AS OF 06-2020 MANY UPDATES IN PROCESS ... New posts will NOT have numbers in post TITLE. ......................................... I have published a book on the early history of England on Amazon: "A Chronological Multimedia History of Early Royal England"
William, ‘Sire de Graville,’ born in Normandy.
Heselia Crispin born in Normandy, France, d/o §§Castellan Gilbert Crispin
of Tillieres in the Vexin.
Edward the Confessor, became King of England.
William married Heselia.
William associated with Earl Harold Godwinson of England. (S) The Normans,
Crouch, 2006, P87.
Harold Godwinson elected King of England.
Haley’s comet appeard in the sky at its closest point to earth, and was
interpreted as an evil omen. 9/1066, King Harald of Norway defeated the English in battle near York.
William and son Robert participated in the Battle of Hastings. When the battle
was over, Duke William entrusted William Malet to attend to the burial of the
dead English King.
William the Conqueror crowned King of England.
William travelled through England building castles. Nottingham was assigned to
William Peverel, Warwick to Henry de Beaumont, and William Malet appointed Sheriff
of York. [Record of Odericus: ‘William surveyed the most unaccessible points in
the country, and selecting suitable spots, fortified them against the enemy’s
William returned to Normandy [which provided the opportunity for rebellion.]
William serving under Robert Fitz-Richard and William of Ghent, with 500 picked
knights had to fight off a local revolt, headed by Edgar the Atheling. Robert
Fitz-Richard and many of his men were killed and it was only by the timely
arrival of King William that the City was saved.
Robert Fitz-Richard murdered at Durham. William appointed castellan of York.
Back in England, King William devastated York and burned the countryside.
a siege of York, William, his wife and 2 of his children were captured by a
combined force of Danes and English under Sweyn of Denmark, supported by Earls
Waltheof and Gospatric and the Northumbrians. William, the governor of York,
lost all of his land holdings in Yorkshire. [The Danes are said to have had 240
ships. The Normans to have lost 3000. The cathedral was burnt. At this time the
‘locals’ likely supported the Danes.]
William again marched north and defeated the invaders.
William celebrated Christmas in the ruins of York.
William was named Sheriff of Suffolk. William given the largest fife in East
Anglia including lands in Suffolk, Norfolk and Essex. William built his home
called Castle Mound, at Eye, Suffolk.
William died fighting “Hereward the Wake” in the Fens, near Ely Cathedral [in
the middle of the Malet holdings]. (S) The Domesday Book: “... He went into the
marsh ... he went on the King’s service, where he died.”
holding lands in dower in Suffolk. [Hesilia, ‘Mother of Robert Malet’, is
recorded in Domesday multiple times.]
of an English Branch of the Malet Family, Arthur Malet, 1885, PP22-23, App’s
C1-C2 & PP1-17, App’s A1-A10. (S) Battle Conference, 1996, P122ff. (S)
Domesday York, Is78, Palliser, P3.
King Henry besieged and destroyed the Norman outpost of Tillieres-sur-Avre
[land of Duke William], held by Gilbert Crispin for Blois.
and his brother Durand held lands in Lincolnshire, England, during the reign of
Edward the Confessor, and through the reign of Harold right up to the conquest,
in addition to those in Normandy. These Lincolnshire holdings, all in the
Danelaw, probably came from William and Durand’s mother. After the conquest William’s
English holdings were greatly increased, again, principally in the Danelaw, as
English lands were taken from their Saxon owners and handed over to Norman
Malet Castle at Graville Sainte Honorine had an important strategic location at
the mouth of the Seine.
Malet Coat of Arms can be seen on the Bayeux tapestry.
Abbey church in which some of the Malets are buried is in the town of Le Havre,
Children of William and Heselia: i. Robert Malet, born ~1045 in France.
married Elisee De Brionne.
Robert a witness in a charter of William, Count of the Normans, to the Abbey of
named Sheriff of Suffolk, succeeding his father William. The bulk Robert’s
properties were in Suffolk and Norfolk, and comprised land in 137 parishes in
that county, as well as 35 in Yorkshire, 22 in Norfolk, 6 in Lincolnshire, 4 in
Essex, 2 in Nottinghamshire, 1 in Rutland, and 1 in Surrey. The size of
individual holdings ranged from a few acres to entire parishes, and the total
land area is estimated to have been at least 75,000 acres, of which 47,000 were
located in Suffolk, making Robert the second largest landowner there, behind only
the Abbot of Bury St. Edmunds.
was responsible for suppressing the rebellion of Ralph, Earl of Norfolk.
Robert Malet grante to the priory of Eye the church of Eye and all the churches
in the neighbouring town of Dunwich. (S) Cyclopedia of Education, V5, 1913,
appointed to the office of “Great Chamberlain of England”. It’s possible he may
have been the first Great Chamberlain of England, a title which passed to his
relative Aubrey (Alberic) II de Vere upon his death.
Robert responsible for establishing Eye park as a hunting preserve, one of only
four such parks mentioned in the Suffolk Domesday book.
listed in the Domesday survey. He had inherited most of his father’s estates in
Suffolk, Yorks, Norfolk, Surrey, Notts, Rutland, Lincoln, Cheshire, and Essex.
was responsible for establishing the Benedictine priory of St. Peter.
[and after the death of William I] Robert was deprived of the Honour of Eye and
was banished from the kingdom. [probably by William I’s son Rufus.]
youngest s/o William I, became King; Robert Malet was there to witness his
London, Robert Malet attested a writ of Queen Matilda.
Robert died at the battle of Tinchebrae, France; the decisive battle in which
Henry, King of England, defeated his brother Robert, Duke of Normandy.
Malet, born ~1070 in Eye, Suffolk, England. 1096, William was one of Duke
Robert's companions in the first Crusade. 1110, William was banished from England
by Henry I for participation in the rebellion of Helias, Earl of Mayne.
Gilbert Malet (1080754272), born ~1050 in France.
Beatrice Malet, born ~1055 in France.
Beatrice married William De Arches.
grant in aid to the village of Radingfield a source of the early family
~978, Yaroslav Vladimirovich born in Russia,
s/o §§Grand Prince Vladimir the
Great of Kiev & Princess Rogneda of Polotsk.
Yaroslav’s father introduced Orthodox Christianity to Kievian Russia.
Yaroslav, Prince of Rostov.
Yaroslav moved from ruling Rostov to Novgorod near the Volga.
~1010, Ingegerd [Irina] born in Sweden, d/o§§King
Olof ‘Skotkonung’ of Sweden&
Queen Estrid of Obotriten.
Yaroslav, Prince of Novgorod.
Yaroslav refused to pay tribute to Kiev.
Yaroslav’s father died, beginning a succession struggle.
Yaroslav defeated his cousin Svyatopolk I, Grand Prince of Kiev, in battle at
Liubech, who then fled to Poland.
Invading from Poland, Svyatopolk pushed Yaroslav back to Novgorod. [The ‘Kiev
Svyatopolk again assumed rule of Kiev. King Boleslaw of Poland [Svyatopolk’s
father-in-law] left with his forces.
Yaroslav married 2nd to Ingegerd.
Yaroslav attacked Svyatopolk, drove him south, and defeated defeated him by the
river Alta. Yaroslav again took control of Kiev.
Yaroslav defeated by his half-brother, Mstislav , Prince of Tmutorokan.
Yaroslav and Mstislav divided Kievan Russia. Yaroslav got the land on the
western bank of the Dnieper, including Kiev and Novgorod.
Yaroslav returned to find Kiev under siege by the Pechenegs; which he drove
Yaroslav founded the town of Dorpat.
Yaroslav founded the first school in Novgorod.
Yaroslave founded the town of Yurev in the northwest; from which he gained
control of access to the Gulf of Finland.
Yaroslav, allied with Sweden, conquered Polish territories.
Yaroslav’s brother Mstislav died; Yaroslav succeeding to his lands, becoming
sole ruler of Russia.
Yaroslav had a decisive victory in battle over the Pechenegs tribes, which had
been raiding Russian for a hundred years.
Yaroslav started the construction of Saint
Sophia cathedral in Kiev to celebrate his victories.
Yaroslav launched a [unsuccessful] naval attack on Constantinople.
arranged for a Russian monk [1st non-Greek] to be named the
Metropolitan of Kiev.
Yaroslav died; buried in Saint Sophia cathedral. [Yaroslav’s 5 sons began a new
Foundation for Medieval Genealogy. (S) Russia, Borrero, 2009.
of Juraslov and Ingegerd:
i. Anne of Kiev (1272928373), born by 1032 in
2555189250. Treasurer William de Breteuil &
2555189251. Lady Adeline de Montfort
William born in Normandy, s/o 1272928378. William fitz Osbern & 1272928379.
Adeliza de Tony.
Adeline born in Normandy, d/o §§Seigneur Hugh de Montfort-sur-Risle.
‘Guillelmus filius Osberti and Guillelmus filius Guillelmi filiii Osberti’
witnessed the charter by which William, duke of Normandy, granted Brenerias to
the abbey of Bayeux.
William married Adeline.
3/20/1066, Haley’s comet appeard in the sky at its
closest point to earth, and was interpreted as an evil omen.
10/25/1066, William the Conqueror crowned King of England.
comes filius Osberni dapiferi [steward of the king]’ made donations to
Sainte-Trinite de Rouen, confirmed by his son William of Breteuil.
William’s father killed at the battle of Cassel.
William succeeded to the lands in France; his younger brother Robert [becoming
earl of Hereford] inherited the lands in England.
earl of Hereford [William’s brother], conspired with his brother-in-law Raoul
de Gaël, Earl of Norfolk against King William. [Roger forfeited his lands in England
and was imprisoned for the rest of his life.]
William of Breteuil [among many others] listed in both of the abbey of Bec’s
‘pancarte’; one issued by King William of England, the other by King Philip of
France. (S) Battle Conference, 1998, P182.
Robert, s/o King William, rebelled claiming the duchy of Normandy as the gift
of his father. Robert was supported by Robert of Belesme, William of Breteuil,
Roger of Bienfaite, and Robert Mowbray. (S) Constitutional History of England,
V1, Stubbs, 1889, P319.
‘Guillelmus de Bretolio filius Guillelmi comitis’ donated revenue to the monks
Breteuil, King William of England betrothed his daughter Adela to Stephen-Henri
of Blois. (S) Aristocratic Women in Medieval France, Evergates, 2011, P14.
Eustace III of Boulogne and his father, as well as Robert, Count of meulan,
witnessed a grant to Bec by William of Breteuil [granting freedom of toll and
customs.] (S) Norman Institutions, Haskins, 1918, P68.
9/26/1087, William Rufus crowned King of England;
succeeding William the Conqueror. His elder brother Robert became Duke of
Robert, count of Meulan, claimed the Norman frontier castle of Ivry-la-Bataille
in right of his father. The castle was held by William of Breteuil.
‘Ascelinus cognomento Goellus’ captured ‘arcem Ibreii’ from ‘Guillelmo
Bretoliensi domino suo’ and surrendered it to Duke Robert fo Normandy, who
resold it back to Guillaume de Breteuil for ‘MD libras’, triggering a lengthy
‘Willelmus de Bretoil’ witnessed the charter by which Robert III, Duke of
Normandy, confirmed the restoration of the monastery of Saint-Vigor near
William of Breteuil defeated by the forces of Roger de Toeni and Ascelin Gouel
in which William and many other nobles were taken captive.
Ascelin released William of Breteuil for a ransom of 3000 livres, and the
agreements that Ascelin would marry his daughter, and Roger de Tony, his
cousin, would be named his heir, and he had to give the castle of Yvery to
William of Breteuil aided Duke Robert in suppressing a rebellion in the city of
Ascelin Gouel found an ally in Richard de Montfort after his brother Amaury de
Montfort was killed by forces ofWilliam
of Breteuil. (S) Robert Curthose, Aird, 2011, P130.
William of Breteuil fortified the monastery of St. Mary, near Yvery. [Roger de
Tony and many other nobles had left on crusade.]
Ascelin Gouel captured the fortified monastery of St. Mary.
Ralph de Tony sought the help of his northern allies Stephen of Aumale and
Gerard of Gournay. Ralph captured his nephew William of Breteuil, s/o his
William paid a ransom of £3000-Norman, and forfeit of his inheritance to Ralph
de Tony’s oldest son Roger [who would die leaving his younger brother Ralph as
Robert of Belleme arranged a [short-lived] peace agreement
between William de Bretevil and Ascelin Gouel. (S) Sussex County Mag., V11,
William of Breteuil and Ascelin Gouel continued to wage war.
William of Breteuil paid 700 livres to King Philip of France for his aid
against Ascelin Gouel. [William also supported by the clergy.]
William of Breteuil commanded a great force that besieged Ascelin Gouel at
Breherval. Robert de Belesme (756472972) was another commander of the siege
forces. (S) Peerage of England, Collins, 1812, P325.
a 2-month siege, a peace agreement restored the castle of Yvery to William of
Bretevil [which Ascelin would eventually get in right of his wife]; Ascelin
kept the castle of Breherval.
Robert of Normandy [possible heir to English crown, and older brother of Henry
Beauclerc] left on the 1st crusade to the holy lands with many knights
Henry Beauclerc [King Henry I] possibly complicit in the death of his brother
King William II on a hunting trip in New Forest. Willima de Breteuil a member
of the hunting party. (S) The Normans, Crouch, 2006, P154. [Henry’s brother
William had been a very unpopular king. Henry left his body with servants and
rode overnight to London.]
London, Before the coronation of King Henry, William of Breteuil, treasurer,
had said that they should wait for the return of Duke Robert, Henry’s older
brother, to do homage [4/1091, Henry, besieged at Mont-Saint-Michel by his
brothers, had agreed to not be in succession in England or Normandy – though he
would ultimately conquer both.] Henry drew his sword and silenced William.[William was not at the coronation on the 5th.]
8/5/1100, Henry I crowned King of England.
William died; buried at the monastery of Lire, Normandy.
of England, Collins, 1812, P323ff. (S) Foundation for Medieval Genealogy.
of William and Adeline:
i. Isabella de Breteuil (1277594625), born ~1065 in
of William and ?:
i. Eustace de Pacy, born ? in Normandy. [Natural
Eustace married Juliane, natural d/o King Henry I of England.
Juliane, d/o King Henry, married to Eustace de Breteuil of Pacy, attempted to
kill her father with a crossbow during the assault of the castle of Breteuil.
[King Henry had allowed her hostaged daughters to be blinded.]
Juliane’s full-brother interceeded on her behalf with King Henry. Eustace
allowed to keep Pacy.
‘Eustach de Britolio’ in Wiltshire.
Eustace died; Juliane became a nun at Fontrevraud.
[Eudes I] born in Blois, s/o §§Comte Thibaut II of Blois (b.913,
m.943, d.975) & Ctss
Luitgardis of Vermandois
[Carolingian. See (9876543210).]
9/12/954, King Lothair succeeded King Louis IV as King
of the West Franks.
Berthaborn in Burgundy, d/o §§King Conrad I of Burgundy [Welf, (d.10/19/993)]
& QueenMathilde of France [(b.941), Carolingian, See (9876543210).]
Odo’s eldest brother Thibaut killed in battle; Odo became the successor [his
older brother Hugh became Archbishop of Bourges – died 986.]
I, comte de Blois, Chartres, Tours and Meaux. (S) Coinage of the European
Continent, V1, Hazlitt, P282.
Count Odo of Blois issued a charter that concluded with
the phrase ‘enacted publicly in the city of Tours.’ (S) Lordship in the County
of Maine, Barton, 2004, P117.
[–––Odo & Bertha–––]
married Bertha [neice of King Lothair.] (S) Capetians, Bradbury, 2007, P42.
comes’ signed a charter of Chartres Saint-Père.
‘Odoni comitis’ signed a charter relating to Bourgeui.
Property donated to ‘Sancti Petri’ with the consent of … ‘comite Odone.’
Odo’s maternal uncle Herbert ‘the old’ died. Odo and his cousin Herbert ‘the
young’ shared the inheritance of the lands northeast of Paris [the Vermandois.]
(S) France in the Making, Dunbabin, 2000, P191.
‘Heriberti Trecassini et Oddonis comitis filii Tedbaldi’ were enemies of
‘Adelbero Remonis archiepiscopus.’
‘Ottonem’ and ‘Heribertum’ made peace with the archbishop.
Aft. 985, Odo’s
6/8/986, Louis V ‘the Lazy’ succeeded King Lothair of
the West Franks.
986, ‘Odo comes’ restored ‘villam ... Culturas’ to Marmoutier,
subscribed by ‘Berte comitissæ uxoris eius, majoris filii eius Teutboldi.’ [Odo
& Berte – Odo’s father and mother.]
986-7, Odo and Herbert part of the council of the Queen of France.
7/3/987, Hugh [Capet] succeeded Louis V [Carolingian] as King of the
comitis [Odo I], Rotberti filii eius [eldest son], Tetbaldi filius eius [2nd
son], Odonis alterius filius [Odo II-Eudes], Hugonis vicecomitis
Castridunensis, Raherii de Montigniaco’ subscribed the by which ‘Robert Vicomte
de Blois’ donated property to the abbey of Evron.
990, Odo and
King Hugh Capet made a peace agreement. (S) Fulk Nerra, Bachrach, 1993, P38.
Hugh Capet gave Odo the county of Dreux. (S) Capetians, Bradbury, 2007, P77.
Foulques Nerra (1512882176) asked Eudes, Count of Blois, for
permission to build a shelter for his hunting dogs on Eudes's land. (S) Road from the
Past, Caro, 1996, P158. [Foulques turned the ‘shelter’ into the fortress of
Orsay, Bouchard of Vendôme, and Geoffrey, count of the Gâtinais, engaged and
defeated the army of Odo I of Blois.
and Bishop Adalbero of Laon arranged a meeting at Metz with King Hugh of France
and his son Robert, intending to take them prisoner [which was unsuccessful
because the conspiracy was uncovered by the King].
Odo encamped at Tours.
began a siege of Langeais, where Fulk was in personal command of the defending
Hugh of France supported Fulk’s campaigning by relieving the siege of Langeais
by Odo I of Blois, who became ill.
began a 2nd siege of Langeais.
‘Odonis comitis filii Theobaldi comitis’ subscribed the charter by which
Ragnfred, Bishop of Chartres, donated property to Chartres Saint-Père.
died; buried at the Abbaye de Saint Martin, Marmoutier, Tours.
Confirmation by ‘comitissæ Berthæ’ of the donation by ‘Odo comes’ of property
for the construction of the abbey of Bourgeuil, with the consent of ‘filiorum
suorum Teobaldi.’ [Odo’s elder brother.]
Odo’s mother remarried to her cousin, King Robert II “the pious” of France.
[Not approved by the church.]
Gregory V called on King Robert to repudiate his wife on grounds of
Robert refused to divorce Bertha, and the kingdom of France was excommunicated.
Queen Bertha formally divorced from King Robert.
Robert designated Bertha’s eldest son Theobald as bishop of Chartres.
reginæ, Odonis comitis filii eius’ subscribed the charter of ‘Gislebertus
‘Odonis comitis, Ermengardis uxoris eius, Bertæ reginæ’ subscribed the charter
by which ‘comitem Odonem’ donated property to ‘Sancti Petri.’
Robert, accompanied by his 2nd wife Bertha, travelled to Rome to
seek a divorce from Constance and remarriage to Bertha. [Which was denied.]
Queen Bertha [Odo’s mother] and Odo accepted an invitation to the the court of
Duke William of Aquitaine.
Bertha died. (S) England Under the Angevin Kings, V1, Norgate, 1887, P155.
Foundation for Medieval Genealogy.
of Eudes and Bertha:
i. Eudes II of Blois (1279354120), born 983 in
Blois. [3rd son]
Geoffrey [‘Greymantle’ or ‘Greygown’] d’Anjou born s/o §§Comte Foulques II
‘le Bon’ d’Anjou & Ctss Gerberge ?.
born in France, d/o §§Comte Robert de Meaux et de Troyes &
Ctss Adelais de Bourgogne (b.914).
Geoffrey’s father died.
‘Gausfredi comitis’ subscribed the charter by which Aremburgis donated property
to Saint-Florent de Saumur.
Geoffrey married Adela.
‘Gaufridus … Andecavorum comes’ names ‘patris mei Fulconis, matris quoque meæ
Gerbergæ’ in a charter.
Adela’s father died.
Geoffrey helped the viscomital house of le Mans and the lords of Bellême put their
relative in the episcopal chair at le Mans.
Adela donated property to Saint-Aubin d’Angers naming ‘seniore meo Gauzfredo
comite’; subscribed by ‘Gauzfredi comitis, Fulconis filii eius, Gauzfredi filii
with his father at the court of Duke Hugh Capet at Orleans.
Geoffrey married 2nd Adelais ?, widow of Lambert, comte de Chalon. [Adelais and
Lambert had a son Hugh, count of Chalon. Geoffrey and Adelais had a son
Maurice, half-brother to Hugh, and half-brother to Fulk.]
‘Gauzfredi comitis, Adaleidis comitissa’ subscribed a charter.
with his father at Loches in the Touraine for the dedication of a church to St.
Angers, Fulk attended a court of his father.
King Lothair succeeded by his son King louis V.
Count Geoffrey died during a siege of Marcon.
§§Comte Foulques II ‘le Bon’ d’Anjou, s/o §§Comte
Foulques I ‘le Roux’d’Anjou & Ctss Roscille de Loches.
of Geoffrey and Adela:
i. Ermengarde of Anjou (3025764387), born ~960 in
ii. Fulk III Nerra of Anjou (1512882176), born 970
3025764384. Duke Richard I of Normandy & 3025764384.
Mistress Gunnora ?
‘the Fearless’, born in Normandy, s/o 6051528768. Comte William Longsword of
Normandy. [At his birth, William ordered his infant
son be sent immediately to ‘Baiocas ... episcopo Henrico’ for baptism as
6/19/936, King Louis IV ‘d’Outremen’ succeeded Rudolf
as King of the West Franks.
12/17/942, Richard’s father killed.
Aft. 942, King Louis IV marched on Rouen and captured Richard, who was
taken to Laon.
942-43, Richard was freed by ‘Osmundus ... consilio cum Yvone patre
Willelmi de Belismo’ and taken to ‘Silvanectis’ where ‘Bernardus ... comes’
protected ‘nepotem suum Richardum.’
942-43, ‘Osmundus’, in support of Richard, defeated the army of Otto I,
King of Germany, after an attempt to capture Rouen in revenge for the escape of
944, Hugues, Duc des Francs, supported [temporarily] King Louis’ attack
945, Hugues, Duc des Francs, captured King Louis IV and helped Richard
~948, Emma born in Normandy.
By 954, King Louis granted the land of the Normans to Richard [‘filio
ipsius Willelmi, nato de concubina Brittana’]; becoming Richard I ‘Sans
Peur’ Comte de Normandie.
9/12/954, King Lothair succeeded King Louis IV as King of the West
Gunnora born in Normandy.
betrothed to Emma, d/o Hugues, Duc des Francs [sister of future King Hugh
Capet]. As part of the arrangement, Hugues Duc des Francs nominated comte
Richard as guardian of his son Hugues.
Hugues, Duc des Francs died; succeeded by his son Hugh Capet [future king],
still a minor.
Rouen, Richard married 1st to Emma.
Count Richard I accepted in Normandy a party of monks from Ghent which were
given the site of Fontanelle where they began a house in honor of
Richard and King Lothair at war. King Lothaire captured Evreux.
962, On the
river Deppe, Comte Richard, allied with his Viking relatives, defeated the
forces of Thibaut II of Blois, who was allied with King Lothair.
Comte Richard suppressed the rebellion of Rodulf ‘Torta’, who was banished and
fled to Paris.
and the Vikings re-captured Evreux.
‘the fearless’ made a pact with King Lothair at Gisors; ending 4 years of war
in the province.
began using the title ‘marchio Normannorum’ [Marquis des Normandy] in the
charter by which King Lothair re-established the community of Mont St-Michel.
(S) The Normans, Crouch, 2006, P19.
I recognized Duke Hugh Capet [his brother-in-law] as his overlord.
Hugh and Count Richard restored the lands of the abbey of St-Denis. (S) The
Normans, Crouch, 2006, P20.
died without surviving children; her effects given to the poor and the
[–––Richard & Gunnora–––]
Richard married 2nd Gunnora [his mistress, d/o a forester] with the
approval of his barons.
Cathedral of Chartres burned during hostilities between Duke Richard and
Thibaut II of Blois. (S) French Cathedrals, Winkles, 1837, P66.
Richard I began the church of Benedictines at Saint Ouen [destroyed by fire in
1136]. (S) Arch. Tour in Normandy, Knight, 1836, P26.
Richard’s nemesis, Thibaut II of Blois died.
I helped reconcile Arnulf II of Flanders with King Lothair. (S) Friends, Family
and Allies, Tanner, 2004, P41.
Richard I installed a community of clergy at Fecamp [a 7th century
monastery that had been used as a prison. Richard had recruited Mayeul of
Cluny, who declined saying the Normans were ‘barbaric and savage men, who
destroy rather than build holy temples.’]
Lothair, without Duke Hugh’s input, made a peace agreement with King Otto II of
Germany. Duke Hugh called all his vassals together, including Count Richard, to
address the terms of the agreement.
12/7/983, Otto II King of Germany died; leaving a
3-year old as his successor. King Lothair attacked Lotharingia; but Duke Hugh
and Count Robert refused to participate.
6/8/986, Louis V ‘the Lazy’ succeeded King Lothair of the West Franks.
987, Dudo of St.-Quentin, a monk from Vermandois, and a visitor to
Richard’s court, described him as an old man, tall, thick eyebrows and a long
white beard. (S) The Normans, Crouch, 2006, P22.
7/3/987, Hugh [Capet] succeeded Louis V [Carolingian] as King of the
988, Dudo of
St.-Quentin sent by Albert, the count of Vermandois, to Richard I of Normandy requesting that he intercede on
Albert’s behalf with King Hugh Capet. (S) Religion , Text and Society, Burman,
I self-styled himself as ‘count and consul’ in a charter to Fecamp.
Richard agreed to a non-aggression pact with Æthelred II King of England to
prevent either side from sheltering Viking marauders. (S) Swein Forkbeard’s
Invasions, Howard, 2003, P55. [991, Pope John XV wrote about this reconcilation
in a letter.]
Fulk Nerra, with King Hugh of France, Bouchard of Vendome, and Richard, count
of Normandy, in capturing Melun and Chateaudun [where the defeated were treated
Richard allied with Conan I of Rennes (3025764386).
Richard commissioned Dudo of St.-Quentin to write a history of the rulers of
Normandy. (S) Medieval Scandinavia, Pulsiano, 1993, P144. [Richard’s
illegitimate son Rodulf – ‘Raoul d’Ivry’, is named as ‘the relator of this
Richard became sick and died at Bayeux; buried at Fecamp.
‘Duke Richard [II]’ donated property to the abbey of Mont Saint-Michel,
subscribed by ‘Gonnor matris comitis.’
Foundation for Medieval Genealogy. (S) Fulk Nerra, Bachrach, 1993. (S)
Architectural Antiquities of Normandy, Cotman, 1822. (S) Dukes of Normandy,
Duncan, 1839. (S) Companion to the Anglo-Norman World, Harper-Bill, 2007. (S)
Imaging the Sacred Past, Herrick, 2007.
of Richard and Emma:
i. Emma of Normandy, born ~985 in Normandy.
1002, Emma married King Aethelred II of England (3025764408). [See King
Aethelred for her life details.]
of Richard and Mistress Gunnora:
iii. Richard II of Normandy (1512882192), born ~975
iv. Maud of Normandy, born ? in Normandy.
Maud married to Eudes II, count of Blois, gs/o Thibaut II of Blois [no
born in Brittany, s/o of §§Comte
Judicaël de Rennes & Ctss Gerberge de Hunebourg.
~960, Ermengarde born in Brittany, d/o 3025764352. Comte Geoffrey of
Anjou & 3025764353. Ctss Adela de Meaux.
By 970, Conan’s father died.
973, Conan I
married to Ermengarde [Conan’s 2nd marriage].
988, Conan I
of Rennes killed Count Guerech of Nantes [succeeded by his son Alan.]
I of Rennes seized Nantes, a city of Fulk’s (1512882176, brother of Ermengarde)
ally Alan, Count of Nantes, who was killed in the attack. Conan crowned himself
Duke of Brittany.
7/28/990, Conan gave the lands of Villamée, Lillele and Passille to
992, 992, Duke Richard I of Normandy (3025764384) allied with Conan I
Fulk of Anjoudefeated and killed Conan
I of Rennes in open combat at the battle of Conquereuil [about 40 miles north
of Nantes]. Conan prepared defenses, digging of pits and filling them with
water. Conan also built a rampart across the field, protected on either side by
swampy ground. Fulk’s initial attack failed. Fulk called on his reserve forces,
[he had a larger army] which won the battle. [Fulk did penance “for the great
slaughter of Christians which occurred on the plain”.]
of Conan and ?:
i. Geoffrey de Bretagne, born ~970 in Brittany
992, Geoffrey succeeded his father.
7/20/1008, Geoffrey died. [Conan I’s parentage confirmed by the Chronico Sancti Michaelis which
records the death of his grandson ‘Gaufridus Dux Britanniæ filius Conani filii Juhelli
Alain III of Brittany (b.997, d.10/1/1040).
of Conan and Ermengarde:
ii. Judith de Bretagne (1512882193), born ~980 in
3025764392. Comte Arnolf II of Flanders &
3025764393. Ctss Rosalie di Ivrea
9/12/954, King Lothair succeeded King Louis IV as King
of the West Franks.
Arunlf’s parents married: ‘Baldwin [III], in the flower of youth most
distinguished, with recently betrothed wife named Matilda, of Saxon descent,
distinguished equally by nobility.’
Rosalie born in Italy, d/o §§King Berenger II of Italy (d.8/4/966).[Rosalie educated
at the imperial palace in Germany.]
born in Flanders, s/o §§Comte Baldwin
III (b.~935, d.962 before his
father) of Flanders & Ctss
Matilda Billung of Saxony.
Arnolf’s father died of smallpox.
Arnulf’s grandfather, §§Comte Arnulf I of Flanders& Ctss Adele
of Vermandois (b.~915, d.960 in Bruges) offered King Lothair the lands of
Artois up to the Lys, Douai, and Ostrevant; for his protection of the
succession of his infant grandson. [Arnulf I had William Longsword (6051528768)
assassinated in 942. ]
‘Arnulfus, filius Balduini ex Matilde’ succeeded his grandfather as count of
Flanders. [Arnulf’s younger brother Adalulf received Ternois, Boulonais and the
lay abbacy of Saint Bertin.]
betrothed to Rosalie [known as Suzanne in Flanders].
Gerberga (d.984), mother of King Lothar, in a charter returned the vill of
Meersen to St. Remi of Reims ‘per manus fidelis advocati nostri Comitis
‘Godefridi comitis, Ingelberti advocati, Arnulfi junioris marchysi’ signed the
charter by which ‘Theodericus comes’ donated ‘Frilingim in pago Flandrensi’ to
Saint-Pierre de Gand.
‘Arnulfus … marchysus’ confirmed the possession of ‘Harnas … in pago Seirbiu’
to Saint-Pierre de Gand.
Arnulf’s guardian, his father’s first cousin, Baudouin Baldzo [de Boulogne]
made himself Comte de Courtrai.
‘Arnulfi … junioris marchysi, Herimanni comitis filiis Godefridi comitis,
Wiggeri, Ingelberti advocati’ signed the charter by which ‘Godefridus comes et
uxor sua Mathildis’ made donations to Saint-Pierre de Gand.
‘Arnulfo juniore marchyso’ signed the charter by which ‘Theodericus comes et
uxor sua Hildegardis’ madedonations to
Saint-Pierre de Gand.
reached majority and took control of his lands in succession struggle [killing
one of his nephews in rebellion.]
Arnulf II of Flanders and Godfrey of Verdun attacked Hainaut.
and Godfrey besieged and captured Castrilocum (Mons).
I helped reconcile Arnulf II of Flanders with King Lothair and the surviving
Lothair invaded Artois. King Lothair, to keep Arnulf neutral in the conflict,
restored Arras and Artois to him.
Hugh Capet captured Montreuil from Arnulf II of Flanders.
12/7/983, Holy Roman Emperor Otto II of Germany died;
leaving a 3-year old as his successor. King Lothair attacked Lotharingia.
Verdun, Arnulf’s step-father and half-brother were captured by King Lothair.
3/2/986, King Lothair succeeded by his son King louis
II of Flanders performed homage to King Louis V.
7/3/987, Hugh [Capet] succeeded Louis V [Carolingian]
as King of France. Arnolf helped King Hugues of France sieze power.
Arnolf died; buried in Gent [Belgium].
[Baldwin IV] ‘Baldwinus marchysus cum matre sua Susanna’ donated ‘villam
Aflingehem … jacentem in pago Tornacinse’ to Saint-Pierre de Gand.
married 2nd Robert II (1512882198). Rosalie was given
Montreuil-sur-Mer by the county of Flanders as her dowry.
returned to Flanders and became and advisor to her son Baldwin.
‘Susanna regina cum filio suo Baldwino’ donated ‘alodem suum … Atingehem … et
in Testereph’ to Saint-Pierre de Gand, for the soul of ‘filie sue Mathildis’.
regina … cum filio suo Baldwino’ donated ‘alodem suum … in pago Flandrensi … in
Holtawa … in Fresnere … in Clemeskirca … in Jatbeka … in Sclefteta’ to
Saint-Pierre de Gand.
Rosalie died; buried at St. Peter, Ghent.
Foundation for Medieval Genealogy. (S) Friends, Family and Allies, Tanner,
2004. (S) Creating the Monastic Past, Uge, 2005.
§§Maud Billung, d/o §§Conrad
I of Saxony.
of Arnoulf and Rosale:
i. Baldwin IV of Flanders (1512882196), born 979 in