Wednesday, July 9, 2014
5/27/1199, John succeeded Richard I as King of England.
1204, Ralph born in England, s/o 67112064. John Russel & 67112065. Rohesia Bardulf. (S) Devonshire Parishes, Worthy, 1887, P261.
~1208, born in Cadbury, Somerset, England, d/o 121685158. James de Newmarch & 9994917. Matilda ?.
By 1215, Isabel’s father died [her mother remarried.]
10/28/1216, Henry III, age 9, succeeded John as King of England.
1219, Ralph married to Isabel. (S) FMG. [“Ysabella et Matildis filie Jacobi de Novo Mercato … Radulfus Russel et Johannes de Boterall habent ea” holding land “Kaddelberi et Maperton” in Somerset.]
1224, Ralph took livery of his wife’s paternal inheritance in Somerset, Wilts and Dorset. (S) Hist. of the Antiquities of Somerset, Collinson, 1791, P372.
1225, Order to the sheriff of Dorset to arrest Ralph Russell and take his lands until the king orders otherwise. (S) CFRs.
2/4/1228, Liberate … going on the king’s message to Ralph Russel and John de Boterellis, 12d. … (S) CLibRs.
1229, Ralph Russell a confirmand of the inspeximus of a charter of Maurice of Gaunt, made at Bristol the previous year. (S) Early Hist. of the Church of Wells, Church, 1894, P216.
9/5/1231, Order to the sheriff of Somerset and Dorset to place in respite, …, the demand he makes by summons of the Exchequer from Ralph Russell for the scutage of Kerry, which he says he had previously rendered, …, and the demand of £15 which he ought not to render, as he says, …, so that he does not distrain him in the meantime for the aforesaid debts. (S) FRsHIII.
1235-36, Ralph holding more than 8 fees with the daughter of James de Newmarch. (S) Transactions of Bristol and Gloucestershire, V13, 1888-89. [Her sister Hawyse’s husband held the same number of fees of their father.]
1238, Ralph owed a considerable sum in scutages.
1242, Ralph 1 of 50 barons summoned to on the occasion of the war with France to attend the king with horses and arms and a suitable retinue on an expedition to Poictou.
5/20/1242, Hugh X de Lusignan and his step-son King Henry III with his brother Richard arrived at Royen, France with a small contingent; but with 30 tons of gold. They were soon joined by French nobles with Hugh as their leader against the forces of the Count of Poitou and King Louis IX.
7/1242, The 2 armies met at the battles of Taillebourgh and Saintes, with the superior sized French force winning.
9/27/1242, King Henry returned to England arriving at Portsmouth.
1245, “Radulfus Russell’ optulit se quarto die versus Beatriciam de Furneus de placito quod permitt …” (S) Curia Regis Rollls, Brand, 1999, P363.
1248, Sir Ralph had respite for scutage for lands of the honour of James de Newmarch.
7/3/1252, Ralph granted the privilege of hunting the hare, wild cat and fox in the royal forests in Dorset, Wilts and Somerset. (S) CPRs.
7/11/1253, Dorset. Ralph Russel and Dionisia [Isabel] his wife give the king one mark for a writ ad terminum. Order to the sheriff of Dorset to take etc. (S) FRsHIII.
5/29/1257, Inquisition of William Fukerham … Glouceser … Henton, half a knight’s fee held of Sir Ralph Russel by knight’s service. (S) Henry III, GBPRO, 1904, P104.
1257, Touching escheats, … Richard de Sancta Mora holds one knight’s fee in la Rade of Ralph Russell, which was formerly an escheat of the Norman lands. … King John gave that land to John Russell, Ralph’s father. (S) Somerset Pleas, 1897, P287.
1257, Somerset. Ralph Russel put in his place Henry son of Walter against William de Capello and Isabella his mother on a plea of warranty of charter … (S) Somerset Pleas, Landon, 1897, P150.
1259, Ralph on an expedition with Lord Edward against the Welsh prince Llywelyn ap Gruffydd.
7/9/1261, Appointment during pleasure … Ralph Russel, Wilts with the castle of Salisbury; mandate to Matthew de Columbariis to deliver the county. (S) CPRs.
3/8/1262, Ralph Russel has letters patent for keeping the county of Wiltshire with the castle of Salisbury until the abovesaid feast, … (S) FRsHIII.
4/12/1263, Simon de Montfort returned to England to lead a rebellion of young barons. The French relatives of Queen Eleanor, the primary target of the rebellion, secretly returned to France.
6/17/1263, Promise to Ralph Russell, to whom the king has committed the castle of Old Sarum, which be reason of the disturbance of the realm, he has to munition, that the king will allow reasonable costs in so doing. (S) CPRs.
6/18/1263, The king has committed his manor of Gillingham to his beloved and faithful Ralph Russel to keep with appurtenances for as long as it pleases the king. (S) FRsHIII.
Bef. 11/26/1263, Ralph appointed sheriff of Wiltshire. (S) CChRs.
1263, Sir Ralph Russell to King Henry the Third: “To his most excellent lord, Henry, by the grace of God King of England, Lord of Ireland, and Duke of Aquitaine, Ralph Russell, his ever-faithful servant, wishes health and constant reliance on his entire fidelity. I apprise your most noble and serene Excellency, that, as I am given to understand, certain of your barons and rebels purpose shortly to march upon your camp at Sarum [Salisbury], with a great multitude of men-at-arms ; and as I find but a very few who, for your royal bounty, will interest themselves in its fortification, I entreat your Grace, if it seems good, to send me some assistance, that I may safely keep and defend the same against them ; and thus I bid your serene Excellency farewell ever in the Lord!” (S) UKNA.
4/2/1264, By reason of the present disturbance in the realm, … castle of Salisbury be munitioned … free men of the county of Wilts, requesting them to be intendant to Ralph Russel, the sheriff of the county, in all things pertaining to the munition of the castle … (S) CPRs.
5/14/1264, King Henry, son Richard, and son lord Edward, and Henry of Almain captured by Gilbert de Clare at the battle of Lewes, “at the Mill of the Hide”. An estimated 2700 died.
1264-65, Simon de Montfort effectively ruled England.
6/5/1264, Protection without clause until Michaelmas for Ralph Russel. (S) CPRs.
1264, Ralph Russel, sheriff of Wilts, headed an inquisition about the manor of Poulton. (S) CPRs.
12/19/1264, Commitment to John de Mucegos of the castle of Salisbury … Mandate to Ralph Russell, constable of the said castle, to deliver it to him. (S) CPRs.
5/28/1265, Lord Edward escaped captivity.
5/31/1265, Commitment to Walter de Dunstable of the castle of Salisbury, John de Muscegros, Ralph Russel and Ralph de Aungers to deliver it. (S) CPRs.
8/4/1265, Lord Edward [future Edward I] defeated Simon de Montfort at the battle of Evesham in Worcestershire, freeing his father, who had been accidentally wounded.
1265, Ralph owed ‘de claro’ 30£ at Mid-lent.
12/23/1265, Simple protection until Midsummer for Ralph Russel. (S) CPRs.
1267, Ralph given the “apparitorship” of Dorset for life.
11/23/1267, In the same manner the counties of Somerset and Dorset were committed to Andrew Wake. Order to Ralph Russel to deliver those counties to the same Andrew. (S) FRsHIII.
1269, A charter whereby Henry de Novo Burgo, with the assent of his wife and heirs, granted to the church of St. Peter, Abbodesbury, … witnesses, Sir Ralph Russel, Sir Andrew Wake … (S) CChRs.
5/23/1271, … to Ralph Russel, formerly sheriff of Somerset and Dorset, 7£ for 30 quarters of wheat lately bought and delivered to the wife of Bartholomew Bygot for her maintenance of the king's gift. (S) CLibRs.
5/4/1273, Order to deliver the manor of Derham to Ralph Russell, together with everything received therefrom … Ralph gave his said manor to Robert Waleraund with Matilda his daughter, whom Robert married, to hold to Robert and the heirs of their bodies, with reversion to Ralph in default of such heirs, and that Robert died without an heir of his body, wherefore the manor ought to revert to Ralph. (S) CCRs.
8/19/1274, Edward I succeeded Henry III as King of England.
2/11/1275, Writ of plenius certiorari, on the complaint of Ralph Russel, that the escheator had taken into the king’s hand the manor of Derham, … (S) Henry III, V1, 1906, P7.
2/6/1276, Ralph granted the privilege, for life, of hunting the hare, wild cat and fox in the royal forests in Dorset, Wilts and Somerset. (S) CPRs.
1278, Son William enfeoffed by Ralph in the manor of Kingston-Russell, held of the king by service of acting as cupbearer on stated occasions.
1279, Ralph received the king’s precept to be ready to accompany him into Wales. [Infirm, Ralph sent his son James to do his service.]
By 1280, Ralph died.
(S) Historical Memoires of the House of Russell, V1, Wiffen, 1833, P112ff.
Children of Ralph and Isabel:
i. James Russell, born ? in England.
Sir James married Eleanor, d/o Sir John Tilly.
7/1/1277, James served in place of his father with the Earl Marshall, going into Wales, for the service of 1 knights’ fee for a moiety of the barony of Newmarch.
1279, James again served in place of his father.
Bef. 2/13/1281, James died; his son Ralph his heir, a minor [died 1295, no children, his uncle Robert his heir.] (S) CPRs.
ii. Maud Russel, born ? in England.
5/1264, Sir John de Bassingbourne, Sir Robert Tipetot, Sir John de Mussegros, Sir Pain de Chawurthe, and Sir Robert Walronde in the castle of Bristol, hearing from the Queen that Lord Edward was a prisoner at Wallingford, left Bristol with 300 horsemen on a Friday as the sun rose. They were unsuccessful in capturing the castle, and Lord Edward, from the walls of the castle, commanded them to return to Bristol. (S) Bristol Past and Present, V1, Nicholls, 1881, P135.
Lady Maud married Robert Walrond, receiving the manor of Derham in Gloucestershire at her marriage.
1272-3, Robert died before her father. [No children.]
1288, Matilda died; her heir nephew Ralph, s/o James.
iii. Robert Russell, born ? in England.
7/1/1277, Robert attened the expedition into Wales.
3/1/1296, Robert served with the king against the Scots.
1296-97, Robert died; his brother William his heir.
iv. William Russel (16778016), born 1257 in England.