1377, Robert Carey born in Devon, England, eldest s/o 738688. John Cary & 738689. Margaret Holloway.
~1385, Margaret born in England, d/o 3802768. Sir Philip Courtenay & 3802769. Anne Wake.
2/1388 at Westminster, during the Merciless Parliament, Robert’s father forfeited possessions to the crown and was exiled to Ireland. (S) CFRs, 3/20/1388.
7/12/1388, Commitment to Robert Cary, esquire, and Thomas Cary, his brother of the keeping of all the lands in the counties of Cornwall, Devon and Somerset late of John Cary, ' chivaler,' which are in the king's hand by the forfeiture of the said John, (except only the manors of Toryton and Cokyngton), to hold the same from Michaelmas next for 10 years, … with clause touching maintenance of buildings etc.: saving always to the said Robert and Thomas and their heirs any action, right or claim which they may have after John Gary's death to all the manors, lands and rents aforesaid. (S) CFRs.
5/3/1389, Richard II, of age, assumed full control of the government.
1389, Robert offered £900 for his father’s lands in Somerset. [Refused when it was discovered that the money was his father’s that had been his by his mother.]
By 8/1391, Richard, esquire to King Richard II.
2/1392, Richard, esquire to John Holland, duke of Exeter, earl of Huntingdon for 12 marks yearly. [Half-brother of Richard II.]
2/28/1393, Commitment to Robert Cary of the keeping of the manor of Pompknoll, co. Dorset … (S) CFRs.
11/11/1393, Grant to the king’s esquire Robert Cary of £10 which Warin Ercedeakne, knight, had in keeping of the goods of John Cary, father of the said Robert, and which were forfeited to the king by virtue of the judgment against the said John in Parliament … (S) CPRs.
5/1395, Robert’s father died in Ireland. Robert got a life grant of over £15 worth of his property free of rent. Robert, his brother John, and his mother were also granted everything not held of the crown at that time.
9/1395, Robert awarded for life and rent-free, the Cary manor of Puddington, 3 parts of that of Northlew, rents in Oakhampton and Sheepwash (Devon) and lands in Launceston (Cornwall) worth in all £15 7s.8d. a year.
1/1396, Margaret late the wife of John Cary, knight to Robert Cary, esquire, and Thomas his brother, farmers of the lands late of the said John: Receipt for an annuity. Devon. (S) UKNA.
4/26/1396, Grant to Robert Cary and John Verdon of the goods ... to the value of £40. (S) CPRs.
3/19/1397, Commission to John Hull … touching the petition of Robert Cary, son and heir of John de Cary, knight, alleging that William Dobba, William Bata, and Thomas Farnhull granted to his grandfather Robert de Cary and Joan, his wife, and John, their son, and the heirs make of the body of John, … forfeited by reason of the judgement in Parliament … (S) CPRs. [Robert received rental properties with £10.]
1/1398, Sir John’s [Robert’s father] possessions that were forfeited were restored. (S) UKNA. [Total of estates worth £230 yearly.]
9/29/1399, Imprisoned Richard II resigned as king of England.
10/13/1399, Henry “Bolingbroke” was crowned King Henry IV.
1400, Robert supported the rebellion of John Holland. [John Holland executed.] Robert’s fathers lands given to Sir Robert Chalons.
11/26/1401, Recognizance by Robert Cary of Cokyngton co. Devon, esquire, … for £40 Condition: Robert at any time within the next 4 years, upon reasonable warning given, shall bring and deliver the above deed of entail into Chancery … having been brought into Chancery by Elizabeth Huddesfeld widow at Robert's suit. (S) CCRs.
1402, Petition. William de Lodyngton (Loddington), attorney of the king. Robert Cary directed to be before the council. [Places in Devon and Cornwall.] (S) UKNA. [Robert attempted to get the manors of Torrington and Cockington restored as they were held in ‘fee tail’, and as such exempt from forfeiture.]
[––Robert & Margaret––]
~1403, Robert married 1st Margaret.
10/1404, “Robert Cary, son and heir of John Cary, asks the lords to ask the king to have his Chancellor and Justices, and the others of his council, examine the charters and deeds which he has for the manors of Great Torrington and Cockington in Devon, of which John Cary, his father, was seised, …”. (S) UKNA.
1405, Quitclaim of Henry, Prince of Wales, Edmund Stafford, Bishop of Exeter and Thomas Langle, clerk, to Robert Chalonnis, knight, of lands and rights forfeit by Robert Cary to the king … (S) UKNA.
12/2/1407, Hugh Lutterell knight and Robert Cary to receive £20 for 50 days at parliament representing Devon. (S) CCRs.
11/14/1408, Robert, JOP for Devon.
1410-11, Robert a MP for Devon.
1411-12, “Petitioners: William Bonnet of Harfleur, merchant … Edward [de Courtenay], elder son of the Earl of Devon; [Edward de Courtenay], Earl of Devon; Robert Cary; …” (S) UKNA.
3/20/1413, Henry V succeeded Henry IV as King of England. [His friends as the prince were also friends of Robert.]
6/9/1413, Thomas Pomeroy knight and Robert Cary to receive £14 8s for 34 days at parliament representing Devon. (S) CCRs.
5/1413, Robert a MP for Devon.
By 1413, Margaret died.
[––Robert & Joan––]
10/1413, Northlew granted to Robert Cary for his life [no mention of a wife].
Robert married 2nd Joan Hanchford, d/o Sir William (Chief Justice). [Joan died at Exeter in 1449. In her IPM Philip is only identified as the s/o Robert, not as her son.]
Recorded exploit of Sir Robert: “In the beginning of the reign of Henry V, a certain Knight-errand of Arragon, … arrive here in England, where he challenged any man of his rank and quality to make trial of his valor and skill in arms. This challenge Sir Robert Cary accepted; between whom a cruel encounter and a long and doubtful combat was waged in Smithfield, London. But at length, this noble champion vanquished the presumptuous Arragonois; for which King Henry V restored unto him good part of his father’s lands, which, for his loyalty to King Richard II, he had been deprived of by King Henry IV … and authoriz'd him to bear the arms of the knight of Arragon …” (S) Catholic World, V59, Paulist Fathers, 1894, P620.
11/10/1413, Commitment of the office of the escheatry, Robert Cary; Devon and Cornwall. (S) CFRs.
1414, Gift and power of attorney of Robert Cary and his wife, Joan, to Edward, son of Edward Courtenay, Earl of Devon, … (S) UKNA.
8/10/1414, Edward Courtenay, son of Edward Courtenay (the blind) Earl of Devon, and who died before his father, assigns over with two other feoffees unto Robert Cary and Jane his wife the manors of Highhampton and Northlew.
1415, Robert given wardship 16 of the manors of his nephew Philip Courtenay, until his majority. [Philip’s father killed at the siege of Harfleur.]
7/14/1415, Provisional licence … for the disposal of a great tabernacle of silver-gilt garnished with gold, … late of the duke of Burgundy, … delivered as security for the repayment of 860 marks … 100 marks from Robert Cary, esquire, … (S) CPRs. [For a loan to the crown to help the financing of the expedition to Normandy.]
12/3/1415, Commitment to … Robert Cary …, esquires by mainprise of Thomas Lechedekene, … co. Devon … of the keeping of the manors of Est Coker, co. Somerset, and Cadelegh, co. Devon … by reason of the minority of Philip Courtenay , Richard’s kinsman … (S) CFRs.
1415-16, Robert Cary, escheator in Devon. (S) CCRs.
4/1416, Robert collected £1447 from the Exchequer for Edward Courtenay, son of the earl of Devon, in advance of their being at sea with a force of 1048 men.
8/14/1416, About 100 English ships sailed for the French coast.
8/15/1416, Battle of the Seine Estuary near Harfleur helped Henry V achieve mastery of the seas. The English fleet met about 150 French ships under John, duke of Bedford. While the English ships were smaller, the surprise attack in the shallow estuary proved a significant advantage in maneuverability. After 7 hours the English captured 3 of the 8 large Genoese carracks, and ran another aground. The English lost about 20 ships. They were then able to relieve the garrison at Harfleur.
4/6/1419, Quitclaim of John Arundell, knight, ... witness: Robert Cary, … John Boson, ... [Cornwall] (S) UKNA.
10/20/1419, “Devon. Westminster. … Parties: Warin Sachevyle, querent, and Robert Cary, Thomas Bytelesgate and Alice, his wife, deforciants. Property: 1 messuage, 1 carucate of land, 20 acres of furze and 20 acres of heath in Litelcombe and Branscombe. … Robert, Thomas and Alice have acknowledged the tenements to be the right of Warin, as those which he has of their gift. … Warin has granted to Robert and Joan, his wife, the tenements and has rendered them to them in the same court, to hold to Robert and Joan, of the chief lords for the lives of Robert and Joan, and after their decease the tenements shall remain to Philip, son of the aforesaid Robert, to hold of the chief lords for life, and after the decease of Philip, the tenements shall remain to Thomas and Alice and the heirs of their bodies, to hold of the chief lords for ever. In default of such heirs, remainder to the right heirs of Thomas.” (S) Feet of Fines, CP 25/1/45/78, No.71.
5/1421, Robert a MP for Devon.
1422, Robert a MP for Devon.
1425, Robert a MP for Devon.
1426, Robert a MP for Devon.
1429, Lease of Robert Cary to Henry Bryggs of property in Sheepwash. (S) UKNA.
8/1431, Robert died.
5/7/1448, Writ of diem calusit extremem after the death of Joan late the wife of Robert Cary, esquire, who held certain lands for term of her life … of the inheritance of William son and heir of Philip Cary; Devon. (S) CFRs.
(S) Burke’s Genealogy and Heraldic History, 1847, P195. (S) Hist. of Parliament.
Child of Robert and Elizabeth:
i. Philip Cary (184672), born ~1405 in Devon, England.