais with a rectangular
keep of 3 stories. (S) Life in a Medieval Castle, Gies, 2010, P236.
3/1/1011, Monks passing through Angers, while stopping to
attend mass, noted that ‘they feared Count Fulk.’
1011, Fulk took personal control of Chateauneuf.
5/1012, Fulk’s abbey of Beaulieu-lez-Loche consecrated. [Called
Fulk’s “Battle Abbey”, it was adorned with friezes showing scenes from the
Battle of Conquereuil.] (S) War and the Making of Medieval Monastic Culture, Smith,
1012, Restoration begun on the church of St. Martin, Angers, at
the instance of Count Fulk and Countess Hildegardis. [The remains of St. Lupus,
7th-century bishop of Angers, was discovered in the restoration.]
1013-4, Fulk at War with Count Hugh III of Maine [who soon
1014, Count Herbert I ‘Wake-Dog’ of Maine, a minor, submitted
to Fulk. [Fulk controlled western Maine as far north as Mayenne. (S) Medieval
Warfare, France, 2006, P227.]
7/1015, Fulk advanced into the Touraine to retake the
stronghold of Montbazon [which he captured after a several-month siege.]
1016, Fulk laid siege to the city of Tours. When Fulk learned
that Odo II was coming to end the siege, he moved his forces up-river to
Amboise. Learning more of Odo’s moverments, he moved to intercept him at
7/6/1016, Fulk Nerra, count of Anjou, and Count Herbert of
Maine, defeated Odo II at the battle of Pontlevoy. [Fulk led the charge against
Odo. Fulk’s horse went down. Fulks standard bearer, Sigebrannus, was either
killed or wounded, and the standard fell; causing Fulk’s forces to withdraw
from the field. Herbert of Maine then flanked the forces of Odo and won the
1017, Fulk permitted Count Herbert I ‘Wake-Dog’ to succeed his
father in Maine.
1017, Fulk built a motte castle, St-Cyr-sur-Loire, near Tours.
(S) Routledge Companion to Medieval Warfare, Bradbury, 2004, P211.
1/17/1020, ‘Fulco Andecavorum comes’ relinquished rights
to the bishop of Angers ‘pro anima patris mei Gauffredi et matris Adelæ.’
6/9/1017 at Compiegne, Fulk attended the crowning [‘rex
designatus’] of King Robert’s son Hugh Magnus.
1018, Fulk met with William of Aquitaine, who sought his
1020, Fulk sought the first abbot of his new monastery of St.
Nicholas from the monastery of Marmoutier.
12/1/1020, Bishop Hubert dedicated the abbey of St. Nicholas,
founded by Count Fulk Nerra.
1021, Fulk launched a raid towards Saumur. By treaty, Fulk
stopped his advance and began building at fortress at Treves in the Loire
valley. During this time Odo II, count of Blois, laid siege to Montboyau.
6/1021, Fulk had rallied forces and lifted the siege of Montboyau.
12/25/1221, Fulk is ruling Vendomois. (S) State-Building in
Medieval France, Bachrach, 1976, P153.
10/1022-10/1023, Fulk gave to St. Nicholas, for the sustenance
of the monks and the poor, his own properties above the banks of the Brionneau,
his mother’s vines and orchard in Pre-d’Alloyau, more than 12 arpents of
meadows … in exchange for half the church of La Poueze … men of the monaster …
service to be demandon only in case of war …
12/1022, Count Fulk at a large gathering at Vendome.
3/1023, King Robert and Count Fulk of Anjou met near Vihiers.
3/1025 at Saintes, Count Fulk captured and imprisoned Count
Herbert Wake-Dog of Maine; taking control of the county.
9/17/1025, King Robert’s heir, Hugh Magnus, died [to be succeed
by 2nd son Henry.]
6/1026, Count Odo II of Blois again attacked the castle of Fulk
Nerra at Montboyau; part of the fortifications protecting Tours. Odo built a
siege engine, a ‘wooded tower of great height’. Fulk, instead of attacking Odo,
launched an attack on, and captured Saumur, burning the monastery of St.
Florent. Odo had to lift his siege. (S) History of the Early Medieval Siege,
Purton, 2009, P157.
3/1027, Fulk released Count Herbert Wake-Dog of Maine on
agreements that he held Maine of Fulk
8/1027, Fulk and Odo II reached an agreement at Odo’s siege of
Saumur. Fulk would get Saumur, and Odo would destroy the fortress at Montboyau
4/1028, Count Fulk and Count Odo II appeared together at the
court of King Robert of France.
1028, Fulk built the fortress of Montfacon in the Mauges region.
7/14/1028, Fulk, Hildegarde and son Geoffrey at the dedication
of the Abbey of Sainte-Marie de Ronceray, restored at the instance of
Hildegarde. [‘Fulco Andecavorum comes et uxor mea Hildegardis filius quoque
noster Goffridus’ donated the bridge of Mayenne to the monastery of La Charité
Sainte-Marie d´Anjou. Fulk names his parents Geoffrey and Adela.]
1029, Count Fulk gave gifts to Ronceray and St. Martin.
By 1030, Fulk gave his son Geoffrey Martel control of Saumur.
7/20/1031, Henry I
became King of France on the death of his father King Robert.
1/31/1032, Geoffrey Martel recognized as Count of Vendome by
his father Fulk on his marriage to Agnes, d/o Otto-William, count of Macon [and
widow of William of Aquitaine.].
4/1032 at Orleans, Baldwin of Flanders, Fulk Nerra, Robert of
Burgundy, Robert of Normandy, Herbert of Maine, and Odo II of Blois some of the
great magnates at the court of King Henry I.
1032, Fulk’s son Geoffrey rebelled against his father.
1032, Foulques Nerra, Comte d´Anjou, transmitted ‘honor
Vindocinensis’ to his only daughter by his first wife [Adela.]
1032, Another fire destroyed Angers [supposedly started by
Fulk, for which he would again pledge penance through a pilgrimage to the Holy
12/6/1032, Bishop Hubert and Count Fulk acted together to
extend the rights of Fulk’s monastery of St. Nicholas to address burials.
1033, Queen Constance, mother of King Henry I of France, gave
half of Sens to Odo, count of Blois, which Odo occupied. Duke Robert of
Normandy came to King Henry’s assistance. Others supporting King Henry were
Fulk Nerra of Anjou and Baldwin of Flanders.
1033, The 1000th
anniversary of the death of Christ; a year of famine and torrential rain in
France. (S) The Age of Pilgrimage, Sumpton, 2003, P190.
1033-4, Fulk and son Geoffrey met at Saint-Florent-le-Vieil
take measures to secure the Mauges region from the attacks of Count Budic of
Nantes. They built a defensive complex near Saint-Florent-le-Vieil, funded from
monastery rights granted during the Carolingian era to collect tolls from ships
passing on the river.
1034, Fulk and
son Geoffrey build strongholds near Saint-Florent-le-Vieil.
1035, Geoffrey in conflict with his father Fulk.
1036, Fulk and his son Geoffrey were reconciled. [In order to
regain the favour of his father, Geoffrey walked several miles with the saddle
over his shoulders, prostrated himself before his father, who put a foot on the
saddle on his back.] (S) Ritual and Politics, Dalewski, 2008, P52.
12/1036, Fulk assented to Bishop Hubert’s choice of Walter as
abbot of St. Aubin.
1037, A charter recording the birth [in 1006] of ‘Gaufridus Martellus
… pater eius Fulcho … comes Andecavorum filius Gaufridi Fortissimi comitis qui
cognominatus est Grisia Gonella’; and records donations to Saint-Aubin d'Angers.
11/15/1037, Odo II died at the battle of Commercy. Fulk used the
opportunity to make an expedition into the Touraine to recapture Langeais.
6/1038, Thibaut II of Blois lost Langeais to Fulk Nerra of
[Undated] ‘Fulco Andecavorum comes et uxor mea Hildegardis
filius quoque noster Goffridus’ donated the bridge of Mayenne to the monastery
of La Charité Sainte-Marie d´Anjou.
1038-9, Fulk made a pilgrimage to the Holy Land.
6/21/1040, Fulk ‘the black’ died at Metz, returning from his
pilgrimage; buried at Beaulieu-lez-Loche, Abbaye de Saint-Pierre; succeeded by his
son Geoffrey Martel.
Aft. 1040, ‘Hildegardis comitissa’ relinquished rights in
favour of the oratory of Toussaint.
[Undated] ‘Joffredus Andecavorum comes … michi matronis domna
Hildgalde comitissa genitrice mea simulque conjuge mea Agnosze’ donated ‘curte
Petre’ to the monastery of La Charité Sainte-Marie d´Anjou.
Hildegarde became a nun at Abbey of Sainte-Marie de Ronceray
[which she had founded.]
By 1045, the nuns of the abbey wrote “God-fearing and most pious
of countesses, Lady Hildegarde, born of royal stock, … led from the
Lotharingian territories … in order to restore those churches which were
devastated in the past.”
4/1/1046, Hildegard died on a pilgrimage to Jerusalem; buried
at the Church of the Holy Sepulchre, Jerusalem.
(S) Fulk Nerra, Bachrach, 1993. (S) Foundation for Medieval
Genealogy. (S) A Bishop and His World, Fanning, 1988. (S) England Under the
Angevin Kings, V1, Norgate, 1887, P134ff.
II ‘le Bon’, Comte d’Anjou, s/o §Foulques
I ‘le Roux’, Comte d’Anjou & Roscille de "Loches".
·938-40, Geoffrey d’Anjou born s/o§Foulques II & Gerberge ?.
·11/11/958, Foulques II died.
·9/960, ‘Gausfredi comitis’ subscribed the
charter by which Aremburgis donated property to Saint-Florent de Saumur.
·6/19/966, ‘Gaufridus … Andecavorum comes’ names
‘patris mei Fulconis, matris quoque meæ Gerbergæ’ in a charter.
·971, Geoffrey helped the viscomital house of le
Mans and the lords of Bellême put their relative in the episcopal chair at le
·Adela de Meaux, d/o §Robert, Comte de Meaux et de Troyes & Adelais de Bourgogne.
·By 3/979, Geoffrey married 2nd
Adelais ?, widow of Lambert, comte de Chalon. [Adelais and Lambert had a son
Hugh, count of Chalon. Geoffrey and Adelais had a son Maurice, half-brother to
Hugh, and half-brother to Fulk.]
·10/18/984, ‘Gauzfredi comitis, Adaleidis
comitissa’ subscribed a charter.
·7/21/987, Count Geoffrey [‘Greymantle’ or
‘Greygown’] died during a siege of Marcon.
Child of Fulk and Elisabeth: i. Adela d’Anjou, born by 999 in Anjou.
1005, Adela married to Bodon de Nevers.
By 1020, On the death of her brother, Adela became the heir to
1031, Adela gave the honor of Vendome to her brother Geoffrey.
By 2/26/1035, Adela died.
Children of Fulk and Hildegarde: i. Geoffroy Martel d’Anjou, born 10/14/1006 in Loches, Anjou.
4/31/1040, ‘Goffridi comitis Andegavorum, Agnetis conjugis suæ’
founded the abbey of La Trinité de Vendôme.
6/21/1040, Geoffrey succeeded his father as Geoffrey I Martel,
1041, ‘Theobaldi filii Odonis Campaniensis’ of Blois lost Tours
to Geoffrey Martel. [But later recaptured the town.]
1043, Geoffrey Martel, supported by King Henry of France, began
a siege of Tours.
8/21/1044, Thibaut III of Blois and his brother Stephen,
assisted by Geoffrey of Chaumont, in an attempt to end a siege of Tours being
conducted by Geoffrey Martel, clashed at the battle of Nouy.
1049, King Henry of France, with the support of Duke William,
captured Mouliherne near Anges in Anjou against the forces of Geoffrey Martel.
Geoffrey retaliated by taking Ste-Maure.
1051, Herbert of Maine attacked at Le Mans by Geoffrey Martel.
1051, Duke William of Normandy began a siege of Domfront, held
for Geoffrey Martel of Anjou.
8/1051, Thibaut III of Blois and Geoffrey Martel both
signatories to a charter.
1052, King Henry of France “radially reversed his system of
alliances.” Geoffrey Martel became a strong ally. Their primary objective in
the alliance was the growing power of Duke William.
1054, In response to the invasion of King Henry I of France, Duke
William built a castle at Ambrieres in northern Maine; and captured the castle
of Geoffrey of Mayenne, who was allied with Geoffrey Martel.
1055, ‘Gaufredus comitatus Andecavensis naturalis heres’ made
donations to Marmoutier in which he names ‘nepotibus meis … Gaufredo et altero
Fulcone.’ [Sons of his sister Ermengarde.]
8/1057, Duke William had to repel the forces of King Henry I of
France invading Normandy with Geoffrey Martel.
1060, ‘Gaufridi comitis Andegavensium … comitissæ Adelaidis
Teutonicæ’ subscribed the charter which founded the priory of Laudun, under the
direction of Tournus abbey.
11/14/1060, Count Geoffrey knighted by his nephew Fulk le
1060-61, Count Geoffrey Martel of Anjou [the Hammer] died
leaving Fulk le Reichin [“the Snarler”] the Saintogne region. [Fulk’s older
brother, Geoffrey the Bearded, got the heartlands of Anjou.]
ii. Ermengard of Anjou (756441089), born 1018 in Anjou.
5/26/1028, Francon Bishop of Paris … concerning a prior grant by
the bishop's predecessor to ‘Gosfrido comiti Landonensi castri’, with the
approval of ‘fratribus ipsius Alberici, filiis Hugonis Pertice … Gosfredo
[Count Geoffrey of Gainais] et Letoldo.’
1035, Ermengard married §CountGeoffrey of Gatinais (756441088),
s/o §Hugues du Perche, Comte de Gâtinais
& Beatrix de Mâcon.
3/1/1046, Count Geoffrey died.
1048, Robert I, duke of Burgundy, married 2nd widow
3/18/1076, Ermengarde murdered at the church of
Fleury-sur-Ouche [with her husband], Côte d’Or; buried at Abbaye de
Saint-Seine, Côte d'Or.
Child of Geoffrey & Ermengard: [2nd son] Count Fulk IV of Anjou (378220544),