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Thursday, May 20, 2010

Sir Thomas Parre & Alice Tunstall

369398. Sir Thomas Parre & 369399. Alice Tunstall    

1407, Thomas Parr born in Kendal, Lancashire, England, s/o 738796. John Parr & 738797. Agnes Crophull.

By 1407, Alice born in Lancashire, England, d/o 738798. Sir Thomas Tunstall & 738799. Isabel Harrington.

Bef. 10/6/1407, Thomas’ father died.

1408, Thomas’ father died; wardship was granted to his mother Agnes, Sir Thomas Beauford and Sir Thomas Brounflete.

7/9/1413, Thomas’ wardship surrendered to Sir Thomas Tunstall of Thurland Castle and others for 200 marks. [Future father-in-law, probably date of marriage arrangement to Alice.]

5/1/1422, Thomas heir of Thomas de Roos, knight. 9/2/1427, IPM of Katherine wife of John de Roos of Kendal: Thomas [de Roos] is now dead and right of reversion has descended to Thomas Parre, his kin and heir as the son of John (738796) son of Elizabeth (1477593) daughter of John (2955186) son of Thomas de Roos (5910372). (S) CIsPM, Noble, 2004, P6.

8/31/1422, Henry VI (an infant) succeeded Henry V as King of England.

11/9/1427, To escheator in Cumberland and Westmerland. Order to give Thomas de Par, son and heir of John de Par, seisin of his father's lands, and of lands of his heritage held for life by Katherine (2955187, great-grandmother) who was wife of John de Roos of Kendale; as he has proved his age before the escheator, and the king has taken his homage and fealty. (S) CCRs.

5/16/1428, Commitment to John Broghton, esquire, by mainprise of Thomas Parre of the county of Westmoreland, 'gentilman,' … (S) CFRs.

1429, Agnes signed her dower over to her son Thomas for a 40 mark allowance.

9/22/1429, Because there had been no meeting of the shire court, “sheriff, Sir Christopher Moresby, took it upon himself to make out a new return for the altered date, naming More and Thomas Parr as knights of the shire”.

2/12/1430, Commitment of the office of the escheatry to Thomas Par for the counties of Cumberland and Westmoreland, so that he answer at the Exchequer for the issues thereof. (S) CFRs.

[––Thomas & Alice––]

~1430, Thomas married Alice.

1432, Thomas JOP for Westmorland.

1434, Thomas JOP for Westmorland.

1435, Sir Christopher Moresby, a close friend and later in-law of Sir Thomas Parr.

By 1435, Thomas knighted.

1/29/1436, Thomas Par, Knight, on a commission to collect a subsidy in Westmoreland. (S) CFRs.

2/3/1436, Thomas’ mother Agnes died. [Thomas her heir age 28 years and upwards. (S) CIsPM.]

5/8/1436, Order to the escheator in the county of Westmoreland  … Agnes late the wife of John Par, esquire, held a third part of a fourth part of the manor of Kyrkebykendale on the day of her death in dower of the inheritance of Thomas Par, knight, son and heir of the said John Par sometime her husband … to take the fealty of the said Thomas and cause him to have full seisin … taken into the king's hand by the death of Agnes. (S) CFRs.

1437, Thomas JOP for Westmorland.

5/21/1438, Commitment to Thomas Parre, knight, granted the keeping of lands of deceased John, Duke of Bedford, for 10 years in Westmoreland and Lancaster. (S) CFRs.

2/21/1439, Thomas granted the keeping of additional lands of deceased John, Duke of Bedford. (S) CFRs.

7/12/1440, Feoffment ... Witnesses: Thomas de Parr, Thomas Strikland, kts. (S) UKNA.

1441, Henry Bellingham sued Sheriff Thomas Parr for an attack on his house.

1442-43, Thomas, knt., Sheriff of Westmorland. (S) UKNA.

1443, The king terminated Thomas’ 1438 grant early in favor of the Duke of Somerset.

1445, Bill concerning privilege of parliament (Sir Thomas Parr's case). (S) UKNA.

1/19/1446, Debtor: William Plumpton, knight, Richard Vernon, knight, Brian Stapleton, knight, and Thomas Parre, knight, and Edmund Trafford, knight. (S) UKNA.

1446, Thomas attacked on his way to the house of commons by the Bellingham’s.

3/1446, Sir Thomas Parr demanded in the House of Commons that the culprits be tried in the King’s bench. (S) The Reign of King Henry VI, Griffiths, 1981, P569.

7/7/1451, Commitment to Thomas Parre, knight, … the keeping of two-thirds of the toll of the market and fair, with

the farm and profits of … ‘shoppes' and 'scameles,' and with the bakery, 'le bankes ' and 'le courthouse,' of the town of Kirkeby in Kendale, co. Westmoreland, … (S) CFRs.

8/1453, King Henry VI had a mental breakdown. [3/27/1454, Richard, Duke of York, appointed Protector of the Realm.]

3/2/1454, Commitment to William Parre, esquire, by mainprise of Thomas Parre of the county of Westmoreland, knight, … (S) CFRs.

1454, 1456, Thomas JOP for Westmorland.

9/23/1459, Thomas a Yorkist at the battle of Blore Heath. Lord Audley led 10,000 royalists as directed by Queen Margaret, and set up an ambush of 5,000 Yorkists led by the Earl of Salisbury. Thomas fled with Salisbury [Richard Neville], arriving in Calais in November. [Thomas was attained; and his lands were being distributed when the triumph of Edward IV reversed the process.]

6/11/1460, If any man aide or comfort those attained … ‘Richard late duke of York, Edward late erle of March, Richard late erle of Warrewyk, Richard late erle of Salisbury, Edmond late erle of Rutlond, …, Thomas Haryngton, …, James Pykeryng, John Conyers, Thomas Parre knyghts, John Bourghchier squyer neveu of the seid duke,… upon payn of forfaiture of his goodes and his body to prison.’ (S) CCRs.

11/12/1460, Thomas and his two elder sons served on a commission "to arrest and commit to prison all persons guilty of unlawful gatherings, …, and if they resist, to call together all lieges … to fight them". [This was to protect the Yorkist cause in the heavily Lancastrian northern shires.]

12/30/1460, Thomas fought at the battle of Wakefield with Salisbury and York; again on the losing side. [There are lists showing he died in the battle – he did not.]

1461, Thomas JOP for Westmorland.

6/28/1461, Edward IV succeeded Henry VI as King of England. [1st Yorkist King; after King Henry VI captured at the Battle of Northampton.]

7/29/1461, Thomas granted the wardship and marriage of John Hothom by the new King Edward IV, holding extensive lands in Yorkshire.

11/24/1464, Thomas died.

(S) Magna Carta Ancestry, P643.

Children of Thomas and Alice:

i. William Parre, born 1434 in England. [Eldest son.]

Sir William married Elizabeth Fitzhugh, d/o Lord Henry Fitz Hugh & Alice Neville.

William made a Knight of the Garter by King Edward IV. (S) Annals of Kendale, Nicholson, 1861, P87.

1483, William died.

Child: Sir Thomas Parr, father of Queen Catherine Parr, wife of King Henry VIII.

ii. John Parre, born ? in England.

iii. Mabel Parr, born ~1441 in England.

Mabel married Humphrey (d.1485), 1st Baron Dacre of the North.

1508, Mabel died.

iv. Elizabeth Parre (184699), born ~1445 in England.

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