Saturday, July 19, 2014

Bond 486734854 Beaumont-FitzRoy

486734854. Robert de Beaumont & 486734855. Maud fitz Roy

8/1137, Louis VII succeeded as King of France.
~1140, Robert born in Meulan, Normandy, eldest s/o 79959034. Earl Waleran de Beaumont & 79959035. Agnes de Montfort.
1143, Maud born in Dunstanville, Kent, England, d/o 79849538. Earl Reginald de Dunstanville & 973469711. Beatrice fitz Richard.
12/19/1154, Henry [II], Duke of Normandy, crowned king of England.
4/10/1166, Robert’s father died; Robert succeeding.
12/8/1174 at Valognes, Normandy, An agreement is formed between William, king of Scots, and Henry (II), king of the English, son of the Empress Matilda. King William becomes the liege man of the king against all men, for Scotland, … He also does homage and swears fealty to the King Henry, his son (i.e., Henry the young king), reserving the fealty due to his father the king … witnesses … Robert de Beaumont, count of Meulan. (S) POMS.
7/1/1175, Maud’s father died.
11/1/1179 at Rhiems, Philip II Augustus crowned King of France.
1181, Robert’s mother died.
9/3/1189, Richard I succeeded King Henry II of England.
5/27/1199, John succeeded Richard I as King of England.
1202, King Philip dispossed King John’s lands in Aquitaine due to his refusal to answer charges brought against him. [This started the war in which almost all English lands in France were taken.]
4/2/1203, King John to Robert, Comte de Meulan: “Know ye that We have pardoned you all the wrath and malevolence which we had against you … We grant Our safe conduct …”
5/8/1203, at Rouen, Comte Robert de Meulan pledged all his land of Normandy to Us [King John] for 5000 marks of silver … he shall hold the said land as long as he shall live. … Moreover, the same Comte hath quitclaimed to Us … the town of Pont Audemer and the castle … knights’ fees … abbies of Preaux … priory of St. Gilles … shall remain to him …
5/1203, King Philip captured the castle of Falaise, Domfront [Caen], and their neighboring districts. Coutances, Bayeux, Lisieux, and Avranches voluntarily came under the protection of Philip. [Lands in Normandy.]
7/1203, King Philip laid siege to the Castle of Ruil [Vaudreuil], which capitulated by agreement after receiving no relief from King John.
1203, Peter de Meulan, son of Robert Comte de Meulan, delivered the castle of Beaumont to King Philip of France. [Apparently Peter decided to allign himself with King Philip.]
5/1/1204, Robert Comte de Meulan declared to have divested himself of all his lands, in France, Normandy and England and relinquished them to Mabiria, wife of William Earl of the Isle of Wight. Witnesses included John and William de Preaux … sealed with the seal of the Comte.
6/24/1204, King Philip captured Rouen after a month-long siege. In the document of the surrender [Robert] ‘Comite de Mellento’ was excepted from any terms of the surrender.
1204, ‘Robertus, eo nomine quartus, Comes Mellenti, ob rebellionem adversus Philippum Regem.’
9/9/1204, Robert sent a letter to England, to be delivered to William Mareschal, earl of Pembroke [a favorite of King John], to inform his tenents that they were ‘subservient to the said Earl as to their Lord’.
1205, Robert went to England [where some of his men were arrested.]
12/15/1205, King John ordered the ment of the Comte de Meulan, arrested at Shoreham, should be set free. [Other letters followed to other members of Robert’s retinue.]
1/24/1206, A writ from King John ordering the delivery of 10 marks to [Robert] the Comte de Meulan.
5/30/1206, King John ordered William de Falaise to cause Robert Comte de Meulan to have the manor of Thorbury during pleasure.
6/1205, King John, at Portsmouth, made a gift of 10 marks to Matildia Comtesse de Meulan. (S) Magni Rotuli Scaccarii, Stapleton, 1844, P202.
11/14/1207, King John ordered livery to [Robert] Comte de Meulan of 25 marks, which were in arrear of 100 marks value of land, which the king had assigned to him.
Robert died.
10/25/1212, Matildis Comtesse de Meulan began receiving annual payments of 10 marks from King John.
(S) Magni Rotuli Scaccarii, Stapleton, 1844, P200ff.
Child of Robert and Maud:
i. Matilda de Beaumont (243367427), born ~1160 in England.

Bond 243367426 Vernon-Beaumont

243367426. Earl William de Vernon de Redvers  & 243367427. Matilda de Beaumont

~1135, William born in England, younger s/o 159699734. Earl Baldwin de Redvers & 159699735. Adeliz Baluun.
12/19/1154, Henry II succeeded Stephen as King of England.
6/4/1155, William’s father died; succeeded by his older brother Richard.
By 1157, William’s paternal uncle and namesake died.
1157, King Henry II confirmed the property of the abbey of Blanchelande with donations by ‘ … et Willelmus de Vernone et Ricardus eius filius’. (S) FMG.
~1160, Matilda born in England, d/o 486734854. Robert de Beaumont & 486734855. Maud fitz Roy.
1161, William’s older brother Richard died; succeeded by his nephew Baldwin, s/o Richard.
3/1164, Accounts dealing with King Henry’s continental dominions: “Pro navibus ad opus Archideiacoi Pictaria et Vicecomitis de Casteldun et Willelmi de Vernon £4. 10s.”
1166, William , Justice of Normandy.
3/25/1175, at Caen, Normandy, a royal confirmation to Montebourg abbey of the chapel of St. Maglorius, in the Isle of Sark, as given by William de Vernone … witnessed by Richard de Vernone and William de Vernone, junior [assumed descendent of his paternal uncle].
1188, Baldwin died; succeeded by his younger brother Richard.
9/3/1189, Richard I succeeded Henry II as King of England. William, earl of the Isle of Wight, 1 of 4 earls carrying the silken canopy.
1193, William de Vernon – Earl of Devon and the Isle of Wight, s/o Baldwin de Redvers, succeeded his nephew Richard de Redvers as earl.
Aft. 1193, Confirmation by William de Vernun, earl of Devon, son of earl Baldwin, of his father's grant to Sir Gervase, or Geoffrey, the abbot, and the brethren, of Savigny (Savign'), of land to build a monastery viz. the manor of Areton, the land of Sieta in Boecumbe, and the mills of Cristesch[ irch ]e and Holeherst &c. Also grant by the said William, to the monks of Quarr, of the land which Tosti de Holeherst held, and the land of Tidelingeham, with confirmation of the gift of Hugh de Mandevilla of the land of Louecumb, …, and of the grant by his said father, with the consent of earl Richard, William's brother, of the chapel of St. Nicholas in Karesbrok Castle, also of the grant of the tithe of all the salt of the salt pits of Liment[ on ], and of land in Sueia granted to the said monks in exchange for the land of Witefeld; …. : I. of Wight. (S) UKNA.
Aft. 1193, Grant in frank almoin by Hugh son of Robert son of Ligerius, to the canons of Brommore, of land in Brommore abutting upon the way leading to Sherdiford and the way to the church of Brommore. Witnesses: William, earl of Devon, Mabel the countess. (S) UKNA.
~1196, Charter of William de Vernone, earl of Devon, notifying that for the weal of his soul, and those of his wife Mabel his predecessors and successors, he approves the gift made by his grandmother Adeliz de Revers to the abbey of St. Mary of Montebourg and its monks of the manor of Wolvel in Berkesyr with all its appurtenances. (S) Cal. of Doc.’s Preserved in France, Round, 1899.
6/26/1197, Letters patent of Hubert archbishop of Canterbury, primate of all England, notifying that William de Vernone earl of Devon has, in his presence, restored to Montebourg abbey the manor of Wolvelay, with all its appurtenances, which Adeliza de Reveriis, his grandmother, had given to the abbey, whose gift the earl had confirmed by his charter, which the primate has inspected. And the earl has quitclaimed that manor to the abbey for ever … (S) Cal. of Doc.’s Preserved in France, Round, 1899.
5/27/1199, John succeeded Richard I as King of England.
5/1/1204, Robert Comte de Meulan declared to have divested himself of all his lands, in France, Normandy and England and relinquished them to Mabiria, wife of William Earl of the Isle of Wight. (S) Magni Rotuli Scaccarii, Stapleton, 1844, P201.
1204, King John confiscated Plymptom castle as a guarantee of payments owed by William.
Earl William de Vernun, ‘pro licentia remanendi’ that the king would receive the scutages of his knight’s –fees which he held in capite. (S) History of … King Henry the Second, Lyttelton, 1777, P497.
1205, William recovered Plympton castle. (S) Gate Records of Plympton Castle.
1205, Matilda’s parents moved from Normandy to England, having lost all their lands on the continent.
1207-1212, Matilda’s father died.
Aft. 10/25/1212, Matilda’s mother died.
6/19/1215 at Runnymede near Windsor, John forced to agree to the terms of the Magna Carta.
1215, William died.
(S) Court, Household and Itinerary of King Henry II, Eyton, 1878.
Family notes:
[This family needs more research because of the probable intermixing of the records of the families in England and in Normandy.]
William de Vernun, son of Baldwin de Redvers, gave grants to the church of St. Mary, Carisbrooke, founded by his father. (S) History of Hampshire, V2, Page, 1903, P230.
Another “William de Vernun” is in multiple records beginning around 1219, a descendent of this William’s paternal uncle.
Child of William and Matilda:
i. Mary de Vernon (121683713), born ~1185 in England.

Friday, July 18, 2014

Bond 243367424 Courtenay-d'Aincourt

243367424. Reginald de Courtenay & 243367425. Hawise d’Aincourt

~1130, Reginald born in France, s/o §Renaud Sire de Courtnay & [2nd wife] Maud, Dame du Sap.
~1150, Hawise born in England, d/o §Robert d’Avranches & Matilda de Dol.
1152, Reginald a member of the retinue of Queen Eleanor of France [future Queen of England].
3/21/1152 at the king’s castle of Beaugency, the marriage of Queen Eleanor and King Louis VII annuled by a synod of Pope Eugenius III. Louis retained custody of their daughters. Eleanor immediately took flight for Poitou.
5/18/1152 in Poitiers Cathedral, Henry [future II], Duke of Normandy and Count of Anjou, age 19, married Eleanor, age 30, without King Louis’ consent.
10/1154, King Stephen of England died.
12/7/1154, Henry and Eleanor crossed the channel to England.
12/19/1154, Henry II succeeded Stephen as King of England.
1161, Reginald created lord of Sutton in England.
1/1164, Reginald de Courtenay attested a royal charter at Clarendon.
11/165, In a charter naming ‘Alianorae Reginae’, and attested at Westminster, in favor of St. Catherine’s priory near Lincoln … attested … [multiple bishops], Reginald, earl of Cornwall; Roger de Moubray; and Reginald de Courtenay.
4/5/1170, At Windsor, Reginald de Curtenai witnessed a royal grant in favor of Swineshead abbey.
7/22/1170 at Freteval, King Louis of France along with multiple archbishops and bishops are at a meeting between King Henry of England and Archbishop Thomas Becket; King Henry refusing to give ‘the Kiss of Peace.’
8/15/1170, at Chinon, France, Reginald de Courtenay witnessed a royal confirmation of a grant to the Norman Abbey of Lyra made by [deceased] Robert, earl of Leicester.
12/29/1170, King Henry complicit in the murder of Thomas Becket, Archbishop of Cantebury.
6/1171, At Chivilly, France, Reginald de Curtenay witnessed 2 charters of King Henry.
7/1171, at Bur le Roy, near Bayeux, Normandy, Reginald de Curtenay witnessed a charter of Henry, the young King [Henry II’s eldest son.]
10/1171, After the English Pope Adrian granted Ireland to King Henry, Henry landed at Waterford with 400 knights, 4000 men-at-arms, and 400 ships. Reginald accompanied King Henry into Ireland.
11/11/1171, at Dublin, Ireland, King Henry expedited a charter to his “men of Bristol”, giving the city of Dublin to them to inhabit and hold as they held Bristol. Witnesses – William de Braose; Reginald de Curtenai; …
12/25/1171, Reginald with King Henry in Dublin for Christmas.
4/17/1172, Reginald, with King Henry, sailed from Wexford in Ireland to South Wales; King Henry named Rhys ap Gruffydd his Justice of South Wales.
4/1173, King Henry’s 3 eldest surviving sons: Henry, Richard & Geoffrey rebelled against him; supported by their mother. [King Henry hired 20,000 mercenaries to help put down the rebellion.]
1173, Reginald married Hawise.
9/1174, King Henry broke King Louis’ siege of Rouen, Normandy.
9/22/1174, at Beauvoir, France [northwest of Poictiers], Reginald de Courtenay withnessed a royal grant to Richard de Lucy.
9/30/1174, at Mont Louis between Tours and Amboise, Reginald de Courteney witnessed King Henry’s charter freeing his burgesses in England, Normandy, Wales and Ireland from tolls.
10/10/1174, at Falaise, where the “state prisoners” were being held [including King William of Scotland] from the rebellion, Reginald de Curtenay one of many witnesses to a royal manifest.
10/11/1174, King Louis VII stopped supporting King Henry’s sons, effectively ending their rebellion.
12/8/1174, at Valoins, Reginald de Curtenai with a royal charter dealing with pacification of King William of Scotland.
12/25/1174, Reginald with the royal retinue [signing multiple charters during this time] celebrating Christmas at Argentan, Normandy.
3/25/1175, at Caen, Normandy, Reginald de Curtenay witnessed a royal charter to Montebourg abbey.
5/8/1175, King Henry returned to England.
7/1175, at Woodstock, Reginald de Curtenai witnessed a royal confirmation of a charter of Simon, earl of Huntingdon.
8/1/1175, at Nottingham, Reginald de Curtenai witnessed a royal charter to Welbeck abbey.
8/10/1175, at York, Reginald present at royal court which included Henry, the young King; King William of Scotland, and many of the nobles of Scotland.
10/6/1175, Reginald present at the Great Council held at Windsor.
3/14/1176, at Westminster, Reginald de Curtenai attested a royal charter to Rivaulx Abbey.
5/1176, Reginald attested multiple royal charters dated at Westminster.
5/1177, at Oxford, Reginald de Courtenay attested a royal grant to the Priory of St. Thomas at Dublin.
1177, Reginald granted Sutton Courtenay, Berkshire, by King Henry II. (S) Royal Berkshire History.
1178, Reginald and his wife Hawise were given by the Pope a licence to have a free chapel at Okehampton.
12/25/1178, at Winchester, King Henry’s great Charter to the Abbey of Waltham, Essex, witnessed by Reginald de Curtenai. [Reginald also witnessed a charter to Godstow Nunnery.]
8/27/1179, at Westminster, Reginald de Curtenai attested a royal charter to Furness abbey.
8/1181, at Clipston, Reginald de Curteneye attested a royal charter to the Order of Lazarites, also attested by the King’s son Geoffrey.
10-12/1181, at Westminster, Reginald de Curtenay witnessed multiple royal charters.
2/1182, at Arundel, Reginald de Courtenay attested a royal charter to the Burgesses of Beverley, Yorkshire.
1185-6, Reginald de Curtenai a recipient of a royal grant of a marriage or wardship.
9/14/1186, at Marlborough, Reginald de Curtenay witnessed a royal charter to the Charthusian priory of Witham, Somerset.
8/31/1188, King Henry invades Ivry, France.
9/29/1188, in Normandy, Reginald de Curtenai witnessed a royal charter to Vallemont abbey.
9/3/1189, Richard I succeeded Henry II as King of England.
~1192, Reginald built Norman Hall at Sutton Courtenay. (S) Royal Berkshire History.
9/7/1194, Reginald died; buried at Ford abbey.
5/27/1199, John succeeded Richard I as King of England.
Hawvis de Aincourt, baroness and sheriff of Okehamption. (S) Barony and Town of Okehampton, Wright, 1889, P12.
1210, Hawise de Curtenai accounts for £195 10s. scutage of 92 ¾ fees in Okemanton at 3 marks for each fee. (S) Reports and Transactions, Devonshire, V38, 1906, P353.
1214, Hawise de Curtenai owes 7 ½ marks for the honour of Okemanton.
Hawise died.
8/14/1219, Order to the sheriff of Devon to take into the king’s hand all lands and tenements with their appurtenances in his bailiwick formerly of Hawise de Courtenay, who is dead as the king has heard, and to keep them safely until the king orders otherwise. Witness H. de Burgh, justiciar. (S) FRsHIII.
(S) Collectanea Archaeologica, 1862, PP280-1. (S) Court, Household and Itinerary of King Henry II, Eyton, 1878.
Family notes:
·         Reginald de Courtenay, lord of Okehampton, attested 123 documents of King Henry II, 12th highest of the nobles of the realm. (S) Oxford DNB.
·         Robert d’Avranches, s/o Robert de Abrincis & Matilda Avenell.
·         Matilda de Dol, d/o Geldwin de Dol.
·         Renaud Sire de Courtnay, s/o Miles & Ermengarde, d/o Renaud, Count of Nevers, s/o Josseline Seigneur de Courtenay & Elizabeth, d/o Guy, Seign de Monthlery, s/o Athon, Sire de Courtenay.
·         Robert de Abrincis [d’Avranches, lord of Folkstone], hereditary sheriff [viscount] of Devonshire and baron of Oakhampton.
·         Matilda Avenell, d/o Alice, d/o Adelicia, countess of Devon. (S) History of Tiverton, Harding, 1845, P18.
Child of Reginald and Hawise:
i. Robert de Courtenay (121683712), born ~1175 in England.
Robert’s parentage may be confused with the ancestors of Elizabeth, wife of Peter de Courtenay, s/o King Louis VI. The English and French families are related and use the same family names.

Thursday, July 17, 2014

Bond 134224144 Thomas de Gorges

134224144. Thomas de Gorges &134224145. Joan ?

~1190, Thomas born in Normandy, s/o §Ralph de Gorges & Margaret Foliot.
Aft. 1198, Thomas’ father died.
5/27/1199, John succeeded Richard I as King of England.
1203, Richard de Fontenay rendered an account of his receipts of the Cotentin [Normandy] in the Honour of Cherbourg and of Valognes and of Brix of 140£ which he had received from … the mainpernors of Thomas de Gorges of his fine – 122£ 18s. of his receipts from the Bailiwick of Coutances … (S) Magni rotuli Scaccarii, Stapleton, 1844, P246. [“Gorges” a commune in the arrondissement of Coutances, canton of Periers.]
10/28/1216, Henry III, age 9, succeeded John as King of England.
1230, Pro Thoma de Gorges et aliis militibus reteutis in servicio regis … (S) CPRs. [On behalf of Thomas de Gorges and the other soldiers in the service of the king … The Count of Brittany salutes you. … the liberation of the camp of the proffered to have you do …] (S) CPRs.
1231, Thomas Gorges, Sergeant-at-Arms to King Henry III,  granted the tenancy of Powerstock Castle, the hunting lodge restored by King John. [Thomas had lost his lands in Normandy to France.]
1234, Thomas, lord of Warleigh, died before his mother.
1236, The King gave “a handsome allowance” to one of Joan’s sons, Ralph, and “maintained” the other son, Thomas, at University. [Ralph the elder of the brothers.]
9/28/1236, For Joan, wife of Thomas de Gorges . Order to the king’s escheators to cause Joan, who was the wife of Thomas de Gorges , to have full seisin of the manor of Powerstock , which Thomas held by bail of the king … into the king’s hand by reason of the death of the same Thomas, with all corn, stock and chattels found therein to sustain her for as long as it pleases the king. (S) Fine Rolls of Henry III.
11/29/1236, Licence for Joan late the wife of Thomas de Gorges to go beyond seas to obtain her dower of her husband's lands in Normandy for 2 years. (S) CPRs.
1236-37, Joan sued in Normandy for her dower rights, but it was determined by the court of Rouen that she was heiress in her own right, and that Sir Thomas’ Normandy lands reverted to the French crown. (S) Hist. of the Family Gorges, Brown, 1944, PP5-7.
4/13/1238, To Margaret late the wife of Roger son of Payn. The king has assigned 100 marks a year for having the custody of the lands late of her said husband, to Robert de Monasteriis and his fellows, who were of the household of Thomas de Gorges, for their maintenance on the king's service; and to the use of Joan late the wife of the said Thomas, who takes 5 marks a year out of the said 100 marks with the manor of Purstok which has been assigned to her for the maintenance of her and her children [Ralph and Thomas]. (S) CPRs.
1239, Margaret, d/o Robert Foliot of Warleigh, in Tamerton Foliot, Devon, wife of Sir Ralph de Gorges, died.
1/16/1241, Appointment during pleasure of Bartholomew Peche and Joan de Gorges to the custody of the lands of Ralph de Gorges [Joan’s son] and Ellen his wife. (S) CPRs.
11/14/1266, Grant to Ralph de Gorges, son of Joan de Gorges, to whom the king lately granted the the manor of Porstok for her life, that he shall have it for 5 years from her death in consideration of his expenses in the king’s service in the time of the disturbance in the realm. (S) CPRs.
Aft. 11/1266, Joan died.
Family notes:
Margaret [Thomas’ mother] d/o §Robert Foliot.
1198, Accounts of the Bailiwick of Caen in Normandy, Ralph de Gorges, Robert L’Angevin and William de Morsalines rendered 138£ 13s. 12d. for themselves and their associates for the sale of the forest of Blanqueville, which sum save 13£ 17s. 4d. in tythe to the chaplain of Benouville-en-Caux and 29£ in wages to the same accountants for the custody of the vente of the said forest. (S) Magni Rotuli Scaccarii, Stapleton, 1844, P174.
Children of Thomas and Joan:
i. Ralph de Gorges [I] (67112072), born ~1220 in England.
ii. Thomas de Gorges, born ~1222 in England.

Monday, July 14, 2014

Bond 67112072 Gorges-Morville

67112072. Ralph de Gorges [I] & 67112073. Elena de Morville

10/28/1216, Henry III, age 9, succeeded John as King of England.
~1220, Ralph [I] born in England, s/o 134224144. Thomas de Gorges &134224145. Joan ?.
~1225, Elena born in England, d/o §Eudo de Morville & Isabella ?.
1234, Ralph’s father died.
1236, The King gave “a handsome allowance” to one of Joan’s sons, Ralph, and “maintained” the other son, Thomas, at University.
4/18/1237, Licence for Ralph de Gorges to go beyond seas on his affairs, for one year. (S) CPRs.
Aft. 9/30/1237, The king has granted to Ralph de Gorges the marriage of Helena , one of the daughters and heirs of Eudo de Morville and Isabella, his wife, and has committed to Brother Geoffrey, almoner, and Aymer de St. Amand a moiety of the lands formerly of both Eudo and Isabella to keep to the use of the same Ralph and Helena for as long as it pleases the king. Order to the sheriffs of Somerset, Dorset , Gloucestershire and Hampshire that once the aforesaid lands have been partitioned by those who Brother G. and A. will send to partition them, they are to cause the same Brothers G. and A. to have full seisin of one moiety and Matthew de Columbariis and his wife [Maud], another of the daughters and heirs of the aforesaid Eudo and Isabella, of the other moiety, having retained in the king’s hand that moiety of the land, both of the dower and of the inheritance formerly of the same Isabella , which falls to Matthew and his wife, until the king orders otherwise. (S) CFRs.
1237-38, Thomas of Bayeux carried off the king’s ward Ellen, d/o Ivo of Morville and married her. Thomas was “outlawed”, and coming before the court adjudged as not married because Ellen was an “infant”, and not bound by marriage. Ellen was returned to the custody of Ralph de Gorges.
4/13/1238, To Margaret late the wife of Roger son of Payn. The king has assigned 100 marks a year for having the custody of the lands late of her said husband, to Robert de Monasteriis and his fellows, who were of the household of Thomas de Gorges, for their maintenance on the king's service; and to the use of Joan late the wife of the said Thomas, who takes 5 marks a year out of the said 100 marks with the manor of Purstok which has been assigned to her for the maintenance of her and her children [Ralph and Thomas]. (S) CPRs.
1238, Matthew de Columbars paid a fine for livery of the lands of the inheritance of Isabel, mother of his wife Maud [sister of Elena.] (S) Dormant and Extinct, Banks, V1, 1807, P142.
Ralph married Elena while still a minor. [It appears Elean was with child.]
1/16/1241, Appointment during pleasure of Bartholomew Peche and Joan de Gorges [Ralph’s mother] to the custody of the lands of Ralph de Gorges and Ellen his wife. (S) CPRs.
10/1/1241, Writ of liberate … to pay to Ralph de Gorges … 100s. … and at those terms 10£ a year, for the maintenance of himself, his wife and children, until further order. (S) CPRs.
9/7/1242, at Bordeaux, France. Mandate to W. Cantilupo to assign as soon as possible to Ralph de Gorges 10£. yearly of land in escheats or wards which the king has granted for the maintenance of him and his wife. (S) CPRs.
By 1245, “Rauf de Gorges, roele d’argent et d’azur.” (S) Roll of Arms, Nicolas, 1829, P17. (Another coat of arms in the same list: “Georges, Arg. a whirlpool az”.
4/10/1249, The king has granted to Ralph de Gorges that, of the 10 marks which he owes to Solomon of Marlborough, Jew, he may render … Order to the justices assigned to the custody of the Jews to cause him to have the aforesaid terms. (S) CFRs.
1251, Thomas de Gorges, Robert de l’Espesse, and the King the 3 patrons of the church of Gorges in Normandy; of the fief of Thomas de Gorges. (S) Magni rotuli Scaccarii, Stapleton, 1844, P247.
4/23/1252, Because Ralph de Gorges has not yet received £10 … of his annual fee of £20, which the king granted him … for which the treasurer and chamberlains received a writ of liberate, … William de Guuyz has delivered 10 marks to the same Ralph upon his aforesaid fee …. By the king. (S) CFRs.
9/6/1252, Ralph, with King Henry and Queen Eleanor, arrived at Wark castle, Scotland on a visit to see their 12-year-old daughter Queen Margaret [who King Henry believed was being mistreated]. Margaret entrusted Ralph with a letter to her mother Queen Eleanor. Ralph delivered the letter and was rewarded with a gift of 20 shillings.
5/30/1253, Protection for the following going with the king to Gascony, … Ralph de Gorges, knight … (S) CPRs.
10/23/1253, King Henry’s army in camp at Benauge, France [east of Bordeaux].
12/28/1253, King Henry’s army in camp at Bazas, France [southeast of Bordeaux].
3/19/1254, King Henry’s army in camp at Meilhan, France [south of Bordeaux, near the Spanish border].
8/12/1254, Henry’s retinue in camp at Bordeaux, France.
9/10/1254, at Bordeaux, France. Charter granting to Ralph de Gorges and his heirs free warren in his demesne lands which he has at present in Dorset. (S) CPRs.
11/20/1254, Henry’s retinue in camp at Orleans, France.
1/1255, King Henry returned his forces to England.
8/12/1255 at York, Exemption, for life, of Ralph de Gorges from being put on assizes, juries or recognitions. (S) CPRs.
1256, Elena’s brother John died. The manor of Knighton passed to Ralf de Gorges though his marriage to Elena, who possessed the manor in her right, and “received the homage of his tenants at Bradpole, in Dorsetshire.” (S) Hist. Topo. And Antiquities of the Isle of Wight, Adams, 1856, P111. [Elena’s father was Eudo/Ivo as shown by previous records and was deceased when she was an infant. The “John de Morville”, deceased, must be her brother …, not her father.]
1256-57, Ralph summoned to march against the Welch.
1/20/1257,  Exemption, at the instance of Ralph de Gorges, king’s yeoman, of Herbert de Spineto from being put on assizes … (S) CPRs.
1258, Henry of Bratton appointed to hear assizes in which Ralph de Gorges was concerned. (S) Bracton’s Note Book, V1, 2010, P100.
10/28/1259, Of those who are  crossing with the king to France and have protection, with clause, so long as they are in his service in these parts … Ralph de Gorges … (S) CPRs.
1260, Ralph de Gorges summoned to service in Wales. (S) Extinct and Dormant, Burke, 1841, P222.
1/4/1261, Hugh de Trubleville of Cornwall gives 1 mark for having a writ of record at the Bench. He is to pay that mark in the king’s Wardrobe … by the pledge of Ralph de Gorges, the king’s valet. (S) FRsHIII.
3/25/1261, at the Tower of London, Grant to Maurice de Berkele of 40 marks a year at the Exchequer … The like to the following in like terms of the following yearly fees … Ralph de Gorges, 20£. (S) CPRs.
1261, William de Berkeley alienated three of the manors of his wife, Avice de Blackford, to Ralph de Gorges, intending to deprive young John de Blackford of his inheritance. (S) UKNA.
12/1261, Ralph de Gorges gives one mark for a writ ad terminum. Order to the sheriff of Devon. (S) FRsHIII.
7/12/1262, Grant to Ralph de Gorges of 40 marks a year at the Exchequer, until the king provide for him more bountifully in wards or escheats. (S) CPRs.
4/12/1263, Simon de Montfort returned to England to lead a rebellion of young barons. The French relatives of Queen Eleanor, the primary target of the rebellion, secretly returned to France.
6/15/1263, Commitment, during pleasure, to Ralph de Gorges of the castle of Schyreburn. Mandate to Philip Basset to deliver it to him. (S) CPRs.
1263, Ralph with King Henry III at Bristol, from which the king and queen left for France. [Ralph apprently accompanied them.]
9/23/1263, King Henry and Queen Eleanor were in Boulogne, France at the request of King Louis. [King Henry returned to England without the Queen.]
12/18/1263, Ralph de Gorges witnessed a grant by the king to Roger de Mortuo Mari. (S) CPRs.
1/1/1264, Protection with clause … Ralph de Gorges, … going with the king beyond the seas … (S) CPRs.
1262, Henry of Bratton appointed to hear assizes in which Ralph de Gorges was concerned. (S) Bracton’s Note Book, V1, 2010, P100.
3/20/1264, Mandate to the knights and freemen of the counties of Somerset and Dorset … to come with horses and arms and their whole posse to Oxford by Mid Lent to give their counsel and aid, and the king will pay their expenses … R. de Gorges with the sheriff … to induce and if necessary compel them by every means to come. (S) CPRs.
5/14/1264, King Henry, son Richard, and son lord Edward, and Henry of Almain captured by Gilbert de Clare at the battle of Lewes, “at the Mill of the Hide”. An estimated 2700 died.
1264-65, Simon de Montfort effectively ruled England.
8/7/1264, Simple protection, without clause, until Michaelmas, for Ralph de Gorges, king’s yeoman. (S) CPRs.
10/22/1264, Protection until the Purification for Ralph de Gorges. (S) CPRs.
5/28/1265, Lord Edward escaped captivity.
6/11/1265, Simple protection until Michaelmas … Ralph de Gorges … (S) CPRs.
8/4/1265, Lord Edward [future Edward I] defeated Simon de Montfort at the battle of Evesham in Worcestershire, freeing his father, who had been accidentally wounded.
8/18/1265, Simple protection until the Nativity of the Blessed Mary … Ralph de Gorges … (S) CPRs.
9/1265, Ralph de Gorges appointed High Sheriff for Devon.
11/21/1265, The king has committed custody of the castle of Exeter with appurtenances to Ralph de Gorges for as long as it pleases the king, such that concerning the issues etc. (S) Fine Rolls of Henry III.
1266, Ralph [I], lord of Litton, Dorset [a fief of 3 knights held of the Honour of Chewton], died holding Poorstock for his life. (S) Magni Rotuli Scaccarii, Stapleton, 1844, P247.
8/12/1272, Mandate to Matthew de Columbariis [Ela’s brother-in-law] and Ela late the wife of Ralph de Gorges to deliver the son and heir of Thomas Maudut, who held in chief, … (S) CPRs.
8/18/1272, Because the executors of the testament of Ralph de Gorges have done surety to the king by Elena de Gorges, Ralph de Gorges de Abuere, William de Dun and Walter de Rumbrig' for rendering the debts, if any, which the aforementioned Ralph de Gorges deceased owed to the king on the day he died, … permit the aforesaid executors to have free administration … (S) CFRs.
8/29/1272, Because the executors of Ralph de Gorges have made security to the King by Eleana de Gorges, … for the debts if any, the aforesaid Ralph de Gorges deceased owed to the King in the day which he died … executors of the said will touching the goods taken into the King's hands … to have free administration and to make execution of the same will.
Aft. 1272, Ellen de Gorges requests that the debt of £19 13s 4d owed to her husband by the king for the arrears of his wages for service in Gascony and for a horse lost in the king's service, be deducted from the sum of £22 demanded by the Exchequer for the arrears due from his term as sheriff of Devon. (S) UKNA.
Child of Ralph and Elena
i. Ralph de Gorges [II] (33556036), born 1241 in England.

Sunday, July 13, 2014

Bond 67112064 Russell-Bardulf

67112064. John Russel & 67112065. Rohesia Bardulf

John born in England, s/o §Odo Russell. (S) Genealogical and Family History of Northern NY, V2, Cutter, 1910, P714.
~1175, Rohesian born in England, d/o 486764288. Doun Bardolf & 486764289. Beatrice de Warren.
1186, On the death of Aaron the Jew of Lincoln, John’s debt [possibly accrued by his father] to Aaron became a debt to the crown.
9/3/1189, Richard I succeeded Henry II as King of England.
Rohesia Bardolf 1st married Henry de la Pomerai [his 2nd marriage.]
1195-6, Henry de la Pomerai died.
1197-8, King Richard defeated Philip II near Gisors, 20 miles northwest of Paris.
1199, John,  recently knighted, a sergeant in the household of King Richard I.
3/26/1199, King Richard mortally wounded at Chalus-Chabrol by a crossbowman shooting from the castle tower.
John married Rohesia.
5/27/1199, John succeeded Richard I as King of England.
1199, John a sergeant in the household of King John.
8/18/1199, King John allied his French barons against France by the Treaty of Chateau Gaillard. (S) Studies in Peerage, Round, 1901, P177.
1200, John Russell of Kingston Russell, Dorset, claimed lands in Upoteri Ascumbe and Stockleigh, co. Devon, in right of his wife against Henry De la Pomerai.
5/1200, King John signed a peace treaty with King Philip II of France, which required the payment of 20,000 marks.
1200, Sir John rendered his account for his debt to Aaron of £12 14s. 8d., and paid into the Exchequer on account the sum of 20s; given respite for the rest of the debt.
1201, King John seized the country of La Marche on behalf of his new Queen Isabella; attacking Lusignan castles in Aquitane.
1201-2, John Russell gave 50 marks for licence to marry Rohesia [actually a fine for marrying without licence], the sister of Doun Bardolf. [Rohesia sometimes given as d/o Thomas Bardulf (brother of Doun) & Adela Corbet. This Thomas died without heirs in 1198, his brother Doun paying 500£ for his lands.]
8/1/1202, John rescued his mother trapped in Mirebeau castle in Anjou, France. She was beseiged by his cousin Arthur, who John’s brother Richard had designated as his heir.
5/1205, John summoned by the king with ‘horses and arms.” [Ranulph, Earl of Chester, who was aligned with Gwenwynwyn of Powys in Wales, who was engaged in war against William de Broase. King John forced a peace agreement.]
1207-08, Sir John rendered his account for £5 12s. 8d.; and paid 6 marks on the debt; receiving a writ for quittance for the remainder. John also paid 8 ½ marks, leaving a balance of 5 marks, on the debt he owed for the marriage to Rohesia.
6/6/1210, Sir John with King John as he launched successful attacks in Ireland. [King John launched 700 ships in the attack, and used 10 knights as personal bodyguards in this campaign.]
1211, Dorset. “John Russell holds Kingston for half a hide of land from the Lord King from the time of William the Bastardsometime King of England through the serjeanty of being marshall of the king's buttery at Christmas and at Pentecost.”
1211 in Wales, King John defeated Llywelyn ap Iorwerth.
1211 Russell acquired the manor of Little Bedwyn, newly subinfeudated from the royal manor of Bedwyn, Wiltshire.
7/10/1212, A great fire swept through London, on the south side of the river, killing about 3000.
9/1212, John in military service. Llywely ap Iorwerth recovered the lands lost to King John in Wales. During the Welsh rebellion, King John hanged 28 Welsh hostages, including a 7-year-old boy.
1213, John awarded the advowson of Puleham church in Dorset.
1213-14, Sir John summoned for military service.
1214, John and Rohesia his wife claimed [Rohesia in dower as widow of Henry de la Pomerai] to present to the church of Stockleigh against the abbot of Valle.
6/19/1215 at Runnymede near Windsor, King John forced to agree to the terms of the Magna Carta.
5/12/1216, Prince Louis [future VIII] of France, after a successful landing, crowned King of England in London. In June, Louis captured Winchester and controlled half of England.
10/28/1216, Henry III, age 9, succeeded John [on his death] as King of England.
1/13/1217, John Russell and Henry de Cornhill, king’s stewards, to William Marshal, earl of Pembroke: certificate of Homage [to King Henry] of Ralph de Bolebec. (S) UKNA.
1217, Sir John received a summons for 1 knight’s service [of 115 total] to muster at Newark castle for the siege of Lincoln.
5/20/1217, William Marshall defeated Prince Louis’ forces at Lincoln.
9/12/1217, For 10,000 marks and some land exchanges, Prince Louis forfeited his claim to the English crown.
1217-22, John Russell, steward to Ralph de Neville, chancellor: on behalf of William Urnaven, bearer; the respite of payment for an inquest. (S) UKNA.
Bef. 1218, The marriages of Hawyse and her older sister Isabel granted to John Russell of Kingston Russel. John married Isabel to his heir Ralph. John Russel sold the marriage of Hawise to John de Botreaux.
1218, King Henry III commands his chamberlain to give to 5 of the king’s knights, including John Russell, “5 robes of green or burnet, namely a tunic and mantle with supertunics of fine linen.” (S) CCRs.
5/17/1220, King Henry formally crowned at Westminster abbey by archbishop Stephen Langton.
6/15/1220 at York, King Henry III and King Alexander II of Scotland entered into a peace treaty … witnessed by [many including] ‘Johannes Russel … sworn themselves to enforce in good faith this same matter which the archbishop and bishops have promised in a word of truth …’
9/1220, John sent to La Rochell, Normandy, to receive King Henry’s sister Joan, who was being held by Hugh X de Lusignan [who had been bethrothed to now Queen Isabel of England before King John married her; and who was bethrothed to Joan by King John; but was now married to widow Queen Isabel; while holding Joan as hostage for the dower rights of the Queen.]
10/6/1220, It is commanded of Hugh de Lusignan that he should come to the Lord King in England and that he should bring with him the sister [Joan] of the Lord King and if he is unable to bring her with him then he should release her in the town of La Rochelle to John Russell, Ralph Gernun and Godfrey de Craucumb, or to two of those if the same three are not present at the same time. (S) CPRs.
11/1220, John Russell, steward, to Henry III and his councillors: a meeting with the count of La Marche; the king’s sister has been handed over at La Rochelle. (S) UKNA.
1221, Sir John Russell in custody of Corfe castle.
8/1/1221, Pledges of Robert de Muscegros for rendering 100 m. at Michaelmas in the fifth year: John Russell, 20 m. Richard de Muscegros, father of the same Robert, 20 m. … Richard de Muscegros, the first-born of the same Robert, 20 m. Richard de Muscegros junior, 20 m. (S) FRsHIII.
12/30/1223, The household knights, John Russell and Ralph Gernun, surrendered the castles of Sherbourn and Corfe, and the sheriffdoms of Somerset and Dorset. (S) Minority of Henry II, Carpenter, 1990, P327.
1223-24, Sir John Russell sheriff of Somerset.
1224, Sir John Russell in custody of Corfe and Sherborne castles in place of Peter de Mauley.
5/1224, John Russell with Godfrey of Crowcombe, Ralph Gernun, and 10 Poitevins left England for Poitou.
1224, King Louis captured southern Poitou, Perigord, Quercy, and Limousin from the English.
1224, John died.
1224, Rohesia, widow of John, obtained a royal licence to marry whomsoever she pleased faithful to the crown.
(S) Historical Memoirs of the House of Russel, Wiffen, 1833. (S) Household Knights of King John, Church, 1999, P134ff.
Family notes:
Henry de la Pomerai the 2nd gave land to the Priory of St. Nicholas at Exeter, “Rohesia matre mea,” and “Joscelin, fratre meo,” being the witnesses.
Child of William and Eve:
i. Ralph Russel (33556032), born 1204 in Cornwall, England.
1257, Touching escheats, … Richard de Sancta Mora holds one knight’s fee in la Rade of Ralph Russell, which was formerly an escheat of the Norman lands. … King John gave that land to John Russell, Ralph’s father. (S) Somerset Pleas, 1897, P287.

Saturday, July 12, 2014

Bond 33556036 Sir Ralph de Gorges [II]

33556036. Sir Ralph de Gorges [II] & 33556037. Elena ?

10/28/1216, Henry III, age 9, succeeded John as King of England.
1241, Ralph [II] born in England, s/o 67112072. Ralph de Gorges [I] & 67112073. Elena de Morville.
1266, Ralph’s father died.
11/14/1266, Grant to Ralph de Gorges, [grand]son of Joan de Gorges, to whom the king lately granted the the manor of Porstok for her life, that he shall have it for 5 years from her death in consideration of his expenses in the king’s service in the time of the disturbance in the realm. (S) CPRs.
9/2/1267, Ralph de Gorges [with many others], at the request of Isabel de Fortibus, countess of Albemarle and Lady of the Isle, appointed to defend the Isle of Wight. (S) CPRs.
10/18/1267, Comfirmation of a grant by Master Elias son of Mosseus, Jew of London, to Ralph de Gorges of a yearly fee of 24£ which James de Cumba owed to the said Elias. (S) CPRs.
11/7/1267, Ralph de Gorges and others returned the Isle of Wight to Isabel Fortibus.
11/23/1267, The county of Devon and castle of Exeter were committed to William de Bykeley. Order to Ralph de Gorges to deliver the aforesaid county and castle to the same William. (S) Fine Rolls of Henry III.
6/1/1268, Exemption for life, at the instance of Ralph de Gorges, of William de Clauvill from being put on assizes … (S) CPRs.
4/6/1269, Letters patent … Edward, the king’s eldest son, William de Valence, Philip Basset, Alan la Zusche [500 marks], Robert Aguilon, Matthew de Columbers, John de Curtenay and Ralph de Gorges have undertaken for Eleanor, queen of England, to pay Lady Isabel de Forz, countess of Aumale, 1000£ of half the marriage of Avelina her daughter, heir to William de Forz, … (S) CChRs, 5/7/1269.
9/1269, Ralph de Gorges witnessed a convenant between the prior of St. Michael, Winterbourn Monkton, and Adam de Stratton. (S) CPRs.
6/28/1270, Protection with clause volumus, for 4 years, for the following crusaders, going with the king and with Edward the king’s son to the Holy Land … Ralph de Gorges … (S) CPRs.
4-8/1272, Ralph de Gorges [II] died. [Assumed on crusade.]
8/19/1274, Edward I succeeded Henry III as King of England.
11/1280-11/1281, Exchequer of Receipt: Issue Rolls. Elen de Gorges. Records of the Exchequer, and its related bodies, with those of the Office of First Fruits and Tenths, and the Court of Augmentations. (S) UKNA.
2/5/1291, Grant to John son of Elena de Gorges, for the services of the said Elena to the king and late queen in the custody of their children, of a suitable marriage when one falls in. (S) CPRs.
11/1291-11/1292, Elena de Gorges died with holdings in Isle of Wight and Dorset. (S) UKNA, IPM.
 (S) Collections for a Parochial History of Wraxall, Master, 1900, P10ff.
Children of Ralph and Elena:
i. Ralph de Gorges [III] (16778018), born ~1268 in England.
ii. John de Gorges, born ~1270 in England.
2/5/1291, Grant to John son of Elena de Gorges, for the services of the said Elena to the king and late queen in the custody of their children, of a suitable marriage when one falls in. (S) CPRs.
12/28/1296–2/4/12197, John Gorges served in Gascony.
iii. Eleanor de Gorges (11821017), born ~1272 in England.
Family notes:
(Unkown relationships that do not fit with the timeline. The records chronologically before and after this Ralph [II] fit fairly well, and have some document support for the wives’ names; but there too many wives named ‘Elena/Eleanor/Ellen’ and too many Ralph’s contemporary to Ralph [II].)
7/14/1270, Grant to Ralph de Gorges, the elder, king's yeoman, and his heirs, of a weekly market on Monday at his manor of Tamerton, co. Devon, and of a yearly fair there on the vigil, the feast and the morrow of St. Denis. (S) CChRs. (Tamerton, co. Devon is connected; but Ralph [II] could not be old enough to have a grown son – see next 2 records.)
8/14/1271, Grant to Ralph de Gorges, king's yeoman, who is going on his own business beyond the seas that Ralph his son, whom he has put in his place, shall be admitted as his attorney for one year. (S) CPRs.
4/8/1272, Grant to Ralph de Gorges, king's yeoman, who is going beyond seas for his business, that Ralph de Gorges, his son, and Robert de la Veye, … shall be admitted as his attorneys. (S) CPRs.
11/1289-11/1290, a “Ralph de Gorges” of Dorset, Berkshire, and Oxfordshire died. (S) UKNA.
Contemporary records [1307, 1310, 1311] a “Sir Ralph de Gorges” of Northamptionshire with a brother “John de Gorges” also of Northamptonshire, both sons of “Ralph de Gorges.”

Wednesday, July 9, 2014

Bond 33556032 Russel-Newmarch

33556032. Sir Ralph Russel & 33556033. Isabel de Newmarch

5/27/1199, John succeeded Richard I as King of England.
1204, Ralph born in England, s/o 67112064. John Russel & 67112065. Rohesia Bardulf. (S) Devonshire Parishes, Worthy, 1887, P261.
~1208, born in Cadbury, Somerset, England, d/o 121685158. James de Newmarch & 9994917. Matilda ?.
By 1215, Isabel’s father died [her mother remarried.]
10/28/1216, Henry III, age 9, succeeded John as King of England.
1219, Ralph married to Isabel. (S) FMG. [“Ysabella et Matildis filie Jacobi de Novo Mercato … Radulfus Russel et Johannes de Boterall habent ea” holding land “Kaddelberi et Maperton” in Somerset.]
1224, Ralph took livery of his wife’s paternal inheritance in Somerset, Wilts and Dorset. (S) Hist. of the Antiquities of Somerset, Collinson, 1791, P372.
1225, Order to the sheriff of Dorset to arrest Ralph Russell and take his lands until the king orders otherwise. (S) CFRs.
2/4/1228, Liberate … going on the king’s message to Ralph Russel and John de Boterellis, 12d. … (S) CLibRs.
1229, Ralph Russell a confirmand of the inspeximus of a charter of Maurice of Gaunt, made at Bristol the previous year. (S) Early Hist. of the Church of Wells, Church, 1894, P216.
9/5/1231, Order to the sheriff of Somerset and Dorset to place in respite, …, the demand he makes by summons of the Exchequer from Ralph Russell for the scutage of Kerry, which he says he had previously rendered, …, and the demand of £15 which he ought not to render, as he says, …, so that he does not distrain him in the meantime for the aforesaid debts. (S) FRsHIII.
1235-36, Ralph holding more than 8 fees with the daughter of James de Newmarch. (S) Transactions of Bristol and Gloucestershire, V13, 1888-89. [Her sister Hawyse’s husband held the same number of fees of their father.]
1238, Ralph owed a considerable sum in scutages.
1242, Ralph 1 of 50 barons summoned to on the occasion of the war with France to attend the king with horses and arms and a suitable retinue on an expedition to Poictou.
5/20/1242, Hugh X de Lusignan and his step-son King Henry III with his brother Richard arrived at Royen, France with a small contingent; but with 30 tons of gold. They were soon joined by French nobles with Hugh as their leader against the forces of the Count of Poitou and King Louis IX.
7/1242, The 2 armies met at the battles of Taillebourgh and Saintes, with the superior sized French force winning.
9/27/1242, King Henry returned to England arriving at Portsmouth.
1245, “Radulfus Russell’ optulit se quarto die versus Beatriciam de Furneus de placito quod permitt …” (S) Curia Regis Rollls, Brand, 1999, P363.
1248, Sir Ralph had respite for scutage for lands of the honour of James de Newmarch.
7/3/1252, Ralph granted the privilege of hunting the hare, wild cat and fox in the royal forests in Dorset, Wilts and Somerset. (S) CPRs.
7/11/1253, Dorset. Ralph Russel and Dionisia [Isabel] his wife give the king one mark for a writ ad terminum. Order to the sheriff of Dorset to take etc. (S) FRsHIII.
5/29/1257, Inquisition of William Fukerham … Glouceser … Henton, half a knight’s fee held of Sir Ralph Russel by knight’s service. (S) Henry III, GBPRO, 1904, P104.
1257, Touching escheats, … Richard de Sancta Mora holds one knight’s fee in la Rade of Ralph Russell, which was formerly an escheat of the Norman lands. … King John gave that land to John Russell, Ralph’s father. (S) Somerset Pleas, 1897, P287.
1257, Somerset. Ralph Russel put in his place Henry son of Walter against William de Capello and Isabella his mother on a plea of warranty of charter … (S) Somerset Pleas, Landon, 1897, P150.
1259, Ralph on an expedition with Lord Edward against the Welsh prince Llywelyn ap Gruffydd.
7/9/1261, Appointment during pleasure … Ralph Russel, Wilts with the castle of Salisbury; mandate to Matthew de Columbariis to deliver the county. (S) CPRs.
3/8/1262, Ralph Russel has letters patent for keeping the county of Wiltshire with the castle of Salisbury until the abovesaid feast, … (S) FRsHIII.
4/12/1263, Simon de Montfort returned to England to lead a rebellion of young barons. The French relatives of Queen Eleanor, the primary target of the rebellion, secretly returned to France.
6/17/1263, Promise to Ralph Russell, to whom the king has committed the castle of Old Sarum, which be reason of the disturbance of the realm, he has to munition, that the king will allow reasonable costs in so doing. (S) CPRs.
6/18/1263, The king has committed his manor of Gillingham to his beloved and faithful Ralph Russel to keep with appurtenances for as long as it pleases the king. (S) FRsHIII.
Bef. 11/26/1263, Ralph appointed sheriff of Wiltshire. (S) CChRs.
1263, Sir Ralph Russell to King Henry the Third: “To his most excellent lord, Henry, by the grace of God King of England, Lord of Ireland, and Duke of Aquitaine, Ralph Russell, his ever-faithful servant, wishes health and constant reliance on his entire fidelity. I apprise your most noble and serene Excellency, that, as I am given to understand, certain of your barons and rebels purpose shortly to march upon your camp at Sarum [Salisbury], with a great multitude of men-at-arms ; and as I find but a very few who, for your royal bounty, will interest themselves in its fortification, I entreat your Grace, if it seems good, to send me some assistance, that I may safely keep and defend the same against them ; and thus I bid your serene Excellency farewell ever in the Lord!” (S) UKNA.
4/2/1264, By reason of the present disturbance in the realm, … castle of Salisbury be munitioned … free men of the county of Wilts, requesting them to be intendant to Ralph Russel, the sheriff of the county, in all things pertaining to the munition of the castle … (S) CPRs.
5/14/1264, King Henry, son Richard, and son lord Edward, and Henry of Almain captured by Gilbert de Clare at the battle of Lewes, “at the Mill of the Hide”. An estimated 2700 died.
1264-65, Simon de Montfort effectively ruled England.
6/5/1264,  Protection without clause until Michaelmas for Ralph Russel. (S) CPRs.
1264, Ralph Russel, sheriff of Wilts, headed an inquisition about the manor of Poulton. (S) CPRs.
12/19/1264, Commitment to John de Mucegos of the castle of Salisbury … Mandate to Ralph Russell, constable of the said castle, to deliver it to him. (S) CPRs.
5/28/1265, Lord Edward escaped captivity.
5/31/1265, Commitment to Walter de Dunstable of the castle of Salisbury, John de Muscegros, Ralph Russel and Ralph de Aungers to deliver it. (S) CPRs.
8/4/1265, Lord Edward [future Edward I] defeated Simon de Montfort at the battle of Evesham in Worcestershire, freeing his father, who had been accidentally wounded.
1265, Ralph owed ‘de claro’ 30£ at Mid-lent.
12/23/1265, Simple protection until Midsummer for Ralph Russel. (S) CPRs.
1267, Ralph given the “apparitorship” of Dorset for life.
11/23/1267, In the same manner the counties of Somerset and Dorset were committed to Andrew Wake. Order to Ralph Russel to deliver those counties to the same Andrew. (S) FRsHIII.
1269, A charter whereby Henry de Novo Burgo, with the assent of his wife and heirs, granted to the church of St. Peter, Abbodesbury, … witnesses, Sir Ralph Russel, Sir Andrew Wake … (S) CChRs.
5/23/1271, … to Ralph Russel, formerly sheriff of Somerset and Dorset, 7£ for 30 quarters of wheat lately bought and delivered to the wife of Bartholomew Bygot for her maintenance of the king's gift. (S) CLibRs.
5/4/1273, Order to deliver the manor of Derham to Ralph Russell, together with everything received therefrom … Ralph gave his said manor to Robert Waleraund with Matilda his daughter, whom Robert married, to hold to Robert and the heirs of their bodies, with reversion to Ralph in default of such heirs, and that Robert died without an heir of his body, wherefore the manor ought to revert to Ralph. (S) CCRs.
8/19/1274, Edward I succeeded Henry III as King of England.
2/11/1275, Writ of plenius certiorari, on the complaint of Ralph Russel, that the escheator had taken into the king’s hand the manor of Derham, … (S) Henry III, V1, 1906, P7.
2/6/1276, Ralph granted the privilege, for life, of hunting the hare, wild cat and fox in the royal forests in Dorset, Wilts and Somerset. (S) CPRs.
1278, Son William enfeoffed by Ralph in the manor of Kingston-Russell, held of the king by service of acting as cupbearer on stated occasions.
1279, Ralph received the king’s precept to be ready to accompany him into Wales. [Infirm, Ralph sent his son James to do his service.]
By 1280, Ralph died.
(S) Historical Memoires of the House of Russell, V1, Wiffen, 1833, P112ff.
Children of Ralph and Isabel:
i. James Russell, born ? in England.
Sir James married Eleanor, d/o Sir John Tilly.
7/1/1277, James served in place of his father with the Earl Marshall, going into Wales, for the service of 1 knights’ fee for a moiety of the barony of Newmarch.
1279, James again served in place of his father.
Bef. 2/13/1281, James died; his son Ralph his heir, a minor [died 1295, no children, his uncle Robert his heir.] (S) CPRs.
ii. Maud Russel, born ? in England.
5/1264, Sir John de Bassingbourne, Sir Robert Tipetot, Sir John de Mussegros, Sir Pain de Chawurthe, and Sir Robert Walronde in the castle of Bristol, hearing from the Queen that Lord Edward was a prisoner at Wallingford, left Bristol with 300 horsemen on a Friday as the sun rose. They were unsuccessful in capturing the castle, and Lord Edward, from the walls of the castle, commanded them to return to Bristol. (S) Bristol Past and Present, V1, Nicholls, 1881, P135.
Lady Maud married Robert Walrond, receiving the manor of Derham in Gloucestershire at her marriage.
1272-3, Robert died before her father. [No children.]
1288, Matilda died; her heir nephew Ralph, s/o James.
iii. Robert Russell, born ? in England.
7/1/1277, Robert attened the expedition into Wales.
3/1/1296, Robert served with the king against the Scots.
1296-97, Robert died; his brother William his heir.
iv. William Russel (16778016), born 1257 in England.

Tuesday, July 8, 2014

Bond 33555968 Grenvile-Trewent

33555968. Richard de Grenvile & 33555969. Jane Trewent

5/27/1199, John succeeded Richard I as King of England.
~1210, Richard born in England, s/o §Sir Richard Grenvile & Gundreda ?.
~1215, Jane born in Blisland, hundred if Trigg Minor, England, d/o §William Trewent.
10/28/1216, Henry III succeeded John as King of England.
~1217, Richard’s father died; Richard a minor in wardship of the king, [who granted custody to Ralph Bloet.]
7/14/1232,  Somerset. The abbot of Tewkesbury is amerced at 40s. before Jordan Oliver and his associates, justices assigned to take the assize of darrein presentment between him and Richard de Greinville concerning the church of Budef’. (S) FRsHIII.
7/26/1236, Fines and amercements before W. Raleigh . Devon. From Richard de Greinville , for placing his plea before the king (coram Rege), 15 m. (S) FRsHIII.
1238, Richard knighted.
6/11/1238, Richard compromised the long controversy between his family and the Abbot of Tewkesbury at court in Cornwall at Launceston, in the presence of Richard, earl of Cornwall, the king’s brother. The abbot and monastery quitted their claims; Sir Richard granted them 5 marks yearly as long as he lived, to be received of Roger de Founteney; and on his decease they were to get his lands in Campden, Gloucestershire.
Bef. 1240, “Let all men … I Richard the son of Richard de Grenvile, have granted and confirmed, … the writing of Richard de Grenvile, my grandfather, made to the burgesses of Bideford …” Sealed: “Sigil Ric De Granvile”. [Charter of liberties granted in 1206-7.]
2/1/1241, Gloucestershire. Richard de Greinville , 40 m., for disseisin. (S) FRsHIII.
6/1241, Richard died “ Junii obiit Richardus de Greynvill et sepultus est in capitulo Sancti Jacobi Bristollis”.
Jane brought forth her writ of Dower to have her lands in Campden restored to her [which had been promised to monastery at Tewkesbury] and won the petition.
(S) History of the Granville Family, Granville, 1895, P34ff.
Family notes:
1204, Richard de Grenvile’s father died; his mother Gundreda surviving.
4/27/1205, Richard under age; given in wardship to Richard Fleminge for 600 marks and 6 palfreys. “Johannes Dei gratia … Ricardo Fleming custodiam terrarum et haeredum Richardi de Greinville, … et maritageo Gundredae uxoris praedicti Ricardi. …”
1206-7, Richard paid 5 marks to have the privileges of the inhabitants of Bideford equalised with those of Exeter.
Sir Richard Grenvile married his father’s ward, d/o Thomas fitz Nicholas of Middleton.
1210, Sir Richard Grenvile held 3 knights’ fees and a half in Devon and Cornwall of the honour of Gloucester.
1211, Sir Richard Grenvile held 3 knights’ fees and a half in Devon and Cornwall of the honour of Gloucester.
Children of Richard and Jane:
i. Richard de Greynvyle, born ~1234 in England.
Richard married Catherine, d/o Josceline, of Mount Tregiminion.
1256, Bartholomew’s older brother Richard summoned to become a knight.
ii. Bartholomew de Grenvile (16777984), born ~1236 in England.
iii. Robert de Greynvyle, born ~1238 in England.
iv. Walter de Greynvyle, born ~1240 in England.

Monday, July 7, 2014

Bond 16778024 Beauchamp-Oliver

16778024. Sir Humphrey de Beauchamp & 16778025. Sybil Oliver

~1255, Humphrey born in England, s/o 243367952. Robert de Beauchamp & 243367953. Alice de Mohun. (S) Notes & Queries, 1907, P471.
1263, Humphrey’s father died; his mother surviving; his brother John the heir.
~1267, Sybil born in Wambrook, Somerset, England, d/o §Walter Oliver.
8/19/1274, Edward I succeeded Henry III as King of England.
3/27/1274, Humphrey de Bello Campo given protection to join the retinue of John son of John on an embassage of the king beyond seas. (S) CPRs.
1278-79, Wambrook and Lunleye, Dorset. Appointment of Solomon de Rochester … to take assise of novel disseisin arraigned by Henry de Lacy, earl of Lincoln, against Sibyl, daughter of Walter Olyver … tenement in. (S) 47th Annual Report, 1886, P313.
1279-80, Humphrey married Sibyl.
1280, Wambrook, Dorset. Appointment of Solomon de Rochester … to take assise of novel disseisin arraigned by Humphrey de Beauchamp and Sibyl his wife against Henry de Lacy, earl of Lincoln, … touching tenenment. (S) 47th Annual Report, 1886, P379.
10/24/1283, Humphrey’s older brother John died; John’s son John his heir.
12/25/1285 at Exeter, Protection, with clause volumus, until Michaelmas, for Humphrey de Bello Campo, going beyond seas. Safe conduct, for one year. (S) CPRs.
1287-90, Sibyl divorced Humphrey.
By 1292, Sibyl married 2nd John de Aldham.
By 1292, Humphrey married Alice ?.
1293,  Cecily, widow of John Beauchamp, Lord Beauchamp of Hatch, whose husband had acted as trustee for his brother Humphrey, unsuccessfully claimed dower in the Wambrook estate.
1296, Humphrey de Beauchamp did praisworthy service against the Scots.
3/30/1296, Edward captured Berwick-upon-Tweed, an important Scottish port of northeast England, sacked the town and massacred thousands of its inhabitants.
4/27/1296, Edward invaded Scotland with a force of 25,000 and won the battle of Dunbar against the forces of John Comyn and his son.
6/14/1296, Edward captured Stirling castle, and then Edinburgh castle in an 8 day seige..
1297, The English nobles rebelled, forcing King Edward to grant Parliament control over taxes.
3/15/1298, Humphrey de Beauchamp, lord of Ryme, granted a weekly market and an annual fair to be held at the manor of Ryme Intrinseca. (S) Gazetteer Of Markets And Fairs.
5/14/1299, Confirmation of a sale made by Walter de Gloucestre, escheator this side of Trent, in pursuance of a power to him to sell wardships and marriages … to Humphrey de Bello Campo, knight, for 20£, of the marriage of Idonia, daughter and heir of William de Insula, tenant in chief. (S) CPRs.
2/12/1301, Debtor: Humphrey de Beauchamp, knight, of Devon [held Womberford, Halberton Hundred and Teignharvey, Wonford hundred, Devon] … Amount: 55m. (S) UKNA.
10/18/1303,  Grant to Humphrey de Bello Campo, by reason of his service in Scotland, of the custody, during the minority of Amidonia the daughter and heir of the lands in the Isle of Wight, late of William de Insula, tenant in chief. (S) CPRs. [Idonea would marry Humphrey’s son Hugh.]
1306 Sibyl Oliver granted the advowson and the reversion of the manor of Wambrook to John de Hertrugge and Nichole his wife, with a reservation for life to Sibyl’s son William.
2/25/1308, Edward II succeeded Edward I as King of England.
1308, John de Hertrugge and Nichole secured a quitclaim of the manor of Wambrook from Humphrey de Beauchamp.
10/26/1309, Debtor: Roger de Novaunt, knight, of Devon. reditor: Sir Humphrey de Beauchamp [held Womberford, Halberton Hundred, and Teignharvey, Wonford Hundred, Devon]. Amount 100m. (S) UKNA.
8/27/1312, Humphrey de Bello Campo to grant a messuage and land in Oburnford to John son of Humphrey de Bello Campo and Joan his wife, retaining land in Buckerell. Devon. (S) CPRs.
1313, Humphrey de Beauchamp a member of parliament for Devon.
1316-17, Humphrey died holding the manors of Ryme, co. Dorset; Wambrook, Co. Somerset; Woburnford, Oulescombe, Teinghervy, and Buckerell, Co. Devon; and Lanescot and Lanlowarne, Co. Cornwall.
7/1317-7/1318, Alice, late the wife of Humphrey de Bello Campo (Beauchamp): Devon, died. (S) UKNA.
(S) Magna Carta Sureties, Weis, 1999, P186. (S) History of the County of Somerset, V4, Dunning, 1978, PP222-231.
Child of Humphrey and Sibyl:
i. Hugh de Beauchamp (8389012), born ~1288 in Ryme, Dorset, England.

Bond 16778022 Geoffrey de Hauteville

16778022. Sir Geoffrey de Hauteville

8/19/1274, Edward I succeeded Henry III as King of England.
1297, Geoffry de Hautevile summoned for the counties of Somerset and Dorset, holding lands worth £20 yearly, under the general writ to perform military service in person with horses and arms, to muster at London on July 7th. (S) Parliamentary Writs and Writs of Military Summons, 1827, P660.
6/1/1298, Galfridus de Hautevile given letters of protection while traveling in the retinue of Adomaro de Valencia. (S) Scotland in 1298, Gough, P36.
1302, Galfridus de Huateville holds half a knight’s fee in Norton.
1303, Galfridus de Hateville tenet di. f. in Norton Hauteville de episcopo Bathoniensi. (S) Feudal Aids, V4, Lyte, 1906, P307.
5/7/1304, Pardon to Geoffrey de Hauville, king’s yoeman and falconer, for taking a stag in the forest of Rokyngham. (S) CPRs.
2/25/1308, Edward II succeeded Edward I as King of England.
1316, Hundedum de Langtre … Villa de Newenham … Glafridul de Hautevill. (S) Feudal Aids, V4, Lyte, 1906, P171.
1316-24, Sir Geoffrey de Hautville was M.P. for Somerset, Bucks, and Wilts. [He bore Sable crusilly Argent, a lion rampant Argent, being nearly the same arms as those borne by the Kings of Italy, as descendants of the Kings of Cyprus."] (S) The Norman People.
4/12/1327, A Bristol Friar minor was licensed as Confessor to Geoffery de Hauteville, knight, and 6 of his family. (S) Calendar of the register of John de Drokensford, 1887, P282.
1327, Galfridus de Altaville pays a 1/20th subsidy at Chew Magna.
1332, Geoffrey de Hauteville deeds his manor of Norton Hauteville to John de Wyck.
(S) Collections for a Parochial History of Wraxall, Master, 1900, P14. (S) Let the Stones Talk, Steed, 2011, P77. (S) Collections of a Parochial History of Chew Magna, Wood, 1903, P77ff.
Child of Geoffrey and ?:
i. Egelina de Hautville (8389011), born ~1305 in Chew Magna, Somerset, England.

Bond 16778020 Wyke-Wengham

16778020. Philip de Wyke & 16778021. Maud de Wengham

~1270, Philip born in England, s/o §John de Wyke.
~1280, Maud born in Steventon, Hampshire, England, coheir & d/o §Walter de Wengham & Maud de Sancto Mauro. (S) House of Yvery, V1, Anderson, 1742, P385.
4/1290, Maud’s mother Maud died. An assize of Mort d’Ancestor was brought by the coheirs of Walter de Wengham against Simon de Ludgate [Maud’s 2nd husband] and Laurence de Sancto Mauro [Maud’s son by her 2nd marriage]. Because of the minority of Maud and Joan, the case was delayed 2 years. (S) House of Yvery, V1, Anderson, 1742, P358.
1299, Philip de Wyke, knight, was a witness to a grant of lands and tenements from John de Lynforde, to Sir Richard de Emneburghe, knight.
2/25/1308, Edward II succeeded Edward I as King of England.
12/22/1317, Philip de Wyke and Maud his wife; and Sir Maurice de Berkelee, son and heir of Sir Thomas de Berkelee. … Philip and Maud have granted to Maurice one third of the manor of Kingestone Seymor with a third of the advowson of the church. Witnesses: Sir John de Clyvedon, …, Sir Thomas de Gorneye, Sir Geoffrey de Hautevile, knights, …
4/17/1318, Laurence de Sancto Mauro, … and Sir Maurice de Berkel', … Laurence has quitclaimed to Maurice, his heirs and assigns one third of the manor of Kyngestone Seymor with the advowson of one third of the church, viz. the third which Philip de Wyke and Maud his wife held. Witnesses: Sir John de Clyvedone, …, Sir Geoffrey de Hautevyle, knights, …
6/28/1318, Philip de Wyke was a witness to a grant from Simon de Asschton, knight, to Sir Maurice de Berkeleye.
1320, Philip de Wyke, s/o John de Wyke, held Withiel-Flory.
1320, Somerset. Philip de Wyke and Maud his wife plaintiffs; John de Bourbon and Joan [Maud’s sister] his wife deforciants; a messuage and 80 acres of arable land … in Old Kyngston and Weston-Gordein … Kyngston to Walter de Wyke, son of the said Philip, … remainder to John de Wyke, brother to Walter, and his heirs …  Weston-Gordein to the said John de Wyke, son of Philip, … (S) House of Yvery, V1, Anderson, 1742, P385.
1321, The manor of Kingston St. Maur allotted to the daughters of Walter de Wengham with the advowson on alternate presentation. The daughters were married to Laurence de Sancto Mauro, Philip de Wyke, and John de Boudon. [There was a 4th sister Alice married to Philip’s brother John, but she died without heirs.]
(S) Collections for a Parochial History of Wraxall, Master, 1900, P14. (S) Let the Stones Talk, Steed, 2011, P77. (S) Collections of a Parochial History of Chew Magna, Wood, 1903, P77ff.
Family notes:
1270, Petitioners: Peter Corbet; Henry de la Pomeray, son and heir of Henry de la Pomeray. Final concord between Richard of Cornwall and Vautort regarding lands in Cornwall and Devon. People mentioned: … Richard [of Cornwall], Earl of Cornwall; John de Wyke; Roger de Valle Torta (Vautort); … (S) UKNA.
8/19/1274, Edward I succeeded Henry III as King of England.
4/1287, John del Wike, querent; Philip de Wike, impedient; 3 messuages … in Milton [several places mentioned] … Philip acknowledged the right of John, as by his gift, to hold of the chief lords … John granted to Philip … in Middleton … in Wyke … After the decease of Philip the said tenement shall wholly revert to John, … (S) Publications, V6, Somerset Record Society, 1892, P263.
7/12/1290, Protection with clause volumus, until Michaelmas, for John de Wyke, gone beyond seas with Edmund, the king's brother. (S) CPRs. [Father of Philip.]
8/1/1298, Johannes de Wike, valettus ejufdem, habet j runcinum forum bauzain, precii. Xij li. (S) Scotland in 1298, Gough, P201. “Rolls of the Horses.”
Children of Philip and Maud:
i. Walter de Wyke, born ? in Somerset, England.
ii. John de Wyke (8389010), born ~1300 in Somerset, England.

Sunday, July 6, 2014

Bond 16778018 Gorges-Caleshale

16778018. Ralph Gorges [III] & 16778019. Eleanor de Caleshale

~1268, Ralph born in England, s/o 33556036. Ralph de Gorges [II] & 33556037. Elena ?
4-8/1272, Ralph de Gorges [II] died.
8/19/1274, Edward I succeeded Henry III as King of England.
~1250, Eleanor born in England, d/ §William de Caleshale & Cicely ?.
5/10/1290 at Norham [on the Scottish border], King Edward called the Scottish nobles to him, for them to hear records read which documented the Scots’ kings paying homage to the English kings.
1287, Eleanor and Joan of Acre, daughters of Edward I, to John de Kirkby: assistance in ending the dispute between Hugh le Despenser, John Lovel the heir, Ralph de Gorges and John Lovel the bastard. (S) UKNA. [King Edward was in Gascony.]
6/14/1291, Protection with clause volumus, until Christmas, for the following staying in Scotland on the king’s service – John de London. Ralph de Gorges. (S) CPRs.
1/3/1293, Pardon to Ralph de Gorges, for a fine of 200 marks, of all trespasses in the forests, chaces and parks of the king or others. (S) CPRs.
11/1291-11/1292, Ralph’s mother died.
1292, The King has received the homage of Ralph de Gorges son and heir of Elena de Gorges, deceased. (S) Proceedings, Hampshire Field Club, V3, 1898, P296.
1293, Ralph the Marshall of the Army of King Edward I in Gascony during which time he was captured by the French. [King Edward was involved in a long war to protect lands in Gascony from Philip IV of France. Philip IV was trying to make ties with the Scots, and Edward I was creating allies on the continent.]
1294, The King has received homage of Ralph de Gorges son and heir of Elen de Gorges deceased , of all lands and tenements which the same Elen his mother held from the King … (S) CPRs.
6/12/1294, Grant to Ralph de Gorges of what belongs to the king of the marriage of Sibyl, late the wife of Anselm de Gurney. (S) CPRs.
7/5/1294, Grant to Ralph de Gorges, going to Gascony on the king’s service, that if anything should happen to him there the executors of his will shall have free administration of his lands for 3 years after his death and free administration of his mother’s will, he said to be the executor. (S) CPRs.
9/10/1294, A 2nd fleet sailed from Plymouth for Gascony. John of Brittany and John de St. John were in command, with William Latimer, Raoul de Gorges (marshal) and Robert Tiptoft. (S) Guisborough, P244.
1294-95, Ralph de Gorges, Marshall of the king’s army in Gascony. (S) Extinct and Dormant, Burke, 1841, P222. [Raoul commanded the Blaye garrison of the first expeditionary force, in which Simon le Roux served and for which he was awarded a Certificate of Service in 1296.]
1294-95, King Philip IV captured many English-held lands in Guienne [southwest France.]
4/6/1295, Ralph de Gorges captured at Rouen by Charles of Valois, brother of King Philip of France, and taken to Paris. [5 “notable” English lords including Raoul, and 13 other knights with 33 squires were captured. One “notable” killed was Adam de Creting. Ralph would not be released for “several years” – by his own statements made in later petitions.]
3/18/1296, Commission of oyer and terminer … on complaint by Ralph de Gorges, touching the persons who, during his absence in Gascony on the king’s service, burned his houses and goods therein in Knyghteton, Isle of Wight, and assaulted and wounded his men. (S) CPRs.
1296, King Philip IV invaded and took possession of Gascony from the English.
8/23/1297, Edward left England with 500 ships to attack France and assert his rights. Because of the refusal of many barons, Edward only had a small contingent of knights. The army sailed for Flanders to seek additional support.
11/22/1297, Pardon to Thomas de Berkeleye, for his services while staying lately with the king in Flanders, of 500 marks wherein he was amerced for trespasses … and as sureties Ralph de Sandwyco, Ralph de Gorges, … (S) CPRs.
4/2/1299, Protection with clause volumus, for Ralph de Gorges, for as long as he remains a prisoner of the king of France.
10/1299, King Philip IV of France finally ratified the Treaty of Montreuil with King Edward I of England.
1299-1300, Ralph released from capture.
4/4/1300, Commission of oyer and terminer … touching persons who fished the stews of Ralph de Gorges, king’s yoeman, at Knyghteton, co. Southampton, and carried away fish, while he was on the king’s service and under his protection beyond seas. (S) CPRs.
1300, Ralph at the siege of Caerlaverock castle in Scotland. “There more than once the new-dubbed knight, Sir Ralph de Gorges I saw, hemmed round, … ” (S) Siege of Carlaverock, Walter, 1828, P335.
1301, Ralph held a knight’s fee in Braunton, co. Devon.
1302, Petitioners: Ralph de Gorges. Gorges requests that the king will make restoration to him for the horses that he and his father lost in the king's service in Gascony in lands or by other means. [Remained open due to lack of information.] (S) UKNA.
1303, Ralph granted a yearly market at his manor of Siditon, co. Dorset.
7/26/1304, Commission of oyer and terminer …  complaint by Ralph de Gorges that Nicholas de Mandevill, … with others broke his park at Lyndinton, co. Dorset, hunted therein and carried away deer. (S) CPRs.
7/29/1304, Grant to Ralph de Gorges of the custody for life of the forest of Whittlewode. (S) CPRs. [Taken from Richard Dammory for a trespass.]
11/1304-11/1305, Grant by Hugh le Despenser, knight, to his servant, John de Handlo, of his manor of Swereford, …. Witnesses:- SIrs Ralph de Gorges, …, knights, … (S) UKNA.
4/9/1305, Licence, in consideration of a fine made by Ralph de Gorges before Westminster. W. bishop of Coventry and Lichfield, treasurer, for William de Caleshale and Cicely, his wife, to enfeoff the said Ralph and Eleanor, his wife, of a messuage and carcucate of land in Sturmenstre Mareschal, co. Dorset … the said Ralph to grant, for life, to the said William and Cicely his manor of Knyghton, in the Isle of Wight, held in chief. (S) CPRs.
1305, Sir Ralph de Gorges and Eleanor his lady sealed a deed with the Morville arms. (S) Historical Memoires of the House of Russell, V1, Wiffen, 1833, P137.
10/6/1305, Protection with clause volumus … going beyond the seas on the king’s business with Hugh le Despenser … Ralph de Gorges … (S) CPRs. [Possibly attending the coronation at Lyon of Pope Clement V, which was attended by King Philip IV on Nov. 14th.]
4/16/1306, Ralph de Gorges appointed High Sheriff of Devon [until 12/1307.]
11/4/1306, Licence for Otto son of John Ferre to enfeoff … manor of Totel … to grant to Guy Ferre … reversion in tail to Otto, with remainder to Ralph de Gorges and Eleanor his wife, and the heirs of the body of Eleanor, … (S) CPRs.
1306-07, The merchants of the duchy request remedy according to their charter granted to them by the king as Ralph de Gorges [Sheriff of Devon], has taken wine from them at Dartmouth without making satisfaction against their charter. (S) UKNA.
1/6/1307, Debtor: Ralph de Gorges, knight [of Braunton, Braunton Hundred, Devon]. Creditor: Thomas, Bishop of Exeter [of Devon]. Amount: £20. (S) UKNA.
1307, William de Caleshale and Cicely his wife (of a licence feoffing for Ralph de Gorges and Eleanor his wife) Knyghton manor in the Isle of Wight of Carisbrook honor.
2/25/1308, Edward II succeeded Edward I as King of England.
1308, Ralph summoned to parliament as baron, Lord Gorges.
1308, Petitioners: Ralph de Gorges. Gorges requests allowance in the debt that he owes the king for wages and compensation for lost horses due to his father for the Gascon war. (S) UKNA.
3/2/1309, Commission of oyer and terminer … complaint … that Ralph de Gorges and other persons forcibly entered the manor of Gatecumbe in the Isle of Wight, … wrecked the doors of the houses, … took the rabbits … felled the trees … (S) CPRs. [For the trespass, Ralph lost the forest of Whittlewode which was eventually returned to Richard Dammory.]
4/1309, Ralph, “Sr Rauf de Gorges, Lozengy Or and Az”, present at the Dunstable tournament in which 235 knights participated in retinues, and 70 independently. Ralph faced Peter de Gaveston as his opponent, a favorite of King Edward II. [It was dangerous, even though their swords were blunted, their spears unpointed, and they wore heavy armour.]
12/14/1314, Commission of oyer and terminer … complaint by Richard Dammory … that … Ralph de Gorges [and many others] entered his close at Ubbele, co. Somerset, … (S) CPRs.
1315, Ralph de Gorges and Peter de Evercy made a petition for themselves and all the inhabitants of the Isle of Wight relative to the levying of scutage. (S) Siege of Carlaverock, Walter, 1828, P335.
1315-16, Ralph in possession of Wrokeshale, by service of Hugh de Courtenay, baron of Oakhampton, with the hamlets of Charleton, Bratton and Naylese.
3/6/1319, Commission of oyer and terminer to Hugh de Courtenay, Ralph de Gorges, … co. Somerset … (S) CPRs.
Bef. 1320, Petitioners: Ralph de Gorges. Gorges requests grace and remedy as he has been ousted from the keepership of Whittlewood Forest which he was granted by the King's father. He was in the king's service in Gascony and was captured and imprisoned for many years. (S) UKNA.
1320, Sir Ralph de Gorges presented Richard de Buron as rector to the living at Wraxall.
11/15/1320, Commission of oyer and terminer … petition exhibited before the king and Council, of Ralph de Gorges, alleging that divers trespasses and other malpractices under the colour of office had been committed as against the king, Edward, earl of Chester, and lord of the Isle of Wight, his son, … by Henry le Tyeys … constable of the said island. (S) CPRs.
11/23/1320, Commission to John de Bello Campo of Somerset, … county of Southampton … petition and allegations of Ralph de Gorges, the king’s attorney, that Henry le Tyeys, … (S) CPRs.
2/1/1321,  Appointment during pleasure of Ralph de Gorges to the office of justiciary of Ireland and of keeping the land of Ireland with its castles, receiving at the Exchequer, Dublin, so long as he shall remain in office, 500£ a year, and shall be the twentieth man of men-at-arms with so many comparisoned horses continousouly … (S) CPRs. [Cancelled because Ralph was soon after captured in Wales.]
5/1321, the “Marcher lords” of northern Wales attacked the Despenser’s estates in southern Wales; beginning the “Despenser War”. The forces opposing Hugh le Despenser and King Edward II were Roger de Mortimer, Earl Humphrey de Bohun, leading the Marcher forces; Earl Thomas of Lancaster, leading norther barons; and supporting barons including Roger de Armory, Hugh de Audley, Roger de Clifford and John de Giffard. [Ralph was in the service of Hugh le Despenser.]
5-6/1321, Ralph captured in Wales.
7/2/1321, Grant to Ralph de Gorges, lately taken prisoner when on the king's service and afterwards ransomed, of 500 marks towards his ransom from 1000£ by which Henry le Tyeys lately made fine … (S) CPRs.
10/1321, King Edward II took to the field with a large army to oppose the lords in revolt in the Despenser War.
11/12/1321, Protection with clause volumus until Easter for Ralph de Gorges, the elder, lately on the king’s service in the March of Wales and for that reason taken and imprisoned. [Protection given because he would be returning from capture.]
2/15/1322, Commission to Ralph de Gorges and John de Clyvedon to raise 1,000 footmen in the counties of Somerset and Dorset. (S) CPRs.
2/24/1322, Restitution to Ralph de Gorges of the bailiwick of the forestership of Whittylwode. (S) CPRs.
3/10/1322, King Edward defeated the forces of Earl Thomas of Lancaster [his cousin] at the river Trent.
3/16/1322, at the battle of Boroughbridge, northwest of York, King Edward defeated the forces of the Marcher lords.
3/17/1322, Grant to Ralph de Gorges of the custody of the lands late of Robert de Neuburgh and William de Whittefeld in the county of Dorset. (S) CPRs.
1322, Ralph summoned to parliament as baron, Lord Gorges.
5/1322, Ralph ordered to cease empressing the services of people of the seaports of Somerset and Dorset.
1322, Protection for Ralph de Gorges going with Hugh le Despenser, the younger, and the king to Scotland. (S) CPRs. [King Edward marched his forces into southeastern Scotland, but was immediately sent into retreat.]
10/14/1322, King Edward fought the battle of Byland [20 miles north of York] against Robert Bruce, and was nearly captured by the Scots invading south at Rievaulx abbey; primarily by treachery of Andrew Harclay. This defeat compelled Edward to recognize Scottish independence [which would become official in 1328.]
11/4/1322, Ralph attended parliament at York.
12/2/1322, Commission of oyer and terminer … on complaint by Ralph de Gorges touching the persons who broke his park at Wroxhale, co. Somerset, hunted … (S) CPRs.
Aft. 1322, Elizabeth de Newburgh requests a writ be sent to Ralph de Gorges instructing him to pay her for certain lands and rents due to her for her dower from the lands of Robert de Newburgh. These lands were taken into the king's hands following Newburgh’s rebellion and granted to Gorges, but since then she has not received payment. (S) UKNA.
6/2/1323, Ralph discharged from attending a muster of knights.
7/15/1323, Commission of oyer and terminer to John de Bellocampo of Somersete, Ralph de Gorges … (S) CPRs.
8/1323, Ralph de Gorges [III] of Devon, Dorset and Somerset, died holding 2 knights’ fees of the king.
9/27/1323, Grant … Ralph de Gorges, deceased, … (S) CPRs.
1324, Ralph de Gorges, Lord of Braunton Gorges, died and left a widow Eleanor. To support her in her widowhood an assignment of dower was given her. This consisted of 26½ acres of land in 19 separate lots in 18 different named furlongs. (S) Exeter Museum Field Study, Braunton Great Field.
Eleanor married 2nd Guy de Ferrers.
Eleanor married 3rd Sir John Peche.
2/1/1327, Edward III succeeded Edward II as King of England.
1330, Petitioners: John Pechche and Eleanor Pechche his wife. John Pechche and Eleanor his wife state that they have claimed a third of the manor of Dunton en Arden against Roger de Quylly, as Eleanor's dower from her previous husband, Ralph de Gorges; but Roger claims that the manor was a gift to his father from John Lovel, Lord of Titchmarsh, and has vouched to warranty John's son, who is under age and in the king's wardship. (S) UKNA.
Aft. 1330, Eleanor [Cave, Gorges, Ferrers] Peche died.
(S) Collections for a Parochial History of Wraxall, Master, 1900, P13, 121.
Children of Ralph and Eleanor:
i. Eleanor Gorges (8389009), born ~1300 in Devon, England.
ii. Jane Gorges, born ~1303 in Devon, England.
Jane married, as the 2nd wife, Sir William Cheney.
iii. Ralph Gorges [IV], born 1307 in Devon, England.
1327-30, Petitioners: Ralph de Gorges, son of Ralph de Gorges; Elizabeth de Gorges, wife of Ralph son of Ralph de Gorges. … request remedy as the earl's ministers have ousted them from the manor of Knighton following the death Ralph de Gorges, father of Ralph, though he had enfeoffed them and their heirs of the manor long before. (S) UKNA.
1331, Dorset. Fine levied between Walter Waleys, complainant, and Ralph de Gorges, deforciant, of lands and rents in Bi'aunton, near Barnstaple, co.Devon, and the manors of Knyghtteton, Lutton and Bradepole … settled on Ralph de Gorges and the heirs male of his body, and failing such on William, son of Theobald Russell, …, and failing such on Theobald, brother of William, and such on John, brother of Theobald, …, and failing such on Richard, brother of John, … (S) Pedigrees from the Plea Rolls.
Aft. 1331, Ralph died leaving his 3 sisters as his heirs.
iv. Elizabeth Gorges, born ~1298 in Devon, England.
Elizabeth married Sir Robert Ashton.

[Their son Robert died without children.]

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