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Friday, June 19, 2020

Baron Gilbert Malet

1080754272. Baron Gilbert Malet

~1050, Gilbert born in Normandy, France, s/o 2161508544. William Malet & 2161508545. Heselia Crispin.

3/20/1066, Haley’s comet appeard in the sky at its closest point to earth, and was interpreted as an evil omen.

10/14/1066, Gilbert at the battle of Hastings [indirect evidence from the fact that he held land in the Domesday survey under his brother Robert.]

10/25/1066, William I crowned King of England

1069, Gilbert, with his father, mother and sister, were among the few spared by the Danes and English from the slaughter of the garrison the Castle of York.

~1071, Gilbert’s father died; his older brother Robert succeeding.

1072, Gilbert’s mother died.

Gilbert [probably] married either a sister or a d/o Roger de Corcelle, and his son Robert inherited the property of his mother. (S) Previous land ownership of Roger: now known as  “Shepton Mallet” and “Curry Mallet”; & Gilbert’s change in Coat of Arms – which usually went with the acquisition of property through an heiress.

1086, Gilbert is listed in the Domesday Book. He holds land under his brother Robert. Hubert de Malet also holds land in the same village as Gilbert. The Malet’s hold no land in Somerset.

Gilbert died in Somerset.

(S) Notices of an English Branch of the Malet Family, Arthur Malet, 1885, PP68-72, App. B2, FF, GG.

Family notes:

·         Gilbert is named in his sister Beatrice Malet’s gift of Radingfield to the Monastery of Eye.

Child of Gilbert and ?:
i. Robert Malet (540377136), born ~1082 in Curry Mallet, Somerset, England.

King Henry I Capet of France & Queen Anne of Kiev

1272928372. King Henry I Capet of France & 1272928373. Queen Anne of Kiev

5/4/1008, Henry born in Reims, France, s/o 1512882198. King Robert II “the pious” & 1512882199. Constance of Arles.

1/25/1016, Henry created Duke of Burgundy by his father.

9/17/1025, Henry’s older brother and co-King Hugh died [possibly from a fall from a horse.] Henry’s mother Constance did not support his succession, favoring her 3rd son Robert.

5/14/1027 at Notre-Dame, Reims, Henry I crowned King while his father was still living [‘rex designatus’, which would continue as a house-of-Capet tradition.]

1029-30, Henry and his brother Robert rebelled against their father.

1030, ‘Raynaldi comitis, Adheleys uxoris eius’ subscribed the charter by which ‘Robertus regis Roberti filius et regis Henrici filii eius germanus … Burgundie Dux’ restored property to Cluny.

1030, A 3-year famine began in Europe.

7/20/1031, Henry succeeded his father on his death at Melun.

1031-2, Henry’s mother, Queen Constance, having allied nobles against the king, took control of several important towns in dower inlcuding Senlis, Sens, Bethisy, Dammartin, Le Puiset, Melun and Poissy.

By 1032, Anne born in Kiev [Russia], d/o 2545856746. Yaroslav I of Kiev & 2545856747. Ingegerd Olofsdotter of Sweden.

1032, Henry made his younger brother Robert the Duke of Burgundy.

7/28/1032, Henry’s mother died.

1032, King Henry, at Fecamp, receives homage from his brother Duke Robert, who also gets the Vexin. (S) Ecclesiastical History, Vitalis.

7/1032, Henry, after appointing Gelduin as bishop of Sens, who was opposed by Odo, count of Blois, besieged [but did not take] the town of Sens.

[–––Henry & Matilda I–––]

4/1033, King Henry met with King Conrad II in Deville on the Meuse. (S) Papal Reform, Robinson, 2004, P124.

5/1033, King Henry, age 25, betrothed to Matilda, age 6, d/o Emperor Conrad II.

1033, Queen Constance gave half of Sens to Odo, count of Blois, which Odo occupied. Duke Robert of Normandy came to Henry’s assistance. Others supporting Henry were Fulk Nerra of Anjou and Baldwin of Flanders. Fulk defeated the Blesevins at Gournay and Clairvix. Count Odo had to seek a peace agreement. Henry beseiged his mother Queen Constance at Poissy, but she escaped.

1033, Henry and Queen Constance reconciled.

1034, Casmir of Pland given refuge in Paris by King Henry. [In 1041 Casmir would return to Poland as King Casmir I and marry the aunt of King Henry’s future bride.]

1034-37, King Henry in conflict with Count Odo of Blois.

1034, Henry’s mother Queen Constance died; buried at St. Denis.

1034, Matilda, age 7, died; buried at Worms cathedral.

[–––Henry & Matilda II–––]

1034, Henry married Matilda, d/o Luidolf, Margrave of Frisia.

1/1035, Duke William’s father, leaving on pilgrimage, sent William to the court of King Henry I of France in Paris.

1035, King Henry summoned a council of all the bishops in France to address the ‘heresy of Berengarius.’ (S) History of the Church, V4, Pise, 1829, P71.

1036, The “Peace of God” proclaimed in southern and eastern France by sybods of the clergy.

1037, Count Odo of Blois killed at the battle of Bar-sur-Aube.

1038, King Henry I of France gave a royal confirmation to the re-incorporation of Anglicourt, Saint-Vaast. (S) Monastic Reform, Vanderputten, 2013, P107.

6/4/1039, Conrad II, King of Germany, died; succeeded by Henry III. King Henry of France put claims on Burgundy.

1040, King Henry besieged and destroyed the Norman outpost of Tillieres-sur-Avre [land of Duke William], held by Gilbert Crispin for Blois.

1041, A rebellion began in an attempt to depose King Henry. Henry’s younger brother Odo, aligned with Waleran, count of Meulan, and Ralph, count of Amiens headed the revolt. Henry captured Odo and Ralph and imprisoned them. Waleran of Meulan sought refuge with the Beaumonts.

12/1042, King Henry of France met King Henry III of Germany near Ivois on the French border. King Henry of France gave up his claims to Burgundy.

1043, Henry sent ambassadors to England to congradulate Edward the Confessor succeeding as king. [Edward had been in exile in Normandy where he and King Henry had become friends.]

1043, King Henry entered Normandy chasing rebels from Ile-de-France who took refuge there, led by Waleran, count of Meulan.

1043, Geoffrey Martel, supported by King Henry of France, began a siege of Tours.

1044, Matilda died in childbirth; buried in Paris at Saint Denis. [A daughter survived for 4 years.]

Aft. 1044, Henry had sent emissaries all over Europe looking for a suitable bride – especially one that was not closely related. [Henry sent the Bishop of Meaux to Kiev, Russia, an almost unknown city/country. He would return with Anne.]


1046, King Henry of France vested Duke William [the Conqueror] as a knight.

1046, King Henry invaded Lorraine while Holy Roman Emperor Henry III [King of Germany] was away in Rome. [King Henry did not push far before returning to France.]

8/1047, William, duke of Normandy, age 20, with the help of King Henry I of France, suppressed a revolt of his vassals at the battle of Val-es-Dunes near Caen on the river Orne. The revolt was led by Guy de Brionne of Burgundy.

1048, Duke William accompanied King Henry on a campaign against Count Geoffrey of Anjou. (S) William: King and Conqueror, Hagger, 2012, P182.

1048, King Henry of France and Henry III of Lorraine met at Ivois and signed a peace treaty. King Henry was able to retain a part of Lorraine.

1048 at Senlis, Duke William and Count Baldwin attested a charter of King Henry of France.

1049, King Henry of France and Duke William of Normandy supported Thibaut of Blois and Champagne in a campaign against Geoffrey of Gatinais, Count of Anjou. (S) Battle Conference, 1993, P108.

1049, King Henry, with the support of Duke William, captured Mouliherne near Anges in Anjou against the forces of Geoffrey Martel. Geoffrey retaliated by taking Ste-Maure.

[–––Henry & Anne–––]

1050, in Paris, At a council held by Henry, king of France, supported Pope Leo IX’s opinion condeming Berengarius. (S) Institutes of Ecclesiastical History, Moshem, 1841, P380.

5/19/1051, Henry married 3rd Anne. Anne brought a gem stone, the “Hyacinth” [later presented by King Louis VI to St. Denis cathedral.] Anne was able to sign her name to the wedding documents.

9/1051, King Edward of England exiled Godwin, earl of Wessex. King Henry  and Baldwin of Flanders sent emissaries to King Edward in support of Godwin.

1051, Duke William married King Henry’s niece Matilda. [Note at this time King Henry still did not have an heir.]

1052, King Henry “radially reversed his system of alliances.” Geoffrey Martel became a strong ally. Their primary objective in the alliance was the growing power of Duke William.

9/20/1052 at Vitry-aux-Loges, Duke William at King Henry’s court. Duke William unsuccessfully sought a truce with King Henry of France.

1053, King Henry supported the revolt of William, count of Arques, against Duke William [William the count, the uncle of William the duke.]

10/25/1053, Forces loyal to Duke William defeated forces of King Henry near Saint-Aubin, who were attempting to reach Arques. [King Henry’s vassal, Count Enguerrand of Ponthieu, died in the battle.]

2/20/1054, Anne’s father died.

2/1054, Duke William had to repel the forces of King Henry I invading Normandy from the east, while the King’s brother Odo invaded from the west. William divided his forces and took his part against King Henry. Of the other armies, Duke William’s won the battle of Mortemer. After hearing this, King Henry retreated to St-Denis.

1055, The Count of Sens died; King Henry took over the city.

5/1056, Henry met with Holy Roman Emperor Henry III over right’s to Lorraine. Henry I challenged Henry III to single combat; but Henry III escaped during the night.

10/5/1056, Holy Roman Emperor Henry III died.

8/1057, Duke William defeated the forces of King Henry at the battle of Varaville on the coast. William had waited until the invading forces were half on each side of a bridge to launch a surprise attack on one half.

1058,  Henry, king of France, protects the abbey of Saint-Maur- des-Fossés from his own cooks' pressure tactics when acquiring the abbey’s cattle for the royal table. Subscribed by Queen Anne, and sons Philip and Robert. (S) When Ego Was Imago, Bedow-Rezak, 2010, P-XII.

1058, King Henry I of France castrated prisoners he took in wars with the Greeks. (S) Sex, Arnott, 2010.

1059, King Henry made a final brief campaign into Normandy.

5/23/1059. King Henry crowned his son Philip at Reims.

10/1059, Peter Damian, writing for Pope Nicholas II wrote to Anne to thank her for her charitable donations. (S) Letters, V3, Damian, 1992, P21.

1060, at Dreux, King Henri confirmed the foundation of the priory of Saint-Germain de Brezolles.

8/4/1060, King Henry died after an illness in Virty-en-Brie, France; buried in Sainte Denis Basilica. [Shortly after the death of Henry, king of France, a comet with a long tail appeared in the morning. (S) Practical Astronomy, V1, Chambers, 1889, P574.]


1060-66, Queen Anne ruled as regent [the 1st Queen to do so] during the minority of Philip. In a charter Philip states “I assume royal power cojointly with my mother.” King Henry’s brother-in-law, Baldwin V of Flanders, was her primary advisor and guardian of Philip. [In a charter Baldwin is called “head of the royal palace”.]

1062, Anne married 2nd Count Ralph III of Valois; who had repudiated his wife. Accussed of adultery, the couple were excommunicated.

3/20/1066, Haley’s comet appeard in the sky at its closest point to earth, and was interpreted as an evil omen.

5/1066, King Philip reached his majority and took over rule of France.

1067, The marriage of Anne and Ralph dissolved.

By 1069, Anne founded a house for canons at Senlis.

1069, ‘Rodulphus … Ambianensis comes’ donated property to Sainte-Marie d'Amiens, subscribed by ‘Anna uxor eius’.

9/1074, Ralph died; Anne returned to the French court of her son Philip, who forgave his mother.

1075, Anne, “mater regis”, confirmed a royal gift. (S) Kevan Russia, Vernadsky, 1973, P343.

Bef. 9/5/1075, Anne died; buried at Villieers Abbey, La-Ferte-Alais, Essonne.

(S) Memoires of the Queens of France, V1, Bush, 1843. (S) The Capetians, Bradbury, 2007. (S) Foundation for Medieval Genealogy.

Children of Henry and Anne:

i. Philip I Capet (756441480), born 5/23/1052 in France.

ii. Hugh de Vermandois (636464186), born 1053 in France.

Comte Herbert VI of Vermandois & Ctss Adele of Valois

1272928374. Comte Herbert VI of Vermandois & 1272928375. Ctss Adele of Valois

~1025, Herbert born in France, s/o §§Comte Odo of Vermandois & Ctss Pavie ?.

~1035, Adele born in France, heiress & d/o §§Comte Raoul of Valois and Cressy.

5/25/1045, Herbert heir to his father.

1/1046, ‘Comes Heribertus’ names ‘materque mea Pavia … pater meus Otto, eius genitrix, avia mea Ermengardis’ donated property to Notre-Dame de Homblières.

~1055, Herbert married Adele.

1066, Herbert of Vermandois came with William the Conqueror to England.

1076, ‘Heribertus ... Viromanduorum comes’ confirmed donations to Saint-Prix made by ‘prædecessor noster Albertus.’

1077, Adele’s father died.

1077, Hugh succeeded as Comte de Valois in right of his wife.

1079, ‘Herbertus Vermandensium et Vadascorum comes’ donated property to the church of Saint-Quentin and others, with the consent of ‘Alide coniugis meæ.’

1080, Hugh died [having disinherited his only son Eudes.]

(S) The Record of the House of Gournay, Gurney, 1845. (S) Foundation for Medieval Genealogy.

i. Hubert of Vermandois, born ? in France.

Hubert “an idiot”, did not succeed.

ii. Adele of Vermandois (636464187), born ~1057 in France.

[Carolingian. See (9876543210).]

Seigneur Ralph de Gael

1272928376. Seigneur Ralph de Gael

~1010, Ralph ‘the Staller’ born in France.

1031-2, ‘Radulphus Anglicus’ witnessed charters of Alain, Duke of Brittany.

1055, Ralph the ‘Minister’ signed a charter.

1060, Ralph, ‘Regis Dapifer’, witnessed a charter of King Edward the Confessor.

1062, Ralph ‘Regis Aulicus’ witnessed a charter.

12/25/1066, William the Conqueror succeeded Edgar the Aethling as King of England.

3/1068, Ralph with his son attended the court of William the Conqueror.

1068-69, Ralph, a royal ‘Staller’ died, hold extensive estates in Norfolk and Suffolk, Seigneur de Gaël, in Brittany.

Child of Ralph and ?:

i. Ralph de Gael (636464188), born bef. 1040 in France.

Steward William fitz Osbern & Lady Adeliza de Tony

1272928378. Steward William fitz Osbern & 1272928379. Lady Adeliza de Tony

~1010, William born in France, s/o §§Steward Osbern de Crepon & Lady Emma d’Ivry. [Osbern was one of future William the Conqueror’s murdered guardians when he was young.]

~1025, Adeliza born in France, d/o 319834120. Roger of Tosny & 319834121. Godeheut ?.

Aft. 1035, ‘Willelmus et frater eius Osbernus’ donated land,and revenue from land to the abbey of Sainte-Trinité at Rouen, with the consent of ‘matre eorum Emma’, for the soul of ‘patris sui Osberni cognomento Pacifici.’

[–––William & Adeliza–––]

Adeliza married William fitz Osbern.

1040, Duke William’s wardship given to Gilbert of Brionne. [A succession of guardians died – William the Conqueror is said to have been raised by William fitz Osbern, Roger de Beaumont, and Roger de Montgomery.]

1046, ‘Willelmo filio Osberni et … Ælicia eius uxore filia Rogeri de Thoneio’ founded the abbey of Lyre.

1050, William fitz Osbern in custody of the forest of Brionne. (S) Anselm of Bec, Vaughn, 1987, P35.

1050-1, William fitz Osbern gave the Abbey of Lyre half the tithes of his mares at Glos-la-Ferriere, not far from Saint-Evroul. (S) From Alfred the Great, Davis, 1991, P74.

1051, William appointed Steward to Duke William. (S) Handbook of British Chronology, Pryde, 1996, P73.

1052, Duke William unsuccessfully sought a truce with King Henry of France.

2/1054, Duke William had to repel the forces of King Henry I of France invading Normandy from the east, while the King’s brother Odo invaded from the west. William divided his forces and took his part against King Henry.

1054, ‘Guillelmi filii Osberni’ witnessed a charter of Duke William of Normandy confirming a donation to the abbey of Mont-Saint-Michel.

Bef. 1055, Duke William gave William the new castle at Breteuil on the Iton [a tributary of the Eure], to defend against King Henry’s fortress at Tillieres. (S) History of the Norman Conquest, Freeman, 1875, P163.

1055, Ansfred, s/o Osbern the vicomte, in a grant to Holy Trinity, Rouen, did so with the consent of ‘my lords Emma, the wife of Osbern the Steward, and her sons William and Osbern.’ (S) William the Conqueror, Douglas, 1999.

1057, In England, Harold Godwinson became Earl of Hereford [Later held by William]. (S) Earthwork Castles, Phillips, 2006, P14.

By 1058, Roger de Montgomery; with Hugh, bishop of Lisieux; Richard, vicomte of the Avranchin; and William fitz Osbern, subscribed a charter of Duke William. (S) William the Conqueror, Douglas, 1999.

1058, Duke William and Harold the Saxon [Godwinson] visited Mont Saint Michel. (S) Sacred Places in Europe, 2007, P101.

1060, William founded the monastery of Corneilles.

1060, Guillelmus filius Osberti [William] and Guillelmus filius Guillelmi filiii Osberti [and William his son] witnessed the charter by which William, duke of Normandy, granted Brenerias to the abbey of Bayeux.

8/4/1060, King Henry I of France died; succeeded by King Philip I, age 8.

8/29/1060, ‘Willelmus filius Osberti’ witnessed a charter of his brother Richard of a donation to Chartres Saint-Pere.

Aft. 3/1062, Duke William invaded the county of Maine.

1062, Humphrey de Bohun with Duke William at the Hogue de Biville, along with Roger de Montgomery and William, son of Osbern.

1064, Duke William invaded Brittany.

1064, Earl Harold Godwinson of Wessex and Hereford, shipwrecked off France, was taken to William who made him swear to his succession.

1/5/1066, King Edward the Confessor of England died; succeeded by Harold Godwinson of Wessex and Hereford.

3/20/1066, Haley’s comet appeard in the sky at its closest point to earth, and was interpreted as an evil omen.

1066, William Fitz-Osbern urged action by Duke William, who sent an embassy to King Harold [the message sent is unknown.] (S) Reign of Harold, Freeman, 1869, P260.

9/1066, Duke William on the eve of the invasion had his son Robert confirm to the abbey of Marmoutier all the property which he himself had given. Witnesses: Roger de Montgomery, William fitz Osbern, William his son, Roger de Beaumont, Hugh de Grandmesnil, … (S) Norman Conquest: Sources and Documents, Brown, 1984, P143.

1066, William provided 60 ships for the invasion of England.

9/27/1066, Duke William sailed his forces from Valery-sur-Somme, landing at Pevensey Bay in England.

10/14/1066, William fought at the battle of Hastings, commanding the right wing.

10/25/1066, William the Conqueror crowned King of England.

1066, ‘Erchenbaldo filio Erchenbaldi vicecomitis, on the point of leaving ‘ultra mare’, donated property to Sainte-Trinité de Rouen, with the consent of ‘rege Anglorum et duce Normannorum Guillelmo’, signed by ‘Willelmi filii Osberni, Emmæ matris eius, Ansfredi filii Athlæ.’

1066, William the Conqueror made ‘Guillaume le fitz Osber’ and Roger de Montgomery his Marshalls of England.

1066-7, William created the Earl of Hereford. [William was also acting as an Earl in Somerset, Hampshire and Gloucestershire. William owned lands in Dorset, Berkshire, Worcestershire, and Oxfordshire. Most of these had belong to Earl Harold before the conquest, suggesting that William may have succeeded to the earldom of Wessex.]

2/21/1067, King William left ‘Willelmum filium Osberni quem in Herefordensi provincia comitum’ when he went to Normandy. [William the viceroy of England while King William was away until the end of the year.]

1067, William resided at Winchester, Hampshire, the seat of the royal treasure.

1067, William suppressed the rebellion of ‘Eadric the Wild’ in Herefordshire, who had allied himself with the Welsh and attack the castle of Hereford.

1068, ‘Willelmus comes filius Osberni dapiferi [steward of the king]’ made donations to Sainte-Trinite de Rouen, confirmed by his son William of Breteuil.

1068, King William appointed William as his regent in England when he returned to Normandy.

1069, Earl William witnessed a number of charters of King William.

8/1069, Danes invaded England, landing at Norwich. William helped suppress the invasion. [William had been assigned Norwich, but was no longer in charge.] (S) English Historical Review, 1922, P17.

2/17/1070, William, with approval of the King, siezed treasures from monasteries in England.

1070, William fitz Osbern dispatched to Normandy by King William to act as guardian of Count Baldwin of Flanders’ son Arnulf, who became the King’s stepson.

~1070, Adeliza died.


Aft. 6/1070, William married 2nd Ctss Richilde (1512883265). [No children.]

1071, King William appointed William as regent in Normandy.

1071, William fitz Osbern, earl of Hereford, placed his brother-in-law Ralph de Tosny in charge of the frontier district of Clifford-on-Wye in south Wales. (S) Age of Conquest: Wales, Davies, 2000, P82.

2/22/1071, William killed at the Battle of Cassel [northern France] supporting King Philip of France and the Count of Flanders; buried at the abbey of Corneilles. [The Count of Flanders also died in the battle.]

(S) Foundation for Medieval Genealogy. (S) The Capetians, Bradbury, 2007. (S) Battle Conference, 1990, P215-7.

Family notes:

1024, A ‘Willerinus fil. Osberni’ appears in a charter. (S) History of England Under the Norman Kings, Lappenberg, 1857, P155.

Children of William and Adeliza:

i. William of Breteuil (2555189250), born ~1040 in Normandy.

ii. Roger of Breteuil, born ~1045 in Normandy.

1071, Roger inherited the lands in England, becoming the earl of Hereford.

1074, Roger went into rebellion against King William.

1075, Roger, earl of Hereford, conspired with his brother-in-law Raoul de Gaël Earl of Norfolk at Exning, Cambridgeshire, at the marriage of his sister, against King William.

1075, Roger’s rebellion failed, Roger imprisoned for the rest of his life.

1087, Roger died. [Released when near death from prison, likely by King William Rufus.]

iii. Emma of Hereford (636464189), born ~1055  in Normandy.

Earl Ascelin Gouel & Countess Isabella de Breteuil

1277594624. Earl Ascelin Gouel & 1277594625. Countess Isabella de Breteuil

~1055, Ascelin born in Breherval, Normandy, France, s/o §§Seigneur Robert de Breherval & Dame Hildeburgis de Gallardon.

8/4/1060, Philip I succeeded as King of France.

~1065, Isabella born in Normandy, France, natural d/o 2555189250. William of Breteuil & 2555189251. Adeline de Montfort-sur-Risle.

10/25/1066, in London, William I [the Conqueror] crowned King of England.

1083, Ascelin’s father, having returned to Normandy where he became a monk in the abbey of Bec, died of an illness.

1086, Ascelin Gouel [de Percheval] held Richmont castle in England of Geffrey, bishop of Constances. (S) Proceedings – Somerset, V52, 1907, P81.

7/1087, King William led an expedition against Vexin after attacks by King Philip of France, capturing Chaumont, Pontoise, and Mantes. Ascelin commanded the Norman forces at the siege of Mante.

9/26/1087, William Rufus crowned King of England; succeeding William the Conqueror. His elder brother Robert became Duke of Normandy.

1088-89, Robert, count of Meulan, claimed the southeast-Norman frontier castle of Ivry-la-Bataille in right of his father. The castle was held by William of Breteuil.

1089, ‘Ascelinus cognomento Goellus’ captured ‘arcem Ibreii’ from ‘Guillelmo Bretoliensi domino suo’ and surrendered it to Duke Robert fo Normandy, who resold it back to Guillaume de Breteuil for ‘MD libras’, triggering a lengthy war.

2/1090, William of Breteuil defeated by the forces of Roger de Toeni and Ascelin Gouel in which William and many other nobles were taken captive.

6/1090, Ascelin released William of Breteuil for a ransom of 3000 livres, and the agreements that Ascelin would marry his daughter, and Roger de Tony, his cousin, would be named his heir, and he had to give the castle of Yvery to Ascelin.

[––Ascelin & Isabella––]

1090, Ascelin married Isabella.

1091, William of Breteuil fortified the monastery of St. Mary, near Yvery. [Roger de Tony and many other nobles had left on crusade.]

2/1091, Ascelin Gouel found an ally in Richard de Montfort after his brother Amaury de Montfort was killed by forces of  William of Breteuil. (S) Robert Curthose, Aird, 2011, P130.

7/1091, Ascelin Gouel captured the fortified monastery of St. Mary.

1092, Robert of Belleme arranged a [short-lived] peace agreement between William de Bretevil and Ascelin Gouel. (S) Sussex County Mag., V11, 1937, P709.

1093-94, William of Breteuil and Ascelin Gouel continued to wage war.

1094, William of Breteuil paid 700 livres to King Philip of France for his aid against Ascelin Gouel. [William also supported by the clergy.]

1095, William of Breteuil commanded a great force besieged Ascelin Gouel at Breherval. Robert de Belesme was another commander of the siege forces.

1095, After a 2-month siege, a peace agreement restored the castle of Yvery to William of Bretevil [which Ascelin would eventually get in right of his wife]; Ascelin kept the castle of Breherval.

1097, Duke Robert of Normandy left on the 1st crusade to the holy lands with many knights and nobles.

1099, King William of Rufus of England died. Younger brother Henry rode quickly to London to be crowned King of England, usurping the possible succession of eldest brother Duke Robert of Normandy.

8/5/1100, Henry I crowned King of England.

1/12/1102, William of Breteuil died; buried at the monastery of Lire.

1102, Ascelin contended with a natural son of William [Eustace de Pacy, married to Juliane, d/o King Henry of England], as well as his nephews [William de Gauder – died soon after, and Rainold de Craceio] succession to William’s lands and titles.

1102, Robert de Beaumont, earl of mellent, [who had been expeled from England by King Henry] supported Eustace de Pacy in his succession battle for the Breteuil inheritance.

1102, Ascelin Goel; William, count of Evreux; Ralph de Tosny; and Amaury de Montfort all supported the succession of Rainold de Craceio [Raginald de Grancey] against Eustace. Ascelin captured Earl Robert’s son Stephen. Then the Earl of Mellent killed Rainold de Craceio in battle. A peace agreement was finally arranged. (S) Battle Conference, 1987, P107.

1104-6, King Henry of England made multiple campaigns in Normandy. William, count of Evreux, switched allegiance. King Henry captured Robert fitz Hamon; torched Bayeux; captured Caen, which held the Norman treasury; laid siege to Falaise; and captured the abbey of Saint-Pierre-sur-Dives.

9/23/1106, Duke Robert of Normandy was captured by his brother King Henry I of England at the battle of Tinchebrai, Normandy [and was imprisoned for the rest of his life]. King Henry succeeded as Duke of Normandy; reuniting control as his father had at the conquest.

8/3/1108, Louis VI crowned King of France.

Bef. 7/1113, During a visit of King Henry to Normandy, Ascelin Gouel of Yvery witnessed a royal confirmation to the abbey of Utique.

1116, ‘Hildeburgis mater Goelli de Ibriaco [Ascelin]’ donated property to the abbey of Saint-Martin de Pontoise with the consent of ‘Goellus … uxoremque suam Isabel [wife] filiosque suos Willelmum atque Robertum’ [sons].

[Undated], Ascelin made gifts to Saint Evroul. (S) Battle Conference, 1979, P63.

2/1119, Asceline with King Henry I in the siege to the castle of Breteuil.

1119, Ascenlin made Earl of Yvery in Normandy, France, by King Henry I of England; which included the castles of Ivry, Breval and Anet, and the city of Saint-Andre [which at one time had been held by his kinsman Richard fitz Herluin, nephew of the  Count of Meulan.]

1119, Ascelin died. [Ascelin had a violent temper and was known as “Lupus”, the wolf.]

(S) A Genealogical History, Burke, 1866, P331. (S) Norman Frontier, Power, 2004, P207. (S) Peerage of England, Collins, 1812, P323. (S) Foundation for Medieval Genealogy. (S) Battle Conference, 1987, P106.

Family notes:

1066, §§Seigneur Robert de Breherval in the army of William the Conqueror.

Bef. 1083, Robert holding the lordships of Kary and Harpetre, Somerset; and the castle of Yvery by service of 3 knight’s fees.

§§Hildeburgis de Gallardon, d/o §§Seigneur Herve de Gallardon & Dame Beatrix ?.

..... §§Robert de Breherval, s/o §§Seigneur Robert d’Ivry & Dame Albreda of Bayeux [natural] d/o §§Hugues d'Ivry, Bishop of Bayeux.

By 1060, Robert d’Ivry died; Albreda married 2nd Albert de Cravent.

Child of Ascelin and ?:

i. Robert Gouel, born ~1080 in Normandy.

1118, Robert joined the Normandy rebellion against King Henry I of England.

Aft. 1119, Robert restored to the castle of Ivery by Henry I, King of England and Duke of Normandy.

1121, Robert died, succeeded by his brother William.

Children of Ascelin and Isabella:

ii. William of Yvery (638797312), born 1091-92 in Normandy. [2nd son.]

iii. John of Harpetre, born ? in England.

John received the manor of Harpetre from his father.

John ancestor of the Gournay families.

Baron Roger de Montgomery & Dame Josceline ?

1279328280. Baron Roger de Montgomery & 1279328281. Dame Josceline ?

~995, Roger born in France.

~1000, Josceline born in France.

By 1021, Roger married Josceline.

1022, Roger de Montgomery [a cousin of William the Conqueror] founded Troarn.

1031-2, Roger de Montgomery witnessed a charter of Robert I Duke of Normandy for the abbey of Saint Wandrille. (S) FMG.

By 1035, Roger de Montgomery restored to the Abbey of Jumièges the market at Vimoutiers which he had taken from the monks. (S) FMG.

1037, Roger de Montgomery exiled to Paris. [After his son William assassinated Osborne, the seneschal.]

1040, Alan of Brittany died; and wardship of William [the Conqueror] given to Gilbert of Brionne. [A succession of guardians died – William is said to have been raised by William fitz Osbern, Roger de Beaumont, and Roger de Montgomery.]

1045-48, The abbey of Jumieges paid Roger de Montgomery a horse worth £30, with a cuirass worth £7, for the land of one of his vassals who had become a monk. (S) Battle Conference, 1987, P77.

By 1048, Roger de Montgomery died.

Child of Roger and Josceline:

i. Roger de Montgomery (639664140), born 1022 in France.